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Full text of "Adam in Eden, or, Natures paradise ?the history of plants, fruits, herbs and flowers ? with their several names, whether Greek, Latin or English, the places where they grow, their descriptions and kinds, their times of flourishing and decreasing, as also their several signatures, anatomical appropriations, and particular physical vertues, together with necessary observations on the seasons of planting, and gathering of our English simples with directions how to preserve them in their compositions or otherwise ... For the herbalists greater benefit, there is annexed a Latin and English table of the several names of simples, with another more particular table of the diseases, and their cures, treated of in this so necessary a work /by William Coles ..."

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= . apd Eee Paytical ees 
BE BE Ere Simples 
ae to preférve thesh in 

. OR, : 
ee atures | Parade 

"The Hiftory of ) Pes 

Fruits, Herbs and Flowers. | 

Pe WEEE eae 
Their feveral Names > whether Gree/ 

Lan or Enghif{h 5 the places hie ticy grow; ucit Defcrip- 

tions and Kinds; their times of flourifhing and decreating 5 as 
aliotheir te eral Signatmres , Anatomical app : | 

ol their Compoiitions or otherwile, ied 


A Work of fuch'a Ref ned and [ 

_ Method, that the Arts of Phyfick and Chin 
a Igid open , that Apothecaries Chimurgions;. 
‘. sigeige ces from out o 

: —_— our Exel) fo B > 

parti ular Tat 2 Of the 
treated of in this to 1 

‘To the ee i 



Perfed Lover of EEARNING, 

Sir William. Patton, — 

_ Raight and Baronet. 

Mott Hamiputed Sir, es , . 

Proietion , that in cafe it hould meet with any 
onalevoleft Spirits, that frould. have any | joughts to” “eaft forth their 
_ venemoss detrablions and afperfions uponit, the Lifter of your name 
oe appearing i in the Front ymmight caufe them to vaxifh, no otherwife then 
the noliurnall Spirits doe &t the approach of the Sunne, That which 
Sig prnboldeied me 5. phongh aftranger to you 5 t0 prefume fo much a 

Nea ? Bs sat she Noblenafe fe ature hath 

‘ poodgan pis joa > siuedimbs hfe bappy 
. you — ts Daal tothe Worlds bat more efpe 

: enerall repute 5 that you bave mayank 




sgn: prrtmnntapiene = 

a hek sate Dedicatory. 

en carne tt Ae 

nomen Ms é . . 

ape oe be 

more Pikonyiac kind of Life, or lefle Corporally aélive do lay 
out their Parts, and hazzard their, Reputatsons by expofing’ thetr 
Labours to 1 piew of the op? for iows = t So-t 9 sharproied . 
the Tater eis porthilytobe commen of as.they} ib i t 
former, And amongft the ref » Students in the Hevbarary Ar, — 
ave as profitable «Members is apy ( other for befides that they are 

Prelentemg; Thubipels of Gods 5 glory, fering forth it felfe fo w derfuully a7. th’ he 

ss ie. a Vegetables, theyare alfady fome » called, the H andes of God 5 becaufe 




= inated Gia! Awe 

path Created for ihetr prefervation. And t zn thus refpett » Phyfick 

ag tdi Ra: Weprtad cinta spore 

they are bib Lair rke 30 appl balerbings wat atarbind, that he 

may Le faid to be more shed Divinity i if (elle » for though the 
Charmer or Preacl: er gharme never fo wf ely » rate if the Auditor be 

_ Bot COMP! Os mentis,evt, like the Deaf e , Adé he’ pill fe bi bi 

But Juch.are th the Powerfull” weriues qf es SaaS 
Profefior ; or. “that they walle even : reftore ‘thofe that have lof 
and fo not ony make i.em m capable of good Cosi fell sna C4 
az ad and body to ‘refuine their prefitne - 
mn a Bur down at your rerfips 
ime bepes shat ais tude beple. fe cae ae 

Je st 
é ; ‘< 
rae “s ar tela ee $3 32 SKU 2805 rei fs arson 

owed 7 wes ee os ol ah = ht raid? si: sees Ay . re: > 

Stes. %, at a 

. $ Es Gees 
~ oh Peyaset: eer © asat oe « re a ey 

v Caryl: RR}, aging, mA OL 5 

| sk ies ea o oo ; : Sy 

7 asmialgnt ag cig wate 

she = Gee Ase, = 

To the Reader, © 

Courteous Reader, 

O make thee truly fenfible of chat happineffe whicti 
Mankind loft by the Fall of Adam, isto render thee an 
exact Botanick, by the knowledge of fo incomparable 
a Science as the Art of Simpling, to re-inftate thee in- 
to another Eden, or, A Garden of Paratife: For if Werightly 
confider the Addreffes of this Divine Contemplation of Herbs 
and Plants, with what alluring Steps and Paces the Study of 
them direés Us to an admiration of the Supream Witdome; 
We cannot but even from thefe inferiour things arrive fome- 
_ whatnear untoa heavenly Contentment 3 a contentment in- 
deed riext tothat Bleffednefle of Fruition,which 4s: onely inthe 
orhier World; 5 for: allour Pleafures here hi ing burthe-fading — 

, amongft all thefe tranfitory Entertainments 
our Lives, there isnone more fuitable to’the’ mind of ‘man’ 

chen this ; for dare boldly aflert, that “if there'be any one 
thar is become fo much aa derbarift, as to be delighted wich 

ae patie tap, Afpe&s of Naturé, fo as:to have walked a few: 

ansiivher folitary Places, traced het Allies, viewed her feve- 

fall imbroidered’ Beds, recreated and feafted himfelf with het 
Fragrances, the harmleffe delights of her Fields and Gat 

| that t hath embraced ne of the g ae ~~ of our t 

tt ee aan a 2 Sgr eens 

“To the Reader. 

ftudy to be experienced in this laudable art of Simpling, of 
which I have already publifhed a Treacife, neither have | per- 
{ued this imployment only for the private contentment that I 
received thereby , muc'? ‘fle our ofa greedineffe of gaine 
but from a Zealeto the puwi.que good, as having obferved , 
that through the ignorance and negligence of pretenders to 
the knowledge of this art, fundry unhanfome,dytafters to have 
~ happened to the ruine of many , and among{t thofe, tofome 
that deferved moft of their Country. Had Solomon thac great 
_ proficient inall{ublunary experiments preferved thofc ep 
volumes that he wrote in thiskind, for the infractions of 
ture ages, (fogreat was that fpatiouf{nefle of mind, that God. 
had beftowed on him) thar he had immediately undcr the 
_ Deity been the greateft of Dogtors, for the prefervation of 
mankind : But wath the lofle of his Books fo much lamented by, 
the Rabbines and others, the beft parc of this Herbarary are 
hath fince groaned under the defeéts of many unworthy Au- 
‘thors, and yet! remaines under divers Clouds.and imperte@i- 
ons, The truth is though it be neceflary fora man to know. 



———__—-- and Jearneall Sciences, neverthelefie the knowledge ofna- 

turall Philofophy be moft: eficemed, as. beins no. 
fefull then furnith divith. all admirable delights ,..she- 

iS 2 ioe their beft ex- 

did J, without a modeft 

: Parkii . a 



: ' see om be | 
(tt Vie aoe Sirs wi SOG O 
2 Pe - ,, - +. 
bor A sare * a: 

; her. 
oR hae : bs 
bs aoe 

a - a ° —3 - POLE AEB tae 2 ini 
* ea - 

r . = 

{pe of the fmallneffe of their Size , andthe falfe placing of - 
them, thatthe Botanick is ascommonly puzaled as facisfied , 
and thereby difabled to give an ingenious account of them, 

4. As many things have fince their Deaths been obferved in 
Gardens and other places which they never difcourfed of ; fo 
there are-many vertues since difcovered in Plants which they 
neverfomuch asmentioned, 

5. AsThave minittred.a new method in a more compendi« 
ous Volume being alfo et plaine aad cafy, fo Ido deliver. 
my Reader from divers difficulties that till this prefent, he 
hath been perplexed with. | ; 

6, Ihave laboured to make my deferi ptions agreeable to the 
foyl which neither Gerard or Parkinfox did , that fo they may 
live in the Herbarifts efteeme, as they do intheir native and 
proper places, , 

7- Ihave not altogether walked alone in thefe my Tra- 
vailes but have gone along with Mr, Steevens Principall of 
Hart-Hall in Oxford, «Mr, Lyda'ls Mr. Brown , Mr, wit, Mr: 
Hanley, Mr, Beeflons Mr. Jobn Coffe, the Apothecary » and 
divers ocher my good Freinds , being very eminent Boranicks , 
in theUniverfity of Oxford,converfed with and received a Ivice 
fromthem , and had the approbation of divers other learn- 
ed Herbarifts now living, and if1 have failed ofthe beft ofour 
Englith men; Afr. Good-yeare, Dr. Bowle, Afr, Afbmole, the 
intelligence of our latetimes, Dr. How, their affiftance had 
not becn wanting comine endeavour, it my humble deferts 

could have raifed me tothe felicicy and Honour oftheir Ac- 
. 8. Ihave not only fer the Names of Plants and their 
Res but their rc ricticsalfo > their Affe&ts and Effects, 

ncreafe and Decreafe their Flourifhing and Fading ; theit 
- difting Varicties and feveral qualities, {c ch : 
‘the Reader thus much, that though no Art be able to. wets: 
Nature in herlikeneffe , yet if any Author can with his Pen 


ae z = 
ert ial 

= ; rete great Reebenniet the Worlds: Prifit, whit 

é abevetha: neral-good, hath been a Bait thathath caught the 
| vil gars iim GoGok esse Herbs and Fruits were ie oflinnty, 
= Miacet Memp:-fothe, iéccffary ufe and benefit of them is the 

tore clearlpewidenced unto us, both by the long and health: 

tull Livesotour Fore-Fathers ,. andiallo by the great’ ‘paines 

and charges » they from time totimelwere at in manuring and 

planting Orchards: and» Gardens } ‘making: ule ‘and gai 

Wilder places, noronly dctighting °t 1cmielves with fome of 

the Ormamentall Toycs‘of Nature 5 ‘but’ profequuting the af. 

~ faires of their Lives for the neerer concerment: oe Provil ion 

$ox their! Famihes.o33<i35195 yn odo cs Sorecel 

yoand now, ingenuousReader,that 2 3 may thew my felfe as fit 

cere-an honeurer: and truc lover of the advancethnetit ‘of this 
_ Scienceas Lean, give me leave moft heartily to‘with oil | 

there: were more BenefaGors to the latendbl le Inftitutions 

fomk Phyfick-Gardens; amongft which Mr.  Ador gan of Welt 
miatter hathene in his Tuition y° which by the nobleneffe of 
Dts How isalready ver y full fraught; and is like to be rendrec 
= " os tichly-frnitial|, That I may ‘not feeme too tedious j 
patios oat eis rclaee: 

ce for my Readers better Aatistaction’, Tha 
: relixed acturcher Account’ or fh NOFLE x ! “ob oe ast 
Siglte * tentig bc] pel. oe w ror TRG D in | 
- 9 Fo.céach Me etedicdveshete sabours to the Cor 
wealth of Learning, rorlié Colledg of Phan, hin 

we larcof their Country: inten sed ai 

ovig flor pbaeMl sty a 
ie a 2 4 e} 

+ * 

* apes 

‘of the Method ‘uted. in “the enfain uing 

ch. ache 
tL att sy 
: ; , ane ‘/ 
= ——— = bine ee “OG WYMIR YS ee , 
‘ec 4 ; t i3 <5 je 


ral) te a ees 

S&S | 


2T = 


~ i ss Gadel 
“1g AMD 
“m1 rod s20i3 
pis. ending. 

merewate if sg 

ernst a Tr cllers with-sne i 

ie pened <aethad Lap the Seb ae you will ay that — — ‘praia 

yincad ip BES tatreat of the Names, Kinds, Eormes, Places, Bee 2 “= 
pase spe Senecarenn aud Vertues , if not the Signature of every = 
Plast, Fur nat do . ae g baat 2 wall ¢ come soto the Handsof {ome Learn- | 
ed) Peefans 4. wh : e itt, to be expertin this moft Jette 
wAisne eecnoed xathing that. might render tt 2 zacompleat 
Jegirateg wath the Dames whack ave mot common! geen. note 7 for 
pankars me RT = EY ferns etek etita, 

i. “i36etg egeab 4 

* EEO ROR TREY eet OMT. a rm 

' Flowers,Seeds, Roots, Juices, %c: The Temperature and Qualities are 
\ alfofet down , that feeing bot difeafes aveufuatly cured with cooling Ae- 
‘duines, andtold difeafes with hot Medicines, tt. might be known when 
Plast i properéxnot. The Signatures likeadfe ave taken notice of, they 
_ being as it were the Books outof which the Ancients firft learned the Bissecs 

"a Herbes; Nature or vather the* G od of nature, havin ig flamped on divers 

” Deus cuiq; * of them legtble Charaélers to dt{couer thezr ufes, tase be hath left others 

Plantein- alfo without any, that after he had fhewed them the way , they by their *] 4. 

_ didit prodi- $oyy ane indultry, which renders every thing more acceptable, might find 

_ torem {uum out the veft abit) did not neglett, but profequated with extracrdina- 

Cashes = YY diligence , yet sia! they Left fuficzentT ngusrtes for fucceeding eAges. 

de Signa eAnd the Vertues > and other Properties, whether nocent or innocent of €- 

ee cy UE articular Plant , which were found {cattered 1n divers Authors , 1 

me secicieticns have collected and put tagether’s aad added divers excellent oufervations, 

labore ac- neice yet taken notice of by any other weiter, that Ihave met with , not o- 


tiora homi- wall, ferting down whether the Bark, Leaves, Stalks Sees Roots, Fui 
efle 7, filled water be of greateft Efjett: So that not only Men, & 
- alfo, who do frequently bend their Endeavours this in enone 
“they fall be pleafed to perufe a my Labour's fball ni ‘t 
i- aud P. cmippet the Nie > = A ah : Fa ame: “A 


moi cd can We ‘ig realy frie 2 imple ment viel ts my well 
of Appropriatsons which is to be pre- 
| pare Wik ts fi hh or fet aft her it a1 eefold Index or Table, one of 
~..,.) the Latine, ard anather of the Salis Names with arable ib Fer. 
“Ree tues and a tstsas ie adh 3 ‘divers Ing wivies . Ww ws rh 

ey ”y opsarc a induftriosto 
Herbs , dala of the ae ani 

Fhe Beds ehere, | be Aelia f ees 

| Seay 

ita gra~ mmitrsye the way of Ufe and Application 5 whether it be taternall or Exter= é 

His Efteemed, William Coles, ‘pox 
his NCew sMethodixed eas, of 
at La NOT S. 

3 Sone may commen your forwardnefle, that you 

Venture thus foon into the publick view 5 -)) > Ve 
But by the wifeft fort “tis underftood, og fi 

Noman canbetoo haftytodogood, 9 
And may all thofe that enyioufly do brouze iz 
Upon your Leaves, fare like the Vicars * Cowes 3 
The fault will be cheir own, yet ftill “tis truc, - 

In Yew there’s poyfon,: though there’s none in Yous xP 

For you have {crutiniz *d Dame-Natures fore, 3 ae 

 Tofind out Remedies ) that iniay. neflore > himagi Ta 
" Expiring Health, when the cold Hand of Death 
"Ase pet Ou 

Others the Head. erat | and ob ets five, te 
If-notto kills tomake Us di G alive i eae 
So you our P'ot ir u : 

To raife ftour Forcé arges f 
To SNES fecal a 3 in eac at atts = 5 


= His Refpedted, FR, TEN; Dy: 

V ‘ila Coles," 

upon his Herbal 

New the blind World what, price to a on real bappanctig” 
And nor mifiook for their chief good, what is their chief diftteffe, 
“They would not-run with fuch career, after che flattring bait 
‘Ot Riches, Hononr, and chole troubles, thar on ereatneffe wait : 
Neglecting pleafures more, incere, wherein they {pend cheir hour's, 
Who daily with calm thoughts converle;wich Gardens and with Flowrs. 
| Thefe things thoa zh plain afford content,*amd-eafie are to gain, 
Thofe feldom bit through rapin, fraud,or murchers menattain, — 
What wife man would nor‘racher chéoie,in plealant Fields to be, 
Then in the midit of bloody Fights, or onthe taging Sea > _ 
There horrid Cryes and Siphtsaffrighe, Pale Death< doth chere ag 
Here nought but pleafing Objects are, calm peace « doth’ 
th that { faim theElyztan Paradife, ” 
o felicities, ~~’ 

houghts Invite che zeal 
itl she the p 

re 6 

The Excellent Herbari fi | 
Mr. William Coles, 

W orthy Sir, 

Anatomicall ufes of them, that for 

bave not perufed any leaves of this kind 
> more beneficiall ; or that 


: * 

| William How,Med.Do8, 


The Approbation of divers Herbaritts 
concerning, the enfuing, W ork. ~ 

291 2 Einink: 189) 
His Au tk F natin pac is Serious Confidera- 
tion the infinite inconveniences arifing to his Native *— 
‘Country, (whofe faithful Servapt he hath approved 
| himfelt to be) through the ignorance of the genera- 
lity of people, whe (for Want of cheap Means, and Sound 
Inftructions) concerning the Knowledge and Ufe of fuch Sim- 
ples, as are cither growing pear them, or eafily tobe had, and 
the many difedvancages ealpinig by their Negleé of them, it 
being his Care fo reftore thofe Benefits,’ which our Wife 

Creator hath provided for all men, bya yery caficand ready 

Method , the like whereof was never yet publifhed; We 
_ whofe'Names are aideriwiisreh cair done Nelle ehh téecoin- 


“Th I ngenionfly Learned, Mr. WC oles, 

on this Hés worthy Labour, intituled, The Paradife of Plants, 
or, Adam in Eden. ' 

vit, My Afefizon, not my Avarice, 

Hath made m’Jxtrade into your Paradife : 
WV hee, to Amazement, I have gladly feen 
Earth's faireft Beautiess drefs'd in Lovely-green : | 
So Glortow, {o full of Eloquence, 
They both furprize, and captivate the Senfe : 
So Ravtibing, I ceafetowondermore,  ~ 
Why Dioclepian, the Emperou’s 
Put off His Purple, and refign'd up all, . 

_ Tolead His Life, within a Garder-wall : 

So variow, as if they meant to View 

Their different Faces, with ee Si hs ag 3 
“So Numerous, she - on bs sgiese 
Fad not a Ps vent fo cane es 

ee Thee All from Heav’ 2, Acive a Pedogrés ) 
And yet (to'tell vou Troth) there isa Plant, 
Balis, by name, which Soveraign Herb, 1 want : 
For, Draco, in his Heat, a Mazhath lain Be cs 
_ And Thylo-like, ’de have him Live again, ee Se ae 
But O their Veriues ! Poo: do ftrike me Mute; 
Th’are paft Expre{sion ; fomie, finding oat 5 3 
Or et a with an samite? eles ged 
_ Makes,Him that #zows ’em, bata heel itch ye 
And that’sone Reafon th’are fo clofely’ hid,” 
_(Nature’s whole Sytem, fo invelo 
And we (Poor Marialls | ) thus expos'd t to trie 
ti ons. ae oe 

Bur se rss Votal Signatuvess a 
The endof their Boe coma’ and 

| pares Peco * 
i Tde oe 

: t 

Her for a GaddefJe ; and the Mar fian-race 
(Defcended from Her) héld in {pecial grace. 
= Bhus,the great Language-malters» Mithridates 
© Lives fill eAdoreds for His Cabinet ae 
- OF Recipe’s and Secrets ; -welcomet-\ > 
To Pompey, than all eHe He got by-th’war 
Lenaeus famous, in the Roman- State, 
~ Becaufe thofe Jewels He did well Tranflate: 
~ Aad alin, for His Tract of Szmples, writ | 
(Though lett Amperfeity’s venerable, VOR" 3 or) 
So: Theophraflus, Diofcorsdes, . 
Galen,amd Pliny, wear Immortal Baies : 
| Rhafis and ALfue, noble Autcen, © 
Adonred all, by ev’ry worthy Pex ; a | 
And *cwere Ingrate, fhould. ny leflebe dones 
To Pataful Gerard, or Leart’d Parkinfons ec 
For, they have much advane’d Botanick-Skill, <. 
And made it rag tothofetharwill =. 
Purlue their Steps.” But now! what fhall we fay 
What owe we to You, that have Smooth’d the way, te 
And cut tt {horter, by whole Shelv’s of Books, 
—dhat terve, but toconmfsand’ cm Overlooks 

meas. heck: & >: 

et Fs 

- ee % Sia = % eee, « “ 
im an > See a Na 8 ae 

Id(almofty * 

were ne 


7 A Table of the Appropriations, fhewing for 
what Part every ‘Plant is chiefly. medici- 
**nable throughout the whole Body of Man; 
~ beginning with the Head ; quoted accord- 
: to the Chapters contained in: this 

2 For the Head in For the Bares. - ; For the Teeth. 
- generatie.: Ss Afarabacca. Pine, 5i 
— ~~. Ground ly, Pomezraate 5 52 
T Alluats, I> Ays Maftrcks oo 5 
Peony, 2  Poplar-Tree; Ss Ss Mofler-wort's 2 5 
Poppy, 3 Wighifbade, °»' gaily Se 
ils, ‘ Nee ow-fennell Corall-wort,  . 
LarchTvee its Agarick, a8 thiftle of 3 
and Turpentine. 
rere: Re Wi “itd Tanfys 5 
Betony pint, For the depuis of 
Sage, ; Plower-delatey:: the. Mouth, : 

2 = Fleawort eae 60 "9 


OOS poe 

Rojemary ce 3° Hovfetatle . 
ny ipeaey et e Shpherds pares 
<Marjerome, © 10 wallow, oer 
Prin ofes,cow/lips, 11 Bifort. 
ey _and Beares Eares ————s‘ Tovmentill, < 


a A tae 

oF the Appr opriations. a 

5 Pome Catrans, = 

ay- wor: 796 Camomile, 141 
Rag sents eee - 6 >For the Lungs, Stop- Trifolium  odordtum , 
Columbines 77. Pings, Confumpti-. =e 
Cudweed, Sigg ons thereof, ge: Melilote, 143 
Jemes Eares; 78 orebound, 105 . Oates, 144 

Bers, : Lungwort, — 106 Valerian, 145 
- Forfhorenefs ofbreath » . 7: abaceos 107  Stitch-wort, 146 
Coughs; Expectora- Sundew, 108 Flax and Linfeed, 147 | 
a rations , Hoarie- Hedge. Muflard. 109 
nefle, @e: Coltsfoot, ~' 110 . For purging the Sto- 
Elecampane 79 Woulbinety - 111 “Mack, 
Almond-Trees 89.0 Mallein y ‘112 Wormwood , 148 
‘The Vine, Sx Comflips. of Ferufalem, At rabolanes, 149 
Reeds and Sugar-Cane, 113 Groundfell, 150 
$2 Saatcle, 114. Raaifh, 151 
Fujules, 83 Polypody , 115 Black Alder, 152 
Sebeftenss 84  wWhortlelerries; 116  Oyly Nut Ben, 153 
 Scaé 200, 85 Sweet-Cicely , AI7 © Senay 154 
~. Coleworts, — 86 Daffodils, 155 
Nettles, : 87 For the Heart,Qualms white Hellebore, 1 56 
 Tarneps, 88 Fainmefle, @c: Purging Caffiay 157 
en Angelis. 11 5 
' o- Safron,, t19 For ‘breaking Wind, 
eo Borage, . ages 3 Ca BWA 5 ae | 53 
Violets, aE * Cumminy Sees 159 
Strawberries, 122 Camells Hay, A PEO 
Wood-Sorrell, 123 ~—- Ginger, 16L, 
Bumlme, 424 Galanga, 162 
Marigolds , es) Cardamems, Meee Tra 
‘Swallowort,  —-«- 126 we rss 
 Goats-Rue, 127 165 
Vipers-graffe, 128 (166 

For the Liver, 
Rubarb, 197 
Ti urmeric, | RS 
Agrimony 2 179 
Levermorty 180 
Succ sig £87 
Ale cial, and baeedlin 

: 183 
Dacks 3 fi aa - 1183 

Beetesy Fa fo ata 7 2 i85 

Smallages © 1: “186 
le AVETS$ — corases a 87 
erred ds 28 
3 © For the Dil 
El t's 
danella, ar oo 
Briony, arabes 
aeihiace al A:dp 5 

eS a) if or aye tree 


palma Chrifti. | or’ Gréap 
Spurgey, ~ ~~ 196 
: a 

woah Hellebore, % 


Ay rable Othe «Appropriations ee 

For the Reines; and 

_. Bladder ; Stone, 
‘Strangurys Fl: 
en pian » Gin PE 2k 3 
Par|ly, 214 

datarth- Mallowes, 225 

Goats Thornes, 216 
Sviknard, Tira ud 
Sweet [melling Flugs 
a3 eins 
Q evUs OF Eat Ga- 
ANZA, 9 92 SOra2zIg 
Hops, 220 
Krot-gralfe, > 22% 
Parfly pert, 3 22 
Saxifrage, 223 
Dropwort, . 2 24 
. Gromell, (225 
Ontons,. (orik 236 

Brocklime giigiiagt 
H awtberes rf 
ere x: 


Lavander Cotten, 2 58 

Carrots and Par{neps: 5 

winiewes j= 5i I 
Sprgnell , oeega 
Bifhops weed, \=00%: 25 3 

Exghifh parr es 254: 
Leckes > ee. 55 

Hyr{ereddifp, : 256 

Fok: ie ee wind 
“the Bloudy 05 ele 
bother’ Fluges, 
a Tot 4 > bas 
CAfrtle, aka ks 
“pee 259 
Black- bore 
ashy Hoge ct 

saprasale oS 

eae 2 
Samii ay 6 
Set Se 

a 260 | 




Ss. Tableot the «Appropriations. 


&: AD" cok barre 5” 308 : se 
For provoking the  Orach, 309  Forthe French Pox. 
y Termes. - eA fia Fetidla, 319  Guajatum, 327 
Mugwort, 286 ComPar[nep, 311 China, 3238 

Penniroyally 287 Sar{a parillas - 
Southernmood, . 288 For expediting Child- 
Savoury, 289 Birth. For the fwellings* in 
Tim,  .° ~ 290 © Birthwort, 312 the Groine, ’’ 
Alexanders, (290 Mercury; 313  Starre-wort, 330 
Anemones, | 2 9 i Madder, 314 Herbe Paris, : 3 32 
Dittany, “315 
For foppingtheTe erms  Dittander or Pepperworts For green Wounds ; 
and the Whites; . . 316 and old Ulcers. : 
Comfrey, 292 Holme Oake and its St. Fobnswort, 332 
cMoule-ear, 293  Chermes, 31 i Clown woundwort, 333 
Yarrow, 294. * | | Ars{mart, 334 
Mede-[weet, © 295 For expelling - thé Bagley. =~ 335 
Adders- oe 296 dead Child, and seffsbeale, 336 
afcer-Birch; ~ Saracems Confoundl; 337 
Ground Pine , 318 = Loofeftrife, 333 
Savine 5 319 = Dinfy,. * onslgg 
Bersh-Tyee 2: 320 fe) al 340 
oe ee oe ee + SS a 
Bs = 39r For Rupruresor Busi. “For bores ont 
Moe Fre, are Aen ttc < neflepatar* - Splinters. 
: ca-T Jege oY ere. — Fa 321 Phiperacll, a 


a OR 
He Method which I {ball follow in this enfuing Treatife! foun 

be according to that which Anatomifts uféin Mans body,which 
they divide into four parisy viz. The uppers middle, ana lower 
) Regions ; and laftlysthe Limbs, Firft treating of thofe Plants 
which are appropriated to the Head, the feverall parts — 
thereof. Secondly,of thofe which ave appropriated to the Breaff, 
asd the parts therein contained, Thirdly, of thofe which do more properly 
appertain to the Abdomen or lower Region, And fourth tho 
partscularly belong to the Limbs, In all which Tf 
which have any [pecial Signature; And I Shall-s 

Tree, becaufe the emble the Head 1n fever all particulars. é 

5 Mg 

oo oor “Adam in Eden, Or, % ; ae 

long Wall-nut. 5. The Wall-nut which beareth twice inayear. 6. St. fobns . 
Wall-nut, or the lare-ripe Wall-nut,which fhooreth not forth any leaves, rill 

it be Midfummer. 7, The white Wall-nut of Virginia. 8. The black Wall-nuc 

of ree But becaufe all chete kinds differ little in their vertue, I will de- 
icribe here none but the ordinary Wall-nur. . | 


The Wall-nut is alufty Tree both for height and bul and fpreadeth forth 
many large Arm$and Boughis,and mutt make a goodly fhadow, when the leaves 

are on, which confift of five or fix faltnedto one rib, with one ftanding onthe 

“The Wood is much uled by Joyners,to make Tables, Stools, &c. Ie is very. 
_ urable ific be kept dry, but rots prefently in che: w eer 2 

The Place and Time, ~~ 

Sok 8 ee fa a = 5 ~ (.% See. 
firtt Nacivicy was in Pera, whence either the whole Tree 


_ The 

Tt, GO 
- ¥ A. & 
a ¥ os 
rs é Sa 

Why it was fo foolifh as to bri forth fruit;feeing hat 

the Paradife of: “Seon : 3 

_ The Temperature, 

Dodoneus is of Opinion, that rhe freth Nuts are cold ss moiit, but Puch is 
faith, they are drying in the firlt degree, and heating in che fecond: the bark of 
the Tree doth binde and dry very much, and» the leaves are near of the fame 
temperature; but when the Nuts are old, they are hor and dry inthe fecond 
degree, and of thin parts, and of harder digeftionthen wien they are fre(h, 
Ww hich by reafon of cheir iweeenefic, are more plealane and better digelting in in 
the ftomack. yi 

The Signatures and Vertues: cima ee 

wall-nuts have the perfe& Signature of the Head: The outer husk or greent 
Covering, reprelent the Pericraniam, or oucward skin of the skull, whereon the 
hair groweth, and therefore faltmade of chofe husks or barks, are Saitiy: 
eee g for wounds inthe head.. The inner wooddy fhell hath the Signature o 
the Skull, and che litele yellow skin, or Peel, chat covereth the Kernell of the 
hard Mensnga, & Pia Mater,which are the thin fcarfes that envelope the brain, 
The Kernel hath the very figure of the Brain, and therefore it is very proficabh 
for the Brain, and refifts poyfons ; For if the Kernel be. brui‘ed, and moylinge< 
with the quinceffence of Wine, and laid 00f athe Crown of ithe Heady ic 
forts the brain and head mightily. _2f ch : Peels be takes off, hey ‘aretho ght 
to be good forthe imack, and lomerntrat Tooling the belly : and mixt with Su- 
io nourifirtet perately, whileft they are new 5 but when they begin 
to stow old c ey grieve the Stomack,and caute in hor bodies choler to abound, 
and the Head- ach, and are an enemy to thofe which have a Congh; but. the 
are le(fe hurtfull to thote which have colderftomacks, and are faidto kill the 
broad Worms in the ftomack or belly. They are reckoned in Schola fa Sette 
for one of thofe fix things which are good againft poyfon - 
Allia, Ruta, Pyra, & Raphanus ¢ cum Theriaca Nux, 
Hac fi unt Antidotum contra mortale venenum., 

And true itis, that two dry Wall-nuts, and as many Figs, and cw: en leaves 
of Rue, bruifed and beaten together, with cwo or three Corns of falt were Kir 
Mitbridates Medicine againtt F poyion, which after he had long ufed daily, at latt 
he fought co poyfon himielf, but could nor. And no marvel for che water of 
green Wall-nuts, caken about Midfummer, being drank two or three ounces, 
cooleth and refifteth the Peftilence. And che watet of the outer Husks of 
Wall-nuts being pen Oe cd in September, is given to drink again the 
Plague, witha tain experiment; and the juyce of the - 
fame;boyled up with Honey, i 18 ve excellent garsle forfore mouths, the heat 
and inflammations in the throat or {tomack.~ Though the old Kernels are not 
fo fit to be eaten, yer they are ufed co heal rhe wounds of ~~ finews, Ganerensy 
and Carbuncles , and being mixed with Figs and Rue, t ahey cure old Ulcers of 
the Breafts, and other cold impofthumes, with Rweand Oy/, they are eee 
be laid to the Ouifie. The leaves with Boars a » ftayeth the b _ 

falling, and maketh piace the like allo will i thes 

bor ey ded an 

LC lam tn: tide n, Or, 
ly. Belides,it is far better for the Painters nfe, ro illuttrace a whire colour than 
Linfeed Oyl, which deadeth it; andus:offingular good ute, tobelaid on gilded 

works, The young green Nuts before they be half ripe, prelerved whole in 

Sugar, are not onely-a dainty Junket‘amongotherof the like nature, bur are 

good for thoie that have weak {tomiicks, and defluxions thereon. It is aver- 

red by.fome, that if a Wall-nurbe.put inro thebelly'ofa Chicken; it will caufe 
itro-be soatted a gteat deal the fodnet: © The Rind’of che root,having the upper 
art {craped of, being made into powder, andtempered with Vinegar, if irbe 
pee a thtee times, till ic befomewhar thin and clear, and drunk libe- 
rally, curerh the Aone, and cleanfeth the body very much. 7 : 


- no Siti - CHAP, Il. ae 
senate tebe Oe pion Den yee So 

He Greeks call it ‘s Tavwerd ‘9 Taye, the. Lagines alfo Paonia, and Dulci- 
BL fda; in Shops’ Pronia , in Englih Piony, or Peony, and of tome Cheffes: 
Te hathialfo many Baftard names, ‘as Rofa Patuina, HerbaCafta, Hnjta Regia, 

Rofa Afmarum: of fome,Luzaria, or Lynaria Paonia, hecaule it cureth thole 

which Havéthe Palling-ficknelic; whonr mottmen do call Luwaticr, or Luna- 

. ee ces ste > ct a Ses BE wonten Shee ae? ; J ‘f 

5 tne Sb press erg SR ERE RS Tyuel ‘th ¥ WhO. doubrle!s found 
it fome of the Vertues, yfde or Daleifida trom the 

ted grains in the Pomgr. ‘Sida, with which it h 

see ae 

re ae Ks Sea x : * st G teri 5 
= aS BA The Kizdes, nid 1:49 


. ee ‘ : eee BS oe : Sa 
2) “The Sotts of Pionyes which I have ‘mee with,,are in number 11.1, The mal 
Piony, 2. The Female Piony, 3.Double Red dion 4. The double whice Py- 
ony. 5- The Spanifh Dwarf Piony. 6. Columbine leated Pyony, .7. The par- 

_ty coloured Piony. 8. The female white Piony...9+ Thee yellow Pi ony 
10, The doubtful female Piony. 11.Cenain, fing ie, and double female Pio- 
nies, that iprang with Clujiue, of the feed ofthe double Red, which is not uin- 
all. Allthete torts, exceprthe female, are Plants {o {carce, that_they are pof- 
feffed but by a few, and chofe great Lovers of Rarities in thjs kinde, and there- 
fore I fhall trouble you onely with the deferiptionoftha. 


* ® 
» ote ar 2 a owe 2 koe. ee 
ea? — Ls § ee 4 
ae we ne SS ee POR Ne ape i ee : : kan Seen: @ i lls 
£ : + t@ : / - 
i eek me . fl ee Ce : 4 pag Sed 
Eb Ru Ssiigee. : : he OVE Lf (<2 Su Ce ee 
: . eS = 

_ The ordinary Female Piony silcth upwith meany fialks which are at firft of | 
Feddith colour,and the young leaves like unto the young red Veaves of thew all 
ButsTree, which atterwards turminco a dark or dead greencolour, and becom 

| ome 
large. « At the top ofthe ftalks, ‘are growing fair: large red: flours , like. 

great double Rote of Provence ; bur that BRA darker red, Tavindeallie 
thes LAE, Low Thredvor Thrums like them inthe Rofe, which fometaketo 


the Paradife of Plants. 3 

be the feed though falfly,, which being faded and tallenaway, therecome in 
cheir places two, three, or four-rough¢rooked Pods, bending a contrary way; 
as fome Rams Hornsdo. Theteeds are ofa black fhining colour. The Root 
confifts of many thick and fhort tuberous bunches, faftened ‘ar the end of long 
rings, and all.trom the Head of the Root; which is chick and fhort:’' ">: 

The Place abd Fie <5 3) sir cinbwbwe ! 
+satwhelfiiinenT .cossci alendagasy 
_ ‘Molt of the forts aforefaid grow in the Phyfick-Garden in Oxford;and in fome 
Gardens about London and Weftminfter; -butelfe they are‘ featce to be four 
except the double female, as Iiaid, which growerh in many Country Gardens 
and do flower ufually about A477, andtheir Seedis ripgin July. 0m oo1'3 

The Temperature, oe" 

The Heads of the Flower of Piony, being noe~yerbTow 
ture and proportion washshet an, having futures and little 
srled una chenviron the brain, Weheri ch 

Rt Of lV 

few Dike unto thole whi 

% s@ 



purge their Se aa 
Gall, and 

p the Urine, The 

6 nin Eden, Or, 

ken night and morning, by thofe which are troubled with the difeate called the. 
Night-mage, are very effectuall, “The Powder of the feeds, mini(tred in meat 
and drink to Ghildren, doth fend forth the ftone beginning in them, and is 
therefore be ufed of fuch as have it by Inhetitance trom their Parents, 
by acenure called ex Vitiofo Semine:or elfe have gotten it by purchafe > ex In- 
temperantia: By which two wayes moft part ofdifeafes grow. And the {aid 
Powder drunk with Wine, reftoreth the wits; comforteth che fences, and reco- 
vereth the fpeech, The diltilledwater, or Syrup, made of the flowers, work- 
eththe{ame effects thar the Root and Seed do, though more weakly. Take 
the Roots of Pioxy, and peel off the outward skins; take alfo Periwinckle 
leaves, amp and ftrain them withblack Cherry-water, and letthe Patient for 
three mornings faftinggdrin! agood draught thereof; bur if he mend not at 
three times, let him drink it longer. This Receit was approved by che Lady 
ages MS ites Salt 

ing “ di 

CHAP. 11 
Of Poppie. 

The Names. 



ye chriftened this 
b Be 0; 


the Paradife of Plants. aaa 

tedious. I fhall therefore defcribe only the ‘paling Poppy, the others being 
better known. 

The Forme, 7 

Spatling Poppy (which doth very little refemble any othet Pot py> but only 
_ the Seed,and Cod, or Bowle wherein the {eed is contained) hath divers weak 
tender ftalks, full of joynts, about a foot or half a yard long, utually lying on 
the ground, whereon grow many pale whitith green leaves,two alwayes let ro- 
gether at the joynts, one againft another ; having many times upon the leaves, 
but more often about the joynts of the ftalks, a certain white frorhy {ubftancey 
like unto thar is called Cuckow-fpittle, or Wood-leer:at the tops of theftalks 
npon many flender foor-ftalks, ftand divers whice lowers, compoted of five 
fmall leaves apeece, with adeep notch in the middle of every one of chem, 
ftanding in a thin loofe {tripped husk, wherein che black feed is afterward con- 

tained: the root iswhite, and fpreadeth inthe ground, continuing fundry  - 


The Place and Time. 

Many of the Garden-Poppies are to be found in Coyntry Gardens >, but the 
yellow horned. Poppie feorsih upon the {ands and banks of the Sea, neer un- 
py and Thanet, and in many osherplaces a- 

tween Pontfract and phil BN | + They begin flowring in A44y, ahd continue 
till the end of July: che teed oft 
except the {patling Poppy, perifh every year, and {pring again either of cheir 

own or others fowing, 

4 Pp Se rage ° : 
: sere te 

‘The Heads of the Poppies, with their Crowns do fontewhat repre the 
300d iuc= 

y Heads with the feeds, 
and weak, and fayeth 
head,into the flomacks 


¢ hi euete 
5? bare ree 

*) y 3 

7 0 

: —— bur that it is fo gathered 
uid be that which is ufed in Narcotick,Medicines, th 

Want Of i our Adeconinme (which is che juyce 

8 Adam in Eden , Or, 
weaker) is (ometimes ufed. Ir is an ingredient of much reipect in thole great 
Compofitions of Treacle and Adithridate, and in other Medicines that are 
made ro procure reltand fleep ; and to eale the pains of the head, as well as o- 
ther parts, or rather to palliate them, and make them infenfible for the time 
prefent; It is ufed alfo both tocool Inflammations, Agues, or Phrenfies, and 
generally for the fame‘occafions, asthe feed or any part of the Plantis; bur if 
aebe taken in too great a quantity, it canlechthe Lethargy, and fometimes kill- 
eth, and therefote it isco be ufed with cation inwardly: divers have found, 
that applyed tothe Gout,it hathgiven much eafe, and; put into hollow teeth 
ceafeth their pain. The Syrup of Adeconinum or Diacodium, which is made of 
the heads of white and black Poppies, a little after the heads are fallen off, may 
fafey be givento théfe which are troubled with hot and fharp Rhéwms:, buc not 
~ . to young Children which are froward ; for if Nurfes would keep their own bo~ 
dies temperate, their Children would fleep well enough withour it. Fhe Sy 


rup made of the Flowers of the red wilde Poppy, is with good effe& civemto | 

thofe which have a PJurifie,& the dryed Flowers alfo,either boyledin water,or 
made into Powder, and drunk either in the diltilled water of them, or in fome 
other drink, worketh the like effe&t: the fame alfo is available in all orher Ce- 
phalicall or Pectoral griefs. - The diftilled water of the {aid Flowers,is held to 
be of much good ufe againft furfeits, to drink ic evening and morning: ir is al- 
fo more cooling in quality, then any other Poppy, and therefore cannor bar be 
as effeStual in hor Agues, Phrenfies, and orher Inflammations, either inward 
or outward, bur che feed is dangerous to be ufed inwardly. ‘The Syrup afore= 
faid is hus made... Take of the fre[h Flowers or red Poppies two pound, big So 
r pound of warns Sprin the next da tpn boil it into a Syrmpy 
itsyand may be 

e, faid Galen and caufeth vomirings, faith 

“oe! - apg oo) a5 iofceri 
ken in Mead,or honyed water,and is efpeciall ‘good for thote that are t 

was in flower, which the Greeks called Swaépsaor, becanie it doth forefhew, as 

_ they conceived, the fuccefs of their love : For thefe Flowers, the tops beine 

cloted together with ones fingers; feem like liccle Bladders,which being broken 

againit ones other hand; make a noyfe like unto the Bladders of little Fithes, 
being broken: If they gave.a good report, they concluded, they fhould be fixc= 
mae 2 5 ee ently ler fall ’ ‘. . » 

een r 

rdayes be. 

Argemoné, or Battard wilde 
theeyes,'eafeth the Inflammation: 

ed Argema, whereof it took his 
sppeniceh OH th Diack ot semvey 

fans ‘fo fuperftitious were ‘thofe | 

erith ve Fallin Sicknetié Abwistthicheadol ‘chs Poppy ; abhue themes 

3 __ the Paradife of Plants. : 19 

CHAP. Iv. Nei 
Of Squallss oo ise ope 
The Names, 

T isealled by the Greeks oniare, and of fome Lagines allo Scilla; but ie 

calls ic Squillay whofe example makes it ro be focalled in the Stops dia 

vers call it Cepa maris, for the fimilicude it hath with an Ony: Eng 

Lifhit is called Squill, and Sea-Onyon, There is -a forede this which the 
Greeks call xevxga}ior, the Latines Pancratiam the Englills the white Sea-Daf= 
fodil, or Sea~Onyon, and of ome Narciffus Conft Ag of ocr S5t F 
morecallis ieee: and of the Turks, Confambach, ; Be 

The Kindes, hi: Bn Be 
Gerrard reckoneth up four forts hereof, 1. Squill or Sea-Onyon:> 2; $ea-O2 

nyon of /alentia, 3, Red flowred Sea-Daffodil. 4, Yellow flowred Sea- r 
dill. Every one of whichin ber ges calls eis acm tyke bas 


yt of Squi ey Omtbous,and hath divers Coats, or tealy ‘ae om 
gamers ike the ordinary Onyon: out of whichy as in Saffron, rhe ftalk 
ol {pring torch; then our of chat arifeth a white and yellow Blower, 
which being waxen old after many dagen It Pico, wee and broad. 
leaves, upheld PT, no foot-ttalk, many 0 of chem | lcovmieds the, 
Earth, fiz Sit att EF Fait, e 

} ; hak : The Place and Time, . tthe = L agttad Ts Sse oa: af oy 

“The ft (forthérie: it which Ihavedefetibed, sd teialieaiae setts 
cafion guint) 3 is joan poring in 1 Spain and d Italy, not far from t ion 

BEER Oe foes The Bot Sabon: Conf : 
i : R craliioess they flower from feat ge moi July; sede 

= Adam\in-kden, Or, 

fo do the feeds taken with Figgs ot Honey.” A Scale or twoof the green raw 
Roor, laidunder the Tongue quencheth the thirtt in the Dropfie : Being boy!- 
edin Vineger till it be tender, and ftamped, it cureth all venomous bitings, if’ 
it beapplyedtothem. Seeth theinner partan Oy! or Turpentine, and apply it 
to the chaps of the feet, kibedheels,:or hanging warts,and it healech them. The 
leaves do diffolve and wafte : the Kings-Evill and Kernels about the throat,be- 
ing laid thereunto, for the fpace of fourdayes, halfa dram of the Root roafted, 
baked, or (odden (for it may not be taken raw inwardly) is fufficient co be ta- ontewith Honey;for the Jaundies 5 che old.Congh, fhortnels’ of thie 
Windyand-enawinginthe body. Iris good for the griefs of the Sinews,Breaft, 
Lungsy.and.Joyntsyelpecialiy licked in wich Honey, ic maketh a clear voice. Ic 
helpeth the hardnels, {topping and {welling ofthe Milr, and. withflandeth Pa- 
ttefaction:in'the Body ; and cherefore.keepeth a man in health,and maketh his 
Body contihue in-young {tate, only itwill makea Manlean. Sanins, by the ule 
of the Vinegar of Sqwil/s, \ healthcill an hundred andieventeen 
yearsofage. If onetake icin the morning fa(ling, and walk half an hour after, 
it maketh the digeftion good, a lengwinde, a clear voice, an acute fight,a good 
colour, it fuffers no offenfive ching to remain in the Body:neither Wind,Flegm, 
Gholer; Melancholy; Dung; nor Urine : It brings forth filch, though it lieinthe - 
bones; and itakes away fale; and fowre belchings,though ‘he be.never fo intem- 
perate, as Galen faith : Jehelpeth'the Sciatica,and Apoplexy, breakech:and ex- 
pellech the Stone,and cleanfeth the «Matrix ; Being taken in the quantity ofa 
{poonful, ic docth away the Hickers. It is reported, that whereloever this Plane 
sroweth, it keepethits Neighbour-Plants from annoyance,and that whatfoever 
doorpotehiebenmry ofthetHonleicbe hung oves, ic keepeth the fame from all 

Witch=orate a: cery- Itha withat when the-Flow- 
es.of ithe Sea~Onyon be of 2 brownith colour, and do not foon fade away, tliat 
= on fhould.ufein ordering it;isthis. That is to be taken efpecially 
which is in the midft, which being cut in pieces, muft be boyled ; but thewwae 
cer {till to be changed, rill fuchtimeas,icis neither bitter nor fharp: then mut 
the pieces be hanged ona thred, fo that no one piece touch another, and dryed 

hadow, and being thus ordered; they will lata good while, . 

Ls ah 

oa z 


) Ser 
: _ Sy 
ae e: RREOG : ‘se ae ae Seis, a : 3 : . 3 cee . ; % p- rm . Sit? * : ae 
se beer mieds seo) ep p oys~ iT sha 
qisdebas wiw®te bese: SKS ee aS Fs 


“Of the Larch-Tree, with his Agarick 

mi His Tree is calledin Greck Ade, in Latine alfo Larix, in-Enetith 
« nDiavth-Tree, and of fome Larix-Tree, The Gears. called insGrezi 

dydpreor & ayapieG-, in Latine Agaricum & Agaricus ,and{o lik ewile 
in Shops. The I:alsans, Spaniards, and other ations, do imitate the 
ord, and wein Englith call iteAgarick, The Liqnid, Rozen, or Tur- 
4Venctin,in Engi(h, Turpentine; and Venice Turpen- 

the Paradife of Plants. | = 

ee a> 

and full of chaps, which being cut in funder is red within, but the bark amonglt 
the boughs is fmooth, flippery; andfomewliat white wichout:the branches 
erow one above another in acomely Order,having divers {mal yellow knobs or 
Bunches (er arfeveralldiftances,trom whence arile marty fmall leaves) rowing 
iiclutters thick together like rafsells, which fall’ away av the approach of Win- 
ter, and gain frefhrevery {pring;which is peculiar only tothis; Tree: ofall the 
Rofen bearing Trees. The bloffoms are very’ beautiful and ‘delectable, being 
ofan excelient fine Crimfon Colonr, and very {weet,which-afterwards turn in- 
£0 {mail {oft Cones, like unto Cypreffe Nuts: while they areclofe;buolonger 
then they;being made up of a multitude‘of thin Scalestike'léaves,under which 
ly “fmhall feeds having athin filme growing on them very liketo the wings <of 
Bees or Wa'lps: the fubltance’of the wood is very hard, of colour fémeéwhar 
réd; e(pecially that which ‘isin the middieyand very: profitable! for works -of 
Yong continuance. « Yerthat reportcthat the wood’ of the Larch Tree cannot 
be fec on fire is: fale; it béing preferred before all other wood, forall Satithes 
work, and for Miners co:melt the Ore of’ Mettal, becaufeir holdech: fire longelt 
and {tronge(t, by reafon of the’ Rofen charisin it.’ The*Agarick whichrow= 
eth on this Tree, is a kind’ of Mufhrome or !Excrefcence; not fuch: asisupon 

light, andin the firtt ratte fweetjhard< mp eciwhich is heavy, 
blackifh, containing in iclirele pines punted ‘pernicious: and 
deadly. The iigeasworen that procee ree; is very like in co- 
gurand’tbitance to the whiter honey, as that of Athens or Spain, which: not- 

With{tanding iffueth nor forth -ofic felf; buc runneciiour of the Stick ofthe 
Tree when it hath been bored to the very heart with a great and long Angur or 
Wimbie. Iciscommonly called Venice Turpentine; rhough the true Tur- 
pentine iffue fromthe tree Terebinthas, The figureofthis Larch Tree, with the 

x pee growing upon ic, you may fee lively reprelented either in-Gerrard-or 
Parrinton, iD toe PuAO ro? Sze Shewlsqsrs 

2 The Place and Time, ae etokl brat Teo isi f 

; "0 V9 23375 , SUT RIES Lista sOU 20 
~The Larch Tree eroweth in many woods about Tre#t, and Britiz: in Sealy, 
“anid neer the river Benac#s, and Padus, and in Galatiaa Province of Afia,as 
Diofcor ides and record, and in Agaria a coutitrey of Sarmatia,from 

whence the Agarick took the name ; in Silefia'alioy Moravia, Lafatia s-As the 
A garick is gathered in mott of thefe places, fo is the Turpentine, ‘but efpecial- 
ly from the woods about:Tren 

bout: Treat, Of allthe Conertees this only is foundwith 

out Jeaves inche Winter 3 imthe Spring;crow ‘frefh ‘Leaves’ out of the:fame 
knobs from: which se former did fall. “ The Cones ate to be-vathered before 
winter fo {oon as the:leaves are gone ;-for,afcer the! feales are loofe@and open- 
ed, andthe feeds drop away, The Roten: or Turpetttine isto bevarhered ia 
the horteit part of the Summer; and the: Agarick towardsthe later end of 
the year, burin November and December efpéciallye 8 10. Siw batter 
ia Ptah eee eels heh toe - 11a! tae FI 

Pe teh es 

eres : Z wets. «hee Gs ee 
= 4 emper > be a asa } se Tae 
pt : L ‘ Pines st ee ES A. 
ap, ri T wt ¢. és 
< St) toe - oe 

The Agarick is hot in the firlt deer seater, - 
keth thin, cleanfech, taketh away-obftrution 
and pu : n by ftool = Bt 

‘and either chat fhas 

s Wes ee SOAS 

= ‘ ec quate! BYY 

12 Adam in Eden, Or, 

SS * —* ? : 
+. Z tate! 

Re The Signature and Vertues, 

_Agarick, whole copped form. holds out the Signature of the Head »being 
boyled!in Lye wich other Cephalical helps, comforterth the brain and memory 
vety much 5 It is good for the giddineffe of che head ificbe wathed therewith, 
as aliotoftay the sheums and <atarrhs thereof, and cleanfeth ic much from 
fcurfeand Dandraffe,being taken with the {yrup of Vinegar, ic is eood againtt 
the pains-and fwimmings ofthe head, orthe fal ling ticknefs.» Ir purgeth 
phiegme Choler and: Melancholy from the Brain, Nerves,Muicles, Marrowof 
the Back; itcleaniech the Breatt, Lungs, Liver, Stomach, Spleen, Reins 5 
Womb; Joynts, it provokes Urine andthe Terms, kills Worms, helps pains in 
the Joynts and:cauierha good coiour: Ic is veryfeldom or never taken alone, 
becanie it doth {omewhat trouble che ftomach,and therefore J {hall er down 4 
receipror two, The firltisthe fyrup of Roles tolutive with Agarick. Take of 
Agarick cut thin an ounce, Ginger ewo drachms,Sal Gem. one drach. Polypo- 
dium brnited 2, ounces, fprinkle them wich white Wine, and fteep them two 
daies over warm Athes, in a pound anda half of the infufion of Damask Roles, 
and with two pound of Sugar boyl it inco a Syrup} Ie eureth the yellow Jaun- 
dies proceeding of obftruétions, and is a {ure remedy for Aguesandcold tha- 
kings ,which are caufed. of chick andcold humars: It purgeth phleeme from che 
Head; relieves the fenfes oppreffed by ir, it provokes che Terms in Women, it 
purgeth che ftomach and, Liver.and provokech Urine, Allthe aforefaid ver- 

ucs ateattrioued tothe Pills of Hiera wich papack, which are made as fol- 
oweth. Take of Species Hiera Pic ys Ag: Sach naltamounce, Aloes one 
egg ae fo much as is fufficient to make into a Maffe according ro 

his you may {afely take a{cruple at night going to bed, having ear 2 
light fupperthree hours before ; and youmay fafely go abour your bufineffe- 
the next day,for it will work very gently, and cheretore you may continueta> 
king ita week together, for at will noc work much the firlt rime, and confe- 
ly affeG little. Some give it only with Oxymel, which is a{yrup made 
with Vinegar and Honey, and fo it cureth all {orcs of Agues,either Tertians 
or Quoridians, eafeth the griping pains of the ftomach and belly, or fuch as 
have had falls or bruifes,or are buritem bellyed,all which aStions it chiefly per- 
formeth; by thofe-gro(s and virious humors thar trouble rhe parts, and 
embers.or the Body aibire caste ofall chef difeates, Iris good againtt 
morchere oForeath; the inyercrare congh of the Lungs, the Prifick, Confump- 
tion, endshole thar {pit blood ; Halfadrach, ortwa feruples being taken 

: : if ie oe 
» the powdero 
it doth woasetaliy 

= the Paradife of ‘Plants. 

ing ng and coniolidating then the Turpentine it felf, as alfoto warm acid eaie the 
patnes of the  Joynes “and Sinews caufed of Cold, and being mixed wich a litrle 
Oxe Gall, it is good for the worms, and deafnefs of che ears, The water which 
is diftilled with the Oy], isufed-for freckles.and fpots in the face; and a eruple 

tof ittakenin white Wine purgeth phlegme by Vomit : Some ulero 
mingle Bay Salt and Turpentine together, and therewith {pread a leathern girs 
die, which being worn about the wait of chem that have the Iech ‘cureth them: 
eee 2 Ripe sree for all manner of excrefcences by 

-_— ’ ’ ws 
‘ “ - parte oe : ers 2 pee 

Of Wood 'Betony. 

The ann, 

N Ome ofthe Greeks call ir Kisger?othe 
in cold places. Ruellins inhis rtanflatic 
Pfychétrophon ; the Latines call it 
a people of Spain, f 
in Engle nd ce Lit We a Bi : 

jeefredvertiteth, thac Vetowica and Beronica are diverfly raken 
Uthors : for Vetonica, although it be fet down in fome Authors for 
Betonica, yet more properly and ufwally it is underitood to bethe ; | 
or Gilliflower, and chen it is denominated Petonica alsilise. 3 

The Kinds, 

“ofthis Heicy Cor of he Water Babipt!t 

‘caufe 1¢ ls More appropriated co orher parts) ae 

ng one from another either in the ieafort to 
a Aide petple nats are Beton 

14 Adam ia Eden; 07; ° a 

Sseire suiod tn The Place and Time, ni2 br 

. The Common Betony loveth fhadowie places, as' Woods; hedg-rows; Cops 
fes, the borders of pattures, Parks, &c. . That withthe whivefower, is more 
ufnally found in ftiffe clay grounds then in any other mould, as in the VVoods 
by Brawley-in Kent,ina wood néar-a Village called Hampsteed, and in Broods- 
worth VVood. in Yorkeflure. . The third groweth onthe Alpes. of Helvetia, o 
Switzerland, The broad leaved or Danifh Betony groweth in che PhyfickGarden 
at Oxford. The latt, as Lugdunenfis faith, groweth inthe moift vallies thar are 
Shadowed with trees of the high hiils ; They flower and flowrith forthe moft 
partyin che moneths of June and Fu/y, and the feed ripeneth quickly after, 

Betony, though ic gtow wilde, yet it is fet in many Gardens, and is hot and 



fions, or fhrinking of the Sinews, the Gout, and thofe which are inclined unto 

Coughs or Colds, wheefing or fhortnefs of breath, and thole Ditiilacions upon 
the Lungs, which cauféConfumptions, A dram of it rakéen in the Syrap of 
doth wonderfully refreth thofe which are wearied by travel: it ftay- 
eth bleeding at the mouth and nofe, and helpeth chofethac piffe blood yor! {pie 
it. The Decogtion of it being made with Mead, and a little Penny-Royal, ‘is 
good for thofe that are troubled with Quartan. Agnes, and to draw dows and 
€vacuatethe blood and humours, chat by falling into the eyes,do hinder fight, 
Being boyled in Wine, and taken, it killechthe Worms, openeth obitruSions 
ef Spleen and Liver,cureth flitches and pains in the back orfides;the torments 
brntpgag oa 
ue forthem that aret with the falling down of the Mother, and. 
shsreor and cautech an cafie and {peedy delivery of Women inC ild-bireh : 4 
telpestvehe dy delivery n in Child-bi 

ae, Petit ali@ro break and expel rhe Stone, either in the Bladder or Kid : 
fae multe ais qua nunc per{ cribere longurs eff, + 


the Paradife of Plants. 15 


Of Sage. *. 
The Names, 3 

Ageis calledin Greek. Brtiicpayes, Thepale, ath-colonted, dey and.wis: 
thered deformity of the Leaves of Sage, efpecially on the dry and burnt 
Hills in the hot Countties, where it naturally groweth, was the Reafon 
why it was{o called, ic fgnifying {corched, or confumed, by blafting; 
 fortasaiZew doth fignifie iatorguere & contrahizro be drawn together, Pa ches may 
with it telf;and egéxs or sathercedsanss. doth fignifie that Difeafe in Plants’ 
dayes, through its extream heat, or otherwife Pierceth into-it, and drying: o 
fcorched, The Latines call it Salvia,guia faluos homines & incolames¢ fe ee 
caule it maketh them fafe and found inhealch, And hence it commerh. that 
in Schola Salerni, itis demanded, Gur moriater bomo;chi Salvia cre{cit in borta 8 
As who fhould fay, fuch is the.vertue-of Sage, thacif ie were poffible ould 
make a manimmortall : And’Sage in Enolifh, fromthe 
ing, and (trengtheningthe Headand <8 
- French word Saage, 

— = 4. - The ‘Kindes, 

ates _ 

4s £@) 


= Of Sage q finde ‘no leffe thena dozenfores. ue Our ordi Girdax 

which is fub-divided into two forts of party:colouted Sage, ‘the one 
green;the orher whitifh, red, and green; inmoft of theleaves. 2, Great’ 

with broad 

the moft parc flower in J#/y, yet {ome of them flower not until August; Allof 

them alfo do bear feed, except Pigge Sage, or Sagcof Vertue, which feldom 

or never bears any. | ee 
) The Temper aturez 

age is hot and dry in che third Degree, and iscommonly ufed in Sawces, as 
to ftiffe Veal, Pork, rofting Piggcs> and that for good caufe, for it dryeth up the 
fuperfluous moifture wherewith they abound, and ftirreth up appetite, and 
is fomewhac of a binding qualitie. ? 2s 

‘The Signature and Vertues, 

- ‘The leaves of Sage which look as if they were fcorched by blaftine, do by Sig- 
nature give help to chofe parts of a naetear that feem ribs ait ei je 
by fome blafting, in reftoring the natural heat and vigour co the part: in whicly 

ality inexcellech, siding phicisdlgrand tecietelit Comfort tothe Vital Spi- 
mits. This herb hath many rare properties, but three efpecially: which are 
sontainedin thefe following Verfés, TE 

.. . .« - Salvia confortat Nervos,manunngstremorens — 
di) Tollits- et ejus ope, febris acuta ugie 

Sage helpes the Nervesandjby its powerfull might, 
Palfies and Feavers {harp it pas to fight, Be 

Hip) Cf 
Ssenk Aan a 


in danas 

h Si: pains in 
warm with the de- 
be laid warme alfo 


the Paradsfe of Plants. ae 
Oo) one CHAR: VOL 

“Of Rofemary. 

The names, 

to. Frankincente, which theycall, AiCaros and usually the Epithite of 

svpxroqaneh is added thereunto which fignifies Coronaria in Latine, to 

diftinenith ic from the other , Aidardasdts which. are umbelliferons 
plants & grow only i inthe Gardens of "ecuarsitacas in Mr. Morgans Garden at 
Wefiminfter, &c. The Latines Rofmarinus, and Rofmarinum (Quaf Rofa mar i~ 
na according to tome) and fo do the fhops. The Garden Rofemary is called 
Rofmarinum Coronarinm,t the rather becaule Women haye beenaccuttomed to 
make Crowns and Garlands thereof, The flowers are eae rie ss * iEaxie 
and che compofition madé of them, Dianthos, | 

le ee ee epee 

f° He Greeks call ir, Ai¢asoris becaufe ic hath 2 (mell fomewhat like une 

> 4 

s Double Ac Rote ag ES Rolema: 
Gaxoty wit : emary. 7. Out wild Rofemary. 8. The Poets Rofe- 
nary Of th rde Srobe;lo called, becaule rhe people of Granado Mont elier,and the 

Redous of Rane ufe it in their Preflesand Wardrobes.and, call it Guare 

i: he’ Form, 

eid Garden Roletiaiy: he fo well rahi 
ae eferibe it, . Teas peing  planrot fo Mt beaiicy Ror wy ‘moet 
flcight it,as to let ix go without a delcription, It is 2. woody thrub growine of- 
tentimes to the height of three or four Cubits, efpecially when it is fecby « 
wall, and hath Sia a long rime; the Sremme e ifios efirm {ul 
fiance and whitith, br forch into fundry arms, and from i 
Peeping agrees sat the Joynts whereof. 
| te banda Rnbyaiag een above and inne 
what hard, ani k {pi > with 2 pleafane fweet ftr 

fll; snd with ems all along the Gali foward 5 diverting 
flowers, of a ale bles blew! n Colour ftanding in th ha rod i di 
{mall and of a colour heeween black Tt ted, but feldom < pear 

in England.endure the firft Winter without extraordinar 
1s ulually incrcaled DEAE 5 the flips thereof, soit 

The Place and Time,, - =. Sao: ed 

The Ordinary Rofemary, as alfo chat with ithe gilded Leaves are no Strang- 
ets here in England, for they are tobe found in molt Gardens, thought 
tural {oil be in France, Spaiz, and other hor Countries. Inthat part 
whichis called Provence, it groweth ofic {elf without fetting,andis 
acommon fuel. There isfo great of ic likewife in Spais 
Odour Jobo many times fmelt by pre Be the Ships that paffeby 
leagues oftfromthe Land. The shi and fourth , is found 
dens of Herbarifis, The fifth and fixth in Silefa ; 



called Mandfley. The laft groweth in great abundance, in Narbone£ pain, ack 
Italy, The firlt fowreth in April, and-Afayy\and fometime in Avgu 

avain, the others not untill eAuguff, except our wild Rofemary which 
flowereth in June and July, 

dry in che fecond degrees aitd’alfo'of an aftringére or 

compounded of diverfe parts, and'takingimore of rhe 

ete ot od ORR os A GE 8 

: againft all fluxes of blood: iris al good, efpecially the Sowers 

ghetollbe all inftinicied ofthe hesdand Brats, bait wed ot ivan. 

forthey dry the brain, quicken the fences and memory, and ftrenethen the 

_ finew part, It helperh all cold difeafes.of the Head, Stomach, Liver, and Belly, 

with its warming and comforting heat. To cleanfe and comfort the Stomach, 

and to make a {weer breath, ufe itinthis manner ; Take Rofema with the 
oWers or wichout,a handfullor more, eth ie in 
and put therero ifyou pleafe a little Cinamo 

drunk, and the temples bathed therewith. It is a remedy inefle in 
‘the Stomach or bowells, and expelleth ic powerfully, as alfo the Hypochon- 

=. ' 4 . 
fe oe wy 

the Paradife of Plants. Ig 


Of Lavander. 

The Names, 

Donbt very much, whether this Plant were at all known unto the Greci- 
ans, becaufe I cannot finde icin Diofcorides, or any ancient or modern 
“Greek Auth our to be fo much as mentioned,thongh I have (oughe diligent- 
ly for it. Ic is called in Latine Lavandula & Lavendula, and of fome Le- 
wanda guia lavacris experitur, becaufe it is ufedin Baths, and in wafhing of the 
hands tor the {weetneffe of the fmell. The ordinary great Lavender is called by 
Maz thiols Nardus-[palica, @ Pfeadonardus, Tragus calleth it Spica, & Nardus 
Germanica;but moftAuthours call che greater Lavendula,major O'mas,as they do 
the jefler, minor & femina, Iris by fome called Spikenard, becaule it giveth a 
favour; fomewhat like ro the true Spikenard; and by others, the female of this 
here is held co be Lavender, and Spske-the-male. t efit enh tage 


voloresohierrena Fas I faid t ore, that is,a greater aid 4 leffer, 
e@erthere be three forts, 1. Small Lavender or Spike, with purplifh 
owers, 2. Small white Lavender or Spike,with a whire Flower, 3. Jag- 

ved Lavender, : 
The Forme: 

Ordinary Garden Lavender hath a hard wooddy ftem, parted into many 
fmall brartches, whereon are fet whitifh, long and narrow leaves, by couples 
One¢ againit another, from among which, rife up.naked fquare ftalks, with two 
leaves at a joynt; and at che'tops, divers {mall husks ‘fanding round about 
them, formed in long round heads or fpikes, with blew: b gaping Flowers, 
{pringing ont of each ofthem : the root is wooddy, atid fpreadeth in the 
pate : the whole Plant is ofa ftrong fweet fmell, but « writ hend 5 jm , 

> aS allio Into 

20 Adam:in Eden, Or, 
of July, or the end of Fane, at the foonelt. It profpereth beit inan open and 
funny place, and if the earth be ftony, it sroweth the betrer. 

The Témperature. 

fie, and all other infirmities of che head, a = itthe Tempiessthe 
wafhed therewith: asthe 

lp rhe-Falling- 
refore. not without 

f the bod 

‘ cing cg 
. forward their travel The 

4 Oyl of Spike, is good for 
and of the feet, both taken at 


co a drops,being 

ba s z a 3 rj 
Or outward griefs, 
™ mn: 7 = * nf. 3 
Pon 2 SP ee ST i YY 
z os » 
adie 3h VOR i 
; ges, Besar t 
ig Oe ee 
e SARs ves t 
§ - 
oe id 
i : 2 

the Paradife of Plants. 21 

Of Marjerome. 

The names, 

Arjerome. is. called in Greek Zapu®oxor and Apspaxey, in Larine 

M Major anaya majori curd, wt aliqui. volvnt;Samp uchum allo, and Amaracus 

after the Greek: The caule of which nameis y ome Poets fuppofed ro 

be this, Amaracas the Son of Cizara, King of £yprus, having in his hand 

2 Box of moft fragrant Oyntment » by .amilchance fpilt it on the ground , the 

lofie whereof he rook fo impatiently, thac he did nothing but mourn for ic: in 

confidération of whole Parentage, and excellent Perfection, the. Gods in pitty 

did transform him into thar Herb, which is called Amaracas, after his name, 

which ftill retainech che fmell of the Oyntment which he {pile. Ic is called in 

Englith fweet. Marjerome, fine Marjerome, and WN Maniesosoe, Geatle., The Pes 
Marj jerome is.alfo called Winter Masicromtts chen ele ; Bailie 

cht Maa MeSreckOn Up are fix. 1, “The cndiaans 

wee cjé S arjerome Gentle. 3-W inter {weet Marjerome, 
 Wineer c er Mar jerome. _ 5: Yellow Marjerome, 6, wild.or Field 
Sirens. I hall, as moft eqnmnenly I do, eisai teed the firfk,. 

Ae mite meet At FSTSCE RG 

| The Forme. oa ates ne iilevil ada dys 

alerts TO FOAISIONS 2.98 anced s Shi Areata 

he ordinary Geeden Moccrege that is Soevciiliacke ape La Parnell 

ow Herb, fcarcely mounting abovea foor erect ea ; 

se and foft ronndith leaveson them, {me weer: at chi 

the Branches ftarid divers {mall long and-ronnd-feal jieudoetiey cnots¢ } 
fore of fome called knotted Marjerome)-“of 2 whitifh:gee nur,’ out’ 

Which comehere and there fall white Blowersy 20 nd afte - secttreth 

feed : the Root is compofed-of divers {mall rhreds orfiriaes, which perifherh 

with the whole Plante year. The whole Plant, and every part thereof, is 
of a moft pleafani 7 waseenatical Let _and by transplar : 

, Well drefled wich dry ¢ 25 1t proipere etter, somes io rong tht I¢ 
is commonly tie toa e coldness of the Winter, a: it be not neck 
nary. fb aberices . ne 

The Place 
Hine poms hadestit Og 
The foes rjerome iidéon the ainy and other 
places, es sgt Marjerditie in t Bar dérsiof Corn-fiel Mervin" 
fundry places of this Land, and particularly on fides the F ' 
léadeth from Stell to Mr. Corot xi Be plac 
Verulam ood +: d 

Creet and —- 

22 Adam in Eden, Or, 

ing and evening, yer it is belt for Adarjerome and Bafil to be. watered in the 
middle of the day, when the Sun fhineth hotteft, 

The Temperature andVertues, 

Our common {weet Marjeromeis hot and dry inthe fecond Degree, and 
ought robe gathered in the Summer when it floureth, which is commonly in 
Axguft,and atter dryedin a fhadowy place, and fo it willferve for a year. It is 
warm and comfortable incold Dileafes of the head, ftomack, finews, and other 
parts taken inwardly, orapplyed ontw ardly. Matthiolus taich, that it digett- 
eth, atrenuateth, openeth and ftrengthenerh, It comforteth the brain, openeth 
thettopping ofthe Members, takech away the Apoplexy; andthe Head wafhed 
an Lie made-ot it, doth caufe the grievous pain of the Head'toceale. The pow- 
der of it given in meat,ordrunk in Wine doth help the coldne(s of the fo- 
mack, and comforteth digeftion. And the dry leaves made into powder,mixed 
with Honey, and anointed upon any part; doth take away black and blew {pors 
of the skin, The Oyl made thereof is very warming, and‘ comfortable to the 
joynts which are ftifte; andthe Sinews'which are hard, to mollifie, fupple, and 
ftretch them forth, Ir helpeth che cold griefs of che womb, and rhe windinefte 
thereof, it comforceth the brain and Nerves; and helpeth che wearinels and dif= 
eafes of them, if they comeofcold: ic helps the dead Palfie, the back, (wiz, the 
Region along rhe Back-bone) being anointed with it, being {nuffed upinrhe — 
noile, it helps Spa/mus Cyxicus,which is a wrying the mouth afide:Ie helps noyte 
ifi'th heen Or em ;. it ptovokes the Terms, and helpeth the 
Dit! a" ga. ve . 7 yt to it ks ngthen the ra the 

ead-ach, the forehead beingrubbed with it- Allo this Heth hak 
the property of heating all che inward Members,it foftneth the Miltand ii. 
geththe fwelling thereof, The Decoction: of it doth help chofe'thar are be. 
ginning to fall intoaDropfie: chofe chat cannot make wearer, and the pains and 
tOrmer Bee eetiome: sedliedtrrce in afeeb rand cha apply 
edo the ftomack, doth rake away the pain and orieft ‘ pisind 
the Leaves {nifted up into the nofe, doth both cleanfe and heat the Ge ae ie 
fayeth’ Rheum, elpecially if it be mixed wich a little Ginger. Lafly, it isufed 
in aledoriferous Waters, Powders, &c.. and is.achief.. Ingtedient in mo of 
hofe Powde HA Barbers.ufe, in whofe Shops Lhave fen great fore of this 
me 1704 ba iii ¥i5¢ FO SOG 103 2: Joos eae 

ld are gi ee 72048 de ee a: 
ot gostensee vabietis es clone 
Bho gp tesiivs Sst t/ “flere 4 
st aes yume Ctesitigged pes csc : z ei. 
siD305SS 2M SOE (TBA! Or: ic |. Oy Sheba spbeearbate rs * 

4 * 
Paehy a eee 
1 es SS is 

“ ne xa i Fetes 
. ay Ba > : . & 
OF Primrofes, Cowflips; and 
av IO TAR PRS BY 2a tt eee ies Trt rz: erar a eseher 3S 
owls? bans ocike SB CORS=HLATESa:. =c, 
eran sto joyathem cogecher, in one Chapter lett 
onldextenditielicotoocreacaBulk, =< > 
CO°GO Met oo The Nam .: 

nfually called in Latine Primale Peris, becaule they arethe 
nthe Spring, of atleaft flower wich the frit; nay, fomeximes 

<P ay Tas 
EME eee 5 

the Paradife of Plants. 23 

they flourith.all winter,yif the'weather be calm, borh thefe and Gowflips are na- 


green Primrole.. 5, Field Cowlips-6-Fié pps-_ 7, Double Paicles, 
3. Cowflipps nwo ina hole, 9, white Bin ea Birdcine, 11. Yel- 
low Bearsear, 22, Purple Bears“emr.T3. F . 14. Scarlet Bears ear 

BinficolesrOd Bears car. 16. Bright red’Bearsear. 17. Scamel Bears ear. 

ts ttle white Bears ear. He thar defires to be’any better informed in thefe 
kinds of flowers; let him confult che Mafeuline, bur efpecially che Feminine 
Work of Mr. Parkinfon,who hath created more ‘Targely of them, There have 
been many forts alfo found out anid brought from beyond the Seas of lare daies: 
buc being no: very skilful Florift,1 defire ro be excufed for not mentioning of 

them. fhould proceed co the Defcriptions of the Ordinary fort of each, but be- 

canfe they are{o well known I fhall deferibe only the Bearsear, 

oe erage) ee 
aes eee eee eee eee Oo 
je. ee a3 “s 

< 2 “ “ : oe, arte, 
. - aed 
is ? ay r eae e 2. 
 % te Orie) ‘ fF aYs> “ Te ; a sie 
fycio ci? f e: poe a gh ee * z re = 
- ; z ° * = 
» es? «4 eee . 2 is" 
rf i 

- Bears-Ear is a beaiiriful and brave platit, having ereen, thick and fat leaves 

fomewhat finely {nipc about che edges, not altogether unlike thofe of Cowflips, 
but +greener, and nothing rough or crumpled ; among which arifeth 

up aflender round ftemme an handful highsbearinga tuft of flowers at the top, 
fometimes of a ycllow, fometimes — le orred, and fometimes ofa 
white colour, not mutch unlike co the @ %f Oxlippsy buc more open, and 

confifting of one onely Leaf like’ Cotilédon or Pennywort , the root 
is very threddy, and like unto the Oxelip, 

ope rd m7 4, ye aha, < = 
The Placeand Time, 

Primrofes and Cowllips | joy, moh in thad wy ; olaces, and therefore 2 
_ Sommonly found. in Woods and borders of fieldéneat tothe hedge fides. 

purple Primro‘e, the double Primrofe,the green Primrofe, chedo 
and rhe Cowflips two in a hofe are feldom teen but in: Gardens,. T 
White Birdeine do grow very plencifully in che Northern parts: 
1n Harwood near Blackburn in Lang Alhire, acCroshy, Ravenswaith, 
Clofe In Weffmor eland, and infome ot places. The Originall o 
«* came firit from the mountaines of German [ery 

Pyrentes, Sc. But the greateft variety hath ri 

24 - « Adam in Eden, Or) 

will flower qwice in the year, viz. in Aprilland May, and then againtin An 

guftand September, ifthe Autumne prove temperate and ‘moitty\t 

al are 
wrvgoe OF 

. ot) The Tempenatureand Vertis eqilivroD yi 

at Allof them are in Temperature dey, little or nothing hos, but afttingentjand 
are accounted as profitable for che paines‘of che headas any plant chat isjexcepe 
rtopy. Ney are excellence. good :againit any Joynt-aches,-asthe Paliy-and 
paines of the Sigews, astheic names do import. ‘c The decoction of the roots 
are good for the {tone imthe Kidneys and Bladder ; the. juyce of che leaves for 
members thatare Joofe and out of joynt, or, inward parts thacareth urt, rentyor 
broken. A drachm anda half of the dryed.roors of fiéld Primrofegathered itt 
the Autumne,purgerh by Vomit very forcibly (buc tafely) waterith humouts, 
choler a flegme, in {uch manneras.Afara badeadoth. “A: conferve made 
with the flowers of Cowflips and Sugar prevailech wonderfully againft the 
Palfy, Convulfions, Cramps and alt diteafés of the Sinews, if the quanrity ofa 
Nucmeg be caken every morning. Anoyntment made ofthe leaves, and Hogs 
grcale, healech wounds;andraketh away Spots, Wrinkles; and Sunburning, and 
odoththe diftilied wa er of the flowers ; As. idivexs Ladies, Gentlewomen 
and fhe Citizens, whether wives or widdows' know.well: enongh. The’ roots 
of Primrofe ftamped and firained,and the juyce fifted into the Note with ‘2 
quill, or fach like, purgerh che brain and qualifier. che pain ofthe Mesriin > An 
Oyntment made wich the Juice of Cowflips and oy! of Linieed, curerh ali feal- 
dings and burnines with fire or Otherwilc, The flowers of Primrofes 
K ils-healeth alfo che Al= 

InIZE t witl decoction 
AVES ane’ Mowers of Vrimroles boyled in Wine and drunkare 
nal difeafes of the Breaftand Lungs jand will draw’any thorn 
ne out of the flefh, The Bears eares according totheir name Sa~ 
“poesrial for healing then the former, 2s aif for the Palfy and 

Ce enterocele, if for fome.reafonable fpace it be pur in drinks, ‘or 
od BY | . The roors alfo of Bears-ears are in .gteat requeft among(t 
thofé that ufe ro hunt after Goats and Robucks upon the Alpes and hich moun- 
tains;and for the ttrengchening of the head then when they paffe by fearful pre- 
cipices and {teep places in following their came, chat Giddineffe and {wim- 




" See Fra Pe Fe 
San hoon on 

= 4 - Po 
"36 Fh gatdyy = Yh: 3 oes Pewot ST: 
as oo 8s se te ¥ <a . +s 3 
r . ¥ J 
ot en eal is ons ie Rhee el : wii 
int CRT Se Sey Oe so ss 6S ros ahs : = 
a . Re ots z. 7 ah » a oe. 
¥ SSR POR. fe ot tO aS Be 5 oe TE 
7 ‘ ' ee ae 
3} Of the I Ally of the Valt Bee INOI CS ~ 
: . page A eiv&y Vv. a $e 
a: SS) + HCN eRe so ft S:40.7 Pe tek ; ; 
° . Oe dice : — “3 
5 Q 


i a 


ati s €>3ET 

The ‘Names, 

it Lilium Convallium , Ge{ner doth think it 
_At iscalled in Englifh,Lilly of the Vally,orthe 
Lillies; Wood Lillies, and in fome ‘places, Livi- 
J. Eufchius Saithsthat Ephemernm non Letha- 

Lilly lind burtwosores, 5 LillysConyally with white flowers: =. 
siyonvally with red flowers, 9 ny 45 ~ Sees 

the Paradife of Plants, 

The Forme, 


The Lilly ofthe Valley hath leaves, fomewhat like unto other whire 
Lillies, or rather like unto the leaves ofthe {malteftwacer Planrain, amone 
which doth a flender and {mall {talk fpring up; in che rop of which grow forth 
lictle {mall white flowers like lictle bells, with rurned edges, and ofa pleafanre 
{mell; which being patt there come {mall red berries, much like rhe pertics of 
Afparagus, wherein the feedjis contained: The root is {mall an Tender, 
creeping farre abroad in the ground, =” Be cA 

The Place and Time,” | ud 330 see 

Te groweth plentifully upon Ham/fead-heath four miles fromLondon near 
to Lee in Effex; and on Bufhy heath chitceen miles from Londony-in Ba ly wood 
whichis two or three miles from Oxford, not far fromthe way cb Biagln, 
and many other places; in vallies, and.on the fidesof hills. For ‘itserear <om- 
modity and beauty, icis brought and planted in Gardens where it profpereth 
beft, afir be fet in a moilt ground, and thadewy ‘place,y'> Je“ flonreth 

in May, and the: fruit is ripe in September, w0ied 

i id -arfenOd a1! adit epae: alee 
| The Temperature ind Vertes °° il 
The Lillies of che Vz lley ar tne aind de-Ge Abr ding —— 

rardand Sennertus se ints th,thac they are cold 


: >’ ‘ rage By elps inf as z 
_ ons, there is alfo chat infirmity which is called thePin and Web. The flowers 

ba sa 

helpeth the Impoftume in the hinder 



go RR 

ad im 7 Eden; OF, 
CHAP. Xm. 
Of Miffelto. 

ee § a re .. Ihe Names. 

=“ He laft thing that I thal treat of as aeaseni reed to nil e dileates ofthe 
‘Brain, as the Falling Sickneffe, Apoplexy; Palty,. gc. ‘is Adisfelra, 
whichiscalled, by Diofcorides, and fo is the Birdlime made there- 
of; but Theophrastus calls iv, ‘who. faith alio thar in Evbaaicis 
called Stelisand in Arcadia, H 'yphear, In Latine it is called Vifcus and V:/cuss, 

and (o-d8-alfo the Birdlime made ofthe Berties, “Jon the Poer call it Sedor 

Quercus; Becaufeit groweth on Trees from cheir own fuperfluous: moitture, 
_and.notas dome falfely fuppofe from the dunging of chole Blackbirds or rather 
_ Thrufhes.which ‘have eaten the Berries hereof, fo the feeds have been made 
fircer to grow. For iris fihee found by Experience, that there is no thew of 
feedin chat dung they void upon the Trees, or elfewhere,it being wholly alte-' 
red in their bellies before the soiding ; And further the Mifelto-doch not al- 
waies grow upon the boughs, but fometimes from beneath them,where it is 
_-impofhi ble that either any birdcan dung, or any. of chefeed come thither,by any 
Rae means ; And theretore he miftook thac{aid, Twrdus tibi cacat t malum, 
Sy ad eiibio> 


ts a 
Pe eee aa re 

Th — of Afi RISE aes yoo F am pe ats ihe ‘ _ fs 
fo ithfow wapaimay este Bebe: Miele of ina, 3 Mifilios 
ffon 2 oft ere Sts SEOs E ie tn 3 ‘ ; 22 
s. cant 4 ie nS rear The Forme, 

ee * 

Jitters. an ea can me fromthe branch ¢ or arm ofthe Tree where= 
as + 
piles a woody ttemime, parting it {elf inco: fundry branches, and 
they 7 Peracne gain into many orher {maller.cwigs overthware one another, 
do wrap and inter laceone within anorhers the bark of ic is of alight or :Popie~ 
jAyn.2 giee pena the leaves are ofa brownith green colour, which' 3 
t by.cwa et d.two acevery Joyneor Seong we ERE likewife, are’ fome- 
narrow. Se pero inde ay broader towards theend: Ac 
7 eanes 0 rhe boughs.ofthe: branches grow {mall yellowith 
chute into{mall.white: toned: berries, which are {o clear:thara 
hrongt them, and.are full of clammy or Vifcous! moiftrre, 
is.made, fare exceedingtharwhich is made of Hol- 
B berry. arepteetnetio: keckermell or feedy which 
cen BFQ ya aces, newas never eck 
SAgROW itd soe on BOOGIE os F sot s blo = Seiten 
i ghee bedahie tobarss 8.3 PRbas toccct to air Lee. haar! 
Eoal qietd ody ty fish Haigaatthe Place aid Tame, AS SIMON 3207. Re OP hast: 
; fe Jos ote ee tebe: a: tt om: stnk savatree Stor, 
- growerk upon Apple-Trces Rear-Ttees, Grab-Treesiand 
| a dive: A = ahr Nec some thaw: which 
>} Thac.w les'growerk: 
&c. Siecle the Welt»Indiesa.‘T bee leesletifias faith, that 
olech the leaves im Winter, if; it grow. omthote T reesithar {hed 
Roaiawhctaghies s oebansoa as. etic 


the Paradife of Planis. 29 | 

the one, which the other wanreth; - but: Experience fhewech,. that it keepeth 
the Leaves frefh and green in the Winter, when the Trees whereon they grows 
have not any of cheir own left on chem; in chele patts of Evnrope generally. Or- 
dinary A4:felro fowreth inthe Spring; butthe Berries are por ripe untill Offe- 
ber, and abide on che Branches all the Winter, unlets the Thrujhesand other » 
Birds devourthem. It 1s one of rhofechings wherewith Countrey. péop\e a 
dorn their houles at Christmas, andis celebrated in-chis old Caroll,,..- 


Holly, and Ivy, Mifelto, 
Give me a red Apple, and let mz go, Sc. 

The Temperature. 

Afifeltois hot and dry inthe third Degree, the.Leayes_and Berries do heat 
and dry; and are of fable parts, for fome acriniony is in'them, which 0 ercom- 
meth the bitcernets, che Bird-lime dotli mollifie hard knots, &e. which is not 
of that property, as to heat fuddenly, but after (ome time as Thapfa doth: 

The Signature ana Vert ues. 

Crollizs faith, that Afifelto of the Oak,and rhe Bird-lime 
is very efedctual for the curing of ‘knefs, and 

a Sar” ast $924 re — 
Pia , ey ofthe Birdelime, reprefenting 

.thofe melanchok pasa phlesmatick humours, conlitting of tough and clammy 

ime by which tr is canted, or elfeas Bird-lime. doth derain, whatfoever it fa- 
s to, {o this Difeafe ceafing upon the Body, as the Remora doth upon a Ship, 
will {uffer ic to go ho further, but maketh ic co fall down, But fome queltion 
may arife concerning the Application of che Bird-lime, whether it isco be tz 
ken inwardly, or ufed outwardly, becaule Gerrard {aich, 4f it be inwardly ta- 
ken, it is mortall, and bringeth moft.grievous accidents, as that it fhould make 
the congue to be inflamed and fwolne, the mindetobe diftrated, and the 

ftrengthrof the heart and.wics to faily’ quoting Nieeuders, ag] ofe-for his 
aatsoetssHithesnbe any inch ajilaatianaanaghins init, it ieee - 
‘lone ;. for Lnor only conceive, that rollins meant it fho ald bestale 
Ravi Saeospleicellert pata rteds oe worhy PhyGrian, Mr, Briel, vo be 
taken in Pills after this marines REO PRK les qt Seedsand Roots of Pis- 
"ny ana © ounce, Nutmeg t.ounce.of Anifeeds 1,oun.Sacchar’ bagloffat?z.ounces. 
in everyPall 1. ounce. And therefore. it it be corre&ed with other Ingredients, 
_there is no fuch great danger as Gerrard reporteth. MEIGS Cr epee 
2° The next’ will be; whether the Adigelee:6f-orlier Trees, ibe origt as 
rails ay; one doe « f:Phyfici- 
. Oaks; a Olt Vern ye - 
“affitms ich growe ace Prevalene naeere 5 order. 
round mi Foe 2 

ae: io 






“pon his own experience. 

+ - a ; be . # o i ca 
that they have called it Ligaum wow believing it co h t 

pei npoplery and Palfie, very pe ily, not only to. 


necks; and fome Women h 


2.8 Adam in Eden, Or, 
freth Wood of any Mi igelto bruifed, andthe juyce drawn forth, and dropped 
‘into the Ears, that have Impofthumes'inthem, doth help and eafe them within 
a few dayes. The Bird-lime mollifteth hard knots, tumors, and Impotthumes, 
tipenerh anddifenffech chem, and:draweth forth thick aswell as chin humours, 
‘from che remote places of the Body, digefling chem; arid feparacing them, and 

> mixed with equall parts of Rofinand W ax, 1. mollifierh the shardakts Of 

the Spleen, and healeth old Ulcers and Sores; with Sandatack and Orpment, ic 

‘draweth off font — efpecially if quick Lime, and the Lees of Wine be added 




Of ek the Quince-Tree. 

oak ; The Nabi?" 

Aving handled feverall Plants lea are sopropriatéd to the Head, 

fome t by Signature, and fome without, I fhall now write of atew" 

which cure the Difeafes of rhe Hait, as Alopecia, Ophiafi fs, &c. beoin- 

ning with the Quince-Ttee, whichis calledin Greek: Kodine: era 

i : dona e Cosinea, Ie beareth rhe Nameof Malas Cyds- 

2 At Was broughe fick from 

d Colour. 3, Mufiea E. Eaiyons bit, borane 
Ac on omc 

tofe ofthe Apples Frees hardens gee 
nder'fide;! not eae azall a thc edger the. Flowers 
radia caet bina nina erie bs 

| the Paradife of Plants. | #6 

eb nor, unleis the place where it groweth be fomewhat moytft. It fowreth nor 
till afterthe leaves put forth, and thatisabour the end of A@arch, or the be~. 
vinning of April : che fruit 1s commonly ripe about the beginning of Oftaber, 

The Temperatures . 

Quinces have a cold and earthy faculty in them,and by reafon of their great 

binding, chey moyften the body leffe cherorher fruits; for they arecoldinthe . 

firtt, and dry inthe fecond degree. When they are green, they help all forts of | 
Fluxes in Manor Woman, and whatfoever needeth attrition, 


The Signature and Vertues, 

The Down of Quinces doth in fome fort refemble thehair of the Head, the 

Decostion whereof is véry effectual tor theretoring of Hair char is fallen off 
by the French Pox, and being made up with Wax, and laid on asa Piatter, it 
bringeth Hair tothem that are bald, atid keepeth it from falling, if it be ready 
cofhed: Ithealeth Plague-fores, if it be boyled in Wine, and applyé them, | 
The Syrup of the Juyce of Quinces ttrengthens the heart ahd {tomact 
Joofnefs and vomiting, relieves languifhing Nature: for loofne 

Aull of it before meat, for vomiting aftermeat; for 
taken in the morningyand f tb 

- 2 & Fe 

ver allo, when iristo.9 

with a lit 


50 Xa | “Adami in Eden; Or, 

= <P : ve : CHAP. xy. : ee 
ae = Grahdofes., 

: ty im ah to any one that confidereth not owr Method, sbi we ¢ frontal 
| hee deviate fromthe common Roads which other Herbaritts ufe to trace; as 
. treat of the Quince-Tree and Mofles next to o72anothery.thete being in 
» their Opinion fo little Similitude between them, Yet becaufeit cures the D; f= 
bales of the Hair,as the former doth;and dotha litele aiiewtle the Down growing on 
fers 3 = — it next : 


The Names, 3 

_ Molin gener iscalledin Greek Bevor aside sender; thi in tie Attick 

phagnum & Hypnxm ; and Pliny thereupon in one place calleth i irin 

The Bryon & Sp o Sphagnum, and in another Place, Sphagnos, ive Phacos frve 

Bryon ; but itis in Latine ufually called Mufcus, and properly becokeneth ary 

- Herb that is compoled of hairs or thred, inttead of Leaves ; ‘the: Arabians and 

“Apothecaries call it U/nea. The Greeks; which teldom:gave anything a name, 
without a Realon, ¢ becaufe it gi ivetheale to the Entrails, © 

"The Sorts of the are very numerous: Parkinfon téckons upthirr 
_of them in feverall Chapters. Ic would be fomewhat tedious; ado lir 
‘pole, to repeat them all; I thal therefore for brevity fakes fer:.down: ‘thofe 
‘which I finde to be nfeful, and. and let the reft alone ; nae es Ourcommon 
round-Moffe, 2. Cupp-Mofle. 3. Club-Mofle.. | 
Mofile, 6. Moffe of Ag ew 
Mauch as the Clab-) 

Claw } jhich se A ws veer 
h clole upon the ground, among:B Buthes: fe 
foor, conbiting asvit 

ery clof 

an! folefeietae’ 
ferve anitead Pei — 4 
} 2 which of pring al fer Branches, 

ings of the Hacel< in fhape like a litrle C] Clu 

een = its = which - 
ore: ne * 
bin dleter ica = nor Flow- 
The Places and Time, 

. ‘common Moffe grow ai dais jai on oe ge 
) — and istledin {lating of houtes, i ~ Couns *TheCup 


the Paradife of Plants. 31, 


or Callice Moffe which Lobel calls Adufcus, Pixidatus,creepeth upon rhe ground 
like unto Liverwort, but of a yellowifhwhice colour, from whote Leaves ftart 
up things like unto little Cups, and groweth inthe molt barren, dry, and gra- 
velly Ditch Banks,particularly in a Ditch,neer a houte formerly called Stockers: 
houte, in Stow-Wood, about three miles from Oxford, by the way fide, go: 
thence ro J/lip, and fometimes upon old Pales,. as upon the School-houte 
Pales at Adderbury in Oxfordhire. The Club-Moffe groweth upon Hamfteed 
Heath, among the Bufhes and Brakes neer a little Cottage there. Oak-mofleis 
found in many Forrefts and Woods inthisLand; but the Jaft which is the 
Moffe of a dead Mans Skull is oftner brought out of Jre/axd, then’ found with. 
Us. ._ They are moft ufually growing, and in their perfection inthe Summer- 
time, bg | , . ak. 
Wr torte fe as The Temperature; 

The Moffes of che Earth are dry, and aftringent of a binding quality, without 
any heatorcold. Thofe of the Trees cool, and binde, and do much partake; 
of the nature of rhe Tree, from whence it is taken: as that of the Oak to be: 
more binding then chofe of the Cedar, Larch- Ivy, &oi' and Fir tobe motedi- — 
getting and mollitying, “eat x at ae aap 

ish 19 The SignatureandVertues, Pg 5 

J ‘ ; = ie Hi s aes i J 

A DecoStion ofthe long Moffle thar h nes sie : q ree 530 3 m2: 7 36 TK ; > 

2 . e te — od 7 oP we 5 ws Dae, a 7 ‘. r x, 

is very be uled in rhe falling off of thet prada { 
oife is he ular good to'break. 

to be fing 

Signature Thee Om non-gre unc it 10 ry f . 
the Stone, -andcovexpell anc drive it forth by Urine, béine boyled in Wine, 

and deunk. “The Herb bruifed and boyled in water, and then applyed roany 
Tnflammations, or pains,rifing from a hor cause, doth allay and eafe them;and ' 
therefore they doapply irtothe hor Gout, to allay'the’pains thereof: ‘The Cup: 
Moffe is chought to bea fingular Remedy againft the Falling-Sicktiels} arid rhe 
Chin-Cough in Chitdren, ifit be powdered; and theri'giverin feet Wine for 
certain dayestogether. The Club-Mofie hung ina Veflel of Wines that hath: 
loft rhe vigour and vertue, that floaterh, and-is beconie flimy,’ reltoreth it to its 

former goodnefs,. if the quantity thereof be antwerable’to the bigriefs*of the 
Veffel, whereupon Brunfel Gus hath called it Weim Kraut; the Wit e-Herb. The 
Moffe of Trees, efpecially ofithe. Oak, is of good uleandiefedt ftay’ Fluxes 

and.Lasks in-Manor Woman: as alfo vomitings'and bleediies, {pitting a 
blood, piffing of blood, the Tearms,and the Bloody Flux; if the powder rhere- 
of be boyled in Wineand:drunk, The Decostion thereof in Wine is very good" 
for Women to be bathed with, orto fic in; rhat are troubled wich’ mundarite 
of their Courfes: ‘the fame alfodrunk, ‘doth ftayy the tr bhled'Se rate 
troubled stom om 

ble foggie Drophie, if the Powder théreot be raken 

patheticum, or Wea 
on; in the com 


32 .» Adam in Eden, 67; 

as Cro/li#s hath it, it fhould be taken from the Skulls of cho‘e which have: peri- 
fhed by. a-violent death. wie ong 

epee ars -CHAP. XVI. 
~~ Of Maidenhair. 

Hough the Learned Herbarifts make a diftin@ion between, « fdidn- 

tum,Ruta Muraria,Trichomanes and Polytrichon Apuleiis and therefore 

have treated of them in divers Chapters, yer defiring to be as brief as 

= conveniently I may, and becaufe they areall Capillary herbs, and 

may becomprehended under the title ‘ of Maidenhair, 1 thal make but one 
Chapterofthem. =<) 1... err! 3 noM-! 

in Latine Adiantum, Polytrichum, Catlitrichum, Cincinnalis,’ Terr 4C apil (aia; aa 
Supercilinm Terra;of Apuleius Capillus Veneris, Capillaris, Crinita 3 and of divers, 
Coriandrum Purei; The Italians keep the nameof Capillus Veneris, andio do 
the Shops; In Englifh,Black Maidenhair, and Venus hair; and by tome, our La- 
dieshair... Some think it tobe called eAdiaurum becaule.§ dtadenrit s\dintes 
wets but falfly, for if it bedippe in. Water it will be wer. Others think, that 
: 8 the siflide oftimmediately leas 

ocalled be- 


lytrichon, ofthe effek 


delete ” 
Be OP aay 


The Form, 

Common Englith Maidenhair doth from a number of ard black Fibres fend 

forth a: great many blackifh fhining brittle {talks hardly a {pan long, in many 

not half{o long, fet on each fide very thick, with {mall round dark: green leayes 

one againft another and {potted onthe back of them like Ceterach and ather 

{mall Ferns. ae 

; The Place and Time. 

Some have reported the firftto be found in Glofter{hire, but I doubt it: Wall 
Rue is found at Dartford, and the bridge at Afhfordin Kent, at Beaconsfeild in 
Buckinghamfhire, at Wolleyin Hentingtonfhire, on Framingham Cattle in Suffolk, 
onthe Church wall ac AZapfeild in Sufex, and in divers other places. Englifh 
Maidenhair groweth much upon old {tone Walles in the weftern parts, Wales 
and Kent, but particularly upon New Colledge Wallin Oxford, on the Garden 
~ ‘Wall which was formerly Mr. Bu/fards next to-Adderbury Chutch yard, and 
upona wall nearco Goreham berryin Harefordfhire. At joyeth likewile to crow 
by Springs and Wells, and other rocky moift and eter places ; They are 
green in Winter as well as Summer, bur never flowér chat knowofK 

‘ ee ee 
ae ee ree cme Se 8 | 
Te eee cer 
ener r “& pag: ers 

inpasGaterteftifeth doth dry, make thin, watt away, and 
inameambetween heat and coldneffe.' Ade(we fheweth thar it confitteth of 
~anlike or dilacreeing parts, and that fome are warerie and earthy, andthe (ame 

inding,and another. fuperficially hot andthin.:’ And that by this it taketh 
away obftructions or {toppings maketh things thinthat are chick;loofeneth the 
belly; efpecially when ie istrefh and green: for asthis part isthiny fo isit 
quickly retolved and that by reafon of its binding and earchy parts, Wall Rue 
and the reft are not much unlike to this in temperature and f oS 


‘the Paradife of Plants. : 33 


1m jam inden, Or, 

~ witha little Salt Peter, and the Urine of a young Cnild, taketh away the fhri- 
velled wrincklings that appear on Womens Bellies after their deliverance, if 
‘it be wafhed therewith. So much for thofe Plants chat cure the Dileafes of the 
Hair, to which I might add Thapfia, Aloes, Millefolium aquaticum, or water- 
Millfole,gc, which becaule they ate forraigners,and more appropriate to other 
parts, I forbear in this place, ; “ 


Of Fennel. 

| Cc Ome we now from the Hair co the Eyes, and inthe firt place trear of h if 
“five things, which Schola Salerni commendeth foe the Eyes, in thle 

ys Feniculus,Verbema, Rofa,Chelidonia, Ruta: 

: The firft whereof is Fennel, 
a The Names, 


. dryed and ithered 

1. Common Fennel. 2, Sweet Fennel. : ; Sail comet. , WildeF a L 
Great Fennel of Candy. 6. Great roand-headed Fennel The common Fene 
Uy knolwn; | (hall chute rather'to-delctibe che fweet Fennel, : 

- : ; » ICI 
Nai 1 OL OV 
laws = . é 

“the Paradile of Plans. 3. 

The Place and Time; 

Some of thefe forts of Fennel grow in hot Countriessas Italy; Spain, Candy, 
&c.and fome of them are fowen in Gardens amongitus, though the Climate 
alcereth even the be(tand {weeteft. The common: fort flowreth in Juneand 
July, and the Seed is ripe inthe end of Auguft, buc the range forts donor 
perfest their Seed, unleis che year be-kindly. It is tobe {owen in-the end of 
February, and that in funny places; and fomewhat ftony, 6 

OT HET bniperatyre 2 20 So ato 

There be different opinions concerning the rem petature of this Planr.One 
faith, icis hor and dry in the fecond degree; but moft affirm it to be tin che 
third, and. dry only in the firit, Gerardiaith, chat the Seed is hor, and) dryin 
the third Degree, ee: : 

tT «6pSll 

4d “The Vertue. ws ae 
The diftilled water of Fennel dropped into the Eyes, clenfe them from all 
enormities rifing therein ;) butthe condenfare J uyce diffolved, or as fome take 
ic, the natural Juyce or Gum that iffueth outrhereof, of its own accord in hot 
Countries, doth cleanfe the Eyes from milts and films that hinder the Eye- 
fight : Some forth fe ra egreentialks of Fennel, and holding them 
co the fire in Aurumme* ey are green, caufe a certain Juyce or Liquor 
to dropfromehem, which chey apply to the Eyes, as holding it tobé more ef- 
feétiall, then either rhe condenfate dice, ornaturallGum, And fome ee 
more neatly make a water to clear the Eye-fehr in this manner: ‘They powder 
fome white Sugat ra Me finely, and pur thac’ Powder into the hollow 
green ftalk of Fennel, while it groweth a footabove the'ground, “fo thatoir be 

tween two joynts, which having remained therein two-6 three dayes, anid 
the hole hash f and bound clofe over, that no rain get in, they open ‘teat the 
Tower joynt, having firft placed a good peece of foft wax,‘ made: #litelé hollow, 
gutter-wile, under the hole, which may fervé to catry thelliqtior from falling 
down che ftalk into.a Veffel, or ching fet of purpofe, thereto to receive fei Nei- 
theris it only good for the Eys, but for many other ules, “It istifedto tay upon 
Fifh, and other vifcons meats, to digeft che crude Phlegmatick quality thefeof, 
‘and to boil ic with them, an the feed is oftentimes put in bread to break wind, 
and to make along breath.’ Ic ptovokerh Urine, and eaféth the pains of the 
Stone,and helpsto break it, and being boyledin Barley water, and drunk, iris 
good for Nuries, to ‘iereaitbabsedtt. 20d to make it rhe wholfomer for their 
Nurie-Children, The leaves'boyled in water, buc much more the feed ftayeth: 
the Hickock, and taketh away that loathin: which often happeneth to rhetto- 
macks of fick or feavourifh perfons, and aflayeth the ‘heat thereof. The feed 
boyledin Wine, is good forthem that are bitten by Serpents, or have eaten 
poyfonous Herbs, or Mufhromes; the Seed and rhe Root much more helpeth to 
open the obftructions of the Liver, Spleen, and Gall, and thereby much con- 
_duceth to all the Difeates arifing from them,as the painful and windy {wellit 
ofthe Spleen, aad yellow Jaundies, as alforhe Gout and Cramp. The feed iso 
-good ule in pettorall Medicines, and tHole Which help the (horedel 
‘Breach, and whectings by obtrudtions of theLings, it helpeth alo eo'béin 

~down the Courles, and to cleanfe the parts after delivery. The B 
ft ufe in Phyfick Drinks and Brorhs, that are taken to tlea 
en the obftructions of the Liver, to provoke Urine, ro aménde 

_er.complexion in the face, after long ficknels, and to caule good 

it E ; 

r,-and a 

e208 S 

er * : f 

36 Adam in Eden, Or, 

good habit throughout the whole body. Fennell both Leaves and Seeds or 

- Toors; are much ufed in drinks and broths, for thole that are grown fatro abate 
heir unweldineffe, and make them more gauncandlank, The {weer Fennel 
by reafon of its fweetnefle is much weaker thenthe ordinary, which is betcer 
for allthe Phyficall purpotes aforefaid; And:theretorc they do but deceive 
themfelves ana others thac nfethe fiveer. Fennel: Seed, in-compofitions as 
thinking iv better; when as it is tmuchweakerby want of rhe birrerneffe which 
4s moftoperative. The Jnyce killechthe-worms»in the ears, tf ic be dropped 
therein. The wild Fennel is {trongerand horrerithen the tame, and therefore 
more powerfull againft che ftone, bur not {0 effectual to increate milk, becaufe 
ofitsdrynefs. . Let them chatlivein thofe.Countryes where there be any 

- Serpents or Snakes, have a care chey wah their Fennel before they ufe ic: be- 
‘eante they delight much'to be-among(t it; iris thought that they make ufe of ic 
- topreferve their Eyefight. Fennel roots are one: of the five opening roots + 
the other four being Smallage,A/paragus, Parfly,Knecholly or Butchersbroom, 

called in Latine, Rufcus Brufcus 2318 ord 


Sees Bate POCA AueDe 
oD omales 30 Seo sie eee eae 
aesil OG 2 The amet | 

sd ize) Rieter t... For Epslicat 
herbs: as lay there 


ett sie ere “~~ — 
(£8) Bis tCr = es 9 
i “a i 


the Paradife of Plants. eS 
bei g {mall and gaping, ofa whitith colour, and fome Purple fee blew incer- 
eee afeeryehich Ping fmall-round hae mall; me Joiniewhit long heads? 
the Rooris imal and long,’ but of no ules” | Nib , 

<The Placerand Tim, 

The Fic sroweth generally throughout die bind Sap ethic prices Hy fs 5 
Hedges and way fides, eipecially, in ‘ahdimeer unto Towns and Villages: ‘The 
fecond is not found to gtow naturally-imour Land, though Gerrard faith fo fot 
it will not endure fo much Winter, as co feed with us‘: ‘the third is a nacurall 
of che W. eft-Indies, and the laftof Naples; yer. to be found no’ doubr in the 
Summer, in the Gardens of, fome of ounexattelt Herbarifts, The fititfowreth 
in Jaly, and the Seedis ripe foon after, and fo doth the laft fometimes; but the 
other not flowring till towards Winter, cannot in chefe cold Countries, bring 
its feed roperfeStion; for-in che natural! places it fowreth not untill the end 
of J#ly, and in n eAngnf. 

: The Ti eniphrature, abit 

Vervein is hot and dry, bitter and. title, andisan opener of obfiruaions, 
cleanfeth and healeth. wat, 

The: - oe and Lscoie ol 

bit ome & ~pebestontaa the. ye. Ore no fal de 
SierewntS CORE Appr Fated. The diftilled water of che Herb 
rer oth, deanech them from Films, Clouds, or. Mitts that 
fichr, anid wonderfully frengthenerh the O 

a tick Desiss Tisha ls rh 
ir felf be amped withthe white ofanEgs, ahd laid to. olle 
ot blood-fhor, when youge to bed ic will cure ic * leat H 
for rhe Womb, to ftrenst en ic, and to cure all the Id gt griefs aR it as P ant 
doth the hot. Ichelpeth the yellow Jaundice, the Dr opie, and rhe he Gout: ae 
defects ofthe Reigns and’Longy ‘arid generally alli iomasd pais 

ofthe body; the Leaves being boyled and drunk. The fame. is he apere 

againft the biting of Serpents, and other ; venomous Beals, ee 
Tertiaz and Quartan Agnes; and the wi ‘orms inthe e] 
ae Faceand f Body, 

* as. ell as as 
ifeales of che Sromack 

expel Gravel. tt cOnOaEs 7 
ward, and ftayeth bleedings, and uféd with jom 

and Filtulaes in the Legs OF other parts of the bias 
happenin themouth 5 or uled: fiiketat a: 
and pains ofthe fecret pattsin Ma 

—— mo ath, apply 1fome 
id and Tenples, "ie: ‘eafeth the invererate pa | 
good for thofe which are frantick. The Leaves bruifed, or mixed v 
negar, doth wonderfully cleanfe the skin,and taketh a away Mor 

aes, and {uch other like Inflammacions, and Deformiries ofthe 
: ofthe Prk ; and fo doth ithe — water, rhich is 


~ Noble. Woman having: wed.the help: é divers, Physicians in vain, an Jadian 
Phyfician very Herbs; gave her the juyce of that Vervein to drink wich 
a little Sugar, by whofe ufe fhe avoided i in few dayes,‘a lone’ Worm, being 
hairy, of a footin length, and double forked arthe tail: after which fhe orew 
well. This Medicine v was given to many others, -thac complained of Worms, 
and ithelped them. It is ‘held alfo to be no leffe effe&tuall againtt all poyio 
and the venome of dangerous Beafts and:Serpents': as alo aoaititt benifches 
Drinks, and-the like, {o chat ic is norufed in,'bucalfo‘againtt, Witch'ctaft. That 
this Herb is ufed by Witches, may appear from the tory of Anne Bodenbamhe 
Jate Witch of Salisbury, who fent her Rathian-like (pirits ro gather Vervein and 
Dill, which was to begivento one, whom fhewas defired’ to? bewirch; as your 
Be read sale in the Book that is fee sealer concenningthie faid Witch: — 

[OO lset ry 


. : 

CHAP. xix 
Of Rofes. 

The Names, 

3 are led by the Ores of rhe foreciced Vierfe co*rhe Rote: whieh i is 
called 1p 6 quod ta hal of flu vinee emsittit, Seom 

mth nea The Leen 
Chives or Threds in the middle. “4. The -Husk or Cu 

The yellow 

cS five Brelbters 6. The Seeds, The Leaves.are fo much as is left, when the Nails 
are cut off. The white part of the Leaves of the Flows itfelf, by which they 

. tothe Ci are named v: es or Nail a : chi 
Beier ote amt enamel gc or aipeliciey aca rl so 
Boe bray inay big Seed and gi é 

dicin =, spouted fo ers el ae Stomachice, Sec, 
xm Pond or made up with Honey; fill hold the ‘ame 

roft he Ingredients, whereof the Co 

svi Toaced Cay oe S05 oe which comeing and 

that compats the Flower a oS A pina sega 
‘enone, eehe ae rai sg sta one :. Some inet them o 

thet aces Kojar tees nialgdc tees The Seadsi ase 
ii Sct eb or Zatio: Sosaky | 

and flips with thefé inde of th sabe 

sfearching ig atrerchbieectall forts of Rove: tek 
- yal epee fea fe x 
1. The whit ofe, 2 The Red Role, 

The N, 
pe a 

, aay is op a 

of Inimany.of them; none was’ 

the Paradife of Plants. | = 39 | 

4. The efler Damask Rote, 5. The Rote without prickles, 6. The Province- © 
Role. 7. The fingle Musk-Rofe, 8, Theaouble Musk-Rofe. 9. The Velver- 
Rofe. 10, The yellow Rofe. 11. The double Cinamon Role. 12. The Eglan- 
cine or {weet Bryer. 13. The Bryer Role, or Hep-Tree, 14, The BurnerR oe 
All which I thall as near as Icam, wrap up into one generall Defcription, by 
which the whole Family may be diftinguithed. 

The Forme, 

The Rofe hathrlong ftalks, of'a wooddy fubftance, fer, or armed for the molt 
part with divers fharp prickles: the branches whereof, are likewife full of 
prickles, whereon docommonly grow leaves, confifting of five parts, fet upon 2 
middle Rib by couples: the odd one ftanding at the point of the fame, every - 
one of them fomewhat {nipr about the edges, ‘omewhat rough, and of an overe 
worn ereencolour: from the bofom whereof, fhoot our pretty big foor-ftalks, 
whereon do grow very fair flowers, {ome fingle, fome double,'ome whire,fome 
red, {ome damask, fome yellow, &c. for the moft part of a very fweer {mel!, ha- 
ving in the middle, a few yellow threds, or chives, which being patt, there {uc- 

- ceedeth a tong fruit, green at the firft;red whem itis ripe, and ttuffed with a 
downy choaking matter, wherein is contained Seed as hard as ftones, The Root 

is long, cough, and of a wooddy fubltance, — is 8 Fa aa 

{ Sa as ———eeeeeore 

1) thefefores of Ro fes, or molt of them, and perhaps fome befides, are in 
he Phyiick Garden at one andin otic peor sn begs London.The double 
white Rote doth grow wildin man ges of Lancafhire, in great abundances 
They flower one or ot! er of chica, Spline eid May, vill the end of Auguft, 
Ifthe inperfiaous branches and tops be cut away at the end of their flowring, 

they will sometimes, if che Winter be calm, flower again in Ofteber,and after. 

The Temperature. : 
| Both the white and red Rofes are cooling and dryif weniey 
coexceed the red in both thoie properties, bat i vane 

fedicine, ‘The Red as Galen faith, hach a wacety 

a watt 

ow Chives: the middle: asalfothe na 
felf, and are more 

pis te 

| The Vertaes, 

Head-ach, and pains in the Eyes, Ears, Throat and Gums, the 

“40 _ Adamia Eden, Or, 
- Decoétion with the Rojes remainingin them, 1s proficably appiyed torhe Res 
eion of the heart, to eafe the Inflammation therein; as allo St. Axthonies fire, 
and other Dileafés of the ftomack. Being dryed, and beaten to Powder, and ta- 
ken in fteeled Wine; or water,it doch help to itay Womens Courles, they ferve 
alfo for the Eyes; being mixed with fuch other Medicines, ‘that. ferve tor chat 

~ purpole, and are fometimes put into thofe Compofitions, thac-are called Ax- 
thera. The yellow Threds inthe middeit of the Red Roles, efpecially being 
powdered and drunk-in the dittilled: water of Quinces, ftayeth cheabundance 
of Womens Courfes,and doth wondertully ftay andhelp Defluxions of Rheum 
wponthe Gums and Teerh, and preferverh them from corruption, and fafteneth 
them, being loole, ifthey be wafhed and -gargled therewith, and{ome Vine= 
ger of Squills added thereunto. Theheads wich Seedbeing ufedinPowder, or 

' ina DecoStion, ftayeth the Lask, and the fpicting of blood: Red Role-warer 


the Nofe, orto {mell the fweet vapour thereof, out of a pertuming Pots er calt 
on ahort Firefhovel: tt, is alfo of much good ufe againit rhe rednefs, and In- 

' fame effect, boch in opening and purging, but is oftner 

pre Pete 8S 33 
3 ity: Sr 
Bnd hoes et oh 
i Y Se a Ma a As 
< os + a + . . 
“ 3 ? ‘mars args i 
- Nok 


S _ Megane as a 


the Paradife of Plants. 7 Se 

Of Celandine. 

The Names. 

T iscalledin Greek, xeaidvsor, froma fuppofition that the Ancients had, 

that with chis Herb, Swallows do reltorefight co their young ones, thougty 

~ §@ their Eyes be put ouc: which Opinion is condemned as vain and falle, by. 
Ariftorle, and Celfus trom him, who fhew, that the young ones of Doves, 
Partridges, Swallows, &c, will recover of themfelves, without any ching done. 
unto them: Yet.I find, chat many Authours gneftion not. the cruth of rhe [io- 
3 for Crollins, and divers others, do report. how. thar Doves make ule of 
ervein, Swallows of Celandine, Linnets of Eye-brighty and Hawks of Hawk- 
weed, for the recovery of cheir own, and cheir young ones fight; The. Latine 
alfo followeth the Greek, and init, ic is called Chelidonium majus C Hirundi-. 
naria major ; andwe in Englifh,oreat Celandixe; and of fome,.Swaliow-wort, 

and Tetterwort, for its efficacy in curing Tetters.... 5s» 2 
ia te Spa eboet ster 

; - oe Mheeet ied Spiel ee : h ng Leaves, 

+ a see oey re ie t £ € joynts.on 
both fides of the branches, of a dark blewith »on the upper fide, like 
Columbines, and ? th, full ofa yellow ap, 
when any part is broken, of a th, full of a yelloy Ps 

a peece, after which come {mall long podechens blackifh feed therein: the root 
is thick and knobby, with fome threds annexed rhereto, which being broken or 
bruifed, yieldeth a {ap or jnyce of the colour of Gold, = ae 


The Places and Times. ; 
-» Thecommon fort growerh in many places by o!d walls, by the hedges and’ 

fides, in untilled places; and being once plantedina Garden, efpecially 
imfome thady place, it will hardly be gottenouc. The fecond, is not known to 
gtow naturally, bur is received into ; Bea, in co 

nada, asthe Title fheweth. The two res flower ; 
the {eed ripeneth in the mean time; but rhe’ t 
eth not its feed to perfea ion inthis Councry. 

ner lone, and 
ce, and bring- 

iii a am in Eden; ¢ Or, 

aR ae cfimte e ect ar ee © emt a ea : area a 

The Temperatures 


* The ordinary ¢ ereat Celandine: is manifettly hor and dry,and that inthe hi 
Degree ; and withall, feourech and cleaned effectually, 

a a: “The Siguarne and Vertue, } 
rifotle will not admnic chat this Herb curech th 
s, yet it hath been proved, by experienc is one o 

for mens Bye thar is; forthe juyce dropped into the Eyes, clenfeth chen — 
films ‘arid clowdinels, which darken the fight ; but itis belt tdallay che tharp- 
peck Saab little Breatt-Milk, - Mr, Cul; per {3 il , that the Oyi Or ‘Oynt- 

“ment is molt Szcing Ue bycawih ene ae ee i ee 
_ then‘endan Roots boyled in 

ftrnétions of ihe eEietandGal helper ne yell undice b ~ 
_ which is plainly fignified by the yellow jnyce; and, rE often ufing, it helps 
the Dropfie, and the Be Tech, and thofe that have old foresin their Legs, or other 
parts ofthe Body, The juyce thereof taken fafting, is held to be of fineular 
yt againit the Plague or  Peltilence, oe fo is the diftilled water alfoy ¥ with 

vor other fuch like reading Can , 
UF Ne etl ore st the Navel, ta 

taketh away the pait an 7 ome 
ow; or loofe Tooth, 

fnomsea’ at Wed 24 cmap on ol 
Of Rue. or Herb Grace. . 
yc: ae - The pees" sal sais ai Yb bas 6d 2 

Tiiyassy is the Name which the Eipeke avec unto hie Herbs; vii bo 
iat in the forementioned verlé, and is{o called, esd i ayuda 4 coagulands 
becaufe it doth as it were condenf rhe generative Seesiicy Of y_ics hear and dry- 
neffe, and is therefore {aid to abare carnal Book Yer Schola Salerni maketh a 
nt ger between men and women : for they fay. 10 SAF) 

Ruta. viris coitum minnirs sonlieribae-auger, 

~ Becanfe che nature of Women is waterith and cold; and Rue heaterh, and 
dryech ; therefore (lay chey)ic ftirreth chem modreco'carnallutt ; buc ic dimi- 
nitheth the nature of men which» is of temperature like untothe air, which is 
hot and moilt. Diofcorides faith, that what we call Ruta montann, was ible 
time called AZoly montanum: and the root of che Af ‘ 
the jikeneffe therennto,bei 
Latine,of Ruo,for the vio olen 

/ tiers &c.- In 

: ace forthe f 

F aon tis Without doubt a moft wholefome herb; chouek 
2 id could dainty Palates brook, the. cafte and. ufe nese I it 
ets, being epee and 5 Sod papebiee 


i i eh td fae sete oon aap have. lies 
likeneffe thereunto, buco: only Hens este their leaves, I i intendco. infiftin 
this place of none but che or Eee Ae cle rts. W ett 
more immediare relation ro it, they being fix in all, see he it aur 
Rue or Herb of Grace. 2, The lefler G rn Rs 
peaallariie Ben 3 Moun eos 6. Af Rg which ior ofche 


end ork Ga 


ing forth om all fides, and b 


yeliow threds which ong coni 
Foot : is white and woo He adi hc inthe 

feldom lowe in Our eae faa acniere {carce ever bear good feed; And the 
wild or Mounrzin Kinds do’ the like,’ and Reo they are commonly 
propagated by flips hee 3 in England, 

The Temperatures? - 

Rue is hot and dry in the latterend ofthe third degree, and wild-Rue in the 
fourth; It issofthin and {ubtile parts, ic walteth and conlumerh wind, and 
iccoreshand digeltech crofs: and-cough humours. 

| ; . mt The Signature and Vertes. shits 
The’ vertues of Rue are pithily expreffed i caSchata talents 

‘Rutafacit caftum , dat lumen, & ingerit aftum,, - 
Cotta facit Ruta de pulicibus loca tuta, 

Rue maketh chaft, = eke prferoeh fig 
- Infifeth ieee F leas dot dw to" 

Concething Chatticy, Thave fp eti fomewhat auenty in the Names ; be- 
fides it repaireth the Byefight and fharpenerh it, ifit be eaten green as is there 
mentioned ; Rutacomefta recens oculos caligine purgat. Ot elfe the Juice of 
4} the Gall ofa Cock,and clarified honey 

hechird property iS, 

his,that th ‘wherein good ftore of Rue hath been ng caft 
inks ae ‘about the houfe riddeth a away Fleas and killeth chem, Befides, 
0 properties, it provoketh Urine, and Womens Courfes being ta- 
1 in meat or drink, © Beye 5 ected taken i in Wine, ian Antidote 

~ keeps ‘Infetion, as is often ptoved in time of peftilence ; for 
Nolege there PP 2 cood Prefervative ; but being received OR Te é 
of much greater force, A -made thereof, with fome dryed Dill 

wers, eafeth all Pains and tofments inwardly co be drunk, and 
plyed warm tothe pl. ~The fame being drunk 

| sat inna of the J er * ieee Se tormenting pains ofthe 
Sciatica andthe Joynts eing anointed or laid to the laces Mi ae 
King fits’ of Agaes), to cakea Paceesie - saa ver ca 

ofthe Cheft and Sides; asalfo Conghs and hardneffe of 

~~ the Paradife of Plants. =n 

6fthem : An Oyntment made of thie faid Juice, with Oyl of Roles , Cerufle, 
and a little Vinegar,and andinted,cureth St. Axthonies fire, and all foul running 
’ Sores in the Head,and the ftinking Ulcers of the Nofe or other parts. Take of 
Nitre, Pepper, and Cummin Seed, ofeach equal parts, of rhe Leaves of Rue, 
clean picked as much in weight as all che other three weighed, beat them well 
cogether, and put-to as much honey as will make it upinto an Electuary (bur 
you mnft firft corre&t’ your Cummin Seed, by Keeping it in Vinegar twent 
our hours, and then dry it well in a hot Fire {iovel ,or in an Oven) and iris 
remedy for the paines or griefs ofthe Cheft or Stomach, of the Spleen, Belly or 
Sides, by wind or Stiches, of the Liver by obftru@tions, of the Reins and Blad- 
der, by the {topping of Urine, and helpeth alfo to extenuate fat corpulent Bo- 
dies, The leayes of Rue firft boyled, and chen laid in Pickleare yi by many 
toeatas fauce to meat, like asSampire is for the dimneffe of; ight, andto 
warm acoldStomach. The di(tilled wateris very effeGtuall for many of the 
pareteratoieiasd, ‘In outward applications, the wild kinds work more for- 
cibly then che Garden kinds, but taken inwardly by Women. with child ic de- 
ftroyeth the birth, and mightily expelleth the after-birth, A Wealell beingro 
fight with a Serpent, eatech Rue, and rubbéerh her (elf therewith to avoid hi 
poyfon: IL know not what religion Crolligs was of : but he faith that che 
of the Croffe whith is upon the feed; or rather, as I fuppofe, the f 
driveth away all Phantafms, and evill igt 

+4 " 

Of Cycler ess techies 


1» the " q 4 . € eS ay 
Pi 3 sake = “hia -6 ae ic pre phe ee 
*) ta HF Pod : : Ses j a 
: ns : ee ee, ee 4 ¥ 3 
<= ae : on, ee eee 
Steet es Fi Pee PY The Ames, Ciba Bat Pee Zy ; 
< : ‘ 


46 Alan in tn Eden, 0 SS 

Ti re Radi. 

Parkinfon sd-wineck up feaven forts hertok which I have here fer down. 1, 
Common Eyebright, 2. Small Eyebright. 3. Great red Wooddy Eyebright. 
4, Smali red Woody Eyebright.. 5. Broad leafed purple Bechriite. % 6. Great: 
ere ee, 7- bide er moet Eyebright. 

~ The Eorme, 

Cone Eyebrisht j is 2 fmall low herb, rifing ‘up ufpally but with one 

~ Blackifh ee ftalk a ‘{fpan high, or not much more when ir is higheft, but {el- 

dom fo high fpread from the bortom into fundry branches, whereon are fet 

{mall and almoft round, yet pointed dark green leaves finely {nipc about the 

edges, two alwaies fet cogether and very thick: At the Joynts wich the leaves 

from the middle upward, come forth {mall white flowers ftriped with. purple 

‘and yellow {pors or firipes 5 ; after which “follow {mall round heads, with very 

_ Small feed therein, “The root is long {mall andthreddy arthe end, On fome 

~ ‘Hills the colour of the flower is fometimes found to vary 4 fom thofe that grow 
in other places, as being more whitifh,yellow or more purple, 

The Places and Time, 

_the former orovete’ in 

: SO ee iad oe a passe ioe. ils 

"barren fields, and watt grounds about Graoefend and 

many : 
other places : 
-reft grow, fome in Jt. aly and at Naples, fome in olives fb They a 

dom. flower before rhe tesinnae of Auguft, and continue till September, and 

oe be gathered whileft they Somean et: all phyfical ufes ; for when att are run 
eed as they will be within awhile after, they are nothing fo fis fo effes 

| The Temperasnre A = 
“fe herb sae by theconlent of all Anchors Hor and dry, bur i in whar de- 
oth or Ger. rh : gid acon caluge = aes 


, mio tes 
Lier opani &c. By 

= faith,not only hel 

Bien ety t- > ‘om 

d work the like effects as the Wine 
h he dimmnels of the fight, bates he ule 
old men to read 

i Letters without Suse thar could 
| hardly — 

_theParadife of Plants. 47 

hardly read great ones with their {pectacles before, fo that as Mr. Culpepper 
faich,Jf this Herb were as much uted as neglected, it would half {poil che Spesta- 
cle-makers Trade : Arnoldus faith alfo, that ic did reftore their tight, who were 
blind for along whilebefore. If a fafficiene quantity heteof cannot be had, 
cotun up,as:aforefaid; the Powder of che dryed Herb, either mixed with Sugar, 
ora liccle Mace and Fennel-feeds,and drunk or eaten in Broth;or the faid Pow- 
ders, made into an Ele@tuary-with Honey, do either-way tend to the fame ef- 
make ufe of thisHerb; forthe repairing of their own, ‘and their young ones 

Nother Plant, whole name dea 

ulethe Seed put into the Eyes,doth 
; emame of it is Dusvey Soo G8 Sguay quod 
9 Diofcorides faith: for spudv fignifiech impern quodam 
fe demaamodum in Venerem prox, becaule ir provokethto Venery, which is 
another property it hath, And Gaza, thac tranflaced Theophrajtus into Latine, 
tranflateth it Geminalis ; for che fruitfulnefs it caufeth moft likely in bearing 
Twins, in Latine allo Horminum, The wild fort isknown by the name of Ocu, 
lus Chrifti in Latine and WildClary in Englifh: Clary is alfo called Gallitricum 
Pe of fome, Tora bona, but nov properly, Scatlea Sclarea & Centr 

The Kindes, PS she ie . = 3 ; 

la ‘witha whice Flower. tal 

2 . 

. pa. “ 
“a 3 “ 

* There are divers forts of 

BAS be 

Pee See 

Clar lary. *? -_ st ; 
Tow wild Clary, or Fupit 

48 —___—. Adamin Eden, Or, 
= = 3 The Place and Time, Ags 

The firftis planted only in Gardens, | and fo is the fecond in the Weftern 
pie of Europe both on thisfide and beyond the A 

Ips; by the judgement of the 
eft Authours. The third was brought by Paluda 

wus, nto thele parts , our of 
Syria. Thefourth is wilde in many places of Germ 

any. The fifth is wilde in 
our Country, upon dry banks, almott every where, and by the way fides, The 
fixth, Clufius firtt found in the Meadows, near Soproninm in Hungary. The {e-' 
venth was fent out of Italy, and ic is likely, is originally of that Country. The 
eighth grew with Clufins, of the Seed he received out of Spain; but yet as he, 
fairh, he found. it likewile nearthe riding place at Greenwich. The ninth orow- 
eth in Hungary, almoft every where in their Vineyards, and by the way fides. 
The tenth grew of the Seed which was fent ourof Candy. The eleventh,both ar 
Mompelier, and in Candy. The rwelfth throughout Huzgary, in grear plenty; 
and in Axfriajand in many other places. The latt,as Dio/corides faithson Mount 
Idain Phrygia and Me ffenia’s bue. of late dayes, gathered from fome of the 
Hills of Greece and Jilyria, thar are near the Sea. I have feen Colus Fovis , xc. 
Jupiters diftaffe, and the Ethiopian Clary, grow both in the Phyfick Garden ar 
Oxford, and that at Weftminffer, 

The Temperatuye and Vertues, 


em awa 
ng a, NE . nes gotten iatothefleth, 
The Leaves ufed with Vineger, either by it {elf or with alittle Honey, doth,” ya 

nflammations gar 

: other Herbs, that conduce 
1¢ effed often, or the freth Leaves fryed in Butter, be-- 
ing firtt dipped in a Barrer of Flower; kegs, anda little Mi 

tothe Table, isnot unplcafant to any; ly, profitable co thofewen . 
or Wo as | ayes weak wes Iris ufed in Sta ities pMep 
that are barren, chrough a coldand.m difpofition; to hear and = 
moy‘ture;and to help them to be fruitful: it “helpech the Scomack oceans 
with cold flegme, and purceth the Head of heum gy 
the over-much ufe hereof, offendeth the Head, a 

e om os conrepss én; b 
18 hurctul for che Bray; 
memory. Itbringechdown Womens defired fickne(s, and expelleth chet é | 
the pce oh ie oll RN Cia? 08 Fapiers Dikaffeishot and drying, ad. 
the juyce of ir is of fpeciall ge uleyto cleanfe and heal foul Ulcers, Thee Zthi—_ 
opian Clary is commended fort ee 
-peStorare the rorren and P 

eitherthe Decostion of t e Root drunk Stuary wich 
ney. Diofcorides faith alfo, that-itis 


the Paradife of Plants. “49 

the Sciatica, The Leaves of wild Clary, z € good to be put into Portage and 
Broth, amongft other Herbs; for they {eatrer congealed blood, warm the fto- 
mack, and help the dimnefs of the Eyes. 

CHAD. SV i 6 Rs) 
Of Hawk-weed. Scdmmes oe 

_ The Names, A OED an 

His isthe aft Plane hac I (hall creat il as appropriated tothe E yes, 
: -anditiscalledin Greek, Ieesesor of treat ipiter, an Hawk, sem | 
- (B. caule: Hawks are {aid to fharpen cheir Eyes with the Juyceiof this 
4 Herb; and for the fame Reafon, it is called Hawk-weed in Englifhy 
In Latine it is called Hieracium, and-Accipitrina, Gaza. calleth it Porcellia, It 
iscalled alfo raters and by formes Hi; eee ang. Pathe. te 

O mn Rer natura) d divi deth ra te 
$5 Whic h,with the Pateiculars, comprehended under eve~ 
hem, would, if only named, make this Chapter extend its limits, I 
all content my felf only with chofe I find mentioned inthe  Phytologia Brix 
tannica, which I conceive to be the nfualleft fores gtowing within, thefe . Domi- 
nions, and they are 1. Rong Hawk eattr or yellow Succory (for ‘chen 
ate numbered am the Succories by fome.) * Dandelion Hawi reeds 
3. Succory erated Gat aaa 5- Rongh Mon Hawk 
weed. 6, Long rooted Hawk-weed. 7. Great Hawk-weed. §. Ha 2s 
‘or little Hawk-weed 5 yellow Devills bit. 9. Little Mountai 
10, ciel srtbewest| epee FIDE SOS Lea: . 


bi Mit 

beret ft, thar ifrom 
Seleivers Joynricllec Leaver oa ioc fomn 2e formers 
ing at their top, fund: pale, yellow Flowers, co: iting of many eat: natow 
Leaves, broad poi abi sicked in atthe-ends, fetin a double Roe or more, | 
the outermoft being | th inner:which orm moft of the Hawk- wee ae 
away withthe winde: The Root islong and, hike with m many {mal 
ereat. TSU tee ee ee a eL, 

50 dam in Eden, Or, 

wae The Temperature. 
The kinds of Hawkeweed, ate cold and dry, and fomewhat binding, 
egg ee The Signatures and Vertues. : 

_ Hawkeweed, Argemon¢ ( which I touched, when I {pake ofthe Poppies) Ma- 
rigolds, Anemonies, Scabious and wild Tanfy, which I fhall have more occa- 
fion to mention hereafter; docorethe Eyes by Signatures, as they {ay who 
have {tudied them ; and indeed they are all of them very good, for the preter- 
ving and recovery of the fight, by removing the many difeales which affii&t that 
part more then any other, becaufe it is more tender and more imployed_ being 
the Organ of the moft bufied Senfe'to thofe thar have ir. The Juice of Hawke: 
weed being mingled with the milk ofa: Woman, and dropped into the Ey 
is fingular good tor all defects and difeafes of the Eyes, andfois the dill 
Water ufed inthe fame manner. — ins ee 
‘Iris alfoufed with goodfncceffé, in fretting orc ceping ulcers, efpecially in 
the beginning. “The green herb bruifed and witha lictie Sale applyed to any 
place burnt with fre, before blifters do arifé,helperh them;as alfo Inflan:mati- 
ons, St. Axthonies fire, and all Pufhes and Eruptions, Heat and Salt Phiegme. 
The fame applyed with Meal and fair Water in manner ofa Pultis to any place 
affeXed, with Convulfions and the Cramp,or fuch as ate one of Joynt doth give 
eafle al ic in wine helpeth diceftion, difeuflech Wind 
- 5 ‘omias h the difficulty of ma- 
: pion, if the 

Scruple of the dryed Juice given in Wine and Vinegar, is profitable for the 
ee vethe Drophe. The DecoStion of the Wesistalcn wititIoiiny digeltéth 
in the Cheft or Lungs, and with Hyfop helpeth th Cough. Be- 
ng boyled in Wine wich like quantity of wild Succory, and takenyichelpech 
the wind Cholick and hardneffe of the Spleen, it procureth ref and fleep,: hiss 
_ dereth Venery,and Venereous Dreams, cootéth heats, purgeth the Stomach, 
en blood, and helpeth the Difeafes of the Reins and Bladder. The 
ter is of good ule in many of the-difeafes aforefaid, befides thole of © 
the face wafhed therewith cleanfeth the skin, and taketh away 
€ Morphew and other blemithes in the skin,and help 
esin the face alfo. The Juice ofthe Rough Dande-lyas 
ilar good for the Pleurify, if ic be taken in drink, 


OF Af. ar abacc 





the Paradife of Plants. gacet 

The Names, 

Pliny chought that it was called, A’cagwin Greek quafi dougame in ornatim 
non veniens, becaufe it was not uted: in Garlands ; bur the Text of Diofcorides i¢ 
flac againft him, for he daith ic is , roe buadis suparemamii, a2 f{weetherb 
ufedin Garlands ; Iris alfo called Ndjdts cya in Latine Afaram and Nar- 

dys {ylve firis, or. Nardus Ruftica, and as Mazer faith Mulgago, as by his’ Vere’ 
peareth ; Eft Afarum Grac¢ ;Valgago dita Latinis.. The former times: 
coo he eA larum and Baccharisto be one betb ; and therefore they called ity 
“Ajara baccara, which nameiscontinued in Spam and other’ places, and with’ 
us even tothis day; bur the deferiptions of et fo men feds fit 

this ml srespalRegiapesnocicect and amended: £08 
tno? 179: Wi 

Ss <qlinchnrlt 
The Kindest 0. Mg balgod gnind 

The forts hereof are three. 1. Common hima di 3. Virginian 
Afarabacta, 3. Battard ail of Matthiolus.. tite Sa. 

Mabecs hath many 
ny {mooth Leaks 

of 110,imoorhner ana Of s dake sane 4 hy ning 
ppertid Pandof apaler yellow green underneath, little or n0~ 
‘ d about the Edges; from among.which arile- {malt round hollow 
brownith green husks upon (talks, ofaboucan inch long, divided at the brims 
into five divifions, the Cups of Heads ‘ofthe Henbane: feed, but thac 
they are {maller: and thefe be Utheflowers i it hath, which! being on 

unto, are fomewhat {w aise 

contained fmall co ro 
steps or Raifins. ee 

Phrygia and other 
eththe place of the fecond ; tis {ai 
Mountains Bohemia, god ikewife in 
firit and {cond keep their green Leav 

eed Sout Mi withe 

eed about Midfumimer or 

» The Leaves of Afarabacca are hoc and dey, with a po Durving 
h ©: yet not withont a certain kind of aftriStion or bin 
and dry, yea more then the leaves,t 3 
ro NeMe are bac ioenia mae fab 9 
a) THs. omewhat more {¢ y 
cuoufly uled one for another, = 

= nn li OM mR si tee 
pea —— Ss 2 aa 2 

amin Eden, Or, 

f | j 

The Signature and Veytues, 

_ By the Leayes of Afarabacca, the Ears of amanare in fome fort reprefented, 
and it is found by experience, thar a Conterve may be made ofthe flowers of 
this Plant; which being eat,dor Very much ftrengthen and encreale both hear- 
ingand memory, The memory is alfo holpen, and the Head and Brain, that 
is il} affected by taking cold, comforted ; ifthe Leaves and Roots be boyled in 
Lee, andthe head often wathed therewith while it is warm. The Common ufe 
hereof is. to take the juyce of five or Seaven Leaves ina litle drink, which nor 
only, provoketh Vomicing, buc purgech downward, and by Utine alio,purg- 
ing both Choler and-Phlegme , if youaddto it fome Spikenard, and rhe whe 
of Goats Milk, or Honyed water: bur it putgech Phlegme more’ manifettly 
then Choler; andtheretore doth much help pains in the Hips and other parts. 
Being boyled in Whey, it wonderfully helpeththe Obfructions of the Liver 
and Spleen, and is profitable for the Dropfie and Jaundies, being fteeped_in 
Wine.and drunk, Ichelps thote continuall Acues thar come by the 
ftubborn humours, 

’ . I gficsofthe Agues, Ic will 
not abide long boyling, for it loofeth its ftrength thereby ; nor much. beating, 

finer powder doth provoke Vomirs and Urine, andthe coorler purgeth 
~The Roots alto work in the fame manner, but not fo forcibly = 

: ordi Art,wich Wine, might be more fafe 
pt all ch obe ready athand to be civen, 

ybe ready 

the pains of 

i ae tt 40. ith, hatha itr 
ye * 2 

Pp + 3 

ar My no Creater pro to 
_* oO percy 
thick, is touch, 


alfy 3 the : Y 
- decodtion thereat made ie 

—_theParadifeof Plants. 53 

dite i 


Of Ground-Ivy , oF eA. lehoofe. 
_ ‘totisbs bab __The Naw, . 

yc baler + in’ a aed Spite HG otbere. Xeuani soos’ becante it 
“ alwayes creeps upon the ground, and hath Leaves ‘omewhat like unto the 
By truc Ivy, et they are lef i chinese asi and crumpled as ir were. It is 
called % , and ‘is a Garland upon che 
sround. It tis¢ tia Exibe esr le tis, Hedera terrefiris and Corona terre, 
mai and Brunfel fins miltaking i it, made ic his fourth 
yeahs calleth i it Malacoci sn ‘a eft, Mobis Hedera Plumiatica. 
riety according to the feveral. 

fe true G pund- fey callthe other Maiden hair; be it 1s pa 
vichout 200d advi ice: for all that have experience in Herbarifme, 

oherwile, : 
| iaaitiniaal’ he Kindest. 
Therebeofthisfourfons, Common Grosnd- in or Ale-hoof, 2, 3. The 

. Lanes, snd other walt Grounds inet as 
Secs aimiolls ec hata me twat ayia «pple in fome Coun- 
“Uties of Germany: thethitdis found co grow on Hills and Mountains: the lalt 
| in Narbone, arid Province in France, and infome places of Somer fet(hi 
lowe {omewhat early, and abide fo a great while, the Leaves k 
, Bee cy Winces cael fasiesionesabeding, if it t be 

am in Eden,-Or, 

The Temperatare, 


Ground Ivy is quick, fharp, and birrer in taft, and thereby is found to be hor 
and dry, it openeth, alfo cleanfeth and rarifyeth. . cS 3 

The Vertues. 

> i io * 
be a YY 

he Herbin 

: rhe Gout mr : 

— a Re cisleiee fore chrost Pru Wi the ecosk le 
~ Jemt good ro gargle any fore throat or m , thereto fomeHonevand 
alittle bpeee Adlerns : as alfo to wafh ine bares Gol Ulcers of the ene. 
in Man or Woman. Ie {peedily healech green wounds, being bound thereto: 

0, Oe eer ae uy “ 


—___theParadife of Plants. 55 


of Tey. 
The Names, 

Eitheris Gtound-Ivy, only good forthe Ears, but other Ivy alfo, I 
thall cherefore handle it inthis place. Iriscalled in Greek xrais 
and a7, Ciffus and Cittus,as che Greeks report, from Ciffes, a littie 
Boy, whom Bacchus tired hereinto. The Athenians ca\ied Bacchus 
himfelfGittus, who by {ome is chonght to have bronghr it ont of India into 
Greece.and called it after his own name, and worea Crown thereof, becauie, As 
he is alwayes young, as the Poets feign; fo this is,continnally green. But 
Pena and Lobel chink it rather derived from #s , which word in Englith, fignifies 
gq Weavill, which is a littke Creacure, thatlives upon Corn and Male; eating up 
the Kernel thereof; for as chis eareth up the heart of rhe Corn; ‘o doth the Ivy 
rob the Tree it groweth upon of its nourifhment,or ftom. “7¢vels a Pumice 
fione, becaufe itis full of pores, asa Pumice ttone is, and being fo, what'¢ 
Wine is put into a Cup, made thereof, foaketh through, accordi: 
Varro, The Latines call ic Hedera vel rel 
ere vel quia id cui adbefer 


times ic creepeth up walls, fending 

where growit great, they often crack them co their - 

nhold of either Tree or Wall, it will grow there 
the Tree is’ 

fos, E- Seinaredines 

56 Ae dam nin Ts Or, 

der Hedges, and the corners of watt round, and thelike. The firlt Foreigner 
is {aid to grow in Frauce, and fome places : of Turkey, and fome fay in Naples al- 
fo. The \econd, Pena and Lobel fay, gtow in Campania, and A pulia, and is fowen 
in Gardens of Jtaly, and Germany, The third and fourth, grow inthe North- 
weit parts of eAmerica, where our En gli(h Colonies are planted. The laft, was 
font by Lobel, on the Hills, as he patfed through Jtaly, Our Ivy flouritheth - 
- notuntil july, and the Berries are utuall y tipe about C. brifimas, when they have 
felt che winter frotts. We have little acquaintance with the outlandifh one, 
and therefore we {ay no more of them, or their times of flowring,. ~ ; 


The Temperature mae y 4 

Ivy, as Ga alen {aich, hath contrary faculties; for ic hath a certain binding, 
earthy and cold fabfeinceand alfoa fubGance fomewhat biting,which even the 
very talt doth thew to be hor. Neither is it without a third faculty, as being of a 
certain warm watery fubftance, and that i is, ifitbe green: for while(t ir is in 
drying, this waterith fubfance beine being earthy, cold, and binding, confumeth a~ — 
~ way; and chat whichis hor and biting, Being therefore fuch an 

inconftant Hermes,ic is the more carefully to be apeied be becaule it cauferh bar- 

renne{s in Man or Woman,if they fhonld take too often pai! procureth 
a weaknefs and trouble inthe Brain and Senles, 

The Vertues, 

nemy ‘biked Nerves ana i bee taken aa sees ae bieis seat fie 
full unto them applyed outwardly, The > Juyce of the Leaves and | Berries, with 
4 little Oy! of bitter Almonds, dropped into the Earsywhileft ic is warm,help- 
-ethrhe hearing, and cureth all the son aad oueee tonearm The Berries 
~ made into Powder, and drunk in helpto break rhe ftone,provoke urine, 
and Womens Courfes, as Tragus faiths yea ppomesiulldhes arein thofe parts, 
that a bath a of sr erie mare nom tofitin, or over che 
mes, of a peflary made of them, a bink. oth sndabeertbin prevail co bri 
an es forth the dea ink but this to ia 

Ea eae in their fides, 
1e applyec ‘Role-water, and Oylof:R, 
> 28 J : ile : the i inveters ~ ; a Set er Ji OL e 23 

o sich 

! d Ulcer bisa to Spe 
renders char abd and fo 
NCE YJOder isto yk ofthem: the fame aos 

the Paradife ‘of ' Plants. 4, 37 

aper eight times double. The Wood made into a Cup, and uled by ¢hiote 
eae ate with the Spleen, fhall find eafe and be much holpen thereof, 
if they let their drink ttand {ome fmall time ‘therein before they ‘drink it: Care 
faith, By 6a fafpe& your Wineto have any water in ic, pat some of it into 4 
Cup made of Ivy wood, andthe Wine will foak through;and’the water temaini 
fuch is the Ancipathy that isbetwixt them. cIfany: ofie ‘hath a furfer by 
drinking of Wine, his {peedieft» cure is tocdrink a draught ‘o thefame’wine 
wherein an handfull of Ivy leaves, being firftbruifed, have been boy 
is aGum gathered from Ivy im hot Countries’, which is exceeding ‘fharp and 
hot, burning and ex theskin; yerbeing diffolved in’ Vinevar, i ittad 
keth away itperfluous hairin-any place, and killeth’ Lice and Nits; @nd 
_ the panes of hollow teeth, if A sm Seauees IFOID 

ve . y _ 
iat = — — ee ae itil 
ee : eF at) Sa BS Oe 5 A oe oe Be Oe ee 


od mnext it, and thar isthe Poplar Tree { ae leaves 
> | Aomewhac alike ; towhich, the Ancient Greeks having 
a wo iorts gave them, two diftin& Names, they:called the white P 
er, Asve becaule of the whiteneffe in Latine, Populus alba, and Farfarus: 
according ro that of Plaugus in his Penalus--Viftxm Legioni dedi Fundafq; : eos 
gest » ut folia Farfari, which the learned fuppofe to bethe leaves of 
They called the Black Poplar Alpewes; int  Populas nigra: 
Si cnnac dpe {pring buds whereof nie Apochecaris cal Oculs Popul 2 ae 
Buds ; Orhers chufe rather to call it,Gemsma Popnl:: fome of the Srecia? 
it, campus, Tothefe is added a Populs tremula, andby 7 
frus, Keguis quod nimirumifta ne Tree wih Ester ood Saab : os ong of fits te 

nisi gee tat teaeaes Ee oe 
ing broad and green leaves,{omewhat like to Ivy leaves not.cut-in on the Edges 
but,whole.and, ented, ending in a:point and-not white underneath, hanging 
by flender long fooutalks, which wich the Air-are almoft continually fhaken, 
ma edt Catkins hereof are greaty compoted of many 
ro} berries, as it were fer together ona long:clutter.: Wherein ismuch 
Downy matcer,contained ; which hae ripesis blown/away withthe wind:the 
syes,0r,,clammy, Buds, hereof, before they spread into leaves (and not of the 
white as{ome havethought, nor yet the Uve or berries, which:each of chem 
have under them)are gathered abonethe beginning of Aprillsto make the Un- 
Suenttere Populcon; andiate of a yellowith green colour,and {mall, but {omewhat 
tweet and {trong j.the wood is fmooth; tough, and whice;.and-wall quickly be 
cloven to make {hingles, pales,orthe like. Onthis,asalfoon the whire Pop- 
lar Tree groweth a {weet kind of Musk, which in former times was much ule 

incofweer~Oinements, and comimended by” Galen and others <6 
be the belt, next unto that ofthe Cedar Tree, 

The Place and Time, : 
The firft kind of whire Poplar growerh ‘not very common in England, yer 
in fome place here and there it isfound, as ina low Meadow, turning up a 
Lane at the further end of a Village; called Black-waill ; andin Effex ara place 
called Overden, and in fome other places which are low and moift, as in Mea- 
dows near-unto Ditches, ftanding waters, and Rivers sand in ara: 
where the othershreefortsido..alfo-grow..; , bur the Zndiax Poplar erowedhin 
olt-parc- ofthe Ifands of America, Tk Secreesbudiorca inthe end of Afarch 
ig: theb Zee ag Of April : butthe Catkins appear. on Pdiiow. iets 

; BS 3 wee 9 = et phe EF in i et *., = 7s . 
CUE Eres | SGA TN Res F8Sh BT SEO IT AW SEF IO Sa eee aie 
es ak 3 % The Temperature. fi terval Je sadsos creas 

3, 2evesk SLE Se OF BOG ; at Ft us = Tei 
{The white Poplar hatha se faculty faith Galen,anda-mixt tempe ra- 
SE ae pint warm effence, and alfoathin earthly {ubftance. The 
Rofn orclammy-Subftance of the black Poplar buds, is hor and dry. and of thin 

Parts..anddoth ; attenuate. and: mollifies . the leat es have ina mannerthe 


Hike,.operation » but weaket end nor fo effectual. VVhar -temapérarure 

uh¢. Indian of, 1 have not found, >. °+;. 

Te eens oi Feet > ssid WLAF 
ds eg sisiciy she ertemes, 21's 
ig Peet set santeior!s Ene : baron sd cod; dase -— pak is nas 
. Adeleribed the Black Poplar; becanfe chat bad. mo@t Gimilitudewith Ivy pbur 
ir isthe white Poplar(whoie form differech not much from the other, fave that 
the leaves.are almoft like chofe ofthe Vine, or father Colts-foot). which is ap 
toptiated to the Earsyrhe juyce of whofe leaves being extracted: warmed and 
topped.into them,eafech rhe painsiinthem,and hedlech Ulcers there, if there 
ans The young clammy buds, or eyes,before they break oueinto leaves 
bruifedand a little Honey put tothem,is.a good: Medicine for a dull fo t. by 
Signature, An ounce ihe bark inPowder being drunk, faith Diofcorides,in 
Wine, ‘tis likely, is a remedy for thofecthat are troubled with the Sciatica or 
Sane and Serenus is of the fame Judgment, The black Po “ 
‘ome £0.D¢ more-cooling chen the whites:and therefore hey have with much 
profcapplyed che leaves brnifed wih Vinegarto places szoubled wit tne 
jout, and {o do the young leaves and buds mad¢incd! an Oinerhent with May- 
_ 3 Vinegar, That water that droppech from the hollow places ofthe black 
Poplats,dorh take away Warts, Pufhes, Wheales, and other thelike break- 
mid the body. The young black Poplar Buds; faith Maithiolus are'aled 


the Paradife of Plants. J 

by w women to beautifie their hair, briifing chem withfreth. butter, and firaining 
them after they have been for fome time kept in the’Sun. The Ointment 
called Populeon is fingular good, for any heat of inflammation in any patt of he 
Body, and co cemper the heat “ot Fwounds 3 Icisuled alfoco dry up the Milk in 
Womens Breafts after their delivery», ABEND: shave, weaned their Chil- 

dren, The Afpen leaves are fomew hat weaker ,thentholeof the boag Poplars 
TSR SEY ant gmented ster newt for RBG HENE BEPC 
5 Hy cai jad _A@RORD Ws OBE 
J a ei 5 ‘ eee a ee | Fi Pea ioulani SS 24) 
“3 inv at i 31) Qh eM Sk 
x : SCHAP&XXIX. an F * 
¢ 1 Li vo Ie bee Tw i oe F t th ae he Cider tis 
he te I ¢ i 5% Pes ~~, i y¥ end 4 TIO 1 
= Of, Night ha beasts 
9 i ae tt 1 SE ia. FO ESTs ei bee 4 
The Names, roGit jie? Wass 

Ome of che Greeks call it,’ 
ulually, Sagdxa8. In Laie te spon x 
Uaiple, Cacins anaes L. iny. 
and. Cacobeiessbee = are ch ouehe : 
this plane. J Dn 3 

reis af ’ <n is called feats io dealy ghee 
Of its pernicious cree oer A cold quality ; and is therefore not. 
fed but by a skilfull hand, bue the, Common or Garden Nightfhade is 
not dangerous,being heretofore planted i in Gardens as other herbs, for food; 
wherefore it was called Solanum hortenfe, or Garden Nightthade, but issnow 
no where ufed burt rb ge ss anes is wa out tof Gardens, 

" Diofeorides réckoneth. up > four forts, Kwmies miieg Hortenfe, fey: Wrapup . - * 
vereriils S omniferum, S parade Manicum: which are’ by: a lat 
ftinguifhed aa ten kinds. -Commen Ni hea con 
mon Ni htfha 4. Slee Nigethads ine: true fleepy Ni f i as dé é 
A a ied 3 ee fort. 6. prrales of nah 

3 The Cokditci Site 
and about a foot high, bufhing 
dark creen leaves, fomewhat broad at Inte: 
Suyce, larger then ee leaves of agers ele on me) 
dented { about the ed : 

niet lite 

So <I me” eu —_ oa 4 f re i + 
10. _ Adamin Eden, Or, - 
in the Berrie a lomea uae VCO ike unto thin mucilage, and is of a cool- 
ng and bin see see Sr aS 

3 SESS Te Oe The Pace end RE race ces ol 
i Ree STs St SS OF Orrs mee ee ~Lages e -t sad ; = i i 
= Common S mH eet a planting under old walls, and. in 
sxbbith, by the-commion Paths, and fides of Hedges and Fields, and (ometimes 
in Gardetts,out! of which it is taft 4s a weed, “Diwale, or dead! y Night-fhade,” 
groweth not only inthe Woods of Germany, but in divers places in our own 

Land, as in che Caftle-yard of Framingham in Sufolkyin Cambridge-thire, Effex; 
gcc. The reft are {trangers, and not ro be found, unlets it be in the berrer {ort of 

' Gardens, as the Phyfick Gardemat Oxon sthatiat Weftminfter, &c. The fir and 

the fecond die every year, ahd rife of heir own fowing: the reft dye down to 
the ground in Winter, and fhoor. afreftrimthe {pring. They do not {pring out 
ofthe ground, untill it bedare inthe years af noryintill the latrerend of April, 

atthe foonelt, They flowre in Summer, even cill che beginning of eAutnmne, 
and then the fruit ripeneth. ee Se : 

— Lge 

. : oe — i - a . 
sy , ® n i en * aoy 4 ew 
- eet : - f a7 on Ts +e te ; = 
pee Bey i PAE glew © is é te a at ms 3 Fea ee : Ss ie # “ 
. APR OSE At poh re Sa he aries 4 rig ‘ : ss j ! ad 
* pee ie. ep “es ae a % < \ t r 

«=.Galen faichyin his Book of the faculties of fimple Medicines,” chat Gatdess 
Nicht-fhade, is ufed forthofe infirmicies,chat have-neéed of cooling and binding; 
forcheletwo.qualiciesic hath in thie fecond degree, ‘which thing alfo he affirm= 

hin-his Book of the-facult ofnourifhments, where he faich’, that chere 18” 

Sar nen ate Ogre ta t ¢tion, or binding, as 

ne ge 

f, - 
z ew Wie 4g 
Ae Cis 

jnt-thades it be ufed moderately$ 
a quantity, procirerh che Frenzy: che. 

heat or In 


ured together ina leaden Mortar, is very good ro anoint all hor Inflammati- 
onsinthe Eys: Tedottialfo much good for the Shingles, Rin« 

the Paradife of Plants. : a ri 

The Leaves brui(ed, or their Juyce may be applyed tofuch hot Inflammations, 

as $c. Anthonies fire, the Shingles, andall other fiery or running — to 
yoo! and fay the rere 7 

- Of Sote-Fennel, or Hoggs-Fennel. 
- on % =+ sat 3 a ms wi The Nimes fas ¥ 

chy {cent,it carriech;fromesiae which Gignifi- 
- ech wPitch Tree ; and: others, of the Pine Tree, whofe Leaves are’ 

‘like ar; call it Pinaffelisins, as Apuleins.1t isalfo called Feniculam Poy~ 

iat ‘bar by Tabermontanus, Cauda porcina,for the likenels that is’ ‘between: 

ag ele: come Qeange, and hove irony Sarphaewors oF w-E 

the? Latine. : 

the yellow sa 
mc ike ‘ 

Fs anal Sow-Fennel; there be three forts. 1-Commor Sow-Feanel. saa 
itor cy seo Se et oes 


eraiis Gh tobnatl sna si / The Forme. 

we. we om Toone” bat 

——— ¢ i —— : 
io PS 2 3F Mit s set st eS pes 

emeleed Brimfone a Sinha | 
itone,y ding a ae 

of ir, van the faperfictcs ¢ rr ie CE caret hair, of a brown Ct O- 

Jour, mere which the leaves aod pass ae pring forth ‘ 

The 5 orem Bietke inthe Gk be Sfacthics, é Geile ke 
aeris Kent near citar bashe Hass thereof, and the I 



62 ais Adam i in Eden, Or, 

TheTe cmperatseret 

Thefe ss, efpecially the yellow Sap of che Roots, is hot in the fec ondnd 
dry in the beginning of che third Degree. 

‘The Vertues, . 

ae Night-(hade being a cold Plant, was wads for fch diftempers ofthe Ears, 
as happen by téafon ofheat; fo this Hog+Fennel being of sfccbempetacure, is 
very effeCtual for {uch griefs as happen tothe Ears upona cold caufe, if a little 

of the juyce be diffolved in Wine, and droppedinco the Ears. The fame,accor-. 
ding ss aeslesr and od GA ufed with Vineger and Rofe-warer, ot thejuyce, _ 
to the Nofe, helpechithofe that aretroubled- witht, 

ieisuany, the Dba ‘che turning of the brain, or diffinels of the head, thay” 

Falling-Sicknels,long and invererate Head-ach, the Palfte, che Sciarica,andthe _ 
Cramps anid generally.all the Difedfes of the Nerves. and Simews, if ir be nfed 
with Oytand Vineger. The juyce Wine,or put intoan: good, 
for the Gough, and fhortnefs ofbreath, and for thofe thar. are troubled wich: 
wind, and tormenting pains in the body. It purgeth the belly gently,.and di, 
folveth the wind, and rhardnels of the Ipleen,it giveth eaferothofe Women that 
have fore travel in Child-birch,and eafech che pains both of Bladder and Reins, 
and roms alfo. A lisele ofthe concrete juyce put into an hollow Tooth, cea- 
; f, and 1 : sie like effet ; bur more flow- 
i put into foul blscts, of 

bringeth-on old sade inveterate fores Merrie it BA fe so es 
as ferve to heat or warm any place. Pliny recordeth the vertue hereof in divete / 
: places: the Root being drunkin Wine, with the Seed ofthe Cypre(S-Tree, ia 
powders eaferh the Arangling of che Mother, but fome ule ro burn it, and by 
the {mell thereof giveth eafect o: the juyce helpeth che burftings of 
meesinn and ‘here Nixwc oan eg eee he Roceiis of fo great ore 
z ounds and Sores, that it draweth oue theC efrom the very 
| pissin of this Plant, it fhould canfe hair to gow. apace, where 
adits or were dep ee peat or panini 

the Paradife of Plants. 2 63 

shittles, and fometimes Hares Lettice, which becaufe of their ke settne I 
_ have Joyned together. They are called:of divers Civerbita Latticelap and, 
Laéteroness:0f ipuleins labile Leporina'; of fome, Brn fica Leperina, ‘or Hates 

Cn oe gt NB ; and fomehave it a vayaausens Life vibiswad 
; LONTO 2910197 108 

_ | Ad iti The Kinde. bo0g ¥ Us phmow stiv: 

“4 . [Sisil2 fae 3:19 bad 

‘To oan all the: forts of thele,: ‘dtaesseto’ be sind in othe: ét Herbals, 
sai not beto'much purpofe ; and therefore I (hall ¢orrent my felf, to iene 
tion thofe only which I-find in the Phytologia’ Britannica, being in alimber 

«1. Tree-Sow-Thiftle. 2, Wall:or Ivy-leafed Sow-Thiftles 3, ae 
Prickly Sow-Thiftle. 4. An Elegant Sow Thiltle witha whire flower, having 
Tres, Prickly SOW: 5. oe ee Sow-Thiftle, 6, Broad: ot a ‘Sow: 

Sic. its = eoreritye . Cary. i. eee 53. elitttoo 
ye Piz origs othe Ferm, ‘ouT. ri a60 VE Fah 
Et - 5619 (124 

The Ganinian Sow-Thifle is well ktrownco rife ap wich: »foind totow 
falk:rwo or three foor high Or more fOrnetimes iF i row in gdod 'srour 
Gardens, as ufaally ic doth 9 fet wictn amiany lot ne andmuch torn é 
pists Dxioaeubbes not amas iets 2 

da wgroweth down ‘tight, and hath’ ffi plan 

ikewile every year, and raifing itself of its own: rowiead 
encifull in giving Milk which is fomewhat pleafantery and not 
fo bitter as that of “the "prickly ones. 

is Places et ti ne, 

ae Ao : Z Z : 3 
All the SoweThiflles: Oe ne Ww in munminied as well ik e 
nnred foyls, fome in: Gardens;and ow in un aren a5 mae 
and leffer — inthe hoarse rounds ; anc = 

They do flower. and thed their feed ie 
ummeriong, and pepetities tll Angepbe 

The Sow Thiflles as Galen w reth,are ofa mixt 
fitot a bgenery and se Speneoney cold andes 

oe fie se 
tender, and being foshey are eaten 
Oots are much more efteemed by 

the heat and itchings of the Hemorthoides or Piles, and the heat-and tharps 
nefle of humours hapning in thefecret parts of manor woman. The diftilled 
water ofthe herb,is nor only effectualsforall diteales aforefaid, co be taken 

inwardly with alittle Sugar, which Medisine rhe.dantieft Scomach thar is, will 
not refule; or outwardly by applying Cloathes or Spunges wetted therein : it 
is likewife wonderfully good tor women ro wath their tzces, co clear the skin, 
and give aluftre thereunto, The herb ic felfis very fit cocool an hort Stomach, 

aiid ro eafe the gnawing paines thereof; and are: therefore earenby fome as - 

Sallet herbs in Winterand Spring: beingboyledin wine,it is very helpfalheo 
ftay the diffolutionsof the Stomach; andthe milk that is taken from-the talks 
when they are broken, givenin drink, is beneficialte thofe rhat.are thort 
winded, and have. a wheeling withal + Erifftrarus, faith. Pliny, did. therewitli 
caule the gravel and ftone’ to be voided by Urine ; and faith, chat the eating 

thereof helpeth a ftinking breath: The Juyc¢ thereof tothe quantity of three 
fpoonfuls taken in Wine warmed, and fome Oyl put cheteto, can- 
~feth Women in Travel of Child,to. have fo eafie and {peedy deli- 

very, that they may beeafieto walk prefently after: the {aid juyce caken in 

warm drink, helpeth the Strangury, or piffing by drops; and pains in maki 

water. The decoction of che Leaves and {talks given to Nurfes,-canfeth abiial 

dance of milk, and maketh cheir Childrens faces to be well coloured, and is 

good for rhofe, whofe milk doth eurdle inthe Brealts, and this it doth by figy 

nature. When Sowes have Piggs, they do molt greedily defire it, becanle they 

know bya certain natural inftin’t, wherewith molt Brutes areindued, thac ic 
nn pa 

doth very peafe heitmilk; and for chat Reafon, I conceive ic is ealled 
by che w-Thiftle ea ee : aH 
Peta iy aE A iene: , 

Of Wake-Robin, or Cuckow-point. 


it sbue 

come now to the Nofe,and {hall ‘gin with an Herb; that nat éuly helperh i 
_ theparts aforefaid, which Janus-like, hath re{pett to what goes before, and whag 

ris called in Greck,’Ae¥;and inLatine eArum, and of fome Pes Vituli, bes 
caufe the Leaf hath fome refemblance with a Calves-foot: Some alfo call 

it Dracontea minor, and Serpentaria minor: Others again from the Fi ure 

om of the Peftle, or Clapper inthe middle of the Hole,calbit Sacerdotis Penis, 
and Camis Priapus: Orhers, Aron, and Barba-Aron: In Englith , Wake- Robin; 
Cuckows-Pintle, Priefts- Pintle, , Buckrams, and of fome, Starchwort, be- 
caufe formerly Linnen was {tarched with ir, and pure & white Starch is made of 
Hage of it, but fuch as eee ie ten of the oe thacufech = 
_ for it choppeth, bliftereth, and maketh: ‘rough, and rugged, and with- 
all, {marcing. There isa kind of Arum, whichis called, mes or Friars 

“Combes cee esters 

arkinfon in his C of Arum, reckonech up thele eight forts, 1.Com 

Wake-Robin, without jocted Wake-Robin. 3. Round leafed 
Wake-Rob 5. Broad leafed Friars Cowl. 

rides and Theopbraftus their E- 


a ee 

tian Bean whofe Roor was called Coloca fia, which he fets down to’con. 
ite the miftake of thofe, whotake Arumand Colocafia to be the fame, 

The Formes' 

e- wd 

Common Wake Robin fhooteth forth fome few Leaves ftom the Root, every 
one of which is fomewhac large and long, broad ar the bottom next chettalk; 
and forked; but ending in a point, Aiden: any det or cut on cheedees, of ar 
full green colour, each (tanding upon athick round ftalk, of a ‘hatids breadth: 
lige rmore; among which, wafer two or three moneths, that they begin to: 
wither; rifech up'a bates’ rovind, whitith ereen (talk, fporced, and Rroked with 

Purple, fomewhat higher then the Leaves ; at thétop whereof ‘tanderh along. 
hollow Hole or Husk, clofe at rhe bottern, but open trom a rnd 

nding in a point; in the middle ftandertt along flénderPeftle; of Clappe 
aller‘ ac the b 9,0fa dark Purp etoloat, ie chollsiraad 
the inifide, though green w h after it hath (6 abidden for tome time,’ 

fe hash vith e Clapper, decayethy and the foor or-bortomthereof growerks 
to be along flender bunch of Berries, ‘eteen acthe firlt, and of a Se icteatt 
colour when they are ripe, of the bigness of an Hazel Ni Kerriels which: 
deth thereon almoft till wincer. The Root is round) and fomew fe 
Fate rable Sotoy the leaves’ fhootir forth” 
ne ur ‘it, hh 

a then at Rice 

two ff forts gtow frequently under Trées, ind slot ufider every 
fice fide, thtonghout the Land. The third is found in fome places of Germany, 
Clufias faith, the fourth cane anion divers Se, from’ fe eed 
the fifth, is found in Spain anc all, che Gch in Italy, rhe Yeventh in Gar 
The laft in Fava and Surat. The four firft forts fhoot foi 
Spring, and continue buctill the middie of Sommer; of fom ae vheit 
Hofes or Husks Hire eH they fall away, and their fruic emingioete: As- 
yest, The fifth and fixth do fhoot forth their green Leaves in Amtumn 
fently after the firlt frofts have pulled down the ftalks with fruits, and bide 
| all the Winter, withering in Summer, before which their Husks appear. 
mag flowseth with his Hofe and Clappers very lates. even in the warm 
Soun: eldom before Oftober or November, and che fruit doth there feldom 
to perfectior : PS ken, and beareth fruit inthe Summer , ae 

Pit Patina, 
wt ibe net Sate : 

Jofe vealed Polypms, Th 
DE iG into th: hes cleanfeth leanfeth 

flamed, jee 
applyed, eafeth the pain 

the Bemis othe Tonic or! heV vi ne 2 wherein 

Roots alfo boy Jed in Wine wich sieleOve ideo. ed to.che Pil 
ing down of a Fundament, eafeth rhem ; and fo doth the fitting 
fumes thereof. The frefh Roots bruifed, and diftilled with a lictk > Muk,yieldeti 
a moft foveraign water Co can the skin from skurf, freckles, pots, ork 
mifhes the-frefh Rac fall, and mixed with 2 Salle, 


“The green Jeaf bier | 
w sa eae milk, 

pod to. yeasty 2: 

ae. the Paradile of. Plants. 67 

Of. the E lower de Luce, 

. The Names, 

4 He Greeks call it,’Te’s as alfo. “Heels, risen sonaneanae fome aoe 
~ ranflated it Comfecr atrix, all : huge things being counted by - 
the Ancients to be Holy; bur irwas called Iris,a caleftis Arcis fr 
militudine, quam flores ejus reprefentant ; from the Rainbow whofe va- 
Ons colours gesonet thereof aos disse harebses dome hereto- 

rhis i is an errour prac 
which fignifies a whire aie eas 
e see by changin raat fyllable, 

away spac letter ‘Deanenes. a 
if the Lilly and che Tris were all one, 

of which moft Authors make a tion : It is called. _Raaix Maria, 

it is excellent for the Piles ; and fom haye call Ni 

River Naren, by which great, , Howes : 

Mattholus, rs did fo liek t 
from him divers did fo call i roneouf, : xind of flow- 
er de lncoaa D Gladw which is a kind hereof, alfo is 

ryris 0 ob bE Pit Meleedien. quafs Raforinm cultrum, aut 
dixeris ; becaufe of it Swordlike or fharpedged Leaf, andin Latine 
Spatula,or Spathula : Farida ; for Spathd,is taken for.a {word as Gladinns i is ; and. 

T have heard it called Roft Beef, for that the leaves being bruifed {mell fome> 
what like it, ° Use Fagebinei called in Eng rare: but eatconmealy: | 
Orvis. wae ta 3igt 7 ; Es 

So many she ind don in Feri me of Pldne 
fer down ; : which are eigh he greater Broad leafed Floy 
Narroy ae : Se Fw at aia. : 4 


68__-Adamin Eden, Or, 

are nurfed up im the Gardens of thofe who are Jovers of {uch varieties, Glad- 
win croweth wild in many places, as in woods: and fhaddowy places, near the 
Sea here in England, and {o doth the Water Flowerdeluce in moift meddows . 
and in the borders and brinks of rivets, ponds, and fianding Lakes ; bur 
though it be natural to fuch places, yer being planted in Gardens it profpereth 
well. The dwarte kind of Flag Flowerdeluces, 
May, and the bulbous forts ‘nor until Fwxe, the Gladwin not till july ; The 
Seed is ripe in the end of Auguft, or beginning of Seprember - yet the husks af- 
ter they are ripe,will hold theirfeeds wich rhem two or three moneths,and not 
fied them. mega OF | | = 

The Temperature 

~ The Roots of the Flowerdeluce, when they are green and full of Juyce, are 
hot almoft inthe fourth «deeree ; but when it is dry ; it is hot only in che third; 
yet then it burneth the throat and mouth of fuch'as’ caft thereof, ~ Ir’ offendeth 
the ftomach and caufeth blood to be voided, if given in too great a Dofe, and to 
weak perfons, © It is notfafe to be taken by Women with child, becaufe ic 
bringeth down the courfes: yea. a Peflary made of the Juyce with Honey , and 
puc up intothe body, bringeth away the birth ; therefore iris not fafe to give it 
alone but with good Correstives. - In eripings ofthe bowels give ic with Ma- 
fsck in the Joynt our with Caftor, inthe Drophe with Honey of Rofes in di- 
feafes of the Liver with Rubarbe, Juyce of Agrimony, &c. SoS 

’ ‘ : . ; *. 
5 <The Signatare and Vertues. 
a “ At 2S —s sae ad, ee ae ‘é 

_ The Juyce'of che Root of the Common Fowerdehice, being firk exerasedaf- 
terwards feta whileto clear, and then: put up into the Nofrills, provokerh 

at thoush forme one 
itmay be appropri- 
rit eafech the pain of 
Cake and Vinegar: ir 
esbycleanfing them. The 


di : the head and being ridinred on the brea it 
ch to extent or rake thin, totigh and told phlegm making « more cay 
“it heiperhthe flench of he Nofttils, the pdin and noi in ‘the'Ears, 
it felf,green or in powder,doth 
ts with flefh the naked bones 
= se nee Fiftulaes | 
S : . _ Ae helper the ‘pains and fwellinos of 
the Cods,if it be thus uted ; Take of thé roots in powder halfan ounce, Gina- 

she’ i t 0'€ 
ro {pie oli? 


wine, shy 1 warm co the 

ter fo apply it wich red Rofe water, anda little 

manner of  Puitis. Moreover a decottion 

feth the Tooth-ach, and helpeth a flrong or 

ttle Honey, and drunk, it purgeth and 

h phleeme and choler therein ; it like- 

and 1, By evacHating thofe humours both 
wards :iteafech alfp the paines of the y and fides, ‘rhe fha- ~ 

‘ : king 

flower in April, the greater in , | 


"the Paradife ‘of Plants. | Paes a 9 


- — ee 

g of Agues, ‘the difeafes of the Liver and Spleen, the Worms in the belly,the 
King 0 in the Reins ; Convulfions or Cheeni line come of cold humours, and 
bel — whole feed paffeth trom them unawares. It isa remedy again{t 

gs and ngs of venemous Creatures, being boyledin water and Vi- 
shar being boyled in Wine and drunk it provokerh Urine and 
the Cholick. An: Eleétuary made hereof, called Diazireos Solomonis,is' yery, 
good for the Lungs, and helps cold infirmities of them, as Asthmaes;Goughsy 
cificulty of breathing, &c. You yor tai er eng ark Senet 
Roficacatime andofen.. oi (1999 98 

; wate > ee 45 mere ts 



od ; 4 
<= _ eS = p> = 
et ewrs i 2 

Tis calledin or esa 
Equ'ferum, or Canda Eq 
of an oan 

a ails as Equinalis, and | 
me hix Equina and Sangupalis,fcom the poweallef 
. ee bic, and of others; Afprellabecaute of 1 its ruegedneffe 
hath not formerly been unknown to Somes -Houtwives, w. chthe re 
kind hereof, calledin 4, : 

spb ios tc 5 ~~ DhePidees and Time, 

‘eee Social ii orow, generally abiblidoun shin Land, bocfomeot 
Bientaeaot- fo frequent as others, -as the imalleft and fineRt Leafed Hortetail. 
which groweth in the lower wet gr ounds, in the woods about Highgate not far 
from London: Small parcy. coloured Horfetail or Horferail coeliac ae 

the teeth)groweth on abog by. S; “awood nigh Bathe” ‘The Sci 

Horfetail ais found by Mr William yee of Magdalen Colledge, m nee and 
others in 2 bog paboar RAP ntie Belerstteens houfe in Stow Wood; by 0 Oxford 
by the Road hed goeth to Jip. “Youmay guefle where the reft grow by their 
titles : they do all I fpring ring up pach their blackifh heads in cAprill, and put forth 
their b Catkins in July, feeding for the moft part in Augu/f, and then 
a iba the ground, rifing gape pay. 

The Te ermperature, 

Hisecstg Galen {aith, hai a bitiding faculty with fome oem! aad 
therefore it doth mightily dry, and that without a Bs : am 

sien ; The Verkade”: se nbetta: oe es Rpinia' —_ 
Ow this plant then in this places Obes 
¢ rit torch at the Nofe 

+ c. Boral ie of foul ‘moit nd tun. 
ohn green wounds, not Telicires 
‘ures in Children gulp 

ae the Paxadife of Plants. , 7% 

Of Shepheards 24 e: 
J be Naweh: 

His Plant hath not gotten any name in Greek that Ican learn ois any 
Author. All Latine Writers that make mention of ir,call it Bar{a,or. Pe~ 
xa Paftoris, and Pagtoria Burfayexcept Gefner who calleth it Ti blafpi 
Fatuum ;andCaftor Durantes, Herba Cancri,, In Englifh it is calied 
Sekersise purfe or Scrip, from the likeneffe the Seed hath with that kind of lea- 
therne bag,w Shepherds carry their Vidtualls into the field: of fome, Shep. 
herds pouch and poor mans Parmacery, it being in fome fort effedtual for the fame 

ey Ces Sergeeeey is; BS and in the North part of England peer mf 

d Cafeweed, ond el of fome Clappedepouch, 

Thefe were former] beh two inecs of Sheers pe own, but Baw: 
maketh paticular ney bn of two mores. : Medecond alia ‘tan, 
there are four kinds in all. 1 rhe: repheras pale, 2, Great 
Shepherds p , r i 3, Small Sepheciarta, 4. Hairy “Moun- 
ans - The Forme. 

The Common Shepherds purfeshath divers {mall atidJong leaves fomewhdr deep- 
ly cut-in, on both fides like Rocker, of a ‘pale 2 oreen colour, moft commonly 
{pread upon the Ground ;amongft which rifeth v 2 {mall round ftalk parted into . 

feverall branches,fome of which are fometimes about = handfulls high, g have 
{maller and leffe {divided leaves on them ro the tops : where -Mmanyswhire 
Aowers tie above another, after which follow flat ehitith $ or Se 

fels, {mall ar the bottoms, broad atthe’ heads, id rag likethe ThLaf 
ith forin ‘of an heatc, in teach fide | cee vetlts Gall , ie 1 yek 
the roor_ eer, and "white, and ot se ed-ti 

PE PIE orbs if e | 

IVE Seth KGa SS im = ie ly ce 
tsp aatiays oD us pele 

33 td shiveedioete inti 
boys vonn ms ThE Places ie. to 

The greater and leffer forts thar have eat leaves, afe frequent in every | 
with us in England, bur ihe other rae leaves a ar do not ae 

way, and fometimes continu 
dangereth the lite. For 

it cu ring an 2S ttine of blood and matter 
the holy fire, fivellings and hatdnets; Shinioles; heat oF Ronnacs 1, Hew wounds, 
cles, heat of the | 

hor Impofthumes, and rheumatick fores ; “And all other Kind of Fluxes, . 

a Te 

eS Me ae eee cane 


ae : _ ’ ‘es 
¥ ; - 
» . * he % 
oe ey Ae an, e a bene es z : 
on é; ety thigditsdd ance 
: =. * Sod a aes Sted kad Fk 
* ‘ res 
‘ a ae — : ’ ref & ~ et 97 7 
a 4 oo eh ‘ é ; ; 
= ‘ ’ 
rr ‘ . oe ‘ 
ars ‘ Pa igkry cf Strcecrte.. +i ‘ 
5 2 : aur sh pee 5 ' 

ye ee > * bi ~ 

aris: git 

oe * 8 

oo. are ~ 
pass FE | 
he eee + ee eee. cae} 
i ts: > % ¥* 


MOT? oP F* spe € 

PRE The S “ J 2 
OE She Nemes, 2 
t > 



ae ee oe 
Willow.4.The hard black Willow.s The black Wit The round leafed 

cae a = , : : 
1] Bf ir uit Se hg 

y- I thall defcribe only che firft, Sx bvaaed ck I 


the Paradifeof Plants. 33 
The ordinary whice Willow eroweth quickly ro be a.gteat and tall Tree, if ir 

be not lopped, as itis ufuall in moft places; with a {modoth white bark on the bo- 
dy, and bigger branches, the’ younger {prigs being fomewhat greeii with the 
whit : the Leaves are Jong and narrow, pale, green on the upper fide, and of 
a fhining filver white colour underneath, without any dent on the edeés > the 
Flowers come out before the Leaves appeare, and are {mall, long, and round 
yellow moffie heads, felling fweet for the moft part, divers ftanding one above 
another, upon a long ftalk, which intime turnto down, that is blown away by 
the winde, and the Seed with it, ific hath any : The wood is foft and white, and 
with the branches hereof are made fakes for hedges, or ro uphold Vines. g&c, 

The Places and Time, 

Moft of thefe Willows are common, be found in low grounds, near 
Water Courfes and ditches; the Rofe Willow in fundry places of ee and Cam. 

Rumney Mar(h, and the 


The Temperature, 

cond degree andafiringent, _ ers oe < See 

¢ Leaves, Flowers, Seed, aad Bark of Willows, are cold and dry in thefe~. 

apg HES err wee caf? 
i ee > Gale 2 eee ee 

praia ear aap ae 


Silver, in equall quantity, made into an Oummnen, and uf ed 0 on any place, where 
the hair groweth, chat you would take away, after it hath been bathed well be- 
fore, or eife in the bain or Stove,doth caufe it to fall away. This Plant is not pro- 
agated by Seed; but any ftick thereof, though almoft withered,being fixed in the 
dart , groweth: which Sgeyeshrs coms nly y declare, that a Bath made of the de- 
coction of the Leaves, and Bark of Willow, reftoreth again, withered and dead 

ers, ro their Spates Seng if ahey ben nourifhed with the fomentatiors 

of Biftort. 
The Names, 

“Ywhat Nannie the Greciant called this Plant; is not eS but 2 
mong{ithe Latines it hath divers. It is called Biftorta,quod rads in [@ 
lerpentis modo contorta & couveluta conftet,by Fragas, | ‘Onicer ous and 

Ba others, and Colxbrina of the fimilitude the Root hath with 
roti it felfup together. Parkinfon faith, that Fafchius calleth it Serpentaria, 

erp rit which though it happily en 
n , Ican findesbuc very much bla= 
a Axi being at uF 

dean’ yney,and the Larines Drachcslas and Sorjerse HORAENE in ith all 
: Dragons: but Biffort is not called 1 Dragons, but Snakeweed, Eng 
= The ccs 55 50 
“alle Biftores da c Ican find, are not epg : 

rihed copethe, ‘of an harfh : Oca ‘i! 

an pointer Dine ade tee fore oF 
ncolour on the upper i de, and ofan Afh colour ayy 
rit eth pias in : fron 

— . the Paradife.of Plants. 75. 
Mill at Sti:Adbans, about: an Acres breadth,’ or fomewhat more from the River 
fideswherethe common Bifiort groweth plentitully,thongh ir be chiefly nourifhi's 
edin Gardens: : The fourrhyeroyerh ink Vefimertand, about Crofby, in Comber 
landabout Ravenswaith, in York-(hire, Lancafhire, and divers other places. The 
third groweth on the high Hills un Silefa, and other places. The two laftare found 
orithe Alps, in dives places ; and the ait alfo amongft the Switzers. They all~ 
flower about the end of May F and the Seed is ripe about the beginning of Fuly, 

: The Temperature, 
i RO *° Th 

.) weit & 

Biflort is cold and dryin the thir Degree, and very afiringent, 

from thie colour of the inlide of them,the acher, ftom the wrie . 

thar itis effectuall co fayth . 

and {pircing ot bloods as al~, 
likewile vomitung:; rhe Powder 

Oo Orunk, » 
- ‘ 

reft way 1s th thenawith the difitlled 

Pow ‘ 

ae . he 

joe therero= It is cood alfo ro aften the. 
sheatand Inflammation chat happen aswell in the Jawes, Almonds ot the, 
aroat or Mouth : ifthe decoction of the Roots, Leayes, or Seeds be ufed, or rhe 

ed Root taken isdn expel 

fels, Purples, or any ott 

g uptures or but{tings, or all brui 
gealed blood,and eafing the pains th: t happe 
ing made with Wine, and drunk, hindereth abortion, chat. is, when. Women are 
apt tomilcarry in Child-bearing, the Leaves kill worms in Children, and is a great 
helptothem that cannot keep their water : if fome juyce of Plantain. 
thereto, which applyed outwardly, doth give mx 1 no . 
ning of the Reins. A dram of; the Pow. er 
wherein {ome red hot Iron or Steel hath 

thereto, fo asthe bo 

Posy Rance 
ten - ig aeleepeaccs 


from a deaths twoot slidliecty whieh is itade by boing a sidcamed quantiey OEM MS 
the root,fappofe two drachms,and boyling it in half’a pintof-Pofler drink til. 
——— eae Graimicand eer to be: aiticieds itva morn—9 

ois vas dee? S : ark} 

‘d nee 

i : = 3 - 
rs . re 
® ee. ® ee a ee “a aid 5 iJ ay -& avd o HM 

The Mamtbeess 

parts and- sicher titties; is the Yea al i 2 
Elder, Walnut tree, 8c. the great. Centory , 
Valerian," ‘Sc. is:or divided; as Trefoil, Coit oe ormentil 
A Latine Tormentilla, with valet adver{ys tormenta ts 
and 7 se a ira or Seprifil i 
Bat b € anime DF 

rp 4 a ee 
re da F Noa, > ‘tp. 

a ot he Se ity 

Femi dae’ ‘one’ f fe rt of Torm : till known, ‘Buthidiy Clete dee Rae gz 
non-Tormentil: 2: The grestey Totmhentit: 3 ‘Silver leafed Tormentil 

ee Sere nt ee ay , nes 
7 t‘. «. es tim oy 
x LS . - 

tifing fre 
fanding 1 pee with? 

pate ee 

~ a _ the Raraditeof Plan anew. = 

mnt se 

The Temperature. 

The root of Tormentil doth mishtily dry, and! that i in the third degre, and is of 
thin parts ; it hath in ic but little heat, and is ofa binding quality ; and therefore 
it mu(t not be given to dry bodies ner toTich? as are very collive, 

The Signature and Vertues, 

; The redneffe of the ean he-root of Tormentil. is an eminent tok 
ic 3s moft excellent. ip fay all kinds of eine blood or humours in Man 6r Wo 
man, xia ar Nok ©). Mout eee y wonnd i inthe Veins or elfewhere 

It provok expells poifon and ocure = wounds 5. ; the herb, t 
Water are i \ Iris iuled iarhe eet. ence and, 1ofy f cileates 
as {mall Pox; Mealels, Purples, and (p ats eavers, driving forth by tweat any”! 
contagion, efpecially if che Flux ofthe belly be joyned with thefe difeafes. Iris 
ufefull in Catarrhes to dry up the rhéums ; “arid in the French difeafes, and cene- 
raily tor alLocher chings,that, Bitor is good forand may be ed for the ame, The 
digalled Water,ot Tormentil tak ken ina mo aug faliing, i elle nt ALD Ve- 
nom, or any contagion, and is agood pre‘eryative : 10h 


the herb b all Mt siche: in Wine,and Then difiall ic, Balyno Marie. The wa- 

ter thus difti!led caken with fome Venice Treacleyand the party laid prefently 
to {iveat wail certainly, by Gods help, expel any Venom or Poi‘on, rhe Plague, 

Feaver, &c, For. it is an.ingredient of fpeciall sein a all Antidotes or Coun-- 
terpoilons,. The powder. of ofthe doe dryed root made up withthe white ofan Eggin 
the. form of a little cake, d baked n upon an hor Tile, will fay all fluxes, fefirain® 
all cholerick belchings,¢ ie Oe: vomiting with loarhings in the flomach. ‘The. 
Leaves and Roots being bruifedand applyed, diffolve all. Knots, Kerriels, and’ 
Hardneffe gathered about the Ears, throat and Jawes,and the Kings Evil ae The 
fame alfo ealeth the pains of the Sciatica or Hipgout by ftraining the fharp hu- 
mours that flow thereto : the Juyce of the Leaves and roots ed with alittle Vie 
sta isa fpecial remedy againft running fores. of the head or other parts ; {cabs 
‘and the itch, or med eruptions inthe skin proceeding of faltand {harp 

- I Be ne 

ot 0 es ual, for 


the Base Of., scaapet ec bods 3 a they.b 

wat eh Jig | 5 ogee ath “spate fe ee 
Ic $= found allo he ul to.d fharp Rhe it har cifillech fr eae head 

into. the. Eyes; caufing rerinelics Pah » waterings, r the. dikes i fa 
Hislepeprel Ti Tag or rps e be wed wil with the “he ded ye here- 

; eS 
$3 aoe “ns : fee , * 
=a : , =| 2 d- : pe | 

~ *% ee : 2 
OF a +2Se SS res 

ty ae lee 


= 3 va 
ON rene BS » 

: “The N Wames? 

ber cate Wir ee et mut paiva utward f 
Pa ou lire ‘called in ¢ 

uae & 

not bone for; Chole nines eckoned up 
purpo‘e. I. Great Cinch 2, Conteh Cle 
Cinckfoil. 5.Sctone Cinckfoil. 6, prot Cine 
Cinckfoil, a aed Seas tds 

. ny 

Lote eee Ge ace enelioher OER dened bowtie es, and 

fomewhat hard. "The falks aré flender, leaning downwards, buries ad | 
ellow Flowers thereon, with fome yellow chredsin the middle, ftandine about 

oot green head, which when i it is ripe fea ricttet ou 

brownifh feeds. The Roots ofabh dlackifh brown colou: 

shes 2 al win 
er dy a vit 
shen in the Woods of ‘vena and Narbon. - 7! he“ 


GEOMEck and Scouts noth Loedoa Pifervensh, ¢ on the Alps of Rens 
near Clavena, The eighth, inthe hollownefs of Peakifh Alps ~ |B 

—_-velly Valleys. The laft groweth in Woods, The Plants do flowre = smth 
_ ginning of A4a7, to ee =: 


the Paradifeof Plants. 79 

Common heldto. be effeStuall for all: the purpofes, wheteunto 
Biftort and Tormentill, is applyed;as well for prefervin -againft venomous and in- 

feStious Creatures and Difeafés, in each refpect, as in keeping from putretaction, 
for binding and reftraining Fluxes, dichet of bldedex SimNUTs, which are excef= 
five, efpecially bleeding at the Nofe, which it performeth, ifthe juyce be drunk in 
Ale, or red’ Wine, or the Roors ‘or Leaves applyedto the No. Some hold, that 
one Leat cures a Omotidian, three aTe tian, and four a Quartan, which isa meer 
whim(ey ; butthe truchis, if you givea afcruple of it, (which is twenty grains) at a 
time, either in White-wine, or White ivine-Viegat you fhall feldom mitle the 
Cure of an Ague in three firs,be it what it will, even to admiration, asMr, Culpep- 

, - Thej is sp ai a aun pei 
da: cowethiets cureth the Our the yelle dice taken fort 
dayel together, cureth the Falling-Sicknels. The Roots boyled in milk,and drunk, - 
isa moft effectual Remedy for all Fluxes, either in Man or Woman, whether the 
whites, reds, or Bloody Flux. The Roots boyled in Vinegar, andthe decogtion 
thereof held in the mouth, eafeththe pains ofthe Tooth-ach, The juyce, he de- 
coétion taken with alittle Bae shel athe hoarinels of the Tea is good 
forste Comrie g: | of the 

fe bciekins XD Mon <3:9/ 

a eee 

His Plant is seer I thal eat ~The 
Gosek Biaracs of it are, . -KuwAaiguros 3 Je byt 

otartha a Cirewlo, becaule boch the Leaf and the 

1 pe aio 

. above the Earth ; of fomeO 
lame ite, In Shops; 

2 et 
eo ee ee 
— — - 

The Forme, 
‘The common kind Esepyr-trcaitia many green and sonndJeates, like un- 

to Afarabacca, faying t upper part 0 yes are mixed here and there, 
colour : amongft which nife up little flems, like the ftalks of Violets, _ 

- the top {mali purple, or murrey coloured Flowers, which turn themfelves back- 
wards, of afmall {cent or favour, or none at all : which being paft, there fucceed 
little round knops or heads, that contain {lender brown feeds: thefe knops are _ 
wrapped after atew dayés in the {mall ftalks, as thred about a bottom, where it 

maineth fo defended trom the injury of the winter, clofe upon the ground, co-. 
yered alfo wath the green Leaves aforefaid, by which means it is kept from the 
froft, even from the time of his feeding, which is in September untill June, at 
what time the leaves do fade away, the ftalks and feed remaining bare and naked, 
whereby ic enjoyeth the Sun the fooner, co bring them to maturity : the Root 
is round, like a Turnep,. black without, and white within, with many {malt 

The Flacés and Time, — 

The firft groweth plentifully about eArtors, and Vermandois in France, and in : 
the Forreft of Arden, The fecond,which is the beft of all,in many places of Jtaly. 
The third on the Pyrenean Hills. Gerard faith, that he hath heard thae! ow-bréad 
croweth on the Mountains in Wales, on the Hills of Lincolnfhire, and omer [et~ 

ire, which I never heard of fr wt him who had it but from Se eal 
in the Catalogue of Britifh Plants : notwithftanding, it is frequent i 
andis nurfed up there, more for its Flowerthen any thing elfe, becanfe it is in ics 
‘prime, when moft others are decayed ; for it flowreth in September, and after-_ 
wards, when the Plant is without Leaf, which do afterwards {pring up, continu 
ing green all winter,covering and keeping warm theSeed unto Mid/ummer nexty. 
at what time the Seedis ripe. The third flowreth in the Spring, and therefore it 
is called Cyclamen vernum, or Sow-bread of the Spring, ae a 
of. JOM ol oxmoiselen At Ne Sele MEAT get Sel atts otal 2h paging 


a So aes 

difilled warer from the Roots of Sow-breads {nutfed 
emaigns “oseae Migr and that if fix Ounces 
At purgeth fomey 


r fleep in Aquavisa for three dayes, a drop or two of che expreffed ca 
| thereo 


of the Bowels, 

the Paradife of ‘Plants. ee St 

thereof dropped into the Ears that are deat, or have much noyfe, helpeth them’ 
the juyce mixed with Honey, or Phantain-warer, helpeth all foresin the month 
or throat, being gargled therewith, and the Tooth-ach alfo,._ The. jnyce of it o- 
peiiech the Hemorrhoides or Piles,and ftrongly moyeth to the Stool,being put up 
in Wooll, and faich CAfefwes, ic avoideth cough Flegme ufed in a Clilier: Icis 
alfo ufed with finch Medicines, as difcufs fwellings, Kernels, and other hard 
knots, in any part of the body : It helpeth alfo the Pin and Web in the Eyes,be- 
ing iniufed with Honey, as alfo avoideth it by the Nofirils, and that by fnuffing 
up the juyce, the head and brain is purged from thole humours that offend it, the 
Ach allo, and daily pains of it, ahd the Meagtim, This Plant belongeth to the 
womb by Signature, and therefore as Theo; braftws afirmeth, the frefh Root put 
into a Cloth, and applyed fora Jirtletime, to the fecret parts of a Woman, that is 
in {ore and tong Travail in Child-birth, helpeth them to an eafie and fpeedy deli- 
very, bur it is dangerous cill chen, c6 be nedled with. by Women with Child,be- 
cauieit will makethem mifcarry. It is profitable for cho’ that have the yellow 
Jaundice, to drive it forth by fiveating, ifafter the taking of threedrams ofthe — 
Powder in Mead or Honeyed water, they be carefully ordered to {weat : It help- 
eth alioto cleanfe all the deformities or difcolonrings of the skin,and the Freckles - 
and {pots thereof, as well frefh as dry. The Juyce mingled with Vin p. 
eth the falling down of the Fundament, if it be anoint vi 

of Sow-bread, and the Juyce of , 
ther, and Aloes, Myrrh, and O} 
the Nofe, if ic be applyediee 
with P. 


thE’ Nofirils, and fore-head. And thus T have done 
Driatéd to rhe Nofe, for ché Polypus, and the Ropping 


tine, Afefpilas, and che fruit Méezea 
this Afedlar-Trée is 

oe Ae nee 

82. Adam inden, Or, 



es el The F orme. 

The eae aac fies groweth near to ‘Rie bignefs of ee Quince-cree,ipread- 
‘ing forch branches, of a reafonable fize, with longer and narrower Leaves, then 
‘either the Apple or Quince, and not dented about the edges. At the end of the 
| sprigs ftandche Flowers, made of fair white great broad pointed Leaves, nicked 
‘in rhe middle, with fome white threds alfo: atter which, commeth the fruic of. 
brownihh gi colour, being ri gtipe ; being a Crown as it were on the top, which 
_ -were the five green Leaves: which being rubbed of, or fallen away, the head of the 
fruit is teen tobefomewhat hollow. ‘The fruit is very harfh, betore ic be mel- 
lowed, and hath uft ae five hard Kernells Within i it, 

- + 

The Places and erg 

ge 5 

See ie 

rhe Ofthele forts grow with us here in England: ae two fir do srow in. 

‘Gee and fometimes in hedges, amongft Bryars and Brambles ; and the lat 
with fome few lovers of rarities: The other an have {carcel ly been feen in this 
Countrey. They flower in May tor the mof part ; but the fruitis not ripe till 
Septemberor Ottober: after which, they muft lie ill they be as it were rotten, be- 
fore they be fit ro be eaten, 

<a The Ti emper atttres 

* bak Ga =- 

the. Leaves are of the fame na- 

—Suppofe eat oak tobe a ages which fome call by anerher na teats well 
may be, and then we may appropriate it to the mouth by Signature ? Howev 
- the mouth is not only gratified by its pleafant raft, being mellow, and ordered 

= with Honey or Sugar ; but the decoction of them is good to gargle and wath the » 

mouth, throat and teeth, whe eee defluxion of blood, or humours, to 

ftay chem, which otherwi‘e might ce fwellings, to bind thofe diftil 
lations, and to eafe the pains: The fame alfo ferveth well, borh to drink, and to 

fi Sel joerpeny but if a Pultis, 
id mixed with the. juyce of Bee 
iT work more effi 

h alfo for a good bath, | 

Bern yy 
bind and to og oever hath ‘need of thofe 

- often rioieatapmentoftrise of 

heir longings afer unfall mes ae ne 
ot LO mifcarry, and makethem joyful Mochers Ther of 
e, and is alfo accounted more effeStual for che'p 

Waptes: is a ae 

ee ene 

the Bomach warm, chat is giv ven <a Joaching, cating, , OF vomiting, by forti- 2 

y be added, anda little redCo- oe 

kly: both Sethi: reait. dl 

; Kidneys and chat by Signature. oe 

a CHa 


ee | the Paradife of ‘ Plants. er ~ 

Of the|M: ulberry | Tree. 
2 40! J esboepbe yivamnesyi0] 729Bib Yo 4 -crsdinly 

fx tree is samedi: Greek bein wie Maven iid Spear 
rus a Moraé;ftom its flownerlé to pur forthits” Leaves, 

foro ali crees it buddeth Jaf, which ic'feldom doth before wath 
cold weather being paft ; and therefore the = Writers were wont 
callit,che wifeft tree, Icis called in fhops Morus celfa quafi excelfa, as a di. 
ftinSion between it and the Bramble’ G#bus,° whofe Berries are alfo called 
but bars ‘is added co know 5 a 


mabey pe caer Pr wevtis yet 

as Common black Mulberry tree groweth very great and pat the bey. and 
and branches arms ane covered with a ee igged mio the -bo 

ene Peotrcuinioeakae fruit madeof grains, fet toge 

coe dhe och nd fowre, bitafrerwatds — 
w are full ripe; being full ofa fweetith’ Jayce; * rt 
agers artd months of them that gather andearthem 5" where’ i 

d ner 

Hts ean 

- e Pi : i, il 
fee they mt ne the infusions to that 

_ Row the wa! then thought « is revived 

mat Samuel Harslib aire, of pre tng 

which 1 in Auge, _ on / "The =n kind groweth, along ‘the Mount fide fide 
in Aferton Colledge Orchard , halfadozen at leait clofe by one another which 
never perfecteth 1 its fruit, as s Thi before, 

‘The Mulberry is of different sien diecoe berries by reafon of their fweetnefle 
and inane moifture opening chebeliy, a andthe unripe binding it - ; elpecially 
| 1 the: ed:andare then goodro flay. fluxes, and lasks, and ab 
mens es; but the bark ofthe root hath a {ironger purging ¢ plicy 
vitha Ls sbelrieaany young render ops bap 4 amid 

- ~ ¥ 

= a os i = Shea ol gee 

The Juyce of Mulberries or fyrrup made of them, helpéth all ietiabicons 
and fores in the mouth or throat, andthe Uyula or Palate ofthe mouth wyben ic 
is fallen down, The Juyce of the leaves is a remedy againft the biting of Serpents; 
and for thofe that havetaken Aconite or Wolfsbane, The’ leaves beaten with = 
negar 1s good to lay on any place that is burnt with fire, Adeco@ion made of 
the bark and leaves, is goodto wafh the mouth and teeth whentheyake, Icis 

’ peported that if rhe root be a litrle flit or-cut, anda {mall -hole-made-in the | 
big next thereunto in che harveft rime; ic will give outa certain Juyoe,which 
napeaed | is $16 next oy of good ufe to help the Toothach, to difolve 

s arefa be ee bleeding at month and nofe, 


eee the Places, 

me Mate come wa pie fee ay 

ace.’ The bai je root killeth-the broad worms in he bodies of 
1 Ti eves of che vine ot the-early. Fig, and of the Mulberry bi 

3 ; 900d-t ee ee ees © ichave a. clear andfairco- 
they be taken. before meat; do. 

wera Soikck ber bert ed and 
oh are the moft natural food 
aath gone before - of which there 
9, Spain and France, if we had ia 

— the Paradile of Plants. “85 FF 

CHAP, pts 2 tered 

te Of Mints. 

eh egret at | The Names, 

T was called b chivald Gamciaie 5 pte (as Pliny scones tie allows 
_ed the flory of th Poets, that faith «it was fo named trom miy3y one of 
aBJaroes Monians whos eteamned into this herb ; but ofthe later, jnfouG- 

nitare seep ceece ying {weet 

‘The Kinde. » Aypliag 22k 

_ ite mued ad wild Mins, 1find a dozen kinds, i Hare Mineo 
Mint. 22% gio Go } a 

The great c rled Mint Sean saiine nur 

wild Mint. 8 

then other plants, 1; ‘eaiha Rot be fo injurious as to-let ic nore pubes one 
po be t DRaDee reer. Te i 12n F $s which i third: kind above < 

ae lose ers 
Po aes pga a 

forts are 
both with nos at leet 
other forts are likewife y de 
thofe is, love uch, kind of plas in 

aswell as wild min 



Penden Orn 

and Coriander added and gargied likewite, and held in the mouth, cauteth the 
Palate of che mouth that isdownto return to its place :applyed with Mead or 

of the Fundament. Two or three bratiches thereofraken ‘with the Juyce of 
Pomgranats,{tayeth the Hiccough, Vomiting, and allayeth.Choler : it diffol. 

up bodily Luft ; but thereof roo much muf-not be taken, beeaufe it maketh © 
the blood thin and wheyifh , andturneth ir into Choler ; and therefore Cho» 
lerick perfoms muft abftain from it. It is’a fafe medicine for the biting of a 
mad Dog, being bruifed with falt and laid thereon. The powder of ic beim 
taken after.meat helpeth digeftion- and thofe that are Splenetick: taken in wine 
it helpech women in their fore “Travel:in Child-bearing. Iris‘good alfo an 
gainft the. Gravel and Stone in the Kidnies, and the Srangury; ‘Te fuffereth 

the venemous 
Throat, if the J 
ebinkeng see re 

ey a ‘# F os end em - a . 
P S87 SISIWD eM Sok whe: . 
ee a ee " ; he ie sak. X 

the Paradile of Plants. 85 

© The Kindes, nh 

There be not many forts of Purjlane in all, and therefore I will put them to- 
cether, 1. Garden Purflane.2. Wild Purflane. 3. Camertrins his Purilane, 4, 
dy Purflane. 5. Sea-Purflane, 

* 25s The Form, 

The Places ae Time, 

The firft is fowend Gardens, and delight to growin a4 uit 
not dry. . The fecexd groweth about Ramfey. fi 
Rape- Mills. The third was fou ¢ 

he firs | ores Piediiconaeen 

ee) We 
hi melt affirmeth, Parnan Prowedi | fa thesSaig Marlhss, alareie 
yas ver ar Kings Perth into the Ifle of Sheepey,coing to Sherland- 
Honfe. and in the Ifle of Thanet, as you go trom Margate to Simndeessh ; and in ° 
many other places along the Coaft, “Garden-Purflane may be fowénin Afarch 
or April : ix flousifheth, and is a cill i it tbe towar ie 


Michaelmas, _Sea-Purflaneisa little : 
ciel ginee: Leaves: and | oo in July. 

Pur flane is cold, and that in che third ec,andmoyftin the fecond,but PVA 
Purflane i isnotiomoyft, Sea-Pyrflawe is (as Galen faith) of unlike parts, bur the 
een aia with | eet, oe 

Sins aps 
"There and Sigvarare, 3 

Raw Parflane’ is much ufed in sallets with Oil, Salt, and Vinéear : j — . 
_an hor Efomech, baits proyoketh. ra It cooleth ie are sehirg ind cams a 
away in of the Teeth, and wageth thé fivell ums, aridfafien- 
éth the: feud in them, and is goo slings oF : " 

fharp things: : It is likewi'e g 

ore Regen cee ngutheth he bes and 
_ creation. The ruife int ‘Winey and pivest 
y lech the Wena The juyce of the Herb is heldas. ret 
-aforefaid : ea mies and ta 

_ adam in Eden, Or, \ 
eth an oldand dry Cough, fhortnefS of breath, and the Ptifick, and tiayeth immo- 
derate thir. It is alfo fingular good in the Inflammations, and Ulcers of the fe. 
cret parts in Man or Woman, as alfo of the Bowels and Hemorrhoides,when they — 
are uicerous or excoriations im them. -The Herb bruifed and app} fore ml 
head and Temples, allayeth exceffive heat therein hindering reit and fleepand ap. 
piyed to the Eyes, taketh away the redneis and inflammation in them ; and thole _ 

_ other pares where Pufhes, Wheals, Pimples, St. Anthonies fire, and the like,break 

forth, efpecially, ifa little Vinegar be put toit: And being laid to the neck, with 
as much of Galls and Linfeea together, taketh away the pains therein, and the 
_ © Crick in the Neck, ‘The. juyce isufed with Oyl of Rofes for the faid Canfes, or | 
“for blaftings by lightening, and burnings by Gunpowder > OF fer Womens fore 
. Breafts, and to allay the heat in.all other fores or hurts : Applyed alloto the Na- P 
Yels of Children chat fick forth, it helpech them. The diflilled water of rhe Herb, 
“is uled by many (as che more Pleafing) witha little Sugar, for many of the fame _ 
effects, Camerarins faith, that ic taketh away the pains of the teeth, when all eee 
‘ther Reimedies fail, and that che thickened juyce made in Pills, with the Powder — 
Of Gum“Fragacanth and Arabick, being taken; prevaileth much tohelpthofechac 

make a bloody water, es - 


y : , - an ee: Ty So a 
: ney i ea ee Soe A 3 * 
; The Names. 35 es : feet 5 ee 

_becanfe the branches are likea Golden Rod, ceAnguillara thought ic rnjahthe 
the Lexcographis of Pli becanfe it is faidin the debeivcipin stich hari 
7 is found fometimes with Shite ftrakes in the Leaves; but why Taberinonta. 
—_eethould take itco be Symphuum Pesresm, is not known, Ti Englith, Golds 

oe — Allck fects hereof. that Ican find, are but three, 1.The ordinary Golden Risa 

xs Arnold of Villa Nova ot the new Town, his Golden Rod, 3.Golden Rod of 

rT hath no Greek Name that Ican learn. In Latine it is called Aurea (7; 


= ae The Forme, ety a s 2 : ‘ y2 

Si Foe toad ge st too 

es : ye 

the Paradife of Plants. 89 

-_— ck eel am 

The sion and sas 

The firft croweth in divers ohices of chip and; in the open places of Woods 
dnd Copies, both in mo yftaiid dry grounds; ‘but. efpecially in Hamp/teed-VVood, 
near unto the Gare that Meadeth out of the Wood, unto a Village called Kentifh- 
Town, riot far from London : ina Woodb ee inEgex ; in Southflees alto, 
and in Swanfcombe-Wood near Gr Second is not fo frequent,yet that 
is found alfo in fome places of Hampfteed-V) Vood, though {paringly. The fers ne 
ftom America, as the Title fhews. The: fr dovereth ‘later later then ‘t 
Which is about Faly, arid thé: il in perenne of Ange 
e-. alio —_ Ane? — 

wD +f itr: ‘ eo ; ie eS 

“ Hoa s : The 
aie sft 

~~ Golder Rod is fee seat heyaenthe cond Degree ; it ‘Seanleth witha certain 
Paiaomortontinng ee bite. f - ig 

The Vitus . 

This Herb is of e/peciall ufe i 
and throat, or in the privy pz 

ion thereof,like- | 
vile hel peti 

re pofe in the Gums, It is much commen- 
i the Reins isd Kidneys; and to provoke Utine in a+ 
‘bi 5 whereby the gravel or fone engendered in the urirory parts, by raw 
oe tough flegmatick humours, may be wafhed down into the bladder > from 
growing into a fone in thofe parts, and thence may be avoided with the Urine; 
the decotion of che Herb, green or Oa r the diftilled water thereof, is 
teétnall tor inward bruifes: asalfo outwardly applyed: the fas 
_ eth bleedingsiin any part of the body, andof wounds alfo, and the 
menfiruall Courfes in Women; and the Fluxes of the belly and 
a bloody ee or Woman ; ‘it isnoleffepre 
urftings, to h drunk, and outwardly | it 
atanade of many, vie ond coaeaenesandie c 
_ wounds and hurts in the body,and for either green wou! 
r ol lice esmemiinmmesaiasticcice oe iro sft 

Crown an Ounce;but fine ieee fescmd tobe fo pret on Si old fr bal | 
~ andother places in England, no man will givehalfa Crown for an hundred — 

weight of it. And here I may take an occafi ion, as Gerrard doth, to i as 
inconftancy, and fudden eels of the people oft is Ag 10 effeem 

jonger of any thing (he rprec Oev then | 

veritying that common ve ar fercht, and dear 
Neither are many Phyfici 

haye — stored ate aod 

pei speach Cra will not 

rf eee comake ue 


_ vg hi eet rall en lae omewhat more particularly, ro fois 
of. uch P. thn ra cme mee called the SCURVY: 

been unknown to the ancien reek. Writers, becaule they name it nor : 

And though fome imagine it ro be PL s Britannica, yet Gerard and Parkinfon, 
who were curious comparers of Simples, are both of Seion, that ir cannot be 
it. The more modern] atine Writers Call it Cochlearia, from the fmilitude the 
Leaf hath with a Spoon, being round as well as hollow: It 4s called in English, 

Scurvy-graffe and Seruby-graffe, and {ometimes ea but feldom, Spoox-wort, 
after the Latine name. 

The Kindes. 

2..CommonScurvy-Graffe. 2. The great Ducts, 
-Grafle, va The leat Scurvy 



irs and <—§ 
ndimg by it Gapom ong foe 27 
» weak flalks, of 

a foor in 

h fide, : miedectsnccs Flowers at the tops of them 

2 Coatts. it fcatcely eth at all: But thefecond 
sbi in Lincolfh re ae well as Holland in the 
Sof Lincolnhire, and other places by the 
on Ingleborough Hills in Lancafhire, and in 
Now in. many Gardens, where it pro{peret 
. to us ftom Denmark , where they grow 
ie flower betimes, even in (March, o 
—<aoe the latter _ of (May, 


mith Seeds; the Root is whicemall 



One of heck chief whereof is Grd ae fe, which is thought to have © 

iftoll, Sela ckcahiadl E 

the Paradife of Plants. ot 

The Temperature, 

Scurvy-Graf is evidently hot and dry,very like to the Garden-Creges in Qua- 
lity, but not ot fo aromaticall, or {picy acalt - 

The Vertues; 

Before I {peak of the Vertues of Scarvy-Grafe, ic will not be altogether im- 
proper to teil you what the SCG RV Tiss It is. a Ditealé proceedite through 
a melancholy humour, which maketh the Gums to becomé fivollen and éxulce- 
rated, loofning)alfo the fmews and teech; {fo that he that hathir, doth wit | very 
much difficulty chew any-thing : the mouth flinketh grievonfly, the Thighs and 
Legs are withal! very often full of b!ew fpors, nor much unlike thole that come 
‘of brnifes : the Face, andthe reft.of the Body is often times of a pale Colour;and 
the Feer.are fwollen as in the Dropf-e, and will-havea pain in the folés of them, 
and {o will the fingersends. This hurctul Dieafe happeneth ac Sea amongit 
Fifher-men, and trefh water Souldiers, (and fuch as delight co fit Rill, without 

jabour, andexercife of the body) efpecially, if they make not ‘clean’ 
from the Flower, or mealinets that is ypon the fame, which doth fpoilt 
the curing whereof, this excelleut Plant, theref led Sey 

to prevail : the juyce thereof, : : 
falls of the Leaves be : BF epper, Grains, Anifeed, and Liquorice, 
of each an Oun es being brayed, and the Herb bruifeda little ina Mor- 
sf GF Wood or Stone, put them in a Stone-Por, called a Steawe, with four Gal. 
“Tons of ftrong Ale, to tieep or infufe the fame in for three dayes, whichdone, it 
will be fic tor your ufe ; and then youmuft drink it three weeks togethér, as 
-your ordinary drink, The Decoétion is good tor che fame purpofes, ‘and {ois the 
‘Herb, conned up in new drink, either by it (ef or with ocher things ; for it open- 
-ethobftructions, and evacuateth cold, clammy, melancholy, and flegma . 
mours, both from the Liver, and Seat of blood, and the fpleen, wafti o an 
fuming, both the fielling and hardnefs thereof ; and thereby bringing t 

back again to a moft lively Colour : the juyce alfo hel 

win a Pa 
Lat & JU 

peth all fou Ulce 
Sores in the month, if it be often gargled therewith, and ufed ontwardly, : 
Cleanfe the skin from {pots, marks, orskars that happen therein: The Conferve 

7 ge cd 

< - 
i a md ~ 
= . 

_ Adam in Eden, Or, — 


Of fmall Honfe Leek. 

The Names, 

pot His kind of Hon/eleckis called in Greek" Alay réyingiy Aizoon minus, 

that is, Semper vivwm,in chavit is alwaies green, and lefler thenthe 
~., former, yet fome do call both kinds, A ithales,for that they are everk- 
--wing: ‘Pliny calls this leffer kind, Trithales quia ter floreat and Evitha. 
Erifobales and Chyforhales ; in Fnelith Prick-Madam, Sconcerop, ot Stee 

eri F 

_ des or 

~ Stonecrop. In Latine Sedum Minus, Veroricularis, and Ulecebra,. 
A230 %a Osu meses. uote ii a : ee ee 

ow! « 

eS eR eg te 

3 wee 

“<- Ofthis /mall Honfeleek.ot Prickmadam there be Nine/otts. 1. TheOrdinary 
Prickmadam or Stonecrop, 2, Stonecrop with turning heads,3,SmallStone 4 
crop. 4. White flowered Stonecrop with ronnd_pointed leaves Actrmaller 
“white flowered Stonecrop. 6. Marth or Field Stonecrop..7. Wall Pepper, 08. 
favory Wall P Summer Houleleek or Srenecrop.» — [ ae: “it 
: ; liad h ie. es 

‘ae Ot Stonecrop, is but {mall, creeping alonet ‘a 
iling Branches, and fome what flender whichareen- 
, r of ihe Ane wits fromthe ¢am- 
are thick, though litrle, tone, fharp-pounr- ‘ iY 
urs the flowers ttand acthe tops ofthe 


oa fea alfo dey but ROE very uch, bem 


fer Honfeleck or Ssonecrop hath the Ne ofthe G me oa 
ayce chereot being prefled forchis very much commented tee, 
=! .  Remper 

the Paradife of Plants. 93 

femper of the mouth called the Scurvy, which I defcribed in the foregoing chap- 
ter. Itisgood both for inward and outward heats as well in rhe Eyes as other 
parts of rhe > bod y. A Poffet made with the Juyce of Houfeleck, is ingulat good 
in all hocAgues,for it coolech and cemperarech the blood and fpirits,and quench- 
eththe chirit ; and is alfo good to ftay ail hot defluxions of fharp and {alt rheum 
into the Eyes, the Juyce being dropped into them : the Eares alfo participate of 
its Vertue ; forthe paines thereofare hereby alfo cured, if the Juyce thereofbe 
dropped thereunto : it helpeth alfo all Auxes of humoursinto the bowels, and . 
_the immoderate courfes of Women. __Itis faid alfate to kill the swomms, gndwon- 

“fealding oe and taeiine: the sfibles 
worms atid the like, and eafeth much t ep 
“cafe: the Juyce alfo cakech away. warts ai 
ten bathed therewith, and che skins of the. Leaves ee laid-on pis pens 
“Ie eafech alfo the headach, and diflempered heat of the brain in frenfies, or 
through want Of fleep, being g applyedto the Temples and forehead; the leaves | 
bruifed, and laid upon the Crown or Seam of the “head, fereh blec eding at the 
nofe very quickly. ©The diftilled water of the herb, is proftable for all 
pofes aforetaid, the leaves being g gently rubbed place. a 
Re Spe —— any yenemous | tak e away 
; pait But take notice: Pepper, wh kind of Sedum as 
Mhor fharp, and exulcerating quality, and raiferh bli- 
ereupon but a. while, as forcibly as Ranunculus ot 
©: andtherefore it behoveth all thofe chat {hall have any occa- 
“fon to sic any of the cooling Stonecrops, that they do not miftake this for fome 
ofthem, wherunto it is fo like ; ; yet ibis not without fome other good.gualiries 
whereof good ufe may be made ; fori isfaid to procure vomiting,.. e Jay 
thereof taken wih af, and fome other drink, drivech forth thick choleric 
; ck humours, whereby q quartane Acues < and others of | ong cor 
el may y be cured ; and chat taken in the fame manner it doth expe 
fon, or the force of venemous herbs and of the Aconites, which v¢ 
ftanding igby fome referred to the greater kinds ; bnr there 
»in the raking; and therefore may be let alone feeing there be diy 
; purpofe inthis book. Yer it is nor altogether unlikely 
m: this as well expell the poyfon of “ pelbg ee 

pels as well in th Th i Ee oom: 
helsas well in the : is ings-Evil, as 
ther part of the body,and applyed byit felfor bos Es an | 
piles anointed therewith, doth eafe the pains and gig n oP keane a 
thus mee ¢ given you th s of the greate r aswell the leffer Honfelecks thar 
stow by land, it will not be impertinent to give regs es or ae 
age which I fhall do in che next Chaprer,. 


Adam in Eden, Or, 


of Alves or Sea Houfeleek. 

/ t he Naiede 

‘ Tofcoriden, and all others both ancient and modern writers call it A’a0i 
Which name fome fupppoleto have been giver to ir,either from #8 
ams that is, 4 fale; or elfe from anos 4 Salo, the Sea it felf with whofe 
breath itis much delighted, Itis called alf0, Augi¢rey beciatie:i it grow- 
-echnot onlyin the ground, but {ometimes out of the ground,chough it be hanged 
~upinanhoufe. Some ofthe modern Herbarifts do call it Semper ViVHM Tari- 
- #um,trom the thicknefs of the leaves and likeneffe unto Sedum majus or the grea- 

ter Honfeleek, called Semper vivum, The hardned Juyce thereof,is alfo utually 

called Aloes of which (as Schroderus {atih) there be four forts now in ule, and be- 
~ caufe there is but one kind (except the American) of that plane, I will fet down 

- the kinds of es, ° 
Jaye ~The Kisdes, ; . ' 

sp Theres 1. A Blackifh fort called Aloe Caballina, becanfe itis fit only for 
orfes.2, Amore pure fort,in colour like ie ce, called Aloe Hepatica, 3. 
Aloe Succotri Set he, bec ice thete- 

‘get fieweth very oiiiae like a kind ofte 
aa! is moft dey: and se 

re thick (talk little moi ritgmany mall 

flowers. - Ic Beateth Teed | in husks like unto an cAfphodil aicer thie 

aft } the ‘root-is thick and about a for long, or leffe Wichin the 
Bouefome cick Fibres at the end. 

The Places and Time 

ae groweth in Arabia, aA ay Spriay and all the Eat Countries, ane iti Fodi- 
=, Beitr te cg the land, as near the Sea fide;and in the iflands there _ 
as ‘in Socotora, as Garcins {aith, where the beftis made, as alfo in man places in 
“Anialonfa neat the lea thore in tach plenty tre divers © 
ood ftore of Aloes there ; bur aftertryall it was not 
asthe Indian fort. Ic flowreth in the hotter Coun- 
th ‘moneths, but never in thefe colder ; for it is preferved 
rea care from the frofs in Winter, which will cate | peut FOr, HE a 
beyer fo little cold. ie 


"the ParadifeofPlants. og, 

The Temperature 

Aloé, that is to fay, the juyce that is ‘moderately hot,and that 
in the firft Degree, bur dryitt the third, extream birter, yet withoucbiting: it is 
alfo, of an emplaiftick or clarnmy quality, and fomething binding: 

The Vertes and Signature: 

eAloes openethche Belly, oP purgeth: 
colour, and 1s ned againfiche yelic v fe 
fuccefle : ene In. 

Ga dab tiorach, sede tesah poe'the, p 5 pes a 
pinion to the contrary,feeing it doth not only purge awayCholer and 
it, but alfo comfort it, and help i it much whén itis crude, moyft,, ae 
preventech Archriticall pains, or pains of the joynts :, it quicken 
purging obnoxious humours from the brain, It provoke 

the Hemorrhoides or Piles, bur hardly Craweih 

Liver. Being cucu : ee 3 green — 
woune’ and rye . alfo mun away all putri- 
: n of the Tefiicles and Privities > ic cures 

: the Eys, and Conlanes the {pots growing therein, —It:is soodin 
the Inflammations of the Eysy and Apofiumés. of the Lips, Noles. and Eys. It 
healech Ulcers that are hardly brought to cicatrizé, and efpecially thofe in thé 
Fundament and privy Members: Being mixed with Oxe-Gail, or the juyce of 
VV ormwood, and layd upon the belly near.the Navel, ickilleth worms, It it be 
diffolyed in Wine,and ufed,it hélpeth the falling or fhedding ee hair. ) 

< aaineianeate aie 1em or nOLdes 4 at he 
made in Powe applyed outwardly, is Bayern  bleedis 2em:;,_mixed. 
with Honey and nfed, it taketh stasblotioale Dd pots, -Asoes in Powder be 
ing mixed Ley we beinlenmne te blood, and caft into putrifiec ads hy 
it {pone ous Sein nina Tt muft not be taken inward: jelther ri 

that have hor Lessee G Children as are of 2 tion, ef 
cially when the feafon is extream hor, or Bi ety cold, Chowie cnet He 
Cloves, Maftick, and Gum Tr. anth, are the beft Correctors of Aloes, and may 
be mixed with ic. IF lees Waken 2 litcle before Supper, it doth fo mig ie 
leffe hurt and offend the fomach. It is ¢ 3 ar a from a dr 7 
drams ; in infiion from 4 dram and aha lf to t loe Rofare 
ss : tn reg ae 
toallforts of f =rfons before-or after 

) am im, Eden, Or, 

an amen ane ar om 8 ponend ants Af 
a ES caaeeeanael 

Si os _ OF Fumitory. 

The Name, ee % 

Kin, and Keaviey Capes and Capnion,gquaft Fumus eo, 
ditns lackrya ationem mover ficurk umus S claritatens eo- 
Ai nssthat is itis called in Greek, meet which in that 
XK ce of it put into the yes, doth make 
Clears them, which eee pily 
» the other Reafon why it 

ye 2 aL gee 

ni aban uct is it, 8 the En th ame Foes | 
sha moft commonly ces > 


— : | ight... Common Fumitorie, 2, Fine 

Ory. 5. Indian Fumitos 
1 nec ibe oe 

lowers, as it were ina long {pike, one 
le 2 Binds, ofa reddik purple Colour, with: whitifh 
athe Fields in Cornwall, ic beareth perfect white 

come {mall round husks,containing fmail b] ack feed. The 
adnot very on . of j me whilfti it is prec banal 

wel a8 as well in he Cone almoft ery where, asin Gar- ; 
the bag es, Gert. andCalabria, in Naples, and in iJ- 
ee ba patho called Canada, ‘The 



the ParadifeofPlants. 99 

The Temperature, 

It is hor in the firft Degree, and dry in the feconid, a not cold, a8 the vulgar 
conceive ; for its bitternels fheweth it to be hot, ‘ 

The Vertues, 

Fumitory alfo may be appropriated co that S curvy-Difeafe <tosaemnsieiiin for 
it gently purgeth melancholy and falc humours, from whence irartlerh : as allo 
from the impurity of the blood, the Obftractions and foppings of the Liver and 
Spleen, which are the ufuall 2 ine that are firft affected : it openeth and cleanfeth 
the Entralis, and doth corroborate thofe parts. It purgeth cholerick humours b 
‘Urine, and avails in the Itch, Scab, Leptoie, Cancer, Fiftulaes, atid fuch kinde of 
foul Difeales of the skin, arifing ‘Gon aduft humours ; as alfo th the Fresxch- 
Difeafe. Ic is profitable Feavers, (afifing from Choler, both yellow and black) 
in the Jaundife, and thé Quartane Agues, it killerh the worms, and prevaileth in 
Chronicall Difeafes arifing from the {toppings of the vifcerous parts,and in Affects 
of the Hypochonders, Brafavola {aith, chat the Powder of the dryed Herb given 
for fome time together; hath cured a:mélancholy perfor ‘The ditlied water cures 

the yellow Jaundice, if chree or four beheisile ia and evening, for 
certain dayes together, sod ae againtt the Scab, Itch, h like Diteales; 
nitantly taken, ae preferveth from the profie, Rerebes in Loe: 

gle Armoniack , it is coodin the a dram or two of 
yea la ple of pum PogA tixed it} two Ounces of the water, and 
fo ay Allo; it gr ect congealed blood, and tumours, ahd provoketh the 
Termes or Courfesin Women. (The jnyce dropped i into the Eys, doth pir cives 
Eys, and quicken thefight: the juyce alto sats with Gum-Arabick, an 
piyed to the Eyelids wil caufe that the hair (that hath once been mae 

ro, Wedge Se orlegin WIRE: eBalis co and the fect bat -h 

misted with the juyce of Decks and Osymel, of Pinege caret a : oaks 
ing annointed therewith, Alioa made of the fame, with AZallor Violets, , 
and Dock-Roots., with Barley bean, aod Neh cureth the Scab and Tech. The j 
mingled with Oy! of Nats and Vinegar, cure maligne Scabs, and the Leprofie, 
ing. noinred therewith. | The diftilled water oe peth Sores, and Ulcers ofthe 

aah tia, gid 
ee ecpon che Geechee hed this P 
__ sium, becanfe ie the head web) its fiery ; 

98 Adamin Eden, Or, 

Man that was dull and heavy, eat it to {tir up his Spirits, ir being etfectuall to this 
‘purpote, The Latines call it Nafturtium, a Narissm tormento » as Pliny saich: 

_ and {ome after the Jtalians call it Crefféo horterfis; but in Englifhicis called Crejfe 
being a name borrowed ofthe Germaxs, whovall it Ker eV V ater-Creffe iscalied 
Nafturtinm Aquaticum, VVinter- creffe is commonly called Barbarea, Lady. 

Smocks, which are alfoa kind hereof, are called Cardamine, five : Naftirtium pras 


The KGalt. 

= res the chi 

om meres 1. Creat Spanith . 
Crefle, 2. Curled Creffe, with larger and lefler Leaves 

dinary Garden Cref= 

‘Rocket, or Crefle, 2. Double floured V Vinter Crefle, 3.Small VVinter Creffe.Of 
Ladj-Smocks, which is allo.a Na(turtinm. x, Great Lady-Smocks, 2. Small Lady- 

well asi " “= es A = 

ow branches, trailing upon the Gig 

gimiundry places, as it... 
feat compals ot ground. 
in its natural place, which isin a ae 
¢ Plant, is.ofa brown colour, and green un- 
Pendle OTR 3 cit x i vreiady cee 

The Place 

we cote 3 oe = 
‘Spain, as for the other three,cheir 
planted in our Gardens. All the _ 

= : ovince of Berne ,a- 
. mong the dens S) andi rman 

eat : 
bet. Wii inter-creffes flowerin - 

the Paradileof Plan. “gg 

The Temperasure 3 

“oThe cominon Garden-creffe i is very hor and dey, but pate the Seed, neat 
ues the fourth Desree, ee eh TT and stad ene ase hot and 
“WT rig je é a Sapte na ¥ 

Syhettl eh is i! 
ee uwiti-s pris or SEG Fe 
fnis3: BIOL? “Kesloozs , Ls 9 gpg 

ce dot intr aa 

25 Bent dette and content obec, yher 

5” ie a 

The} Kmds, 

‘Tex forts hereof ma alin aid ? 1 ‘The manured Pine Tiss, Th - 
ful wild Pine Tree, -e The fole-t 1eld wild pare 

d Pine Tree... The low. wild barren 
_ Pine Treé. “5. The taller barren wild Pine Tree. ent gteater Sea Pine Tree. 
J. The leffer or Dwarf Sea Pine Tree.. 8, The D Dwarf it Pi 

mountain Pine Tree, 9 
The crooked mountain Pine,with thin leaves. 10, The crooked mountain 
ae broader Leaves. set 

ee re vay Thee ayeegiy 4 HISy Sa te 
. e 4 . rT siete Teed 
Se . =i The e Ferme - i ay 
— oy Pes ost ‘ wiiga. : 
23 ects . ee +3 rE a ¢ bee 4 Sr | 

2 top, and they again divided inco leer, 
bel, ata ey dawg all al 6 he branches 
; fe on Se aie > pat Ph ace Pie Bt Tee 

which fall a) Reh inn iale? Ones ir creafe : the 

fornewhat long and round grow very 
grearer then i in: any of the other forts, 
Scales, lying clofe one unto and es : 
: ease or are caufed ated the peas of bbs sfire,do thew within chem certain hard 

ad. A white Nery {weer kernell, covered 

fo fhe aaa sahawith at nd of moiftar ives dditisalio; 
flix “ont. ‘into fhivers will burn like Torches 9 and. 
e Ancients; ot i cated them Tede, si 

The Plat andin = 

tho egendot dlei 
in the {pring ; others ring not untill 


a _TeBath oe ne Tai indir 
-concost and 1 acy being ina’ 


~~ the Paradife of Plants. aot 

Gaich nourifhing whilft they -are’ frefh, aid although they be fomewhat’ hard of 
digeftion; yerthey do not offend : ‘efpecially at they be! fteeped three orfour 
hours in warm water before the raking, oa foul out their fharpnefie and  oylinefs: 
thofethat are: of hor conflitutions may take them with fugar ; but thofé that are 
cold, with ; Hony-and fo they: do amend the putritying: humours in the ftomach 
and bowels, aad irr up bodily Juft, aind increafe sperme,ifthey be 
Hlectuary with che powder of Penids, andfome {weer Wine ; Alforthey' much 
help an n bead throat, wheefings, and fhortnefs of breath, recover the voice being 
loft, expetorate phleom, are good for an old Cough, and the Ulcers of the Lungs: 
They alfo lenifie the Uritory paflages being: frected with che ftone, atid caufe it to 
be eably voided ; they help alfoco ripen inward Impoftumes, ahd are fineular 
good for macilent bodies, to hearten them and make chem’ ‘grow tat» ‘and Being 

Often cakenthey help the Palfie, numnefle, -and fhaking-ofthe members::: There 
isi Water diftilled trom the green Cones or Appies,thar is very efféStuall to take 
away wrincklesin the face;co abate the overiwelling’ breafts of -ba- 
thing them with Cloaths wetted therein ; and to reftore fuch asarer: sinto 
better terms. The Seales of the. Pize ‘Apple, with ory tg: of Ta 
fiop the Lask and were p ract 

ea ae eri 
(it tot Tape is 4a mes atte getod 
” i es Med <P eS 

' the Poe fandt Tree. 

Tis called iti Greek eo ; atidby Hi crates oes Latine 
ic and jul st th pe a Lod 

eee ee ele 

aa tee ut 
Aaa i Sams 

n "We Edens: on 

flowers broadat che brims, and {mailer at the bottom, being one whole: leaf dis 

Fee sen aa aty-orient red: crimfon colour naturally ; bie 
muchrpaler:: aera many veins running thronghic with sdivers chreds “in 

Pics st and {tanding in a brownifhy hollow Cup, or long hard husk: The 

rand round,with a hard fmooch brownth red rind;not very thick, - - 

with on the infide ;and-a. great crown at the top ftored | plentitully with 
moles guaran Jnyce 1} like wines eicher {weet or fowre; ‘or between both ee 

at <n ana where they Sone 5 atoff 
ond St asit ont £9363 Jol. 

& si Stags | The Places and Time. ; ’ Jodi on dv 
sired SSD: ae 2 mio: 

cold ca shes -prelervation « Sai ofthe 
Bon are "They mult be tina To orp orld inh Earth, fo thar they 
may be honfedin rhe Winter. i 1s ripe a 

bom the ead of Auguft in the countries arcs but with us they hardly flower.. 


The  Taolbevti 

All gr Meret do contain in thema thin and {mall nourifhment, yet ies 
are ng tothe that aredweet gpleale beft, but that they 
newhat he: es ow erains or feeds 



The Siguatore and Vertues, 

side ofthe Pomgranate care in. » Signiaes faith to: ‘hold d 
wah te Fels and therte Decoction made roe 
, a i Sac ain water ch 
and io. a he flower and ind theteof : men cey 


a eriefs ofthe lig 
” wvehitlr; is the beft-to cure the 
» the inflammations of the 
te'longines of Women 
~— burtiings, if it be ufed 
ee The rind or | 


the Paradife of Plants. 103, 

3 CHAP, Lill. 
Of the M. afick Tree. 
ee or ois FE Names, 

Sang is the name cr Tee is ‘called in Greek, guafi 5 ses fii be. 
ha it is {0 eafty to cleave re for making Toselpicker for which iti is mok. 
| ODER orfor other ufes ;and the berries are called frtdt and not i i 
‘ og 1a Sere ise by which all Latine Authours call itis Lentifes 
: a foliorum Lentore from ib clattinete of the leaves and rhe Gum Re- 
Lo cina,and Majfiche and Maftix by {ome ; but by the Arabians, Gluten 
Romanum, There is a Tree like unto Mdaftick, sible in Ae 
which the Indians call Moll Ce 

Tread but of three fort. 
| ate st 

dashes PfiAT. ree sroweth commonly like a fhrub without any ofeat body, 
Tifing eup with bios y Springs and fhoots like the] da el and oftentimes i 

circle about he edges ; ‘and fome reddaah Yabanl 
fiweet, and abiding green alwaies : the flowers grow in ch ters at | 
the Leaves being saat ao oP pasa Poe nd ; es 

come {mall lackifh of the bi eae oe we a hard 
Sones ten a scien ik ae ae 

while putrifies and turns into fmall f chat 8 away: Ic giveth alfo aclear — 
white Gum in {mall drops when the ae soo cael odcttin feceral placesvhich 

Mepeed wih pees chic a id iscaled Matic, 
The firf sresmeath as well tne | C BE ccapeis Gren: aac of Iealy : 

ahd in many places of Grecia,and in Candy alfo,ahd fome other places ; but 0 
_ where fo plentifull asin che Ifle of (on li from whe 
| Fn ae a plendent, whit ri 

104 1 wddamin¥den, Or, 

The Temperature, 

The Sak cla Gum, of the Maffckstrerae hot and at almoft inthe 
third Degree, and fomenianairipaenyy S 


‘The Ver ertues. 

Maftickis one of the beft things I knéw, for the Tooth-ach, and may ealily be the Apothecaries Shops , being infufed, or fteeped in Bolettaic, it 
good to wath the mouth withall, to faiten toole Teeth, and’ to ftrengthen ie 

‘Gums, 0 | Mattick heated in Wine, and the Gums, Mouth, and Teeth wafhed | 

+h, cleanfech the corruption theteof, and fafineth che loofenefle, both of 
ahd Teeth, The fame {pread on Velvet or Pluth, and laid untorhe Tem: 
hthe Rheum from falling down, and fo eafeth the Tooth-ach. The 
Teeth Wekewrie being’ ubbed wit i 
Firft hold the Root of Pelfitory ¢ | 
place where a hollow Tooth is,to draw out the Rheum,and then fill it wich Ma 
ftick,and it will ceafe the greateft tharis: Beingheld in the mouth, and 
chewed upon, it doth dry and comfort the brain, by drawing down flegme from 
it, and (tayeth the falling down of he humours, and.alfo caufecs a {weer breath, 
Weis ufedin Oyntments, and Plaifters,tocleanfe and heal Ulcers and Sores,to 
the fretting Fluxes of humo 

} binceth all.che parts whereunto it is applyed, 
WS WO isufed alfo inPleilies 


Being taken inwardly, iefeavehe ape 
t ining vertue dich Bae at ae 
the Flux of che Belly, and | 

aA8) them; andtodrythemup, and to fill” oid 4 

“the Paradite of Plants. — = 

“AMagifirantia (from whence, the word being corrupted, comes 4 Ariba titi import 
from the eyer-maftering of irs neighbouring Plants. ‘The like might be tad Gras 
lifh name ae Se Ir is by tome called Pellitory of Spain. but falfty, chat 

being {mall jow P iat hrising amen y.cut long Leaves, upon the ftalks,| ma 

ing.on the ground, but fomewhat larger, acl ck ae 
Mapermr9 porili Pelisary 08 Spain, "BH 
. Oise The Kinde. 

_ Asal ‘Beloes focalouae What Cosiis anighay Plant Sct pins sutras ania ; for of it nunmammemapeacets* ae eve se — 
2. Mountain Maferwort, 

The Form, 4 

Peactee Majterwort hath divers great broad leaves, divided into join 
three for the moft part ftanding togetherupon a finall foorftalk, ts bork Baeaioe 
greater, and three likewi(e at the end of the ftalk; each of which leaves are fome- 
what broad, and cut-in on che edges, intothree ormore divifions, and all of chem 


nder, 1 like [ates at the joynts as row below ; Sir leffer, and ch 
fewer divifons, bearing umbels of white Flowers, and after eeigre ec 

: «Dict 2 ols 
~ gd Gowen whe 
The Hise wid Tie aie Tins 2 

_ The frrf, is found on fundry Hill in Jéaly,as alfo in ‘itisu ally 
Sepertewds Sieydiomay esate ie ie oan : 

The Rost of ‘hdoete ie Bitlis ulsia Foor 
pleat, and is of very {ubtle parts, < 

Sicknefle,. It is ofa.rare, icyaghidiftallorts of obra poyiatisy: ‘tobe. zat 
ine i is caufe, pak a gop and: provokerhfivear. The! juyce heréot 
shorepihoe detssd ah cand cp | tothe greenwe 

they ite creep; and: bei almoit erenat 
of alfon envenc pons; doth:foon cleanfe and heal theft. 
see Or! sits with the Gatilted watene. thefame \alfovis good to 

Gout, comming of cold caufe. 7; ragus faith, that the Decotion of the Root in 
Wine, being ¢ drunk, doth revive the ability ofgeneration ; but furely he had not 
oblerved Galens Rule, who faith, rhat thofe things that are fo hot to expell wind, 
om el has tone, a gh ‘The other fort is more effeStual, aid. ood 
pact moet te baat ait to to hs 

° “ = ¥ 
P — ‘ $ ioe st 

the Dec fora ae aled tepalga ses an 
diese atbcbhd (or: of ae 68, oF rongh bri ly black (oratl, 
the Fifhers of Sardinia, Sap itsiett - eho RC eet 
The Rites ban , a 

by: ter K auth 1x, The great red Co- 
ra 3 jlzte vite Conlatolon Ite 

serail. cates hae Corall. 7. Joynted 
oh y PlackCorall, 10, Yelleg Gas 

* exch o « y biiet + 
Sie* Seg Ae et i alt ee 

~*~: why hs © re em! 

The Fet mt, smudgls tO Bt here « sg 

: Coral which Teake tBeOFgreatet nf j is found grow ing on 
Sea, Aaa ala with Arms and ranches, brea 

the ParadifeofPlants. ‘07 

The Place and Time. 

Molt of rhefe Coralls are found about Marcelles, ; and the Ifle of Sard:nia, and 
other places of the Meditet+panean Sea ; butfeldom on this fide, unleffe it be up- 
on the Rocks, on the weit fide of England, about St. Michaels Mount, sh nt % Ge- 
rard faith, that white and yellow ¢ Coral do O.gtOw, They are to bé found growing 
at all times of the year. 

“The Temperatre, 

All the Sores of Col o cool an bind ee: the white «Wiig 
colder opstienam Chen the red or black.” 3 

iced tans .11300 | The Signatsire Bid Pini 

Ti nc bth frend wie Corl cma vy co a (afche 

Teeth ; but the white being neareft in colour;may more p operly be faid t 

their Signature : yet we find, that thered-afo is ery ufefu! 
erothem, As fit, ic ‘Children 


, eth aif pamper hthem 
low Ulcers: sarc, - flleth then With fieth, and is ufed in Medians 
forthe Bys, to ftay the Flux of Rheum, and takes away the heat and rednefs there- 
‘of by cooling and drying up the moyfture ; and fome hang it about the neck of 
rent The colour of red Corali holds. ganie its 
guiness , which it doth, if ic be but held in the hands 
snake thas bleeds Colbesicaae See Ge Meth 3 it is tobe ve- 
effectual for thofe that fpit blood, or be. croubled With aig oie Fat 
y Srh tatadhtnseies i eccergttnn Spree oa : 
S al and the Whites 

in Women: It gv bleiben mah cha oublec 

fe lene ldo pee Chad lon sitisb 
in Black-Cherry-water, or in the Mothers M 


8___ddimin Eden OF, 

» Of Corall-wort. 
: atti | The Names, as 

Everall Names have been given to this Plant, by later Writers; for itis 
conceived, that none of the Ancients, as Dio{corides or Pliny, 8c. took a- 
| ny cognizance of ir, Some have called it from the form and colour of the 
Roots Dentaria, Dentillaria, Coralloides, and eAlablaftrites, as Lobel, and 
Dentaria, Coralloide radice : All which Names do agree, both with the Plant, 
and place it here ftands in ; for, the Root of it beine white,fmooth, and fhining, 
as Teeth ought to be, ic was fitly named Destaria, Dentillaria, and eAlablaftri- 
ee end as fitly Sedierastt “ Dentaria Coralloide Radice: the divers {mal\ —_ 
obs fet together, whereof the Root is compofed, refembling the knaggy 
nences of the Corall, efpecially the white with which ic agrees in colour too,0- 
thers both trom the Root and Flowers, thar are like unto Stock-Gillow-F lowers, 
which were antiently comprehended under the. name of Viola, called it Viols 
Dentaria,as Dodonaxns, Wein Enolith call ic Toothed Violet, or Corall wort, 

aa ae ae 2a Oe nti aap - ‘ 
ince; cal ime OS we oe aed = 4 ee =f ~ ; ; ss 
ee ae ee eS See ——e pret ee ESE He ce = 
forts of Coralwore, 

V 3. Another pene Corallwort, 4.Tre- 
foile Corallwort. 5, Setfoile Corallwort. 6. Bulb 

narrow leafed Corallwort, 

> The Forme, 
The bulbe bearing Toothed Violet, fhooreth forth one ‘Or two wing 
vpon long brownith foot-ftalks,which in their rifing up ont of the groun 
it were doubled,or folded downwards,and then Sper tient lves in feaven leaves, 
moftufnally, and fomecimes but five, each whereof is fomewhat long dented a- 
he “edges, and poynted, ofa {ad green colour, and fer on both fides of the 
mic in againit another: ‘the ftalk that beareth Flowers, riferh up in the 
fame manner with the Leaves, andis bare, or naked of Leaves, unto the middle 
thereof, where it fhooreth forch a Leaf, and fo one or nwo more up higher, each 
confifting but of five Leaves, and fornetimes bur of three: having alfo the uppers 
ingieyat each whereof, commeth forth’a {mall round bulbe, cloven, or,as 
vided into fome parts or cloves, of a fad purplith, green colour, which 
_ =a und, will grow to be a Root, and bear Leaves, 
Inke asthe balbes d Lilly; about which, at the top, ftand fone or five 
Flowets,iwlong hasks, upon thért foor-Aalks opening into four leaves, ofa Pur- 
plith colour, very like unto the Flowers of Sseek-Gillom-Flawers, or Dames Vio- 
fess: after which come fmall, long Horns, or spoynted at the ends, where- 
in lye fuch like Seed, as are in the Cods of Dames Violets, which will, as foon 2s 
itis ripe, break the Podand fall out : the Root is very{mooth, white, and {hi- 
ning: it doth not grow cere a creepeth alone under the upper cruft of 
the gronnd;and confifteth of divets fmall, round knobs fet rogether:the 
‘Sfthe leaf and Root, is fomewhat bitter, hor, anddhatp like Radip. 


er : 
4 Pe 



the Paradife of Plants. 10g 

The Places and Time. 

The fir/f and Zaft have been fouhdin our Land, as Parkinfon faith: the firht at 
ay field in Suffix, in a Wood called Highreed, & another Wood therein called 
Foxholes; but for rhe place-ofthe Jaft he doth not expreffe ic, yer Ifind chat ic 
growetli very plentifully about Croydon in Surrey, as alio.a greater fort. of Corall. 
wort not mentioned Bich : Thereftin the fhadowy woods ot Germany, Swit- 
zerland, and Savoy: ples, Teal and divers. other places, They flower about 
the end of April, and the beginning or middle of AZay, and are withered and 
gone, before july for the mott part, therootsabiding fate under ground, 

winnie; _ The Temperature, : 
“The Root of Coralwort’, is drying binding and frengthening = yet. it 

he!peth to provoke Urine, and ro expell gravell andthe sione ,.as fome 
affirm by a fpeciall Vertue. . Ei co 

iy 3 ; itt is 2e 3 SS i 

The Signature andVertuese 0 ge om 

Both the form of the root ofCarallwers whichis made as it were ofmanyTeeth 
fet rogether,and the fmoothr Be: ad whi te and fhi plour are fnfficient oe 
saturesto manifeft that it 15 an © dies of the Teeth, 

whether the Decostion be gargled in the. Mouth, or che dry root held between 
the Teeth, It is alfo exceeding good for the Dropfie by Signature alio, accor- 
ding to Oswald Crollins in his book of Signatures, It helpeth likewife the gri- 
ping pains of the fides and belly, and cureth inward wounds that are. madein the 
Breatt, Lungs, and Bowells, a dram ot che powder ofthe root taken for many 
daies together in Red Wine ; the famealfo givento,them chat areburfien or 
have arvpture, is very beneficial in the diflilled Water of the herb called Horle- 
tail : Ic ftayeth alfo. Lasks and Fluxes, that do nor proceed of hor-and Chole- 
rick humours, the decoétion of the herbis goodtobe applyed both togreen 
.Wounds quickly to confolidate them, and for old filthy Sosest0 dry up-their 
moifture, and thereby to canfe them to heal the fooner. 

én . a mtnetins 

pemebtrr el sper nt, 9h (ORDOI Se) 20:7 ts eed 
CHAP, LVI: gts Gs rept 
Of Reft Harrow. 

fons: tit 9 ARRAN, eine. 6 oot stn foam 
y 1 iscalledin Greek, Avsrit @”Orevts and likewife in Latine Anonis and Ononi 
4] fome think ic to be fo called, Azonis, from its unproftablenefle, gu 
Pe ans ; becaufe itis an enemy both to the Husbandmen plonghi 

10 Adam in¥den, Or, 

on Diofcorides callerth it Acutella, becaufe the thorns of it do prick thote thar 
unwarily gobyir. Itiscalled in Englith Refharrow Cansmock, Petty jWhin, 
and Ground Farfe, 7 

The Ksuds, 

The Sorts hereof according to Parkixfon are Eight. t. Common Reft Harrow 
with Purplifh flowers. 2, Reit Harrow with white Flowers. 3. The great yel- 
tow prickly Reft Harrow. ‘4. The leffer yellow prickly Reft Harrow, 5. Purplifh 
Reft Hatrow without thorns. 6, The greater Pm te gentle Reft Harrow, 7, 
Variable yellow gentle Reft Hartow. 8. The lefler gentle Rett Harrow, 

The F orme, 

Common Ref} Harrow rifech up with divers tough woody twigs about halfa 
yard long; fet at che joynts without Order with little roundifh Leaves, fome- 
times more then two or three at -a place, of 2 dark green colour, without thorns 
whilft they-aré young, but afterwards armed in {undry places with fhorc and 
fharp thorns. The flowers come forth at the tops of the Twigs and branches, 
whereof it is full, fafhioned like Peafe or Broom Bloffoms, but lefler, flatter, 
and {omewhat clofer, of a faint purplifh colour ; after which come {mall Pods, 
containing fmall, flac, and round feed: the soor is blackifhon the outfide, and 
whitifh within, very tough and hardto break, when it is freth and green ; and 
as hard ‘as a horn when it is dryed, thrufting down deep into the eround, and 
fpreading likewile,every piece being apt to grow again,if ic be left in the grounds 

-- The Places andTimie, — 

The first and che fife grow in many places of this Land, ag well in’ the Arablé 
as wafteround : The fecond with white flowers sroweth near unto Darb .Gef- 
ner faith, the third groweth onthe hill Gemma ; and Columna faith,the fourth 
groweth in the kingdom of N¢p/es, and about Briftow in England, as Lobel and 
Others affirm, The fixth feaventh and ‘eight with their varieties, row. as well 
flower about she beginning or middle of Fx/y, and their fed is ripe in Angus, 

__ The Temperature, 

Galen Saich that cee of Ref? Harrow is hot in the third deor having 
cleanfing,and cmting faculty therein alfo, gree having fome 

(The Vertwes atid Signarniré, 

A Deco&ion of Ref Harrow, made with Vinegar, and caroledin 
eafeth the Toothach, > sang when it cometh of Rheum, The Sd me 
OE Se pon thie hy ‘d callous brims of Ulcers, or. the faid powder mixed 
with “any other TENE be Tecan pelied doch confiume the hardneffe, and 
fuceheteae Depeche power takeninWine for Many daies together 
Cures the Hethiy Rupee sate Peininagh a! little and little, “The decoction 

of the Liver and Spleen,and other parts 
cute the blind Hemorthoides or Piles, ' The 
sre they become prickly, are Pickled up co 
breath ; and to take awaythe fwvell of Winein them that have drunk 


. ch; and a g gravel and fone boyled in Oxvme 
iptiorof the one half; it is Sra Coke Oxymel to the €on- 

falling Sickneffe, The 

nag wre 

the ParadifelofPlanis. : “Htt 


— se 

Bark a} is the’ 1 ROO havine the pith: ‘between taken Out made into powder “ind 
taken in‘Winé provoketh tiring, breaketh’the Stone, and dtiveth it forth; arid fo 
ao borlthe husks and feeds; and that by Sighature. Croll)’ ‘Tratt: de Signat’, - 

as ' 

seotiy 205) Hew be 

. bal awe 
Poa : . then en 
SIS YY 25uail Bey ms soobarl 7.3 y Pina Sai 
5} { Vi wh: sob 3 ; SCH AR Li. see re On 
9) Mis .viOl@ f1se ad feos: & sO ” WIDaisaco le 
swe) FO 4+ 

<n} -oviAd od3 sth wen sage 

Fibi Shia FFSCD OF ZL : wand d — WO ftitisSsvigat be ine @ 4: ae bes! o SMS iS ‘ 
J ‘ 2 ee oe te —* Eas 
ci va iis ©2 (on. = a ag == es eg owe anes {3 HO. 
> “Ss 
sci . vite pest aistis : me Em | - iv 

Author, becanfe Swine having fed thereon, ‘are vety mtick dittnrbed thereby, 

yea are in danger of their lives, if they wallow not themfelves in water pre- 

fencly thereupon : neither dé they go into'the water ro wath themfelves, bur 
to ss after Creviles, by gphecaing of Which pes recover. . But. for m art, I 
can fcarce allow. of the Name, for rhis reafon’ oes Tnever fav "an 
Hogs feed dupon icy much leffe topo = ed Rivers c in 

the “Mire where the “Beantshee low, there be nor 

ti adie seclade anigibnene pai five full ae my 

at in fuch f e Cale ad pase dung, tant 
ace of this plan peive i, a8 in Hog-yards, Dunghills, aid-fuch places as they 
equent, it be @ the *Natare of their dime to breedit, as Fhave heard ir con- 
Fried: by fome skilful Husbandmen. ‘The Latines call it Apollinaris eirhet 
from 4 Apollo the ‘Inventer of Phyfic ick, or becatife it makes dnen’ mad like unto 
Apille’§ eitarss, When they'deliver his O1 es:Is called‘ aio Algercrm ab al- 
tercando,becaute they that ‘have eat ir are 7 chattel aimee Tah eo 
cc tarae ipeia, De de RCH ast Oe fe eiSecd OE it} tO ’allay the ; 
called Priapifmns.7 dtas, Boroattes, ahd others,call it-Infana'; Alrer rele my 
Symphonizca and Calicularis ; the Phrygians’ Rehect the Tul wean Fab 
ane Paba Lapina: Matth. chest Si Vaticns, J Dens Caballinus, Milimandrum, Ca 
tris Ficebae Manlijs Herba Pizanla: in “Shops it is" Bie a [quramn 
Me Er Fit a eas ; becanle the Seeds are hortial to Hens,” 
toate: =: Bs rao radi Ee ‘mrad aitie ah Re... > opiier 

‘Committ 1 Hares ree, thick GE, scisasny leaves, lying i the 
: cH cuit in, of torn on 2 dges, of a, dark-or evil Deer > 
hone which rife up divers thick ah ‘fott ftalks about half. yard or two 
high,” ‘f red into divers {mallet branches wich fome eff esonth 
Matiy. OLLOW... flowers PON appear yt ‘the “Husks, ain 

on the one fide, eh ir dees wi 
yew oar nen Owat he 


iz AdaminEden; Or, 

white and thick; branching forch divers waies under, ground, 0 like a Parinip 
Root.(but that itis. not fo white) chat ic hath deceived divers, The whole 
plant more then the root,hath an heavy ill foporiferous {mel fomewhat offenfye 

— we “ name 

The firft is éommonly growing by the way fides, hedges, and wall fides where 
Hogs frequent : for out ot theirs and: fuch like’Ordure itdoth grow. Thefe- 
cond groweth by the Sea fides in Narbone in France; near where the River Rho= 
danus runneth inco the Sea.” The third groweth in Candy, and in Spaih alfo, 
from whence the feed being fent groweth in our Gardens,and fo doth the laft ; 
thongh their nacurall place be bethin Egypt and Syria. Theydo all flower in 
July; yecthe ftrange kinds fome what later jand from their feed growing ripe 
and fuffered to fhed, ic fpringeth up again every: year, But the two lait 
do. fearce. perfect cheir feed with Us, ae Reta od he 

Bee gio Ss > byt Cl ISS The Temperature, 45 ing =f 
- White Hénbane iscdld in the third degree, and the others in ‘the fourch;pro- 
curing drow/inefle, and fenfelefenefs of fpirit, by its Rupifying and benumming 
quality. Ta Cee oe ere | 
| The, Signature and Verexes, 

The Husk wherein the {eed of Henbane iscontained, isin figure like toa 

ERY por the Juyce byit felf, or the Decosti= 
mart m vinegar,being eargied warm in the mouth, is ve- 
effectual in eafing the pains ofthe: Teeth. The Jeaves of. Henbane do cool 
all hoc Inflammations in the Eyes, or any other part ofthe body: and areco af- 
{wage all manner of Swellings of the Cods or Womens Breafts, or elfewhere, if 


they nee ae in Wine, and pi either themfelys, or the Fomenrarion, 

day ie eee orig OS om 

warm ;1t alio affwageth the pain ofthe Gout, Sciatica, and all other pains in the 
Joynts, which arife from an hot_caufe. And applyed with by inegar to the fore- 
head. and Temples, helpeth the Headach, and want.of fleep in hot Feavers, The 
Oyl of rhe Seed is helpful for the Deafneffe, Noifeand Worms inthe eee 
ing dropped therein ; and the Juyce of the Herb or Root doth the fame. The 
Decoétion of the Herb or Seed, or both killeth Lice in Man and Beaft - the 
fume of the dryed Herb, Stalks and Seed burned, quickly healeth Swellings,Chil- 
blains or Kibes, inthe hands or feet, by holding them in the {moak thereof be- 
ing burnt, which willalfo make Hens ro fall down from their rooftine place, as 
though they were dead. “The white only is fit to be taken inwardly, which is 
moft available to many good putpofes, if ic be wifély and conveniently applyed, 
but the other forr are accounted dangerous ; and therefore not tobe ufed in- 
warily, unleffe in cafeof neceffity, when’ the white cannot be had : Burifat 
any time any one fhould wittingly, or unwittingly take Henbane and be diftem- 
peted thereby, the Remedy isto drink Goats Milk, Honyed Water, or Pine ker- 
_ hels with {weer Wine ; or in the ablence of thefe Fennel Seed, Nettle Seed, the 
Seed of Crefles, Muftardyor Radith ;asalfo Onyons or Garlick rakenin Wine, 
do all help to free them from danger, and reflore them to their right temper a= 
gain, _ Though the plane ufed, as aforefaid be effeStual for the Toothach, yet I 

fouk | ed 


a the Paradife of Plants. | 13 

. ‘ hat VAS ‘j 20 } 

re bys! 5 fit, DE yauoH dviv: sspears bolvod wus T bit 
sa i A cpap a fg 00 2 2 ao 
Si:wOb fot 3 ft if A ane yi. &I 2i!3 hz9i29} Dats.210! 
40 hee RR eI SG FAIIOt 2O gh aont as: 2199 (oda doo\scd basclasinssls 

Of Oils 2a1 RUOT:! HST NAB 2103.03 DRE wow bis wit! 102 
+3 boivad ers it. 2200 Uv. 2 WO eee ot afi2 £8 22702 merigct 4 JGO7109 G WOM 
Y¥ what Name the anicietit Baraisi/#s did call his Plant; isaltogether uns 
 inown, but the later call it eArgentina, dfoliorum argenteo’(plendore, 
Som the bright filver coléur of the-Leaves; or rather as Gerard faivhyof 
thefilver’ drops that aré to be\feen ‘in the dittilled water theitoss 
when itis pucinto a Glaffe, which you thal eafily fee réuling: and tumbling np 
and down in the bottom’: “tis likewiflé called’ Porenbilla, iab excimsiis viripus.qui~ 
bus pollers from its powerful operations! ot divers, A Sm bs eee 
fome likeneffe betwegn it and Agtimonyi**“Anferina, becaute Geefe love:to feed 
upon it: And Tanacerum [yl veftre; ic differing little trom the Garden Tanfie;but 
in colour. In Englith, itis called wild Tapjie, and Silvermeedy whereof-theress 
but one kind, 690 20903, £12009 J Lg hrony EDA Bg inye bask odes Pes | 
. wasol ston oftomi begypebegseys ei iki ok. teeth so¥oe yous 
decors ni enstnmigeiet bite tease ists: boylyge brs nioioc's 
fe’ creepedk jnpon the Grounds talans Poot st che joynesievery where 
gee Where it groweth, that ic will'quickly take up aofeat 
compafie neforth findry winged Leaves, made of many, fet-on both fides 
ofa middle Rib; {ome {mifler, being fet amiohett the greater, fomewhac liketo - 
Agrimony, or Medefweet,' aid likewife untothe ordinary) Tanfie ofthe Gardens 
for it partaketh in form with themall, and dented about the edges ; but of a fair 
reen colour on the upper fide,and of a filver fhining white colour underneath: 
it beareth no ftalk; but the Flowers every onebyitfelf, ftand upon aimall fhort 
foot{talk, rifing from the joynts with the Leaves, which confit of five other 
{mall, yellow, round joynted Leaves, very like unto thofe of Cinguefoile, or five- 
leaved graffe : the prime Root fhooreth downwards like a Cinquefoile, ._- 
2 ee i bis 

- © 
"gh hs iz t os ‘\ a 
“The Places and Time » 

This Herb groweth moft commonly in moytt places, near the High-way-fides, 
and fometimes in other places alfo, fo that ic will be wanting to none that wi 
ufeit. And hete Ithink good'to obfetve; that many other Plants:alfo, ‘as’ 
wort, Vervein, Mircury, Knot graffe, HowndsT ongne, Pellitory of she val, 
which are molt ufeful . are molt common: Nat ure, ot fatherthe God of Nat 
having placed tholethings we moft need, even before our Eyes," Ie 
June atid July. 5 OSE PRAEGER IDY si. 3 waged ger soreggel 2 artyliagn onset at 
5 ee ae Fes So The Le sbees = gen soinol as omni nosg 
= eee 31 Ligeia Yipee Hiso7 wOY dtonOr: 10 fosfiet a.m 

' VVild Tan fie, elpecially the Root of it, is dry almoft in the third Degree> kt 
having in it very little heat apparent ; and withall,a binding facuiltysAnd eheres - 
fore Fufchixs {aich, that fome Writers have been much miftaken, in affirming 1 
tobe moyft, for no other Reafony bie becaufe it grows in moyft places. | 
then Water-Cre(fes, which are dry in the third Degree, mutt be moytt al 
no one dares be io impudent as to affirm. | And certainly,hadtheybuccomtics 
ded otherwife, F or Galen im his fourth Book of che facaltiesoF imple Me 
faich, that afitingenrs have in them fome earthly quality, an¢ quently 

eee The 


a EA re ees eae NUR eee Sigg oar oan ange alemeeeenaraiaalineees one 

The rare, and Signature. 

Wild Tanfe boyledin Vinegar wich Honey and Allum, and ga arcled 3 In the 
mouth, ealeth the Tooth-ach,ta fenech h loote vhelpeth the Gums chat are 
fore, and fetleth the Palat of them mouth Sia place, When it is fallen down : Ie 
cleanfeth and healeth the Ulcers. in the mouth, or {ecret Parts, and 1s very cood 
for inward wounds, and to clofe the Jips.of green wounds: as allo to 
moyft, a = are in pg segs. eliewhere. Being boyled in Wine, 

taken 1 Sune ee Tine 

fOry- in seers | putito it, Moreovervit 

A commended to: help Chils 
De! ing| lec ADA 2 wer ; ar + Salr. Being 

OFuNK, 1 cater see ees Ok the Bowels,ar dis good 

frre ny . Peallatsete. ofthe 

eae aapr 5 bon cooleth epnted the-Agues, be 
they never fo violent. The diftilled warer: into the Eys or Cloaths, wer 
therein mie Aili taketh away tlie heat. and Inflammations in them by Signa- 

e the Apple of the Eye. The faid 
Lit repre‘enting ¢ s Morphevv, y waterclean- 

ay or Bucs 

“OF Bees ave 

Fleas, ifit 9¢ brought 
auf ‘a. Seed j Is the ano Fleas, lem: were it 
. on tig ns = Sele is 

cs : . 

agai Sc, as-alfo 

i: Sate 

the Paradife of Plants. i 


The Forme, 

The ordinary Flea-wort, rifeth with a ftalk two foot high, or more, full of 
, Joynts,and Branches onevery fide, up to the top; and at every joynt, two fmall, 
jong, and narrow whitifh green Leaves, {omewhat hairy. At the tops of every 
branch; ftand divers fmall, fhort, fcaly, or chaffy heads, out of which, come torth 
{mall, whitith, yellow chreds, like to thofe of the Plantane Herbs, which are the 
bloomings or Flowers. The Seed inclofed in thofe Heads, is {mall and fhining, . 
while it is freth, very like unto Fleas, both for colourand bigneffe ; but turning 
black, when it groweth old. The Root is not long, but white, hard,and wooddy, 
pesithing every year, and rifing again of its own Seed, for divers years, if it be {ut= 
edto fhed, The whole Plant 1s f{omewhat whitifh, and hairy, imel ling fome- 
what like Kozin, 
rao The Places. and Time, 

The fir erowerh in the Fields, and untilled places of Spain, and Jtaly , bur 
with Us, no where but in Gardens, The fecond, groweth in the Fields, that are 
near the Sea, The third, is thought to come out ot the Indies. The iaft, is x 
rally of Egypt, or Arabia, All thefe Flea-worts flowrein July, or thereab ia ! 
eo chee ut in their natural places, all the gaoyer the laftis'the 

with Us, igh i ge te 

we Apio, do record, that the Seed of Flea-wort, which is chiefly ufed 
in Medicine, is cold 

in the fecond Degree, and temperate in moyfture and dry- 
nefie, | : a 
The. Kees 

The (Muftilage, or itahor of the Seeds of Flea-wort,being made with Rofe=. 
water, or Barley-water, andtaken withS ; of Violets, Syrup of Rofes or Su- 
an a 

gar, purgeth Choler, and thick flegme, u(éful in hor burning Feavers, in 
great thirit, and helps to lenifie the dryneffe of the mouth and throat ; it help- 

ech alfo the hoarfneffe of the Voyce, and Difeafes of rhe Breaft and Lunes, eanfe 
by heat, as the Plurifie and fuch like, It helpeth all Inflammations of the Head, 
und all hor pains of the Joynts, Ha ese Sect sion: 3 Sen ee bieiiae 
) inces, with Popyy-Seed, andSugar Pellets, or Sugar 


E = ad 4 - oa ee : 
LL 42 3 

fo wonderfully cook (tatth Fernelins 
/ptefently cooleth it. The Seeds bri 

fire. The juyce with Honey put into the Ears, killeth Worms, and ftayech the 
‘running thereof, It helpeth hot {wellines; or eruptions of the skin, as Blains, | 
Wheals, andiuch like ; as alfo pains of the Joynts, and places out of joynt , and 
the Hip-Gont. The fame is applyed to Womens Nipples; and fore Brealis, and 
_ that with good fuccefle, laying 1t often thereon, Being mixed with Hogs-creafe, 
and applyed to tonl, corrupt, and filthy Ulcers and Sores, cleanfeth and healeth 
them, by cooling the heat, and repreffing the fharpneffe of the hnmoiirs, fowine 
nitothem. The Mufcilage of the Seed made in Plamtane-water, whereunto the 
‘Yelk ofan Egg or two, and a little of rhe Oyntment, called Popileon, ig put) isa 
moitiafe, and ture Remedy to eafe the fharpneffe, prickings,and pains of the He 
morrhoides or Piles, if ic be layd on a Cloth; and bound thereunto, It @ayech the 
bleeding of the Note, applyed wich the juyceof Shepheards-purfe, aud Bole-Ar¥ 
moniack. The'Herb boyled, or the ‘Seeds withthe Root; and the Fundament 
bathed therewith, or to fit over the hot Liquor, eafeth the Fenafmus, # Dileate 

when one is often provoked to flool, without voydine any excrement. Ir takerh 
away the burning, and acrimony of Lime, Exphorbium and Canthartges, Ic ta- 
keth away the roughneffe ofthe hair, being bathed with’the Muicifage thereo!. 
Elexwort-Seed keepeth Campbor verywell, andlthae byiits coldneffe and moy: 
‘{ture: There isno a aed if it be wilely, and’ vie ly applyed's* yer ig 

not amiffe, to give wich Cinamon or Mace, However, in cold and méyt B 
-/ which have bac narrow Entrals, it isnot 'fafép> 5 ose era mae ey 

ptavie. L:a+ 
< hee B 

BRE it a 2% 
y de a a 

Oat “Wort. . 



~~ ___ the ParadiffeofPlants. 1p 

— ‘ 

qort, 12, Gyant Throat-wort, or Bell-flowers, 13. Bell-flowers, with {mall 
dented Leaves. 14. The Syriaz Coventry Bells. 15,Round-leafed Throat-wort; ~ 

The Forme. 


“Pie fi; groweth in Shes mood by Oxford, oti that 6 

Syria, int t-wore groweth in feve- 
rall placesimtorkfhire. wort which eroweth near 
untothe Lanes end, that leadech from Dedington to Oxford, about the place 

3 sod “ 
ie hk 4 

v5 as ar moft of the Bell-flowers, 


re WS 6 ae 
: “= : see + = 
. Ofis 

. Scofscherm have a feiafinamady tae 

8 Adam in Eden, Or, 

eae Of the Date-T: ree. 

Kes The Names. 

TW Tis calledinGreek ert, inLatine Palma, the fruit, Sexnro x gobs 
Palmula & Dattyli: the theath or skin which enclofeth the Flowers, is 
called EAdm, Elate and ome, Spatha: and fome think one kind of Date 
>is called Caryote, and Phanicobalenis. which were alfo called Regie, becaufe 

they were fitteft for the dyet of Kings.7 hebanes were the lean dry Dates, that had 
little fubftance in them, The wild or low Palmis called aeualexges, by Theophra- 
fius,and Chameriphes in Latine, by Lobel, reas an Palma humilis arto we 
Matthiolus: and Palmitee, or Palmito, by so ee Bee 
Greeks alio ‘call chat head that is Red otee zor) Siew 

tines Palme cerebrum, the brain of rhe Date-Tree, — 

The Kindes, 

. ls ia 

"The Date-Teee nual prorwnalineiitgrest and tll yetin ome plac 
fo tall as in others, bare ot grees unto the top ; the Bark whereof, is not io | 
well to be faid fcaly or rugged; as knagey; havi ving {hort knages,which are the ends 
of the middle Ribs of the Leaves, fticking ed about the Body, which give 
an eaiie footing, like fteps to climbe, or get up into the tops of the Trees, to ga- 

ther che fruit Lene aap og , made as ic 
wel eof divers parts, and folded together double: the middle Ri ; being thick, 

d almoft wooddy, but fponzy within; which do alwayes abide green , and hang 

“ee ware with their ends:the Flowers are enclofed with a long > cate fheath,. 
ans me | ae om eo oushel ming wr mee ee which 

Seg page el or! 
: redo baci ® Prone vce ityce Apple, others long with rhe 

fome* top foft, forne none at all, fome fo fweet and luhions; chat they. 

_ willnorabi slongyumbeffe they be preffed into CaRes to be kepey others will a-’ 
_ bide whole fora: time, an fico befene af ino any far tr 

. — Ghe againft another, fallech off. ‘Thefcaee@eeinces 3s 
os ey are {0 folid, and firm,as avery fione, and can hardl ee acaenpig* ae 
her : yet having a mall hollow place in the middle of chem, with fo {mall 
therein, that it would not be thought to fpring : yet being put — 

the ground, | hath fhot forth, even in this Country, lone, arc 

‘Leaves, which have aia a convenient warmeplace, aners yeats, without a ae 
ny igteat: cgesic peer iG likech avcold ee 

s 1 * 
itv? ti pis CAT 

The Places nal Ti me 

__ The manured Date growerh inall the Eastern Countries, generally,and thofe 
‘have been moit commended by fome, that grow in Judea, and in the valley of 
Jericho ; but Bellonins taith, they defervéd hot Commendations , neither were 
they ripe about Spngray' sr above a ‘moneth after ove had been gathered in E- 

¢: they grow allo in Jtaly, whe are plan t bear no fruit ; and in 
ie by rire Sea-fide, buit- Si Shine ‘ee wighers prus, and the Le- 

_ vant. The other two forts, the firft in Sicilia, ani a Te Sechedl in Spain, 
they flowre in Api and are ripe es 8 or later, 

| baat 2a. asia 1 “dinolbin thofeaond Deeyéeicand xaeinset ot bic n <3) 
efpecially, when they are not through sipe; Being ‘fa 5 they are hor,an id 
h: £iB¥e 

lp er eee loan, hotel ee ae) f 

: ~ 
> Hisjai ie te Sd TAL ae ee et a cy 

rinels, and roughneis ot the Throat : fhe tha Cough, 
: Rheum, fallingon the Brea{tand Lungs, and are nied allo a- 
sant Gaifumpiions, and wafting of the Body. The Decoétion of them taken, 
allayeth the force of hot Agues, ~ and: “fayeth: ne, of blood; the pain in the 
Stomach and Bowels, by reaton of a Flux; and ‘Warerand ewe and 
taken, doth retrefh the tpirits, ecaheembeeintase ena a 
eee oa eeet tee Back and Bladder : 

n-Red' sy be made imo Posi sone, o 
plyed cote Smack al they {tay the vomicin 
ecottion of Dates, or the L aves of the Date-Tre 

iomnte he Eys, and. So ee oe 
umours into t ° in and to 
Puthes ; SR 6 ‘. eth mae 
 Eye-browes ; and being mingled wich W 
ces of rhe Aefh, as Wens, and tuch like... 
and ftayeth the 'preading 
~ €th any luxation or joynts. out 
plan or Pultifes. They are 1 

elon sn yah intel ae 

Sena. ‘aa Tall be coon fe nico enient | 
gues, and in thole Di eafes which are bred of raw humours, as in the 
" iS a snd Maske : 1¢ Head. of the Date,or Dare brains, 

a - = 
azP i "OAT 
is very plealanta vat locks elagadennaat a ihe ideliere theys gtow; tobe 
eaten Wi er andSalt. -Of-the ‘eaves! of the Palmito, they ufeto make 
Brooms, trofwee epy ee which will ae along time; of them likewife, they 
eo ae anit han Se SE 
to t. Mey 303 tab 15 ashat ary: om Jars oro! ¢ ‘d ‘coe ioe 0 High 
Siow toca «210! oiscbres ser eooGH AP VENI « AIRI TMRO OS TE; GaN TE 
oi tt be 3196 368 ft ast bel. Sods 1 fynont £ ansinlurst 0G6 D081 yo 

: saad y s7 

ohn a 

ero} OWT 7 ; 

” T is called PyrlainLatine ie icha' 
ei cca 5 

2 send airy Greek hame) « foli 
108 5 sr! fmiliade, ofthe likeneffe 

well known, t it. puctech all onc ubt, © SomevHave Called ‘it ida fil 
veftris, as Pliny and i Fulchius becanfei it = me in thes pringabour the nme 
that Garden Beets do, but Galen faiths spent wild fort of the Beet. Orhers 

have called i it Tintinnabulum Terre ftom the likeneffe ofthe fewer to abell, 

i eareee of tall noWw.a 3 yi _— ne in Eniglithy: i 

ot aeyrege 

nifh creeping root, every one a iding alone) ootitalk, d being 
as oe pmed of fad gren colour, hard in aad 

final a = tit, Wherein is con 

. — 

~ the Para alt eof Plant Besa 
all “ae er “eXcept ee ‘Amnetiesiy Sort about Jone and but the other more 

lare with Us. 

: The Temperatures oe z . 
“Wintervréet sscoldi in the fécond degree; and dry i ih the chica nis eheeed 
ing aftringent = glutinous Waehall, jae pag 
eel be Vertues, 

. , 
~ idee ; ‘Z *5 SOE sy BG ek yerteet ? gt ee my 
Ysre Be hy . Chi msh sels CAD i ay 315.2% i i 

ri is Book atk era 

principal Het 
hOtgnin burt’ ‘hat to’ ; 

eae : ie jie bOpted ple ee 
ofthe , or the jriyce boyled with Hoos-lard, or w et-) 
Oyl and Wax, and ee “which is fo f overaign a a Salve.’ 
for'all mahher Of wounds and Sores,that the’ Germans leit exceeding muth,and — 
extol ic beyond all other Satves; madéof a fimple Herb : They likewile | 
inward wounds or hurts, being boyled, either by it felf or with . 
Herbs, as Comfry, Burnet, Mof-care,, ‘er wherewith che 1 
ver is wounded, either i in the eee 
to drinkofuich a.decostia cot . 
eys, Or heck of 

ven to adniness ‘ |! Kidiiey 
e y help them Te fayeth alfo all Flunee, whether of 
c fumours, asthe Lask, Bloody Fluxes, or Womens too abundant 
Conrles : as alfo the bleeding of wounds, and both taketh away Inflammation, 
rifing upon the pains of the hearc, and hindereth an rahe arife, being prefently ap- 
plyed after the hurt teceived : It isnoleffehalpfil for foul Ulcers, hard to be cu- 
red + as alfo for Cancers and Fiftulaes. _ The rel water of the Herb, doch ef 
the fame't 1 {ortie’ keep the dryéd*Hetbto uf in De- 
coétions, or made into powder to dink as 5 oftenas ye a mi neo 

grea’ a % 

wea gh 

ie ee 
Mott Ort cap iaeaen, oat? 
+e" iT ‘tls 

iatahied if Es 

A lim in n kiden, Or, ae 

“The ey 

Befides the ordinary fort, Fabsus Columna maketh mention of ich with 
lange: Tongues, pogne Leaves, which as he faite’ is much more rare to find, 

The “Sls 

‘HorfecTongue fhooteth ~— ~ =~ ee ere — which 
omewh ad, at the omewhat hard, with Ri Is. running 

— ule panic the middle Rib, growerh a fmaller Leaf or 
Ton: gue, about the middle of the Lx Mas the upp toe; which makesh itxo dif- 

: pa other Plants, that grow upon the ground: Under the fn 

the bottom where ir joyneth to the grearer, commerh. forth one fr whitith 
| ‘ed tani ery ch hen ey oe vice aie 
q the Berries, are ripe, are very like unto the 
f ree, wherein iis deed the Root confifteth of 

> The Places ond Tie, VAR sod 

uk Ikgroweth upon Hills, and in Woods, in divers places, both of Ger- 
, only cherifhed an Ganiens with os pafticnlarly in 

, 7 yrech, and t the, Berties ue ipest theendot 

* rr at thes a4 but i 1t {cident 

secs grat 

u d to fettle the 
Mouth in its place, that is ets Aitder’, by reafon of too 
= ure, which ma likewile be fignified thereby, it is likewile of finghe 
; ate Veen wre to dry up che moy- 
ture, and to bring them on more Speeds ae the Powder of the 
: tr Roots,t gees or W in Peake h pctet ars 

to pGucemete 
Silt fpeedily gi 

— anianniift 

the Paradifeof Plants. 


. : ° \. 

fi2 bern JOrtereD I 

. ‘. ¥ . a 

1330 03 31 SiSire 

ehsow 24 9833 “OF J Figg Wort. ¢ Senet = 

5) OTs 3 3Of d err pix 

~ ite fit ¥2 

ther forts want the knobs is in the Roors, whic the : 

y great Fig-wort. 2. Great Fio-wort, without. kno 
eafed Fig-wort, of Candy. 4. Strangé great Fie-wo) 
Figvors6, Yellow ee ubias 7. India| ig-wort, 8 

The. pia ae eae 4 
brown ftalks, two'dr three ety 

hier Aged fnbte cher! OufS did pi it £0, arid’ did find svsilabl 

thei be eight forts fer down ty pale i Tie 

bed Roots. 3, G: 
Anoches isge aden 

ing Add inlsden, OF _ 

The Tempersemre 

I cannot find the res of this BeebCetaicin ‘an in any Anthonr , yet I 
oueffe it to be the fame with Fig-wort (becaufe it works 

the fame effect) which is na and tne in the end of the third Degree, 

The Signature nd irtwes: 
al ir 7 of the Re Des unt 0 pagae caimonts, 
‘bouc the Throat : abate the beds e iundamenr,. eo wis 
Rages Pt itis excellent ¢ t good for Rent 3 any pirbes ings, - els, 
‘bunichés, or Wens, srowing in the flefh wherel ever, ‘the Decoction .of the 
e taken inyvardl and the bruiled Herb RINE Bp ; and {fo itis of 

eular good ufe, to ed for the Hemorr oides or Piles, when they row 
‘painful, and fal ali down, ape + nels 

or fuch other knobs andkernels, ae fometimes 
grow irr and about the Fundament : : Iris alfo very effectn: 

fill, being ufed'as is faid before. An Oyntment mis death f, in "inmate f, 
may be uled at all times, when the ftefh Herb is not to be had. Wath the Roots 
clean, bruife chem, and put them into a Por with frefh Butter, well mixed roge- 
cae and let them. fo ftand dos fhitteen are dole covered, in fome mo 

a gentle fire, co boy! eafily fora lietle 
x {trained forth, | Z fin a Pot covered , to ufé 
ith the ¥ Lo0rs. and tone, > likewile bruiléd and 

Sonica Hoc or OW id Wax, is made the Tike Oyntmenc, “exceeding 
goodto heal’ ail forts of Scabs, and Lepry alfo. ‘The ditilled water ofthe whole 
Plant, Roots and all, is ufed forthe fame purpofes, cither to rake inwardly, or 
lyed outwardly by bathings, andierveth well alfo for foul Ulcers that are 

i low, or corroding, to ftay ‘the mali it ity, and to. dey up | the puuctinous a sirn- 
lent moyfture of them:the fame alf6, rake ‘away all rex "ee 
inthe face: as alfo thefeurs, or-any foul deforinity Ess 

ybrnife, or 

See eer eTd ofp. yam esata eee 
tes send Pty Story cull aedyesmn | 
Pie 2° grat Oa eT. 7 ei. ar — 
CHAP. LXVLew. me 
OF hace, or Dead Nettle. - ; 
The Names, 

~ Eonbarths Pufchins in his Hiftory of Plants, doch huddle up toe 
“thet, BERG wT Galeopfis, Urtica, Labeo, ‘Scrophul ia thajor: 
@,& Caftrangula, asift Were one and the e Plant 

aot he et alfo. T have already thewéd you, ‘that SePoplia/a 
major, $C. 1S the or yore? TMs that thongs hPy bie 
and fome others Eve te Archean Galeopfis to t be the fame, yer’ gate | 

not ftinking. That which flinkerh nor , , Pliny calteth Leia ROR che ' 
ee cacullo larvatam Lamiam reprefent ante, which look, like an old 
Witch, hudledup in a Hood, It is called allo Ureica iners, non mordax G mortn, 


7 <p = Plo — i 

nae Oo en — coe ee 
2 = Re RE a 
—" — a ee a ae a 

quia folis non mor dacibus Ted mitiffimis fi Urtica, tor fome re'emblance it hath 
with other Nettles; swers, &c, becaufe it ftingethnot,.as other Nettles do. Some 
call it Archangelica,ab extkmaiis viribus; for its excellent vercues, from whence we 
in England (co which it is more proper, then to oth Countries) call ic Arch- 
angel: as alfo Dead pie snd and Blind Nettle : PHN W te ich two lalt eat A is bett 
speearioiier ca oiieraddios 

of this -Plaie ‘picket vice be ed Ah 
aivokesee Wed Aimee! 2. White Ar ) : : 
feafed ted Archangel. 5-A | {potted Leaves. 6, Archangel with 
pres named inthe Leaves, 7+ Yellow Arg 8, Sos og Archange als rics 

8) 7+ ty 
t ee iL | oflabe 
* 4 
. ¥ : 


4 Ee | art ad —— tye wed yy 
af t 0 Jor ee a i The Forme. ee es oni i fe Oo Sr Siz 2 fiom e3 
: ; pees m is 7 gets AA a 
ee et oy ¢ ores pec} ; Bit OF L201 209 

Se al 1 Care is ROR: oe ae 
divers quae lk, abou foo high nt Rann ea 4 i ‘a 
Riounieteeerummetauanie Fag Haha the great 
psp naganre te hy eh. re" 

ck them, is stay ti times you thall fee Children and Bees do: 
, esate ~* flowers ae fallen, ftand fall, roundifh black Seeds: The 
Boer! yy white, Yo Pine Eatdiah thereat, nor growing downwards, buc lying un 

the upper cruft of the fpreading and increahing like unto Cot -gtat 
which abidech Matiy years {till increafing, | 

ese Ronin iy se gE eEPS A AER” RR Aa 

“The Waar and Times 

The firft forts are fourid under Hedges, old Walls jctimmoi waiyes, dnc 
_bifh, in the Borders of Fields, in arable, and in Gardens that are a 
except the Speni(h kind, which o owéth not, bur in Gardens here in Exgland,as in 
the Garden at Oxon, 8c. The ifth croweth Germany, as Thalins faith, 
andin ftaly,as Adatthiolns and (olumna ate plentifully, Thofe wich white 

: rg games ara ‘The f€aventh groweth in ese vistas of 

ei a bd whieh fone Sal? 2a \ 4c. ary, ot with: Hogs-Lard 
‘gpon any a tumour ‘orfwvelling, and that in the Neck o Or i ig is hyd 
edthe Kings Evill, doth help to diflolve or difenfle them : in like manner ap. 
plyed to the Gout, Sciatica, or other Joynt-aches, or of the Sinews, doth very 
much allay the pains, - give eale. Iris alfo effeétuall inall Inflammations, ag ' 
to neal all green wounds, by drying and clofing up-the lips of 
a hier, 0, to flay their malignity of fretting and coroding, 
fi 1. to heal. the cEdily,. It draweth forth 
like ni 1. At is ufed alfo for the 
nefle of the ne ose Ot ieee by drinkine the De~ 
coétion of the Herb in Wine, and afterwards a fing the Herb hot, or the De- 
mings to pike one = he sper , or fomentation wirh Spon- 
3 Orconterved daily to be 
and thole of the Red,fiay- 

merry, to drive away ina en the pints, ane 
alfo againit Quartan Agnes, Likewife it {tancheth bleeding at at the N 

= ferb be amped and applyed to the siape of the Necks andif icbe-fo to 
ofne tc and clefts of the skin, about the Roots of ‘che Nails ofthe it 
an by Signature, as 14 rollivs affirmeth, Pliny highly com- 

»as for bruifes and burnings, buc the Archangel 

mended for 0) fe lion fores, of 
ene code 

see o Brat, and make it to, tobea kindof tulle; but 

i sieepeghirey theancient Greek, os 

Sorts of Foxploved atcisheia aff 1, Comm le Foxglove.2.Dun 
foxgloves, 3. Bluth coloured fr rapa agi 

the ParadifeofPlants. 124 

“The greater white Foxgloves. 6. The jeder white Foxgloves, 7. The greater 
ie 8. The imal pale selow. pagers 

The Firme, 

“The duenenalt este ck ach many Laig atid Lilt ates, intone 
ground, dentedabout the edges, ‘a little foft ot woolly, and of a kind of hoary 
green colour; among which, rife up findry ftalks fometimes, and but one very 
often, bearing fuch Leaves thereon, trom the bortom to the middle from whence 
tothe top, it is ftored wich large and long hollow reddith Purple Flowers, a lit- 
tle more long and emineht at the lower edee, with fome white fpots within 

‘them, one above another, vith {mall gr $ at every One ; butall of them 

_ taming their heads one way, and hanging anaes, having’ fome threds alfo 

in the middle ; from whence rife round heads, pointed fharp ac che ends, where- 

in {mall brown Seed lyeth: the Roots aremany fimall husky Fibres, and fome 

gener faites gs among them : the Flower cae no oe but the Leaves have a 
itter hot ratts wae 

es nS Ay 
The Places. ‘mt Times as 

: ae _ = ey pre “ij 4 eal 
nels o Little 2 Wickham, and libewite ot St. eee 
Poweth b rene and alfo itr Landefdale, Craven, and in a Field Serre 
pea i > in he North of England; by Colcheffer in. Effex, and by Exeter,mthe 
Weit: The reft are ftrangets in Eugland, unleffé it be int the Gardens of them. 

thar detight in fuch tabect Races 2 TR RSet bine : 
Steit js tipe iti of ee 

504% ae 
ee “at ; i Gite - 
~ q ‘ a 

<“ . what ™, ke — st 

: ¥. - on Ve : wif . 5 es . 
A See, “pes | ol x : 1 ESAS TS. UG Se BY : 
a « Si ay wiww + »* i~ 3 5 e - ~ , M 
co Sant Desi am Ne Fe ature, yn eae 
+o. Wat “ “ae ’ eit Ee « 4a, 7 
* ee ee 

= Tetons hey bie welt sich a cutiane baad 
Cleaning g quality Babs tot a 2a RE, 

Ht oa 3 sat % S925 ss 

> th rt 7 

Pw wile pa e+ 

Ancients, it being noe fo mt nu 
4s no excute to che Phi 

“Thewe afthis Pa Pai nap tore ae 

gtearer efteem chen with ws, call ir Po Rea dl ahespoal vc ian a 

concerning it, which is,-Aralda tutte Piaghe Alda Aralda{a\ ‘Sores; for fot 
they ules Slasly ie rhs ge tera: 

Ages oat e mitment, and ufed th 
sting Vere chi ih, it conte aderemecalk iat thick. co 
_ sow his ed Ctr Sec iit bet 

Eitcaees —- i 
a ae I 
Wine gedGnankerre: Renacleaeae Picohersoh ead up with jome Sugar, 

or Honey, is available for the fame purpole + asalfo'to cleanfe and purgethe Bo. 

_ dy borh upwards and downwards, tometimes of tough flepme, and clammy hu- 
mours, and to open the obftructions of..the Liver and Spleen. It hath been alfo 
by later experience found to be available for the Falline 2 Sickneffe,and divers have 
~ been. cured thereby; forafter the takingo ‘the Decostion of two handfinlis there. 

8, with four Ounces of Polyp Spee kde tinned idainyhtochog 
been én troubled: with chat: Dileale fi enty years, have: beem: cured’ the 
Mr, Culpeppe er faith, that he is tah Open of it isione ofthebeR 
<2 STt PDRS OF 18g ier ess, piceescsbie he 

* A ditis: wots ‘ad itt ‘CABAL | hi Ys choad RYO Lf 

ong * : ; Sse “e 
wd B¥% Pet “eb £3. ED iG ene uF Of es feck Llib a ae bad e Bb iwtiv ge breees eyads: & ~ at c 
; Ori ccs: eed 73135 

pine. aie = 

aoe ty hex i we we 
* The Names. 

3 a is called by thie Gretians, repens. ‘Bey y a 0, 
“lephram, & S gale Sylueftres, ire cook the name lin 
ftom Te FCAdyjia, 

FeEE C hia: y OPE os 
as h the r chilles 
wi him,-both haply being g mixed ta > It i ote alfo, 
A media velrertia,ot Brunfelfius; Pabaria, ab ba craliy anc ‘Aba i inves 
~Ebndiees ss fo allo by Lebelya foliorum faba fimilitudine. and Creffula, or 
Craffula major b y divers alfo, as well 38 Diofcorides a foliorum craffivie, Cordus uv 
on Diofcorides calleth it Bee 7 ale r esahe tobe Cae 
don alterum of Diofcorides: tis Ge 
ferosvanid Matchsolas'Dedonens oO Chaps, and divers. 
pa It is moft common in all thee p. 

the ver 

urea sg 


parts, Tr enatth Itis sar 
2 ieee becanfe a at of the greeri Leaves hung up in © 



—_ the Paradifé ofPiams. ay 

5 saath rs a NE I 

The Places eng Time: ; 

The firftis frequent almoft in every ¢ Country of this Land, being generally 
cherifhed in Gardens and 1 Pofoand plates growing, wild,as abot Heddington 
Quarries in Oxf6rd fhire, and aboix St. Albans in Hartfordthire. “Thefecond 
is often found in many places of Germany.; as Tragus Camerarius, Clufius,and 
others fecdown. The third was fent out “of Italy b Sete Pancius,a wor- 

Herbarift and Phyfitian of,Ferrara. . The fourths found borh in Spain and 
aetema came originally from Imperatus of Naples, The laft (which was 
called Cepea by Matthiol 7 

was firft communicated from Padoa hiefly Hedy p eS nas Ot of 
thofe that are lovers ae Plas, They 

their Seed is. BPE in ie 09 # yao qeiier9i 
— erie <n . The Heh die: 

The Oualicies of Orine ark ditering from the ore oF i sin 
that they are’cooling as Purflain is, pectaity the 1enee foe be more. 
enclining tohéat ; and by’ RANGE chee i Mufcilagineffe: thereih, it is‘ fome- 
what aftringent alfo: piven Di {corze es i nd 16: en Y: is 
fore” cioaat the Tela oft eS ualitysyet it 1s thougne t - 

The Vertnes and Si ignature, 

The Leaves of Opine bruifed and applyedto thethroat cureth the ‘Quinly, 
which is an Inflammation of che Throat, or of the higheft parts of the 
Gullet, hindering neces ang ce fwallovsing, when as the fanitis neither in the 
Tea oc Lg Me * Calpe faith , that maya to make the 

into a or 5 af vo haa 
at atime for a eee you hall Bd theo neat a io 
— more ba Mer if Aer nso air pe earnies o- 

opr y i CC cHe- : Colleges 
hom | v u eth othe ion many times to inveigh a- 

intt, % coe ‘Iris feldom ufed (not- 
eithtanding Mrs Calpers raph ia inward nedicines with us + ‘Tragns 
faith, and hat from experience; that inn Germay ‘the diftilled water thereof 
is ufed for gnawings or excoriations in che’ Stomach or Bowels, and for Ulcers 
in the Lungs, Liver, or other inward parts ; as alfo in the Matrix, and helpeth 
all thofe difeafes, being drunk for certain dais together, and that it ftayeth the 
- fharpneffe of the humours,in the bloody flux,and other fluxes in the belly, or in 
“wounds. The Roor thereof ialfo performeth the fame effect. It is ufed. | 

| sen eerie mera ai eee aoe jines = 

taseiie Seay -aldings Ban Bg ren with 

Seana SE og CHAR, 

ee HAY. De 
= . Sellen of the Wal, 

nd quoe ide a ioe «fa =f atine 

imitating the Latine : buclo dy forgerti nel fear at xs » Ca 
licory: pe Rit ig ar a sheWall ‘ 
It, rom the other  howfosver. bet! 

herein’ ie The Kindes, 

Vall, t, Common Pellicory of the 


. ee rer | 

we ba sceribon as fomere- 
inal Fibres ei 

Hit ry of the Wall is counted bymon tobe cold and mois, bur furely 

the ParadifeofPlants. ie 3E 

ic is hot, Otherwile ic could not be fo effectuall again@ winde and the 
Stone, unleffe it be by a Specifick Vertue. 

The Vertues, 

‘The dryed Herbin powder made up with Hony into an Electuary,or the juyce 
of the herb orthe Decodtion thereot made up wich Sugar or Honey, isa angular 
remedy, for an-old ordry Cough, the fhortne/s of breath and wheeling in the 
Throat. The Decoétion of rhe herb with a little honey < added thereto, 1 is good 
ro garsieaforethroar,and being drunk without honey, ic eafeth the paines of 
the Muther, and bringeth down’ Womens Courfes.; it alfo eafeth thole grieis 
that arife from: objirnétions of the Liver, Spleen and Reins : the juyce- *heid 
_ inthe moutheafeth the Tooth-ach ; and three ounces thereof taken at a time 

doth fully help the ftopping ‘of the Urine; atid to expeil the Stone or Gra- 
velin the Kidneys or Bladder-and is therefore put among herbs, uledin Clyfiers 
to Mitigate pains in the Back, Sides, or Bowells proceeding of wind, flopping of 
Urine, rhe Gravel or aforefaid, Tf the bruited herb fprinkled with fome 
Muscadine be warmed a a Tile, or in adith upon a tew quick Coales in a 
Chafingdith, and applyedto the Belly, it worketh the {ame effect. A pultis made 
keer with Mallows, ngkeied: in Wine with wheat Bran,and Bean Flower, 
and fome Oyl put thereto, ‘and a warm to anybruifed Sinew, Tendon or 
Muicle, doth in_ very fhore eke 3 Be tore them to theirftrength ; and taketh a- 
way the paitis: y and “diffolves the congealed bieod of any beatings of 
jae from ~The j juyce or the digill ed Water, which is nefnl for 
—— ofes aforefaid, isexcellent alfoto cleanfe the skin, from ‘Spots 
atid Freckles, Purples, Wheales, Suri-burn, Morphew, &c. and maketh it {mooth 
and delicate. _ The faid water or juyce, doth afiwage hor Impoitumes, burnings 
or {caldings,asalfo all other hot tumours or Inflammations, be it St, Anthonies 
fire, or any other Eruptions of heat, being bathed often in wet Cloach cs dipped 
therein, or the faid juyce made into an Oyntment with Cernfle and Oy! of Rofes 
ant anointed therewith, which doth alfo cleanfe foul rotten Ulcers, ahd. ftayeck 
Creeping Ulcers, and rimning Scabs in Childrens heads 5 and helpeth alfo-to fay 
the falling off the hair of the head, ac, ‘The Leaves mixed with Oyl of fiveet 
‘Almonds in manner of a Pultis, and laid to the pained a 260d help or for 
them: that are troubled wich rhe Stone or with windaan ili The jnyce 
bacco he = Ears eafeth the Noife and hummings in them, ahd taketh away 
gpainesin chem, ‘The juyce or the herb bruifed and 
peo ais with a litele falt, is eet. effeémall to cieaale Fiflulaes and to heal them. 
tt is likewile very effectual for any green wouhd, that is, if icbe bruifed and » 
Regd shereappaeeitaestan Fe othe: seo ir cit 


ee ae a egies “<t 
MR tp ty iat et . oneeg ae has nae 
les SO Oe eek Te bien thas i a 5 cilia See! 
Ti its 
oor a 


ae. Adam in Eden, Or, 

which ithough. fome hase taken to be the fame wich bare or naked White Wheas 
yet it is more probable’ thi ac red Wheatas meancthereby, b being fo called a-rube» 
re grani. 


The Kinds, 

-Me thinks Mr; Parkinfor who was a Man fo exqiihtely experienced in the 
Foun of allforts of Vegetables, fhou!d.nor be fo miftaken in fo common a ching» 
as Wheat:yet he feems to me{o to be;for in rekoning up feven forts of Wheat he 
Jairh chat there is,1Bare or naked white Wheat. 2.Bearded or Red Wheat “7. - 
Bright eared. Wheat. 4. Double eared Whear, 5. The wild Wheat of Can 
6, T ripoly wheat.7:Summer wheat. For my part: ‘Ineyer fawa'Land of Red 
Wheat, with beards, bur many bundred alia iichion' and for White Wheat, I 

have feen it boch without,and with Beards, rai shave heard of forts of wheat, 
which sg ke ple call Duckbill Wheat, Gone Wheat, &c. Which Whe- 
ther they be by names. toany of the former, Tam not certain but I think, by 

Duckbill Wheat they mean the Red; and by Cone W i 6S the White 
Wheat with beards, which soared fo white beats sthe R ; 
wheat isalfo. sae ee eAmyle 

The E. ormie, 

Starch Gorn is very dike unto wheat in Stalk and Seed, bur the. Eins ate nar- - 
LOWES t chebcascls \oiistas Tale sbseres | {mailer : che Eare. thereof is fet round a~ 

D Wil rank beards as Ifaid betore, almoft 
‘oher tl er. 0 > 4 

rg e Seed co cloied Chatt 
Be es ©... 5 H 
and Sy melange nage ‘ bs nally ae 

ee T he Places and Time: = ae : 
 Thave obierved the whire Wheat to efow frequeritly in oe ordhir. : 
the Bright Eared Wheat alfo here aiid there. , The Red Wheat i is sony ; 
but witha The double Wheat sroweth about Lyonsin Framce, The 
‘fitt was broughe from Tripoly, The fixe from Candy. The fever 1 stowerhin 
ays Poland, and. Deamar R. The double Wheat, Summer Whear, and 
cand dy, are to be fown in the Sptihg,becanle they will not indure the cold. 
cet, f bur the teft are ow in Atte rithn, are reaped in Int or Angi 

DF Lemper atone: 99 
> Kinds: ea SWhieat “according to’ their: natural —— are: fork 
gree 5 but neither dryer nor moiltneth evidently as Galen 

faith, “yee Plage ~deyeths- 
ate Vertues, . 

Fie tea a ae ‘heat being appl hot’ out ofthe ‘Oven for an 
hour thtee daies topether, to the T eat that aks ubled with Kernels or che 
_ Kings Evil, healeth it perfectly;and Slices of itafter it is 2 little ftale being foaked 
in Red Rofe rockipitice “aiescee are hot, red, and inflamed, or 
that are bloodfhot he pe engi Wheat mixed with the juyce 
of th lumours to the joynts being laid thereon 
fad meal boy led in varerh pattie fhrinking of the Sinews, faith Plnyabd 
dich Vinegar and — bopied mand aa all freckles, {porsaitd 

BURA G.: Pos Hoe ay é Se 

=" ty ~ ae % Pt wv ole ie oP ah ee ae PO 


the Patadite ofPlams. 133 


Pimples. on the face: Wheat-flowre being mixed with the Yolk of an Eoge? 
Honey, and Turpentine, doth draw, cleanfe, and heal any Bile or Plague-fore,or 
any other foul Ulcer: the Bran of. Wheat. Meal is:often boyled in the Decoétion 
of a Sheeps Head,and ic is given in Clyliers,to cleante and open the Body, and to 
eafe the eriping pains of the Intralls, Fhe faid Bran fieeped in fharp Vinegar, and 
then bound ina Linnen Cloth, and rubbed on thofe places that have the Mor= 
phew, Scurf, Scab, or Leprofie, will take them away, fo that the Body be well 
prepared and purged before: the Decostiom of the Bran of Wheat or Barley, is 
tound of good ufe, to bathe thole places which are buriten by a Rupture : the 
{aid Bran boyled in good Vinegar, -and applyed ro fivollen Breafts, doth help 
them, and {tayeth all Inflammations : It heipeth alfothe biting of Vipers, 6r 
ther venemous Creatures: ‘The Leaven of Wheat Meal hath a property té] 
and to draw ;, and in efpeciall, it rarifiech arn of the feet arid hatids? as 
alfo Warts, ahd’ hard knots in the flefh, being applyed with {ome Salt. Starch 
moylined with Ro‘e-waterjand layd to the Cods, taketh awaytheir itching, The 
Waters that are made of the pureft and finelt volatile Flower, being put in water, 
and drunk, doth {tay the Lask and Bloody-Flux, and. is profitably ufed both in- 
wardly and outwardly forthe Rupture in Children, and boyled with Roles, dry 
Figs, andiome -jujubes, maketh a fit Lotion to wath fore mouths or Throats,aid 
when the Kernels thereof are fwollen'andfore: the fame alfo boyledin 

unto a thick gelley, and taken, ftayet ing of blood, and ed with 
Mints and Butter, it helpeth the bn : th, That the 
Corns of Wheat, patched upoman Iron P: eaten, is a prefent remedy for 
thofe tharare.chilie i. The Oy} preffed trom Wheat, between two 

thick Plates 0 ron Or Copper heated, healeth all Tetters and Ring-worms,being 
ufedwarm: And hereby Galex faich, he hath known many tobe cured, Matthi- 
ol#s commendeth the fame Oyl to be purinto hollow Ulcers to heal them up,and 
it is good for Chops in the hands or feet, and to make a rnoged skin {mooth, Dio(- 
corides faith, That to eat the Corms of green Wheat hurteth the fomach; and 
breedeth Worms, but chewed and applyed to the biting of a mad Dog, it cureth . 


eee erees 

134 Hah in y Eden, Or, 


“The Names, 

= His Grain; is s generally in Greekcalled agin » in Latine Hordeum . but 
wo of the kindes are diftinenifhed into. Difichon, and Pol Ly fticon, 
which laft ismoft likely tobe that whichGelew calleth.Gymnocrithon, 
that is, Henley: nudum . not that the Ears are without rowes, bur bes 
cauieghé Grain is Husklels:and may be alfo the Cangherinum ot Columella, which 
he err cage FConmrvetes called Hexafticum. We-have a fmall kind of Grain 
brought hiosabe uleaerlih Our Dr pen in great quantity, termed French Bar- 
pe rset capa ith, was fenc him out of /ta- 

Jy, having fix rowes inthe Ears. 5: by Tragus and Cor- 
dus is called Hordeum minus ; ieee becaule it is 

whiter;from faze), Milk whichis ofa white colour, - 

The Kinds, 

fout.) x. Beat Barley, or common Barley, 

The cies Barly is fowell tase to all a ople Pad £0 defctibe i it, 
were to teach them that which they know already, oe mp T fhali ibe 
that which is called naked or bare Barly. It hath Many rowes of Corns inthe 
Eare, which are inclofed in the Husks, havi: not that skin on them, tha the o- 
ther hath, being lank, fmall, yellow, and fhort, almoft like Wheat, but leffe.The 
ftalks are like unco the common Barly, f ving thar it hath not fo many flalks, ri- 
‘fing from the Roots; fo that though the one have fix royes, yet the other hath 
thirty or forty ftalks to countervail them, 

4% viecaire. 

ic tis Out ufuall Barly, in all the South parts of this Nation :the other 
only: the third is not very frequent in our Land; but the lait 
is more rare: yet it hath been fowen in our Gardens in April, and not before, 

and was ripe in the beginning or middle of Augu/?, The nfaall time f he or- 
dinary fort being in AZarch,as to the fowine ; Bs, the 5 Beg end sapere 
che mowin g. ’ 

_ The cameo 

pe is coo 

— the Paradife of Plants. 135 

~The Meal of Barléy-and Fleawort, sori boyled in Water, aiid’ made into a 
pm ante H and ‘Oy! of Lillies; applyed warm, cureth Tumonrs under the 
sophie foe uch like places. A Plaifter thereof with Tar, Wax, and 

on act pesoele hard fwellings of theThtoat; called the Kings Evil, A Pultis 
rhiade of Barley, Meal, or Flower, boyled wich Vinegar and Honey, and’a few dry 
Figs put unto them, diffolyeth all hard Impoftumes; ‘and excrefcences‘upon the 
Eye-lids, growing in the form of a Barley Corn by Signature - and affwageth In- 
flammations alfo, being gappite yed, And beineboyled with A&d:lore and Camomile 
Flowers, and fome Linfeed, Fennigreek, and t Rei in Powder, and 2 ‘ipelyed Warm, 


ic eae hein in che ies and oma, and che ine ba the Spleen 
boyled wich tharp inegarinto.a Pultis, on Tpeth the Leprofie = 
ott vichererich Porneerdeae Ribs and Myrtills, it fayeth the 
Grete pair ches Baroy owes qlise Sah and'a Quince, | a ealethi 

ey-v ciiniet ties made 
iden ? ee fareen es 
I ey 1s much ufed in pectorall Dileafes, or Dif 
mafes c alt, helpeth the harpaette of the Throat, and increafeth Milk, ef- 
pec ally boyled with Fennel, Ic provoketh Urine, andis very profirable in 
fetick Feavers,if ic be thus admimiftred ; Take two Ounces of aes Cee 
it in two frefh waters, then boyl it: quart of | {eating halfan 
Ounce of Licorifh, and ah han i of 7 y Straw 

reece ea of water for a Bach, and ufe it againft the Scab et 

136 X Adam in: 4den, Or, | 
. Fhe Kinds; 
Tigre are. 12. forts of Garlick mentioned cated Authours.. 1: Common Garlick, 
_ 2, Crow-Garlick.3, Ramfons {potted, or Snake-Garlick, 4, Great Turky Garlicky 
. Great Turk: Garlick, witha bulbed ate ey twining head. 6, Clafius his firtt] 

Hungarian oly, 7. Sweet Fa inelling Hf arian Pig) 5 8 le round hea 
‘Moly. 9. Purplith headed At edt rodent dtalagn med 

ait He Tne fn 12, Beale oid: 
: - -3¥ q 

ri rertgy 7y + . ' 
2 " po + peP ahd : ee ia VES : 
> 7 : : ba e 
. = 2 
z + + - ¢ 4 

Omit ie caret ies pm id eit is f common, Lath 
sive you oni he fe ld ee ronGoic nich i ude call Omeys 

Snakes Garlick, tough; long Leaves, like Rufhesy-but not {o 
und tir eer y Wihin:Amongtt which,rifeth up a naked-alk,rounds 

little Seec made up ina round clutter, like fmall ernells, having: 
raft of Garlick, sition ore Root, there is a bulbe or r6und head wit 
Cloves ar all, 07 esyal set at cichaplieg 

>d the Aantels, on che Bae 

bie Seite ington, by Li 
pears divers Countties, as Germany, Hungary. France. 5) i, al 
‘ahd ot Lind alfo, Rowing is Samm and wee Frat Se pain, Italy, Taran 

ps ; bb decay $ (th te hy. ‘ : i 

siglo soaring om Dg and lh i eng rit ce 
the skin, 
oes he Latour. 

The Vertues, fete ee 
a being eaten, heateth the Body, maketh chin thick, der 
mours; cutteth fuch as are tough, and clammy, di hand ks nd go 
it alfo openeth Obftrudtions or ttoppings, and is y to cold poyfon, and to 
the biting of venomous Beaiis: Ittaketh awa 

Fags | : 
helpeth an old Cough, provoketh Urine, killerh Worms, expelleth Wind, hel 
dlizhe Cholick, cures the , Dropfie proceeding of a cold Caule, sis a #4 
Courfes in Women, and Airreth up Venus and Luft, but coat the Seed of Gene- 

; yft ftomach, and to ftir yp naturall 
heat. Ac old Man by lying in the cold in the Winter feafon, had aime loft the 
= aS at of ‘his and his appetite was even decayed , after. 

icines vain, che comago and peens A ha 

the Paradife of Plants. | 137 

the fame Diteates, and tor the Quinise. The miik wherein Garlick hath been 
boyled, is good for worms in Chiidren;ortwo Ounces of the water may be giver | 
morning g and evening for a week together, if need be, The Decodtion rhereof 
uled for a Bath, or Fume to fit over, brings down the Flowers and after-Birth. It 
cureth the bitings of mad Dogs, or the bitings of any other venomous Creature: 
being bruited with Rue; and applyed, it taketh ein big ae Tetters, and 
cures fcabbed Heads in Children, Dandraffe andScurf, rempered with 
and the parts anointed therewith. The athes of Garlick bine | ftrowed in ines 
healeth them. © The {mell of Garlick driveth away venomous Creatures, and ap- 
plyed with Figs, and Cummin, it cures the bitings of the Moule called a hi ey 
Clove of Garlick put inro an hollow Tooth that aketh, eafeth the pain: 
it with Saffron or Pepper, and hold it between the Teeth, | ‘bei 

and applyed to the Throat, it helpeth the Quinfey, and fwel 
juyce mixed with Saffron and Gooje-greafe, cutes the ‘hoyfe of the Ears, be 

ut therein, Garlick burned, and the afhes mingled with Honey, ahd hard to 
Black and blew marks after bruifes, taketh:them away, and helpeth wild-fire and 
Scabs, being bruifed and applyed. They ufually cure the Pip in. Poultry with Gar- 
lick. and being given to Cocks, it Bie: Ba-wrepry ovetcame in fi a bite Not 
withfanding all thee Vertues, raw Garlick eaten too liberally, m isketh thé Eyes 
dim, offendeth and hurteth the ftomack, canfeth thira ¥ bureeth “the “Kidneys, 
heareth and burneth the blood, yielderh no nontifhmen nt 0 ¢ 
Mou ata dt lahat ae eect 
Tt hurreth Women wit apa ‘ Ss 
it be taken in a quanti Haoreed on: a wikis Eso 

ogether moderately; 1: $00d or fuch as arr ae and moyft, and abound with 
fleomatick, (ae and rough humours, for old perfons, and in cold feafons, The 
be Away of preparing it for food, is ro boyl it ie and to €at it with Oyl, 

Berrip ) Al 

Vinegar, or fitch like, 


The Names, 

ft Book of his Hitto oi Piny 
ongettieg c ae =e 

Pa Ae? belek ta 
arid fort ie cid a ia fay fri 

RRS Adam in Eden, Or, " 

~ Common Liquorice rifeth np with divers wooddy flalks, whereon are fet at 
feverall diftances, many narrow, lone green Leaves, 4et cogether on both fides of 
che ftalk, and an old one attheend, very well refembling a young Ath-Tree 
prung up from the Seed: This by many years continuance in aplace without re 
- moving, and nor elfe, will bring torch Flowers, many flanding together, Spike- 
_ Fafhion one above another, upon the ftalks of the forme of Peafe Blofloms, but 
ofa very pale blew Colour, which turn into long, fomewhar flat and fmooth 
Cods, wherein is contained {mall round hard feed: the-root runneth down a 
feat way into the ground with divers other {maller roots,and Fibres growing 
with them,, and fhoot out fuccours from: the main roots all abour, wherebyit is 
much increafedot a brownith colour onthe outfide, and yellow within. 

a ee 


econd, in France, Spain, It 
réth late with Us, and {ee 

7: Lhe Pee! — 4 
“17. ye Sa Se 

‘2 a gk | 
4 ?, 

Seed is ripe in Scprember, 

an Ee Temperature, 

Liquorice is temperate in heat and moifture ; and therefore familiarto the 
Temperature of Mans body, as alfo im that it is fweet,and hatha little aftri@ion 
€or 1s lor hat bitter, and hor ; but. 

root when it is full of 

©The Root ofLiquorice is good aeaint the rough har hnere of che Thea 

Gpenth the Pipe of che Langs when they belted oF hop 
Lump which is called Succus Lique- 

being holden under the ton 

good againft 4 


drunk with che 

Wheefing, Shortt | 

and to 

the Paradife of Plants. 139 
tions,caufed by the difillation of Salt humours on them : itis goodalfoin all 
pains of the Reins, the Strangury and heat ofthe Urine, | The Scythians.are faid, 
by chewing this in their mouths to keep themfelves from thirit in their long 
Journeys through the deterts forten or twelve daies ;and ftayeth hungeralfo. > 
Liquorice boyled in water with a little Cinnamon added to it, ferveth inftead of 
drinkin many places, e(pecially ifit befetto work with Barm, as Beer is and 
then cunned up ; and will grow clear, ftrong and heady in. time, as Beer will do; 
_ The fine powder of Liquorice blown through a quillinto the Eyes, that have a 
Pin and Webas they call it, or Rheumatick diftillations into them,doth cleanfe. 
themandhelpthem. The Juyce of Liquorice diffolved in Rofe Water, with 
{ome Gum, Tragacanth, isa fine Lohoch, or licking medicine for hoarfneffe. 

wheefings and alh other roughnefle inthe Mouth or Throat ; androexpecto-__ 
rate tough Phiegm, as alfo ro condenfate thin rheums, fallingon the Lungs, Ic 
is likewife very much iifed by Farriers and Smiths ro put in drenches for fuch hor= 
fes as are hide bound, and do not thrive, or that have gotten a Cold or any other 
diftemper of the Breaft or Lungs ; and may alfo be given to any orhér 
Cattle upon the like occafion. | 

\ ' : : : ‘28 ; 
Mee is fg ' ; Pe ing py ae x 
, £ Lass } P3835) ahi ks Oo an 
CHAP. LXxxtk 
op # oo ae . - ee A are? 
ee mime A SA Sos, ee +3 Soi) ie ee oe 
. ‘ “ es : . ‘ 
; : x "te sy wy i "ee eer? 
“ " HS aig oe oa ~~ eee Sa ge ip Fy 
eo ie a IY siinitt Fann MP Goa tiga yoo gt, 
we = «Saar. 2 
eng y “P r a 7 at a . 
a ZZ ga — - $ 
The Names, * 

eM He Treeis calied in Greek,=# ; and the fruit, eux? in Latine Ficus 

both Tree and Fruits the wild Fig-tree is called in Greek, aaddyple 

and pvs¢s by Galen and others ; in Latin Ficus Sylveftris . and Caprifi- 

: c#s : the unripe fruit of che manured, as allo of the wild kindis called 
in Greek ZayyQos, and in Latine Groffus : but properly Olyxthus as well as Groffus 
doth fignifie the early ripe of each (ore sclcsiiyed Eigrarecaihctam Greek,ianetes 

and of {ome ggeragt as Paulus AE ginetus and others, in Latine (arice:the grains of 
fmall kernels within the Fie are called by the Greeks xeyxerpictes and by the La- 
tines Ficaria : the Greeks call the early Figs, wed pquoi quafi precurfores,the La- 
tines pracoces anid Groffi, the Branches of the tree are called Cradz both in Greek 


oe. Sor in sWaien, Or, 

and are both of. fdey colours, of feveral fizes,and-ripening at contrary times SOF 
coke as alfo with thicker or thinner skins that coverthem. Tho(e thar are 

eet are white, and ota reafonable bignefie. - 
‘The Placesand Time, 

The: ieee ieree! ‘eroweth: plenifally i in ‘Italy atid Spain, aed not 
without planting.where the fruit being gathered before it be over ripe, is laidin 
the’ Sunne’ to’ dry rhatic may be the “better to keep allthe year after, ands 
thence traniported into other countries : And fo are the blew. Figs which crow’ 
there alfo ; but not fo commonly, whofe Tree as it is thought came out of Bar= | 
bary, They bear ri ripe fruit both in the Spring, and in Amgu/P or September, We 
have them in divers Gardens of this Land, bur the fruit thongh many times it ap- 
pear before the leaves ;° yetfeldome aw to © perfettion, acm it be 
rs tinder a oe wall. 3 Ss . 


The Temperature, mores S80 as t 

The Fig-tree is hor and of thin parts ; which the milk cuter from the 
Leaves and Branches being broken, and the juyce taken from them by preffing 
them when they are young, doth plainly declare;being exceeding hor nor only 
_ biting and tarp or fore rcibiyycleanfing, bur eyen  exulcerating and offending the 

: nd thetefOreit is not {afe to be taken inwardly, Yea 

th ‘fuch an hor temper, that it they be pur to boyle — 
: with Bettharis tant ath hereby bécome tender and foft : the wild Fig- 
tree and the Milk thereof is more effectuall then that of the manured, ‘The 
Figs themfelves are hot and moift in'the fecond;or almottin the hird'degr 
: peraentey etna Darth pede! so Ron oer pert ae 

betiga-eibard bliw 9 TheVerenes and Sigurt: it 289 28 

eye oO Stk at Ute -abege £555. 
NhdecbSion of hinds good: forthe:Con ish Lunes-and thro: fy as.all =A 

fienpet of excel het D me flop a 

re belt falling, or — the. Somat 
d.applyed f S-powder Penny gree . 
para e 1 tumours and Kemnplis surdeaiha met of Fonrgek 
where by Signature ; as alfo the hardneffe of the Muther ; and if fome Leaven and 
Salt be put to them, i it breaketh Pane gendst may be, was the fame that 
cured I pice aha alfo mixed againft old fores of the 

| other, foul in Wine 


much to ee mal 2 

ei f are aes 0 ag 
an of Fig Leaves doth alfo ays 



that iniests che sana Signature ; ;the Leaf being commonly divided i into five 
parts, as the hand into five fingers - and becaufe the hand is a place tull of joynts 
ic hath theretore been -applyed tothe Joynts that have been pained, and found 
effectual. Thefame’ Ys hikewile ‘excellent good to wath te heads withall ;.. 
neithét is chere fcarcely'a better remedy’ tor 2 Leprofy then iris ; itclears the 
face alfo of che Morphew, and the body of white Scurffe, moift Scabs,and running 
fores : Ifit be dropped ‘into -old fretting Ulcers, itcleanfeth out the moifinte | 
andbringeth up che flefh: and beeanfe the green leaves are norto be had in win-* 
cer, an Oyntment may be made of them in the Summer for the fame’ ‘purpofe: * 
The Juyce being put inco an hollow Tooth eafeth the pain, and is an effectuall 
Remedy for pain and hoile in che earsyand alfo for deafneffe if it be dropped into 
them, A Syrup made of Fig leaves taken inwardly, diffolves congealed Blood 
caufed by- brutes: or falls, and helps the bloody Finx ; An -oyntment made of. 
the Juyce of Hogs greateyis as excellent # Remedy for the biting of athad Dog, 
oP any Veriemous: ‘Creatiire,as any is, ~ A ‘Syrup made of the leaves. Or green fruit, 
is éx¢ellent good for Coughs, Hoarfenels or fhortneffe of Breach, anda all dileales 
ofthé Brealt and Lungs. Some fay that the Fig Tree as well as thi ; Bayt ) 7 
isnever hurt -by Lightning: ; as allo that a Bull, it he be never. ‘mad being’ 
eyed to a Fig tree will become tameé'and gentle, andthac it profpererh che bet- 
ter ifRuebe fet neer unto it. The blew Figs no doubt of the fame operation 
with the white to all Lele 52 2. iefrvit cometh molt to. maturity with 
us, and is earen as.a pretty Junker wach cis Pepper, for unleffe they befo 
eatén, or fome ™ wink 2 ese Hf seft them, t they paffe not. quickly 
“of che > but Penne Herel ; and do fometimes put the party eat 
them in danger ofa Feaver. i Figs alfo fee tana earenlo ere 

The Kinds, 

I find fifteen forts of Hyffop fet down by Parkinfon, 2. Ordinary Garden Hy- 
flop. 2. White Hyflop. 3. Golden or yellow Hyflop. 4. Rufler Hyffop. 5. Dou- 
ble Hyflop. 6. Broad leafed Hyflop. 7. Jagged or dented Hyflop. 8. Musked Hy- 
flop. 9 Red flowered Hyflop. 10. Dwarf Spanith Hyffop. 13, Tufted Hyflop, 
12, Cirled. Hyflop. 13. Mountain wild Hyflop, 34. Narrow leafed yee 
15. Round Leafed Hyflop, | : 


. . 

: The F. Orme, 

~The Common Garden HyGsop, i is a plant that rileth fometimes to be about a. 
foot high, with many woody branches, but tender ; at the tops whereof are fet at . 
certain diftances, fundry {mall long and narrow green Leaves : at the cops of the 
ftalks ftand blewifh purple gaping flowers in fpiked heads, one row above ano- ~ 
ther ; after which follow the feed which is fimall and blackifh; the root is fome- 

what de with many threddy dy ftrings ; The nacleplaneiss as $ of a its (weet 
fent, and is firto be ftrewed in windows, and fuch places, - ae 

The Places and Time; 

spies Hyfop g powesh natutally upon the hills of Romaxia, odie. 
gnto mount Baldus, _ ae Mislede kind in Spaix, and the moun- 
n the hills in many S Ot Germany; and,as Adatrhiolus faith, 

‘thofe that are ioe oF ane ie ~The ce 

7 rand Jal od their {eed is ripe in the beginning or middle iit ite 
| : The Temperature, 


> Hyffop i is hot and dry in che third degree . andthe mt : e si = : 

~ this parts, < It cuttech and breaketh 

that which is thick and grofs, it openeth chit w rar rustonge iat chi 
ae es pechis eee : topped, 



A Decallien made of Rue and Hé » being drink doth help tholet 
- troubled with Coughs, fhortneffe of wae Wheefings ‘and rent 
Jations upon the Lungs :caken alfo Wich Oxymel, or water and Hony, it 
eth grofs humours by the fool ; and with H oney killeth Worms in the Bel] Ic 
amendeth the native colour of the yipoiled by the yellow Jaundife, help- 
= 7 So the Spleen, ifit be taken with Figsand Nitre. It is yood 
Falling ‘ icknefs Pip 6 oe expels Wind. andbrings down Wo- 
ures, and ealer weet NSIS. Scie tery Be 
ueaies-etpecially; thole that proceed bens cold; if the quafiti | 


mpismore ef on when one g¢ 

ra ind garplethe Teer segue eie dat helpeth the Toorh- ote 
ing boyledin Vinegar and the mouth Fpl che bae Wes 
Othe Decoftion, taken by a Funnel in <i een the Inflammati-— 

pand as A%- Gime Fach, the inging mello them alfo: Being brnifed, 

the Paradife of Plants. 143 
and Salt, Honey, and Cummin-Seed put to it, ic helpeth thofe that are ftung by 
Serpents. The green Herb bruiied, and a little Sugar put to it, doch quickly heal 
any green Wound or Cut in the Hand, or elfe-where. The Oyl thereof killeth 
Lice, and taketh away the itching of the Head, if it be anointed therewith. It 
helpeth thofe that have the Falling Sicknefle, which way foever it be applyed: Ic 
helpeth to expectorate tough flegme, and is effeétuall in all cold griets‘or Difea- 
fes of the Cheft and Lungs, being taken eicher in a Syrup, or licking Medicine, 
There is alfo a Wine made of Hyflop; named Hyffop-Wine, which is good for the 

fes atorelaid ; and there may nie? ons ope made after the ‘manner of 
‘Sace-Ale, by adding an Ounce or two of good Liquorice. ees | 

. se : vit ecannot do, unleffe you would, as 

a. the. teyzer, Erigerum ot Diofcorides, which the Latines 
call Senecio, and therefore Lobel calleth it Faceben Senecio, Tragus, Matthiolus, 
and othets call it Flos Sti Facobi,and Herba Sti facobi, Dodoness and the late 
Writets Facobea ; for what caufe I know not, unleffe it be, becaufe it flourith- 

rifheth about St. James-tide. Some have taken the Sea kind to be Arthemifia Ma- 
rina, of a f{pecies of it, becaufe the divifion of the Leaves is fomewhat like the Ar- 
themifiavulgaris, Others call it Cimeraria & Argentea, from the whiteneffe of 
the Leaves, which fhew like filyer, or as though they were covered with Afhes, 

andis ufually wich Us, called Jacobea marina ritiana, Sea-Ragwort in Er 
‘ih, and Rag-meed, by fome Country people, from the raggednefle of the Leaf. 

The Kindes, 

_ Of Ragwort there benineforts, 1. The Greater common Regwort. 2, The 
leffer common Ragwort, 3. The firtt Hungarian broad leafed Ragwort, 4.The 0- 
pe: “ar rs Se ‘gwort. 5. yi tiate gi Ragwort, 6, Round 
leafed hoary Ragwort. 7. The common Sea-Ragwort, 8. The letier Sea-Ragwort 
9- Broad leafed Sea-Ragwort, - 

The Form, 


rhe Root is made.of many Fibres, some greater, and others leffer, whereby it is 
firmly faftned into the ground, and abideth many years, . 

‘The two firlt Sorts grow wild in paftures, and untilled Grounds, in many pl, 
ces, and both iearibccnama Field often times: the three next grow in Hea 
gary, and eAuftria : the fixth grew in fome parts of France, but it is nor expre{- 
ied where: the feavench growerh on our own Coafts, not far from the Sea, in the 
Ifles of Sheppey and Thanet, .and along the Kewtifb fhore in many places: the — 

eighth groweth on the Mediterranean Sea-fhore of Jtaly, and other places, ‘as by 
«the Seatide in Zeland: the laft is mentioned by Bawhinus, but he expreffeth not. \ 
pratt dephyecatas eds and Pete o 
and are to be feen in ryfic ens at Oxford, and Weftminfter, flower 
in Fune and July, and their Seedis ripe ineAuguft, ifs ied | 

Ragzwort is hot and dry the fecond Degree, as fome think, with fome bitter- 
neffe joyned therewith ; and therefore cleanfeth, digefteth, and difonffeth, 

The DecoStion of Ragwort is very much commended to wath the Mouth or 
Throat, that have Ulcers and Sores therein ; and for fwellings, hardneffe,orim- — 

<} ind healeth them: as alfo the Quinfey 

hes, chin Rheums and Defluxions 
and ftayeth the malignity of frettingor 

bone, to bathe wee sysop 


, 1 Pe Ee . d Hogs-Snet wich 

ne Maftick and Olibanum in Powder. it, after it is Attained forth, 

efore; for ocherwife ic would be to little or no purpofe. It is heldalfo 

temedy to help the $ taggets in Horfes, and upon that acconnt, 

wort, and indeed it isnot without aSionature thereof: the 
ges of the Leaves, being like unto thofe uneven motions 




Of Plantaine.’ 

The Names. 

HE generall appellation that the Greeks have beftowed upon this ex- 

cellent Simple, is épydyawosv, Arnoglofiam, which they were enduced to 

do from the form which it doth fomewhat reprefent,to wit, of a Lambs _ 
Tongue ; It is called in Latine Plantage, duéto 2 Planta vecabulo, as if this 

were the Plant of Plants, as indeed it is; Itis divided alfo by the Greeks into 

Epevdesy, and msyrtydpoy, which the Latines call Septinervia and Quinquenervia, 
the firit having feven Ribbes, Nerves, or Veines, the other five; Thegenerall 

Englifh name is Plantaine ; but that which the Greeks call Eptanenron, we call 
Way-bred, becaufe ic commonly breeds by the way fides; and that which they 
call Pentancuron, we call Ribbewort, and Ribbewort Plantaine, the Latines calling 

Latifoliay becaufe it is broader. 

The Forme. 

~ The common Waybred beareth many fair broad and almoft round Leaves, 
faving that they are alittle pointed at the end with feven ribs or finews in mott 
of them, running from the one end of the Leafe to the other, of a faddith green 
colour om the upperfide, but more inclining to yeliow underneath ; from a+ 
mongft which do rife up divers {mall {lender falc of about a foot high, naked 

and bare of Leavesup tothetop, whereon groweth a blackifh green fpike or{ca- 

ly head, with bloffomes like unto thofe of Corne, after which cometh thef 

which being fmall, is enclofed in thofe little husks; The Root is made of ) 

many white little firings, whereby ittaketh faft hold inthe ground. 

Boe a Tbe Placrt and Time. 7 ‘ 
‘The firft groweth by thofe wayes and paths that are made through Paftures 
and Meadow oft places of this Land; The fecond about Mompelier; The 
third is of our owne Land, but not fo frequently asthe firft; The fourth grow- 

eth in St. Fob Danvers his Garden at C 

plentifully in Meadowes, Ficldes, and fometimes in Gardens, without invita- 
tion or welcome, though they be as ufefull as any there; The eight is found 
alfo in this Land, but forarely, that ic is taken intothe belt Gardens ; The two 
- daft grow in filent Rivers and ftandi 3 

Months of Mz, Junt,and fay. 

~~ Allthe forts of Plantaine are cold and dry in the fecond degre nic The 
_and Sced which is of fubcile parts, are not altogether {o cold asthe 


it Plantago angaftifolia, from the narrowneffe of the Leafe, as they do the other 

Cheifey ; The fixth and feventh grow very | 

x Waters; They flower in the Summer 

the Paradile of Plants. ss “ry a 

, re * 


_ for thofe that have the Confimption ofthe Lungs, or that dre troubled witha= 

76 ~~ AdaminE-den, Or, 

and outward, yet becaufe the Mouth is the firft part, whereinco it is commonly 
received, Ihave appropriated thereunto, and the rather becaufe ic hath the Sigs 


e “The Signatures and Uertues. | | ae 
Although Plantaine be beneficiall to all the parts of the Body, both inward 

nature of the Tongue,which is not only exprefled by the ourward Forme theres. 
of, but alfo by the Sinewes and Veines that run thorough ic; And thereforeie 

_availeth very much in divers difeafes of the Tongue, whether they happen from — 

wounds, as biting, cutting, or the like, orfrom inflammations of that or anyo- — 
ther part adjacent, asthe Mouth, Gums, Throat, &c. as alfo from the Cankers, 
or any other eacing fore, the decoction, juyce or water thereof being often garg. 

led in the mouth, orefpecially, a little Vinegar, Honey and A!lome being mix- — 
ed therewith 5 The juyce or Herb ftayeth the bleeding ofthe Nofe,or the bleed= 

‘ing of wounds; The clarified Juyce or Water thereof dropp: d into the eyes, — | 

coolech the heat thereof, as alfo the Pia and Web thereof, and dropt into the 
eares, eafeth the pains therein, and helpeth deafneffe ; The fame with the juyce - 
of Honfc-lecke, is very profitably applved againft all inflammiation:and break. 
ings out of the skin, and againft burnings or {calding by Fire or Water; The- - 
‘Juyce mixed with che Oyl of Rofes,'and the Temples and Forehead annointed 
therewith, eateth the pains of the head, proceeding from hear,andhelpech fran= 
tick and lunatick perfons very much, asalfo the biting of Serpents ora madde — 
Dogge; The clarified juyce drunk for divers dayes together yitfelfe,orwith 
fome other liquor, is wonderfull good to ftay {pitting of blood, and all other 
bleedings at the Mouth, when a vein is broken at the mouth of the Stomack; 
and is likewife effe€tuall to heal any Ulcer in the Reines or Bladder, when. i 
bloody or foul water proceedeth theretrom; It is held alfo an efpeciallremedy 

voughs thatcome with Heat; The fame alfo 
torments and frettings in the Guts, ftayech 
ix¢s, a8 well in Man as Woman ; The. 3 

= decottion or powder of the Root or Seed ismuch more binding then the Hebe: ee 

powder of the dryed Leavs taken in warm 

whereby ithelpeth Acues; The feed made into powder and mixed with the _ : 
yolk of an Egge and {ome wheaten flower, and made into a Cake and baked, 
doth ftay vomiting, or any orher Flux or rifing in the Stomack 

No whether - 
ng made intoa Salve wits Oyl; Was and Pie es 
s) though the Sinews and Veins be cut afunder, 
‘The jayce alone, or ftamped with Vinegar, and 
d fore, and {wollen with travell, bringeth 

gar a ¥ 5 Ee: ager 
fon Se SRAM 
Ree dad : =e 

ae the Paradite of Plants pee a7 } 

Of Columbines. 
‘The Nemes. 

{Here ts great contefting among{t Authors concerning this Plant; whe=> 
ther it were known tothe Ancients or not; One will haveirtobethe — 
| ‘ porbos of Theopbraftus, another his Diefanthos, another would have itto ~ 
be the Hopyrum of Diolcorides, but Cornutws affirms point blanck that ic 
was not knowne; Itis generally called by the Writers of a later date Aguileia, 
Aquilina & Aquilegia,becaufe the tolds of the Leaves do fomewhacrefemblethofe __ 
Pipes called Aquilegess which were made as Pliny mentions, for the conveying 
of water, which they alfo contain in them, as Cornutas feemeth to inferre, efpe- 
cially from that fort of his which came trom Canada; That this Plant fhould — 
have likeneff: of properties with wild Ontes, called in Greek Atzilops,feemeth 
to bealcogether improbable; It knows no other Englith name but Columbines. 

To fet forth the varieties of G li Se eS di ee 

the Task of aFlorifhs If 

totheir colonrs, would bé 
Bive ye fe which have different Termes, 
s- 2Double Columbines. 3 Double inverts 

ibinet. a Rofe Colunbines. 5 Degenerate Columbines. 6 Columbines of 
. bis 


ae 2 
On See 

The Forme. . 

~ Jour, alittlerefembling Celandine, from amongft which arife ftalks, fometimes 

The Planer ama Time, eg 

‘The firft fort hath been found to grow wild in the woody mountains of 
‘Germany, but with us they are found only in Gardens, as the reft are, their place 
being otherwife unknowne, only that of thelaft, which was brought from Vir= 
'  ginia, by that indaftrious fearcher after'rarities Mr. Trade (cant the elder; Th 
ad commonly about the end of April, and the beginning of Maysperith be 
“the end of Fune, only the Virginian kind flowreth a Month foonerthen 

EE Oe The Temperatures = 

7 Ciliadpibs ate (aid to bé tempperste in fefpett of coldneffeaad 
moderately digeiting, as a 

a The Devikel. as ee 

3 oe 
Every good the Country,is hardly now tolearne that Columbine 
Leaves have in them a faculty wherey they are found very effeftuall, ifthey be 
boyledin Milk and given to thofe thataretroubled with fore Mouthsor Throats; 

_ batthere be ocher wayes of ufing them for-the like purpotes, as for the Kanker, 
Red gum, Quinfie, Kings-evill,&c. For the Water Canker in the Mouth,drink 
the feed; For the Quinfie, drink the feeds often with good Ale, or ftamp the 
feeds and herbs with Honey, and take it wich milk ordrink 5 Ic is good for 
young Children to drink it againft the Red gam; To help the Struma, or pains | 
fall Swelling in the Throat, called the Kings cvill, feeth ic in milk, {weet wine, 
on Oxyniel, and drink ir, or is a It is good alfo for the inflam 
mations and fores of the jawes and Windpipe, and like wife againft the Jaundife 
and founding ; befides it openeththe Liver, Againf the Jaundife and flopping 
of the Liver, and the feverall difeafes that may-come thereof, drink a dram of 
the feed, and a half penny weight of Saffron, with Wine, and be laid well cove- 

_ redto {weat ; The jayce of Columbines being drank in the beginning of a Phren- 

fie, and the party ufé Pottage of Sage, Valerian or Rue, it helpeth him; The 

decoétion both of the Herb and Root bene ina ancaite Wineand fome Am- 
bergrife put thereto,is with good fuccefie ufed by thofe that are given to fwoun- 
ings; Camerarius faih, that the Root eaten for many dayes together in the 
morning fafting, helpeth thofz that are troubled with the Stone in the Reines: 
orKidneyss The feed taken in Wine, caufetha {peedy delivery to Women in 

will; The feeds drunk with Featherfew, in flale Ale, caufeth thofe Joynrs that 
> nt ag n th Ercaicr {peed,and the juyce with wheateMeal 

sand Sores. 

in For to Colambines, Ihave thouzbt 
apter, after them, as not meeting with a finer 

 fitto fet the foot of this C 



~ Child-birth, and if the firft draught do not take effet; takea fecond, and thar 

sini ietel | CHAP. LXXVIL 4 
| of Cudweed. 
Sage pngeeenyeee” Name RLS 9g 

fied) 3 oue {ech} “I3¥50) nee stils eee 

” T iscalledin Greek: orpénur, Gu Ap Ie eens pete 2 
_caufe the Ancients uled a yraqa Sr enicsntonied flocks which 
ome from Cloth, iby-chedrefhing of che Fuller, co tuft they E pricks 
26904 , imGreek, fignitying co drefle Cloth, asFullersdo, or theare « 
elec Saas! Uae hatin Memes at nunculesand 

Filag 0 and "Herba:iopia, Herb Imspiousy 1 oie Beatt PE 

sith: as.alfo-that ic was Called Camazelon,. 25 festa ois have i 
xylon, the iow! Bombattor once A m tk 

ee ania es Geir enh et hele as Fe 

rer ‘a3 -% Parris c¥ + . ale ae é yee 
x be es = 4 err Feme or = . ae ars eee 
om « LF asks B 
% teh? et Lae 

“The Sorcs of Cu Beatties Terese. with, are teh. t. Out gredt common 
a ore ae 4. aa lefler Cudweed, oc Herb Impions. 3. Anorher Teffer Cudweed, 

4. The leffer broad leafed Cudweed. 5. Small ch oom 6. The great 
Cue of Amerie commonly cle ‘ivelong, or life everlatting tom 
greater German Cudweed, 10, Sea Cudweed, bs Citmed | : 

_poyey, | The, Forme, ~ A: 

The common Cadmeed rifech up, but with ane fale fo7 imes;. 
moan Bose ick 0 Ee? with fmall, long, and narrow, whitifh, or 
| middle piss Aa) fade. almof 0 top: from amc 

Pa os 
with the wn 

mar Desks a a, aces gamenyn a Ham ath, and ne 
The = fmelling wibigafianred Cudweed, sroweth on a g 

Rd. he Te pen errs. 
Thefe Herbs are all of sant pf ae or ofa Binding, or deying quality, 

othe Warn AO) 

"Pliny faith, that the Joy ce of the Herb Jmspions, or ieffer Cudweed, taken in 
Wine S Milk, isa Soveraign againftthe Mumps and Quinfey ; and further faih, 
that it is marvellous, what is reported of it, that wholoever fhall take 1 It, fhalt 
neverbé troubled With that Diente » Cridweeacis alo 

(which is an Ofte ‘tothe ftodl; ahd 
Ghat soa i ecoretaae The et sett Lear 
boundto any oreen wound, ftayeth the’ r : 
Decoétion or “Juyce thereof, dorh the faire, ancdotht'h abl-old and‘! 
cers quickly. Moft of them alfo may be ufed for a week, in a to Se 
but efpecially, that which groweth by che Sea-fide. When the Hopes were trou- 
Dledy with a Ragas corruption about their Necks, the Country people 
to give U Heth Impiows boyledin Milk, or the 

ed ro rae it, would: daft 

eas 5 es 
ce ae Sor 


teffend namin: nine 
the Teel and A, itbongol , e. 

t apevex Gute t ili 
Wire Elen G uto believe: : 

* _ 


The Pasacieof Plas i aa 

~The Forme, 

This Excrefcence called Joe are is a and limber Mufhrome, which 
while it is freth, is not very thickyb but rrarifparenr, of a blackith colour, of 
differine forms and fizes ; tor {ome will be fwolne and'puffed up, in one place 
more then in another, having fome refemblance to a Mans Eare; fome thin on 
the edge, and thick i in the middle ; “and fome two or three growine together: all 
os bakit oy Colour, andthen may be eee a 

joylins be uled as youre tie * 

we at fj Ses ge, 

_ Gerard faith, that the jelley ofghieEhdenjosherwile cle Joa ath 
and drying quality. , 
a alte It 624 SEIS O99? age: hedi Lidows iyeisrisoyd dibs; effi! 2idac :* 
binds id. o promo! 1M? PAT 28 04 

“Dr. sauitibhakoice, Piyirion Ordinary of Ofbatin, 3 in hak ingenious ms Trae 3 
- called the Anatomy of Elder, faith, that even common Country Women, fo foon 
as they fulpect any Dileale in the Throat of their young Children, they fleep the 
Sponge ot Elder im their Drink; and when eee ielog hey therewith: euretale 

Se cotaette a pppoe ig i 
neal E : uN ye. Anda Lotoch, Or’ ic ine r fe RLY 


of the Spirie of Wine, anda fi Seen ae 
Bed wiht occ pee she Matra: ago coreths bets. The 


PC te: S9 YY ‘ x 

$con nimer ded 50 ' fied ad aoc Whiiow sit fio one 2. On 

teh sii BES eet Six ree eM i { ; ftae 

= ne 5S Sinner 26t iG Ti 3 ti dey, ied .liry vseds sd y vii afiise 
< G Tort $e i ys 4 27 Site & ~ em ee le Bg , 

3 99¢ syed I as “Gabnbk byl wobroM x 
30g ois hawol 2t 1 . wridhbwst 
eal «3 Bak > vib-iod] 
h veh aw oF saa) vast m7 
1701 yA Mis 2 i djetve ey yo nos 
MEA oif3 rat yFicluzit Is ? 

=: shorty ai st ot Ohad? 


30% Wodve noma ai 223062 nit 
3104 2MNO2 Y2 T2~ ela 

148 Adam inden, 07,5 

Ee Tigcompars: 
The Names, | Sig. 
5 Aving appr ied ‘eierall Sim ie8, tothe ini de aid outfide Reh 
ysor rope 6 comes hext in oi tobe provided for, both intemal’ 

ly, and exrernally,to which there 1s not more proper then Elecam- 
pane, which is called in GreeksEagpey > - , Heleninm a\fo in Latine - ; andof 


207 981 WGI 897 

fome Frula and Enyla, and Enula Campana ::fome thinkit took the mame from 
area of Helen, from whence it fprungywhich is pkebles ¢ others | fay it wasfo 

ed, becaule Hel found it available againtt biting and gs of yene- 
aie "Beats ; and others think,it took its name fromthe Iland Helena where 

the beft was found to row. Wein Englifh callic Elecampane generally; yet 
in fome Countries of this Land, itis, called Sabwort and Horle-heal. 

aid asrad-reee! BD ou The: Wedes, © GS siti Fo 

To this Plant, which otherwife would be finele, do fone fee the Flowers of 
the Sun, as 1.The greater flower ofthe Sum2, The lelser flower of the Sun. 3. 
The Male flower of the Sun, wat, The Marigold Sun poets: 

fark etiebasy gfe i R.sT te om ie Vipnivite~ Ia. WIS EN ET, Pee 

“oo: hier oy sa "ms Mpg 3: os nia Oy 2 

$a7 gest YE + ae bli peatts vor Visas iS ot £ Si} ai slice: 44< 

~ Elecantpane fhooreth forth many ms pee lying. ttt, the'ground, which 
ate boripeand broad, bue fmall at : 3 fomewhat foft 1 aeeernit 3, ofa 
whitifle grekw:on: the upper’ ‘fide ;arid gray’ underneath, each fet. ort 
foot {talkie Fromvamongit which, rile up divers great and, hairy. aks, two | 

of three foor high-wich tome leaves thereon gampating theta | 
ends, arid-are branched cowards a et 

, bearing. divers great 
like unto thofe. ofthe fowerofthe’ ‘Sm. ofvhiciritiaid bebea hieiat peal 

béforé 3! borh the ‘border ‘of the: age ey sinchefowe — ag 

ar d od Peupickb! ache sale 

7no part elfe of the lant having an nel 
Saibsidalemd3r st totes a P ak tec: Hh are 
OI es at gro 03 g3 fi2 2 The Places: ia Time sai te 3; a i 
me T. sod deus 223 15 

=Thidis-onelo ete Dlainesy-vtiereof Eaglandznay boaft: 28 much as ch same : 
growes none beter in the world then in Englands lerApot 1 Drug? 
geilts fay what they will, It groweth in Meadows that are ei zs fruitful, as i 
‘Par ons Meadow by Adderbury as Unave been told, and in divers other places 
about Oxfordhire, It is found alfo uponthe Mountains and fhadowy places 
that be not altogether dry : ir groweth plentifully inthe fieldson the left hand 
yougo from Dwnftable to Puddle hill. Alfoin an Orchard as you go from 
Cilbvokeb heb Ditton Ferry, which is in the vedy from Londonto Windfor andin di- 
vers places in Wales, particularly in the Orchard of Mr. Peter Piers at Guierni~ 
$ron neer St. Afaphs. The flowers are in their beanty in June and Fuly, the belt 
~ €meto gather their roots isin Antumn, when the leaves fall: yetit may be ga- 
in the Spring before they come forth. The 

which is of greateft ule ; for before when it is green, and as yet tull of Juyce, the 
hot and dry quality 1s not {9 eminent, ..\ *, eix St) 



* # : - z 2 
vers,very wfeful. The Rootsand leaves bruifed,and put into Aleor Beer, and 
daily drunk, clear otheneths qni¢knerh 
ly. The R Oot t 


cold or 



“er bees 

4 tH vot Ayr. 
: te pia ret oi ae Se Ree ee ae ORE oa « Td 
f to thirey;tocold and molt bodies, bur notte 
akehe n ay, HLSity lofts s yok Ob ION Dets .3: sti or 
@} vIhiMieD. <bion 3 

eur yt 

+ ‘ 7 «F 

b  jdgteegete & wt WAS 

. ae | } ‘ a . z ; 
wud. Bee Dasd werd io suloods. or ayer. 2ed3 

2 ~ os ‘ r= m. tr bi ef ° ca 
Syeeit) wete sock oe ay 
253). 19036 oes a1 Ts 

+ Kosen, 
; te PALS i | 
tae a > a atagel are « : amish T ts rks bees ee re. } , fe # : 

5 a oo cathe 4 = inea 1D 30 VIG 6... S65 NSNEBIG e226 Lis oe i. i ae 

#3r o-l+ o (eee Ate es Meer) « on an as, Pn | al Ch Peal 
a a i900 Csoraé art) tigi ety SYEH OV svo ony Dis. Citak ¢ roi :* 
. ‘ : 

223! ic FR: ree Of wow % ae been hx - ; ¥en te " . a 3 J oi 
a Sq Yarm at gaiwvory tod) bas didyei daidy yno! sc) o-sgeeen seer tS3 
Of-1 iititsay bis 2101 vaste dose odi neti; isiliss moloidpmé < bated 0 10 
BO; ewes > <ycly set ete : pig A sioner oe as s 
be bar sallow fexi\ S03 ot SUWworg fils te ertes Bt sisi Fk tress: F 
ia i 1s Bytis aud aL wiltedy wud Yiane es1v708 did? AsteO gr ehsilas) 

wi Oy gidlia soaties I cotleshog 9 

Py * » : < J pes 
soctbuybiarli ylirisoss CHAP: a ee 
* Skew yh ee . a 
j eovteste® fy j Biisiy, 
DOV ERG Shp as ‘ od 

Of the Almond tree. 

The Names, 

fp A 

= 2D fan d 

4  eaedated sn Getdigdpaiaange tic, cu dnb de, in Lafinieua 
watt eyo a sum: ome think that Cato meant’ - 
labs » Names of 1 7 sation rather seat 

be made. upon them, if oneopen the thell ofan Al- 

onthe’ kernel : But this Errour and: many. others of this Na- 

snide bpieiaial Petictinueaacigeceain oe. 

fren, it being contrary tothe Law; that: Rowoden 
the kind, co changer alter from one pen Reg! 

sada dl 

he ee The Places and Time, 
iey grow in all places pi th Kiew ox can hear of, in pri, Rerbar}s 
Take > Spain, Italy,and w 
bi ‘Taker. Spn ay ani eH a renin pemene 

ofour Land - andbloffom earlier deena cGuen gis: 
ebeeethee. There it is one of them raring in feand the ion 
BEE | n carly, bu whether ic brings its 


the Panadife of Plants. yal 

The Temperature, 

Thefweet Almonds areithe: pléafanrer meat; formed into many fathions 2s 
every one liketh, bur the bitter arethe more Phyficall ; rhe {weet are hot and 
moiutin the firlt degree, ane, bicterere, a tiping inghe fecond, 

The Vi ertwcs. 


ares har 
are troub ery 

sic se Ss ’ 

Ln spect : cea 

f .Bitcer‘Almonds-o sdoppines of th the Liver stapes een: 
ic Lungs from fo! @ oh a sae cieante: the Kidnyesand'provoke Urine: 

They: take away flatulent or windy humours in the body, and provoke the Conf 

‘fesin Women. Being taken with e4mylxm or Starch, and Mints, they are good 
again{t fpitting of Blood ; and taken-with: water they are good for paines in the 
back, and the Inflammation of the Lungs, They preferve “from drunkenneffe if 
five or-x beeaten in aiméming fatting. The Oytof bitter A Almonds being ta- 
ken killech: Worms, helpech the paines, 'Suffocations and tortions of teWomb, 
Being drunken with wine it mitigaceth the Cough, and brin 
gravel inthe kidnyes, It is reported that ifbirter Almorids’ be 

he dieth prefently after. The oy] borhofbitcer and fiveet Almont 

cleanfe the skin from roughneffe and fpots, but the bitrer -is a nr 
ing mixed: with Oy! of Rofes, and Oyl of Capers, and the Spléen Aesthetics 
with, sae hea cre Ic cures'deaftiefleand noife in the Ears’ 
ifich othemyandhelpeth the Scurfyneffe of the head, arid the 

vf es be‘anointed therewich, it eafeth the paines ofthe 

and brings rett 5 5 yl bicrer Almonds wich vinegar of Ro‘es, and Rot Teves 
ho te ittothe Temples. Being bruifed:wich Hony they are good a 

| amaddog, The powder of the Almond Cakes after the Oy! 
from them, doth cleanfe the hands or skin in any place better then Sope. 
the Oy! be mixed with Hony, powder of Liquorice, Oyl of Roles and White wax 

and the eyes therewith anointed, it clear$'them and helps the dimnefs thereof, 

od a8 

152 » Adamin Eden, Or, 
a (Shh: Te - 
pe ease otey dome CHAP. :LXXXk eben oe A . hi ay : 
= NFR ase ° 

; ‘} . 5. eee au Ss be 4 <_y 
lett (a zs F Se Pee. 7. 
; ne 7 +. evei*t aye)" 44 tif £84 va 
pe ee eur, at PM it? Wiis tae ud we hs reawer ry 
PROI! “O > f je ines . 
sexe — 
~ a st. } 
7 | F 

‘" ee i. 
” ¥ a? tT 

A AN ohn So gia details aly ib-telatpltinsemeiaet aa arid iiaw?) bell 
eget He manured Vine is called in Greek aanmroe Gsvepopoe,'and #uep'¢ , ‘and? 

called »sivivOs5 and Oenanthe, thar'is, Vai flop 


STITCH we in 
a = age he ‘Acne et ack. . * 'Ts 
es) iy dozisie SHE COC Sere caret Yomiyy "Or tit5 19 
. ; % Q 3 ' 

= ee ‘3 ¥. sree Fe rrr, ee 
L one SHE ONS NEA DIR froth > Try SR Pe Tove Seb) Srrisdl crore: reg 
tae ts U2 ode Y rede Se ie &- 8 2. Th KG; 4 ‘ . . » 
be Reel ~~. ‘ ae é 18 , ra hae fen CF baw re ? 
‘ a 4 , ey “ fie +e £ a3 
aye 5 wy fits 2.6.8 ee 2 See f i (Leas Li 4 * 
—éthe 46 - | . ‘ ‘ . 

large recitall, buc: ftudying brevicy, I: fhall only mention five Sortss. with the. 
dhicken CSS, not becaulethere eselond forts of Grapes then Vines} but be 
caufe there be many Sorts of manured Vines, 1, The Masured Vine: 2. The Vine 

with chin cut Leaves, like Parfley, whichisatanured Vine; buerdiffereth from. 

{mal ; Grape of-Orleance, ig): The Grape: 
ae R nes. To which I add the: aceon hate Grapes and the Fait 

arape,. so Sp , : 5 
Fdiey cg et OS bos eel ; i922 Mey, Fil 
Soeipiy tomy The Forme. 

The manared Vine, in places where it hath Rood long, and thrived, hath2 
_— fiem, as big as ones Arm, fleeve and all, {preadding without end or mea- 
ure, if ic be fnffered, many flender weak branches, that mutt be fuftained from 
falling down, the young being red, and the old ofa dark colour,with a pith in the 
middle ; at thefundry joynts whereof, erow feverall large, broad, green Leavess 
cut into five Divifions, and dented alio about the edges, ar the joynts, likewife a- 
gain{t che Leaves come forth long twining 

: tendrells, clafping or winding abou 
whatfoever ic may take hold of: at the bottoms of the adits, cone forth clufters 

the Paradife of Plants. ss 153 

ot {mall greenifh, yellow Flowers ; andefter them Berries, thick {er together in 
bunches of ieverall forms, greatnefle,colomr,and taft : in fome, the cimters are 
clofe in others more open; fome round, others long,’and fome tending to a 
fquare : fome likewife are very fmall, as the Currah Grape ; others grear, and 
fomea mean between both: fome again are white, others black or blewifh, or 
red or particoloured: within which there are nfually one, two, or three kernels; 
for aft, ome {weet, fome fowre, forme mixt according to the Clymate wherein 
they grow. They that keep their Vinesin the bef manner, do keep them low, 
and cut them often, both W interand Summer: yet if they Be pruned later then 
February, they loofe their nourifhment with weeping ; but in Ofober and No- 
vember is the belt time, and being thus dreffed, they grow betrer, take up leffe 
room, bringing their Grapes, both fairer andiweeter; ee 

“This true, chat manured Vines are planted every where; bur chins is fiieiey, ae: : 
ference in what Soil and Climate they grow , for though the Vine that growech. 
in the Canary I{lands, is the fame with that ac Malaga and Sheris,yet the one fill 
excelleth the orher, in fweetneffe and ftrength. And though mani ‘Ofbitr Vide 
be of the fame kind with thofe in France, 1 Cor ie 


make {o good Wine as theirs, our Cour Tea 

of Wine made in Exgland, o} rc eMrs.Pits Garden at Harrow on 
the Hill. — But the 7 aght fitte(t for our Clymate .is the Parfley 
Vine which bears abunc to perfection. The Fox Grape, and the 
red and white Muicadine Grape‘fet againit the South, and well ordered, bear ftore 
of good fruit. They arenot ripe here, till September, but fooner in the hotrer 
Countries, The Rarfin of he Sun-Vine, groweth as I fu 

therefore they are called Uve Corizth:ace,and in the Ile of Lente The wild Vj 

od Vi 

wild forts are expreffedin their Titles, Thefe wild a ty ate ethene 
ther, and their fruit is ripe later; se ieee es bee g ey 

wees c3 » The Temperatures; 0. 

Se aa Qt aes &, 2 ie ee 
cool and mightily bind, An 


Many chings there are that proceed of Gra , befides what I haye mentioned. 
alzcady, as Adujt, Lora, Cute, Argel, Lees, Cc. which have their (everall ules: ae 
fomie of Which, I may chance to touch ; but my purpof is to thew yon, how pro- 
Lae yed Grapes or Raifins aré to help Coughs, hoar‘neffe of the Throat, fhort- 
. ; of wind, ier of flezme, caufing it ro be expectorared more eafily,and 
decodien tae s that offend che mouth ofthe fomach, 2 
pe being made of them, and Liquorice. Maiden-hair, Colts-foot,&c. They 
erve likewife, to open the floppings of the Liver, Spleen, and Bladder, and taken 
3 | xX by 



hrenfy, and Lechery, confumerh the 
ver, exceffive drinkine wine difho-, 

Deggereth thofe which orherwife might have had fufficient, 
ve been deftroyed with furfeiting therewith, then with theemell 
uice of the yreen leaves, branches, and tendrels of the Vine drus- 
'thofechat vomit or fpit blood for the bloody fix and womes 
it over much. The kernel within the Grapes boiled in wa- 
the fame effe, 0 OGLE AMELY Des “ee 

the Paradife of Plants. 15 

Bs 2 if Reeds, but efpecially of the Sugar 
s : , Cane or Reed. : ee 



Reed, called in Greek ggaezog and in Latine (4lamus, and Harundo, or 
Arundo as {ome write it, whereofthe Mas according to Theophrastus is 
the Waftos fartta, the {olid or ftuffed Reed ;and the Femina, the hollow. 

~ _ But I fuppofe the Sugar Reed was nor known to the Greek Writers ; for 
we find no name that it hath in Greek : the Latines havecalled it eArundo Sac- 
charina with this additament,Jndica;becaufe it was firft known ot came from Jn- 
dia. Offome itis called (alamus Saccharatus, in Englith Sugar-Cane. The 

Sugar chat is made of them 1s called Saccharum, Sacchar, Succharum, Mel Arun- 

dinaceum, & mel Canna , that is, Hony'of the Cane. The w i 

dryed or hardned in the Sun was called by the anci 

and Saccharum Indum, which was 

> ¥ cu hgmea 
see Pia 2Ok, 


bar wee tr 

i536. Adam inEden, Or, _ 

fhoors have been planted in England, but the coldneffe of the Climate quickly 
made anend ofthem, The two next in England,the fourth in Spain.The fifth in 
Begala, The fixth was found ina Sack full of Co/fws and Ginger, as it was 
brought from Arabia, The seventh was found by Bellom:ws in a Valley on 
Mount ethos, and in so sate Jordan ; and ofthis they make their wnting 

‘The Juyce ofithe Sugar Reed, made into Sugar,is-hot and moiftin the firft de. 

Sugar is good to make fmooth the foughneffe of the breaftand Lungs, .clearetia, 
the yoice and purreth away hoar{ne(s and the Cough ; andfo doth Sugar Candy.. 
It is conyenient for rhe Stomach, helpeth the roughnefle and drynefle of che 
mouth and throat, alfo thirft and drought in Feaverse,{pecially being mixed with’ 
_ waterand fo taken, and it is yery profitable for the Reins and Bladder. It is uled 

fuch like ; as al{o preferving,and conferying f 
Mulberries, 8c. and Flowers,as Ri I 

he freth leaves alfo, bruiled and applvedinné 
consort. Antone reece se Anes 
a with Vinegar egar,helpeth the fal ing off 
into th 

pathy inthe plants ; but becawe they 
her ; w there is (uch amity 

other purpofes : Nay thofe that grow im the /#- 
| = CHAP. 

ee the Paradife of Plants. 3 57 

Of the Fuynbe-T ree. 

‘The Names, 

He Tree ic {elf is called gi@uges.and Zi:Z.o0p 5 in Greek;Zizypha, and Zia- 
zipha, of C olumella: os abet aa hg? ign rt a na 
ot the Arabians; from whom the Apothecaries took it Jujube. and 
FE (odo Lobel and Pena, The Fruit or Plums, arenamed in Greek Citué, 
and Giga.» Which are the fame that Galen calls dfn, In Latine likewile Zii- 
pha and Serica. in Shops, Jujwbe; in Englith Jujube, .: 

; Sie ‘The Kindes. 

Alchough in former times, there were but 

we have three, 1, The greater fujmbe-Tree, 
wild Fujube-treee. a 

#5, 00 C s Pvelioww; a 
aT i be ke unto a i 

yin Africa Egypt, Arabia, and S 
oft TS ae : eo ime ‘f : a4 4 te i mY ~ a , 
-@nd Orchards of Italy, but of Provence in Fran 

ee ee 

not endure long in our Countrey, by reafon ofthe cold, The other likewife was 
brought into Jtaly, in thefe later times from Syria, where it is only to be feen, 
and but with a few that are lovers of rarities, The laft groweth wild in the Fields, 
by che Hedges, not far from Verona, abundantly, as Pena faith, They all fhoor . 
forth in April, at which time, the Seeds or Stones are to be fet and owen for in- 
creafe, They flowre im A4ay, and their frnitis ripeim September, the Leaves 
falling off fhortly after. : -s 

“The Temperature, 
se fi jnbes are temperate in heat and moyfture, | 
ee ae gee £ 

They open tlie Body, and See ege Choler, and cleanfé thé Blood, accor- 
ding to Altuarius, and Simeon Sethi, etpecially when they: are freth: yer ALatthi- 
olus following the Opinion of Avicen, denyeth that they have any purging qua- 
lityin them at all. Bur all Authours do agree, that they cool the heat and fharp- 
neife of the Blood ; and therefore hold them to be good in hor Agues, and to 
help'them that havea Cough, by bringing away tough fleeme, and are ver pro 
firab le.alfo for other Difeates of the Cheft and Lungs: as fhortneffe of breat , hot 

a . 1 5 

~~ purpofe, ufed to cleanfe the Reins and Bladder from Gravel, in making the paffa- 
oes : they alfo ftay Vomutings, procured by fharp homoiire BaF thes 

arehard lot digeftion, nourith very little, fle through the fo- 
ch, and: Ingredients , fitting for 



= ae 
4 © ceee Rae Ss REA = tana 

; Prin rain ee eee 
- PAE Ca Gate ie RA 

the Sebeften, or Affyrian 

us Fruit groweth, as called in Greek pafosin Latine Afyx0s 
a, and Myxaria for the Fruic.It is chonshe a5 Raellinv ich, 

dria led Sf, Sn nem rom whence te 

: * 
‘ 210 ‘a : F ae Pete ty gee fe By Se ge ee eee oat 4 
= . : BE Be ES eg OA ee Be EE 
- - sb ae 


erate ee = — The 


the Baradife of Bi lant. Risiie. i] 

SE RL mA ee 

The Forme, 
# i 74 # eis # 

The Sebe/ten-tree groweth Pd hat lower then the Plum-tree, covered with 
awhitifh Bark, the Branches are green, whereon grow rounder, thicker, and har- ; 
der Leaves, then thofe of the ordinary Plum-Tree : the biofioms are white, con - 
fitting ot five Leaves a peeres are | se together on a receipt atterwards. 

us in Boxes. - 52 

the firtt ce in Syria, adi is sik eee 8 in ea : 
from thence were brought into Italy, in Pliny his tim 
the Service Tree, and do now grow in many : 
fo. tender, not enduring the cold with 
ic to fpring, che Shell ofth i . 
“other as. Alpinus feemet 

weds Ss 

The. Temperature. 

Sebeffexs are temperately cold and moyft, and have a thick clammy fubitance. 

The Vertwes, san 

sey 2 are every efieStnall, to setae ormake fre the fheffe 

seite ot the Throat, which is caufed by fharp humours, which: 
Head, into the Wine-pipe, galling it, and fretting it, fo~ a 
mieans nfed to ftop them, and to prevent the Throat 4 . 
fun down vec and with great force, raking the P: th 
ty. Neither are Sebefte us good only for the Throat, but alfo do very 
oh, and wheciupne of the I sat and avoided: npon them, / 

: | DE avol 


he oe give 

has or fale fiesihe: they alfo drive tor 
judgement both of the Arabians and¢ 
fame manner, of rather more, -by re 
mask Prunes; yer more 
the decoction of chem, 5 of th 
effectually. "Fheyferve co.ceohan mpe 
therefore -are>-good in-hot > andr 
Meatthiolus faith, tharhe hath found paanied 
twelve at the moft, of the pulp of Se 
‘worketh as well, and to as oad: purpofe as 
kind of aie ime made of thefe pes by] 

60 ___ Adan in¥iden, Or, 


{ Of Scabious. fe 
The Names, 
T hath no Greek Name, unle(s it be, as fome chitik,that Herb which e4cins 
calleth Wea :but few dare venter to fay, it is che fame, becaufe there is no- . 
thing but the bare Name, without any Defcription extant inhim ; yet the 
Greek word fignifieth Seabses in Latine. It took che name of Scabiofa, either 
A foliornm (cabritie que prafertim priewo buic generi convenit, or rather, and that 
more ufually, guod Scabiei medesur, which it doth by Signature; for Crollias faith 
pret in furmmis caulimm capitulis florum calices promit compattil: (quams- 
marum ordine firuttos : ideo Scabiei medet wr, chat is, Ic brings forch cups ot Flow- 
ers, which ftand on the tops of the ftalks, like unto {Cales-or {cabs ; and this alfo 
may bea reafon, why it 1s called fo, The Name is applyed to divers Herbs, as ro 
che Jacea’s Stabe’s, and others ; bur there hath much difference been difcovered 
between them bythe modern Herbariffs, as in the Heads of Flowers, and alfo 
by the Leaves, if they be broken ; for the Leaves of Seabsous , being broken eafily, 
ere plainly perceivemany little Films in them, which Knapweed, or Ste 

The Sorts of Scabious are fo many, that they would take up much room to lit- 
tle purpofe;if I fhould but namethem all. I {hall therefore tec down a dozen of 
them,andmo more, 1, Common Scabious. _ 2. The {mall common Scabious. 
3.Middle Scabious, 4. Corn Scabious, 5. Purple flowredScabious. 5. Red 
Scabious of Amfrie, 7. Mountain Scabions. 8, Broad leafed Mountain Sca~ 

5 See 

bious. 9, Spanifh Scabjous. 10, Strange Scabious, i1.Sheeps Scabious. 12. Hair 
ee The Forme, 

Se plainly a : 

Leaves for a good fpace, | 
many fet together in a head, or knop Ourermolt whereof, are larger them 

Iwate > With many threds ao inthe middle, fomewhat flat at the top, 2S 
the Head with Seedis likewile : the Root is grea, white, anid thick, growimg 
down deep inte the id, and abidet ay Years, iF & ; 

— : eS 

‘MCverylow. The two next srow alfo in Gieasegtields, bansict Sano 
es , a tifally 

tifuilly as che former. The fourth groweth borh in the places where Cori is ftan-" 
ding and in chofe alfo that were formerly fowen, and now lie fallow, and in the 
borders of fiich like Fields, The fifth cameifrom Z#dia, and is common in our 
Gardens, The fixth from Azria, as the title fheweth. The feaventh and eighth, 
upon the Alps. The ninth, in Spain. Itisnot known whence the tenth came, 
and therefore it is called Seraage Seabieus.” » The two Jaft grow in dry, fandy, and 
heathy Grounds: the one of them being common, the other fomewhat rare. 
They all flowre in June and July ; and {ome abide flowring untill it be late in 
Axguft,and the Seed is ripe in the mean time, 


a The Temperature. rd bstoagn 
_ Scabions is hot and dry in the fecond Degree, opening, cleanfing, digefting: 

3fI ‘ ; Z tine 1 ii293 
> BRBK IT | } 

TARE, se Ae ee 

the clarified {pict Seater 

Giegeiiiiiig © 

e.or break 
om ey o of 


c 4. The Desostion ofthe He-b and 
| > O velings i ang pa 

parc of the Body; as F eckle: ‘ 


<2 ie ry" . Pad ort ve YTS. i 
= FP eye = Lowe peer = no}! atdesc & { P Gy 
* a) ft tt dee qusinoumg te ta htinaaties | SCH AP : 
a tae ; af 




ibe, 72 Adam in¥ den, Or, 
cin > bs HAD y LXRXVI, 
pons vox0. Of Coleworts, 

‘The Names, 

He Greeks call ic xedutn , & Attice meauGn , or meduban, fo callédas 

i ex 2 a a : 
_. The Kindes, : 
} 3 : Sissi ~ 2 Bh whe a | * % . y , 


_” Many are the fores hereof, J fhall fet down fixteen. 1. Garden Colewen. a. 
CurledGarden Cole. 3. Red Colewort. 4, White Cat See Saeoxtg fe 

_ 6. Open Cabbage. 7. Double Colewort.8. Double Crifped Colewort. 9. Cole 
Flonie,, ro. Swollen Colewort, 11. Savoy Gole.12. Curled.Savoy Colest 3. 
Batley Golewort. 14, Fine cur Colewort, 15.Englifh Sea Colewor,16,; Wild 

cao ee SetRR oy Bet 

wah iit “his thee 

the Paradife of Plants. — Bt ; ie ! 


heer the brink of the Sea, and inmany places neer ' Colchefter, It is fowenin 
the Spring, as in ALarch, April sand oftentimes in A4ay,.and {ometimes in Augu/t 
but the elpécial cime, is about. the beginning, of September, and thofethiatare 
then fown, are fittelt,co be tranfplantedin Marchor e/AAprit following: sthar fo 
having the benefit of the Summer for their tull-growth, theymay be gathered to 
eat,in the Winter or Autumn atter. the,froft hath.a. little bit them,But the Sa 
Coleand the Cole-fory (which 4s, commonly, called Collyflower) mnft be fowed 
in Aprilinabed of hot Horfedung, and covered with Mats or Straw,to z 
from che cold frofty mornings ; for if you tarry for warmer weather,the year will ; 
be {pent before it come: to ripenefie ; z-ie-fhromid alfo be removed when it 

hath gotten fix leaves, or thereabouts, 


" Allthe epicacs have a drying . bifiding faculty deck acertain nitrous or ~ 
fale quality whereby it mightily” eanféch eitherin the Juyce or broth thereof, 
The whole fubftance or body of the Coleworrt, is of a binding and d rying Teas 
becaue it leaveth in the decoction his Sale-qualicy,which lyeth in the uyce and 
watery part thereot:it yeildech ro the body {mall nourifhment snd dod 
ecg Blond tye pnt aa a , a 

be nits h ony and drunk, jecovdieae 
the leaves themfelves help thofe that areen-— 

into a Confumption, if they ufe to eatrhem well boyled, and often, The 

ae of the middle ribs of f Coleworts, boyledin Almond-milk, and made up 

into an Eleétuary with hony, is very profitably ufed, by thofe that are fhortwind- 

ed, and purify ifthey oftentakethereof, — Being boyled twice, and an old cock 
boyled in che broth and drunk 1t helpeth the pains and obftructions of rhe Live 

and Spleen, and the ftone inthe: Kidnies, - The‘juyce boyled with’ honey, and 
dropped into the Corner of the Eye, cleareth the fight by confuming any filme 

or cloud beginning to dimme it ; st alfo. confumeth the Canker erowing there- 

in. They are much commended being eaten before meat to. keep one one from {ur- 3 
feiting, as alfo from being drunk with too mich Wine, or quickly make a man{o.. =~ 
ber tharis drunk before.» peng brady boyled in broth and ‘eaten, theyopen 
the body, bur the fecond decoction bindeth, ‘The juyce thereof drunk in wine © 
helpethrthofe that are bitten” byan Adder ; and the decoétion of the flowers 
bringeth down Womens Courfes,: The decoétion i alban . 2 
pain and ach, and  allayeththe twellings of fivolnjand gowry I . 
wherein many groffe and watery humours are fall , : 
therewith warm : Ir helpech alfo old'and filthy fo sing bathe rewith, and 
healethall {mall fcabs, puthes and el ha bre our i cesta. The afhes 

of Colewort ftalks mixed with old Hogs Gre is y anoint the 
fides of thofe that have had Jong paines therein, of: 
_ Melaincholly and windy humonrs, helping michti 
ed that the old Romans having expelled Ph: 
Eee — preferve their health,and by a 

Ying it for their only medicine in every difeafe & Rua 

in dee Pook conce: ning it.The b. ottios a aires 

‘o bind thet ) verses Galew think nein 
as he faith, pi toacti varietht Hor 1 : Temiper 


164 Talon deni Or, | 

fr in ation, and {othis cleanieth and digeveth more fe powerfully ery 
snap they are youngalthoueh bitter, being boyled Gi Lye. 
tae Diofcoridess bue-infair water is ‘mort uluall ass us in thele daies) —_ eaten 
other Coleworts are by-divers poor peopléncer thé Sea, r yling taking a- 
pe of the bce aastie sepeys heteot bruiled and drunk killéth 
worms, the leaves orche Juyce of them applyed to fortes or ulcers cleanleth and 
_ ihealeth them, on rain a aeehioen iwellingsand taketh away the Inflam- 
cesar: 36 1 2 

ss . ae ‘ » : i £ 
on - 4 docs tied re . . 4 4 
. 2 P oe ene =p mm : 
= , <7 7 Tt T . : 
f : lot we ov Ee ee ‘ 
: ae 4 aT 
. Auta“ Ot tears ra 
owen P29 SW y 
~ ha : 5 
WATS A LADO ~ Py Sts Ee teres 
s f oak el Se ve 
oe Sr = re 
eo bet ase ti aa A 
bs Sn 3 “h S93 125 
: eit 8 DF = nf SR erees 6 7) SP é ae 
Lh . 

“ds Floste 2 " 3 
Tis called i in wait Aisois cbealiphdies Tadlu jaeleiacdtionads jeveinida oft 

by reafon of i its offending them them that touch i it, and xtidy tec 

et punget;a verbo, xviCer quod vellicare & pungere fignificat beste flings, 
; In Latine Ustica ee uren 

do, quod pruritum puftulalq; igni fimilesextitas - ; be- 
meant chat are safe by burnins with fire, 

”’ ty: Ws - ¥ 
baie wR EES a - 

= OF ie Rete: that’ are’ ftin 54 g, Of. Which alone. i hall j intreat in this 
ater there are fourforts; 1,:The Roman Nettle. 2: The *greitet wld Net- 
aca SRE ee Ars “age hy oes 

. Ai nt 
Forma 203 at ee 53 8) 

oynts orcen hens 
ce thereon, 

| eit and {mall Ei | 
ye ae 

. hanes te 
ot Ree Ken, ii 
. 195 

the ParadifeofPlants. —— 165 
Filins Cafar landed with his Souldiers and abode there 2 cettain time : which 
very probably was by them called Romania, and corruptibly therefrom R 
or Romney , and for thé growing of it in that plate, it is reported that the fouldi- 
ers brought jome of the feed with them dnd towed it there, for their‘nteto tub 
and chafe theit Limbs: when through extream cold they thoutd be ftiffe and be- 
nummed : being told before they: came from home, rhat the climate ot Britain 
was {0 extream “cold, that it was norto be endured, wirhour forme triction and 
Fibbing to warm their blood, and to ftir up marural! heat : fince which time it is’ 
thought i it hath continued there,rifing yearly ofits own towing, It groweth 
a\{o in the ftreets of Bardzey in L » the other three forts grow in waft 
grounds, by hedges and Wall fides, and 1 many other whtilted: places s yet they: 
will be alfo found i in moft Gatdens, where if they be fuffeted’ or neolesed bac: ry 
white, it will be hard to ridthem out again, They flowet and feedin the end. 
of Summer ; and the leffer ‘is fo plentiful; ¢ that it will feédand fhed, and fpfing, 
and feed again, gare ripe feed twice in one year, ifit be tec grow, | 

The Te emoperatire, 

Alrhough Nettles do ‘hurt and fling while they 4 
the hair or rough down meee feat a and might be the 
exulcerating, - e1nle O ppl 

0 be hot oe : 

a roots OF Tea es of nettles boyled or the Juyce of either of pre ot boty 
aay into an electuary, with hony or Sugar is fate and ture medicine, co‘6pen the 

Pipes. and Paflages of che Lungs, which is the caufe of ot wheeling and fhortnefle 
of breath, and helperh to rate tough | flegme, % as allo to raife the Impo- _ 
ftumated Plurifie and fpetad it by fpitting : the fame helpeth the {welling ofthe 
Almonds of the Throat, the Mouth and? Throassbeing gargled therewith, The 
juyce is alfo effectual rofettle the Palate of the mouth inits place, andro heal 
and temper the inflammations and foreneffe of the Mouth and Throat. The de- 
coétion of che leaves in wihe being drimk; is ar good to provoke Womens 
Courtes, and fettle che fuffocation or (trangling of the Muther, and all other di- 
feafes thereof, as alfo. applyed outwardly. with alittle Myrrh. The famealfo 
or the feed srovoketh Urine, nd tesa the Grajel or Stone in the Reins or 

- them therewith, or applying the green herb bruifed thereunto, yea though the ° 
fleth were feparated trom the bones. ‘The {ame applyed to wearied members 
refrefh them, or to places thar haye, been out of joyht being firft fet again, 
firengthning, drying, and comforting them, as alfo thole places that are croubled” 
with Aches and Gouts, and the defluxions of humours upon the joynts or Si- 
news, it eafeth the paines, anddryeth or diffolyeth the detuxions, An oint._ 
ment made of the juyce, oyland a little wax,is fingular good to rub coldbenum- 
med Members, co bring them to their proper activicy again, An handful ofthe - 
soto Nettles, and another of Wallwort or Danewort, bruifed and ap. 
lyed fimply of themielvs to the Gont, Sciatica, or Joynt-Aches in any part harh 
ers found to bean admirable help thereunto, It is faidthat if green Nettles. 
be put inco the Urine of a fick body, it ir be freth and gréen afcet ir harh lyen four 
and twenty hours therein, the party fhall recover of that fickneffe, but ifit do nots 
abide green, it fignifiech death or danger. It is faid, likewife that if the Juyce of 
the roots of Nettles, be mixed with Ale or Beeryand given to one that is tufpe- 
&ed to have loft her maidenhead, if it remain with her fhe is a maid, orherwite 
not. . If you give Hens fome dry Nettles broken {mal with their meat in Winter 
it will make them lay eggs all the Winter more plentitully, Ic isfaid alfo that 
ifthe herb be rubbed.on the privities of female beafis that will not fuffer the 
males to cover them ;it will caule them the more willingly to fuffer' them to do 
it... The oyl of Rofes, or Sallet Oyl boyled with the juyce, orthe ‘jnyce of the 
Leaves themfelves, is a prefent Remedy to take away the flinging of Nettles :To 
all the purpofes aforefaid, the Roman Nettle is held the moft eftectual-yet where — 

= it cannot be had, the others are in a degree next it, as effectual. Nettle tops are 

- ually boyled in Pottage int ime; to confume the Phlegmatick supers 

: Bee mere ocr, Winter, hack 

: b ofa & : 
P ¢ : ne: ey ‘~e3) Aas A 
‘ . . Pu reer ars +5 ae eT 3 
; : ss eke ie "eee A 
: ae i . y & Tir} wa _ firhe aay in 
Ths Tey SLT Gt) Herrera 
: } Y é. PEER oth i } 
aT Shs he Lt Ba F ong ee : = Pi 
as, . “4 Pthpe Seed st out Y Téh-< 
iw eet he Fire: Oe tthe Oy pee ba 
. E, - Z 3 + 

. which is commonly ufed in thops andevery where elle, The L: Jota 

round roots globe fathion 
Turnep. 2. The little round 

pes. The ilk divided Ella Windy Srcehes rarer 


ae senee mem Nm me tha se = 

ing at the top fmall flowers ofa ‘yellow colour, and fometimes of a light purple 

which being g put, theredo fi ucceed long Cods full of fmall blackith feed like 
Rape feed, ” The root is round ikea bow le’ and fometimes a little Aretched out 
jn length, growing very fhallow in the g ground, and oftentimes fhewinge it felt 
above the Surface wis the Fach P ‘ i are 

Ty ag Slaves Ana Time 

The Turnep profpereth well ina ‘eight loofe and fat earth, and fo loofe as Peo 

trus Cre{ceutius {heweth: thaci It ‘may be turned almoft into dug, ac h am di- 
vers Pe tire: ‘rdensin moft places of England, The « orher forts wae oye con - 
mofi as the firit, yet thole that are ever awhit delighted with rarities of chiS'‘fa 
tire, have them growing in their Gardens, It is not convenient that thelgrount 
where they are to be fowen be digged fo deep as for other, sing oe ith De, 5 ie 
Gardner would do well to tread the ctound before he fow them,..for, then will 
they head che better. They may be fowni in any Moneth from Afarch-to Offs-., 
ber, but they are commonly {own in’ aie and fay, as alfo in the end of eAx=!; 

ft. They fower and feed the fecond year after they ; are fown ; 5 Locale sas: 
dower thedame year chat they are fown, are a a kind 

elacinete of the brain fora f ag erefore are | u. ; 

oi3 SRS > sdvine 
a ere 
rol 4 Peng 

Tu'nep,& hath 
ca ven the name to the ge whilftiel is Fae {0 itis Rape eaten efpecially 

rpeople in Wales, is windy and ingendreth cold and g grofle blood, but 
oyled i it cooleth leffe, yea fo lictle a as that i it , ampor| be RSIS OM cool 
at ie, yet it i$ moift and® windy* “© 

The li Sener, 


asain : it DO! e ind a pesmi 
te allay ce erent bet and 

aaa is moft moift and fooner .defcendeth, 

ng ee ofthe singe 
availeth not alittle how hey | be prepated,:. for ose in water alone or - 

= “the Paradite Sof iis. HP by 

thers have th athe to be Seni 
Hele! ? sceived b oni becaule divers Na- 
x form, GF likenelle of the Leaf: yet_it. 
; Kno oe 2 rorides,or any of the an-_ 

" eh meba,by molt Writers,. 
nk, th ty Commendations of it. It is. 
viol orhers, Stellaria, from the form of, 
he'¢ re aredi vers orhers Herbs 
t and Pata 
Lawiss > others Call it mien 

nicle, Cordw#s eailerh it Drofer, Drofiue m8 Pads from the pak Sine 

naw,becaule the hollowifh Leaf willcontaimthe Drops of Dew. Wein Englith, 

call it our Ladies Mantle, from the Saree of the Leaf, and ge Sai, y 
and of ‘fome, Li es Paw. es a ti oct 

on long eft beihy almof 

12 ¢ 
Bs Pith 

Into Sfisa begat: | btts asad nov: clis Hie 1othyy thw ‘parka 

0 stoleisinw ni hslve ae vt worl sinif s tom 179! ao 
+ . 
-o| sor ybed eda aietear | sbraptob tatoo! bas fliomr:torn 2.2 


3 9913.5 

gett oy and he 


~ the Paradife of Plants. 

rite 4 
Tg (45 
ee f 

The Temperature; 

Ladies Mantle is hot and dry th the fecondDegree; as fome think, in the third, 
being very aitringent, binding and drying. 

The Vereues; 


be made more fit ad able to retain the Con and 
if they do alfo fic fomertimes as in a Bath,tn the decoction 

accounted one of the molt fingular Wound- thar is, and is therefOre extol- 
ied withexceeding great prayle;and they never drefle any wound,either inward or 
outward, ‘but ap of the decoction hereof to drink; and either wafh the 
wound with the {aid decoction, or dip Tents thereif, and put chem thereintoy 
which wonderfully dryeth up all the humidicy of.che Sores, or of the humours 
flowing thereunto, yea although chey be fiftulous ahd hollow, and abareth alfo, 
{ach Inflammasions ag often happen unto Sores ;. but for treth or green wounds, 

duce their Bodies to {0 good and conformab 

therein, but confolidaceth che lips ofthe Wound, abt fnfecing any corruption te 
pebaite bend rye lsands eos eure sae 
catenin’ saimalaiatians ste, me Se mete a ae eee ee eee’ a 



‘Hibe Ganey which det 

120 Adam in Eden,.07, 

. The Kinds, 

There are three Sorts of Sanders. 1. Sassalum album, or white Sancers. 2.S4e-_ 
talum rubrum, or red Sanders, 3. Santalum citrinum vel flavum : Yellow San- 
ders, : Sa 

The Forme, 

The Sanders-Tret groweth to be as big as che WaMxut-tree, having frefh areen 
Leaves; like unto the Afaffick-tree, and darkifh blew Flowers, the Fruit being 
like unto Cherries, for the fize, but withour. any tafty black. when.they are ripe; ' 
and quickly falling away: the wood it feltis wirhont fent, as it is faid, whileitit is 
living, and trefh; and {melleth {weet, only when it is dry; the white and che yel- 
low Woods; are fo hard to be diftinguifhed betore that time,as it is faid,rhat none 
but thofe Jndians which ufually fell chofe Trees, do know their difference betore 
hand,and can tell which will prove better then others: the chiefeti part and {mel- 
ling fweere(t, being the heart of the Wood; and. asthe Trees do grow in feverall 
places, fo are their goodneffe, being more er leffe plentifull inthe fubfance of 
the heare; forthereafteraretheyaccoumted. 94... 7 



The Places and Time. 

“The white and yellow Sauders grow naturally, and that in great abundance, in 
calle andalioin the Eaft Indies, beyond che River Saxges, -of 

ather Ganges, which the Indians call Hanga; and al{o about F2va,where it is of 
better odour, thet any cha roveth el@siete The red Saiders groweth ithe 
in the River Ganges,eipecially about Tawafarin,andin the Marith Ground about 
sof haramandel, and in moft parcs-of Brajil; whete theBrafl Wood alfo growerh, 
which is fomewhat like it ; bur they may be eafily known afunder,:becaule Sana 
ders is neither {weet in taft, nor givech any Dye,as the Bra/il doth,befides Sanders 
‘in heavyer then it, and will finkin water, Thefe Trees -grow green, Winter and 
Summer, and the Indians are feign to mark them, that they may diftinouith themy 
when their Mart commeth ; for they arenot eafily known one from another, by 
She fight of the vulgar, A | 

i a lain tag 

ae emer he =e ag iia a in «© e 
hi aenimeaalll ae Sey corm 

The Temperatnre, 

Se ee eae 

They are cold and dry in the fecond or thitd Degree: fome fi th are hor; 
the red 1s more cooling and binding. The jlosate beft,che nent ake white; 

ee Oo bets oo 


the red is leat of ufe. 

PASE er Stee Sore new, ris 4 a , and to. cool hot Inflam- 
eT and temper the heat: bur in Co! 
yellow are moft effectuall and comfortable, bY 

-feafon of their {weerneffe, helping faintings of the heart 2 itation 
_" ae S ar : eatt and palpitation, or beat- 
3 ne << | eof: as alfo weakand fainc ftomacks, which come aa hear, divert 

@Melancholy, and procuring mirth andalacrity. They open t Obfiruction” 

eS > «hae ee 
. - 

the Paradife of Plants. a2 || 
” of the Livet, and cool the heat thereof, and eafe the pain of the Head. They are 
ufed to ftay, and bind the fpermaticall Flux in Men or Women ; for which pur 
pole, either the Powder caken in a reare Egg, or mixed wich other things for che 
fe, or fteeped in red Wine, and kept inan hor Badneo,or in hot Embets ciole 
all Night, and {trained forth, and drunk in the morning and evening.both 

ftay the Gonorrhea, or running of the Reins in Men, and che whites in Women, 
They are good in hot burning Difeafes, as in Feavers, Inflammations of the Li- 
a fae her ot tetas 
ter, again{t hot burning Agues, and the overflowing o ourles, Erifpelas the 
Gout, and all Inflammiations, for which it is very effectuall, efpecially ** it be 
mixed with the juyce of Night-fhade, Houfleek,or Purflane; “They are pitt in’ 
Collifes, Jellies, Sauces, Pies, &c. both,becanfe they are good to firenethen atid 
revive the Spirits; and alfo for the pleafing red colour, which they give ro them, 
eee id Kheums, pains of the Head againit Vo- 
miting, andin Epithems, and fomentations againft the intemperate heat of the — 
i el with Rofe-water to she Terapia give eafe to the 

‘ 4 
. ae idtute oe See 
‘ «She i mis se eee ae | t Ev RS 2 IRS EE ‘is 5 ee ae ee | 
- e e ce | — a ea a aan 

“er _ : é er ae Pap BS aie eslipihelin 
~~ . ct) =r ey “ . SiS cath Sai ee SA A ee ee ee ae 
= ~ . . . A + + oe = 3 ¢ M 
i - SRS ies * oo ~ . 4h « « 

i : ry 

hatch them into.che ground with a rake ftticken chick upon them : then ftrew 
new Horie dung thinty upon the gronnd,to defend the feeds from the Froft : 
Thefe wall ripen about Bartholomewrtide. ‘Then refpectine the Moon as betore, 
fow again in A4ay; and thefe feeds will be ripe foomer, then thot that were fown 
in F pin Thele {eeds will alfo‘come up well being felf fown, only break 
up the ground abouc.chem when they begin to ripen, “The time of its flowring 
doth continue fouror five months; fo that at one time a man may find both the 
flower tender, and the feed neer to its'full growch’as in Fennel and the like. That 
ground which you would fow in February, breake up about Michaelmaffe: ler it 
lie and crumbleallthe Winter, then when yon mean to fowe, ftir it up again, 
that it may be mellow; forthe mellowet the better. A black rich mellow eround 
is beft, and chey like well ina rich danged ground, as hath been proved. 

The “Temperate,” 

~ Gales hath erredveryrnuch in relati ng the Temperature of Apnile-Seed, fay- 
ing, that # is hocanddry inthe third’ egtee, and barning withall, by reafon of 

the fharpneffe and bitternefle ; when as% is well known, it hath no fuch acri- | 

mony : the fweetneffe fo tempering the fharpneffe, that it dorh not exceed the 

fecond degree in heat, and the tirft in drynefle. Bur the Chymicall Oy! drawn 
from the Seed, exceedethr much thofe degrees, the {pirits being contraéted, mut 
needes be more fierce. 

_ The Ver sues. 
Another indifpofition of the Paps, is want of milk, in thofe that are Nurleg 
‘ 1 Seeds of.Ainn { 

f =aves.ot See fe, or (for deteét thereof) 
of Fennel (as hath been faid before}in rhe handiing of 
cafion) being boyled in Barley water, and drunk, neit 

ropfe that commeth there- 
by. ‘The fame ftayeth the Hickop, andvhélpeth divefti pie tha meth ther 

on, It ftirreth up bodils 
luft, and boyled in Wine, ir is good again’ all poyfon,and biting of all nigel ; 
Bealts. “Tt axails in Childrensthat have the Fallitig Sickneffe, being taken, and is 
bu rectuall ng, wind in any part of the bo- 
»be tin the Head, Stomach, Mother, and to provoke Urine 
fleep, to tf yitaken in broth or wine,chree 
eis 8M a ne aa the sai the ftrairnefie a 
ans an; the:-B € crudities and belchines therein, che 
much delire to.calts het’ as alfo all ‘other griefs and pains 
inwardly, that rife o i 

2 aan eine. 


alii mt Paradife of Pla anti. % ~ 489) 

fay, that he chat holdech a Piant of Annie in his hand,fhall noc be troubled w ich 
the Falling Sicknefle; bur yee rhis may.feem too eafie to help fo grievous a 
Dileate, yet the quinteffence, as is {aid before, is moit effectual, which is made 

after this manner, Infufe che Seed bruifed a little in the Spir it of Wine, for tour . 

and twenty houres, let ic tiand as long in an hor Balneo, agi A Tet it be prefled 
forth, and diftilied, or vapouredgently in Glafle; the Refidue in the bottom, 
when i it is come to the thicknefie of Honey , keep or your ufé, And here T° 

might be injurious to the publick, if I fhould oiit that notable fecrer concet-” 

ning Bees, tor the multiplying 3 and keep ing whereot, the planting of Annife near 
them, is proved the beft means : a3 alio tor their breeding of great ftore of Ho 
ney. For firft, it yieldeth an innumerable company of (mall Flowers which carry: 
aicent fo pleafant, and gratefull ro themsthar they choofe rather to feed upon it, 
then any Plane whatioever, befides the excellent weetning Ferment, by which 
the Dew is converted into’a thicker {ubffance and-weet, many degrees paffing 
bare Dewy which in srdelfhath a fweet Sacharinte falt, to which chey greedily re-, 
fort and fuck, and of itJoad themfelves,, Buc the main excellency is the long du- 
ration of its flowring time, fo that it wilkaffordthem a jupply, the greateit part. 

of cheir gathering rime = whereas: loflom(atia peculiartime, and thar of 
{mall continuance. The Herb 1, and che intide of bg is sag alla 
slanebcrruval being rubbed -wiil fo much del hat. 
when they r le ar ich will 

threetimes a year, they will = em, atad re apa 
But in cafe, that upon themegleét any: be fivarve nd fecled unt 

Tree, the fault may be amended, by rubbing aqnemore ive re had 

nife, and holding it on the top ofa Pole tothe Bees , they will be allured by the 
fiveet {cent of the Annife, ro enrertheteinto.oftheit own accords, A Baronin 
Auftria{o thrived by this fecret , that he furnifhed many oenties Bye poh 
epsabeprgenter st: tncreafest his AWeditivat ; id Revenue, 

eee es 2: fe 

a3 * 
eee oe s hn dl 
& res 163 ES NE yer 

ot ee = 


i ee Adam in Eden, Or, “7 

_ The Kindes, 

ySortsof W} ila, wwelve whereof Ihave bitciawas t te 

rete mse Ad Ser iaat Nigella. 3. Damask Nigella.q.Double - 

we eos 5: ela pemask Niet tla. 6 6. Field Nigel la. 7.Nigelia of Can. 
dy, without {cent in the Seed, 8, Nigella, with broad Leaves, and {Weer 
- fmelling Seed.g. Anotherlweet CandyNige Ila.10.A fweet De a of Candy,with 
double formed Seeds.1 1, Single white Nizella, with ycllowilh Seed, 12 Caries 

Nils whofe defcription followeth, 

The Five: 

op ¢ being 
divided rg Socbebe ig an tree of many fine {mall 
Leaves : The Flowers being faded, = come up final knops or heads, having at 
the end thereof, five or fix litcle fharp horns or poyntels,. eeemeparep or head 
is divided into feverall {mall cells, or partitions, wherein the Seed is contained, 
which is of a blackith colour, fomewhart like unto Onyon-Seed ; bura ag 
Bes OF ofa fharp taft, and a fweet rong ferours : the Roo is fall, threddy, and 

; orig Bb Soe a oe ae es as ex as , 

Saks Gok Edi tors with cheat widehitmcllocenmess, are fowen in Gate 

dens, as well in England, as in Italy, and elfe-where, The other Sorts grow wild — 
in the Corn-fields of Italy, Candy, Germany, &c. Where they are once sara 
the Seed {uffered to fhed, there will be no need of fowing them again, for they — 
will fowe themfelves ; but for thofe chat will bring any of then incotheir Gal= 
dens, the Seed mutt be fowen eat irae ages 
SE . 

| The Temperature, 
Fim ed RS Garden WEEMS RA Mad es he hind Degree, andofii : 

parts. The fweer {fmelling Seeds are moft effectuall, the other thar do nor {melh 
well, a ama aren felfca appa ho. lode 

and pexting, Te Me 
‘Wom ig pio he Nee ihe ormwood. ‘Being dr ryed, 
mi essen cx Salons guledinsedhadeo te Hea cc 

the Paradile of Plants. Ey 95 

Catacrhes, or Rheums, dryeth rhe brain,and reRtoreth rhe {melling, being lot, It 
ster away Freckles, Scurf, and hard Swellings, being mixed with Vinegar, and 

lyed. The fmoakcor fume thereof, driveth away venomous Creatures, atid 
ialieth Flyes; Bees, anid bas The fame mingled with the Oyl of Flowre da 
luce, axid laid t6 the fore-head; cureth the Head-ach, comming from cold, The 
Dole of the Seedis from halfadramtoadram; | 

Miiti iis 


= ° Of Kallowes 
The Names. Laid sige Peale | : 
Tis called if aGreck Madexm, and in 1 Latine Maloa, ei it tees the 
Belly, the Greek word commitig from rile which a ese fotteni; 

and oe ae oe r ed shay if eae. 
- ens i ca -< 5 alum. suits S37 . eat 
Soineetialet to ot called Malle i in Felith, quae ghee BF, os the 

fofeneffe of the Leaf, or from the foftening of che Belly and hard ' tumours, or 
_ peradventure from the Latine. ) 


nt ga eas ‘pee ane tt 

= Parkinfon aeeace (may forts of Malieses; H sling Sig pe 
more room then I can. nt to Piet cherh in, I fhall therefore: ree = 
follow,referving the Marfh Mallowes, and its kinds, for. artother Chaprer 
another occasion, 1. The common Mallow, with. purplith 
Purplith Mallow with white Flowers. FS ‘Small wild Mallow. 4, Single Gard 
Holtihocks. 5- Double Heer etl 6. Freach curled Mallowes, 7. Fine cut, o£ 
Yeves aids 8A ates» Mallow ale Malua as tes by Mr, fete, 


The Forme: 5 egiabie aad 2 iow 

Bit 3" fs reg 3 

~The common: Mallow ish well ‘Snir as allo the Moll:bocky,” ie thé oe 
fecignien of either of them is not {o neceflary, as that of the Vervain Mallow, be- 
ing leffe taken, notice off. The lower Leaves of it are fott and green, fomewhat 

like unto the wild: commios: Mallow Leaves, but lefler,: — more ; curin ¢ on ‘the 
edges, betides the denting ; - bur thofe that gr ! e 

vain; the Flowers eons oe purple onléut-thes thee - Ma = a 
te Tread anni Leaves,and laid fo 0 abic 


§ . $ et 2 Wi da ue ses ¢ 

- ; Sieg, ge Haale TEP BY ¢ sw 

1 aS ewshy 12 eee eee a eS 
jaan i a ‘e 

Bi ccviesd Soest moot serfs 


- fore mouth or throat +. If the feet bé/Hathed wc 

R6é ~~. Adamin Eden, Or, z 

The Places andTime, 

The firit is known to grow every where, but the fecond with white Flowers is 
more rate, etowing but in few places, as about Afbferd and other places in Kent, 
and at Thrapjtone in Northamptonfbire, &c, The thirdis found under Walls, and 
Hedges, in many places. The fourth, fifth, and fixth, are Inhabitants of (jardens, 
and jo is the feaventh, which is found in the Fields alfo about St. e4/bans, src. 
The laft was fhewed me by Mr, Ball in his Garden near Sion Houle, which came 
with fome orher Seeds from beyond the Seas. They Hower about Fuie and Fu/y, 

The Temperature. 

moyfinefle withall. The 
are to be preferred before 

make  S ad 

hofe Nurfes chaveare ic, being boyled and 

tered, as other hert eS | Somimio} ty, are or {bred inro their. portage ; but alfo 
iwageth t | JAPONICUS C : neCTT P DOY é app yed unto them Warme: as 
alo all other hard Tumors, Inflammations of Impoftums anc 

ums,and fivelling of Cods; * 
and other parts, and eafeth the Pd likes - 
the Liver and Spleen, being applyed ‘to the places, elpecially ifa Pultis be made, 
by adding fome Bean Pa Re or Oyle ot Roles to chem, The Leaves 
and Roots alfo boyled in witie, or Water, orin Broch, with parfley or Fennell 
difempers of the body . for byitsmoflilyin qu ’ 
cholerick, or other offénfive Humots : but 3 
comme by che Roppings oF 

cae ofthe Che 

livery, The-Leay irene norm na swith aliccle Honys 

taketh away £ Ampoftumarion of them, heLeaves tabbed: : auylolact fate 
we  aipes or the likestaketh awa pains recineffe &fivelling thereo! 
thin loci hmpal inset cae Renee ee 
Peek aanng Of ‘the haire;the Sc taffe; or Dry-Scabs, itt 

the head,, Ge ochet pares, it? chey be anointed therewith,or wathed withthe De 
coction:. he. fame alfo,is effectual againtt Scaldin or Burniitigs; and: to help 
wild-fire,, and all other het,red » anidpainfull five] mesinany part of the body. 
The Flowers boyledimwarerand aditele Hone added; isazodd Gargle for any 
; feer bé/h eDecoétion of the Leaves; 
Roots and Flowers,ic helpeth the flowing downof Rhume from the head which 
—— of theSromack: the green leaves beaten with Nit po 

6 . re and applyed, draw- 
“Suk thornes or pricks out of thefleth, The roots being wade a from 


theParadifeofPlants. == R94 
the earth and wafhed,and at the enda little cotched with a-knife, andthenrub-) 
bed hard upon the teeth, taketh a way fliminefle of them, and maketh them ve." 
ry, white... The Vervain-Mallow is thought ro be moiteffectuall for buttiings og - 
ruptures and the bloody flix, and alfo forthe fhrinking of the Sinewes and 
Cramp. The diliilled water hereof, being made when it is in flower, worketh 
the fame effects but more weakely, yet it is much commended in hot Agues, and 
Feavers, Pliny faith that whofoever fhall take a {poonefull of the juyce ot any of 
the Mallowes; fhall for that:day be free from all di'eafes, and it is etpéciall good 
for the Falling-Sicknefle; The Syrup alfoand Conferve- made of the flowers are’ 
very effectual to the fame difeafés and for Coftivenefle. The young ‘eaves may 
be eaten as a Sallet with Saltand Vineger, and fo the Nurfes may eat them. | 

BE AS as . 

‘ CHAP. XClv. 

fore it, and 

so Ty , 


Wild Dill 3.’Small Wild Dill. 



| 198 326, “Adam inEden, Or, 

it about the-time aforefaid, it being a wile Plant, and not willing to venter pai 
b oad, til che Winter be gore : It bringeth forthics Flowers in July, and Seeds 
11 Auguft, The feconc, asis taid, hach been tound in S:cilia, amd fo the laft likes 


ane The Temperatur 5 

Ger ard and Par kinfon diter aborr the Temperature and Vertues of this Plant; 
Gerard.taith, Dill (and he quoteth Galen toric) is her in che end of the fecond 
D. eree and. dryinthebeginning of thefame, or in the end of the trit Degree, 


Park nfow Jaith ic ishorinthe third degree, and dry in the fecond; buc when 
itisdryed, it ishotintherhird: whence he upon feeming fuppotition of 
Gatlens, concludes, and after him Mr. Pemel and Mr. (ulpepper: the two fir(t 
contradicting,and the other omiering the lactifick vercues, which norw ith{tanding. 

The Vertnes, 

do refide in this herb, 

Though the forementioned Authours dehy that Di// hath the Vertue of pro« 
curing Mikin the Breatis of Nurfes, yet Diofcorides , that Oracle of Herbarifs 
affirming it, J durft not follow them ; but fearching {ome other Authours, I tnd 
them to differ alfo, though they allow of its Jaétifick Vertue ; for Mr, Barrow in 

ie Ph Cry. gos tye 
which Parkinfon 

5 SES 2A n ach. of whar qua-. 

lity it be of,io ic ape) i. <n 
ed : into the Breafis, 
fe it feems this hach And though that it breedeth ere blood 
Boma hence irik proceeds, yet Appetite to other food rhat doch 
it,it may be faid rodo ir, f Milk. Now for its other vertues, 
expelleth wind, eafeth 

eth vomitingyand the Hickops's for which: 
y'ed in Worm-wood- Wine, of 
red Ro‘e Leaves, & the Romach. 



; + 

effectually. The Seed is of 
gréllith Condime 


Wine, or Beere, then tyedin 


the Paradife of Plants. — i2g 

vpnOf Rampions. ic fe 

wing Names, 

+ bees sty ii 

Ome call thefe Repincul:, ad Rapontia: bsiaer Didone, aind others call 
. therm Rapa. Ly ig tito seed Nene ‘they have but litcle ikeneffe at all 
a, thie e¢ mmicrestepiche Roothiyerthe name 

them,Campanulay ot the torm of che 
a 2 aah arr tee 

ie I : inch fen 
yreema kath, They a cpenipce: hg Pm 
se Gm com [ Mb-flomers.,.0.> zg Sitis> peut 7 

mene loslib radio. 10 laa. Bert hien 9 epatigtsd 40 Irae 

sivis gat 2 asal bas aetabrr9' qe vis¥ S38[q ot as f 
» Rampions ong Fox’ rr 3.Round Foxrail Rampions.4. Bulk 
neaded: Ramp Ons, .w ch arealfo of thice Sorts; ‘5s| Gandy Rampions; 6, The 
effer Steeple Belflowte.,.7 Wood. Rampions.28WoodRampions;’with oread 
Flowers. 9. Sufllen broad leafed Bell-fowre; 10. The leaft broad leafed Bell- 
flowre, 11, Wild field Bell-flowers, 12. Small wild Bell-flowers; 13, Flax leaf: 
ed Bell-flower. 14, Small yellow leafed | Bell-flower.i6, Ivy 
jeaféd Bell-Rower, 17. Rock Rampions, co which I thall add the Peach leafed 
Bell-flower, and the horned Rampions, 

I BE Forbf a, 

A dre accowated a lefer kind 
- i und d,pal Leayes,befo: ew at ie ian 
ma ro pointe pa pers aves,before it run up to Rialks,whicl 

presd ives = ——- thereon, cpeoeeiaicr te the top, where break forch fin- 
ry pale,Purp veils eiag tite oak NA ac oom the Flowers of Thr¢ : 
vrortsbut im alforfich like heads) With “iftall brownith 
therein =: ‘The Kom lon hi age entering asall 

reftofthe Plait 

on’) offe di rtrstlss Mor SSciveotis bres ator (2 wi t aod eB deeNg TE Rawk 
gomi.n stor rmody oll P he Placer 9 ) bet enpchaaaet 
. Ads ee | Woes on ages RAS. oe paid el) oft } sid ttt 27079 230 eed 
~ The firt groweth ithe de igs Garden in Ox xford, and divers Cine Gani 
The fecond, feaventh, elev and sivel ith grow a England, ; but a 
a rae ex netied, hic Peach: lade Bell-flowre, w 
esa i din Sfmymot honoured Fiend, 
eth fia, between Scbury : to mat in the way fo 
ne een ee cohen italy, 


60 jo Adewae Eden, Or; 3 

Germany, &c. They flowre ali che Summer long, fome abiding long and lafiin 
untill in eAmtumn cold dewes do take them away, others being fooner fj pent, 

The Tempreture, 
. 4 al % 

The Roots of thefe are of VOD Shruk lk ttiediee binding, yet 
{carce nd the firft Degree, 


a 7 VaR J. a i 
The Signature and Vere. 
26 baa LS anbt CF cs, Hat RAGS A be hw OTS 

Th Breil abd! Ledves: éf Rasp be ke as ti 
chien bing ¥ Signi fee 

fo vem perateyare avai 

which withon» controverfie; the they-do 

Sorrs:ofRampionsy:antortike ife fo 

any. greater Robes; therpthe rainy Or'Sallets, Rie cold 
with VinegarOyh and F BR tet oF | Oyl, and 
fome bla¢k or long 'P eae ey ate 
familiar to rhedton iF irring up {Fr rate 
quality, canfe a good dice né Rod z1 ome 
Meal of Lupines, cleanferh ck eae skin from {pots,marks, or other difcolourings. The 
diftilled water of the whole Plants;Roéc fo pga pertormeth the fame pe ms 

keth the place very piensa and clear. Sure thefe ufefy] Plants were nor 
to Mr, rs LOig di: 3 Jess ‘then to be Gutha 
y Omitted them, when =e 

have:yountakemoniae’ ofRameine choo ete tacher 7 
Hod bots 2! broid fissf sdT a - SIWOH-lISG bs sot DEO? topag: ; Swe 
teo! sit gf 220w0f-! log bliv {fsrr2 2 .2towdlh-flek bish Kites Ir Srv! 
asl oLi wob-lisd O9169! smiT, of- {ls@ wollte Ns: ie PT dK Abort Lis 
. rf —? 
bsinal dose? oft bbe fadh F Baie OF QHOIGMET MON. WOR = 552 BA 

‘antoiga:< A bemio o da bar seyvoR-lisd 


brini-asitel a bstancss OF P peje Uckle,, =< melt enoigine A oT 
arsvib dhivy bao;y< 2 gtr] BAe" Birt tStiz0 3117 to yeaamt mmoelt 
dirt 2t! serge nit. #316 ‘tse e375 sL nea slcg Gort 0 bet O19 
rth Piet SOW Torlw gor a3 Nemes: fos tit) 2 3] He. ie 

t? : a? Pel nig 
43 3 in ile iiog sy rt? Ort hy tS. SOL ile 

in Greek, beon feat: 

no! bres linet 


eda fo cl se rides inn bite: ieciis 
name of Vinca F 

Seats both i in Shops and elicarhen. Phin =} hic alio 
on more re properly belong, In Englith cee rants to Whom thofe name 

Peruinkle, and Peri defers 
> 18130 exsviby | Ti ye i MSO) Hsziy: mon 3 nit 33 112 fiiA srl 

I ved bai & HE ot & } CT bb Kou, ThE th eluers; = i fi ins ah ’ Px x: <} 4(T 
riz fé fi ys i lug erry. rr foil } geal rai yeeT sat ™ 5S | 38) tie lal» ivi ai] 
" Thezebe diversSortsor Kindsof Po Porewinckle, were Rowdies 

whereoffo be hers 
ees Seoerene aan “reat = Purple anddoube, afore of afait 

itt Ttmaws {ts SO tT vi les ‘aerate 
ee ess ete Ah ffi 2 > >) een J or ae v7 } Prats 

~~ re, : a 
tg Gaels oS SATO Sosa 1 Sit i 
— a” 


ee <waliornas Ate 

= the Paxaititeof Plants. ee 

aS = - rs ae one 5 

: r 
ign’) 7" , F) 
St BIg & hvd af on * - ; Ze ii 

The Panto, O13 3d 21 Li boobant 

The common Sort of Periwinck/e hath many Branches.trailing or runni ap. 
on-the: »-fhoormg out ~imal-Fibres-ae the Joynts, as it deharens 
thereby hold in the ground, and rooreth in divers places, At the Joynts of thefe 
branches, ftand two imall,dark, een fhining Leaves, {omewhat like Bay-leaves, 
bur fmaller, as Lfaid before ant vichich hen! comidalin the Flowers {one at a joynt 
ftanding upon a tender Foot-ftalk) being Sal long and hollow, parted at 
the brims, fometimes into four, fo leaves, of a pale blew colour, 
The Root is not much biggerebale Rit in the ground, and creeping 
wich his Branches far about, whereby it quickly poffeffeth a great compaffe, and 
is therefore moft ufually planted here it may have room to run up 
upon the fticks, which ‘ doth encompa _ bind over and sie wae is asap 

| etiinas Pon sate ty ne nif ei sous! debi) of 
; ges na,» Aa Agia as ate X sans al “signee 
to rtd The: “Places and Time’ bart.zt aris HM io 
‘el showin Ae Lio ba! iiss et? zt bol S heats is WO « bol 
schaemendSe north weit ide of$t Albans utider abe 
an fe etre the» ocho tn ralbakd,: 


The Temperature, 

1 Remiaouseig is Semen nto Hl within che Gesonsl Degree, and, likeyyife 
dhs bgt g dry and aftr PSF hes s355 1 sgsdds2. 2 2217991 Yove2 p oad bali g 
at: s@ INGD 10-39 go adeneI bbe 03 ehtims sd 308 fiw 2 doiiderd3,sou775.F 
chetcphy aaah una 20 eeved oe Feereeesy osu etosiw) at bliss et doy; 
ig <Ji0% torso. 2:13 Siusted , moy Svig Medi I moiigiisish siody 

Pethaps it it may y fem: very ftrarge to many, that I thould appropriate this 
tothe Brealts, for the breeding of Milk, when as the greater part of Herbar:/ts, 

afcribe no fuch Vertue to it, But towme ic isiiffici ient, “chac I have for my Prefi- 
dein ass Semnenes Nar anil Sp i gelins ee ee eg Aeaetoat Chap- 

ene ky > 4 ate yce sa 
Past gin ct 5 oes *hevy-pre 

pare vo sree tees or 

sich eat een 
pe h et bya 

ren pees 
ne Frese dO a stay 

eth the See of the Teeth, Itis mews a a the bic of Ada 
e infution thereof! in Vine- 

: tradition wich pang th 

on e______Adamin Eden,Or\ 

eer oR parts that we ided “Mr, Culpepper writeth, that Venus owns this Herb, 
and faith, That the Leaves eaten by Man and Witte together, canfe love, which is 
arare quality indeed it it be true, 

. wh % 
A ne 
2 ie —? 
eet ack Meese te 
ae fark ore 4 ars 
*—o" 3: oa 
and oh § 
ask ¢ 
ast ate} 
<< uf | { 
* Sigh gu 
ets ‘ 
3 a 
atin f 
Bs ary 2} 
te ha aes jig 
x : 5 pf baa « ‘Ty S Se : seem Se « | oy 
ryt oF d Sate 2 ‘ei i vdsio ites iat Misia ¢1f. Oy 
coe pnts . t ' = 
- = ’ mee ¥ fe 4 ra Ste | he te 
4 (Os OG SV sti Vat aay ai ge Names G9) ake § yi learies 3300892019999 «1 

a, daaq ei rts ‘tay > br Tk TVG Bic HHL. Shia TOD! na hs0b 3 riot wets qt re gis 

He Gar beac eigier mere Laft fee he thi 

uca fariva a latte: (ucci cepia,trom the plenty 

_ of Milk chat it hathpand cauferhsWhemthe eer ie 

led, or crompled, ena eryh peach Latwca cvif ; and of Columella 
paler alesis Capitata,and-Labinca efile: Pliny chic L 

sconic bape Lecacesialinctici Petrms Crefteneilart NeEice Reon: In 

Cased tienen: 2 Sent Lattice. ‘Cabbage Leccuct!Sofambard Lee Re 
~ Leteuce,to which it will noc be amiffe, to add Lambs Lettuce, or Corn Sallety 
which is called in Greek, asuxeng: i Latine Album Olusch Laftuca Aguind, 
“s Prt ane onoa Sorts are more gency 

i fst OF SY + IEYTSY [PS5! ° 
iy 7. bs 9d ei! iM 0 yuiboond Zi fig i 

ae tt inte: : 

_the Paradife of Plants. 134 /C%,. 


ao een fess sas 

The beft time of {owing them is in the Spring, prefently after the witteer ia a spt. 

yet they may be fowed all the Summer long. The Ponke Lettice RIE | 

rally inmany Corn Fields, and hath thence been brought into the Gardens of 

tho.e that know it, and its ufe. Ir is found green almoft Winter and Summer,and 

is eaten in Sallers, in Febrwery and Mareb, before the Garden Lettice can be 

The Temperature, 

Although thefe forts of Lettice do differ in form, one from another, 

= ey age OS 
temperature is the fame; which is cold atid moytt, in the fecond or thitd yeu} heir 

The Signature and Verpues, 

| “The Milky juyce which ifueth forth trom the wounded ftalkes and Leaves is a 
fufficienc Signature, that chis Herb, if it be earen boyled or sahaeontie guineas 

Dilea.. It procureth reft and fleep ; being taken raw or'boyled i 
loofen the belly, and the boyled more then de raw, sithich patil a 
eth it the better: and was generally fo ufed by the Ancients, Ic helpeth digeition 
that come. 

all ; fome 


i - Adam in¥den, Or, 

Of Fennell Gyant. 

The Names, 


which Gaza in his Tranilation of Theophrajtus calleth Ferula and Fers- 
~f@  fagoin Laine. The Greek name Signifiech Thyr[wm, Virgultum, Ba- 

: : T HeGrecians called the greater fort Negin§ and. the leaf rapes 

cillum, the ancients ufing the ftalks ot it, which grow tobe very firong — 

and Subflantiall, for props to hoid upthe weaker Sort ot Plants, and for ftaves 

for old-men to walk with. The Latine name is derived 4 feriendo becanfe the 

faid falks were ufed by School-mafters, for their Seeptra Padagogica and with — 
‘them did {mire the hands or heads of their Idle and truant Scho}lers, and there- — 

fore Martiall calleth them #7iftes ferdlas. This Herb growing in Cyrene of Afri- 
ca, nigh tothe Oracle of Fupiter Ammon, bringeth forth eC unatabach is there- 
tore called eAmmoniacum, as ome think: when it groweth in AZedia it bringeth 
forth Sagapenum ; and in-Syria,Galbanum,Of the wwo lal; I fhall treat elfe where: 
* bute of the firft, which groweth in Cyrene,] fhall principally take notice of, becaule 

: 5 . on, - The Kinaes, ; 
“OTe siho < z re 
“ nel Gyant. 1. Fine leafed Fennel Gyanr. 2, The — 
= _ The Form, : 8 fig 

doth quickly con 

ling any thing firong in our Country, as it doth in the hoiter Climates, 

"The moft riarurall places of the‘ Plants,are as I {aid before Cyrenein eAfrich 

‘Meds, and Syria, yeethey are al found growing, as well in Narbone oe 

_ Tong the Rocks chat are torrified with the Sun all day, as in divers places of It@- 
and Florece, and divers other places, but yieldeth little Gum in E#- 

. cd 
OE et 

| the Paradife of Plants. = 135 
rope, They are likewile growing in our Eng:ifh Gardens, as in the Phyfick Gar- 

den at Oxford, and that at VVeftmnfter, They flowre in June and July, and the 
Seed is ripe in the beginning, or end of e4aguft. | 7 


The Temperature, 
eAmmoniacum is hot in the fecond Degree, aad dry in the beginning of the 
fame : Or, as {ome fay, hot in the third Degree, and dry in the fecond, When it is 
applyed outwardly, it is of a cifiolving nature, 

The Vertues, 

‘Ie being generally firppofed,that Ammmoniacums proceedeth from theRoot sfchis 

Fennel Gyant ; and becaufe ir is held good to diffoive the tumonrs with which 
fometimes Womens Breails are affected, or brings them wo maturity, and ripens, 
being app!yed thereunto, and to decreafethe Milk, and keep it from curdling be- 
ing mixed with Vinegar, and applyed likewife, and therefore I have thus difpofed 
of it, Being taken inwardly, it purgeth thick flegme from the Head, Nerves,Sto- 
mach, Metentery, and alfo from the Joynts, It much preyailsin A/thmaes, 

is,in the fhortnetfe of rhe breath, and in Difeafes comming of legme. It isg 

in old pains of the Head, and againft floppings of the Liver: it p 
in Werke vine std ae iny kind of Gout,whether Sciatica,or Joynt 
Gout: as alfo in the Falling-Sickneffe. It killeth Worms, called Afcarides; and 
4s excellent againit the hardneffe of the Liver or Spleen. It bringeth away the dead 
Child. Being outwardly applyed, ic coniumes {pongious or proud flefh, it foft- 
neth Corns, andthe hard {wellings of the Joynts, which come by reafon of the 
Gout, and draweth forth Corns, Splintets, and the’ like, if it be diffolved wich 
Vinegar ; but itis more effectuall, ific be mixed with Honey,Birthwort,and Saf- 
fron. It confames Strumaes, or Swellings, called the Kings Evill,and ripenech all 
i  Impofiumes, being applyed on Wooll that is not greafie, Being mixed 

gk) oie eh c 
ee > > s ‘ a 
e4 AD? t : “ & 
SS ee O yang Tg pai 

_ kinds of ) 
with Honey, and applyed ro rhe Throat, it helpeth the Quinfie, and Swellingin — si 
- Meth Honey and app the Quinte, and Swelling 

= Of Gourds. 

The Names, 

He Gourd is called in Greek, KoaoxdySa ed\edhuos, Colocyntha Edulis vis 

diftinguifh it from the wild or bitter Gourd called Colocynthi or Colo 
quintida :\n Latine, Cucurbitat a concurwatus (as it is thought) guod 


» facile, fi quid obftiterit quo minus extendatur jincurve(cat becaufeit will 

grow crooked it there be any thing in its way, — 
| The Kinds, 

Of this kind of Gourds, Parkinfon reckoneth up feven forts, 1, The erearet 

bottle Gourd. 2. The lefler bottle Gourd, 3. The Lone Gourd. 4. The Buckler _ 

. or Simnell Courd. 5. Rugged Gourds, 6. Winter Gourds or Millions, — 

7» Round,Indian Gourds or Millions. 



whereunto the fafined, and fometimes withont any {mall head bei 

ng many great. rough and hairy arms, and branches with {-veral : 
leaves, OF and almoft round : yet pointed at the ends, Ripe 2. i 

dulous or sca el not ftanding forth or u ight : within which fru, lie ee 

a | many fe 
uppet end or head, and fomewhat poinred below . wherein lyeth a fweer white 

ground, but perifheth ufually wich the firh 
Eee ‘The Places aud Time, 

les where they come to ripneffe, the rinds of them are fomerimes of that 

» having fmooth hard wooddy fhells,flat and broad at the 
kernel, ‘the er ings fj i ithi : 
erne root confifieth of ee {preading much within the — 

‘The Gourds are cherithed in the Gardens of thee cold Reejone. ver the fruit 
cometh to perfectmaturity, for want of bees ay aaa a 

Mile, shat they are wledto put in Turpentine, Oyl, Honey ;and alfo serve 

the Paradife ofPlants. 137 
them for pailes to fetch warer in and many other the like ufes ; as in Egypts Syria 
&c. Manyoftheleffer of them are ufedto put Tobacco in, even here among({t 
Usin England. The beftwayis to plane them in April, in a bed of Horfedung; 
yet, fo ordered that that they may nor want moifture : for if either of thefe be 
wanting, they thrive nor ; but both of them concurring,they will flourith in June 
and July, and the frnic will be ripe in the end of e4uguft, but they are gathered 
toeat before the rinds grow to be wooddy. : 

foe 2 

The Temperatiire, 

All thefe forts of Gourds however different in form, yet areofone g ic 
that is, cold and moiftin the fecond degree, : : uals “Y 

es; The Vertue 

*Jfeither the juyce of the leaves or young branches of an of thofe ¢ de 
the diftilled water of them, be applyed hy cloaths and tensa 95 
Womens breafts pained with the abundance of milk, it ea; ‘eh ae oe, BEE 
_ inafreth Gourdall night, before it hath been c 
; are conyeniently. 

ate to aflwage thir? 
He Water,you may cake 
the upper head.ofthe Gourd, and having poh yi 

the middle thereof there 

ce To ag 
heal old 

Ba Tae lir > . oa 

sy ches eas 


186 BS ~ Adam in ¥den, Or, 
ly are more or lefle fit for meat or medicine, Citruls or TurkeyMillions are of elie the 

Jame the Gourd, and the feeds are ufed as Gourds, Millions, and es 
Ree to cool the heat, of tee fits of pAguess &c. 



vst SHOP Su Of Bafil. 

The Fam, 

ee this plant: to bed  DKELOY Ab @ axis guia. cite 
f Tae =dy fpr enear the feed, which is ulually within three 
it Staeaares time, for much ain turneth it intoagel- 
: airy ie Reartopitcan th ‘Oth ts Will have it derived from ie 
e{#, which fignifech to {mel or give a avour, andtobe writ, 8¢mer,Oxyrnm,of 
ze fwweer finell theteof, Ic is written by moft Latine Authours Ocimum not 
Fae the which fome will have’ to be he kind of grain called _ Fs opyrnm ot 
Fra ram, in see Buckwheat : others be a medly kind or corn pulie fowen 
‘tovether, I ed b dater Greek Writers, Bectainoy, Bafi ilicum, becaufe the me: 
Nit, 1S ‘a Kings houfe. _ It is called in Enslifh, 
¢ leffer Bafil eer and Buth oS ee 

re i. 
ae ie ae WF aPC ao 2 2S ey ag : hy * lochs 
= ge x, eee et 2 . i he te eo 
Cee ae 7 ter) 
i; = ees At -? » ee The es Se 
— : a 
erage. ¢ Petes Ee ea are 

i » Ball sith py oil bac wich one upright ane 
¢ forth. on all fides, whereo. whereon are {et two Leaver Tone r 
and : litele pointed, of a pale gre colour 
little a fttong heady {cent, for ae 
‘onas mat : 1 it, and therefore call i Cicracam ; = 
fimall anc 3 white nding cope of the branches, with ovo. 
ves. nt, infome places green, in others brown,after which 
theblack fe root perifheth at the firt apptoach of Winter Wer oo 
esandircbe fn erent yey them that eine SS 

Thele planes gla gabe otic hen 

Gardens | eh Us 20 alo in Iealy & other | a 
_ they are cherifhed, the natural beine not known: ai Indian and cutled : 
_ Bafil are {aid to come firft from thew Weft Indies into $ 7 ee 
her places. Moft of them do flower: i in the heat oP Saints Sad ue 

‘. them afterwards, eae Tn Se ee 

The Paradife of Plants. 139 

a" The Te emperature, | 

Bafil,as Galen faith, ishot in the fecond Degree, but it hath a fuperfluons 
moifture adjoyned with it, {o that he gueffeth it not fo ficto be taken inwardly 
but outwardly applyed ; he faith it is good to diget-or diftribuce,and to concoét, 

The Ve ertues, 

Notwithftanding the fuperfluons moifture of Bafil, the fame Galen faithalfo, 
that it being corrected with oyl and Vinegar it was caten by many in his'time, 
and thus it may be eaten by Women to dry up their milk: or ifupon tryabthey 
find any inconyeniency of taking ic this way, it may be applyed to the Breatis 

outwardly being firit bruifeda little, _ (hry/ippus with whom Mr.Culpeper feem- 
~ eth to take part railech down right againft this Royal Plant, yet it feemeth to me 
hie fealo rable to defend it, as Pliny doth ; their frivolons ob jections againtt ic 
being not worth the anfwering. Perhaps it may be hurtful to a weak brain,and 
caufe the headach by reafon of its ftrong favour, yet by thole whofe brains are 
ftronger, it is as much efteemed as any other {weet {melling herb, to fiveeten 

or petform any thing, and held as effectual to comfort ' the br 



BF i 


~ found it which made him ufe it fo much, but bei 
_ row com paffe, he caufed thofe-ychemen: and long { 



r40 Adam in Eden, Or, 

Of | Beanes. 
The Names. 

gmnd His kind of pulfeis called in Greek, Kdayor gand Fabain Latine:a wild 
~ kind whereof is called; Kvayos dyes in Greeks and Faba S ‘ylveffris,in 

. Latinetand is of fome thought to be the crue Phyficall bean of the ne 

: tients; whereupon they have named ir Faba Veterum,and allo Eaba 

© Gracorum, “Bue becaufe rei are different both in form and colour, the Greek 

Bean a and black, th wild bean goer and 
~ietacieok Desens * 


Sr wl e » 


‘The feverall torte of Beans are very numerous,. Se hall ee” : 
them in this place. 1. The Garden Bean, 2, The Field bean, 3. The «wild beat, 
4. The old Greekifh bean, 5. The Greek bean with dented leaves. © The old 
Creckith bean being moftPhyficall, I fhall g give you its defcription, the 


| So seiiem anoenhicie teats fat aks 
eslying orcumning onthe ground i6ix have se wichewori 
tl which branch Oucon every ie inco alls ofleav 
pnp pak 9 Dake = ace Detween them, like; 

218.38 peale and very black , john cogaa 
oe sc headers not ake egeyn 

. ae ufed by » them to. =e 
afon affirmeth alfo of wet third kind, bue 
that I have been,I never {aw 
have pees i inc ct 

pee Ramee 
Poy = 

the Paradite of Plants. ie 

ee al 

The Temperature, 

pain and fwelling of the Co 
Jy, it firreth up Luft in thofe which cannot ufe the 

ture : a Bean very much refembling the Nut of a Mans yard ; and that. 
Reafon that Pyrhegoras fo much condemned them, their 
which he endeavoured to ft 
edging 08 we av ay 
of the voyce, and the Impoftumes im the Breaft. Husks of them boyleda 
good while in water, that is to the thirds, ft: i 
faid Husks, made up with old Hoes-ste: 

wounds of the Sineis, the Sciatica alfo, and the Gon . ) 

$3, Or rg sate es 
“ogy beet eee hie 5 

peavey ob 6 aber Jec-niso Ia arom £-G 
SHE tiem 274; odd bas. sciouid gtliad ame 131 
<4 Ey Te ee a 3 “o fos eG r i 
, eee > S93 QE 3 ag erat on § 43 afte G-PyEtS -h Eee 

3 3 > 
: . * ¥ sty i sy. a 
Rites tcscod? notedos2 An 

=-C ‘otk: é atts —_— oth. AS t vrly ies (a i eu iges oe 
: i 2 tae : Pie © ‘ 4 , Z = ; io a je p! = : < m » e: a lim edt tis bree t 
_ elisa tists diiw stoi ed dais) Lodeud Viel argo et tO 

: Adam in Eden, Or, 

CHAP. Cll. 
- Of Lentalls... 

The Names, 

pegged Here is another Sort of Pxi/e, which may be appropriated to the fame 
purpofe, which the Grecians Called; gaxds, anc gaxt Phzcos, and in La- 
_ tine Lens & Lenticula, Pliny faith, Lib,18. Chap, 12, that the Etymon 
thereof feemeth to be taken, quafilenis dicta fhe, lenitat [que fign'fication 
nem habet & equanim:tarem fieri vefcent.bus ea, Ic iste.dom wed ior Mans meat 
herein England, and therefore I cannot jufiifie any fuch operation it hath, uniefs 
he meant it of Cattle,who are much plealed with it-and for their Food it is {owed 
in divers Countries.In Hamp(hire they leave out the firit fyllabie, and call ix Tidls, 
and in Oxfordbire, Dills, = 

The Kinds, 

Be Of thefe Lentills I find but three Sorts, 1. The greacer Lentills, 2, Spotted 
ein Mh | Tghgeetcn tg pat t eee 
“" oe Seaiel if aa — ee : * a = mea = 

The Ferme, 

eB ie te 


fomewhat flat Cods, wirhin 

shy [OM rea] 

The Temperature, 

__ Galen {aith, that Lentills hold amean betw Id, yet do they de 
in the fecond degree, thé ourer Skin belligtandiog, saat ee 
which is a litle narfh, and bindeth the 1 , yet the ourer Skin much more: it 
er nt, qualities ; for the firt decoStion thereof deth not bind) — 
dfeh the'body, and therefore they that would have it to bind.caft away the © 
__-Beftwarer, and ufe the fecond, which Aayeth Lasks, and ftrengtheneth the flo- 
= &% and all the inward parts, Lentils husked, faith he, lofe with chests tel : 


ce a em —— ~ potion - a “ a - ~ . 
si the Paradife of ‘Plants. a 
the ftreneth of binding, and the other qualities that follow it, and then nourifh 
more then thole that are not huskeds: yet fo give they achick and evill nourifh=- 
ment, and flowly pafle away, neither do they fay Fluxes, and Dylenteries, as 
thofe that-are not husked, ; : 


on anal 


Se ee ee 

The Vertues. 

The Seeds of the Lentils boyled in Sea-water, and applyed to Womens Breaits 
chat are ready co burftrhrough abundance of Milk, or have it curdled within 
them, by any cold diftemper, bringeth them again into good temper. It is good 
glo to bind and ftay Lasks and Fluxes, but with other binding Herbs,as Purflane, 
Red Beets, Myrtles; Dryed Rofes, Pomegranate Rindes, Medlars, Serviles, &c. 
taken with Vinegar, they are the more powerful, » The Decoétion thereof with 
Wheat-Aowre,applyed, eafeth the Gout, ufed with Honey, it clofeth up the lips 
_ ‘of Woutids, and cleanfeth foul Sores ; being boyled in Vinegar, it diffolveth 

Knots and Kernels, and being boyled with Quinces, Melilote, anda little Roje- s 

Water put thereto, ir helpeth the Inflammations of the Eys and Fundament 5 but 
for the chaps thereof, which need a ftronger Medicine, it is boyled with dryed 
‘Roles, and Pomegranate Rindes, adding a little Honey coit: It likewile ftayeth 
thofe creeping Cankers that are ready to turn to a Gangrene, putting thereto fome — 
Sea-water, and fo it is good for Wheals, and running and watering Sores, St.4n- 
thonies Fire, Kibes, ac. being ufed with Vinegar. The Decoétion thereof is a 
for Ulcers, either im h, privy pares, or Fundament, adding a 
wie. ik -o eat Lentills, or the broth made of them 

w Role Leaves, aid Quinces. "Bi 
too largely, as Gal mfaith, breedeth the Leprofie andCankers ; for grofle thick 

Meat, 1s fitto reed melancholy humours; yet it is profitably given to thofe that 
‘are of a watery difpofition, and evill affe@ed thereby but it is utterly forbidden 
~ “to thofe that have dry Conftitutions : it is alfo hurtful ro the fight, dulling it by 

drying up the moyfture, and is not conyenient for Women that want cheir Cour- 
fes; but is good for thole that have themin'too much abundance, Diofcorides 
“farther addeth, that ic breedeth troublefome Dreams, and is hurtful co the Head, 

‘he Lang, andthe Sinws 

=| rer 4 fh pes * Lange * = Lr Z 2 a ee E ee 
ies lntoiides 2,8 Tava ome 
bite : ; ; : ayo, e, 

53: Ss 

ich are many, | 

rae Se 

144 ~~, 4damin¥den, O7, 

, The Kindes ; 

Though there be divers Sorts of Lillies, yer I fhall only fet down thefe, 1, The 
white Lily. 2. The white Lilly of (onftantinople. 3.The goldred Lilly, 4,The 
red Lilly. 5. The fieryred Lilly. 6, The great Mountain Lilly. 7. The fmall- 
Mountain Lilly. 8. The red Lilly of Conftantinople.g, The Perfian Lilly.1oThe 
‘Crown Imperial, 11, The double Crown Imperiall. . : at 

The Forme, — 

_ The white Lilly hath long, {mooth, and full bodied Leaves, of a graffie, or light 
ereen.colour. The ftalks are two Cubits high, and fometimes more, fet or gare 
nifhed with the like Leaves, but growing imaller and imailer towards the top; 
and upon them do grow fair white Flowers, firong of imell, narrow towards the 
foot of the flalk, whereonthey do grow wide or open inthe mouth, like a Bell, 
In the middle part of chem,‘ dogrow imall tender Poyntels, tipped witha duly, 
yellow colour, ribbed or chamfered. on the back fide, con.s{\ing ot {ix{mall leaves, 

which are thick and fat. The Root is a bulb made of Scaly Cloves, full of rongh and 
clammy juyce, wherewith the whole Plantdothgreatlyabonnd, = 

The Places and Time, Bors erage 

~The firfegrowethin many Gardens inExgland: The fecond at Conftantinople 
vand the:patrs:adjacent, from whence it was tranflated into our Englifh Gardens, 

here al ollow areplantedalio, the red Lillies being brought the 
aher, out ofthe plowed Fields of /raly and Langue-dock, in the Mowntains and 
Nallies of Hetruria, and thole places adjacent,where they grow wild,The Moun- 

tain Lillies, as Diofcorides wriceth, do grow wildin Laodicea, and Antioch, aCity — 
of Syria t and hath likewife been found upon the Mountains in /ta/y,and {ach Ga po 
Countries,as. doborder upon Adorea or Greece, many dayes journies beyond Com 
ftantinople, whereabouts the red Lilly of Conftantinople alfo groweth. The Per fas 
Lilly groweth naturally in Perfia, and thofe places adjacent, whereof it took its. 
name, as the former did from Conftantinople, whence the Crowns Imperiall. ha ve ne 
been alfo brought. They all flowre in Aday and June, except the Crown Imperial, 
ich flowreth in «April, and fometimesin “March, when as the weatheris- 

___ The white Lilly Leaves and Flowers.are hot and moyft, and partly of afubrle 
fubliance, the Root is dry in the firft degree, and hot inthe fecond, The Flowre 
of the red Lilly (as Galen{aith) is of a mixt temperature, partilyofathin,and - 
partly of an earthy Effence. The Root and Leaves do dry and cleanie, and mode- 
" fately digeft, or waft, and confume away, All Authours are filent concerning the 


A * 

with Milk, as fome fign thar this Plant isto be appropeiacested the Paps, elpear 

— . the Paradife ofPlants. 445 

morning and evening, ‘wil do it ‘eifectually: “after which an haiidtul of Parfley3 
ftamped with a peece of tat Bacon, and ct yolk of an Egs, and applyed, will. 
heal ir. Befides, it the Paps which are affiéted with curdied Milk in them, be an- 
nointed with the Oy! of Lillies, ic diffolveth it; but there muft beacare, that it 
‘touch not the Nipple. The Root roatied, and well mixed with the Oy) of Roles, 
doth foften the hardnels of the Matrix, and provoketh the Couries in Women, 

layd thereupon. The {ame {tamped with Honey, gleweth together Sinews 
that be cut in funder, confumeth and tcoureth away the ‘Llcers of the Head, call- 
ed Achores, and likewife all {curfinefle of the Head and face, and is good to be 
laid to all diflocations, or places out of Joynt. The fame ftamped with Vinegar, 
the Leayes of Henbaue; or the Meal of Barley, cufeth the tumors and Apbftumes 
of the privy Members ; it bringeth ae hair again upon places that have been 
burned, o {calded, if it be mingled with Oyl or oG reafe, and the place anointed 
therewith. The fame roafted in Ecaberssa ftamped with Leavet of Rye-bread, 
aind Hoof-greafe, breaketh peftilentiall Botches, and ripeneth Apoftumes int the 
Flanks, coming of Venery, and {uch like: the fame mixed with Oyl of Rofes,cu- 
reth Wild-fire, and burnings, and clofeth wounds and Ulcers, and is good alfo to 
be laid upon the bitings ofS Serpents, The fame boyledin Vinegar, and applyed, 
cureth Corns. The Roots boyled in hohyed waters, ad drunk, driyeth forth by 
the Seige, all corruption of blood, as Pling faith, The Seeds are good to be taken 
againft the biting of Serpents, and epeligh ties oyfo age treats caufing 
it to break forth in blifters, in eden Winey sat the skin; be phere 
or the Roots ftan mped d and. i oer n with ne,ana mitts 

. ; ce sac ‘= arty si 2 
and no eit Bread tor that time, cureth the Dropfie, as it is aid, The — 
water being taken, is faid to caufe eafie ad fpeedy deliverance, and to ex 
After-birth. The fame water is ufed in Difeafés of che Lungs, fhorenels ot oath, , 

beck The Oy d with Cam Ses gpa rk mer 
 pemeape? foften tHe Sinews, and to cui of the Matrix. Fake 

Sr renee Nain Masipold ach anandinlvalite Root a dram;bruife © 
them, and roaft them in Embers, in a Dock-Leaf, z Tot hiod /chocusthepbebal 

Se fected auch a Felon andit will cure e, The red Lilly: ‘Roots; when the orher are 
~ “fot co be had, maybe « spied onewattl, for any of the parpotestiefere enenio- 
ned; but for ‘hi ieee ate Tea emnot commended, The Monntain Lil« 
: lies, the red Lil ee er fian Lilly, and the Crowns-im @ 
: in Gar Se ee “ufé 

“ae bd .% . € x 
ca ‘ PS} i , io 40m come ¥4 ; ea 
EE NES ae eal ; 1 tS 2 ee >_< er 

bau ae eee Bebe ee ot iin’ 
tw ie? Siug Behe Sho als! 

a ae 

tu ig 

ig6___ ddamin Eden, Or, 

aay CHAP. CIV. 
Of Dock. Creffe. 
Sree : The Names, 

g Tiscalled in Greek, aauteen, in Latine Lamp[ana, Sonchus Syloaticuind Pie’ 
'§ pillaris ;in Ensiifh Dock-Crefies,Terterwort ; and Nipp'!eworr, by Mir. Parke 
“™ fon ; and the reafon why he caliethitio,he faith is; becavie ir is good 16 
ghee ae oithe Nipples of Womens Breafts,as Camerarius alio teiiatis 

~~ 4 

Fo rb | The Kinds, : 
~All former Writers have made bue ‘one (oi theredf (which fone of theth 
would have robe a Saliet orPotherb whe-eon the poorer jort of peop:e did ‘eed, 
as being the meaneit and cheapeft, Of all others ; w indeed there is no pro 
babitity thereof, it being never re-eived by ahy as food to.ieed upon) but Baw 
hinus hath added thereunto another that cometh Very neer it, and Mr, Parkin.ob 
hatlvaddeda third. The-firit is called, Ordinary Dock-crefle or Nipplewort. 
‘The iecond Nipplewort of Auiicia, The third,wiid or wood Batiard Nippiewert. 
weve : y= SSrefitwss3 See —- SS AS, & oat. 4 2 
Seite emir eS omer The Fe eS ae 3 hat 
ai 8 Ook 3 3 Sat st 

“Phe Ordinary Dockcreffe or Nippleivore fendech fotth fuindry hard uprictit 

ftalks, whereon grow dark green ieaves from the bortom to the tops, iE eet 
Milas they are higher towards the top ; infome piaces whole without re 
dents on the Edges, andin others with a few uneven ‘Cuts, therein fomewha 

| dike a kind of Hawkweed ; the rops 6f tiie ‘ftalks have fome {mall ‘Jong branches 
feed, the root is {mall and threddy; deth a bitrer milk as the orliers do, 

‘in divers places astupon Wills, under hedges, wpon te 

The Te caperiviire. 
If Gerard miftake not asS,Mr. Park infow (ai | i 
it is of nature hot and fomew : hat gy satay ee ; 

he ee lin Pe 

~ ites 

= __. Ibelieve there are few Women 

= Ww dust efet ores fj now in fome (oft 
what a pain ir is co be troubled with fore Nipp!| yar a gees 

, d . les :Tam fure Ihave known 
_ that have not only affirmed it,bue alfo by their lamentable outcries con irmed 

: _ here is {carce any pain like untoit ,and ic may well be, becaufe che re 


the ParadifeofPlants. 147 

me arteries of the breatt do concenter therein, which makes it fenible of the 
leaft diftemper that canbe, -Fora remedy hereunto,ic hath been by experience 
found that woodden or rather filver nipples, or thofe made of chalk, are very ef- 
feGuiall if there be laid under them,upon the Nipple,a Violet leaf, a RofeCam- 
fn Leaf, or which is moft proper, a leaf of Dockcreffe : which as Iaid before 
call Nipplewore from the extraordinary vertues irhath to heal Womens 
breatis and their Nipples when they are fore and exulcerated, as the Women 
in Pruffia very well know ; and therefore they call ic Papillaris which inducech 
us to nina with Gerard but rather with Parkinfox, that it hath an elpecial 
healing quality therein, andthar it is temperare in heat. and drynéffe with fome 
tenuity of parts,able co digeft rhe vitulency of thofe fharp humours that break 
out into thofe parts. 
Shell sctabies ou no further with any more plants, though there be divers which 
mi scone bef be fpoken to upon this Subject ; hoping that the female Sex, whofe 
nie exceedin gl Ly nef ‘will vouch{afe to accept thefé my direttions , and I 
— not but they will find eafe fe thereby upon.this account, I {hall now return from 
whence I digreffed, and that is fromthe infide of the pet. and ks to which I 
G+! now [peak semen more particularly, 


Of Horebound. 
3 The Names ay : i 

Tis ced in Grech moos Latine Pram and Seg escchdiniie 

alfo attributed both to the ftinking kiftd, whichis. properly called Ballete, 

ede eke Pliny hath ee and Prafum, id 

Sore sass a Leek,together which he might eafily da;there being but a- a 
difference. But Ihope > chis Caveat will prevent the Reader from doing a 

wise’ —— pate eres Saeed ras 
oe iz; Bs Gs SS = G ct — : 4 ay “The Kinlles, 

Berets Génidy onehOnnd, 4. Ontovary 

Spanith Horehonnd 3. ory Cand 
Horehound. 5. French Horehound; 6.;'Curled White Horehound, 7, Spanifh 
oe 8. ranean 2 Weavess; iy. etc 

The arts a arty 

Has ae . erin fa MS f 
Se ees a a4 43 Ss at a: # 
‘od oe tins bic @s bas wee dee Sy 
= = 
« ey pe wate (ial, 

* 0 

148 ~~ Adam inden, Or, ee 
‘The Places and Time, 

_ The firfti: found in many places of our land, indry grounds and wafte green 
places.particularly under the Park Wall at Greenwich on that fide next the heids 
neer the way that goeth from thence to Coconel Biunts houie, The fecond 
came {rom Spaix and being {own of the feed, abideth : The third in like manner 
was {own trom feed that came trom Candy,as the fourth was alfo,The firth was 
found growingabort Paris in France. The uxth ni-Germany.The seventh in Spain: 
and the laft about AZompelier in fat grounds,and {ometimes in the Wheat fields, 

The Te emperature, 

Horehound as Galen reacheth ishotimthe fecorid degree, and dry in the 
third, and of a bitter tafie, : | 5 

The Vertnes, 

A deco&tion of dryed Horehound with the feed, or the juyce of the green herb — 
taken with hony is a remedy for tho‘e that are purty and fhortwinded : tor thole. 
that have a Cough and for fuch as by long fickneffe or thin diitijation of Rheum 
upon the Lungs,are wafied and fallen into a Contumption ; it he!peth to bring a= 
way tough Ph'egm from the Chet , being taken with the cryed Root of Oris 
whi his flower de Luce, It isgivento Women to bring down their Courfes, 

and to expell the aiter-birth, as al.o to tho!e that have tore and iong travels: itis — 
alto given ro them that have taken poyion. or are bitten or {tung by any Vene 

mous Sefpents or beaits ; bur it hurteth the Biadder and Reins, and mutt not be 
‘ufed in hor and dry boci¢s ; yer if Raii.ns and Liquorice be ufed therewith, itis - 
~ Iefle hurtful cothem and more pro..tabie to other parts, The leaves being 
wied with hony co purge fonl Ulcers,{tay running or creeping fores,and the grow= 
ing of the fleth over Nailes :it he!peth the paines of the. ides, openeth fiopping 
‘Scab or any running Sore, The Juycethereof with Wine and Hony he! peth to 
clear the Eye‘ight & {nufied up into the Nofirills he'peth to purge away the yel-. 
low Jaundue,and either of ittelfor witha little Oyl of Roies being dropped ine 
to the Ears, edfeth the painesofthem. The green leaves brni’ed and 
with oid Hogs Lard into an ointment;healeth the bitings of Dogs, abareth che 
taketh away the fwellings and paines that come 

che Veffetls and overflowing of the Gall, if two ounces thereof (having a little 
Sugar put to it Se it)be taken fafting for nine a ‘coun- 

any place overpeftered with ff -it will foon deftroy them al > The Syrmp oft 
P effectual foro!d Coughs,to bits owzy tacghsSicoens Meh aisle 
thers_who'e Lungs are oppreffed: with thin and cold Rheum, ro help c© 

3 CHAP. | 

Of Lungwort. 
: The Names, 

+ etherthis herb.was fo far taken notice of by aity of the ancierit Greeks 
\ \ / or Latine Writers as to receive a name trom rhem, is nor yet tound. The 
Phyiitians and Herbaritts of larer times.have calied it, Pulmonaria of the 
likenefie of the form which ic hath withthe Lungs or Lights called in 
Latine Pudmones, of (ome Lichen, and Lichen. arborum ;in Eng|f{h Lungwort, 
Tree Lungwort, and Wood Liverwort, © 

The Kindes. 


To this kind I find bur three forts that may be properly re‘erred, and 
thole are 1. Tree Lungwort, 2. Sea Lungwort or Outer Green, 3, Sea 
Oake or  Wrake ih capt ee aha? 

ae Ste pee fapuds 
‘ i “ va" 
po CREEL TE ast 
rd “pr ay bed ery aa ee 
We a Lae Pe ee ee 1? 7? 
SESS YS , z 

. Gy Bap 
<e ee , 

gnowort isa kind Of Moff that groweth on fundry forts of trees efpecially 
akes and Beeches, with broadgrayifh cough teaves diverfly folded, crumpled, 
and eafhed in onthe edyes, and fometimes fpotted aljo wich many {mall {pors 
on the upper fide:ic was never {een to bear any ftalk or flower at any time, 

The Places and Time, ; . ; 
Iccroweth upon the Bodies: of old Oaks; Beeches and other wild Trees in 
thi-kand dark fhady woods, and isometimes found growing uponrocksand 
other fhadowy piaces, and*as Lhave been particularly informed noc far from 
Croydon ity Surry, Ic flourifheth elpeciaily in the Summer’ Moneths. The Sea, 
- Tuhgwort or Oiler green sroweth upon reeks within the bowe'sof the se 
rowned | 

Se ks, which are naked and bare of water at every tye. = = 

~ Lunowort is thought to be of a cold and dry quality ; but as for the tempetac’ 

tures ofthe other two,] have not met with any that have pafled their cenlure up- : 
onthem. - yee 

The Signature and Vi ertves, 

The Gimilicude that Lunewort hath with the lungs, as alfo the {peckels y 
are fometimes found thereon is a perfect Signature that this planr is to be 

jatedtothe lungs ; and therefore ic hath been commended by Phyfitias 
imes, and hach been experimentally approved by the learned¢ 

y effegtual again{t the difeates of the lungs; e!pecidlly for che 

Se A me 

eet dein nanacaente tei eee 


alfo tor Coughs, Wheefings. and fhortnefle of breath, and likewife for pitting of — 
blood, and piffing ofblood, ‘It is likewife commended for bloody and green 
wounds and ter Ulcers in the {ecret parts, and alfo to flay the Redsin Women, — 
Moreover it Roppeth the bloody flix, and other flixes and {cowrings, either ape 
wards or downwards, ‘efpecially if they proceed of choler , it ftayeth Vom iting, 
and floppeth the loofenefie ofthe belly,“ Ieis repotted chat fhepherds andcer. | 

tain horfe Dottors, do with good {uccefle give the powder hereof with fair, 
‘unto their fheep, Horfes, and other, cattle .which be troubied with the Cong 

and are broken winded, Oylier-green fryed with egs, and made into a Tanfey and 
eaten, isa ineular remedy to firengthen the weakneffe of che back, op 

St 2igt “th. Y % 

tee a 
: 3 ees 



Of - Tobacco. 


Sigaigt Satie The. Names. « oS igs 

RPT a 

oo ‘ 

Cannot underitand that Tobacco was known before the difcovery of the Weft» 
[bees and it fo, it cannot be expected that I fhould tell you by what name the : 
“Greek Writers called ic, they being deceafed long before, ItiscalledinLa- 
_ tine Petum,and Nicotiana from John Nicot a French man who being an Agent 
inv Portugal for the French King, fen fome of ir to the French Queen, wherenpoh 
ca erba Regina. The Indians callit Picielt and Perebecenue;but 

open how bo . €0 Sita te 
ade cia Bee eet Te 

fame plant planted in feveral Countries, ate 1. SpaniffsTobacco, which 1 
inia Tobacco, whichis a great d efle: 
en ae rate. “3. Englifh Tobacco, whichis {0 called (not that itis nacural 
England,bur) becaufe it is more commonly with Us growing in every coun- 
sarden almoft, and endureth better here - 

' h Ifrppote robelo 
be places wherethey grow. Jt willbe more to our purpole to give 
» “Foy eictiption of thar which is called Englifh Tobacco, and therefore take. 

was followes. : 3 Monee 

The Form, 

witha thick round flalk, fometime two foot hight 
ick fat ereenleaves, nothing fo large as the other Indiat 

ointed alfo,and nothing dented about the Edees. The 
beareth at th hing dented about the. dg | 

Englith Tobacco rifech up 
whereon d6 grow thi 
ane heth fi the 
fiaik brancheth fore careth atthe tops. divers. flowers green Husksy 
_ fomewhar like the flowers of Heal Ste bat nothing (oles ene fa OB 
ethe brims ofthe Hlusks, round pointed alfo,andofa greenifhy yellow ¢O- 
‘The feed that followeth,is not very bright, but large, contained in great 
The roots are neither great nor w  perifhing every year with che ard 
a Winter ; but generally of its own fowine, ifit be Jet alone a> 
Bemcenoncefowed, ~ - - The 

‘i - 

PR in ” i. ee 

the Paradife of Plants. _ 7 

The Places and Time 

Though that Sstncostewhiah besneshveerd y the Bell from the reft be (as faid) 
called Spani(h Tobacco, yet there is, for oughe I can learn, bnt very little Tobac- 
co growing in Spaiz if any at all, buc is bronghr thicher out of the Provinces of 
eAmerica,one of which, where it.was fir tound is called Pers, from whenee it 
is named Hyofcyamus Perwvicanus;but improperly, though fome would have i we 
bea fort of Henbane, It groweth alfo in Bra fl, which j is another 
the Weft Indies, whence the feed being brought into England and fon | 

prolpered very well in thofe foilsthachaveb fruitful, sand efpecially Paco. : 
FVinscomb inG locefter{hi ‘reywhere I think che planting of itis difcontinued NOW, . 
becainle the ftore that came from thence was an hinderance to the publick révenhue 
coming in for the Cuftome of that which is brought from beyond the Seas; How- 
beit it is continued in many Gardens though in no great quantity. It flowreth 
from June, fometimes to the end ‘of Angatt » Or later; ; and the feed 
tipeneth in the mean time, 

‘The Temperatieré, 
Tobacco is hot and dry in the fecond: degree, and is withall of power to dif | 

cuffe or mee, and to reves Be Se wer Sesh a ok fmalt 

lity , aptisbas ae aS brappas 
nee Th Vertues; 

; en wing "Toblaeees Whit grows in England lanl ical cod cas 

which cometh from the Indies, yet iis: und by coo! experience almoit to be 
as available to expedtorat leer out of the Stomach, Chet; and and Lungs, 
the Juyce thereo Seite trade tuce & , or the diftilled “Water ofthe herd 
drunk with Sugar, or elfe the fmoak taken 

ough a pipe, as is ufuall bue fafting, 
or the whole fu rolled into Pills and featiowed @ that whether of the. 

two can be more eafily procured, may be ufed, The fame alfo 1 tO expel : 
ste sence mtn » being g inwarely : or a Jeafapply ee 

to eafe in the head or Megtim, and the pains in the lg, 
be profiad aloe te thar are troubled ie Sa in the Ki 

to eale pains, oking Urine ro expel gravel e ftone ingens 
dred cherein, and hach been found ve effedtual to expell windineffe and other 
humours, which caufe the 4 ror tie the Murher, “ The feed ‘hereof is much 
Siaaetimen cite te Tobdh-ach then any Henbaneeed, andthe 

The herb bruifed and she the Kings Evil hélpeth it invnine or ten daies 
Pagans © oe fae at re ‘Dropfie’ by taking font and 

toa + > which will ongly purge the the body bo hup- 
wards and dow difiilied water is ohresaaieir Wh a 

the ad abe de to Teen them, and ae ae 


To min Eden, Or, 

ywound or cut wherefoever, and the Juyce put into old Sores, both cleanfeth ani and 
healeth them ; but efpeciallyja Salveofitmadethns; Take of the green Herb, 

three or four handful s, bruife it;and put it into a quart of good Oyl of Olives,boyl 
(them on agentiefire, untill: the Herb grow-dry, ‘and the Oyl will bubbleng . 
Joneget; then (train it torth-hard, and fevit on the fite again, adding ‘thereto Wax, 
Roien, and Sheeps’ Tallow, or Deares Sewer; which youwillof each a.quarterof 
a pound, ‘of Turpentine two Ounces,» which: — put itup foryour 
ane: This Saive will Likgorife as te ema tumours 5 and other iweb 

8 orbs tga flaittys | of id 

=“) £9 TT : rie tr wy : eo 
eee : Se : sBpt eerie od Wid 
as : 
re: + ey a, Pr. weigent 
“ a 
i 3 
. . eee: 
- bi i. FET <u ATX 
‘ ee 
eta ~ ~~ 
~ — thee ind y, et J , yon 
- wd 
4 - a a = 
we Ui ‘ SEY 2 

Tiiyvieh al 
biaiy r 2 

‘a oa * 4 i Saeed 3\/ wl Lis Hs iJ 
Tree% , « corre Pa ere 
< TENA l me adh & - > hda nt ie j : 
} => 4) <n J a | 7. fa ast +H > Pee 
ae3! 3 Me = T2Iss 10 ‘ei Stitii 

Phe ieee 

eee et. 
ee See a > 

o Salerno es ee 

etih.0313w0g to [lersiv;: ei be ‘The Names.’ na Ls brs aod 2 on 

ilecnt {863739 EO ifs onivec wf sly og? Sree ayildles: > shes 
gered Hete is'no Greek Name found for this Pati: reis calledin Latine Rar 
aS Solis, of divers Rore/la, and of Lobel Rorida, and of forme Salfirorayand 
corruptly hele ieee. as we lena likewife do now and chens All 


£9135 et 

mere ane Wet ee OF 

_the Paradife of Plants. 3 

and ‘Abb ngdon.In Lancafhure,in their Mofle Grounds, whéré rhey dig their ‘turfs; 
there is great /:ore oft allo, <Tfaat wath Leaves of'a {pan long; croweth plentiful 
lyin. a Bo golly Eaendery indreland, Jewasfqund by MriHeater, who gave tome 
o! it to Gazchy Splliard, Apothecary in Dublin, which he fent to Mr: Parkinfor: . 
Ic groweth alio in England, by E&e(meere in Shropfhire. Ic floweth in May or 
Jaxe. and continueth tlourifhing till Auguft ; withi ich ti i 

tiered, t ther being dry and caim, and as near the middle of the day as you 
can; forthen itis fuile(t of Dew, wherein the vertue mo confiteth: ‘ 

The Temperature. ~ 

Some fay, chavit is fearing or canftick Herb, and v mucltbi ik 3. Beitic hot 
and dry ine fourth Degreey-ochers odie is mete Bie! a= 
cide drying and binding, nee 

The Vertnesand Sitnature; 



Ulcers that happ 
“ The.Leay 

v fo pertinacioufly, that . 
AM aryl 3 $ : waltaway the fame: fo 
sewule they thought, ° that: herewith the naturall and lively Heat in Mens Bo- 
dies, is prelerved and cheri ed; and this may be alfo by Signature, If any one de=" 
fire to knowhow to makethe Rofa Solis, before mentioned, let the Herb called 
Ros Solis, or Sun-dew, be gathered in Jame, July, or eAnguft: the weather being 

ime of the day, then pick ir clean, anid cut offthe Roots, » 

dry, and about the mid- 

tee ad 


ees : 

is4. . Adamin Eden, Or, 

Luit, which Swx-dew provokes exceedingly. The ditiilled water hereof, that ig _ 
drawn forth with a Clafle-Still, is of a giitrering yellow colour; like goldyandco- ~ 
loureth Silver put therein like Gold; which Bath water, will alio do, as I have 
heard. - . 

CHAP. Cix, - 

_ Of Hedge-Muftard, or Bank-(reffe. 
| The Names, | : 

wn Hic Greek Name is égvcquev, which feemeth as is mot likely, to be deri- 

ved dad TE kgdbtin quad ob {uam calidisatem attrahendi facultate pradtum 

. eff ic being of a very attractive quality:in Latine alfo, Ery imum & Irie, — 

_ quod ab acrimonia {na irrut in guftum, from its fharptaft, This is the 

Eryfimum 0: D.ofcorides, which he calleth aito x Chameapl.on, but not of 

Theophraftus - for he placeth his Ery fimum among the forts of Corns or Grains, 

In Englifh.ic is called Bark Crege, by Gerard; but becanle ‘Park ixfon found the 

moit judicious to make ita kind of wild Auftard, therefore he intituled ic wid : 

2p ERR gaged sce Bates The Kindes, ; 

There were formerly but two Sorts of Hede-Muftard known » but now there 

are fix, &. Fhecommon wild Hedg-Muttard,2 .The true Hedge-Muttatd,3.Broad. 

leafed Hedce-Muttard, 4, Broad-leafed Hedge-Muftard of Naples, 5. Narrow 
leafed Hedge-Muttard of Naples, 6.An hairy Hedge-Muflard a ; 

swith uncut Leaves. 
The F. orme, "ee 

3 The common wild Hedge-AdLuftard, groweth up ufually, bur with one black- 

1 green ftalk,tough eatie to bend, but not ‘0 to. break.branched into Civers parts, — 

. times with divers (talks, fet full of Branches whereon grow long ror 
ar hard rugged Leaves, very much torn, or cut on the ecges.into many parts fome 
bigger, ana lome lefler, of a cirty green colour: The Flowers are {mail and yel- 
low, that grow at che tops of the Branches, in 

OW at the Oj ‘ong Spikes, flowring by cegrees, 
- fochac continuing long in flower, the {talks will have {mall round Cods ar the 
bottom, growing one clofe to the flalkywhi'e the top flowers as yer fhew 
Cives ; ID which are contained, {mall, ye'low Seed, fharp and ftreng, as 
che Herb is alfo, The Root groweth down flender and wooddy, yer abiding and 
{pringing again every year, ae / 
: The Places and Time, 
The firftis very frequent in our Land, by the wayes, Wa'l Hedge-fides, 
and fometimes in the open Feds: chethin sone and He ‘yer itis 
ometimnes found, but in better grounds, which maketh ir folarge: The ‘econd is 
Sena wid in Sealy, as Adatthiolns faith, in like places with the fr: The fourtl 
tare of Naples, as Colsmna Gaith the lait croweth upon Rones and on 


the Paradife of Plants. 15 

bith, and upon old Mud-walls at Basil, Mompelier , and other places. They flower 
fometimes late, and fomerimes earlyer, but moft commonly in July, or therea+ 
bouts, : ESS 

ey SR Re on ce 

The Temperature, 

The three firft Sorts of Ery imum, as the moft in ufe, and effectuall, do tempe= - 
rately heat, coniifling of a chin fubftance, cutting and cleanfing with fome moyit 
parts joyned therewith, fo thar it doth make yifcous flegm eatie to be {pit forth, 

The Vertues, 

This Herb is of fingular efficacy in all cheDifeafes of che Cheft &Lungs,hoarfhes 
of yoyce, and, by the ufe of the Decoftion thereof for a little fpace; thofe have 
been recovered, who had utterly loft their yoyce, and therewith almoft their {pi- 
rits alio, The juyce thereof, made into a Syrup, or Lehoc, with Honey or Sugar, 
is no leffe effectual! tor the faid purpofe, and for all orcher Coughs, Wheefines, 
_and fhortneffe of Breath. The fame alfois profitably taken of thofe,that haye the 

aundies, the Pleurifie, pains in the Back and Loins,and fot Torments and wring- 
ings in che Blly, or in the Colon, which is called the Collick, being uled alfo in _ 
Glitters. The Seed is held ro bean remedy againtt poyfon, and venome, 
It is fingular good for the pains in the Hips, or Huck-bones, called the Hip-gout, 

lings in Womens Breafts, or in the Tefticles and Stones. There is to be had at the 
Apothecaries, a oe made of Hedge- Muftard, Elicampane,(olts-foor,Li quorice, 
and {uch other Ingredients, which , was invented again{t cold afflitions of the 

Breaft and Lungs, as Aithmaes, hi &c, and may Be sail eaten witha Li 
hoy et ti relief of thofe, which are ted wi any of the sfore= 

2 AD. CK. 
OF Colts-foot. 
The Names, 
B: all this while I had almoit forgot Colts-foot, which is fo called in 

Englith, from the fimilitude it hath with a Horles or Colts-foot, Ie is 
called in’ Greek @ixyov: and Tufilago, im Latine, 4 notifsima urilitare 
ae quam prabet in orthopnercis tu[si vexatis, of its notable qualities, ro 

cure Coughs, and other Difeafes of the Lungs. The Apothecaries call it Farfara 

and Ungula Caballina ; and of fome, Poputago, from the likenefle of itsLeaves 

0 thofe of the white Poplar, which was named of the Ancients Fa 
>pole; that rhis may be a ) 
them bring their Flowers before r 

ibi ante patres, ix being fomewhat prepofterous, and very rare 
Plants + aware cs ¢ why fomie Herbarifesthonght, ch 


mae “e nin 

156, AdaminEden, Or, — 

forth no Flowers, fuppofing thar-chis.Plant, as others commonly do, wouldhave ; 
put forth Flowers after the Leaves, ifany at all.Péiny calieth it Farranum & Fare — 
regium, Wis called alo in Englith, Foale-foor and Hor{e-foor. There is a fort heres | 
of, called in Greek xanine, in LatineCacalia ;‘inknolifh, Great and firange 

Colt s-foot * 

2) On istiasts oascG The. Kindes,. UA =, oer sit tedt | 
BOM INGs (isi) REM EOID BIL. HeaiT: SIGCHI REITE IO ort: > red wis a 
The-Colts foot andthe Cacalia, make but four kinds. 1. Colss-foor, .2. Hoary $3 
Strance Colts-foot. 3. Smooth {trange Colts-foor, 4, Strange Colps-foot of eAme- 

‘ 4 : 

rica. Soe 
The Foorme, 

eon sod.retts Ist Fon) ocl3 16 coesiioradie ai wis 1i per (CisH igh 
“Coles-foot fhootech up a flender ftalk, wich{mall yellowith Flowers,fomewhat, — 
early, which-tall cttle, ich andatter they arepaity «come fomeywhat round) — 
Leaves; yet fomerimes denced a little abourthe edges, much jefler, thicker, and 
ereener then thole of the Batter-burr , witha little Down or Free(e, oyer, the; 
steen Leafon the upper fide, which may be rubbed away, and whitifh, or mealy. 

_ Underneath, The Root is fmall-and white, {preading very much in theground,fo 
thar where it taketh, it will very hardly be cleanfed trom it aain, if rany litle 
peece be abiding therein, and from thence fpringing frefh Leaves, * = 

+) ite 

é ~ 2 ~@. 
‘gl s ieee ee 
a ae eK = 
as a : 
4 ons 

Sl ae a ll 
i, at - ~ a 
ee ke ee 
Riis Se ee 
re > 

: thet 
4 Rivers, inw 
Son 0.25 Hies, beyond the Seas, and by the Bathes, where’ ee 
in{undry Vallies, beyond the Seas, and by the Bathes,where they wanr not moya 
The latin America, Virginia and Canada, The Lezves pe Plovearcol sale “a 
firft, are ‘eldom or never to be tound together : the Flowers being paft before he! s 


= The Places and Time. sts Si: 7 Oe 
ETS SS aS Oe Mr aes FI ; 
rOWweth OF It 1Et, Near unto ; 

$ hes, and on the brinks of Brooksand | 


= The Vertues, 

This isan Herb generally known, to be very available for thofe that hat 
Rheums, and Diftiliations upon the Lunes,cauling the Cough thereby to fi 
and dry it; and then the dryed Leaves are beft, as the freth Leaves, or nyc 

rup made thereof, is fitteft for an hotydry Cough, and for Wheefings,. and hort ec : ; 

___ neffe of Breath. The dryed Leaves, taken in a.Pipe, as Tobacco i Reais 
_ inlike manner, good tor the thin Rheums, Diftiliarions aid pee been ie they” 
ply, or with Elder- flowers,and Night-hade pis af ngular Remedy aeainit all hoe, 
. drink two Ounces at atime,and to have (ome Cloaths wer therein.and, 
>the Head and Stomack, » The! famealfo applyed to any hor Swelling’; 
= ; ahaall a “2 

the Parada eof Plant: “159y 

or orber Inflammations, OnE VGN Ep oRta FS ic helpech chat: eats 
Anthonies fire, and burningsalfo, andis.ingular good to pe 
Sra Jas i eae Canes B96 s ‘as alfo again(.she burning h of the 
or ob 0, apply, Cloaths wenthe : places... pa iS, 
fheweth, thar in-che ion ot this Colessfaor;: there growerh seinen, Ory 
VVhite-wool, which being cleanfed from the Roors, and bound up in Linnen.; 

Cloaths, and boyled in | Lye for a while,and afterwards fome {alt Nitre added unto 
it, and dryed up again in the Sunyisthebeitrindert6 take fire, being ftroke from 
a Flint, chat can be. The Root ot Cacalia sy moh in ee and eaten, is allo good 

it UML yc pao row Bl 3 uol ofT  Joine 
ae 2% Auasaey¢ Ts of 20 atrich 

#183300 af 1994 med? io floms 

Bross: sit lagna A. Gi gh 21 a7 od | 
wet Heac : ae 6 idk oo . 

4 4itst iocty fin als ot 

1 axshased 20 etaeet 

The Nemes 

” T is called in Greek aregennsver but the ‘Greeks in chefe pe ie 
megemnonas.y in Laci iclymenum alfo, and C ; buck nerve 

36011 sethsigh gqpalad a ni y 
Ly¢ ay -) vis S75 fir i7a9y ad} bf vit Oy a 

* - ea ‘J q. 22 alga = 9 & iO 4 : Te 4 ¥ om 2.0 Mb ed ae eee Te. 
agai o.eeiies, ea!ad ioraT oi nemo dy cx vise 
-oThere are divers Sogts of 
er : hala | : ’ . 
. . : . - * 

at a SE ays 
» (eTiOL1ss: Ss PS ee 

+} i dy ore De se: 4 ot} a 

or mans — a] 

ae ; 


> es aa. 

sei: ej ae vhieend of fhort (talks, that come from the omen >a 
with the ssahd are much fmaller then the other, & never opeiting or {pread=\ 
ing much, of # pale whitifh colour :atrer which come two red Berries, long, with: 
«he roundheffe; both of a bignefs in the natural places, and in fome open places, 
jae Sa wieh a US ; eg one is aiimliywithered: aid never commeth to pers “ 

Apa | «he Places nd Time, >| 


: vabaitincly Sills Sai slmnb ier bieien The feednd: 
many: The third out of Ztaly,both whiclvare fet againit our honfe=). 

aka toreibasaet : Windows, ‘where'they keep the Rooms cool, and makea\ - 

goodly fhew without, The laft was tound by Dr, Penny, as Cénfins faith, by Dante: 

wick, The four laft were found by C/a/as in Germany, Anftria,and Syria, and’. 

fome on the Pyrenean hills, andin Savoy, and are moft of themkept mourCar- 
’ dens. _ The fir is in flovere in Juwe, and the Prue is 1 in Augu/t. Thefecond 

4 OuE é rend of April, and the of Ada; and {o_ 
do the reft, cheir fruit being tipe in July or eAuguft, except the =— which 
. hath not been feen to bear any. se 

The Topco 

“The Flowers and Leaves of Hony-fuckles, are of acleanfing 2, Wii and 

ai ila> enysb sisd 5 FES MOVRGUARIAE -- myget 

Yecosti i n made ofthe Leave sft Foes nd Ls Her tena 

Wine, Mr, Culpepper faith, akkekalietes nt Fics Se rn eet: i : 
Should be kepr in rcvety Gen lew Oats Bees for hat tic tnewne beccertillt : 
geen eee, hen cis: ies i ties aay the evil ofthe Spleen, provokt a 
rine, procures {peedy. eres Shek chineot cold hope Cramps,Convulfions 
erhteaen citer hedted Stiefs come of cold or flo ee! 
wets ih Bower, or the difilled water of chem ar ppings. The “Leaves of 

J moyft Hes) ahd to cll te nd skin fro tee Bere 

i If y 

os dine eee — 
zane re 
nthe rir pts of Manor Wom 

ee ne 

Par | 15 34 
makers men, arunable fa generation. “The . lowersand leaves are: ofr more we 
cugerhe Hicket. oatwof end f Birt ws, chit id 

: ‘ 

i aii a enya ro) pitie setebee asd Weeke: to se 

© Lamps to” deceit doreaenesrtey; fanid of the Larities Candela Regia and 

; Merer arlasbeciule the elder ave ufed the flatks d pped 4n Snet to biitn, “whee 4 
“ther at Funerals: or for private Ules’} and'fo likewilethe Englifh-name Hig“ 

taper for bfiehioes sae Oe left out; afe : 

orTorch. | pee o4 

 3*iher aredtthis kind beh bes thé MB Nelle nine’its. 7. Common Male , 
| tein. %; Dwarf sere of Pita wilt 3. White Mullein with long leaves: 
. Jer Siveet black Mullei 

the ground, fomewhat longer than be | 
3 ied Sbiee the Eaots 4 eth 

tee aan Eden, tA. oe 

anid ¢ Ohurels at Barbe in. England, The eighth groweth at Padoa or eheredee 
bouts: and the ‘ait in syrva, as by its tirle doth appear. They ali flower in June ang 

July, ana bring forth their feed the fecond year atter the lowing, except thetwo 
: lat, sete as we cannot relolve you. 

The Temperature, 

Mullein is of a dry temperature, the leaves have alfo a digefting and clean i 
fing quality as Galen afhrmeth, | i ‘a: 

The Ver sues, 

A Desodaen. of the leaves of Mullein, is Likewite very good for the I BS 
-and for thofe alfo chat are troubled with anold ‘Cough ; And this our afferrion — 
 » js confirmed in char the Country people, Fipecally the Hnsbandmen in Kent do 
‘give ix their Cattle pounce pangs of fi= 
cine for the; fame, whereupon they call it Bullocks Lwagwert; and I therefore 

ttle are alfoinfome orto be proyided for in their dilear 
fes, The {aid leaves being alittle ‘brmied, and laid or bound to an Horfes foot, 
that 1s grievouily pricked with fhooin ingydoth wonderfully heal i it in a fhort fpace- 
Neither is it neta] for Carrie but foriren alfos= Acimall quantity of the ro 
taken in Wine, 15 commended again{t Lasks and fluxes Of the: ; the D 
- cottion thereot gareled in the mouth eafeth che paines of the Toothach - 
being drunk it is profitabie for thoie that are burfien, and for thofe that have. 
cae Seca Tr the: na and flowers here of, and the powder ar 

yed. Veni seat tine be calt upon a few c bcisiesin.g Chahogieas 

to a 101 ne Pan being ake Out, and ry fit 
.) ting bare aye fp fe faxes fer i is roubied with the Piles, OFfilline i ee 
_ Fundament,or any other pains of thar place,doth give nee eale a and help; as alfo 
for thoje that havea great defire to go often to the {; e 
{pecially to fuch as have the bloody y flux. “An Oyl made by the often infuhon of 
: the fowersis of very good effes for the Piles all » The decoétion of tk 
Red Wine or in water, ifthere bean Ague, w ein red 7 
ten quenched doth ftay the bloody flux, The Tame aif h the Ob | 
pug bladder and reins, when one cannot make water, : he 
Yea steof and of Sage, Marjerom and Camomil flowers, and a places barhed 

1 that have their Veins and Sunes ftark with coid,or with Cra 

ecial Remedy for thofe thar are troubled w ith belly ache 
lines e Cholick. The decofion of the root and {o alfo oft 
leaves. is of great celfeetio aire the Tumours, Swellings or Inflammations, ot 

the Throat. : Weis b cent th in wine; and. applied, coth {pe 

din double papers, and covered 
; he Eee and laic Ww 

the Paradile of Plants 161. 

of Co whlips of Ferujatem. 

Tae Names . 

I Cannel fiurd Mat this tokio nuntconed by oe Geck 
Quttowr, anol Hexefore koe n0t hoe fo 400 you chal 
thoy calked cl of Mey huvew* it Wee cathd ow Laluw by hhe, 
Mechaliels of tater himcs Fulmonaria aud Pubmonakis, of 
Coudus, Sys tin Sylvecke, ow WA 3 bet eceing, 
thal Cow ot He queat Zonfouncd, to offentt found weld 
Hen thia, may Wee, te called Symphylicn mucrcelofivun 
ov macelalum: In Lugleh opotted — Saqe-of 
ec i cM anges p of Bebllelia, 
t come, tse wou teow é. potted ba “la: 

Meter Called Lunquort, which Sr 
have uteated “ - both Hat 6 eek. 

3 pu fed- tothe: Leela Sceppoce ie eal oak. 

i : vith anymore then face othe of 
Pe ew L -Spched aN ee 
The formé. 

the Paradile Plants . LOT gent] 

focenes tal they be at food ted ae purple; and dome — 

“uics bw aud oflenkswes of all Hew colowd ah one, 

He a hewn fallen , here Comce dirall batlong — 
full of Seed . eres to of a had dubsfanee, and 

black, colowe, ppg many Meecade ab the tad of U1. 

The Places and Time. 

hey vay deus, loa | 
Wao found qrowing nalurally neew Kin gewood | 
in Nawnpyfhwee. 5» Sas ad found en He 
eres: toned it he Manne County, et a cased 

| by Myf * ect, who (ag San ufone & wo hae 
“i — ableel aaa nowt bong « ‘ut Cagle nol. pie 
| aA han well fucken in Yeard, and er 3 
Aavelluncy in ome asd of Ste effex He Mase of ihe : 
theul liodal wus in Scag. The place of the laf — 
4 hawe is yet BP is > Mey loc fou he a 
a the Eesusing, of Cop aud their teed 3 ute 
Day ct Mircaboutg | | 

Bea. : The! fe 

160 Adam in eden, O 
| The Temperature. 

Me Coavey af this her ance of the dame he mpcralure, 
wettt Comfrey , Mat co, Cot and bey tn He foret 
degree « but the veel, ececng Mey axe haved cud wosby 
are ofa Wee and TAD quoltly . 

Th he Vertues and segratares. 
leans of oe of Fercdalior ave wecanfied, A re 
neoent Me tke “pole viper the Lungs ; aud Nic 

decochen hereof vo Agee corhh acre geed hop 
te thoee fal we tepabled ur Be 

Slitlag of blaed, Ye, 4 if le aeth 0% wanke ev 
deunk. Wb to me. prominin’ He wourncls — 
CL take that ha aphen loany other of he Irliall, aud 

nwo parts, and aleo tor bui/finge. ar tupluwte 
Yt ioa ed. geod tothock, Qud fe be 

weed Min elfecca te che ohen Te 
ee fote | Paar 4 a 

; ~ A “of ewe a et kL whe anlar, 
big:! la. te pet tu py ae a 
og i gent oT hae 
F a Cooling, aud Hen tach ai Me wound. 

os ‘See. 

JOO font4) Adam in Eden, Or, 


OL Oantcle . 
The Wame.s. 

Either co ct found tab Sariiebe vies Keron 10 au 
of the adent Cyecek or Lralkine Quthow, bal tat, ; 
Qe many o-fler balncrares aud otter Nels, tee 
found oul, ancl waned by lalew Weclew HU “o 
Called i Valine Samicula Yay € Goylu' % poli 



fanande mune fice tly eareclleucy on healing 

Gefuew, auc by tome wretty a 
~ acbusis, becauae it quowelh plewfully it 
jperkei. We call Ain tuglech 1Butooworl, 
Puller Nook hecawee of the Crylinefle of the 

ogl ov Bute + 

dad hefove . 
“Lhe Hindes a 
Mere he divers Mecha, phat Ke learned Wille 

eee eee 

oral pack -bech thal 
tital of, ca Santele, pr ly 20 ade tu 
iil + Codenaty Sarita, tim 

haut entcheled Cancele as Avens pears fants 

the Paradile of Plants. 161 

| euvort be Yorkotwee Sanicle, 3. SpotheA Sancele i 4. 
— Beaws Care Sanicle. 5- he Stuach_ Sanciele of Anwuca. 

The Form. 
Gudincvey Sancele fendeth forth mand Teares of a 
| nuddle dint, fomechal deehly cut, or dweeled tuto 
| fee ov fre perks, and 2eome of Mite tultn alae 
| : tomelimes, Cleradirg upon beaciuch focklatks 
| of aboul an handful : and domewhal tke unto 
| he broader Lrauce, of rhe dh Cod of Anemones 
| buh fnely denled aleut Hee ¢ meth, and ef a 
. dawing ah Mhe top, whee it branche th iulo Mowerg 
haowng a bat docded irlo Heeee a4 / peced perks 
ab That foynh with the flocucrs, whch at rwall ancl 

and (hick in Hee dane thant cohen Hue Hal 
| i Kost ia ano of any ek Ing 
Tbs feb together, a Ute Leng tead, tolich atadeth, 
with Mo green Leaves all the Winter. 
" | The Places and Time. 
— thave eeen He frat goed boy Cacford, on Slow. 
wee by St. Mane, undtan Mat quowet 
| behueen she Punch fiat went abecd old Veutan, ant 
Me stay Wenductlge . Ihe eecond,(wlech hath Uitlle > 
 Mheutffé woth the fort, bak only for ite hoalirg wersue, 
Reng composed of forre ox five fal Ltaves, Cpu 
F lal cx Hee qreoccudl, ofa yellowish Colon) guewe NM maa 
— Moyet betlonr helonguug lathe dant weed, aud to 

Commonly / 

<< the Pavadife ay Plants. Ihe 

commonly found uper ounduy boge in the Woot Qunky 
and Wale, bub chiefly om York/hote, Ye fi doc, 
net muel from the feral, anly He Leauts ave neha . 

Pheuan Dilla, in Me thedowy paces of Hew, ll 
Meg haue llew beaught wwle our Englefh Pye — 

Oe Ne i dene ceo He bac bl 

The Tem perature . : 

Ganicle co beter in laste, and Mow by to dslag 
and a ‘ me ee 
WS ej . He decond degee, aud 4 td afta iy 

U Cam que ech preset hel, ccbhore te Wt enit ule 
Geen Wounds fpeedily ant oa 

164. Adam in Eden, Or, 

be taken, ov the Pocodon i dunk aud Me Juyce ufed oxhutarly. 
llecus in the Mouth Huroal, aud Puvcles, by qaxqling o*4, 
wadhing Hew with Me Recochon of Me Litaues aud Koot ; 

la 4” ay Wemeng Cautdev aud atl other Olwaces of Blood 


he Bowell, aud the Gonordhea, o¢ runncig of He Kens 
lcug boyledt ix Wine ox Walee aud dumk . Ye anc bes 


= Bn, ; Bu Fel teal or cher Viluew 
Nechyg philicocr ap High hat hath Panicle > ie 
Meth henself, noedeth, novihen Hy [crac nor Chyerction 
uterweoryt igablto a oelnerarey Merch, and, of qeeal Ltlecur 
with mang, ad well for He Kuch hvee uv Childuen, avtlo teal 
Geen Weeds: the County pectle which Live whow cf 
Grows th, do uee fo wh f wher Kher tauds, when Hey 
mee chapl by the Wind, ov when Heevr Kireg Udderg avec 
dwoln, by Me bohug of avy evuclen{ Woun ox Vewmenc,, 
On chew el heh chapl , o« tefl. Me Recrew 2ort of people 
im Wales, makea Sytep Me ceof advo of Roees, and Virrwuff, 
elves aud Mery Childe - Mey hud it Lekewree, 
tn Hee Bueths fox Ne dame Pescfage., which purge th Llecrm 
— : n alec with he Nouk ny Biker make an 
Wntere lgular and the Cbyfechiors 
Mee we tute Ad hath sg Ce potineniel affernid, ze 
ba Lean Pliyfi haus ef Geed acccunt. 


cal in b cening, Comsoliddaliing, 
healing, “bt and healeng, as any of he Confounde, 

164 Gont4y Adam in Eden, Or, 


Of Polypodte . , 

| The Names. oe 

"Tacs axe Awerg conyeclue, wty Hue Greecang 
Called tia Meu Bolv@chrey. Fon Cenceine 

lo be dexiued from AOAayy, mMullid, and A¥G, be : 

feet of ve » Pobigbica ; others & evi, « a coleabuliy : 
foes fece Cty iG fortis’ fron Mie haloo cu rhe Cael, 
which axe te hke tothe halls thal au in the daid “hee 
he Hoje, called Be Poly puco Wh io Uheocee ealled im 
i Pobypodaun aud thicuba quale pada fll, 
Guct ibicclars hh hele - for chy Likeswes wet, Mort 
nt brglub, Cock Cak- Fou Noun, aud Wall-Poun aacoda ; 
Mes places of giacth, hp generally Poly pod. eh Hoe | 
“1 another Lord of 0, aR Pern, called “un Chock a svete 
Bevow res Bayo quali Pibece Meola, naeet-tm 
* M poweng or by rag eee, — 
Of fel pody wmcloe colsick, bark that of the lal, 
aud He - Foun , axe (neleuded, Hicwe bee ee 
thlypody 5 iaat apa of & Oak Peay 2 

a Cak- Peer. ei lu LS ee Oak. Were 


the ParadifeofPlams. 167 

om is The Forme, 

Common Polypody of the Oak is a mall Herb.conifiting of nothine birt Rooks 
-and Leaves, bearing neither F.ower nor Seed, It hath ture or tour Leaves fii 
from a Root, every one tingly by themselves, of abour an hand breadth, ehick 
are winged, coniitiing of many imail narrow Leaves. cut into the middie Rib, 
ftandinz on each fade of the ttalk, large beiow, and {mat ler anc {maller. ‘up tothe 
top; not dented or notched on the edges ata!l, (as the Male Ferin is) of a fad 
green colour, and {mooth on the upper fide ; bur on the under tide, fomewhar 
rough, by reafon of fome yellowith ‘pots tet thereon, The Root is fitiatler chet 
ones iittie finger, yet long and creeping aflope, whereon are certain little khags z 
and holes, as are on thetayl ofthe Fith Palypus; = = | 
_ There hath been of late dayes, fucha flaughter of Oaks, and other Trees ‘all _ 
over this Land, that fhou'd I nominate any particular place, I mi seby 
feem to bea deceiver, 1 fhall theref ) en? 3 
well upon old rotten Trunks, or { 
Tow, or any other, as in 

fes, and 

| Te is hot and dry in the feconid id Degree, as may be gathie 
— Tarfbnelstharic harhin thes” Peay ba 

Oe aie ai 

the Signature and Vertues, 7 
on the undet fides of the leaves Of Polypodyias alfo-the 


uF With it./\ Dram or two of theP 
Cup of Honyed water, worketh get 
d Water, both of Roots and Leavés, ig 

etiam ag 

YES vein al 

Adam in ¥-den, Or, 

Panne ide Ieee a ete 

the Quartane Agues, to be taken for many dayes together, as alfo againft Melan- 
choly, or fearful or troublelome fleeps, or dreams. The treth Roots bearen {mall _ 
or the Powder of the dryed Root, mixed with Honey, and applyed to any Mem. 
ber chat hath been out. ofjoynt, and is newly fet again, doth much help to ftreng- - 
‘then it., Applyed alfoto rhe Nole, ir cureth the Difeate called Polypus, whichisa~ 
“piece of feth growing therein, which in. time foppeth the pafiage of breath — 
Through chat Noll, and it helpeth thole clefts or chops that come betiveen the 
Fingers or Toes, Croflias faithy that becaule it hath fuch rough {pots on the back- 
fide of the Leaves, ic healeth all forts of fcabs whatloever by Signature. And hete _ 
‘Amight tell Mr. Culpepper, that the Colledge of Phyhtians torbid not other Poly. 
jody, but onely preletibe that of the Oak forthe Bett, becaule: every Excrefoence 
-or Plant upon a Plant, as 2 olypody come is, doth participate of the nature _ 
‘of that Tree whereon ic growerh, And feeing that the Oaks of a more drying 
- or purging quality then any of the other Trees it commonly growes upon, theré- _ 
tore the Polypody of the Oaksis belt ; but why do Ianiwer tor the learned Col- _ 
ledge, whoaten je et for them(elves,had they thought their railing 
_Antagonift worth the taking notice of. Creeping Oak-Fern, hath: been by fone 
-Apothecaries beyond. the Sea, miftaker Polypody, to the endancetins 0 
-thole that took it; for ichath not that purging quality proper to Polypody , but a 
_ pernicious operation, Yet it is a remedy to take away hairs, as D.ofcori 
«ifthe Roots and Leaves be bruifed together, aud applyed after {weating, Adatth 
dus faith, that the Root in Powder, with a little Salt and Bran, is given to Hot 
dor : Whi erm is moderate in taftomewhat 


- Sibeonnaaart cae ‘5 “Red Whons a Leaves, 6,1 Spanith, 
Red Whort,, 7. The French, Honey Hapey ves cee Whom § "inl We si 

Candys..94Ehe lower: Ga ns bets ef > 2am 

| ~The fmall-Buth that beareth black Whorts, or Bill-berries,creepeth sida upon 
the ground, fcarce rifing halfa yard high, with divers{mall, dark, green Leaves, 
fet onthe green branches, not ab Ope another, and a little dented a= _ 
bout the edges: At the foot o {mall, hollow,pale! blufh 
coloured Flowers, the brims ending i in five points, with a reddifh thred in rhe 
middle, which pafle into {mall ro got of the bignefs and colour of Funi- 
per-Berries;but of a Purple tamtthe juyce a eae. 4 Purplifh 
colour, to the hands and lips of ‘them,chat handle c them, efpecially,if itor, 
break chem,containing within them divers malt ee .TheRoot 
under the furface of the ground, shooting forth in {undry places as it cee 
T his iofech its Leaves, in AS echt a the red kind retaineth them, — 

Uswr2s cseation agate) ame + ‘ss 

; and York-fhire, on ‘the Hills, &c, The'reft ¢ Stow in pcre 
Bavaria,and amcxy, and in other Countries alfo. The fixth, Clu fies found in! 


Spain, The feaventh groweth as Lobel faith, oneyery of the Hills i in Provence of 
France, The twolaftin Candy, They all Bower in March, and es and the 

fruit ofthe ie black, is ripe in dan, and July, the 

é ‘a nats 23 712 + ws Z + 
acti sls VT OE ag em * a vit? A 
70 Hiv Vis tg ee Se & bu VW ms itn tee iL? Be Mita sy: ae = > j3wi ‘ 

os ss pe The Temperatures... dye bliw > 

» - The Bill-bervies do cool in the fecond and do lier ‘ 
withall, Bie ; eink nde 

eo vic . 5] ts Sed ‘ 
‘ee rt er ere . nS, nea 2 » ai ~~ 
ea em | Bs - ~ rue ve 

: dS aKe A4k5 es 

_ ThelBetties afor is cca tod oe sg he ns 

__nianold Coho ith an Ole Mee a ts eae mete 
hey be eaten by hol 8.cold or weak Romack, Sp thai ofa 

. pofthem pire Cofilerve with Sagat will be mori ofodhand 
he ang ea A ‘ocured ; and be ' they: 

2 ifiOte effectual in Agues; sn 0) tees Ft Soh Livers 
sabdytoniedtnctindeee Betyponbtonen ngs and | rahe 
ofthe Berries, Painters,to colour Paper and Cards, do make a kind of 
blew colour, putting thereto fome Allome andGalls, whereby they siittmee tes 
as Sepia es teste Beto do 


168 Adam in¥den, O7,. 

a paren ra 

cellent a a Sota, by putting a little Allom. thereto, The red Whorts'are 
Aken to be more binding ; and therefore ro: beufed in ftopping Lasks, and’ Wos 
mens Courles, {pitting otblood, et other Flux of bloodjor humeurs,a5 well 

outwardly as inwardly, 

ae Tt 

PE is ~ ™ i Bn al ton P= ree: - 
— rs oe 2 ; . rs nee ¥ 
y Rng et 
C hi #2 “9 er 
id ve 6 
~§ _ 
3 b - ‘a | 
tn eb 
ne ‘ art 
2 eS. a ¥ ‘ 
t 4 

Tee ee Bap 7 and Myrrbe likes 

wife in Latine, in imitation. ofthe Greek ;-and alfo becanfe of its pleafane 
favour, being fomewhat like unto Myrrhe- Pliny faith, that fome called Apr. 
Be x his, hin the name of Sm:rnifiefa, and orhers. Myrrbas yer fome have it Smyr= 

hina Somatic LGHSER SEP Seen em Some alfo call 1t Cevefolium maguam, 
cutaria, Jikenefs of the Leaves, and of fome Conilans, We 

great Chervill, fmeat Cicely, and 


Tee eine dee ‘ri oatnaly Cavdahiaa ee Clienis ervi 
-'2, The leffer fweet Chervill. 3, Wild fweet Chervill, + Wie ree 
Ein ae Wild hormee ea wt < 

| _ Thc cxinay Garden So Cheri whichis es =i 

k Neal owe not fo high, but hach la 

feeeree ere ee a 

theParadifeopPlants. 69 

The: Temperature, 

_ Galen fSith, that Myrrhis,chat is, Sweet Cicely,is hot in the fecond decree with 
fome tenuity of poris, , : 


The Versues, 

__ The Root of the ordinary Garden [weet Chervill, boyledin the broth where- 
in flefh hath been {odden, doth cleanfe the breaft from fleem, and all corruption, 
and is very good tor fiuch as be lean. and weak, or falling 1 into. a confumption of 
the Lungs,to make chem ftrong and luity. Icis likewite: —- help the Prifick, 
if it be boyled but ia Beer: Being drunk with Wine, it provoketh Womens 
Couries, it expelleth the dead Child and Atcer-birth, and: purgech Women after 
their deliverance ; it provoketh Urine, ahd is good again(t all venomous. bitings. 
Ifthe Roor be fliced; and laidto Reep iti White-wine all night, and drunk in the 
Moining with Sugar, it wiil give che party that caketh ir chree or four tools. 
It procureth an appetite to meat, and helpeth to expell wind. - ptheianeere a 
Powder of burnt Allomy healech the Ulcers: Ulcers of the Head and Face; _ i} 

éth the Canker in the Mouth or Throat; being annointedtherewit ne 
did Roots of this Chere, are held as « tes ; 

s, as th able unto ir, tad poms a erie rellith to 
thofei ice pas Eh: the i while they are freth and green, fliced, and put a- 
other Herbs, make them raft very pleafant: the Root boyled, and eatew 
With Oyl and Virlegar, or withone Oyl pat: any ore miflike ic, dott much pleafe 
and warm a cold or old ftomack, eee with flegny or “som and pre aoa 
NE pe Ee et Pe eo caepae “se 68 ree vin 
e s tcular cafestthere ein oRen to, ; 
Sip the Hess, Dbiebis the: fir? thing ina Sr ts : nse aba 
dies : ys the wel-fare whereof, the welfare of all other pars depends, ard A ther 
pecially tobe provided for, fo that I hall: tee upalittle Regiment of Simples 
seid fromthof{e poyfonous enemies, which ale ae aule i 
beret Microcofme, And | ball be} gelicay: 

alge he tie 

17a ddamin Eden, Or, 
. eee | The Kinds, 

: Former times beer but two forts Loreal. ‘but now there are fiend outtwvo 
more, 1.Garden Angelica, 2. Wild Angeli . 3. Mountaine Wild Angles t, 
The, ereat Water paetageics : : 

‘The Forks, 

| *° the Garden Angelica ath Mees large and fair ipread and winged ‘alae 
a yard long or betcer fometimes, made of many great and broad ones, fet uft- 
ally one againit another ona middle rib, of apale but frefh green Colour, and 
cented about the. edges,from among which ufually riferh but one round hollow - 
ftalk being very thick, and four or five foot high, with divers ¢ eat joyntsand _ 
Leaves fet on chem, whole foot-ftalks do compaffe the main ftal acthebotrom, — 
and trom thence alfo cowards the top, ceme forth branches with rhe like, but 
Jeffer Leaves at, them,and at their tops large,round,pread umbels of white flow- 
ers « after which cometh the feed whichis fomewhat flac, thick , fhort,. and 

‘  whitith, nwo alwayes {ec together, asis uluall in all hele umbelliferous planes; 
and alittle crefted on che round feed; theroot groweth great and wooddy,when 
ic flowreth, with many great long btairches to it, but perifherh after feed, which 
{uffered to fall of its awn accord,will more certainly grow,then chat wn 

is gathered and {own Shoe aha arher times ete 


Seiten teen rheseete Do te Roce et Be pape 

_ upon which it groweth. ss sig lenty in Norw. 5» and in an. 
tt =— iceland, poly it mec ve igh andiseten of thofe cht | 
> : | ae food bark being pilled off. - a 
German) and elpcall of Bohemia 
mrnsceo ene Kent, and neer K, 

The hon: panei aacireld ma mouneains 

orlicighjczity that of sf che Garden i hot Cat aif ic in the ee 
and sb clicks in the third degree; howfoever it openeth, oman or maketh 
thin,di igefieti ocureth weit te plane both Leaf, oer ‘ 
, picalanticent,and taft very comfortable, being not fierce 

et, and gt ame dele delicate relifh when irs caft or 

the Paradile of Pinas ae 

ae the root < alone in Carduus or Angelica water,and {weat thereupon,it retittetia 
poyion by defending the Heart, the bidodiand {pirirs ; and giveth heat and Com- 
tort ro chem, andit © doth the like again{tche Plague and Infection of the Pei.i- 
jence,atid fo do the ftalks or roots: candyed, and eaten fal ing at fuich times, and ais 
fo at other times to-warme and Comiort a cold and ol@giomack, 
alfo fteeped in Vineg, ary: anda lictle of that Vinegar taker @ecimes fafting, and 
es {melled unto, are both good Prefervarives alio for the fame pur- 
pote. ‘water diftilled: ‘Sone the Root fimply, or fieeped. in Wine 
_and ditilled. in glaffe is much more effectuall then che water of 
gla and this, water drunk -two or three fpoonfills at atime, eafeth all 
paines and torments, coming of ‘Coldand Wind, foas the body be not bound ; 
: sactfoni: te roe in 1S vont a Deginnit ry helpeth the Pleurifie,aiid 
all other difeates of che Lungs and Breaft, as Coughs, Philick, and Shortnefle of 
eath; anda Syrup of the talks doth the like.” Tt helperh likewife thetor- 
| the Strangury, atid ftoppingof the Uri, procureth wo- 
ns fterbirth the obftructions ot theLiverand . 
fpleen a3 and ‘briefly eafeth and dicufith all > chard mors » and: weit, 

before the. fit come, will in two or’ 

helps digeftion and isa remedy fora furfit. 

pope the: Or earesy. helps. d 
zat ai tog Ss 3 

ed with the Gout or Sciatica, doch cide a gears 

Leaves boyled in Beer, or put therein upon ; 
wholfom,. aa veth thereunto a moft excellent relith. ” “The decoétion re 

congealed blood ftrengtheneth the ftomack &¢ is effectu- 
all for the Suffocation of the Mucher, ‘The roor raken dry or drunk inany Li 
quor, will abate the rage of Luft im young perfons: “The root being ufe 

ereen,helpeth fuch as be Short-windedjand thofe that are troubled with Qufings 
aria ‘The Wild de vake “papeieininetl. «The c00: 
: r be 1 es aforelaid. The root 

‘ ~ 

; fayyit te cslbos Crveag Stoo oung : 
forthe love of Smilax, was turne ; 

Becaw(e' it ficft paveth forthe Flowers a 

em co oo The Kind, 

wre There being b one kind of the true manured gis: I fhall put Site five 
he Sommion wild forts Ne Wild Saffron flowring early with an 

ower. 2.Wild, yellow, Spring Saffron. - 3.. Broad leaved _ 
itha Purple flower. 4, Autumne Wild siete vad 
#3 5s. “—_ Wil sation, ) 


he shanncedkrede Sefton, hashes Cleeve Git sng oucofe the cpowminledy 

yy Fileth up its long 

it once, the Srietasll nee End and bale 
« {mall ble Leaves, tending to Purple,haying 
yellow ftrings or threds , amoneft F which are wait 
: hives, ofa fiery colour, Tomsemtiec reddifh,ofa trong. 
en pm ary wl Alle cis risa ss.) 
“9 they will make it very yellow, : 

The Places and Times, = Pe nt as we 
aich,cha heretofore the belt Saffrox , ¢ crew y-upon thes fou 
he andreas chas-spce. Op 

) ipus a. Mountaine in Lycia ; but 

hath beer nag es 

| neni ae which 
feldom bearing Flower z pent 
reson The Flower confifte 

ufter ot Puts a7 the place cin abseae 1¢reo 
were brought {ome out of /ta/y, and fon Bee giieehe ni nS - 
vetnolour Levies Gonlens: they Blower for the aol Sar arene ad Fee 
breary; but that with Flowers, groweth upon cerraine ine craggy Rocks, ix Portugal 
not far from the Sea fide, Wie ee a € over into England allo, “and 
aero ae | 

_ licked : et i 

TheTe ™ ragire, 5 


Safi icltingeneorbindng but his h 1 th Ecole 
in it, thatin the whole effence itis int m Segal ope 

of thofe herbes which are hot 
= eek. alfo a certain forceto 

over merry, we have a Proverb Dormivit ix [acco Crocis He bath flept is ina a bag ge of 
Saffron. expells Venemous Vapors from the Heatt , and theretore i is very uie- 
fuil in rhe Plague, Peftilence, and {mall a tirengthneth che ftomack , prefervs 
the Encralls, helpeth Concoctionandnatutailheac ; Itis called by fome dnina 
Pulmonum, becauie it is very prc for the ungs , andthe Confumption 
thereof, as alfo for the fhortneffe of breath. Ii is likewile very proficabie or 
the Head, Stomach, Spleen, Bladder, W. Se ere 1, Vical and Nacurall Spirits, ' 
pptyersgct cater ares and nerves ae ie argregee lea 

ok te Me ee 

that place which would otherwilebe be ha Ly 

zatded. It is ufedags 5 Hawke di ) 
denicneibeiiieiae peaanney bitte! aineeds ahd | put into ad ey Eare 
| rooll in fome ofit; and put it incothe Bares, It killeth the 
Icch, andis.uied in pultifies for the Macrix and Fundament., to eafe the: paine 
ce and alfo for old’ Swellings,and Aches. Too pit ofit S paulen i ha 

dech the Brain and Senies, brings dr 

3 eterno aS 

three a Aek AS beeper tye ea ita 
b Pte st SORES bee sete lS dee E2Tt SS oF PETS 

174 At am mn i eden, On, : 
+ 7" — : < 
path Ao Beast 4s & Csr. 92 1270 . 
2. : 78) i wr : Ties : i } i ? uit 
“ JraiN ie & et Sees e , 3 a! 
Henry Cotas oe iG! OPES a § oe Ras 
TO; 3 t2¥ sae wo eal LIES a r. ig ad 

“a rise ihe Giceks ares Basypa sb badindii es Anim, iat a 
‘Be ye mirth. «~ Apaleius id , that Byglofum (me: ning our ‘Bae 
aig called by th of Luca, Corrage, quod cords Affettibis mederur, hee 
eae caat which by the alteration’ of one letter is Borragoy 
ame It ate fed came the Baile ctu which is not See a 

ea ae 3 tee 

Rad of Bait aah fo called, tfind rete” ae Cc Bora 
blew Flowers ; 2. Garden Borage with white Flowers ;_ 3 Ts 
4. oral ein: atte ay Small wild anit <S nS 

bet aes ee 
Flowers afl at once, 
ee t very 8 Derails itlateth — 
mWithonr Fi Flowers, buds pcos 

The yf goin mot Oat, and and there | 
ace fown; the the fecond and thied are not fo common,yet livers Gardens 
- Colyn eth aft rie, heat Gray a Ei Thefnni eae 

I J Conner sand profpereth well in the Phyfick-Garden at Oxford; 
they doll Flour in the moneths Joos and Jaiysexcepe the Creeping Beragty 
which Lobel faith fowzech both in the'Spring in Auguft,and their feeddoth — 

“Tipen quickly after, both ripe feed & Flowers crssmay at one time be gathered from — 
many of = 


| The Temperature, 

Tic Watien biidVigc tspcmssan accounted rather hot, and moift ince 
firft degree then cold, and yet Sr Sete oem oe 2 
other a 

_ The Leaves, Flaweck facd Sei oF, yall, or cicheeat chet are wely Cole” ‘ 

and helpe to, ——— and oe oe without our mani 

= the ParadifeofPlants. 75 

caule, whereof came the faying Ego Borrago cand: a femper ago:I Bo. rage bring all~ 
_-waies Courage. It helpeth alio co theibloog, 1s to very good purpole, uled 
jn all putrid or Peftilentiall Feavers to defend the Heart, and to help to relitt and 
‘expel ie ee of orhet) Creatures, 9/ ti 

prévailet — t os, oe 

roche bane fie The Con erve made Flowers,orthe F ee 
are helping alfo in thofe caules, but are chicfely uted Seacatdall ‘ wee po i 
thofe that have been long fickor ina Conlumption, to comfort the Heart and 
a IES 5, pave good for iE that are. seeied With often wr or 
or any 4 waterisavailable sintcinAamibasi 
or ae wath and gargleit mica ie “tg el ‘and 
| the Flowers oa them are frequently: ut he. ? 
or Beere ; for the comforting the Hi 
_ Syrup made ofthe Juice of B orage.a 
Beart-ae of a Hast 

= thd Is very neere the property of Vi ers: Buel 
little from what hath been already faid of Borage Pipe =: nf 

hereafter. : 4 


rie peep 

_/ ee Scie se 

Schon chiokeiceo be derieeddet Roserig co aap to fapiter: rapes 
previaelr Pl beceini one oh fet heehee The Latines call — 
itViola Martiajand HerbaV vo a - 
alert Pash : asalfo 

¥ $s of - mat 
lets. 10, WildVielens It, 1 Gaiden Bates, I2. Wild P 
at : Gg ie, The 

Hn akan, 5 Or 

cS OTN eet 

ion ofthe ondinacie Garde: Violers being needleffe ,. Lhall fet 

: ofthe uprigh t Violet which groweth a foot-high or neere upon, with 
hard upright ftalkes which yet bend down againe their tops , having two Leaves 
fomwhat roundyfet at ech joynt- but longer and more dented about the edges 
patti: g crermares at which joynts with the Leaves , on both ie ie 
2s.commet!| ea and more f open then 

fye ot aa h coleuns¢lmnotte fives as the Vos : 
ithe — 

Rf tect ne ie ek ad gon eae 

re, the fixth was found in Spaine by 
| Dr. Mera, The Eight came seen mg 
Wiiers; rca labtetan (ore feldcandin fichas Ley, Of Os 
ther fields. The Violets Flower in. February | Atarch ; siulaesaeee ie 
tier eiomeachan on 5 Sitios Shatol =<19emee 
The Taperasies iit 9830 oh: Ge 

s Imma ano eit Wild kind atecold and mois _ a 

“The Flowers of Violets age he me Sage are racked eg a 
Cordiall Flowers, and are much ufed in Cordiall drinks, powders. and other Me 
dicines efpecially where cooling Cordialls as Rofes and Saunders are ufed. bes on 
ahnledcoenele ony hate tee oer ch Body either inwardh 
wardly in the Inflammation of theE ouhan mei 
are fallen down, andare full of paine, : 
ser “oh decoétion ~ the eae 
_ app pultis wife ro 
= EB nes are caufed through ¥ 

Sie eee ee 
heat fo ofthe Urine , and he harpnef pe ad : 

- Wine colour, soc, ¥ Violets een ade up with honey do more 

oe i a 

the Paradife of Plants. “177 

The Leaves of Viblecs are ‘ited in cooling Plaifters, Oyls, Cataplafns > or Pulri- 
»  fes, andare of great efficacy among 2 other ees as Mercury, rasan &c. to 
be put in Cite 

vay ge nf If Straw-berries. BS Mebane 

= He whélé- PEintis eatted Frag Iida eg Berries F 4, fate 

t ragrantia.ddoris, o gustas ; for ic hath no certain ciara ap 

‘theré are fone which think it to be AdJos idaéa thar is, Rubus I, tie? 

 becauife’it hathno prickles, which inion Fuchfius Gi! is nocto be. 
hetsited: Others fay, that they called it x§uapoy, b. ante of the likene(s of the fruit, 
with that of the Tree-Strawberry. Servis calleth them; Mora terre Frit, Ground 
Stiegl so ct oma fe tha 5. 

oak id 


: ‘ ee | 
ea ae 

SiO? iO rg 

a “thet With any more then fix forts of Se poe 1, Red, 

ries. 2,1 Whice Straw-berries,3.Small Scraw-berries, with hard Leayes, , 

. on i “berries. 5. Dwarf rp Heabiwass 6; Barren or BPO HD, scebe. 

° cus t 7, : s- 4 ign 7 Bis ery" Ps 

lohan ech 
: te Bom andeth at 

The two fit gros in 3 | ie 
the Woods, where they ae 

come far oreater, The three next grow upon divers oF the Alps ane ca r place 
Ot Germany. The lattisto. Teves a De eee and 
Field fides, near unto then in Corrwall, as Lobel faith, and - ( 
‘Hey fower in (May, or thereabouts moit commonly, andare. 
nay Beg PR Michaela po a 

78° “Adami in "Eden, Or, 

a ae ee pi ee curate 

The 1 emperature, 

The Leaves of them are conling in the firfe Degree, and yet fome fay, che are 
hot and drying in the iecond, the Root is more drying and binding: the Berries, 

wai.e they are green, ate coldanddry, but when they are ripe, they are cold and. 

ey The Vatas and Signature, 

‘The water of the Berries carefully diftiiled, is a foveraign remedy and Cerdi- — 
allin che pa! pitations of the heart, that is, the panting and beating of theheart, 
and is good ior the over-flowing of the Gall, which canfeth the yei “Low Jaundite. 
The Berries themfelves are excellent good the Liver, tue Biood and - 

Spieen, or an = Sak toee ftomach, to refrefh and comfort the fainting Spirits, 
and co. quehc They are gooda.{ for other: Inflammations ; yet ; 
-yethrone bec or rather to refrain them in a Feayer, lealt et 

tritying in ch | eafe the Fits, and make chemo be the ore 
fier.e. The Leaves: boy.ed in W ne and W te i . 
wrilc\oal theives sal bined: eaeladeye the Reins. a 

Bladder provok<th Lisine, ano allayeth the eg and fharpnels thereof : the Jame, 
allo bein, drunk, ftayeth the Bloody Flux,and Womens Courfes,and he)peth 
fiveliings ot the Sp een, The Juyce dropped into foul Ulcers, or t a a wath 

therewith or with the decoétion of the Herb and Root,doth wonderfuliy cleanfe 

tess and. be meee cure them. ae Lotions and Gargles that are made for {ore 
ula in, or in the | 

ropeaiecliicand ped idaincd Byes 
edhe re 


Driv parts, Or -el!e-where, are made with the | : 
od ee to Falte, 2. loofe Teeth, and to. a eS 

opped into them, of ge 
they bathed therewith : che faid ; | juyce or water; is alfo of exceilene property for 

~ ‘e y “ _ 7 CE A mama 
%, ‘ 
* ‘4 1. 
z —_ ‘ As 3 : 

CHAP. xa | 
Of We ood-Sorrel. 
The Names, + deta 2 . 

rp ie attain cha *OBds: fom the fharp'eal that ieisebsin 
| A cctofm, and of fome: Panis Cucnlé Cxckow-bread ci 

owes delight to. feed thereon 5: or that i itbeginnett 
s alied bi = Apothecaties in cheit 
rene ite ja and Lujula, the one as fone a eC cafe i it was found i in #Piok 


caine om 
5 ee Wiel. doves Sabene, and Sorrdl ds bas eis 

“Fhe common Wood-Sorrel groweth low upon the ground, withois aiiy alle 
fifing from it, hath a oe or r Leaves comming from on nha res of # chiee 

sey beste [ sti uf raph PF ABS - PT GS Bit pe > < 
tie ee es isto eth rc vat eads, with {mall yeilow1fh Seeds in chem 
ns of a yellow h colour not perifhi 
oe Lats thseonin the Wine (Fa ced 

‘The Places and Times se | 

00x Siaperstiews nea eo Fa swedyand is 
ces that are not too much open to the Sun, yet it 
bytho ¢ Herb-women, that gather i : 

ao filam = den, Or) : 
| be. Tempers ature. =< Ea 
Eapeee is as the aches Sorel ¥ cold and we in the fecond Desee 
SOE “BT | 

The — wa? tie. 

* Ree 

Ll for, thet faid ia defending i it trom the Dig ; 
e thar aes ceaze thereon ; and. allo by< coo 5 

ry Mh wy 
od,and Ulcers s of the be & gc a i 

ao ee 

imott iin ar. a any. ous or ilentiall Feaver. Of — 

ois: — cette yhex gee slants ae made, a sainey fing ‘Syrup, 

Herb sl. 

help chem : the {ame juyce takeni into the cing Pe fees pia rae fome 

rime, .and after {pit forth, and freth taken, will. wonderfully help a ftinking foul — 

Canker, or Ulcer therein, It is alfo' fingular eood iit Wounds, Pundtores, thr 

1s INTO Coles to sy the bleeding o, “and to’ cleanfe and heal the won 
and gore fay. any | hot SARS or ie bpont 

$ ¥iOK ne 

* Say $s Suh a : er sire te ae 

: On OwS9 pws tio LT bh Wi Oe 
< tea tesa elas. ae Aoi 

tisteve Pek 31 OFO: 5 ai MERON TSS Ft:10.05 9 


“igeege Cibegoub wil Ci Cece 
| rum , trom the pleature thae Bees take int 2 
ang Adel fJophyllum.o} the eft sit ai oon ie Fes, We in Engl Le 

fe es The Kinds, =F. ; 
‘ sthe Ordinary Ranta tig elle geoerecn' in our Gardens, iereate | 
oF hoe gree ng Saipan 2. TarkyBanlm, witha 
ae ae Banlin i Packie 

and a hitch ented oun 
etme comming 1 

~~ the Paradife of Plants. 18% 

toa Citron ora Lemmon, the Flowers are {mall and Siping; growing at the tops 

of the ftaiks, of a pale Carnation colour, almoft white: the Roots fatten them- 
{elves ftrongly in the ground, and endure lone, the leaves and ftalks dying down 
yearly. : . 

The Places and Time, 

The firit groweth no whefe but in Gardens : the two next grow naturally in 
Moldavia, whichis under the Txrkifh Dominion. The third at the foot of 
divers Hiils, both in Germany and Warbone in F ravse.The tourth and fifth in Sy- 
ria, as their Titles do declare, Th@three fir, foyer fomewhat earlier in the 
Summer, then the two Afyrias kinds, which flower very feldom before the 
middle of Ang »{o chat it hardly giveth any good Seed, alehough the two fors 

V4 me t of OMIT YY yy At 
The Temperature, — Dk os ” q 

€ Dil ¢h 40 

: eva Tee iP tin te foc > atin 
Balm is how and dry in the fecond degree, having allo 2 purgitig quality theses 
in, with fome tenuity of parts, ere 5 mots foc: ryref 03 

6 The Signature and Vertuet,: pad Aa OO sees, HY. 
The Leaves of this Herb have alfo the Signature of the Heart; and accordingly 
it is very much commended for the paffions of the heart, For Serapio faith, it is 
the property of Baxlm,to caule the mindjand the heart to, become Merry, t6 ‘te- 
vive the fainting heart falling into Swoonings, to ftrengthem the weaknels of the 
Spirits and Heart, and to comfore them;e/pecially,fuch who are troubled in their 
fleep, to drive away.all troublefome cares and thoughts out of the mind,wheeher 
thote paffions arife trom melancholy, Or burnt ‘flegme,y which Avicen alfo con- 
fone It is good foracold{tomach, to help digeftion, andto open the ob- 
ftrnétion of the Brain : as alfo among other things. for the Plague, the water 
thereof, bur efpecially, the Conferve of the Flowers being ufed. It provokerh 
Womens Courtes, helpeth a finking breath, and is good for the rifing of thé Mo- — 
ther.A Decoction of Baw/m made inl Wine.and drank,is good againit Venom and 
Poyton, helpech the griping pains of the Belly, and is good for them that cannot 
take their breath, uniets they hold their necks upright, being taken in a Lohock, 
or licking Eleétuary. The Syrup of Baslm is likewile a good Cordiall, and fireng- 
theneth the heart and ftomach, refiftech Melancholy, and is very profitable. in 
_ burning and contagious Feavers,, A Caydle made with the juyce hereof, while 
it is young:together, with Egys,and fome Rose-warer ahd Sugar put thereto, is of- 
ten given roWomen in Child-bed,when theAfter-birth is nor throughly avoideds 

and for their faintings upon, or aftertheir fore Travels, The Herb’ brnifed-and 
boyledin a lictle Wine and Oyl, and laid warm ona 29 > Will ripen and break 

fwellings in the flefh or 

ic, wed with Salt, ic taketh away Wetis, Kernels, or har 

or fit in; ro 
fo towafh: 

rto Oyls or Salves, ro heal g 
keep Bees, to have this He 

Foals aly bape OE metho be aw others 5 
ymca den st ame pare iehh: i 

r ae OF Fe be » 
aie pe Js 

they love ery 

way! gUsrosscLw pay 
Yo-s068 ‘oe % ae 1df 
“<2 nbditst bets dame 9/7! 

ont fil qettux serlwernc: 

" fe: 

> Tish i etainly in eet int dete tipocrisbs cane eae ne 
think it to be xeveds@euer;but I chink thatname doth more properly belong 
ionic te Late chong che that Nea brewed Hh a colout y | 
to flower iit abieey 7 [Caleedsofore?uniecedl nd 

alfo. Of {one Caltha, and Caltha Poetarum, whereof Colymella and Vi ret ae 
write, Iris ene to be Gromphena PliniiIn Englith, Ma eee 


t raidlt ible’ ye yout with 3 
chat > 

The Flower of the Afarigeld is of ane pated almoft in. ssid fecond De- 
gree; efpecially when itis dryed, ‘ 

The Vertnes and Signature, 

The Flowers of Matig ds, comtor ‘ftrengthen the Heart exceeding! 

provoke fiear and Womens Cou S, ahd e: pell the After-birth, idtecsinee 
fon atid Venery, are good in peltilent and contagiow pPesverssasaito inthe: Jan. 
dije, afd are very expulfive, and little lefle effeétuall in | agp oe 
Meazles, then Saitron. The Conferve made of the: Loy ker : 
Peftilence, when the Air is corrupted. The Flowets: her grec n or dryed, aré 
uled much in Poffets,Broths, and Drinks, as 2 comforter of the Heart and Spirits, 
and co expell any Malignant or Peftilentiall quality, thar si nnhoy them, ef> - 

cially amongit the Dutch, where they are foldb the penny: hel 
a cheweaiicach, the pained Tooth beste Ws b Lies # 

rubbed therewith, ir cakerh them away. eatin 3 
any hor {welling bathed with is, in Ranchy: ~ 
made of the Bee Flower nF o) Ds. 

‘ efilentiall, or not *Petiletriall A eines! of the Decoétion uled hor, ee 
pa the Secondine of After-birth. Thé jiyce dropped into the Ears, 
killeth Worms, The diflilled water is good for many of the purpoles aforelaid, 
and alfo helpeth red and watery a being gushes mci tic St doch b y 
pigogrite, as Crollins faich, | . 


Of Swallow-ort: 

> Tis called in Greeké doxaymide, ab A fculapio, sefinlain thar 
“mous Doétor of Phyfick, whom the Grisks called Aczanzias. é Baftar 
Names it hath alfo, as wootoy , quale Hedernla, and xeocdqudar, quafi f 
folium, the form of the Leaves being like unto Ivy. Rwellixs calleth ic Hedi i 
ralisin Latine, but it is better known by the Names of A(clepras, and Vinee- 

—-toxicum; which laft is a generall word for any Councer-poyfon , ipa 

Vince, to dtc oxi¢um Po on: ‘Te was: anci€ 

ye am inEden, Or, 

‘The Kinds, 

“There be onl three Sorts of Swallow-wortt, that I can find, 1. Swallow-wort 
with white lowe. 2. Swallow-wort with black esehine 3. Swallow-wort 

of Candy. 

The ae ; 

leaves a piece,o a ang eres ape oe | 
ye, and: and jefleto t; wherein by fmall Sane 
peta sponge of white filken va which when the pod is ri ripe, open- 
eth of ic felfe , and fheddeth both feed and cotron upon the ground, if it be nor 
carefully gathered: the roots are a great buth of ‘many white frings faftned r 
ther at the hea 2 liielling fomewhat frong while they are othe green. _ 
t when they are dryed ; both leaves and ftalkes dye down every 
ind rifea new SI feb s cic Ft coueg 

- ‘The Places aad Time, = 

One or two if not all of chefe forts grow in the Phyfick Garden at Oxford; “a 
as for their nacurall places, che two fir grow in rough untilled places andon 
Mountaines in divers ‘places , both in Fraxce about 7 Narbone, Mar{cilles,at nd” 

fer, andin Italy alfo, and. in other places. 7 the -laft ow in Candy whence 
‘the feed came, which being fowne , groweth wi hus, The ‘ait flower inthe 
no Spare and fomtimes not till Augs/ edie 

nations ae 7 

ywder Big ic cg helen ers os asanle or oc 

tual ag the paflions of the heart, and ifa few ) 

with _ acta Seer eet ic eafeth all che gri Bae 
Iris likewile effectually given. to any that are bitcen by 

| tor other Creature ; as alfo ag he 

: Eicedytcoter ‘Te is taken alfo in Wine every 
t Peffilence. The decoStion ofthe rootes made with i 

“the Paradileo, Plans. “385 

ken i 2 divers 5 dayes together »a eond ‘draught at a time and {weating 2 prefently 

thereupon cureth the Droplj Ys the fame alia heipeth the Jaundife, provoketh U- 

rine, and eafeth the Cough, and all deteéts of che Cheft and Lungs. The. pow- 

der of the Rootes taken with Peony feed 15° good againtt the Falling fickneffle, or- 
what Bafil {eedor the rind of Pome Citrons,is 2ood againit Mel: ly, Taken 

with theroots of Wiute or Baftard Ditrany. it killech and expeliech the: “ehara 

ofthe Maw and Belly. The rootesare very effectually afed with ocher: 

Bathes, made for women to fit over ealeall paines ofthe Mother, and: Ghie 

down aaa ca eye sm: tion Tikewite of the:Roots: hereof,’ and: of 

Birbwers and may ately be ufed in ee a ES, 
fuch | thereot; . eunel deat 3 >The. ena 
boyled and made intoa ultis, & app plyed to the hard tumors or en of wo- 
mens Breafts,.cureth bee em {peedily; as.alfofuch evil fores, as happen in the 
Matrix : although they be inveterate or facd to eu The Down that is 
found in theCods. of thefe herbs, dot | 
Pillows, or the lke than chiftle de 
ae age 1 


- Ets Hearb be ie dakesen costa Acie: Sa beestan no 
| in Latin, itis ufually called Galega or Ruta Capraria.. F : 
found it, and the vertues, gave that Name of Rwe thereunto, as finding 

it no leffe effe€tuall then the Bet Sat goes: decaufeit is good for 
Goates, Somme Grelgees tes foe aas Fracaftorius, and of 
4 ee Gentes 


* af Sala all an nfail@ s Rue fendeth: 
three or oe foot high whereon peter viel 
wingec ves, that. is, ‘many Leaves: fee : 
pie are imal], yet fomewhat broad and lon; 
e Edges without afy dents, fomewhat 11 
apne Colour Scie at rT 

or = or Snaoemea three, ¢ 

Vetch, ‘The root is white and wooddy, fpreading well. 
Bierce See "Hha 


356d nen, OF 

The Places and Time, 

The firtt scsi in divers Gardens of this Land, as in the Phyfick Gardens fo 
often mentioned, and very plentifully ina Garden at Se, Albans, not farr from 
the Prion, fometimes in oe of Dr. Arris, who was agreat admiter 
of the fame for its Cordia) vertues.It groweth Naturally by the way tides of moift 
fields, and. Meadows, ,bethin Italy, Savoy, and other places, and hathalfo 
bin foundfome years fincein the Meadows by Linton, i in Cambridgefhire. The 
other is faid onelyto grow upon the tops of mountaines, They flower in o- . 

endof Tne so aly and che feeds ripe in Angef. 

The Temperatures, 


- Goaes Bacis fideo be of ‘4mean Temperaare beereen nasand cold.» 

There sae ny Pie nears eta agmeeoee cae from Patpicati 
ons, tremblings , and fownings, and againft | Melancholicke Vapours Opprelling 
it, then Goates Rue, which 1s a great Prefervative alio againft the bitings or { 
of-any ven¢mous Creatures: yea thole /talians, (as Pesa and Lobel {ay ) ee 

_ others, tl eevee Veco, will ufe it rather then the Beaft-Treacle todes _ 
he s from being bitren or frang by them, orto preferve them from 
= a, andt tinwally, as other Hearbs in Salles, 

he =. Ses "eis likewife very powerfull againft 
any poyion taken oon eliilence or any infeStions or peftilentious — 
Fever or diieafes, that break for forth into {pots or marks; asthe Meafells, Pur 
ples, and the Small-Pox, in all which it is admirable both to Preferve from in- 
fection, and cure thofe that are infected, tocake every morning {ome of the 
juyce thereof, as alfo to eat the Hearb it felf every morning faffing’: but it will 
be the more effectuall, if rhe juyce be taken with a little good Treacle, andfome | 
 Tormentill Roots in powder, mixed with Cardums Benediétus water, or with 
- fome Vinegar and fine Bolearmonick and Treakle in the {aid Water,and prefent- 
: peo feat. civo houres thereupon, which ic caufeth in fome fort it felf, A {poon- 

full of the juny: given in a morning | very effectua'l to kill the wormes 
an Children orthe Hearb it felf, fryed Oyl of bitter Almonds, and 

Jaid hot ur the Navill ; asalfo. tohelp the Falling-Sickneffe before ic grow 
regina them, Itis very p profitably applyed to the belly, pained with 
Of tf Silane obese ic pechey bs brats hantene ster eae 3 

plaow ey be broken, iceither difperfeth them, 

nila: ine, mae oe 
sabre aide ad fine ule torsoness Ove OF 
by often repetitions of infufion, ro annoint 
the pl lfeis felt ; as alio the region of the heart, 
» and danger of infe&tion cis no leffe 

the ParadifeofPlams. 584 


_ Of Vipers-Groffe: 

The Names 

T ip Seals wid tie "Venice ‘erect Sccuvbeed; but of bike digei 2 4 
Mauritanian bondflave,who hope divers that were bitten of that Venemous 
Beatt, ( or Viper as it is called by others, which they of Catalonia, where 
they breed in abundance, call in their Language Efeuerfos, from whence 
Scorzonerais derived, ) withthe juyce of this Herb, and the root giventhem 
to-eate, which both tookaway the : , and healed the bicten place very © 
quickly, when Treacle and other things would do no good : which ever Gnce 
hath grown in eftimation both againft Venome and other difeafés alfo; It is call- 
ed in Lattin Viper aria, Viperina, ox Serpentaria, bur mott Commonly Scorze- | 
nera, heey Be name is generally ae y all ations, Wein] fhcallit — 
Scorzonera and Peel ¢ rs 

sraffe, 24 DW srafle, 3. Spas grafle, 4, Dwarfe Span- 
pers orafle, 5. The creater Hungarian broad leafed Vipers erafle, 6. The 
arfe Hungarian Vipers craffe, 7. The {mall Hungarian Vipers grafle, 8. 
Purple Vipers graffe, 9. Tall pecseyher)7 g sh doe 10, Vipers 
erafie of Selaveny. . 

ie tof the Vipers ai hathifobe broad ladies fc rfl bo dune 
even about the edges, reas bal with an high rib down che middle 
and of ah Overwornereen colour, tending to that of Woad, amonett which 
rifeth up a ftiffe ftalk, {mooth and plathe, of two cubits high, whereon do crow 
os leaves as aoe, next the Be The flowers ft on the to 
mnfifting of many ‘eat ow, leaves 

out, white within 
the Goates-bi 

‘The Places idan ° 
Many of the Sorts aforefaid are to be foutid in the Gardens of orte Piya) 

ahd Apothecaries who know the worth of them, as alfo in the Phyfick Gz 
yo inserter ater rey seg ta Se, The Thirdand Fon 

as their titles do declare, The fifth in many places of Germany. 
aoe. The Sith on the hn sdenin Germany. .The 

m in Eden, Or, 

s a fi he. “foe 9 ee 
Vipers-Graffe is thought not to o exceed the firkt Degree of heat and moyfure, 

which are the eo ait qualit at 
See "The Vertes ani Signature, 
The water of this Herb didilled i in Glaffes, or the Root ic felt taken,is good a- 
ithe hearryand allo again{t iwounmes,iadiels 

melancholy: : the fame alio isa prefent remiedy againit ali contayions Fea- 
overs porby aig fweat; the: selena esapnantes: and the fick perion rel 
fatiing, or the. jaid water drunk for 
ch open the objiructions of the Liyer,Spieen, and other inward 
win Womens Courtes, and to eatethe tuftoca- 
; for in thos € teortibine one 

che paffiohs and 
ROE: pees taken 

wa ifhes saa rbent, Monardus, ain whom the nc 
lede “it was found out, andthewle 

thirty ye faith, that the Roots.of chofe in Spain 
what ikea Par may be-eaten inthe fame manner. He 

sich nem, rit hereof, whether shes beets chy or condited, asalfo the 
eS) Or with any other Cordiall or Counter-_ 

: of that venomous se en Efcuer et e | 

the Viper, p andl oh | 

juyce of the Herb taken by themfely 
y help the bitin; 

i ae 
: Seen 

ome Citron-Tree. 

Grech ae, chats oo Mee 
» it came from Afedia and Perfsy 
) some call ik allengdal AB 

Corio, Prelit — ” ec 

the Paradife of Plants. ‘18g 
forts differ a a firft, both in the Tree and Fruit, and therefore have adiffe- 
rent name for the Tree: is called Limoera, and the Fruit Limones, 

The Kinds; 

ae Sehaitalei Limerones, dent be fixforts. 1. The 
Porne-Cirron-Tree. 2: The lefler Pome-Citron-Tree. 3. Big-bellied; or ble 
Cirrons. 4. Sweet Limoonzs, or imeronas. eeprom 
roams nerones; os Bere 

The grester Crh Tete Fh not ve 
_Tie geet Cr yet in others, not 
fpreading undry great long tong Arms and Branches, fet with 
and fair, large, and broad freth green Leaves, a lircle dente 
~ Smooth, and {weet of {mell: The Flowers grow at the Leaves ; 
Branches, being {omewhat longer then rhofe “ofthe Orange, 1 
whitith purple, orbluth Leaves, with fomethreds in che mic 
all the year long followeth fruit ; for Lies secon 

y* ha le, ah or eon Seeds, with a bitter Kernel lying therein’ The 
pasa ay ches anne very ftrong, but very comfortable to the fenless 7 

3 os Places and Times 

in Spain, wit sch thole "hale 3 
n fundry places abroad, and the laft comp ‘f Farin : 

The Tt emperarire, 2 

Jalen maket Peet Tare st sere CMaribislud wai cas by di- 
gerting his intent fo the pee ome en ee ei 
dry in the fecond: the B: Ri: d, hot in the firft, and dry in the end of the 
fecond Degree: dic ines aire a between the outer Bark and the 
imner juyce. hore gts ae ret <i ag Ribeesen | 


The Sigh sidan 3 

Se hoyfon Sih eae Plaenes teak other 1 nfection i dpridess og 
Which hach a avery aromaticall cnn bitter talt, be dryed ara 

| Sgemeth and comforteth acold or windy fomach , mightily 

one ; obese and is gt od. 
Rinds with Sugar, are wled 
gall manner, yet are they often wiedin Sordial 

iano: sme 

en in _ = ee 

d en, Or, 

: vitae Fe sci 50 A 


gainit EN a Smcteeaal ae he Difeafes aforefaid. I alfo he helpeth 
to loofen the Body, and therefore theres a folutive Eleéiuary made thereof, call... 
ed Elettuarium de Citro folutivum, ro evacuate the Bodies of tholé that are ofa 
-coldand flegmarick conftitution, ard may, alfo be fafely uled, where Choleris 
intermixed with Flegm < thes hire Rind 

of the Fruir is almoft unfayo- 
any manner of Phyfick ; bur being pre- 
Gt setsat Banquets. The foure Juyce in the ~ 
rpa ) hat oF emmons it neha cae al ugh i it be not fo fharpin 
C Peep peftilentiall and burning Feavers, to reftrain che ve- 
tl n, to {upprefs the violence of Cholar,and hor difempers of thé 
blood, exinguheth tise corresteth the ill difpofition of the Liver, ftirreth up 
retrefheth the over-{pent and fainting {pirits,relieth drunkennels, — 
unings of the Brain, by the hor v. vapour arifing thereinco, and 
ie jant of fleep. 1¢ Seeds are very effectual to prefetvethe - 
from. the of che Scorpion, or other venomous 
infecton of the Plague and Pox, or any other 
ee in the Sanine big Womens 
and have a digefting an quality, fit todryup — 
de y Ours; oth inwardly Srhiebateah on wardiyin a | 
moyit, or running Vicers and Sores, and take away the pains that come alter the — 
biting of any venomous Creature, The whole Fruit or Branches 6fthe Trees laid 
in Preffes, Chefts,or Wardrobes, keepeth Cloth or filk Garments from Moths and 
‘Worms)and gives them a good {cent alfo. The Syrup of Citron Pills or Rhinds, 
: ftomach, refiftech ee ftrengtheneth rhe heart,and refifieth — 
-of, palpicati cings, and {wouuings: it Arenerhecetinte 
and Hettick Feavers, baie 

lied in Gteek Tends ore Gentian tavpet oa : 
Tity. imum invent ore Gentius of Tllyria,was the 
soci and their ie ELUCS ne pee 

the Paradife of Plants. 191 

Though there be a great number ofrhefe Gentians rechensed up by Parkinfow, 
in both his Books, yet I fhall omic molt of them, and nominate only thofe fix 
Forts thar grow within the Conifines of great Briccain. 1, Hollow, Gencian or 

Fellwort. 2. Crofwore Gentian, 3. A/pes Felwort of the Spriny-time, 4, Gens 

tianella, with a white Flower 5. Battard or eect tehicwece 6, Autumn Gen- 
tian, ie sore be ceed? Leaves. sees 

Pia | a 4 : Bete ‘ . LP ey 

 Hollow-leafed Felwort, or Englith Gebsian, BL Tuaby Jong, eee Roots, 
difperied hither and thither, within, the upper cruft of the Barth , from which 

_ immediately riferha fat. thick flalk, joynted or kneed, at cerrain diftances, fet at 

every knot with one leaf, and fometimes more, keeping no certain number? 
which Leaves do at the firft inclofe the flalks roundabout, being oné whole en-— 
tire Leaf, without any incifure at all, as if it were a hollow Trunk; which after. 

it is grown to his fulnets, breaketh on oe fade or other, gad b becom 1 umeth a 
ribbed Leaf, like unto thole of the great Gentian or F antane.The Flowers come 
forshiofshe baloce Of she woperi-ot et upon der foc ' 
‘hole ofthe {mall Bind-wee che J 

colour, Ww the =C ut tne > brit E lic 

= seed, yhich hi 


The Places and Tine. ji 7 E 

The firlt was fonind by Gerard, in a all Grove of Web, called she Spi 
hear unco-a{mall Village in Northampronfhire, called Licbbarrow. The tl 
groweth i 2 a Pafture ar the Weft end of Little Rain in Effex, on thé North fide 
of the wa leading from Braintry to Dunmow, and in the Hor'e-way by’the pe 
Clofe. The third groweth abundantly on the “Mountaiie Between Gore's ind Ga ai 
loway in Scotland, The toutch near the Devizes, and by Hachbary its} lilbire. 
The fifth in the Phyfick-Garden in Oxford, “The fixth in-divers etasof Rew, 43 
about Semth-fleet, and Long-field, upon Barton-hills in Bedfordjhire : al'o not far 
from St. A/baxs, upon a peece of waft kchally pr00s eround, as you go out of Dunftable 

way, towards G: - The firlt weligs out of the ground in April, and 
bringeth forth his Flowers in theend of eAugu/t, and diesacd is ripen 5 Sepems 
es and fo do all the ee a 



The Root of Gentiae, which is chiefly in ufe, is hoe 28d jennie be Des - 
gree, or hot in the en ee mae 

RP. The Siguasure and Vetnes, 

: . Se of Gentian that hath Leaves like an Heartand is ; 

a which I mentioned not amongft the reft, be 
eth notin ain, ving in it the vertue of ftrengchening the F 
© gentle eesantiounding, and ee all pu rifaGion, 

ee nae 

ig? __-- Adam’ in Eden, Or, 


meme wee eer 

Peftilence,for which there is nor a more {ure remedy then it, it ftrengtheneth the 
ftomach exceedingly, and helps digéiii6h, Abiwerable unto this in the feyerall 
qua ities and properties are our Exglifh Gentians, nay ‘ome will have them more 
proper tor Engliih-bodies; then the forsaign,and may be as welll nied for the-pur- 
poiesaforefaid. . The Powder of the dry Roors;heps the bitings of mad Doges, 

and venomous Beafts, opens the obfiructions of the Liver, and re{toreth loft Ap 
petice. The Herb tigeped in Wine, andthe Wine drunk, refrefheth fuch as are 
over-weary with Travel, ahd are growen lame in@heir yoynts, either by cold or 
evill Lodgings, It heips iiitches, and griping pains in the fides, and is an excel- 
Jent Remedy for fuch as are bruifed wich falls. Ic provokes Lirine, and the Terms — 
exceeding|y, therefore let it nor be pee Women with Child, The fame is 
very proiitable for fuch as are troubled with Cramps and Convulsions, to drink 
the Decoction : and being fo taken 1) it helpeth the Stone and topping ot Urin G 
Itis likewile very available in the Drops, and {uftocation of the Mother , and a- 

and (hon 

put into the Eyes, rakes away Inflz 
them fr m. Skins 

atrix, bringeth down the dead tee es birth ; 
¢ Bots, Worms, and fwellings, upon licking up an 

Vhnen & iat 4 lized on tte Uden by any venis 
the decoétion of any 6f thefe,and ic will 

, and alfo 
ea - 
— x oth 
: ‘i y 
% 4 
“er y 
POR lee oe ns ~ 
. 4 
2 ie Cee a nonp : a 
~~ SS a 

oe ager -_ 
r - ’ ‘ SS 
{ 3B 3 - Z ¥ BV SOE Bla yt we ‘ i i +n 2 
- -* “ t z 
y \ 5 Pei t. iit rs nr 
hii $17 Eo “RS. 2h 4 rege tL FO | iS 2tD au" f KET AIGLG 
’ ‘ : ‘ 
ait cae CHAP. COX ad ieee Agi us 
<es * | - o s oe ** net aee eee RL Oe oe 
& ' em “5 ; . 
i é, Sane : pe h wa Fil 1 ae eri a] ae vin ¥ a 

Of Scordium, me W ater Germinder. 

, wes Names, t 

ote i aay bw Tic bhi ie My bi GG 20c8 2 xt < ' 
sisOda 35 MISH IAT It OFS MST Yaci SHO. UISND ps8 slgoke say 
= Tis oi dani Susedon, and in Latine Scord'um, fromenseodr, which 
is Allinm,Garlick ,becawie the {ell lofi it is {omething like uno the imelk of, 
Garlick, as Authours report, which I never perceived, thouch I have ga- 
thered it oftentimes. It is alfo called Frigago Paluftris, Water, or Mar{he 
Gi: ermander both of the | ‘ikeneffe thereof to Germander,cailed Frixago,and for thé 
| weiss thereofin Marfhes;gcc. Some alfo call it Sveoguer forthe trong {cenry 
unpleafant to the Senfes...». Pliny faith, that Crateras. did afcribeone of 
the ee herediunis Mithridates; andcalied it Afitbridation and it may be from: 
hence, as well as trom Garlick; chat it it Was called; Poor-Mens-7 reacle; and si ks ont 

~ aA 

apr eager nivlersie OES eisregt thm arrrierey °F <4 
4 om eile wiods i 4 L 2 iL et 

hefe fix 1 ng, ms DE Waser Beiaaider 2) sip sam whichis 
_ ealied ariarine CS coroidonGa five Scord:nm alterum quibusdam, & Salvia agreftiss 

gi The firft Garlick Germander of Pliny.4. ‘Another Garlick Getmanderot Pliny, 
5: Sawie-alone, or sath by the ger 6.The Geimander-like a of ate Ls 

peer J 2 PES. 2 De a5 iis 2s 

S {$245 at wee. 
sty ev 

oscar ofa an 
‘a fhew-of hairine s s and hoari-, 

wards the top ofthe bi inch cher 
‘Obler chm sone ak UE IS | 

<aet 3H torisits _ The Places EAM bn ce os beige ints ae 
"gi ipa ig acid we eo nds; at ay watet fi bea Pe, any places 

of England,s 5 Botley Cawfe -y prefehtly ‘after Sy over the ftream | Flas go-. 

eth to icing les, mot very farr from Rew ley, whichis the. place Mr, Gerara 

mentions, but on. the. other fide the: water. Diofeorides faith, it. gro 

fills alfo, which. it is. like enongh todo, for. ic wil abide wellif. it! 

into Gardens, where Thave [een it, ofen ¢ grow ; asin theR 

I 94 , Adamin bden, Or, 

and Fosrth in Candy ; ; The fifth groweth under walls, and by hedge fides, mo 
path wayes, in fields, ‘and town-hdes in moitt places. The La# on the Hill 

Capecline) in Naples, as Columna {aith. They do flower in Fue, July,and Axguf, 

fo newhat before which time, the moft uiuall manner isto gather the Scord:nm, 

S ad oy ac Sane sai 

The Paice, 

Pssue” Gétmander, is hot and dry ; it hath a certain bitter raft, harth and 
rp, as Galen witneffeth, and every one may perceive it, that tafteth ir, 3 
Slugpolebar Engl kinds nor olka i (cent unto Garlick, as that of the An- 
cients, Peat sear HX Sed Gry, in con. spocee Seles 3 

The Vertnes, 

i : - doch but undertand scare apc lettedhr‘is ie Bee 
‘of ithat rare Compo.ition called Dia , and know but the vertue there=. 
of, will be tufficienti scout that this plancis not unfitly appropriatedto. 
the heart, forit is of renal bani We Son cen comforting and {trengrhning of that 
put, pecially in fuch Feavers, as are accompanied with want Of fleep, Ir-doth 
allo provoke the Termes, hatiens womens Labours,helpes their nfual) fickneffe in 
their lyingin ; itiiops fuxes, ftrengthens the ftomack: neither is fo hot, butit 
may be {ately given to weake people: Ten graines ofa Scruple at a time, anda 
: dram. of moreto them that are stsonget. ‘The decoction of the Herb onelyin 
green or dry,1s good aga ae hand all yenemous Beaits 

ans Oagaingt all groaning paines 
See ofoad pr 

alfo: madeinto an E with Creffes, Rofim, and 
dle got an old ie and to boli expectorate rotten 

given, and with food facet 
or ch ale and thereby to drive 
Sear Tt 18 2 ont ectals ais aan ccuaena to kill the worms 
ither in the: amperes to takea little of nan f or che pow= 
, “The deco&ion of rhe dryed with two or three roots: 
rentiil fliced “eer enc n = gna Tar oneal 
ad fare remedy for whe juyce of | pers e | 

stele 44 
triziag, as alfo clofeth frefh wounds; the | rier teode ined a COcite 
pL tis, and applyed to excrefcences in the flefh, “as Wens and fuch like, help- 

difcutfe. and di/perfe them beste prown: Te being ued Pallowith "Vinegar or 
water, and applyedto the Gour; eaféth the paines thereof. The green Herb 
bruiled and}: Us paral any wound, healeth it, be it never 

The decostion of Wood Sage, is good to be given to thofe whiol= Une is ftay- 

ed, for it provoke “itand Womens courfeslfo, It is thought’ tobe good 4- 
the French-pox, becanfe the ‘thereof, doth ovoke fweat, di- 

 geft humors , a and diff Ive felling, and Nodes in the flefh. “The decoction 
Of the Herb, pS n then dry, made with wine and taken, is 
 afafe and fure ie tk: who by falles bruifes or beatings, doubt fome 

1;.fohelp to.cut and expegtos 
dak palatal 
ing dru Ie 

bethco din 
Ulcers of 

~ rd 

ule. The Leaves alfo or feed boyled, 1s good. to be put in glifters, t 
si sof the ftone, the green fetes are heldro and to heale the 
the Legs. si tad cae shee 


Tis called in Greek timaivents or as Gefuer hath it,” aaiiwing, by Nicos 
laus Myrepfas, befides whom there is’ not any Greek Author that if kriowat 
“to have mentioned it by chat name, Divers of good judgment do tefe 
to the Sideriti® Secunda, of Diofcorédes, Some calf it ini Latin’ Piapinel 
Pilea ig Fopvitlie, SO Se Ge ae 
bers ; yet othets reters thefe names to the Saxifrage kinds: of Baraet, which ard 
i ts. Itis called Sorbaftrelta arid Sangmnaria alfo Of divers, buc 
ruifrbas quod Sangwineds finxus jiftar, becatife it flops fluxes of 

“There are as Teake it but Four of thete ores of Bar 
Great Burnet of Americ Ag SEE ete pal 

ty a . + oes eee f. eames acts 
The Farm, > bm 

+ 4 ; : neds with avion af ged Leaves 

198 ~ “Hen ie Eden, On. “=a y 

bere wit Toe aller estes ern ‘fome-places thereon, devided-into 
branches,” anid Lat t the tops {mall round loote heads, or knaps upon Jone 
fooeslig, ‘of a brownifh colonr; ftom whence’ (fart forth {mall purplith 
Plone andafer ther: Corhered feed :‘the root isfmall, Long, and Blackifhs 
nthe out fide, growing’ down’ deep into the cronnd, with fome fibres 

eréicy the Herb Hath’ a fine quick feet and taft, ‘S 

So OF BROW ante é GiOes sti cSts Sil hice 

&E ei fOSy Ya tro ¥ (PRM LCs rheePlikes and Time, => ; at wa belts 
“10> ratlio. bers 2€ sistbn ¢ 137 ti ee ar he wie 
ma “toweth wild ih mol places of this mek in aby andy ground} 
nfa tly Preferred ‘gatdens, to be ready ar hand, when ir fhall need tobe 

HeGPT The Second Bc Boe ad in divers Counties of this Land; rian 
int Hasstingdon: nd Nore abires in the meadows there : as'alfo near Low 
Paners Chink aieifo oe ‘fields nigh unto Boobies barn,as 21fo bya Canfié 
emi aie OF eld by Padd ngs 

: ton. The Third was found in: Spain, as Ban 
inate Laich, The Lap ras bi ough fein Canada, which yes as I rake it on thé 
North Virgi (a, W ere 438 nacurall, Sha te Ke feen growing in thé 
Fh ee ee eee all Flower about the end of Je, 

bia g of Joy anddctiecd ce ing a 

“ napiacsadiiens con ee 

The Temperature, : 

Both che greater and the Lager Barner are agcourited to be of one property ; 

be ibe as becaufe it is eed and more aromaticall, is more effeétuall, . 

i: hot dry in rhe fecon d ec Soecally the lefler yet fome fay) 
that it iscoldin the 7 se ate il 7 


dito the Heart, Lieessand se aatlli of amansber 
Rigen Path Lesyes put inco a. Cup of Wil efper | 
asall knoy aera heat to it, and befides isa z 
citeth t are make it merry dri 
tod the heart, from noilom. Va- 
lence,. and il other conta- 
at ‘the juyce thereof being 
daid to. fw enpon, or wrap- 
ida “qu la hen 
pies to ftaunch'bleeding 

* NC : ‘into oile, or ointment by 

ae dite the aa ‘alfo isno leffe effectual f We, 

to dry up moift fo to sna pte war fieele 
of the pow der of th the feed mixe fey ce Be i 

let at Sel 

a eemeiaeel 

ee Bi Paradife of P lants. “197 | 

ft Re A ee ee —s “ee . 

Poe a 

CHAP. CXxxUL oe 

The Names, 2 ee "4 

the Greek narne is not to bee 1 ; nor of the ancient Latines, un- 

lefle it be Geum of Pliny : eas it teemeth, Iris gene- 

rally calledin Latine hon a pia cheapie Salcd Crypts phyllara,irom 

th cent of the Root fo near rélembling Cloves, iwhich are called ophylli-: yer 

{othe have called it Herba beneditta, of the’éxcellent or bleffed- pati thereof, 

oT aie Sm samunda, from the like effets, “Trages would have it called his 

Nardus agre/fis, not oy Wer ct fweee fcentof the Roots, but aca Pro 
‘perties thereof, Tn Engl A vensand iebosape 2 


££ His Herb is not found to ‘be kriowit of any Greek Writer,and therefore 

“Phe former Age laser but 

atithe leat. ,) oor wens, 2. Me 
4, The orke! ia ave 

sired The Forme, 

Our ordary Ave it nt og gtd eh wie eines J 
from the Root, every one made pi he a fet on each fides of che oe 

+ the three largeft whereof, grow at the ends, and or ae 
oe; theedges : _ other enka ee pieces, hacer eae 
four, Randing on each fide of the midd’e Rib underneath then ¢ nongit which | 

_do rile up divers rough or hairy ftalks, about wfoor hich , branching forth with 
leaves at every Joynt, not fo long as thole below, but almoft as much cut in on 
the edges, fome into three parts ‘andfomeinco more: On the tops of che bran- 
ches ftand fmail, pale, yellow Flowers, ct g of five leaves, like the Flowers 

sbut i i of, flandech a {mall green head, | 

OW 1 and round. being made of 

e will fick on Jed FCloaths 
ings ee sige ng foun ike 

he Pate de Fe 

The Grit is fond wild Se fistly Place bF 2a ect 2 
and by the paths in fome fields, and delighteth rather to grow in fhadowy, then 
Sunny laces, The fecond is found. upondiyers Mountains, as Coronos in. ohemia 
hes rings of the River Ali as Masthiolus faith. The — 

: gS  Adamin¥den, Or, 
“Spleed. They flower in the Moneths of A4ay and Fume for the moft part, and 
their Seedis ripe in July, at the fartheft, _ 

The Temperature, 

The Roots and Leaves of Aves are manifeftly dry, and fomething hot, witha 
kind of {couring quality, | or a be 

a The Vertues.. a 

i | 


~ The Roots of Avens in the Spring, fleeped in Wine, for fome continuance of 
"time, do give ita delicate {avonr and tait, which being drunk fa{iing everymorn. 
~ ing, comtorteth the heart, and is a good prefervative again[t the Plague,or any o- 
“ther poyfon: it helpeth digeition, warmeth a cold itomach, and openeth the ob- 
~ f{ructions of the Liver ahd Spleen. It is good alfo tor the Difeates of he Cheft or 
, aie for pains and ftitches in the fides, and to expel crude and raw humours, 
~ from the Belly and Stomach, by its fweet favour, and warming qualiry : it diffol- 
stlcongealed Blood, happening by falls or bruifes, and rhe {pitting of blood, 
1e Root, either green or dryed, be boyled in Wine and drunk; as alfo all man- 
ner of inward wounds, or outward, if they be wafhed or bathed therewith. The 
Decoétion alfo being drunk,comforteth the heart, and {trenetheneth the fto- 
‘mach anda.cold brain and therefore 1s good in the Spring, to open obftructions 
. ofthe Liver, and helpech the Wind-Choiick: It helpeth alfo thofe that have 
-luxes;orare burften;or have a Rupture : it taketh away {pots or marks in the 
therewith: The juyce of the freth Roor, or Powder of the 
dryed Re the fame effect with the decostion ; and in callous Ulcers with 
the juyce Roots.if a little Verdigreafe be added, it will avail very much, 
Sone do ufeto lay the Roots dryed amoneft Garments. to perfume chem with 

_ the fmeil thereof, and to keep away moaths, &c. from them, 

Soci cae 


-Aying fpoken ns, whichare called Caryophyllata, becaufe the 
Roots {mell like patie. fall now treat concerning Cloves chett- 
| felves , which are called of the later Greeks, naguogumer . for to the 

"Ancients they were unknown ; and of the Latins alfo Caryopbillas, 
andClaves, becauie this {mall flender fruit, is almo‘t like a {mall Snail ; and from 
thence alfo itis likely the word Cloves came, The Tree whereon they grow is 

a0 - OM MMe AC ceca vee ooenet 
= SIT ae gh Beara So hg OT : ae Mane 
__ | This Tree groweth to be of a erear and tall Racure, covred with an Afh-co- 

_—raube Bark the younger Branches being more white, “having Leaves growing 


— ae Paradife of Plants. 199 


rr an oe eee 

by againtt another,fomewhat | long and nartowslike unto the Bay-Tree 
that beareth narrow Leaves, with a middle rib, and fundry veines running there- 
through, each of them ftanding on a long foorftalk ; the pails of the branches are 
divided into many fmall brown | {prigs, whereon growerh the flower even on the 
tops of the Cloves themfelves,which a are white at fir(t with cheir Sprig gs green after- 
ward,& laltly reddifh,before they be beaten off from the tree; and being dryed be- 
fore they be put up.grow blackith, as we fee them, having tone {mall tops at che 
heads ot, chem, anda {mall round head in che middle of them: the flower it. felf 
ftanding between thole confifteth of four fall Leaves like unto a Cherry blof= 
fom,but oe an excellent blew colour,asit is confidently reported,with three white - 
veines in every leaf, & divers purplifh threds in the middle, of a mofe dainty fine 
fonethes the Clove it felfwhich is a {mall flender fruit,almoft like a {mall naile 
as I {aid betore; being of a hot quick and fharp ra(twhen they are fit to be garher- 
ed, which is before they be quite ripe, bue thofe thac do abide Jonger on the trees 
do grow fome what thicker aitd grearér, andarehot'of half the others goodnefs 
being called by moft Fufles, yet fome call the {talks of the Cloves Fufles ; ; they 
erow of their own fowing andare not grafted. Hereout likewife cometh : acer- 
rain dark red Gum, and both i it and the Fufles are uiually ioe ohe -agengtt 

another, gS sik, 4 
The Places and Time, eS Neto 

: ‘Te Clove Tree cometh ne wie eh 
eth alfo in Amboyna ve well, and! if 

thanthere. Eight yeares ie 1 is e len ont of; the eer , it, bears 
eth fruit, and! Pecieiarietk bearing for amhundred years together, as the -inha- 
birants | oftchat Country do affirm; who: beat the: fruiicof the Trees with. Jong, 
Poles, as we do Walnuts, and fuffer them to ly there npon the ground, untill. chey. 
be throughly dryed, there being neither. graffe, nor any other Herbs to 
hinder the»fame, by reafow ‘thar ‘the tree tectonics, ‘bein iaenetinealieahe 
poe eri a great circuit rouad about, fo that the Cloves.are the, more.conye-. 
dryeds ~ It See ee and December » 
chofe € Coie ga double Harveft Hae reeaheen) be a= 

— The Temmperatire: Bune tees. oe 
the -propetties of (Cleves are many.jand excellent, pane bbe aad dy inthe 
oe seslocie i sefecmnceatctennenic same os Yt 5 
~ ie The Verrvet, isd gredtt ri. as 
“The "Poriegl women Wee ‘dwell in the ap-lndies, ad eat dhe loves. 
when they be it green, a certain Liquor by diftillation, of amoft fragrant {mell 5 
which comforeth the heart, and is of alk Cordialls, themoft effectuall, There — 
3 alfo>’ excracted from’ Cloves a cettain Oyley or ‘tather-athick) Burrer ofa 
--yelloiv ‘‘colour ‘which. béing 2chafed’ it’ che hand 3 {melleth adike; che, 
Cloves °* themfélves 5 wheréwith | the © Tadians © do. cote» > theix, 
wounds, and other hurts as we do with Balfume, The Clovesthemfelves af) 
ter they are dryed, and brought over, are ufedto comfort the Heads 

_ Hearty, Scomack,:and Livers help the Seniesa at and eee 

es nethen Nature, they Bejagbbaxt Hypa 
> taken in Milk, Stir up SAG] Os 

- epee ye ee ; difeafe ©, againft 

" 1Ng Of cold | humors, was rengthen tt 

7 2 150 ie in kden, Or, Pe 


fail tor the Fatoeelaid diveaies, if ‘twoorthree drops be given in beer or wine, as 
iio for tiie’ Headach, the mould of the head being fhorne and annointed there- 

swith, fo chetoothach,it a ‘ew drops be put into in holiow Too h witha licele 
Lint, to ciear the Byebght, and to be put into pertumes tor G.oves, Leather, 
and the iike, che Cloves themnfelves for their exce lent {cent, fervine asa {peciall » 

in all {weat powders, {were waters , perfuminz™ pots. Gc, The powder 

"of the dryed Cloves, being put intorhe eyes, taketh away the Web delete. As . 
they are-hurefull tor young people, and Colerick Comp!exions, fo they are p 0- 

ficable for o d perfons, and Palicgmnaniclt and — as are ¢ Rheumar ick, and that 

ty cmaegpmiope se! 

“ = 
rer. a 3 a as os eM Diet Me oF bol 
ae ? He, | : ; ¢ . { r¢ 


of (love- echyel> “flowers. 
A oot here it will $e sey ope fpeak of Ube fant si, . 

both for their name, {cent, and vertues, wherein theyre eb eong 
che others Icis wonder that fo beautitulla flowerfhouldbe con- 
ceaied fromthe Ancent Writers, yet there is no queftion but they 
wou'd Have given it.anathe , had they known ie ; which Icannot find that 
any of'the:Greeks did. It is calledof the latter Herbarifis, Caryephylleus fess 
of ‘the: finell of .€. loves, Ww wherewith it is poileiied, Ocelizs Damafcenus, Ocellus 
ary : Aaa piace ieee *- Veronica altil's, andVetonica Sta 

; ris not like torhat of Vetow'ca orCame 
. Pvt hc. a 

ay Siwersarecheta forts of Gill firmer of fuch visio eid; 
and aifoteverall thapes; that ic¢omerth not witiin the skil: of agood Fioriltto 
nime*thém all ,severy Country bringing topth nesy: forts; tome whereof are 
called Carnations es Clove-Gille:: me ome Seps ‘a Wine (ome Pagiants, 
or Pag on colour, Hor e-ficfh, blankge. ples dwh'te double G. Ho-flowers : many 
of fhe. Se to be as big asian nary Rofe, which in Franceandin the 
low conn ries, whence moit a them ate brought have received particniar IME’, 
Picolomeny, The Prince of Wales Prince of Hatcou;?, Apelles, non Parely 
divers others, There be ‘ikewile iame.cngie !orts of shee andmanymore _ 
a ni 

: gi SON Ret ot oe aa garcar te hig Oe 
: ; WiSiID. ce tn 
od ister Site plan} $i (estar The F Vy aaa ee : : sat oe ley : 
adr ituRshe 4 joieds ssi RMPEERY SPOR ea aa 

“The get Cararin Gl ower dathaghice raoldy root, from which fe 
eth rp many ftrong joynted ttalks, fec wis long green cares by canes onthe, 

ropof rHedhaike, tegen very fair flowers of an excel'ent fweer (meil, and ene 
eee cag app He en its hist being ipcreier pe 

fet ito houles of ome oer warm place. The Clove Gills flowers and divers 0 

thers, and alfo Pixks are fet in Beds, and do commonly withftand the tharpett 
Winters. . The chiet timeof their flownthing-is in Fxly, and therefore {ome 
‘will have them to be called july Flowers, yet -fome of them continue their 
flowers till the end of Summer : pe cna pening: se ccaaaas ss which 
may be fown i in Aprilsc aad —8eO\. te 7 5 : 

: esate no excte nie 

their p oat eoleheed eaves yet the purple Clove Gillixflawer 
accounted to have the ‘preaélt Vertue i& Phynek, O The. 
Fiowets and Snear, is bese Somme and 

ers Mehathen elie aitived : mia) re 
‘ ra i Hehe; 

sling the poyion aid fury of the difeateand ereatly co 
fick of any other difeafe, where the Heart need of 
Leaves of the ONS Oe ee / ae 

and Sugar, ple 

andiare alio me a Criciall faculty. 2 

tidhed. may: be, Apoch 
taken doth. 

220  \Adamin¥den, O7, a 

«Of Lign- Aloes. 

- The Names. 

- Tis ‘called in Greek Aydneyer, i Evacantn, Agallochum and Xyloa loe ; pit 
| Latine alfo Xylaloes ; in Englith, Lign-Alees, Wood-Aloes, or Wood of the 
Aloe-tree; mention whereof is made in the five and fortieth Pfalm, rogether 
with M tthe and Caffia: fo that it may from thence be g eathered, that it is 

not the drye juyce of the Herb-Aloes, but the odoriferous Wood of this Tree, 
Mentone ale eaves wentieth of Numbers, being the Parable of Ba- 
eauty of | ‘acob, where he faith, hp Hom goodly are sly tentsO- 

Jacob, andi na. acles O Ifrael.1 "As the Valleys lel fpread forth, as Gar- 
dens 4 the Rive fide asthe Trees of sg aa 5 bib she 
Bic, | 

Lord ark lawl oe 

The Kinds, 

le 1 UF Ip >< divers forts of this wood, and Railliei fpeakerh of om; 
at he knew but one fort of true Liganms Aloes, that grew i 
her forts which were {0 pied 1 were but Sweet-woodsal 

The F orm, 

7 il eA li BeSexignion hereof 951 would thetefore 1 nti | 
eile gout noone oben lowes, Garcias faith, that the Treeis like unto an 
Olive-tree, and {fometimes greater: now an Olive growing in’ fome places, is 
found to be as big as a great Wall-nut-Tree, fo that hence you may judge of the 
——- Prop peat 3 ir, buc I cannot meet with any ote chat ever faw the Flower. oF 
é wer Od the Branches thereof brought unto him o fee, unlels 

that it beareth {mall Berries, like unto Peppet: ° but 

» and fomewhat difcoloured wich Veins within? 
: 1D ® Or and b reake 

- ting into th aicceltoc rut coll reget es 2 vanifh away ; 
tees re though pie ee 

Thetmme Lig Al gonna Sema being bb in 
aces that are erous,byreafon of the Tigers that haut 

7 Pile dines lice mentioned i 


dialls and Antidotes. Ichelpsal'othe cold Difeafes ofthe Womb, The extra& 
thereof is good for the fore-m-ntione Fumi 
tions, to dry up Rheum, and in Qui! | 
thereot (fome fay) provoketh the Flowers in Women. 103s ofitabie ali 

; ystogether, eitherin BrothorWine, = 

. pot " _" 

6 tg 

ae CHAP, GROVE. = aes 
Of Cinamom 


7.7, and Cantie. 4. 
_ felf-conceited, and that 

sg a age 


466 Adam in Eden, 07, 

. Caffia ligneni is a Baftard ca thereof, being very 7iike in thew, but in fveetnels 
and aires — belonging'to Cinamon, far inferior, | : 



af rota +s ome ces se BEBE oS Fhe - Forme, ot feed 

The Tree which ae pa for his Bark, hath’ a Bod y about the thicke 
nefle ofa Mans Thigh ; but chat which-is taken from the {maller Branches, is 
much better then that which is caken from the Body, which Branches or Boughs 
remanyy abd very ftraight | wheredn do grow beautiful leaves, ’in thape, like 
thole‘t tiie Orangé-Tree yandof the colour of the Bay-leaf, (not as it hath beem 
report a) Tike waco the leaves of Flags, or Elower-dealuce : amongtt thefe plea- 
{ant leaves atid branches;:come forch-many fair white Flowers, which turnin 
round of black frnie or Berries, of che bignels of an Hazel-Nut,or the Olive-Ber< 
ryyandof ablack colour: out of which, is preffed an: Oyl, having no fimell, rill 
if be chiaféd between che hand ++ -Itiscovered with a double Bark, the innermoft 
wh 1 and pl Cinamon, which is. taken from the Tree, and 
eat of the Sun >» which maketh i itturn and foldic {elf ~ 
nay b So penein ved upo { . The Tree being thus 
ey oorae anew Bark inthe ve pate of three y years, and isthen ready yeni ! 
disbarqued as betore, Fhat (amon which hath a palecolour, hathnot been w, 
dryed inthe Sun’; that ofa fair brown colour is beft; and that which is'b] ee 
— beeitt too mnch ony and alfo hath taken fome wet in the time of ake - 

erow in orher of tl Iflands, 

_ Fava che greater and the leffe, and alfoin Aindanoa, for nh moft part u gtk 7, 
Mountains, It groweth green Winter and Summer, as do all other Trees of the 

, Moluccaes, and Eaft-Indi sialic: The Bark is taken off, at feafona= 

bite aoe OFZ Zellan are the beft, hey’ 

en ee =a ic “Or the King of the Country. : 
er ee 

is hot a 

Ree u ithe third degree, The firttigof 

emody = Seah a pus 

; vof: ewacteniere and othercol pas of = 
rine, hafteneth the Birth : it ‘srbvenceth anid perasteets putrefastion ofhumours; 
-refifteth poyfon, ftayeth vomiting, and helpeth nanfeoufnels of the Stomach: It 
is frequently ufed in Cardiack paffions, or paffions of the heart, fainting of the 
Spirits, and intrembling ofthe heart: It canfeth fweetnefs of breath,and brings 
_agood colo e face: ic firengtheneth the retentive Sate x ofall the parts; 
| di zt thereo f. Ie is ufed in the is pe ae 

Pt ne 

the Paradife of Plants. x, oF 

the FEL aowe the Stomack, canfeth good digeftion, and being mixed 
with fome Honey, taketh away {pots from the tace, being anointed therewith; 
Cafsia Lignea comforteth rhe Stomack, Liver, and all the } principall parts, open- 
eth Obiiruétionis or ftoppings, dilperfeth grofle hamonrs, repellech wind, pro- 
vokes Urine, and VVomens Couries, and doth much facilitate, or haflen the 
Birth, Being cait on Coals, and the {moke taken at the Nofe,dryeth up Rheums 
and Cararrhs, that proceed from co'd and moyft humours, Alfo a fuffumigation 
thereof, helpeth the pain of che VVomb, and the ftopp Lng: Ascot thereof. Being mixed 
with Honey, aid applyed, ic diffolvech fwellings, and h . A decogétion 
hereof with VVhite-wine and Rofe-water, is commended againtt the ftinking of 
the Arm-holes, if the place be bathed therewith; and the fame is good to wath 
fore mouths.andGums, Both this and Cinamon’ are more uiefyl in VVincer then 

in Summer. 

be. ‘ - ~ os \ *&, # 
4 : :¥ ee = 
; . s ; : ee ee ens . 
ee eT he eee oem Bc eee ne t.rr. oF - i ro oe te a 
-* = e Bb : be 4 

OLE: hihi: 2: , 

Jalen faich,it was called @a oF, 
4rom the form.of ie Sed ine Di 
and thereof took the name Echis 
Roots, to cure the bitings of the Serpent, « 
are fpeckled like a Serpents Skin : mate logs 

of fame Buiglefam oats PRM si. 9 nt i Areata 

: The Forme; 

“The Common Vipers Baglogi hath mafiy long ro 
gtoind, from among which rife up divers sed Sond Gal eh, 
were thick fer with prickles, or hairs, having many black iran : 
unto the Skin of a Viper. whereon are fet fuch like long, rough, ha 
fad green leaves,fomewhat narrow,the middle Rib for then 
the Flowers Rand at the tops of the eee 

PP a ‘ 
—- — a yore : : BET. Sa 

206 Adam in Eden, Or, 

ot Flowers, bowing or turning like the 73 ae all of them opening torthe. — 

mott part on the one fide, which are long and hollow, turning up the = brims 4 a 
- tittle, ofa Purplifh Violet colour, in chem that are fully blown,bue more reddith 
while they are in the Bud, and not blown open : as alfo upon their decay and wi- 
thering ; bucin tome places, of a paler Purple colour, witha long pointel in the 
tniddle, feathered or pointed at the top : atter the Flowers are tailen, the Seeds 

(growing ro be ripe, and enclofedin round heads) are blackifh , cornered, and — 
pointed jomewhat like unto the Head of a Viper : the Root is fomewhat ¢ sreat 
and blackifh, and wooddy, when it eeen toward Ss and perifhethin — 

: he Manes es sa ; 

_ ae of ae "The Places and Time, ; 

The firtt sesh wild almoft every where. The fecond sole the Caftle-watts 7 

of Lewes in Suffer. The third and fourthin Hungary and Auftria, The fifth and 

in the Kingdom of Naples, as Columna reporteth, The eleventh and twelith im 
; Fees os ee and tieic Sees isripe quickly after, 

ee The Tenpernere 
_ Thefe Herbs are cold arid dry of Temperature. 

zee [etaes and Sj. Signa, 

in Wibeprectrerh abundance of Milkin Wonend Breafts,eafeth the pains in the 

in Cavdy. The feventh and tenth in Spai#.The eighth and ninth onthe Hills 


Loins, Backand Kidneys. Itis likewiie; as you have heard, an efpeciall remedy a- 

(tPoyion, and 
that nities s fhalt rake of tk 

gaint eo all other Serpénts, or veneiniouis Creatures? as 
or : ig ee itis added by siete, 0 orien al 

~ the ParadifeofPlants. "209 

aes “Of (arduus Beneditus. 

dactyla, even 


The Sorts hereof, as you have already heard, are two.t.(‘arduns Benedictns, ot 
the Bleffed Thiftle. 2. Attractglis, or Wild Baftard Saffron. 

The Form. 

Carduus Benedictus, or Blef. d Thiftle, hath round, rou , atid plyable ftalks, 
which being parted into dive Branches, do. lie flat on tl ind > the Waves 
are jagged round bout, atid full of harmlefs prickles on the edges : the heads Ont 
Leaves ; out of which'ftandeth a yellow Flower : the Seedis long, sede wit 
white hairs at the top, likea Beard: the Root is white, and parted into firings 
the whole Herb, Leaves, and Stalks, and alfo the Heads, are covered with a oat 


Sea, in the Champion grounds thereof, "gs Petrus Bellonias teQifiech. Ic is dili- 

at which time it isefpecially to be gathered for Phyficall ules ; for then it will 
Femain GOO A Re AE longer. Arrracrylis is very atebefore it flowreth, and 
cern. ae : 4g : 
= The Temperature. : 
As Carduns Benedictus is bitter, foit is alfo hot ahd dry ii the fecond Degrees” 
agdnnhall, Pingiaae opening, eAteraceylis doth dry, and moderately digel# 

a ee 7 The Signature and Vertaes. nt i al 

_ BythePrickles upon the Stalks and Leaves of Cardess, are cle: 

-Giftilled water thereof be raken. Ichelpethalfo the fwammung of 
: hs 2 


210:  . <Adam in Eden, Or, » 
v1 O° Aaam n, Y 

jrenetheneth the Memory, and is a good remedy againit <deatnefle, killech” 
wormes, provokerh Urine, and the Courfes, and driveth out gravel, and clean{- 
ech the Stomack, It is moftexcellentin Peftilenr-Feavers, and all contagious 
Ditales ; foricexpelleth out by fweat, all noxious or ill humours. It is very 
cood in any kind of Ague, either the decoction t eof being.taken, or half a 
~ Sram of the Powdérin Poffet-drink, before the fit commeth,: tor divers fits, if 
need require, and fweat after ir. Itis yery available likewife againft Venome and 
poy!on. Though the diltilled water is ufeful for the aforefaid Difeafes, yet the 
decostion is much better. The extraét thereof is good againft the French Pox, 
atid the-Quartan Ague> ‘The ereettHetb bruiled and applyed, is good oe 
{wellings, as Wild-fire;Plague-Sores, Botches ;.. and it 1s good alfo to be laid: 
sn the bitings of méd-Doys, Serpents; Spidets, Bees, or Walps, or any other ve 
- yomous Creature. - The Powder Roppeth blood at the Nole, being applyéd. The 
juyce thereof cleareth the fight, being put into the Eyes,and taketh away the red~ 
nels of them, and fo doth the water. Being bruifed with a little Hogf-greale, and. 
4 little Wheat mixed therewith, it cures tubborn and rebellious Ulcers, if-it be: 
applyed thereto. Ivismfed again(t the Gangrene alfo. For all which notable ef 
fetts, ir hath been called Omnimerbia, that is,a Salve for every Sore.” ee. 

& ¥ 7 

— = 

£0.48 aa? HAP, CLX. 

ma eee SE ele WARE ea aS , ‘ 5 
#, * 

wy “ft ou tet al 

Tis called in Greek oiavéer, if divers Authours be not miflaken,being as is ge 
_f nerally Please Plane that Dio(corides mentioneth under that name. It 
dies Thiftle, or, the scriped Milky Thiftle, Some think it tobe Lencacanthe, ot 
Spina Alba of the Antients; others take it to ne Leucographis Plinii, B runfelfius | 
- fome Carduus Argentatus, and Carduus Ramprarias ; others Carduns Lenco; 

a Pee ps 
wie a 

= Tre. - j 

man es eee teh Ker: ke, 
—_ —, PE Reh: af 
r a - 
ita Gat ey, . ~ q 
% sae ee oe 

"although foierly chere have been bie one ort hereof known co the Herbe 
rifts; yet of fat; by che dilicenc fearch, atid bfervation of fome chat have bee® 
‘curious, there are found of them three in all, 1. The common Ladies Thiltl¢ 
2. Great milky Thiftle ofa year. 3. The {mall Spanifh milk-Thiflle, 2 

= Sle Fare, 

spat rarpand iff prickles 
nd about ; amongft which rife up one or more ftrong, round, and prickly — 
alks, fet full of the like leaves, up co the cop, where at the end of ‘every bran chy 

tn eee se t 


Some forth a great prickly Thinle-like Say armed with pricks, =] 
wich bright Purple Thrums, rifing out of the middle of them : after they are paft, 
the Seed groweth in the faid heads lying in a ina great deal of fine foft white Down, 
which is somewhat flattifh and fhining, large ae brown: the Root is 
fpreading in theground, with many {trings,. cand ll Fibres faflened tothem : 
All the _— Plant is tafte, and therefore, fuppofed not to be without 
good és, . 


net Placesand Fine 

and fennel came, \ 
thought that the daft is chefamechdt ‘amerarius tebe the nadie of Ep 
mum, and Le esa ehim, bronght out of Syria; becaufe the Seed saath 

eres a ey, elena ames eet 

rother coe. _ ihe 
7 6 tn zy DOOR £ ove | Lily Ser shies 
: goat The Temper Arnie. 1 hen 9752 985 Bk GOssA 
i SpA Rae bas ae a Nyse) 2 56 3 
Ont Lads Title shor and deyinthe ond Degrecjand bindeth: moderates 
i epecially the Root “ hk oe eee aes 

re are upon this ee alo many rien, and. cherefere iets pobd tar ae 
ches. e fide and: Dileates thereof | by Signature, ifthe Det ecostion or 
Borde ereotbe takén., Ibis al{6 very effectual or Abues, atid eg prevent 
“cure the infeétion of the Plagues as allo ‘to open Obitt tions of the Liver a 
Spleeii, and chereby is good againit the Ja undies. It ‘provo ) Breakerh 
and expelleth the Scone, andis 900d for the Drophie. “The , 
that are troubled with the Lask, nc sloody Flix 3. slept beni afte 
eth away cold fwellings, eafeth the’pain the Teeth, if they eae 
- decoStion thereof, The Seedis held to effectuabl, ifnot more, for che pu 
ors sored aloe hemp adie iftified water, whi 
_ 3s. often applyed, both inwardly to drink, . and ontwardly with 
Seen: ied ature therec 



fir ‘k a that a 
ey £% 

2 *; s if 
33 F. eee. ea 
Ba BS ¥ pha | f 
; oe 
e.* . 
i 2iSn emi Y 2 FA a 
2 r 

e | [Seas “a in jE Or; be 

cuap. (CXL I 
eq fi Camomile. 
The Mawes, 
Tisedledin Grd pile of Diofcorides sand *Arduer, of Theophr. 
of fome Acuxarbspss, of the whiceneffe of the flowers ; pe pasha 

Le perp baie es wr tiglal sane gett » OF uince. Icis called 
y fome alfoin Latin Lescanshemun and Anthemis: but molt generally 
‘and of fome, Chamomilla, as it it in the eA porbecaries (Lops, Some 
cali the Garde» Camomile, both fingle and double; Camamelam Romanum,odora~ 
tins © nobile, thinking them to be fweeter then the wild kind : which laft, t 
manuring, will have a good fcent as the former, ¢CMayweed, whichisakind - 
hereof, 1s called in Greek xvod) arn Cynanthems, and Cynoboranty 
that is, Camomlla Carina,and Canina herba ; in Sick Creda Coens Fevide and 

Cotula non F atida in egg tarot long sada temas Gover 

The Kinds, 

<weed ther 1 Eccnaae Ordinary Camoailal 
nit dowred Src Spa 4. Small Camomile of 

Sa Biba and Thies” 
1 wild fami = this Land, 2s 
» Wi rae hse Borne = and 

= = the Paradife of Plants. ons iy 

The Vertue 

Thedecosion.of Canam te made and drunk piel all painés and jtitches iri 
the fide, the Chollick, » Stone, and wind inthe Belly, or Stemack, and expeliech 
tough and clammy Phlegme, as allo cold Humors, provoketh fwear, brings down 
the Courfesin Women and provokes Urine, It is very prohtable for Agmes chat 
come oi Phlegme or Melancholy, or from an laflammation of the Bowels ; and 
for the Hypochondres, that is, the fides and that part where the Liver and 
Spleen lye, there cam be nothing more accept ethenit. The bathing of a 
decostion of Camomile, taketh sony 86 rinefe and eafeth panes, to what part 
foever. of the body icbe applyed ; ides it comforreth the Sinewes, that are 
over{treined, and mollifieth all /wellings. %t moderatel /comforteth all parts 
need dgivarmth, and digefteth, and diffolyeth w atfoever hath need 
bya wonderfull 4peedy property. The flowers boyled in Poffer drink 
\Lcolds, aches, and paines wherefoever, the _ 
wn womens courfes,A Syrup made of the jy ce 

Pit in a lictle whire or Rhenifh wine ina morning. The 
Bei. s wont to ule the Oyle, made of the Flowets, againft all Agnes, by 
annointing the pactenc from Head to. Foot therewith, which is alfo very avail- 
able for the external) wes aforefaid. Af4y-weed is Often ufed with good fucceffe,for 
thefame purpoles, that Camomile is, efpecially the ordinary fort, They are 

both pur into Glyfters, bur efpecially, Camemm'?, 
J shisian gadget beeeGbl airtos Resees 
33 jis hele igdak Re wnbaks: SS gay. 

- See a an ee si 

vi4_ Adam in¥:den, Or, 

The Kindes, 
“ “Ubro:this kind are referred thefe: Four forts, 2.Sweet Trefoile or Balam, 

: | ‘ : : - aR si : ws : ; e _ 4 The Forme, 
% “The Sweet Trefoile rif eth up with one’ ftrong rouhd whitith falk, about halfé 


“a yard, of two toot high, {preading forth many brariches on all fides, where 

- “about are fet many Leaves with long toot-{talks, three alwayes fer together, of 
-whitifh green colour, very foft andfomewhat dented about the Edges, of the 
cent of Fenugreek, which is thonght to alter {even times a day, bucit is but 4 
fancy : at the tops of the branches ftand many flowers clofelyiet together, each 

.of them like unto thole of ~Melilor, but larger, and of a bleak or pale watchs 

“et blue colour; after which come round whiteheads, containing dark yellows 

“ith co:oured Seed the Rooris {mall white and threddy,perifhing every year, but: 

_ilech again from the feed that fheddeth, or bybeing fowen inthe Spring, 

a The firft groweth not wildin Ltaly, France, ot Germany, trit with themallig 
fowen in their Gardens, andfoitis withus. And even D.ofcordés faith, icgrew 

Spocerowing wild in 



and w 

dis a ranger at Venice, and other places of Italy, as well as in Ger= 
thus, and onely tobe foundin the Gardens df thole which ae ne 

~~“ conlervers of plants. The /s/* came trom America as is fuppoted, The frft 

Vinee nine cane 

ad The Temperature, — teen a wilt ts 

_ Galen {aith, that Sweet Trefoil or Garden Claver (for fo Gerard callsit ) doth 
-imamean concoct and dry, being temperate between heat and cold, ro which . 

4 wii of thie body; 
aiid belpeth co dig all om 
_ and healing them per 


Greece or other places that he Xe 
mpelier and Mar ferlles, as Penaand : 


the Parad: lant’. Se, 

and Prefies, to keep Moths from Garments. “The e decoction of the firong 2 Tinell-- a 
ing Claver, made in wineand drunk, ealeth. the paines of the fides coming by 7 
obiirnctions and provoketh Urine, as 's Hippocrates faith, it helpeth women who 

after their Delivery are not well purged or cleared of, the Aferbires it proyok- 

ech cheir Cowrfepalio, and helpeth co expelll che birch. Alithiors Swrire 
chat che Dece " OF ‘the Whole plant is ve effectual dgainkt all Venomows Creaz 
tures thar ittbe ‘decoétion Which hath bin applyedt to one that hath bin bit~ 

ten, be eee ay pplyed. to-one tliat Hath nor bin bitten, he that wasnor bir 
ten fhall feel mie. anes of aa thar “was bitten, and he that was bitten; fall 
feel none ;. ome write that the decostion is very dangerotis to jhe ufed: 
by any y but thole ath are bitten {fo that thofe that need not a remedy fhall' be fure’ 
to fo a malady:but no more of that. The Flowers Leaves or Seed eitheralrogether 
or each féreraly by it felf, being boyledin Vinegar, anda little honey added 
oman o drunk, is a fpeciall t remedy for them that are ftung or bitten by any’ 
nemous Creature, The feed is of elk force with Galen, who appointetlt 
be pur ih Treacles,that he prefcribedfor divers perfons. The feed alio boyled 
7 onied water,and drunk,is Singular g goodsfor the Plesri(y;provoketh Urine and 
Allayeth the héat thereot, and is “good | for the Strangury. » It helpeth thofe that 
have che Falling Sickneffe and is a ar good for women chat Kave the rifing 
arid ftrangling of the Mother, wher y they often fergne-wo be dead >The fame 
decostion alfois ae for thofe that havethe dropjie, andtaken be 
either of tercian of quotidian Agueyit lef — i he: 



OF At chilote” 6g peat 

isfiad GE 

a ‘The Names, 

reckon nap Beliea Larne akin of Lotus 
InLatin anciently, ic was called Sertula Campana, 

in the fields of Canspania were ufed to be put 
Regia becanfe of the yellow flowers which do 
1 it Odoratum, whichis the 

Decieeaape .: 

{stm ech generally: Adelilete, me the Greek; an fometiane Ris? 
‘Claver, and fomerim ‘lee Clave, Bee Sees st Deceit ed | 

) ‘com fst Hla i; Copan ellie, 
3. Italian Melilote,4. eA, jap Melilote,5. 4; ian 


216 ~—«' ‘Adamin “den, Or, a 

Selig 7 ~ The Form, | 
The common Aédfilere hach many green ftalks,about halfa yard high of forne- 
_ what more, clang froma tough, long, white Root, which d year; 
fet round/about at the joynts, with {mall, and fomewhat long, ftf@he,wellimell- 
ing Leaves, three alwayes {et together, unevenly dented about the edges: the 
Flowers,are yellow, and well {melling alfo, made like orher Trefoiles, but {mall-” 
ér, ftanding in long {pikes one above another, for an hand breadth long or bet 
tery which afterwards turn into long crooked Cods, wherein are contained, flat ~ 

Seeds,fomewhat brown, 

_ The Places and Time we eet 
MiOgg: « ui is: ; ved 
~The firft is found in many places of this Land plentifully,as on che further fide 
of the ditch, on the left. ween the foot of Heddington Hill and Oxford,in 
the edge of Smffolk, in divers places of Effex, and Huntingronfhire, and other pla- 
ces more fparirgly, either in the Corn-tields, or in che corner of Meadows. The 
fecond growech not in any place of this Land, but is very frequent in 
Germany, and is only nurfed up in Gardens with us, The third came to us from 
Italy; and by that Italian name we call it fill, The fourth is {id by Pena and 
Lobel, to come firft from Aleppo in Syria to Venice, and from us. The 
fifth is peculiar only to£gypt. The fGxth was found upon the Mounsains of Ceftile 
ingreat plenty. Thelattcame immediately out ot Jtaly, yet ir is fuppo’ed, that 
it came from the Eaft-Indies thither. They do all flower in the Moneths of Junt 

- f 

< lla 

ie The T emperature, 

Wind <n acerilianibilieciheet hattiasenimege inst 

y: the windine(s, or 

where he faith, thar fuch changes ror in England, are fitcelt for Englifh Bo; 
dies. Befides, the Compound Piaitter of AMelilore, having {ome of the Meal of 
hardne(s, windinefs, rumors and fwele 

Ribs, refthed-or crake By the felling chereors ic orondesally # 
___ fwagerh any other fike pain and: is e00d for the Rickets. Bue 

~_ Plaiiter 0: Salve, called Afeliloreywhich is much ufed, to draw’and heal all Sores 
aad Wounds, chat need cleanfing, and is made of thé Juyce of the green yous a 

tity, . 

¢Melilote boyled with Rofin, Wax, Sheeps-Tallow,and fome Turpentine,which 
if it be well made; will be almoft as green as the Herbit felf, and fmell very 
frong thereof, although it betwo orthree years old. - The juyce dropped into 
the Eyes, cleareth the fight, and taketh away the Web, Pearl, or Spots therein: it 
helpeth alfo the pains ot the Ears, dropped inco them , and fteeped in Vinegar 
or Rofe-water , it helpech the Head-ach. It alfo mollifiech hard Tumors and 
Inflammations that happen in the Eyes or other parts of the Body, asthe Seat or 
Fundament, and the privy parts of Man or Woman, being boyledin Wine, and 
Jaid to the place ; -and fometimes the yolk of a roalted Egg, or the Powder of 
Fenegreek, or Linfeed, or fine Flower; or Poppy-Seed, or Endive, is added unto 
it. The Flowets of Melilote and Camomile, are much ufed in Glyfters, to expel 
Wind, and to eafé pains : as alfo in Pultifes, that are made for the fame purpote, 
and to aflwage fwellings or Tumors, that happen in the Spleen, or other parts, 
It helpeth Wens, after it is boyled im water,and alfo running Ulcers of the Head, 
if it be plied wich Chalk,Wine,and Galls. It is effectual to be applyedco 
thofe who have faddenly loft their fenfes, by any Paroxifme :/as alfo to ftreng- 
then the memory, to comforethe Head and Brains, and to preferve them from 
pains, and the fear of the Apoplexy, if the Head be often wathed with the diftil- 
Jed Water of the Herb & Flowers, ora Lye madetherewith. If farisfaétion ¢- 
nongh hath not been given for eafing the pain of the fides, here is a. quilt‘ ‘a bag 
for the purpofe, Take Melilote Flowers, Camomile, Ro and Elder Flows 
ers, of each half amhandful, of Bran an han: of Anifeed, 



218 | Adam in Eden, Or, 

The F. OY, x 

rs anoaldete have neededto trouble: you writ shie form hereof, were it not 
pro Forma, it being {o well known, heiore I fhall be but brief in it, The or- 
-dinary Oats growerh up with divers sa joynted ftalks and leaves, fomewhat re- _ 
fembling Wheat, bearing at the tops; a large {pread tuft, of many pointed Aglets, 
« x down like {mall winged. Birds, from fmall thred-like ftalks, which con- 
Gt ofa husk and a Kernel or Grain, which is {mall, long and round, like Rie: 7 

— more Ass sa the Root is {mall and threddy, 

sti “The Places aud Time; 

They are both (omen in.our Fields in fundry places, yet the naked Oats no= 
. thing fo frequenty and do love rather a cold moyft ground, then either hot or ap 
andare ufually, the firft Seed is fowen upon thofe Scr that were Woods, 
ter their ftocking up, They are Summer Corn, | is i a anf 
aan ease nee ds is i aN Se 4 

The Temperdtnre.- 

Galen ei, chat Oates ate fomewhat cold Tew ie withalt, andnouih 

<The Pereeer sci SMM ss F 

Common Canto i into. alinnen Bag, with a lirle Pee quilted ie 
fomly for the fame purpofe,and made hot in a Frying-Pan, and applyed as hor as_ 
can be endured, eafeth the pain in the fide, called the Stitch, or Chollick in the - 
Belly, Being boyledin hole pa Dy sor eae of fuch as are troubled with | 
__ chaps, chinks, or rifts,in ii any great affiniry withthe Pocks, 
being called in Latine S poles over the fume or 
finoke pages, the Oats e: afterwards 

hom a very pare dees com | 
oc jooaasiieens<s toes yeild ben fen wf ee : 
it is ufedas I {aid in many Countriesro mak forts of bread, dyes 
fhire, where itis thir chic Breadcom for Jarek eur Cakes, T! ! 
Calon eniciotendacianigetenling feyalloma anche ae 

Si ia of wa ae ie 
, cyeather then coldins 

—__ the Paradife of Plants. 215 

Maids: for it will make them look like 2 Cake of Tallow, efpecially, if fhe eat 
it in a morning, and drink a draught of {trotig Vinegar after it, which they are too 
apt to do. Naked Oats are fo called, becaufe they are fit for ule, as foon as they 
be threfhed without the help of Mill. In Norfolk and Suffolk, where are 
moft plentiful : the good Houfwives that delight not to have ftore of any 

but from hand to mouth, do when they want ¢ Oat-meal for their epee ue, 9 ule, rs 
intothe Barn, and rub forth with cheie hands fo ‘much as will 

" not willingto provide for to morrow, bur to lec the morrow provide for it rele 
as the Scripture faith, 


a at 


a V. pallet 
Ti is called ia, in Ge si ‘ jeete Cee 

Latine, | Riracs, 
becanfe it is 
called Terdina, e brdinaty fort is generally called, botk in agi and of all o~, 
ther, Phu majus, atid Valeriana major hortenfis ; | Nam great Garden Vas 
lerian, and of {ome, Capons-Tail, and Seah ee peoeesty is chat Zea. 
doaria, or Zerumbeth, that growethin Aalaver = eatin 
ces of the Sof si on et of thefe eC a 


The ‘Kinds: 

_ OfWalerians, there may be found chink fteetenetiaecas I. The great Valetiati ” 
hd asaciaadel nade 3.Knobbed Valerian of Candy. 4. Broad< 
leafed wild Val - Small wild Valerian of the Alps, 6.Summer 
_8.Narrow- leafed red Valeriatl. g.Rocky Valerian. 

a f Valerian; rama 

. e grand fo 
pod have al 

220 Se Adam in kden, Or, 
ot aimall {cent, which paffing away, there followeth {mall brownith white Seed, 
chat 13 eafily cartied away with the wind: The Root {melleth more firong, then 
eeher Leaf or Flower, and is likewile of more ufe in Medicine, : 

— The Places and Time 

Cope firltis {aid by Diofcorides to grow in Portus, inthe wet ground of Moun: 
caine’, and other moilt places; and is generally kept in our Gardens, The 
{econd is touhd in Savay,as Camerarius {aich.The third grew in Candy.The fourth 
upon the mountainesof Axffria and St.ria, and {o doth the fiftalio, The fea- 
venth is {aid to come from mexico, The Eighth was gathered on mount Baldus, 
The ninth,Fabins, Columne found on the mountains in Wap/es, The tenth 
erdwweth onely in the Gardens of the Curious, the naturall place being unknown, 
The Eleventh groweth about AZonpelier inFrance. The Twelfth & Thirteenth are 
known to grow no where,but in Gardens.The two laft,grow commonly in Marfh- 
es and wet medows, by rivers and water fides in our own Country .They do all 
flower in the Summer-months of June, and Fuly,and the Indian kind fooner if 
ic be faved betime; and continue flowring till the Erofls come, and {o doth the 
Summer or Annuallkindalfos "= 7" 
The Temperature, 

Valerian being green hath very little heat, but the roots when they are drys 
edare hor and dry inthe firttor fecond degree, are € 

~The Vertnes. 7 
the paflages, 

¥e he diene fe oh 

decbsiaii of the 

Root of the 

fettions then the great to rehft Poyfon - yed 


— the Paradife fe of Plants. — “223 

a ed denon 

Jaundice, and Scoppings of the Liver, ner, Spleen, and Womb. wild Va ? ante 
thought of the latter Herbariftsto be ¢ ood forthem that are burftex, for fuch as 
are troubled with Cramps, or other Convulfions, and for all chofe that are bruni 
ed with Falls. The Leaves of thefe, and alfo thofe of the Garden,are god againtt 
the Ulcers and forenels of the Mouth and Gums, if che decd@ion thereof be gar 
— or heldin themouth. Some are‘of.dpinion, that the Roots of wild Va- 
Jerian dryed and powdered, anda dram thereof raken with Wine,doth purge up- 
-ward and dowaivard. | TheGreek. Valerian is much ufed to be put in Salves” for 
ee wombat and a bessa be! pats agarenhets + x iealesisbam, aia 

02 sah L@ HAP. ‘CX! egyeiis. = de 
ri te baths Of Stitch-wort. oe 
ee aid The Nemes 

anc th isis th ic aero cret rece rower? 7 in dif- 
ent ¢ wg ere T ealleth | it Exfraje gramen, and Leonicerus, Eufrajia 
major : : Fafchins, Dodonawsy and others, G ramen; Leucanthemum, which is its u- 
fall Latine name, {0 called from the pretty w white Flowers it bearech, It is call- 

edin Englifh Stitch-wort, for i its property i wily Pres Stitches and pains in the 

. bee: 

| Foe Kinds; 

' Tere wo principal rs fStop anda el a 
fier anda later: imeach whereof, there be alfo fome diverfities, both 
of bignels of che Hettsand Blower, ane callie ns jctkies of the cc 

22 be Pore 

pPosrer sro. 262 egies 3 

, hath faridry, roune : 5 ihn 

| ‘ by te pepe! the hee or other 

tings he pera a V , and pointed Leaves 
| 3s whereo and may eae Flowers, compoled of 
Starre, Me h fone wh hreds in the middle * ‘the 

> ors 

a aoe a 

222 Adam in Eden, Or, a 
oat Lees > the Tampere 7 
_ Stitch-wort is fuppoled to be hot and dry in the firft orfecond degree, 
7 : The Vertues, e 

This Herb is faid to be of wonderful efficacy, to help ftitches in the fides, if the 
powder thereof be drunk in White-wine, efpecially if{ome of the Powder of 4. 
corns be added thereunto, Being boyled in Wine, it breaketh the Stone ) and is 
good ..gainit the hardnefs of the Spleen, and Obfirudtions of the Liver ang Gall, - 
It Sercebs the hoe Seen and ek he eee Seed doth vehement. 
ly purge by Urine, and floppeth vomiting. It is much commended of {ome to 
p ae the Eyes of dimnefs, or Films, that begin to grow over the fight, to a 
fome ofthe juyce intothem, Diofcorides faith of his Holoftewm, which many 
fuppofe, as I faid,to be our Stitch-wort, that if a Woman drink the Seed of ir 
three dayes fafting, after that fhe hath had her naturall Courfes,and rhat the hap- 
pen to conceive within forty dayes after, it fhall be a Man-Child:The truth here- 
of I dare not be fo bold as to affirm, If it be of force to cure ftitches, as the name 
gt on pi names Sy write ereer have my purpofe, It is faidal- 
0, thar it woon at itis ufed with other famples conducine to. 
like effect for the Drop fe, ) bette a a 


“Uf T is calledin Greek alvev, in Larine Lian, both which fignifie aswell the — 
“@@ Herb as it groweth, as the fame prepared tobe fpun, and when ir is made 
-@ incoClothalfo, And its Linnen isio called #41 ext, becanfe the fineft 

= fubjtantiall Cloth is made thereof, It was formerly uled to make Sailes for 

S (out now + Na ane deed referving 3 for better ufes) ~ 
lupins and 

blew ilwes. 6: 

wild Flax, with yel 

Flax of Candy. 10.Chamalin 

ee hae 

aoe The Patadife of: Plants. 223, 

. three or four {mall Branches, each of chem bearing two or three fair blew Flow- 
ers, made of five poinred Leaves apeece, with jome threds inthe middle, after 
which come round Butrons, pointed above, wherein “is contained flat, fhining, 

erie brown Seed: the Rooris {mall and threddy, Esecapignrecy yer. 
~The Places and Time, 

The firl iefdw enin divetsplaces of hiv Land, 5s: Well as tiv mon face | 
‘beyond the Seas. “It profpereth beft ina fat and fruitful Soyle, and in moytt cast 
prea , ifit be towne thickin a lean ground,ic will be the finer, ¢ J 

not yielding fo much : nevertheleffe, it is {aid, ro burn up the ground; and make 
it barren: and of this Opinion was Virgil, which he teftifiech in ie words, Uris 
Lini Campam Seges. Tne time of {owing is the Spring, of flowring Fane and. Jue 
Jy, of gathering about Bartholomewtide . after whichtime itis ft lan Wace. 
where the Sun commeth till it will peele,and then it is dryed & braked,and then 
hatchelled, which being done, it is fit to be fpun ac any The lire 
faid to grow fome in France, {ome in Spain; tome in Germany, and fome in our 
‘own Land, alfo as Mill-Moiintain, almoft every where, Blew wildFlax,on New- 
Market-Heath;as alfo Broad-leafed wild Plax,and thin-leafed wild Flax. 
are all in Flower from eee untill 4 sgeffy and fome abide. ees 
Bacal Sige cuits ero rah Shel ie 

hor in the firtt deeree. andin ermal orate as fome fay; “yet 
totes? Teh, ty it hath a fuperfluous moyfture, caufing windinefs, as he ins 
“flances in the Inhabitants of AZiddleborough in Zeal, he foe want hes a 
seni: to the great cacan page aE of heir health 

Sh are gate Site Uk 
% .% 
es 3 a ma Races Caen ee See 
_— . a £ Cy Pigs ty Ba aE nes ee :* ete FF eae i ES 
~~ ’ $44 » Um ha ea pine a hi TV ert ‘ aod = aaa iO 
. os x m5 “ « 
' TE e. gesceretyet F . ; te T rh A 654 Ste vad tert oh ee che 
PS el ae e> EY eerste at ae alia - 5 # wee: mia $ ah: 

ans yled Eh tat eels Viewsp poe unc iy nd any slid wo ef 
3 the pains of the Botly, as te Cholick and Seischts,8cAll: nflammarions, A Pultis 
~. being made thereof with Fenugreek and Mallowes, is of godditifero motiGeend 
| dileutle any Tumour, or hardne’ in any y part of rhe Body, orot the Mother, by 
: pach letaber rh the Seed or to receive the fumes through a Seat , 

“pence sod digetexby roel d Cowcumber-Root;it draweth forthiplins — 
ters, thorns, nails, or any other ing in the flefhy:and broken bones al- 
fo. 7  decoStion thereof made in Wine, applyed to any fretting or.running 

$ id TF tea nee a a uch € refi lace 

lings of ichOks water, 
a aed wedespecy ie sine eeaess toad "leds sper 
7 Be anime ahhiny Sand Waa pds ble 
and ret bag ofthe skin, Ssnburne, and other difcolourings, The Oyle 
E eda itis of much ufe for Painters to faften their colour, 
‘och ». Wood, Stone, a tie: sn ee ee Lemipas 2 

224 ~~ Adam ia Eden, Or, = 
- decostion hereof withthe flowers doth refolve rumours, & levify inflammations, — 
che arteri¢s, alfo when they grow hardand ({tiffe, and the fwellings and fores of 
een “en - — the ra , oe Thus much be. 
ing (et down, touching the fides e diftempers thereof, I muft now creepe through - 
“gh derneath the ape 9 or Midriffes and there the firft thing o ane 
it felfe is the Scomack , whichssthe ecmmon receptacle both of Phyfick that is ta~ 
ken inwardly , as well as Aliment : in both which refpefts , hail treate of thofe 
Plants which arethere unto meft appropriated , referving fome of them for the wfe of 
the parts below. And becaufe it is more cleanly to afb the Pot before the meat be 
purin, Ifhallprefens you with fommbae ro clean{e it, andthen to frengthen ¢, and 
the other parts ek sbe Bo. sed a 7 

cy —~ a - ee ae ae ‘ . 
or Tia be BE ce ee ot on tee 4, + 4 — eee ee ea eee —= oo o a 
> ake 5 " fr et 
* £ en’ >¥ ) oae “yr . _ e rs 
“es a res e tm eee Gear = pea x \ 
: holes i 
3 42 
. - si 

Ic is called in Greeke tivbiey guafi dvQioy impotabile ob autritudnen, pe 
| a becaufe Cattle will nor teed upon it, Diofcorides calleth it alfo, 

ear. Me). 4 profunde amerore from its extreame bitterneffe 5 whereby it. 
: a Wormes, called \Englith Worme-wood,in Latine iris 

——~~“the Paradife of Plants. 225 

in Gardens as a rarity, its Onginall being unknown; The /xth croweth-omrhe 
Mounraines of Auftria and Stiria, and on the Mounraines thereabouts-; ‘The 
feventh on Mount Baldys , and on of the Belloni Mountaines The 
eighth and ninth onthe hills among the Vallefians; The testhon che feacoafis in 
divets places of this¢and, as alfo of the Low Comneries; The: eleaventhneere the 
Sea as Aer etes and by Venice allo, The Twelvth in Aifnia in Germany , The 
thirteenth about rhe Coalts of the Venetian Gulfe, as alfo in che Lland of Sie, The 
fourteenth is {aid vo grow in Egypt , buc Pena and. Lebel doubt thereot, Ranwol- 
fox faith,he faw che lat growing about Bethlehem in the Land of Jury. It grow- 
eth alfo in other p.aces of Syria and eArabia , whence it hath been brought and 
made for a while to grow in thefe parts. They do for the moft- parr 
Auguft, faving the two laft, which coming out of warme Countryes are later then 
the reft with #s, ' | 
The Temperatare, 

Common Worm-word is hot inthe’ fecond degree , and dry inthethird, and 
though it be bitter, andcleanfing, yet it is binding and ftrengthming, and as 
effectual, if not more , then any of the other. 

S Faw 

rane peep ose te re In 

cr theinttion in Wine, it draweth from hen . 
teftines ; firit Choler,chen Phlegme , and alfo doch ftrenethen the Stomack., like 
Aloes, Te purvet iCholer, likewiie from the Reines , and Liver, and that by Urine, 

Ie doth much prévatlein the Greensfickneffe, Jaundife, and Drop/y, andhelpeth 
fuch'as have obftructed Stomacks, and Livers, the Cholick. and gripings in the bel- 
ly. “Tt cleanfeth the Womb and pala » helpeth Craditees, driveth away che 
Hicket , ttayeth Vonating,brings a good Appetete , expelleth Wind, and prevailes 
inincermitrent Agues and Obftruttions of the Entralls, Ic preferverh the blood 
from Putrefaction, and is ufefull in the peftilence; s alfo tor preventing and refift- 
ing drunkennefle , Vomiting at Sea, and killing Wormes, The) Vinegar ivherein 
Worm-wood is boyled helpeth.a inking Breath thatcometh from theteethor 
gums or from corruption in the Stomack, and provokes she termesin Women, 
and ifit be but fteeped in the fame and drunken’, it helpeth ‘fiichas have made 
themielves fick with eating AZu{bromes or Toodffooles, The-Wine madehereof 
is good-for ail the foreinencioneéd purpofes, except in fuch as have Feavers. Be- 
ing outwardly applyed, irkiileth Wermes. inthe Belly or Stomack ; the juyce 
with honey helpeth dim eyes,and mingled with Niter it helpeththe Oninfie, be- 
ing anointed therewith, It taketh away black and blew /pets'iin the skin, that 
come after falls orbruifes, ifit be mingled wich honey, andanointed,’ ‘Ic help- 
eth fore, and runnine Eaves , and.eafeth the paine ofthem, ifthe hor vapors of 
the decoétion be taken-in theteae, of digests or othetwife; It is likewiteef €afe the Tooth-ach, Being bruifed and applyed with Rofe-water tothe 
Stomack, it gives much-eafe and comfert to fuch. as. have been long fick, It a- 
Wailesagainftthe hardnefle ofthe Spleene, or where there is a hor (berpe-water 
running betweene the flefh and the skin , if in be ufed with Figges, Vinegar, and 
medic of dirnell , A deco@tion thereof being made; and the Temples bathed 
therewith helperh the Paes of the Head that come of aicoldcaufe. | Alfo being 
boiledin Vinegar , and the mouth wathed therewith, it helpech a Scinking 
breath, Being put into Chefts or Preffes where cloathes are, it preferveth shem, 
from Wormes and Moathes, If the skin be rubbed with the juice, or with the 
Oyle it driveth away Fleas and Gnats. It isdaid » inc if Childeem before they be 
three Moneths old; be bathed with a decoction thereof, or. their Temples; fect , 
and hands Cee ethene and well rubbedin they fhall not 
wR ; * om ee : n 3 : ; 


Se 5 

<a Dipl ep na + ec ln ct A ARTE AI 8 — tm 

226 —Adamin Eden, OFS: 

eed ee eee ~ae —— me = 

be troublednor moléfted with heat ‘or ‘cold all their life-cime.’ “Icis alfo come — 
mended ; being fo ufed as before} for prefetvingthe body, ‘that it fhall not bein 
fe&ted with Scab} | Leprofy, French difeafes Dice's ‘or fuch like malady, exceprfome 
heinous crime be to be punifhed with one ofthefe,  Notwithftanding- the oood 
— aforefaid; the j te offends the head by raifing up Vapours which caute 
eee: and fleepim Bod Hatton ic fafe Sonnet inthe Confiimprion ¢ 
all Feavers.> cheSromack seth chee fo 

. Whieje shor; cote forborie » elect itt 

b i edi ood Gif me i 2 at Wg BNR bay ae ME? 10. 2456-4 *i36 mm Olay 
iy “Ry | “ 

eS oe Se as eee eC ieee fe tee an . Pen eae 
vig or! “OI OD ait «td ‘4. whivthhd sen. V0 493 a2 Sbar + 

° . em i 34 : 
sacle sate} ots 1p joe SELEOD Ser: a NS POE PE eras os, oo pee 
bwtiid dwsisi as Tse si iste mw ‘ ; of bili. Ve ¢tine Oia Of hak ORL Ct RN 

HAR. XL IX, : sh, (1404 1399 3sl3 
Of Marlies age ees att - ve 

gd Blean att cui $gtto; rh) i Bax gins rio ra “ re) ij S30 iit dtl 
* : . 

ale REI Cone iy, som Sort} {iss 

‘Tte Arabians were the firft char made Ahrabola bie 

called them in general by the name of Delegiasb rian Ate Mies 7 
Serapio do appeare ; which fome of the moderne Gree anila 
. the names ot bao becanfe Gsi itis likely) thet th 
3 unto Peptentened ek jfhould oi 

pany u 

ve the other word Myros, Ww n fignifie 
5s any, feéing chat. lee neve 

faete repre — feninatis hee 

Hye th’ le Acozne for Ojmamen 
ret ee arkinfon, Par RA ee RE tS 7 REL « : sshcil ; 

b cuit selagicey sist if Lhe Ride, * wag: IGS mcr 

IHG Iwi e@HE beeeotia. 9g Sf fH 

= he Paradile of Plants me 227 

arp in Bifoagar, Decan , Guzarate (which we call at this rime carats and Ben 
gala, Bellonins faith in his book of Obfervations, that the yellow Mirabolanes craw 
in Arabia, and Syria, and pe in the ed of boy buc it is chought he was 

miftaken, ‘ %y 
: The a ees, | 
-Allche kinds of sian: ate cold inthe firtt deoree,and iy in ti feecnd; 
hot only LEEPER Sy ie Sie sie oe J 


ae ae ory lo ip Sakata : ‘Aebethin: the ae 
Hiare and'L: or ol re ‘have the Hémorthoidés 0 r Piles,gc are proper tor 
fuch as are of a ‘: Phey are goodin Tertian Feavers, or eA gues, 
canfea good colowr,and hinder old age, | being often taken. The Chebule do purge 
Phlegme, quicken the Braine, and fharpen che Si ight, Arengthen the Sremack after 
purging ; They,are profirable for fuch as have the outa and are troubled with | 
lone continned A gives. The Emblick and. Belleritk: the Sz ¢ from re ro 
‘ten ‘Phlegme lying’ therein. » and flrenethenéth the 
Evver armen 4 other loofe or fluent 10 fir up A 
are effectuall or the “remblin > Hear 

wien : ching ot Choler, 

Vomiting y and o(trainer. fury, 
beat of the inward p allayeth Phirf, © oiveth ea‘e co thole that are trou- 

bled wir ‘dhe Pes by refiraining the fiercenele of Chaler flowing into them ; 
‘and forthis Tait Eek the Citrine are mom nfed, ‘as having the figriacute cheréof, 
“The Ind'es, or black Myrabolane's, do hy an black or adntt Cho= 
ber sand therefore Bike ote the’ Quartahe Agu , the Lepiy, and all Para- 
Lyticall difeafes, arid they caule a good colour Of the face. © As for cheir outward 
‘ufe, the Ci ine are Wet in Collyries, or Medicine for the Eyes 5 With > aor 
Fennell c or Re ofe-Water, ahd againtt the inflammations, atid flowing of humors ro 
the Eyes 3 “The powder thereof with Maftick or Rofé-water is nfedin ene § 
heale them atid dry them; The powder of the Kernells , isiifed again dimneffe of — 
the Eyes, or 521 away the Web therein, or the powder thereot infuféd if Refe- 
‘water, and dryed, andthen infu/ed two or three times more , and dry thém, che 
nas itin and ule it. The Bellerick ftay the flowing of the Hemorrhoides 
. pa teeeala ling of the haire,the affested place being bathed with the decoéti- 
past sia powder firawed ‘on afterwards, and ic makes the haire be- 
= come blacker, The Cheb. and the cated Pa are often b Cover unto us 
preterved , whereof the Chebules are more Peyecillip ae 9: 1 purpofes as are 
sre(er. fer down,then the Emblicks are , which | : noc(o hain alte asthe 
- Chebuiles, ate more uled as a vety pleafane and deta, rer Plim amorigt > 
bid junk Bay cob ghee ae LES 

228 Hila ven, Ors a 

CHAP. Cis: 

of Gramdjt 

ret The Names, RoE 5 I 2 ; 7 

| ” Tis called ih Greeke"Heryipav, Ergerum , quia vere spate ‘the Larines call 
it Senecio, quita cite (enefcir, becaute it becomes ihoary {o foone.Tragus takes, 
it tobe the Aphaca of Theophraftus, elpecially the Cottony kind called Pe- 

Gs: bu ‘ale T was miftaken, 
sie titi. = ata 

ta 3 

ee a nat — 
2 : : : 4 
. f +e 74 3% « we we oh ue ie 
PAt 3 SEE cae Se 

~The Ancients haye made See bacte one 5 adele but thi 
ter Age hath found out Six. 1. Common Ground(ell. 2, Mountaine Ground 
fell. 3. Adyconus. Spanifh Groundiell. 4. Cotony Grommet ce ie 
ng Grol 6, Sweet fielling a 

Leaves, cut in on the edgés, she ec ng oy ken 
bacfles and ound a ch theends; Acthetops.of the 

. een or canine, 
pe naps ¢ s ot heads out of which grow fal yellow cehrun” 

See ete ome brates ewe 

e flowers, which continue many dayes blows in that manner, | 
paffe, away; in fo. down, oni wa eet carpe aman the wind: the Res 
is {mall and threddy, and foone peri but from the feed that is 

s sesh 3 againe,. fo that it maybe feene mahy moneths in. ate, borh greed 
— L Toe aurblced 3 Se oe 


The Places and Time es 

2 es ios oe , a 
Soon these be ay ubbifhs add in untilled 

bes icicle aden decane The firft fow! ae 
very Monet as [fail belie the fecond and het 

=e neeremao the other, bat the fitch 
Beth do poveer bully ee mer oe 3 

rovndjel bach mint faculties; ic coo! : ust ; 
ap taap bi . chand mlfeneth 1 nds 

The Paradhioof Plants LEG 

2 eer seen ee a een ly 


The Vortues 

_ThiedecoSion of Groandfell (as Diofcorides mihi beitig tad: vtsventa 
drune the painesoin che: S of 6. candi 
Sere toVomirywhichthe ms ptakervindrinkyor ik decoStont ob 
thie herbe isi ale withtome alee fete, being ‘Ar isfaidto — like 

[eid oro prov 
" which Adstihiolus (ai 
Teicher be me altis, 

Kernels n an ecbfebe bod The} of 
; 2, Or, :. cms aes 1 role bolt The jes 
kincenfein Seeies, uledin WoAnds ; whether of the body.or of che Nerves and 
Sinewes doth fingularly helpe to heale them; and fa: doth the down of the Heads 
ufed with Vinegar, as the fame Author faith; but i ‘it be: in drinkey ic wilk 
Scie any peeps orsign a reir aa 
operties, but efpecially for the inflammations 3 andwasering 
them by reafon ofthe ofthe defluxion of the Rbewme intorhem.- ‘ler ead 
See ear ani beabtal o— see aie ‘pot-beliyed: rough coftiveneff 

———— — sseamers = ar . — 
The. Kinds, 

. There be fandry. forts of Radifh, whereof fore béléngiarid white; -orbers, long 
andreddith ;: fome round and white 5 found or of che forme.of a peare 
and ofa blackifh colour, fome alae fomerame: As. 1, GardetmRadifh:-2,' 
Small girden Radifh.. 4. Round Redifh, 4 Riga aban adie: sc 
Radith, - Be Water Radith } Shae 

Pan Ss g Fy F 3? nt 
at ate fied The Forme, a & ati: fi 

eapaes Ss 
. ws ‘ re HQ 

Siete en: the Stalk’, falicof a pies ; 
proses N iy wherein — is contained the: feed ,. of: @ light! browr 
colour fomwhat greater then the feed, either: of Tumnepot Cabbage The voote 
is grofle, long, white, and {omerimes reddifh binging she “so alwaies; 

sndots harp tat Mee 
2k = a, Re athe: ab ~ Sita ee 

o7 The Places ahd Times rT 
Be _Thefomre ff ae inhabians of the Garden,and require a loofe ofciahd: wil 
sath t ng, manured x and isfomwhat tat,’ ‘They: pro'per well in fandy 

y cold yo wh ‘Hoc fofub ject to worms as ‘it 

, C3 A, cold yowh > they are. 
re other. “The ffegrowesh upon che borders of bankes and citches elt upand 
he-bardersiof moiit fetldes. The fixth groweth in ditches, {tanding-waters , 
andRivers: “ The Garden kinds are {own'in February , and March, and fo-along 
till youcometo November, but the bett time for fowing them is: June y and July 
for:then they-yeeld moft, becaufethen they will not flower nor {eed till the next 
: Set en the prefently, yettheyare 
m in May, then afterwards Wild kinds ‘fl PE Pe? 

Pitan ete ta oe ee ee a se schintiad? Cilaianinat TS A alilinesl Quel earl on oe peor lili ath CEE yo  ; tilancona 

ce Ae and sits thin , by reafon of the | 

biting cise oa ruteth in it.» Galem maketh them hot in the third degree» 
and dry in the cond, and ech: haves rather lance, 1 ie 

maligne buraprs Bak the Seomack omit sO 

1. the Mor ig neo ain rr 
= Kand grolle . theme ch ttickethin the Chef, ei , 
aoe ly,and drivii our Seamer: Spee; ts over 
ight in aa, or Rhenifh-Wine, Kiba tie ree ne = ae 
eRect. The roor ftamped with Honey, <irlcheananelie of a | 
mifeth the Haire co grow in a fhore fpace. The’ feed alfo caufech Vomit, 
cet] erm, and being drunk with Oxymel or is Vinegar 5 i ae 



* Tie bavadiveop Pints. 548 

and nd driveth forth Worms. The Root ftamped with Meal of Darnel, and a little 

White-wine Vinegar, taketh #Way y AtPBRRK dnd blew fpors, on a ble- 
ithe s ou phe face. The Root bo led in Broth; and che decoction drunk,1 

poi pes r vv omiene idktiels; antd canferh: HEAT eles 

ce sori ot oye grit pe ivery ahd for Hick, ahd 

ci ented 

iis of thé Bebly* ee ie it tyr thie, 
bie re nbc Tesh beeaintaith ae ae whe 
eating re Toad-ftool8; any iN Fite 

fon, Someeat them raw with bent mene: Secher Beil buc being {fo eaten, 

they yield» sede little nourifhmentyairdtink Atel y, zi ill, sea a the moft wa 
hey areule wee with m cure a pip 

Psa enseey eee a dh ay eau nie 

ally, ifthey be ess after meat : cs tele Bey C 

chings, and will make the meat oftentimes to rejol et site the recy 
ona faid; that had eden Tih ied Witt ah 

oaiW ni haqsoft 3 aniod etts0lo> W olay rie et rbidw bit! lgiois isd t9ani sdT 
Ts moniods dsiassto bas ViImsMisis¥ Timioy OF Hislis) -Wawi> Dis piso 10 

te ewromusd yussw ody bas+.on fears ip? reais od biswavyob aug o Olle dioo 
&s mays 2OlEWE 311s mings 271Kg A asift bus anotis aby 

te eqoH asbboCE ba aero paontgs daivy palyod ad a Bias ay bonded 
a pis , b Pip $F] Pod: poe 4 I xp ae isattsT oro} 
aust ods Haiegs dleiisens Yt Bis SMOF 101 ¢ lore Y1973 mous 

sireqis, ib fitvs bas sagord oly 31 uiptrgic or itd 
ii ae 
guia Po © oli biovs 03 cour. fatgod ovstl oainibeM gain — 
ragige bis joyit 911 dromodrpantt orls aud shiogitrg : ln @ 30M 11 11941 
Le ai ey ate Riatletearaoapetios 
ig 94,4 
The aunes call ii Aram 

is ‘ Pak 

gta not from-rhis,a thosigh he ANQ race 

lithythe Black, Aller, or eAlder-tree,<k which, cherqis: ove i hile 

cicripeionsfellowerhs ios! 96 261/29) Lod) srofist os ening 913 yas 9263 03. 
“0 rad busd u6y vs Svisgisqoled din roan ods dewod? <bavol mo: 45 
zoxild bus. eles ile 20! fale! ihe Pane: 508 ods bnid leah Sirerrasiers sila 12 

oe. drow 200 tliw 3i otis 10 Arik bs vib od Aum olls aids sud _;iostedds 

os tdrrrean efssbut for 
the moft part, tot te ike a Hedge, Bu te omen ces: i 

wag of the Body being white, and of a dark red ar he core or heart,the outwar 
Bark being of a blackith colour, whereon many white {pots are noted co be feen; 
butte iiiner Bark hext to the Wood is yellow, which being chewed, wall curn 
the {pittle yellow, as much, or more then ‘Rasbarb, near unto a Saffron colour: 
the Leaves are fom:what like untaithdfé oftife ordinary Alder-tree, or thofe of 
the Female Cornel, or Dog-berry-tree, but blacker, and not fo long, but rather 
rounder, the Flowers: GEE cor gi ery wy Sees with the Leaves 
which curn into {mal¥ aa afoerwasii but 
blackifh when they are thorough ied as it were into two parts, whereim 
is contained rwo {mall, round, vand flagSeads girhe Root runneth not deep into 
the ground, but ipreacec rather under the uppe: cruftof che Earth, — 
mS tol ti ta: is 2 Baie seelhy Geiad. fhe. ny aetna Hood afbstias of r 
=" Pip deiday vic ae Gi ‘at News NM. o7 dsr ea tic Olig zi ott sa gbtt id ss 4 

9 las prlaes Aol oy | Mod: si08t 3i shige or Hei bobs +9" 



oe “adam i imbden, =< 

SPS rity beia 
a | é 

a The, Placheiand Listes ree ca iv ney 

PhS Tree or 1 Shrub g gover in. ‘Woods and Copfes thar i 220 aio ati 
faith; chat he found great cu lenty of it ina Wood, called Se, Johns Wood, in the. 
way between I fington and Horn bas bi hand of the way,and in the Woods - 
at Hampffead, and othe x se at dat 

ries pe Se 4 
bales cee J ig ; i ¢ < ith9 
i E €Alsd JUG boo! L.bisidn £10} 

sa sey ¢ 

7 potty obaug ffi br CRAERT EE | oth 

Cones iti slit as eft nf 
it aid ry sali, : 
: the Vertues and. eats! orf 3H th bia ia 
_, Tins aoa chit ion ses . 
o purge downw er: Pegonmaithen banca 
PA ral sel aa ay firengrheneth the inward parts again sonar oeng 
doth: If it be boyled with Agrimony, Wortaeea Rosse: Honea 

fome Fennel and Senelitpe, 5 Rnciye ae Roots; 
taken every ome tinie together,it is very sin she a 
fome purging Medicine eke a 

= “for i ‘beb- 

Engular 00 vowilh tid 
Seproenten een 
the inner Bark be 

~ the Paradife of Plants. 233 
tonly Gandivesy, which fi ignises an Acorne, but whyn> body knowes; neither the 
ric it telte, nor fhell, nor husk, being jike rco-any of the kinds of Acornes + Iti i 

called by Lobel, Glans unguentartaC athartica, Sil: quata, but we inthe'e daye 
call ic more: niually in: Lacine Nex Ber, andthe Oyle thereof Olesna de’ .. 
or asthe Ancients calied it Ofnm Balan'‘num, andin EngiithyThe Oily Nut Ben, 
of which there isbur one kind mentioned by. any Author,, theetione;i in the next 
place, I fhall — you with, : | pint 

The Forme: 

~The Treaguneseon this Nut groweth, for the ft two or three yeares fvinoeal. 
up, and perifheth in Winter againe to theroot, and arileth againe afrefh eve- 
ring, buratter it becometh three or four ‘yeare old,ir groweth more Woddy ; 

It fifech mp yearely atter the firit, with one tteeme fhooting forth branches of 
winged Leaves, or rather winged branclits of Leaves, the Barke being whitith as 
the Leaves are alfo, but they are compoted after {uch an order, as no other treeis 5 
for the branches rife up with the ttemme.or body, divided into {undry other imal. 
ler twigges no bigger then rufhes, fet withrwo feverail {paces dittanc 
farre a funder y ending in {mall points like haites ; but have no. eyes or bu 
the feet ofthe Leaves, as the {mall branches of other ess The Leave 

fall away, leaving the branches bare, which t Ww like unco ording 

a Broome, whenit psa Lot the Leave: @ pe. 

ng noc much TO, cps pubes ois rte 
perereses res: 2are flowers or fruit in our Chriftiat Coun-: 
yi era oes or fruits , faich as have been brought over to us enclo‘ed in 
Ce ies as a\fo out of their huskes , crow fome Gngle: » and fome two toge- 
therin an huske, the lower and upper end. whereot is tmall and fharp. pointed 5. 
being about an hand breadch long in all, rou of a darke Afhcolour on the 

ciycoton ried -ddith on the infide; eof the fubflance oF | leather, li 

1e infide 

with a sho este 
lyeth, which 1s not alt erin ipid, 
iin a kind of roger @ upon the ta(ling almoit read 
out of which is preffed an Oile, like as is out of Al m 
Shells.or hskes;a5 fone a e uppo ed, peng Hass 
oe The Places and Time. hess = 3 5 

~ This Tree srtotech in Shi Arabia; Ethiopia; ‘atid ndia, where dare 
its fruit to pertestion, which ic hath not been known to dom Europe ‘ no nor fo 
sepiosee aseanet as Tfaid before, 

pce 2 are tel 
“pie bole Ne 6 OF avery piging quality 

~ Adam in Eden, Or, 

The Vertues. 


Vinegar ming!ed together, doth purge the body from grofie, and: thin Phlegme~ 


heiecta zl 

eots ad hard- fw 

as thofethi 


verers Of its Wertues,call 

“The Paradile of Plants. 2c 

The Kinds 

Theribiaiig te: chhniodigo Cera Sena, 1 have added five more of the batatd 
kind called: Colatea which make feavenin all, As. 1, Sema of Alexandria, 2. 
The Sena of Italy. . 3. Ordinary battard Sena, with bladders, 4. The great 

Scorpion baftard Sena; Se Miedeshe-Scornioti hhaltatd Sen renee 
or 7: eco 2 pe aca : 

. LRSID bi The Firm, asd 53.5 41 34 

, Senasiodleearia hich tates Seve which, is odin the hops groweth 
saya hiehte chenva cobleywecheflendeh bes , fet with many 
so seater tery Siagamvethendoeiened, which 

being eda brought over unto us, itthey be frefh , will {mell very like unto 
Hay : the Flowers ftand at the rops of the branches,one aboveanother _ 

ofa yellow colour, after which come crooked thin husks fafhioned fornwhat like 

sae mamma. ori armhme pact whee pred) go ceive STOWE | 

clofe cogether , that they can: hardl ) grow flat feeds , ve: 

Grape kernells but: of a blackifh: gecubeslentin _and{omwhat { 

peritheth (as itis aoe 
Pha wal haves ivrt3 ws 

- The Places 2d Time 

“The firft groweth (as itis generally thought) in Arabia Falix,and in Syria allo 
as fome fay, and brought to Alexandria aan = Ss 
from thence caaipores into parent and | 

Marthiolus faichwas 1 in Dead son 

> 4 i ge: ‘ ad is 
<% ad 
mae ey The Temes cmerteare, 
wpe | eid ey) 

: SUT js lid See Og litt a ming cowards the 
firft degree of heat, but more then the third im + Itis ofapi fac 

and that by the feole in finch fore, as it is not much troublefome co mang mae 
pli garter} wnt 3a paige 3 

VE TeI St 3 Ie as ‘et ? better rel 

and flegme from the 2h and Brain, the Lungs and Heart, the Liver and Spleen, 
cleaning all thofe parts of fuch evil: humours, as by pofleffing them, 1re caules of 
tho’e Duleafés incident unto them, if a dram thereof be taken in Wine or Ale, or - 
Broth fatiing: Ic ftrengrhenech the fences borh-offight and hearing; iand pratu-_ 
~ reth.mitth, bytakingaway che inward humour, and:1s madnefs , the 
Phrenfie} &¢. Iriseiven alfoin all Head-achesjand Palfies, the'Falling-ficknels, 
and foul Dileates of the Skin, as the Scab, Itch, Leprofie, 8c. )Jt is-very proftab'e 
in che Obftruétions of the Spléen, and Hypochonders, and again{t-hard {welling 
thereof: as alfoin Chronicall Agues, whether Oxzartan, ot “ OQuotidian, It cahii- 
etha frefh, quick, and lively habit of the:Body, and cleanjeth, and purifieth the 
Blood. The Lye wherein Seza and Camomile Flowers have been boyied, is com- 
mended for weak Brainsjco sre probable or the Si if fendibow wath- 

Sete ee Gecnl berakes aati 

Snpetoreneinerlaf Bedest™ rds 2 ddownwards, not oo Sear a 

totheStomack and Bowels, avoiding rough Flegnwand Cholerzthe Seed is more 

forciblein each of thofe qualities ; » and therefore is faid, tovavail in pains of the 

it is feldom given but to:ftrong Bodies; when no better purgers areat 

hand, "Theophrafiue faith, ic fatteneth Sheep wonderfully, and therefore much 

fed in thole Countries where he fives bur; as iioom proved in ours, » 

vit ‘ - + ee ti igrste? et Tt o> } ilsey cit fess enrd 
bas antegei: “CHAP.  OLve ber sd evo:d nrtegzakgato! & 

; yr ’ 2% : 
ek > hee tas eT pov aes 1K a fing oe} a Tas “7 +I payiog fis sot g 

es a) wT: 4 to sah, gas = ‘ ill: :2y we? stE GaN, eek 
ini evititizesiq any fot A. affod Be x ah ef eOETOf 


SS rey. 

23 ; Sais" & Sibb eh. oy 

5 See ~hSe 

: ea 

Mat SS Bs 

OD balk te 
< ac CF 

the Paradife of Plants. a - 

Pearls, or the common white ite Dafhdill,. 7iFrench Daffodil: Soltalian Daffodil}. 

g.The double white Daffodil of Con/tantinaplet 0.Milk-whire Daffodillrr: ‘Ruth 
Daffodil, 22.Lace flowring Bufh-Daffodiil:t3:The Perfiaw Daftodill, 14, The 
great Winter Daffodill. 15. Small Winter-Daffodill. Therfixth fort of Daffodil is 
that whichis mojtcommon ifi arog wes fe the defcription whereof fol- 
loweth.- sYO1C yet OOd fitive bagout baa 

ff 20° Isnt: 

The a 

The common ~Safodill hath Yong,far, mn thick leaves, fall of a flimy ju juyce ; < 
among which rifech up a bare thick ttalk, hollow within, and full of juyce. The 
Flower g sroweth at the top,‘Of a yellowifh white colour, with a yellow Crown, 
or Circle in the middie, The Rootis white, and.of.a ay or Onyon fafhion, 
reg not wager divets effects by which it propagated 

The Places and Times. 

ol The Daffodiliswirh ParpleCoronets do: orow wild in fundry places of Franc 
but ‘chiefly i che" Meadows of Burgundy and Switzerland. The: Ruth-Daffody 
groweth wild in Spain, among Graffe and ether: Baer eS aes ate ie Ses 
aremovt of them coke found in our Bag apt ni 

aldwe forthe molt 

art oni thie pris: Won 

qomnchiobepbnine of ae unto the end of Apri, The Perfiay and wee 
Daffogills, do flower in September and oe aa 
aos The Temperature, Si8ts SOREL 2c | étok 
; “Tete Nocipae a cee eet Degas 
See LW cman all cara RMT sence sat wb a et 
Befides the oeoiiatd erie a of Daffodils ft dcdiag Garlands cg coe 

the Spring-time, it hath many Phy call properties: : amongtt which; there is none 
more eminent, then that the Roots ther move Vomit, whether they be 

eaten ordrun eing (amped and ftrained, and gi in dtinksheyk 
the Cough an . fete of soot be pacers ant Bale Venda 
d, be boyledin Wine or Water, with a little Anni 


Root newly gathered, be boyledi 
ane Sait ice NLR ‘ 
‘che pei tared SECOr,.’ 

ur nage ‘bjtea cough an 
The fame 

con dee oe =] 3, 3 re : 
shat happen. eer aes : eye 
Pings: Cleaning; and seta a a ‘Being lapel oney, sy pie 
ter-wile, they shelp them that are burnt ro fire, are jonny, an | 
ins of the joynts. The elie 

great wrenches of the si 
flamped with sae! Leayen of ebresd, hafteneth to ns 

ite ae 
sata als 
Kyi: Th Gry Hi fre yi its 

eidagvor 454 if ea 
SE: a) * 

238 nin in Eden, Or, ; = 

mentioned, thedouble walow, Daffodill, and the common yellow ‘Daffodilly, 
wees sby tool; tough and flegmatick humours, and alfo waterifh, and is 

that are “9 of crudities ; efpecially, if there be added therecoa 
= Social and Ginger,which will correstthe churlifh hardne(s of the work- 
ing, The difilled water ofDaffodils doth cure the Palfie, if the Patient be bathed 

and rubbed with the faid liquor, by the fire, as hath been proved by that diligent — 
fearcher of nature, Mr, Nicholas Bel gee f . 

: eas pee i CHAD, CLYE | 
ne OFT W hite Hellebore. oe 

‘piration, qhed cibmms corporis eripiat, becanfeit deprives the: Body of nous 

Elleborum,and alfo Helbornsand 
» Helleborum, and Veratrum album, Veratrum, 

quod mentem vertat, or rathely 
A verando, becanfe ic curech them that are counted mad , which were formerly 
suey Agi and Veraculi; andalbxm, to diflinguith ic from the black, chis 

in refpect of tas a amt 


Rado held dhe ch ata ent thattlelves. 1.0m : 
dinay €Fellebore ron Nessng Roos: 2. The hep ent 1 with 

; or our Ladies Slipper. 4.The {mall 
white Hellebore, ion Cee Flower, 5. The {mall white Hell salen bce 
Flowers, 6, -Wild white Hellebore; with whitith green | Flowers. 7. Wilds sal 
Se with tetas. SPECS visto Helicbore, 


—_—_—— the Paradife of $ Plant se os 239 

wiga Anticyram, ivi intimating that there was Hellebore enough tocure him: the o- 
ther forts grow many of them in our own Land, as. well as beyond Sez, namely; 
the third, fourth, and fixth, efpecially the third in a Wood called Helks' in Lane 
cafp-re,near the Borders of York- Le enae fir(t Aowreth before the fecond.though 
it (pring earlier out of the ground, bein ing g not in Flower until} the ~tn of Jus 

reit hower about A447, fome earlier, and fome later, > | 
The Temperature, “= 
The Root of white Hellebor is shot and dry i in che tind degree; | 
“The Vertnes, — 

nt tera cot 
3 aha all we 

The Kobe afttelsid caker Without preparation of aa Body,’ wworketh very 
ty and churlifhiy, provoking extream-yomiting : yet that ed by 
the advice of {ome learned Phyfician (without whom the medjing we th ic will 
noe dangerous) i it ve ood pit them ies Sige pc can endure the work- 

of it, caufing much tongh vifcous, clam cor humours pia 
die Remick, to be avoided ; for which adie the Ox me Bel : maybe 

adminiftred with leaft dan ey a Janchol ter the ct 
abel ae Leeromee melan Ach: ly, a t vie ne Sie 
iio dhe @ xia es, and kills che Child in the 

it helps thi | opfie, SGatica Gout, Cram » pains in the 
-and Sihews. | Irkilleth tie and Rats, beitic g boyled i in wate, a trineted 
ae Flower and Honey,0 r Butter,or boyled in Miik,and fet where erred 

Teelsgand tach ce foul tebe ‘of eee ufedin eis ;-0 ! 

in Oyntments, The j juyce of the Root dropped into the Ears,helps th 
finging thereof; and being boyled in Lie, and the Head wafhed therewi 
eth and helpeth the runing Scabs and Sores thereof,boyled in Vinegar, 
mouth wathed therewith, it reafeth the Tooth-ach: The fame featelveh 
Itchy and soe in the hands, and cleanfeth foul Sores and Ulcers in the Legs and 

: the hardhefs of them,A Pef r 
sn a It is given in 

foo 2 dtm} t8 wo drams} in fabjan . tenn gral i 
wade are not knownto be edi Pak 
Bosses sn rere g ae a ee 

4 ot 4 es 4 Pe ff ey FS : is sae $e 
ee Bg gee at S45 ES ht ls SOA ce Ro ale Ped £ Perch 
4 e . ‘ ars PF pet 
4 ‘ey MTSE “oe Pot ed Pe ; sale aye eee « 
Bh xishio ayaa St PS ES IE 
: 4 s 

Pe ae O “4 pet ge 5 P 5 6 ue 
: | purging Cafsia. 
an att 2 ba oe els Se hia a 
el we’ & Se 9 oo 

240 : Adam, inden, Or, 

ike | unto Caf. Aromatien, O: Odorasa, lt As in n Engtish called Pudd. res be 
ponicele, Codis. we: ands: be 7 

el ae cy Ewe ouee gee Fae 
hae att vince 003 x fi: The Kinds. 

s:3.ebxF io! : Ho ee, 
Héretofore chase was hncue binone fore of psig Caffia ; but now there is 
another calied Parsing ie ot Brahe: 

Be | 


The ay 

‘The purging Caffia eas oroweth to be a Tree xy large foe out bignefs, whofe 
Wood is{olid ana nrm, yellowith towards.the fap, or out-fide, and blackith like 
L ‘gnum Vite at the heart, covered with a {mooth, foft, and afhcoloured bark, ves 

ry ike unto the Wallnut-Tree ; the Branches are not very great, and but thinly 
fiored with winged Leaves, coiififting of eight or ten lefler, for the molt part five 
anding’on | each fide Of the Halk, without ‘anyodd one attheend: the Flowers. 
jel iow and large, many growing cogether ona long ftalk, and hanging g down, 
con’ {ting commonly of tour, and ( ometisties ot fiye Leaves, with many: reeni 
threds in the middie, ftanding about a long, flender, crook umbone or Horitjof 
A very {weet {cent, e! ‘pecially i in the mortiine before thie’Sun fhine vf poh them;bir 

~ grow weaker in {meil. as the Sun groweth horter : The fmall Horn in Behe middle 

of the Fiower, groweth to be the pod, which is firft green, ten purpte, and atter= 
Wards black, being of divers fizes Soci for lengch aind greathels, iome a foor, 

ape a ae and half long, atid fome longer, witha hard, round, wooddy wrinck= 

ea eg mai afeame as it were, Ora lift 
Oe poset Aba 
tw reads ite pe 

evel to. arate ister fs aA ssid that ic was braneht 
Syria,and Armenia, andfrom thence into Egypt, where they plane: 
an picacrenee = pablagem eae ae ufe 2 it. was fartt dif 
COV of that. is fpent in Emrope, is bro m ifpaniolawhere 
Spaniards have planted abundance of them: The other growerh in Brajily - 
whence it was brought i into the’e parts. The firft fourifheth chiefly i in Fuxeand 

the fruit hanging upon the Tree all the year, is gathered much about rhe time of. 
the fowring$ forthe Tree holding his green Leaf all the Winter, hath uftially 

th blofloms and green truic, sete all avone tie. The time of che otbet # 
reese = 

| scingtaken wich Rebork. andaserus a Bg: 
ind els theteo,ceanfeth thes omachy 

| the Paradifle of ‘Plants. 241 
from Cho’ er and Fiegme,clearing the biood,and quenching the heat thereof, and 
is therefore profitable in all hot Agues, and Feavers, It is alio profitable for fuch 
as aretroubied with the Pleurifie and Jaundite, or heat of the Liver, mixed with 
convenient Liquors. Ivis good likewife for the heat of the Reins and Kidneys, and 
bringet!: forth the Scone with Grayel,beingalfo a good prefervarive avain(t it,it ix 
Fol wath a decoction of Liquorice &Parfley Roots. It is very effeétual againit 
all Rheums,& {harp diftillarions,$ againtt cholerick &.melancholick Difeaies. It 
is alfo often, ufed in, all kinds of pectorall Difeaies, as old Coughs, fhortnefs 
of breach wheefings ,.and the like, ifat be taken with Agarick, as fome advile, 
Being outwardlyapplyed to thofe that have rheGout,it eafeth the pains thereot.& 
is a good Gargle to alliage & mitigate the rumours and {wellings of the Throat, 
Icisufed in Plaifers and Ointments againtt hor Pimples,and other eruptions or 
breakings our of the Skin,& to take away the roughnefs thereof. It is a {afe Medi- 
cine, and may be on with Child,and all other perfons at any time, 
except to fuch as ha yit, weak, and flippery Bowels, yet given with Spick- 
nard, Maftick, or Hiera piera., there is little danger, efpecially rothe Guts, to 
which Croffixs doth appropriate it by Signature, there being fome fimilitnde bee 
tween them, The young Cods taken whileft they. are {mall and-ereen, ‘boyled a 
little, and then laid in the fhadow a while to.dry,.and) after:| ieshinSiapetvan 
Honey, doth purge the Body, as the pulp or black fubitance, and is adelicate me= 
dicine for tender and weak {tomacks, that abh tre all other Phyfick. and hereof 
the ufuall quantity is 3, or : Oundes, to betaken at atime by elder perfons, and 

The other fort of Cafia, which groweth in Bra fi: is 
rectual in pw then chac of Hifpaxiola; fer ic hath been oattrans 
perience, that one Ounce hereof is as forcible as two Ounces of the other, andis 
as effectual for all the aforefaid Dileafes, 

n theft. fm 

Havin thus largely: 

ner gethe Stomach, bosh wp- 

cin leg el a bags ot 
wards and downwards, £0 wisicl ps aes? 1 which might be nddcd, 
Goce thy reef th dete ent part of this work)as Aloes,Agarick,A(ara- 
acca, the Rinds of Wallnues,che nc f Dill che Roots of Berony, 
8c, and alfo fome of thefe which went part, asthe Roots G 
Seeds of Orrach, the Flowers of Peaches,the middle Bark of Elder & Dane-wor, 
the Seed of Rocket, &c, w/t of which are very windy; oublefome tothe fro- 

mach, nnle[s fome correttive means be ufed, I fall the next place, (er 
: a Mattick, Cinamon, 

a a ~ > 
4 3 ? ee 
. +. H % eK ‘ae aa 5 ey s+ ps | y 
ye) eee eee iG! ef Fl ate 2 fDi wise aTHiS7 » 
po eg al e - = . bad ri Ld ' - 7 *; ‘ Es “= 
Me i re ae BEC o 390 Vaud is ae ee Se ee . ‘ i ‘7 7 ‘2? 2 wr ® 442 
$s 4 3 i % re) ‘4 
Sig a1 Gosteds 300727 > AP EAL? beoxdl-. 904 
Cas, + 2% , é” Z 4 pos Se ASF “ fs 
Burpee burs reatn + PP Ft-Q . here ¢ ory 2 . i9 SIT} FY e + Gg 
4 . arava 2 
ne are : ; VES. ati liwe? ze 
fi notes Sd 02-9 F . Bot ri bts Ox SHLShs iO ne 
‘elo The Names.: >< <5 4: |  esottee 

[Ei catted in Greek ter ¢; Carbs and Caram in Latine, or Carsi, as itis ih the 

Som Which names ic took, as Diafeordes Gut tor che Coumcry of arity 
Sormiwhence it was itt broight, We cal ic (raimay and Catcrayes in Engi 

ee Kinds, ; is 

riters have fer down but one kind of Car there being two 

other Herbsthat nearly refemble it, I (hall pue cheratopether as others have 

dons before me,1 Ordinary Caraway.2. Mountain Caraway. 3Medow soe | 

 . Pp é. 

* As 

sas rm Adin in eden, OF 

cone tt ieee 

> ‘ " _ 
pidsaiiorg O15 <7 The Forte, 

oThe disc) Caninyliestetls aves falks, of fine. cut bbe 683 3 lying on thie 
around. fomewhit likéto che Leaves‘ of Carots, but not ‘bufhing’ {0 thick, of a 
fietle guick tat in thems from atti Which; rifeth tp afquare talk} not fo high 
asthe Cartoe 3! avwhofe joynts are fet the like Leaves, but imaller and finer, and 
at rhe top, ffrialP oper tiates; or umbels Of white Flowers, which tuth into {mall 
bhackifla Seed Jefler then the Annileed,and of a quicker and horret aft: :The Root 
iiwhiti(h;fmalland long,fomewhat like ‘untoa Parinep, but with amore’ wrink- 
led Burkey “and ‘much Yleffe’, “fomewhat. of “a> Kerle hottith® ‘tafe 2 and 
pm alias: “sext shee Scoalgccr see anton Seed-time, Ht A 
3s: O CE akiG 
okt | pe 2 wa? “qThe laces ie peed i au 
Se Ao ase ; bY indies . ee ia 
or The Fitton ee lid Gardens, yer lb reall by Th Agus; 
to grow wildin Germany) in'many places in the fields; and by the eit A a 
fecond was found on the Pyrezcan Hills, and thelafhin the Pields, and Meadows 
of Germany, ss Trapani alfo. ae pepe ei ir thicir Seed 
eelbar Coord DIC TF SRG M30 jack 

si es S559 ree ite 
rhe T remper ature ee ee s zebiaa7 36) aainib 
. 10.8 a vzignemp | awe 

ims Seton TAS ismoPuled in Saya ih hot and diya Ces nas Gales 
Sede ax eae er 24 ee Ssase td als mh Sasteg 

| “Tepe binisols ori3 [fe 40} lewBotiges 

ws eral : . 

refit ~ itsq « 

Lanyear eet in Germany’ 

wheat; as tyre nay 
een own led With Witid) would feceive 9 Spear deal o 
nefit’from them; {Overy condhicible fo aii Cold otiets OF 
aoe 1 Bowelsor'Mi fer pas alfo the Wind in tf 
fa fare vic hey eit pple ; 

ther Britic, cob vr ts Ai end, the wh eee 
tho’e pursing hen which OnE DENCLATE EE a fe met . 

ee being one of che sas, greater Soman Seeds, Ic is Guid, thar. rhe (aid 
quicken and cléar the Eye-iighr; e eee sift ey be powdred, and {prink- 
Jed upon hor Barley-Bread, the Eyesibeing: held overth he Vapour thereof, fe alfo 
provoketh Urine, helpeth the Cough, andis good again(t the Phrenfie,and yeno- 

mous bitings. Being put into a Poultis, ic taketh. y black and blew {pors of 
blowes, sor or and sane Scab aban bi oehe and rhe IRB 

iy i 

mh s dgeion. T sctiner a" es dhe Secd 
rye , AO! #4 AOUDI ) he-low - > Be 
the} eS Wind Choli erin 

So a 
@wt enisd ox Fu ¢ YANN TA die Raiden uae at oved zasnisW SOM 
adisio « 9907 mods sq iledd 4. -spldamsion yl1ssa tedz a0 nol 1909 
Reread oot ewe: 22 ale med Fa ga AP? 


of Comin a = ie Hoa 

sycaltedily Geek» sume sani Eels Cuniouy tose inti sg 
Picciaat Authours as Diofcorides ; Theopbraftus, &c. made hereof many 
kinds; calling them from the fundry Countryes where they grew, as te ppiiven 
Galatinm Spriacsins, ac: Yet it is confidently held t pried eri ih 
fpecie, but inlocs preregativa ; for although one fort of bed Was tough or hairy 
and white, and called Cuminum eclimce: which Hippocrates: called ‘Reginm 
as the bet ; arfotherinot rough or hairy, called eALgyprinns: not that they were 
fevetall fores, but that'one was better then another, as the Country gave it it good. 
neffe or comes In eric it is ane aces and te sath ae 

trike to be bared ‘ as I faic be Se thersretre ter nih al om 
fharp Cumin of Malta, 4, Wild Comin 

ps ge hm. 3 ; ; : ry 
Wet we he be os . 

_ ‘The Forms e 

« ~ a & Lalo te tee 
. saad. £> Ped  dagqqo! 
> wes ie 
ss” pea ‘ a 


(i, 10 

with Stas: ose 
dong like 'wnto‘ Fennell The Flowers-arefom= A 

pines Roitietie oo almof round , “ctefted of: raked ‘ont thes 
and felling Reon ; Therooris is fimall, jones a y 


Est Couneyes where i Towen i Steno pale 

paginas tes peek bleticifl 
eee apo ee 
Serr At Sanday 

244 : Adami im pEden,0r, gee 

SS edie 

The Lila’ | 

_ ‘Cumin-[eedis.a\fo another of the fol great Caimtnaivesteeds > and there- 
fore it difiolveth izd in any part ofthe body, andieafeth the paines of che Chol- 
Zick,being boyled in Wine and drunk,and 1s ufed-as a Correétor ot any Windymeat 
Or Medicine.For one that hatha Stinking breath , ifit proceed "of — fumes, 
rifing fromthe Stomack, it may be uled thus; Take two handfulls o! Cumix(eed, 
and Boyle itina pottle of good White-Wine, till halfe be wafed, then {treine ir, 
and drinkit firft in. themorning, for fifteene dayes togerhier, andlaft ac nightal'o, 
halfe a pint ata time, hor er cold : it helpeth allo thoiethat are bitten by Serpen 
inthe fame manner, _ The fametaken in Beere or Poffet drink, is good for 
1 gs fhort-winded, or are otherwile troubled withan.old Cosgh,. orth 
breaft,to boyle the fame with Figs in Wine, . Icis alfo very 


in the Dr 20 lie aes .and in Giddinefe of the head, . Ificbe uled atten, 
as Bea tomakes : party loo} eure 3 and pheseloreit was in great requelt inth 

and sale ay of requelt ibs 
edin, Wine ; -and.Jo madeinto a P 

th away sins OF cit dds, cauled by any Wind or Wateri " 
( <n 7 nung se Saag ih Vine 
Selon t st O bletaing at Eee ee 

good for moll Sromack, that are rroub 
7inesa it faveth the SEE ES ata te 
ereter pace thai Blak shor bem by 

Vote 3 s 

= The Paraciti of Plants. 

. 7 os a ciementneetmnensie <i cattails. alsa uate enesantins esate ni teantearmmanandmsins” nance 
——s————— ————a 

* r “ 

see tat = A 

— — P xe raoe hy 
shies \eik any tantb 2: ee: ‘CH AP, ene wt 
~ + - . - tt 
WEA 2B Mek YOS a re 


esti’ Dos A. Sieh 2 1s Hay. rui3> ag 2 oui cA — 
ryailived !s 998 Resales oie Came Ss ivi rome otlw 
~ndl dlsilssndge deere st hy compen Fa clad Aen bere 

oth b Ores te} peas bl 

a “t : 
eg zi UyaSS Noda fe eos = ai is tke Nas 1 TD T 119! aD DoE die 
e a3 L 7 VE Ob a 

-2033 918 16dl¥siod) - Of O99 Gnlirann 2: losiedi msbwod od ba . Oni 
See adnessances sae hele mart’; Hath many core 

santo ene: I fone nan yin one pees wih aed 

turall to ir, ir beareth Rrong godt hard seyeceesra ke +e aving d 

brownith or purplith heskes ae containing within them; moffy,wt 

jue abserwhaitane te wherein lyetharchaf feed ; the root is ftringy oF full of} 
hard,-a8 they ate bran ACO 05, og a ge 

WY Si 

Ter 8 ot Ows 3 


oe a vdeo. in Edens Or 

Lar tance 


ll atcha <aedennreicememrnet attleeg 

ee ate nt mo 

~ ‘The Decoétion ofthe Flowers.of Camels. H. ay ac) drunk, as Diofcorides 
wrireth, is very effectual for the difeafes and dethes of the Stomack Lungs, Liver 
and Keines, as alfo for the curing of thofe that | ipit blood, The {ame Author like« 
wile affirmech that it provoketh Urine and Womens counfes,difcufferh all Swvellings 
and Wind, but is fomwhat offetifive tothe head: ic gencly cutceth orbreaketh hu- 
mors and digeftech them and loofeneth the breathing places of theVeines, cis 
good alfo againft Poyfon, and the Venome ot Serpents ,and therefore it is a good in- 
redient in in wAidreanied for that PurReler. dea! thereof .taken with ai 
Hi of 5 of FSRPPC RN ry morning jfafting for certaine a bs togerher y. is very e- 
ia that have a} loathing in their Srcoma to meat, and is a very 
remmedy forthe Droply» and for, Convulfions or Crampes : .-The fame 
“ollick, P. and raw matter in the body, or any mem- 

‘the: a big drunk with Wine, Bader go 

NEE RES ba tinh it crene pled. Wi 
etn humors; cutteth tough Phesme , and confumeth congealed matterin 
the body, and thereforeitis_ ‘Of excellent ule , for the ftopping of Urine or Wo- 
miens Courfes (as isfaid before) caken-cither in drinke or by fomentation, andbe- 
empha tal alfoallayeth the inflammations of the Liver ,. Stomack, and 0+ 

ofthe body. The whole Plant is nied to be boiled in the broth oe : 

20 cafe a. panes of the WVombe , that VVomen 
owder thereof is fing Begcoc ior thofe that eae 

the Patadife of Plants. 247 

The Form. 

Exft-India Ginger groweth with Leaves, like unto che Water Flagge,or Corne 
“'Blagee : the Hower is fomwhat like unco that of the flewer-de-luce; the pods 
“andieéd alfo beitic not much unlike che pods and feeds ot thefame; the roots 

do likewile {pread very much under-ground in a tafhion not much different from 
the rootes of rhe betore-nentioned Plant... This is che bett defcriprion I can 
prefent you wich at prefent,it being a difficult thing ro defcribe in words the true 
proportion -ofrhofe Plants whofe formes we conid never have the happineffe ro 
- ec, having received them only from the relations of travellers, who very much 
iffer. Key iias tty 
The Places and Time. 
The firtgroweth, as Garcias faith; inall the Countries of the Ba/?-Indies, ei- 
ther planted by che root or fown of feed,efpecially in China and Bengala, where 
~4cis often preferved greene y atid fenc into the Evropean Countryes. ~The black 
Ginger which hath Reed like Leaves eroweth in Spaine , Barbary, in checaubry 
wdflands andthe Acore:, andlikewile Hsspaniola neere Santo Domingo. » Ie flou- 
. tifheth in che hor rime of the Summer, and looléth his Leayes'in Winter; ° > 

vd bas . whan). 2% 02 siguord al 1 ys heed a seein) elas Died 

. ce Ranging Eid _ Taare MP; ttn Bee Be. we . 

eS Se y i@ORHTc J és wary f Z - <3 BT 2e? ew et we i#) 
Ginger heaceth and dryeth in the third degree. 

egpigeat 8 2todwA ya ‘The Signature and Vert nes, 

then fuffered rofettle for 

ugar mii 
in the fhell, and eaten 
ntly the Heites) -Betng 


“Ginger bang g prelerved, ; er aij lake Sesicah meat, warmeth the Stomach, 
and dryeth up the moifture that comech by eating of fruir. It is g00d for the 
Phlegme of the Lwngs, the ofdCoxgh, fhortneffe of breath, andall Cold griefes. 

inopencth Obstructions ». helpeth dige/tion, and appetite, and expelieth groffe bas * 

: " wersand Wind, Whil’t the blade.ts freth, ic is. ufed by rhe Indians in Sailers 
~ and Jikewwife in shsitbeatt and eat and annie ACL oe fe 

Bidbiese, si, plone 

at sion i sdcpedimmncts eeltidind dele aise a 
“yg” OF Galageg, 

ee Ra, <3 aaa a 

: 7 fom t 1 as mentioned by Dir or anyo- 
_ «dither | me imagine chat_ 
te was not in ule in Europe, ienion times. nor fo muchas known, fo that 

the Greek name thereof, ma’ y not be expected, At is calledin Larine Galanga, 
and veda fe the open whofe Countrey it is brought to us, Ca agin 
of Fauas 

Lad Kinds, 

wis Teo! oy ng > hein Kew Te ‘4 el fe <9) 


ran The F B¢ Di iy Hipage syd ie 
f “s¢ e.g . 

jiiscnr ome oberwo cubis y 
long, and matow na 5a 

HAZ ID Englithi it 1s Called Galanga, but oneeey —_— a 

sail : “ae oo = a ~ ani = age acta adie a wy nedirt se enn 
the Paradife of Plants. £49 
moytt bimily Helps the Vertigo; or Swimming of the Head, and’ avails’ again the 
palpitation or beating of the Heart, and is very ufeful in the g gnawing of the fez 
mack, and eafeth the Cholick, which proceedeth of Wind, and in the Diteafes of 
the Mother, and ftopping of rhe Urine,and hath a fpeedy operation to clean{¢ the 
-paflages thereof, from flimyflegm, and (tones gatheredthereify orim does 
the neck ofthe Yard,andalioto wattand coniume. any .flefhy excrete i in 
the neck of the,Bladder or Yard, Befides, isnot only provoketh to Vewery, 
helpeth Conception; {o that there cannot be a better thing for thofe i de- 
fire to fupply their want of Children ;. for it is profitable for them that have cold 
Reins, and nr ese: for chem 4 oe have feldand windy diftempers of the 
Womb. led in Wine,. an at 
Wome bene ouee of the Spleen, There basen 3 Pe Pe ed eet _ 
ries Shops,both a Powder and Electuary,whole chief Ingredi lent is Cabebtee 
which prevail againft Wind, fower belchings, and indigeflion, g > grofe 
and cold Di‘eafes of the Stomach and Liver. You may take. half ; vf 
wder at atime, or two of the Ele inthe morning ‘faGing, ‘ofan hours 
éfere meat. IfGatingall be drunk with the water or Me of Plantane, it - 
peth the Bloody- “Flux, and ftrenetheneth | Bathis comet eth the Brain Brain,2 
éth the trembling ng Ar Heart,Both, tione 

see me ee Parad. inks : 
sd AE rag or Grains of a. 


= the ake 

O Whoberet hall diene the Cots in Sexes may collect from Sec, chat 
there are five forts of Cardamomes, 1. The greater Cardamomes of the Arabi= — 
- aus, 2, The sreater Cardamomes of the PC ee : 
4-The Sefig Crdamores, §. The leatt Cardimomes 


_Bponshe Trees BacoFarufetcolow, rte 1 of fmall 

ase grow a great Cher dy 

250 ae Adam in Eden, Or, ee 

dick elicit may be plainly feen when it is a and of a vehi 

| The Places aed Time, , 

: They grow i in all the Eaft-Indieksfrom the Portof Calecute unto Cananey - 
in Malavar tin Joa, and divers other p laces, Perf s 
et fru to ipenels in Seprember 

| "The "Tehoperiatares 
Come hc ie ie Doge havingin them at aftibgene 
Scaled Condens caf Pe @, are received to 

ie it abaweth forth w: acc hicks eee from poe kes Stos 
mack, Itis in like manner a pie tale, Sciatica,the 
Cough, refolutions of the ns of the A ap the Belly,killin of Worms, 

warmeth th eee Pict’ bert h the Ao nnd riddeth 

the fhaking fits. A dram of Cardamorgie-Seedt pn Wine, 5 

Bark of Laurel, breakerh the Stone,and being mixed with Aleywherein Time and _ 
have been boyled, and then trained, it isa good remedy for the Chollick, 

With the Sciatica or Hip see Sts Vice oF thet ; 
ad ufed, paca altone nt ¢ Powder of it put into the ‘nole- 
forteth oy and et 80 or if slbeeann ee sg of Mas, in an : 

Saar ; 
a st} pee & Sa Bi ee 
he atl 
or , tee ES : FERS 4 
2: = F 
eo Qe ae sca: . : 3 +, 
. oe : =a ; 2 ; =) : : 
se . + , % 
* tiie he a a ae a ore “ , . a mie 
i ‘ ~ n See 
F 559 
oes — ce y ‘ vo caninees eee AOE 
a . 3 SA een 
. s i i 
ie xe a ad e 2 * " ¢ 3 
fe a 2. 2 a YD ENESS cy if oo ae Ps a od beg ass 

in Wine, withas much 

neo | EP cos mi radufe a Plants. ~ ee 
CHAR. ‘aii. aca dus 

=i * i - Tf ij Ja ya'sy i % 4 TE 5 

01 bic oF Pepper. bd 
«< J — EER 4 {3 ARV * TB 
Aa FES Wek Se 1€ oa ad 
4 ¢ ee ae re¢te a8 

arene c duia caleesivss phe aie 
elp sang ae pend bp: ave a be! 

- i THR NA Ig ATA neta Asthiopia; Pipe rebhopice 
I poses inpeanainntinrnyen ss avherenfehephols ditto beakind, - 

<4 “ ‘ . 4} St - 
: way wis | es Ch 10°95 i dined 3 be + 

The Kinds, oi om “ “eee o 

Of Pepper there be thefe five forts mentioned sb Autos ‘ss Black’ Pepper. 
2, White Pepper. 3. Long Pepper. oh ey 4 

vies amor ni! 2 bi ond : A 1 

Uheteorr i it ae h hold; aind athe @ even to the top; as doth che vitie? iabiping® 

_ and taking hold (bur fot With rendrells ‘as the ‘Vine doth) ofany other‘thing 1c 
meeterht withall : ‘Ir is full of Joynts, and fhooreth for SS emterinertm 

Leaves, one at a Joynt, being almoft round, but endit ‘point, greener: above 

and tar underneath, with aoreat middle = and Tails bbs fomwhac 
1g For -tPICARING, irom 1O.0n.each.iide, ¢ ' er. veines therein alfo unto the 

, which are got Faenced ; bne fmooth xii plaine, not thick, but fomwhat 

an and 2 on a pretty long ‘footftalke : The Frnitok Pepper it felfe grower 

the {ame Joynt, but oppofite | to the Leafe, and not betweene the Stalkand 

Coe as {ome have ates it down, one out along Stalk , fomv 

ly Ree Saha rent nts Creeping 

| is great {tore growing in the Kingdom = of Ch, FA and fe pit 
much, Bean groweth in prob in all. e tra > Cou 

_ where ata and Cart. ied in dae Thefe Pans nie ups cheb gin 

te. Spina abdahe ea is A; te 

! thee enipr ate S ee 

ee Ay IR 
= i 

xe be pe dige(tion; be 
andto. confume crude pip Ary sect the! 
C4 ee 

292° Adam in bden,0r, 
Head: They alfo help to break and diffolve Wind in the Stomack or Bowells, to 

provoke Urine, to heip the (ough and other difeafes of the breaf?, and are effe&tu- 
all againft Poyfon and venemous bicings, either of Serpents or other Vermine , 
and are theretore put into Axpidotes, T reaclesyind other prefervative, The fame 
drunk before the nt of a Feaver or Agnein Poffer-drink , or laid to or anointed: — 
outwardly with Oye , abarech sage gour and fhaking thereof , and wafieth the © 

{welling of Quinfy, if ic be taken wi fay, That Pepper which is taken in- — 

~ wardly, ok {mall, for feare of inflaming the bioed,and other — 
proficable humors of the sa utin outward applications , » there is mo danger ; 
‘entiehegercheeot axis sae are eee kewie ffi ng, and purgeth 

} ir dsb pie’ ‘the jos Sa} et pss Ss saod = Dp qqs ie Ez 
If that you ufe thereof before you {hake, es Rk Ge 

> and fo lik “y eine of adios Sa 3 age : 
y ob/erved by C/nfius,and by him called Afas and famina, the Male ond the Fe- 
which Taft is that which i is mOfti in nfe with rotten therefore takeits defcripy 

TIRE are ite of Plan oa 
: i ines ini 
SNS Veg } 0 adanks b.09 10) Deas ser pert 
Pai ti :stlim 20 eo as 
the Boe. CHO O° > Bind’) or € qe, 
This Tree is tid to abe veryg great, Thdas tall almoft as our Peare-Tre res fort 
: oa 

"Leaves ‘et thereon Save fat like unco the Orenge-Tree-Leaves , fet ona fhort 

ftalke unequally on the branchés’, and abide alwwayes_green thereon: The fruit 
(forthe Flowers have not been obferved ) broweth at the end of the young 

branches which are as big as Peaches . fai for the moft part on a thick 
fac ftalk having an. oarwardchatD webbie 

fi ‘the middle, which divideth 
it felfe into two pares , and growing ripe o eae nech ir felfe, fhewing che Nut with - 
in, covered with the Mace cut into several! peices, as icwvere of an 1 orient crimfon 
colour at the firit opening, but is afterwards steel the aire to Tadic = E 
and) yellowith. asiat is, When iis broughbto uss b covered ato 
Saal ovr sh beingharoles;s Nutmeg it felfe appeare 
DAs 2ilh ey N10! fi 1133032 DIO DRIAISA Bye @ 
pnidGs: Sonye <siligcd mae The Flares and Time, rai bus doo W-as ine t 
bs ise ) bans lis cr 
a “They bot grow in the Esft-Indies, bur cfpecially i in an n Wfland called Baila 
(whence fome have catled the NucWaxiBaniden/is and in the Iflands of Molucca 
alfo, though not {o good as the firit abet 4: ‘ ¢ they that do gro Dw it in. 

roete ott tad OF 

seed er oris Siads 357 «sro 
“The Tes . ARRAS 72 tO. - 
stmegs are hot and dry in tt fecond degree, and Yorba aftringesty» WWhace 
12 fecond Besice and dry in chethird, 
; esa Vertues, 
Ener msgs o not Only heat; but ftrengthen the Sremac 
efpecially the mouth. ot che: Stomach: ichftand Vomiting , and. 
Ace ee ile egainitthe paine and wWindinefle of the belly. 

and Women, The wipro chetet shiz ‘vin thestyhe of Mints) and'the 

head and temples anointed therewith, is good againft the coldne/fe ofeheberdstid 

dulneffe of the memory, It is wfedin. Cordials 3 afid wholefome receits a —_ 

coldnefie ofthe Liver, ftopping 2ofthe Asilt, the Drop/y, Vomiting , Hea. ‘. 

Swellings, Bloody-Flaxes 5. st comforceth the Lesa eres a8 ae nel 
¢ maketh the brear theacT mlapenye thecrembling of the Feare'it 

3534) Adamin den Or, 

and is good for cold’ Husbands that would have Childrenyas Nutmegs allo aresand 
in broths or milke: it is very good ro be drunke againft Spitting of Blood , Fluxes, 
= and the cegetn Oyle of Mace is dye for the Cough, 

. CH AP, /CLXVI 1 26 gt omelet 
E ii P a3 : +4 
o a 09 ne Ba 2h, The Naw; a ah oy vo es 

pSGMMIE ts Culaokeisons cations sddiviuitinies ahs Calkes suet On 
anon; but ufuall y Coriandrum,being derived from the Greek word sbevx which 
te kindof nifome Worme, which breedeth ganetaher and 
rotten-W. is called a Wall-lon. €or pany in Enelifh , whofe 

fmell, cre in erp: we Eee oa = Corio as 
Coliander; ; it; ES Sf 

¥ The Kinds, off HEL 

_ Though fousner Ages wouldallow-of bet cindlcbs of {Coriander Siipomgctie 
had been no more, yet thefe aftertimes have teftified thar there are three torts of 
it, 1, Ordinary Coriander, 2. a gets mips Coriander. 3 bei 

diriary Cahaaer ica ay inking she: having a ovine pales ful of 
beatin » Which are about two foot in length when they are at their’ ‘full growth 

whofe Leaves at the firit coming up are fomwhat broad 5 very like unto P. rfly, 
which afterwards are fmaller and finer, every one then the other up to the top, _ 
where ftand {mall loofe Umsbells of white Sean 8 round {triped hale — 

low feed, of a whitith yellow cole ur, When itistipe ; andofa leafant fcent orfa- 
vour when it is dry, buc not before, stage ard-and of n 
but dyeth na lich be dtofall, 

Ss “The Place snd Time, at ee 

fg hem places ate not Pasenrre are ido 

d wild, are by us now, as they were by the Ancients formet- 

pesky mage The /af# was fent from Barcinona to » Lyons,by Myconusto 

: and job) andsherfostis ape ra ary y do all flower in June 
— nd thei feed is ripe abone the later end of Anguf, 

ae es ae i - 

a the Paradife of Plants. 259 

The Vertues. 

> Simeon Sethi, with whom many other. learned Authors ‘do agree , affitmech 
thac the Seed of Coriander is marvellous good forthe Stomack, not only retaining 
the food until ic be thoroughly digefted, but withall doth ttrengchen and inable 
ittodothe fame. The prepared feeds being covered over with Sugar as comfits — 
and taken after meat, are of great efficacy to yclofe up the mouth of the ceesck, 
to ftay Vomiting, helpe digeftion, to reprefle Vaposrs, that a{cend from these 
to ——— and are - reser een th cee  Saamentyey with . 
Same do very muc e ont, taken in fome inal ge 
bere dn ‘upon: a fafting Stomack,and after dinner, and after $ 
‘without Hg, within tw o orthree houres after. The feeds only 
jn potas forth Hermes 0p the Laske,and bloody Fixx, and all other ~ 
iffees of blood,” It refitteth forcibly, the paines of the Wind Chollick, 
ihe ernie of Urine, “Te is faid chat for (0 many feeds as are drunk thereof 
fon many da li the (owrfes ofthac Wéman that drinketh chem ey as the 
Following itles do alfo intimate ; a 

Xenocrates ingnit sciden Bpfare debe Sins og clay me aD oS ia 
Dinfrne, que mallet Cerra: oes aoe Rage 


sgteer nie tee 

erent el der boyled with Rue a weneee Mints, and held in meet aii 
ee peth the Powla ot Palate of thertiouth being fallek down , the juyce 
ote taken inwardly is deadly both co man ahdbea@, yea che finell only of 
bead e] fatto jules dada é boyled with 

of oer, Vinge and Ofc of Rofesscureth Se Arsbon 4 pies erule, Li a ms 
pre fe 3 td whatioever. 

“of the Ohlee h ree. 
The Names, 
sie callbd in Grete jindtatacpove,the fruies whereohad is th ihoaad | 
fe the Ancients, and bythem called pete ie ha — ee 

schfall Drago Sth an where elfe ; and were therefore: 
: ie tte “beet prebe 


256 Adami in Baden, Or, 

The Kinds, 

There are five forts of Orenge: Trees... 1 The ordinary Orenge-Tree,..2 2, The : 
Wild orCrab Orenge-Iree. . 3nhe Apple pest: 4, The, Qrvage svichone 
Bete Se i Thee HRORaRS yl soot all 
Ri, Goo 2h, Rema SEO: US Oe SU. Pou jig S44 sass Sch aie 

gail @ The Rovio > saaie 10 Tb Jets nis Dae 

‘ofa or ordinary Gidapures Oren ge-Trth ernie toa ‘spb iarntaithy 
lower part of which as allo of the greater branches are covered witha rough bark, 
eo ries which are leffer and younger, havea inygpagreemd erks ehiecenn: arefer 
hae few fharpe, but hort thorns, .. The Leaves. hae Mise in: Fp Se em 
the Laurell-Tree, but.may be eafily diftingnifhe if they 
ones finger, for then he y fent forth a fweet Enel iikeunto aur peele ot ‘eat 
oectineieby -being full of fmall holes ; the Flowers are whitifh, and ot a very 
trong {weeticent, , The frais is ound with a thick bitrer rind, ofa deepe 
yellowith1 red colour, haying under ita fof wile lgofe fubftance and under that 
the juyce is contained in {mall skins , which in fome is leffe fower then others, 
The ‘feeds of it do fomwhat refemble thofe of he SAR 

The Places and Times, ates the Coafts of Italy, si qemaeas here 
é ese the beit Orenges grow, andare 
Saat Women 3 in London chat fella 

~ Therebe 

and soe et | se 
ar ee the fruic will cn yeares, a 2 
eto operiesion,: tO make it the Trees: et in. great 4 
ae sfiociehmye ee honfein the Wi ee ee 

renot Po alisak. one oe aS for the rind is hot inthe ahs : 
and dr ie the cen, pe Sade es degrees and dry 

inthe Po heh. They are colder orf ‘according to their fw e or fow 

forthe ane) juice ee ae colder it is; and = tsts the more hor. 

Be Veroes 2a "4 i ae Tae : 

; Org Pes: is as ufefall in Phy as any part thereof, hous it be commom 
were good fornorhing, yet it doth warme a cold Seomackvery 
n ft Wind that molefleth vit, and caufeth cold Phlegt 
cing condited orpreferved with Honey or S 
Sa cera raison | 


Adam inden, Or, 257 

{irairiech Vomiting , and taketh away /eathing in Agues and {uch like difeafes, ic 
quencheth thirft, and fo doth the Syrup thereof, The feeds withttand all Ve 
nome and Poyfon , and are effectuall alto to killandexpeil Wormes, The Oymt- 
ment that is made of the Flowers is often uled to anoint the Stomacks of thole 
which aretroubled with aCoxgh, making the cold raw Phlegme to expetftoratesand 
warming and comforting divers other places ofthe body. The diitilled Water 
ofthe fame Flowers is very odoriferous, and therefore fit for perfumes: Belides 
it is good agaithlt conbagions difeafesco drink thereof ac {undry times , it helpeth 
alfo the cold and moift infirmities 0 the Mother, Such fimples as ferve both for - 
the correétion of Meatesand Medicaments being thus treated of , I fhall in the 

next place write of thofe that are more alimentall , and therefore not improper 

to be mentioned here, beginning with fruits, and then proceeding to hheee nd 


“) @HAP. CLXVI. ‘s 

es Gane 
oT as. 3 
= ox 

Greckyantesand the frait ufersin Latine fale and Malim 
, which in Enelifh is an Apple. | 


The John Apple. 

for {ome be 
MUxt tempera- 

in their Bre. 
to Cafti: 

the L; 


fit cake 
then Perry Z 

ri ath been fce, mingle it witha little 
»and fellic inReed thereof, The juice of Crabs which nee ¢ 

‘ Peat ies 
= . Po. ee 

hy iy callerinie® ‘Applyed errr vet | thik coluch alaees as are burned and [cald- 
ed, cooleth, healeth, and craweth the fre Out of them. A rotten-Apple applyed ~ 
to ‘Eyes that are blood (herten or enflamed with heat » or that are black and blew bY 
any ttroake or fall, all day or et helpeth chem quickly. The di/tied wa- 
Cae paca A raphe aay od. ufe to expell Afelanc eae to pro" 

; showroom ; pel z FL ne 

; byes hogic piles 34 oka 
uo} Xie Laamy. gia gitiad 28500 197! 

ity Doiyod 24 tod yest Bye a iatot has: 
we rete” oat *; ps ore 

i TPG 'D.22 

t yet Dic [cors ides: es faich.. PR maxed 1s, is a: particu nine rt 
hat. ee name is @Xvn in Latine Pirws Sylver y 
The War are'called F olema, Bored «stand Owl $054804 

a hink, nea ta 4 = 
hep Peart... ia cieg Win Oe Pare.” 4. 
2s gee 8. The ss Se am 

aN sheen bat goweth upin height : the Bedpis many.times greit 5 
; eee bio colour, the /eafe is Tomnv hat road , nae nicked-c 
Edges , gicen above, but fomewhat whiter underneath ; the Flowers are whi 
the fruit is for the mot part long, and in forme like a Caling-Top ; buei in great- 
hefle, colour, and talt, very much differing among themfelves havi contained — %5 
— Inthen black kernells when they be npe: The Roe} Aes othe Ga | 

manner , as that of the Apple-Tree doth,. F 


| The Places and ime, ce 

= ee extended themfelves after a very wonder 
are found in Woods and Hedges in K ent Worceffer, and 

sr a do tor the moft Part come forth in Apri - leaves atte wards : 
| Mee 2B Peares 

260 - Adam in &den, Or, 
Peares ate not all ripe at one time,iome of them being ripe in seeders in July) 
others in Augeff, and divers in Septetmber, and later... | 

The Temperatures, Saas 

Peares are al(o {aid to be cold and moift in the fictt depree, and havein chema_ 
binding qualicy, and an earthy fubftance ; the (hoak-Peares at OH thole oH: ase 
etye ; 7S more earthy, and the {weet ones jefe; cts 3 

The Vertes and Signatures : — 

- When Peares are wis cee ay sda isl 
Dut if they be rotted, baked or flewed, they are not unwholefome, Andeacen 
after meat being ripe and well gathered, they clofe up the mourh of che Secmack, 
and fortifie digeftion. Being ae with a little Honey they helpe che Ssomack, 
very much that hath any paines or oppreffion therein, The feet and iuthious 
forts do helpe to mare te bly dows deenivands more or leffe, and therefore may be 
eaten moderatly that by are coftive: Thofe that areharfh and fowre: 
do on checoannty part, bind the belly as much , and therefore are good to be 
earen of chole that are troubled with the Laske or bloedy- sprit pepe 
ration alfo , for all'excefle is dangerous, “The Ward:n is cheifel 
micted ro be taken by thofe thar are fick and aguifh , being firft baked ewe ) rho 
rofted,in-thac ic hath no afiri¢tion therein to bieed: seeds which are the ut- 
ter enemies to Hated Feavers: and indeed it deterveth commendation above all 

he rettjboch becaufe it may be preferved longer, and is more amicab‘e to the na- 
: —— “and fo are the Leaves, for 

iall Cordial be 
he S the Heart pistes Fee, and sist 

may be faidto' chat Si which fome Peares have ; Ic is allio 
for life as well as health, for it hath been splesscdithacicibvhee Seana 

and daily or frequently as their common drink are generally healthy 
fot, sa one ited Iris of fpecialt ufe ar . sone V pas woes 
their frefh-water. Peares being boyled in faire Water, with Rofe-water and Ho- 
ney, and chen drained through  Cloath or Colender , and afterwards dryed in ant 
Wven/after a\Batch ofbread, may be kept all the yeare being an excellenc repatt, 
elerves ging as other felts ae, and erved in bang woyagee = 
a ut amo 

pei sont gpa "The Secs tascechy clofe and firmeand ferverh 
3 iin drool Horn Pe expreffe the figuré of a Plantot 
ae tomake Rulers, Pifioll focks ; Ge swhen no firer wood ca 

si iia 2 = 7 : . 


oe Pe Paradile of Plans : | 26% 

a ©: HAP, -CLXX” 

. Ofthe Peach-Tree: 

eh. id ela lo ee The Nast bas 

rT is she in Grettonahio sieaiehainc Pin in taste Mal aia 4 
Abodacina: the Nefarin which hach-much affinicy with called by A¢ar- 
- thiols and Cafalpinus, Nuciper{ ta; decal it refembleth the: Wall- Nut isi 
 theround {moorh outer rind, and ‘the Peach’ in’ Meat, (ub/Pance,atid SPome; 
a pears the same Reafon epee? Bath 

: ites Hohe wees Poe beats! The Kinds! a if #8 ot, 

"1S Pideles thtae are a Sidi niesion-anie ee 
Peaok:\ ay The Red Peach, 3. Thé:D’avant Peach, 4, Yellow Peach, 
5. etyeriaimests: 6. The Newington Peach, Of Nefarint , Wind 
three forts. > i ements ae The Yellow Nestaria,” ete 
geen Nesarin, zs $4, aig 

hasiG 213 °h9 
e ty 
* ? 

pro or againtt2- ty bine ae pee Talonitte are vom: 

galore Twiages > Jong and narrow eepracey on the 

Bee coldixi the firft degree and moift isthe fiend, bu the kettle be 
- The Vernsiés, 

“Peaches exten moderately (for fo we are ro ufé all fruits as I faid syns arcby 3 
the approbation of the learied PhiyGtinn Deslearideeecty Profitable for theSte- 
po Eh aS to Scoole and loojen the bell; de > elpecially iy aé thoie chica hem are 

Paradile of Plants. — 

after meat they {win uppermoft, and {o bothc corrupt themielves and alio otlier* 
meates; whereas being eat before’); they mollity. the belly as is {aid already . pro- 
voke appetite, and quaiity the eae ake Ste in the Seomack, Leonicersas 
faies,tiiey may be eaten in “i AAS och commends them aifo fog 
the fick, The Kernellechth Sokadimby oe the painesand wring 
sags ot the belly, through Wend or Suet Sitar " i are with other ingredients * 
very admirab!e for che Ss tone, The whith -orCreame of the {aid Keraglls bent 
drawn forch with {ome Vervsine Water , and applyedto the Fore-head and Te cm 
: Olean relpe-co.procure.reft.and fleepe 10 Lick pet fons waritingiti, an 
is drawn from.chem, if che places aiore. mentioned; ba. anoin 
Ue in the Jame manner ig “helperh’ the Ategrimy.andall 
pals lead... The Jame. Qyle! pat: intonClyfers s-eaieth the paine: 
= Wind-choluck,.;. and. annoinced :-om.-the..lower:’ part’ ona, * 
it ‘Boas € ; and dropped into the ears , it ealeth the paines of 
them, and {o doth che j juice of the Leaves« . Ifthe Kernells be bruifed and boyl- 
edin Vinegar uncill es become ackeans applyed to the Head, ir marvelloufly 
| W.again anes Pio aak lan ee are 

neato. a me ne 


Rib. ‘The th of which ela ora upon ff yeep 

their bleeding and clofeth them nps.The Flowers fleeped sate he lale 

Wine, fet in a warme place, and chen firained forth inthe morning, and drunk | 

pany sounaeaey one § sisted Ht and. mo. eit doywnwards:;> anidif you wonld ot 
, mc . ut after melig xisieiy put inas many mond 

is pe >and afterwards adde 

wich: rhe "Congh or ytd ot ‘Gee ed din aes fome fiveet 
putting tome Saffron; alfo therein ;)It-is good for them hac - 

O! - have laff cheir voice ; it helpeth alio-all dete Seheskan agsand, 

7 pele red sve -drams ising £ ma 

Rae. ni mote dlabletatean hehe oa sholeior edtnoc 
fomer to be eaten , then the Peach,. <sneeT os 

oe ae 

<M af em 

cao eho a sees 2": — 
te em 

. sek u wen teen SOF eon Wiaailed | ipl 
- canfeit catrie Frit on cf 5 1a in Englith Abrecock or eAprecock-Trees 
_ The fruic is named piiaer’Apuenaxdy and of divers tpoxbamey or Bepixt 
which be words corrupted from the Latine word Precow or Prac 

hifying foone ripe, it being one of the firft ripe fruits, It is called alfoim ae 
Chryfomelon id elt Malum asreum and malum Armeniacum , and ane word 
socca, It is — in — Aprécock, as I see from the L hie 

Pracox, = ear me 3 ik ars 
aoa i a re The Rinds: t +} sy a9 ‘is - 

Tam not yet affared that thera any moredhen eo forts of A pric 
I, The g epee eh aa ss 2. The leffer Apr 

e Somer the cnet pei and hath a “bie: 

i 1f it be either crafted or inoculated ; Te hath nie cist and 
ft round Leaves, but pointed at the ends; and: ; " 
ag of five anes a °S 

fomewhat larger that follo 

pen eo 

fro: They fone common ramonly in ALarch’y atic 

xn cake ace a9 ald the deg a vs 7 1 
Ark we ui fi # : ed i cet, uc 

> for they are norfofoone « corrupted : 
t ae it of soar | i 

rather to. De bine heen derviagens eyhave 
toni cl nn nr “eaadeal ¥4e | 


2 — 

264 ) ~ the Paradife cof Plants. 

ed, preferved, or dasilind (all which wayes théy are pleafant to ehie body, and 
health ull) to fort with others for the {ame purpole, But Avicer {aies, rh the 
infufion of dryed Aprecocks it profitable in foarp Feavours: and Matthiolus that 
famous Commentator upon Diofcorides, tells us that the Oye, which tay 
be preft our of the Kernells of the Stones ; as the Oyle of Almondsis’ 
made, is very effectuall againft the inflamed Piles or Hemorrhoides,the tumours or 
_ fwellings of Ulcers, the boarfeneffe ofthe Voice, the roughnefe of the Tongue and 
Throate, and \ikewile the paines in the Eares: and that five ounces of the {aid Oyle 
taken with one Ounce of Mxfcadine driveth forth Stones , and Gravell out ofthe - 
Bladder, and kidneys, and helpes the C “ie The Vertnes of the Leaves of this 
Tree, are not yet found out, : | 

Sa 3 CLK, 
ios - Of the Plum-Tree : 
cj i Ce dpe a “er: = 

I is called in Greek xoxxoundte, and in Lacine Prunus; Sener an si 
Greaks and Prunum i in BLaHne 5 in Englith Plammes and Prunes ) Which have 
untryes jin which theygrow. Thofe which grow in Sy- 
d Prisma ee ee Perce Blow or Dam. 
, Plums; {o thofe ol 

Pe le sit Or pide tema 21 
the troubie of fetting down anymore then thofe chat fc 
Tree, 2. The Myrabolane Plum- a: : ee 
oAe/ Plum-Tree. 5. The Pioler Plom-tvee, 6, The e far dew Ploe-Treey 
2. The Lammas Plum-Tree, 8. The saat lena ve 
oe? 7) Venies “ ‘ 
moft part sifeth tobe a'tall Tree ; i ae 
witharv 3arkmore or lefle, the younger branches be~ 

the Leaves are elon, mg rea and ounces ies ee 
molt > yet of very different fizes among ves = 
id =e aojdlens esa tes > fomwhat like , bur lefle ches, 

ree and fome 

~~ The e Para dulsah thier. < tog 

+ eet, pe ee cece’ - ae a ON 

ame oe eet eee 

The keawest | 

maw d 

ann ot a eontay operation, eo ra 3 ag Pcie 

2 the gosdaaheae Pike ee aati vaiGheibon ha hmsse Ay choles - 
sine Heth is firm are | (eeharrat then rhofe that are fo‘t andtender, becaule 
they are noc {oapt to corrupt in the tomack , and that is it, which makes 
aebotvuke wholefome chert the're(t;~ forshefe which are.{o very, soit fill 
y With waseri{h Nk Si ied Bur all Plammes as, wellas.other fruis. 

Or ee ees t, when, tl wee ie lg aHoney.or; Sugary Which. takes’ 
om. Aare their, - fay  ;and then. ;there. AS imade -of, 
3 ana good D-jhes all 
ear; which are can ii the sfickand healsh{ull co rellifh the: 

pack and pepe PROFit s® an, Ap mao alatti¢: £0 epen. the: belly co aks 
effects are likew Wkeunke ec 7 | 

Se aie, 

Be Whe Parad: fe of Plans. 


The Kin ds, 

 Théte. aré many forts of Cherries, butT fhiallmake meittion’ bur of fas of 
them) t; The May Chetry; 2. The Early Flaundérs' Cherry, 3. The Lard Flas: 
ders Cherry, 4. The Black, Hart Chetry, 5. The Red Hart Cherry, 6, The 
Great Bearing Cherry ot Afr.cMillen,7. The Ordinary Cherry.8. The Prince Cher- 
77,9. The Duke*Cherry,10, BirdsCherrj,11. The Common Black, Cherry- 
Tree, 12, The Red Grape Cherry-Tree, 13. The dealt wild leas Cri 
Bai The wild Baie : ; 
7 The Form. . 

” the Chenega pberifech tipvola teafonable height and ce fpreading ae 
and fomewhat thick, the Leaves aré near unto thole of che Plein Ties for 
Form, : but fomewhar longer in moft, and dented about thé Edées ; the Flowert 

_ eome forth two or three or tour at moft aca placeor: Joyne rosether, every one 
oh his own Foorftalk: -eonfifting of five white Leaves with Some Thréds, ithe 

middle, afer hihi coohe Rawal bebae fated fibut Red or Black. etic 
are fall Fipe + ¥ of amean bignéfe and: pod em 
withinit, whofe Kerwelt i is fomewhat bitter but ner tinpleafant,: | 

The Places and Tithes; yp et Bi 
_ Divers of thefe Suess are inhabitants in ibe Gardens of chore! that tof | 

Chen eaten before = met Ihe Bay » buc many of chem 
S taeteli, codaccherciil onco sored serge gre Samy OF CS 
all othe fle Cherries eenik took 
Bed fore Cherries do likeWile loofer 
“eonvenient forthe Scomack, for ty do ey canitorr, si pony | 
Mien gre Be my the Stomack more th jen the 

Piaget OG eth she ftone on the veins Cheri age 
fa amanner elle doth, he econ 

on, oe 

Pa ‘ 3 eS sia a 

—~“Fhe Baeadite Pens. 3e 

ences oe sacaeetrinsinttnersersn “nee Min esa 

‘good blood; anid [commforber and fateh ‘the. body. . Rusllsas alfoaich, they breed 
good humorsin the “body; ; ahd another taich that they increale and comiorc the 

Liver,which chey'may be taid to do bys garcreand chat thole which are care and 
hath; ‘clolé the month of the Stomack, and make rhe better ahd Speedier di- 
geftion, They are likewileallowed bythe German Doftorsto {uch as have Fea- 
verilb, bot arid i hirfty difeafes ; inthat chiey eaole firengthen and ftirr up appetite to 
meat, But letno bodybe tobold with them héreupon, ie(t they Suriet, which 
may be ealily.done; as therefore in thole Countites eee abound; chey 

‘are eaten with bread and butte to prevent Surferting.... There is. alfo. made of 
‘Cherritsa Liquor called ¢ Cherry wine which in the Summenis pleafanc and healch- 
full and more proper for that feafon then hor anes gy are utefinll co boyle 

in brothes and drinks and fothey may be given without ger even to cho‘e that 
are fick., asthofe which are prelerved mays - gee. of 1 the Cherry-Tree dif= 
folved in Wine and drunk, | is g00d for the Gravell and the fone, the excoriation 
of. the Throat; Lungs an | Breaft, the Cough, and hear fexeffé, as aioto-athend the 
fharpen the Eyefi hte. The diftilled water.ot Black, Cherries having 
the ftones bruifed with them, is good to bepowred intothe mouthes of chem 
that have the F. alling -Sickneffe, ‘as often as'the Courfe of che fit doth trouble 
them, and is sagemeye to Ripentee ¢ fo break the fone es ell che 
break Vind, . ‘deck 

what Aaporible, eA he makerh nor 
= ctow baa foaccurate an; 




phe tilt, Sa entae Re polo ahes they come to maturity, 7, fal ota wiy 
“fnyce;, fomewhat foveet i in taf, when they be Tipé, in which is contained hard . 
“eed of a brownith colour, which may be feen rhronch theskin , which tho: 

‘It be thick at firft, doch afterwards becomie ae the Rootis shia oi 
“HOt Withont ‘many firings annexed theretnito,. sopra 

=~ . % 

ia sees The Place cét and Time, - 


ST he ie? seine felines i divers’ others do: grow in many ie sft 7 
Tudie in great abundance,whence they are carried into Cheap-fide,and other pia- 
cestobefold. The Leaves sae appear in March , and the age not 
Jong after ; “the frait' gd fay tas ae | 

ot oe 

hie: Berrizr of chisbuth Reiore sia bee tater ' ; at 7 
n the mani teers en aifo inding, 


| ele Petras bance Rie 
green Geefe, to flew with Mutton, andthe like ; orelfetomake Tarts, or tobe. 

eaten, after they are (calded, with Rofe-water and Sugar : all which wayes they 
ovoke a appetite, and coole the Vehement heat of the Stomac , ate Liver, — 
ve tim: | broth, and fothey donor onely m ke it pleafant 
troubled with ablioe burne 

f eres t + reste Sanat pean =e 
Goosberries are ufedin the Month of Afay and F; 

h from che! Ridecys and Bladder, Too: 
caaabaitld ee AP 



ve) the Barbery-bap . : 


S Haw. dee 
ase it, a 


ae * “the Paradite me “lant | : 273 

- ‘Though all Barbery Buthes have ie ‘ante tothe ftature, Leaves, anid 
“Prickles, fo that there may{feeme to be but one fort, yet becaufe they beare three 
feveral forts of fruits; Authors make three forts of them, 1. The Ordinary. 
Barbery-Bufh 2, The Barbery-Buth, whofe berries arethrice as big as the formers 
3. The Baubery-Bushyn shes berries higee the moft par 7 ae ala 

See - 

Bee ee et ender Stems ot alks from the root y 
fometimes toa great heighth covered with a fmooth whitifb rinde or bark, 
yellow underneath next the wood; white, eafy to break, and pithy in 
the middle, fe ull of fharp. {mall white thornes, three at evet leate almoft 
which are { hat {mall and long; finely dencéd about the and of & 
frefh green colour ; the Flowers come forth at the joynts with the Leaves, f 
ftanding on along clutter, yellow while they are frethy which tom irito frnal! long 
anid round berries hanging down in long pando uponafmall ftalky wbise ache 
firft, bur very. Redwhen t hey are th» Ripe -of a : 
thes tee on edgecha ea 

vd Timete a 
in many of the eats is ‘Auftria, Hungary, Prats 
Eng if — Cale rik ‘hee of sted deed ata Vitlage 
called. 7 two. miles rom Cole Ww nanese vers a ntith 
of ating alle buc Barberie- Bf y ¢found bu 

Hee of ae ker a ldand:mo: 

The faid lofee ile or the bere iain ther a or preferved, ig 
often ufed for thofe that a their meat, L0-proctre an Appetite, and reprefle 
r thereinto, and thac which p: paffe: 

BTR A =e hiden On a 


greene ; The faid Sarna juice ated Wine of Barberies erverke to di Salat | ruil 
thing g Chimically. The inner yellow bark of the branches or root hath the Sig. 
nature of the yellow Jeundife, and therefore is with good fucceffe given unto | 
them»-that-have it, beino boyled and drunke ; “Fhe fame. laidin ero th hice 
_ for the Soe of ‘three eeuees rae: wonderfully as tis wis: 


2 an 
ema teat. es ae ee 

a : 2 7 anti ‘ siictlldh inde ee = - : oe 
. So ‘ ag SR - - esrb Ce a . 


> oe leo shat 

tae one callethi it epertis i iS tit is ac x aan oe 
of Groffularia, who therefore call it Groffularia nar 438 Groipelee 

Baszhinus calleth the white fort Groffularia hortenfis mar jay ‘foal .The blak 

fort is eee Bee y called Ribes ratty nigro,inEnglith BlackC wrrans,as other are Red 
7 but the #hite are called Gozellin omepares of Kat. a aie 

cornere cd blackifh pene a 
Tike a Vine-leafe Sue eerie deale 

fitis + 

oe tte 

Adis in = 

All thefe forts of Curraxs are cold and moiff , and wy: in the fir/t or fecond de- 
gree, andtomwhat affringest. — 

The Vertues, ine and white: ye netpthey be ripe are very profitable to allay the 
beat and fainting otthe Someckand vo cee thn ft, andcto provoke eye 
rite, and therefore aredafely permitted in hot and cAlgues, for the juice of 
chemrtemperech the hear aethe LiF and blood, | ind tbe foarpney of Choler, and 
refiftech cidainibiaas In taketh away likewileche foarbing of ment. andthe weak: 
ne ffe of the Stomack by mach Vomiting, for it clofeth bye ee vreiantae and re- 
prefieth the diftemper whereof ir is caufed. Iris faid alfo to ftop the laske that 
| of Choller, and the bloody fixe 5 and chat it is ufefull for the Cough, ef- 
- pecially the dryed juyce or Reb thereof,which is made after this manner, Take of - 
the juice of Carrans clarified rmelvepound, boile it halte bie > ani . 
Henares old White-Wine five pommd 5 confarn the ve 

Seema ow aghe 
poud.of Sagincheghe ng 
; And d being chus 

Pany ; 
pontaniirs in Midinlns at large, 
ie the Service-Tree, the Cornel!-Tree _ 
Bazel, and Cheft-munt-Treess feat but. 

sec ite: viicbmay bende tone, De 
ko ete ro WADI LOW 

276 : a Adam in Eden Or, 

eee emg ape ne 


ark Sescy * > Et =e : a Red r 23 6 7450 > aie =. Ry ot a het ered Fad 
be | ae a Wet : 4 ‘ i 
° «The: ‘Mame 25, 

I Find no Author that fercech down the-Greek. name of this Simple, and I fup- 
po ethe reajon is becaute it is of.larer invention ,: it being not that P2s'which 
tr aoa mentioneth, but brought our.o! Chna , andicalied fo from the River 

Rha, on whofe bankes itis faid very plentiful Logrow. - - The Common katine 
name is Rhabarbarum, the teafon whereof whofoever defires to know may read 
munch ch theeretion Sees puppets’ and os apse _ ae ot 

3. Adenkes "Te “i China Rubarb, 5. The, be 
: narrower Hessen jeafed ubarb,: 

So a si i 

th wimpvtid Suche ibe 2: ea : 
en Ares atter another,very 

ain Fine tabyachach will proweeo bet | 
peeves nid) le 

Dion ty ree 
Sot 38 i st Ft 5 sSimnaeeoit s ré Gaapoat sea . 
* ag 

S The B Places and Tim, 

pacha in Thracie , eieare 4 it was & 
Se He the es b ‘by rarities 5 


a | The Paradife of Plants. — 247 


‘encifully in many of our Gardens, where itis fowen, The té.rd, groweth a- 
. Liufanna in Savoy, as Tragus{aith , but only in Gardens with us ¢. The 
fowreh groweth in Cina, as the name expreffeth, and is. chat (as the Apoghecaries 
precend) that is made ufe of in fhops, becau'e they may have the greater price for 
ic, although chat of Exg/and is as effeStuall for many purpofes: The fiftis to be 
founden Mount Baldas, neere Verona in Italy, and on the hills in Switzerland , 
and the fat came out of /taly alfo. Thefe forts flower in June , and the feed is 
ripe in July. The Rootes which are for ufe mutt noc be taken up,till the Stalk and 

Leaves be quit witheredand gone, which will be in Oétober , tor fhould they be 
‘taken before, or after the Leate begins to put forth, they would lo'e much of 
their colour: ' 3 : 

The Temperatare. 

Rubarb is hot and dry, in the fecond degree, of a mixt fubftance, partly airy, thin 
and purging, partly grofle and earthy , whereby itis binding and drying. The 
Monkes Rubarb, which is alfo dry but cooling, is not fo trequentiy uled as former- 
ly, fince the Baltard Rubarb harh been fo pientitull, : 

| The Vertues; : 
Rubarb is fo effeStuall for the Livers that it is called the Life, Sowl, Hears, and 


Wine or any 

affwage aa 

RBS se the Paradife of Plants. <> @ 

. he Seed thereof contrarily doth bind the belly, and helpeth to ftay Laskes and : 
the bloody flux, and fo doth the coor of the true Rubarbe, if it be toafled atthe 
fire, and.dtunk with Plantane water, or, thick redwine. . The diftiilled warer 

__ thereof is very profitably nfed co heal Scabs as alfo foul ulcerons {ores and to 

allay the inflammations ef them, The jnyce of the Leaves or roots, of the de- 
coction of them in Vinegar is ufed allo as amoft effeétuall remedy to heale 
Scabs and running Sores. "The two laft forts of Rubarb are feldom nfed, their 
qualities being more aftringenc then opening. 

Of Turmerick. 

ens ae =, «The Names. 

” Tis in uncertain vehedher éhis Drug were known to the Grecians or nor, 
there being no pofitive Greek name for it upon record: fome think it ro be 
, the Cyperus Indicus of Diofcorides,becaufe ic hath the fame colour & taft,the 
root being like Ginger; but why he fhould referr ittoa Cyperns, is (ome- 
what Arange, the root of that having no fuch form, colour, or tatt. Gare ias and | 
Chriflopherus Asofta call it Crocus Indicus, but the Common Latin name isCur- 
cwma,borrowed moft probable from the Arabians, who call ic Cufeum, yet 
this is not theCwrcuma of sf Serazis or Avicen 2s Matehiolns hath well notedwhich 

er ther eater: ne whofe. root 1s yellow, and therefore the 

wma, and put itincothe Compe 
re 2 neon chet peepee fore al Pas: ! 

Fo creeenek (aie: Leaves then Mallet,and ee ae Cn, 
onr, which afterwards ‘when the ftaik, is gone up, do likewife PR ala 098 - 
another thereupon up to the top; What flower Sobers J find nomention, 
The Roog is fomewhat like Gixger, in to 2 ate 4 

within and withowe yet it is nor ee ; 

~The Places and Time 

: . a where but in the Eap-Badertoe that 
doth bee the names above mentioned do cleerly intimate. Ican fay no- ee 
thing of the time, having not yet met with any Author to direct mein this Sid 

The Temperature, ye 


a sh eens le aA cy " fe 

<< | ae a ag Plants. 279 

which ete i whole sail eg of rte Bayi is {ehe seed {ome ere mis 

smainchumouts ¢ Neither i is it good for men only, br itfor Horfei,elpeciall When 
they are troub'ed with the Tellowes,a3 el the expert Farticr’¢in tell you, © Itis wed 
Quewardly co take away the base, arid is put. into cho’ Medicities that are made 
e the Eyes, and for the #tch, and Scab , itfome j juice of if Oranges 3 ahd the Oyle 
of che Cocar or Indian Nut be mixed wichit, as Gartias Vaich, “Ie is much uted 
to colour difhes. cups and tuch like Woodden-Veffels initeed of Saffron, The India 
ans we it much both to colour and feafortheit meats, and broths , as we ¢ 
ede it being a ies and eafier co be had amongit them: 

Greek turd] disor et ‘uniiéso oper nid Heparofinne ghd 6 

ets b apne: calli ic alfo, the nrt name. being given ynto it from Kine 9 Enparop 

ho firit tound out the Vertues of it. the other Abe rap Fecur quia Hepati prea 

cipxes ¢ medetér, becaule it is a chie’e he! per roche Liver’; It is alfo called 

nia Of divers, which is che same whereby it is be: tknown in Shops. Some other 

names are alfo given unto ic, as Marmorella, Concordia , Perraria and ets : 
; dhteeds hich are coop ike Vuces hag wards, 

verfi fie pS 
called Bgl Agray at Egvamenys 9 2) 

ny Seng ee sade oF ty 

eae sen jakden, Or, 

Ps a anes 

FO - °. 

%siad wah Se 

: : oat 6 eens the Picea Time, i f 3a Bie: 2 ma 

cbt oie in vers. pauses atid ditches, enna Lighwayides, 
reese hout the Land; “the fecondis.n not fo common ‘With us, being’a reraiher on- 
‘Jy.with thofe thar. are curions;bur ishacurall ro /#a/y in many places; the third Cé= 
dumna fotind about V Api és the fourtt is fennd by ihe btinkes of ditches &in other 
moill places »and{o fometimes inupland grounds : the fifth and fixth came to tis 
fro 2 Exgland, ; d Virginia : : the feventh in fhallow ponds ahd'plathes Bs 
"Water 5 ‘and _iuch places as, have bin overflown by Winter floods’ the 
_ Taft came icy England, but _groweth very ftrohgly in onr gardens. ‘They 

ate oa 5 ald bane E ices the latter end of oy £ 

7 oF 

Agrne ish in i ey bc ee bE effe, fo 
y ; ae : racers 

Nor onely the Greek nafne of" this Herb, but alfo the continued confent of 

ahcient and modern Writers backed with daily experience, dofufficiently tefti- 

fie, that itis aaa tothe Liver, both forthe opening the obfiruétions 
thereof, : in d i firen: hening it {0 thatthereis no plantio 
generals able for.all di fro the Liver as this.For it help say 
in Wine or Water, w mk 
h t and fire as Horehound, Elecam- — 
é; ign- Alles, &c, A ife for the feverall kinds of | 
hee ‘requently; tiedin D: et Drinks: “Icis good alfo for the Bowels and 
bealech their inward sundings brui{es, or hutts, ahd qualifieth all inward diflem® 
Beis, ‘that grow therei 1g boi din wine apd drunk; andto iis effeCtual fot 
e chat are (fune of bitten by Serpent: ‘them that ki piel 
and bloody waters, making them | | rs 
continued fluxe: of the Liver, e'pectally in old people; It = 
yal o the Collick, jit the (ough & cleanieth the Brea, 
tion take: betore'the fit of an Ague, firit removes i and 
Lea es. and Seeds fle p the bloody fixx being tae 
Oi in Wine, helpe fuch as have the Pally, fae 
ed Dag Tet Dita staee ; Sates 

he {aid pr fes, hapwadedeaoe sioner 

TeO Being ftamped with eS 96 te and ap- 
re inveterate, Ulcers , for it cleanl- 

and f fo it draweth forth, thé ru} 

ne in cafe the catie” of. Being uied 
inters of } ood or fu 

hérine andthe flarural*Courfer of won syled wi in 
=a helpeth Seabs && the deck which proceeds offale & ary ! pal 

~~ “the Paradite of Plaats. 

e'peciaily if the jnice be thixed With V in-gir , and the outward parts 

Heeles. 6. The 
Dale eens 

ats F Brie» kang 
-) Pads RT OP! 

1 atigeal.) 

roe 21 SS iar Be | - 7 
SahS dtivedicsa-wil Oct 9 

JKio 26 GOTO 25° 3311 
SUL, wort ley eds hor 

. " f _ £ 
i AH 1D Ge ae iim 



PPT -y eee ey 



i _ Adam in Eden, 0: OF, 

oe oe ye 
hw cee TTS a ~~ 

xt q dee : hy 5 3 . a A ei i | 
101 finials 3" Sd oy The Temptaimre | . Betis 
cdrti Sb 4 Si bid 

oolbbepeteort mitt he acii be coldand dry’) and fomewhat Windingsor thiopioak: 
ingin aaieemen maketh 3 t col, ai oo ones maketh it dry and eT 



gah, aetSh Soi The Signe od Portwes 

; eee taes| 
Seith ¢ {fF Pls a? Gee) +: 

ee sige i earcoN oF Seaete Ofmatd Croll'us ; treating of fare = plate 
that are pro table to ‘the L ver; by Sienature, fers Richend this both fet the imi 
tude, the Fibres of this Piant and tho’e of the Liver have one with another, 
andthe eminent Vertnes it hath inal! dikempers of the Liver, and theretoréis 
pur into Dyet-drink with Maydenhaire , Agrimony, Harts-Tongue @ : 10 coole 
and cleanieit, as oiten as occalion serves , Sedieipe th alfo inflammations in any 
part, and the yellow Jaundife ete Or bei Pitted and boyied alone in 
Sol 5 Lec and Kidneys. and helpes 
the ruxning of the R Reines in Men, pe patter in Women. It is likewile ve- 
ry good in fe Hedtich Feaveer, —_ all other Feavours. and Agwes proceeding — 
Choler , as alfoin the Scab, Tettér , and all other unkind ena proceeding 
¢ Liver,as Whiteloves, blaines lifters, &c: taking away the caufe of ‘them 
fe it Be raken inwardly ; ; ‘dad boyied in Poffet-drink and taken, the!peth bleeding 
at thenole, whichbeing luffered r6coole, quencheth the aiaeiatieey: of the 
Tor ttamped with Hogs-greae , and applyed, it healeth all manner 
elpec pmormes and other fretting Ulcers , for which 
i Men be ae boiled bein a 

The Names 

: ¢ fort of Plants are convercipesidig oth 
6 differ ng not fo much in operation as it 

te aes reece name, yet for difiingi- 
Os pus ecrstadek 
; and che 


Adam im “den, Or; . 238 

2 | The Forme, 

Common-Garden Szecory hath broad Leaves fomwhat hairy, not much unlike 
to Encive, but narrower and many times deeply cut in on the edges , amonett 
which do rife up ftalkes, upon which are placed the like Leaves butimaller, The 
~ flake divideth it{elfe towards the ropinto many branches > Whereondogrow * 
lictle b'e.v Flowers, confitting of many {mall Leaves, after which followeth white 
feed. The Root is tougiiplong , and white of colour,continuing many yeares;from 
which as from every part orthe Plant doth iffue forth, white bitter and milky 
juice:the whole Plant is ofa bitter taftlikewife. cage 

The Places and Time, ele 

The two firf are commonly fowen in Gardens, yet itis aid likewi~e that they 
grow by high way-fides, and in untilled and barren ground ; but I fuppole that is 

ng the feaventh 
barren grounds 
ony places, fowring in Auguft. The xinth andtenth 
in every place, and Flower almoftat ail times, but efpecially in 
(March, itthe cold weatherhinderthem nor, 2 en 

Ra erlang ee ee 

= ‘ 

of them as alfo of Dandelion are fomwhat dryer, than thofe of the Gardens » and 


clean{e, znd open more by reafon of the bisrerneffe, which is oyned ¥ 
and in fome cafes are more effectuall, = Se | —w 


and Vinegar, either by themfelves, © 
'» @e.or chopped into brothes as 

e uled 


_ Of with other Herbs, as Lettice, Sp 
other Pot-herbs are. The Whited’Endive is the moft rare, and that 
- €aten, either raw in Sallecs, or boyled in broth as aforefaid. Both 
"and Succory any waies uled,as. long as they be greene, docoole the 

o, PRs 

ment is fent from the Sto: 
good of the whole body, fo that if rht 
offiice, whichis cheifely to convert the pure 
iway the reft by thofe conveyances which 

234. Adam in t.den,Or, 

boy edin Wine or Water , and x draught thereot drunk faiuing, driveth forrh 
Chailler'ck_ and Phl-gmat:ck humours,helpeth the Dropfy,and thofe that have ane- 
v tl difpoption in thei bodies, by reaton of jong tickneue, evil dyet, @c, where- 
by che mutriment of the body is converted into fome predominant humour roths “A 
‘great prejudice of the ret. A deco¢tion either ot Succory Endive or Dandelion or 
of all three made with Wine and drunk is very effectuall again{t Jong Lingering A- 
gues ; anda dram ofthe feed in Powder, drunk in Wine before the Fit of an.A- 

#é, helpeth to drive it away, and is alfo available for rhe F. aint ings, Swooning and 
‘Paffions ot the heart ,outwatdly applyed , they ferve to allay the fharp humours 
which are the caule of fretting Ulcers, hor Tumors, and Swell:ngs, and Peftilential 
‘Sores, and wondertully help not only che redneffe and inflammations of the Eyes” 
but the divnefe of the ight alfo, They are alio ufed to allay the paines of the 
Gout, The d filled Water of thefe Herbes ate effectual for all the purpoles afore- _ 
faid, and being taken Morning and Evening, helpeth the ffraightnejfe and Stopping 
of the Breaft, andis good for VVomen with Child, to ftrengthen them and their 
fen’es, and likewife tor Children that are troubled with Head-ach proceeding of 

Heat ; Thefaidwarer, orthe juice orthe Leaves bruifed, is very effectual for 
Nur {es Breafts,chat are pained with abundance of Milk, allayeth Swellings, In- 
flammeations, Sc, Anthonies fire, Pufhes, Vheales, and Pimples, e(pecially ied with 

_ a Jictle Vinegarsas alfoto wath Peftiferous fores, = a 

| a oe 
bee weal —— 


nd Miaudlin. 

: eae 

T willnotbeimproper to put thefe ewalevbel coethes baci ka 

Dome atin bors sachsen ciate a: ciay : 

in Latine Coftus hortornm (for its Gréek name I never met wi 

pur together are in all a Se ns | Ale Coa or Cof ma 
\Maudlin. 3. White Mandlin, 4. Small Mandlin, 5, Puspl 
in, 6, Fennell leafed Mandlin, = 

pod -booe te ety ic wpe fle lea see oe 
reene rosnd {ti i fuch ike _ 


Beg eee enn ; 

the Paradife of P eer, => 

The Places and Time 

The three firf are foundonlyin Gardens with us, yet they have been found 
natural in divers rough untilled places of Tsfcamy,in Italy, nd Narbone in France, 
the three lait grow in dry rocky and barren grounds, They do all commonly 
flower about the moneths of Juxe and July, 


The Temperature; 

418 fOmethng thicker then 

‘Honey, be raken every morming, ~ It and PVormes its 
‘Children, provokes &rize, and gen ‘dens the body, of 



(asit doth to all Salers and Sawees wherein itis ufed) and the 

ceiveit wascalled Alecoajt.. 



an : ov ‘ va . : ——— _ Ses a CO ER 
286 Adam in¥den, Or, 


Eb is celledin Greek ‘adraey dad TE namdfeiv - valet exinanire vel ventrem 
levare becaufe the decoétion theret /sefenerhe 

< ae 

ce, Garis sed 

The forts which I fhatl put under thi 
others that might be referred unco the 
pointed Dock. 3. The {maller pointed 4. The Commén : 
§. Therourid Leafed Dock of Africa, 6, The great warerDock, 7. The 
leffer Water-Dock, 8, Theftrong{entedSea-Dock, 9. Blood-wor, = 

Pi Z re 4 7 6 

Adam in tden, Or, 285 
wort is moit effectual! tor the firf#, and the Deck, which hath the-yelloweft root 
for the fecond, and for both thete purposes they are ufed with other chingsto be 
put into eAle or Beere, e'pecially the rootes whi.h have an opening qual:sy in 
them, fit to loofe and make the belly foluble.y vo open obftruftions, and to coole and 
clenfethe blood, The decoction af the feed mace in Wine or Water and drunk,- 
helperh the wambiing pa.nes of the Sromack,venemous b.tings and the bloody fix. 
[he root boiled in Wine, and drunk is allo good for the Jasudife, provoketh rine 
andthe termes, and breaketh and expelleth the Stone and Gravel. The fame 
boiled in Vinegar or brui'ed raw, heaveth all Searfs, Ltch, Adanginefe, and other 
fefterixg, and corred ng Scabbs , the place being annointed or bathed therewith, 
and the fubflance of them being {tam ped 5 and applyed boyled or rawydifcufieth 
kernells and fwellings behind the Eares  he!peth the hardnetfe of the Adil, the 
Kings- Evill, and ftoppeth the roo much flowing of Womens courfes being apply- 


. edto the Matrix. The ditiilled Water of the Herb and Roots being brought in- 

roa confiftence by being mixed with other proper ingredients worketh the fame 
e and of itfelfc it cleanfeth the skin of Freckles Morphewes & all oxher Spots 
and di(colesrings therein. B!ood-wor tis as whoiefome a Porherb as any that 
pores in a Garden, chough it bein thee dayes wed only by tho‘e few which 

ow itto be fo. 

~— OF Sorrell. 
; The Names. 

6, Small Mountaine round leafed Saar ft: } . 
Leaves. 8. Candy Sorrell. 9. Sorre la les. . 10, id £: = 
Sorrell, 11, Jnd:asSorrell, 12. Indian of eich Gwotion oa tasks a $3. 
ine Welch Sorrell. “ana Sheepes ‘Sorrell. 15. The {malteft Sortell, 

16, Tall narrow leafed 

The Form, 

Sorrell hath tender greene Leaves long and full of juice, broad and for 

were atend cowards the foot-fialke , asthole of Spimachand Mer obal 
Ly, Fee Aaaz ae wherein 


288 “the Paradife of Plants.___ 

whereih. Hye chree-fquare fhining browsfeed, like, buc leffer then the other : the 

voor is {mallet then any of the Docks, but the firings thereof go, further into the. 

earth then of an ottiey herb, fomtimes to the depth of three Cubits, Lord. 

Bacon withefleth in his nacurall Hiftory 5 itabideth a long time without decay. la 

ing, having greene Leaves all che Winter except in the very extremity thereat, 
which often taketh away all or moft of its Leaves, 


The Places wild Times, 

“The Saiady Sorte eroweth commonly in Gardens y and {o- doth the Sorrell 
with round Leaves. Thetwberons kinds crow in fome places neere unto the w 
ter fide, and the fheepes Sorrell eroweth i in upland grounds where. Sheepe ule to 
frequent, The two laff row in fome fandy and nie erounds, and.upon the. 
bankes of fome ditches ; ‘As for the reft, their places are moft of them fer down in. 
theirtirles.’ ~All of chem flower and feed in A4sy and. Fune, except the inet, 
fort which — not till oF hor doce their feedis ri ~~ in Angufts a8 4s 

The Temperature, pie a nee = 

Sorrell is cooling and aying in the fecond degree , and by ies fomersef cute 
tough hamoars, 
The Vertues, 

The juice of Sorrell in the Summer-time is a profitable fawce in many meates 

and pleafant co the taft efpecially if fome. Sugar be added thereunto ; It cool- 
eth an hot Soi to meat,cem the heat of the Liver,open- 

Sector Canny ieee ie and is effeCtuall in all hot 

, id pus- 
sock athmd and expel avell and, the Stone 
€ 01 i ea pt ge crt ddrunk, 
ife,as al{o the inward Vicers of the body or lls, The 
yes wrapped up tna War Leafs and roaied under the Embers, and appl yede : 
an j mm or Tumor , Botch, Boile , or Plague fores borhripen et oe bs . 
and difcuffeth Keraells in the Throat; if applyed in time. | Tey 

2 liced . is profitable to bathe Pc eerie 
ith the Jt : 5 St. Anthonies fire, &c: The 
the herb is of much g ae eae, wd 5 re 
fijtingPoyfon, ES 
a ‘tats Se vag! bam ori93 flyed Ses The 2 | 

ae Sa e Ps Pep hme 
ee + 

Adam in Eden, Or, “B85 
c ples ‘ 

Nase Ptadd od: OF Reve deni MSP Ok ws des 
_% Names. 

Tis calledin Greek rsiJaev and 6i'laor,Teutlon and. Sestlon jab imepotl [a sqniod 
facile exerefcat, becawle it cometh up within few dayes.atcer: thefowing,and 

_ atcerwatds growerh very fat untill it its bignefie, which in some 
hot Counrryes will be three. foot in lengthy and ofa great breadth, Teas 
called Bers in Latine, quoniam Figuram Litera Grece €. dum femine turgets-ree 
ferre viderur, becaule the figure of it beingin. eed is fomyhat like the. Greeke 
Letter Beta, as ( olvmella hath it. Itis called, alfo Sicula,.and Siels by fome,be- 
caule it is fuppofed that ic was.firkt brought out of Sicily, viz. The White Beet..In 
this place tor want ofa fitrer-I fhall fpeake, of Spinage , becaule it deferves'nor 
a Chapter by itfelfe, Ob raritatem in u{u medico 5 aildele made the Greeks call ic 
emayd,ta,being feldom ufed in Phyfick, yet amonett Saibeus aed Dowshekioers 

be few more common, . Some Lating Authors call it Spizachiagand Spimaccmm: 
Outer eee) nepoting it pg eoke and 

=r , cody ats 

7 ya bie bis ‘of tor ith put “pee n will 
4 2 The Common white Beet, 2. The Common red: ‘Beet 
3+ The Comon greene Beet: 4, The Roman red Béet., 5. The tralian 
6. Prickly Beets of Candy. - J. St Beets, 8. Yellow Beet. 9. Flat alk 
ed Beet. 10, The greater Spinage with Prickly Seeds, 13, Thelefler Spiz 
wage With prickly Seeds, 12. inage with {mooth {eeds, Spinage ‘ometimes 
besraase/aed henetis #8) eae SALES — 

Spine The Beets flower not the firtt yeareybur 

oe Sloe ae sou 

ic belowenin the Autumn edhe till next Spring, 

290 __ the Paradife of Plants. 

The Temperature, 

The +7bite Bees is remperare in heat and moifture , bur the other forts are dry 
and ail of them abliertive by realon ofthe nitrous. quality that isin then, Sp= 
nach is evidently coid,and moi aimott'in the fecond degree, 

The Perrues, 

All forts of Beers eaten too frequently do become wanfeoxs to the Ssomack, 
and therefore their feldome ufe commends them mot, yet t hey are very vood a- 
gamit obiiructions and {toppings of che Liver,‘and dogreatly he-p the Spl:eneye - 
pecialiy the juice ofthem, which ‘is alfo good for the Head- ach and Swinmings 
therein. and tura.ngs ot the Brave, if ic be conveyed up inro the Nofhrills ) tor 
then ic doth gently draw forth Rhesme, and purgeth the Head, and con‘equently 
eafeth the pines of the Eyes, andthe /nflammations thereot', if it be app.ied to 
the. Temples, The wh.te Bect doth loojen the belly much , and provoketh Arine, 
and is alio etfectuall againli Venemous Creatures, © The juice thereof with Honey - 
_ dropped into the Eares caufeth the paines and noife thereof to ceale, and {nuffed 
up inrorhe No‘e , recovereth the want of fmell’ne, ifthe fault lye therein, The 
broth of the Root and Leaves {cowreth away Seurfo, Scales, and Nits of the h atid 
andeafeth the paine ot k/bed heeles, and heipeth Freckles and Spots,if they be firlt 
rubbed over with Salt-Peter,and{o it helpeth the falling oi the Haire, and cureth 
running {ores that {pread abroad watting the flefh as they eo, asalfo burtiing out 
ai Wheales, burnings, inflammations, and {uch like. Spixage is of much ules 
mongtt the Cookes though of bur little amongit the Dostors; yet fome fay that 
ufedin Broath or Portage;it maketh the belly foluble, ealeth paines of the back, o- 



reck inmustaivoy Helesfelinas from iss Gonityinga Afar, 

e Apivmsthat is Parfly; becaufe itis akind ot Parfly,crowingnatu- 
_ ff fally in Marfhy places, and for the fame reafon 1t is called in Latine Palade 
abfolurely, and without any addition, where they follow the Arabian Phyficians 5 
for the moft part, who give it no other name but cease being a generall words 
as Api for : 

me remade oft Plants. igs “29h x 

: The Ferme 

- Ordi Small etowerhiywith green, Saottbs and glitter’ ng Leaves, forn- 
pee Leeman cones  Parily, but much bigzer; fromvamongtt Which rieth up a 
pretty handiome holiow.chamiered jtalk,, adorned with divers Leaves, like unco 
the former, but hefier, 1 up to the cop almoit; where its {mali white Fiower: , 
forth them{eives in large tuits. or. umbeiis; which turne into {maller feedthen 
that of Partly : the rao¢ is is fomwhat great, fhort , andthick, with abundance ef 
black firings Pang crt Thewho.e Plant is oi a very tirong ent, {om 


What like Cori he tait of it being raw, ever a white pléaiancér, 
Bas afcer it fsthebdiedcbeconeton thes psabepames seins ec 
12a. fetes ; ent oe 
. imo e — a The Plea Times : Sache “gta ati the 
bi , f ith ag eu! ey ot age we ee oe 

Ay, yet the nacurali piscerieireat ean wet sd tnarith pine ee was firlt 
bro ught, and is {till co be found in divers places: The naturall place ot the ‘econd 
as Not ee tor though ic be common. in. Greece and fraiy,. ates dar | 

withour {owing and replanting, . They £ both » ben, the C 
ns the imate seth nor comin a ipl : ) 

s hot an 2 ofetecond degree 
\y opctiine casi t 

_ Thoiigh eParfly be more ¢ dible 
oi sn wages then fori 
| ons of rhe Liver and rex, and ae 

a neta Siei 

292, . “Adam in Eden, * eee 


ken in Wink or the Seoeion made i in "the tara Liquor, The foseer Smailage i is 
earen with great delight asa Sallet, wherein beth the Leaves and Rootes maybe 
_ Wed either raw ot boy! ed. Ir may alfo be fryed, and eaten with meat, a3 Parfly 
-Otrentimes is, or the dryed herb may be powdered and {lrewed upon Meat :)but 
the Venetians , with whom it is in great ¢ 5 do either eat at raw after iris 
-whired with Pepper, and Oyle, or elie a little boy!ed or ftewed. The Herb and 
-Root do warme the Stomack, canting it to digett meat , and expell Wind, but 
the feed much more ;. The Root is to be beoraped and iced, and io eaten ‘wich 
sie and Vinegar. re 

— Sn _ aa 

Of Cleavers. : . 


Aparna i st in 

cain Fp aatiaartarberasletheaay OMT ce; ind # 
sishoojon quia. honsinis amans.became it is apt to tick upon hole 1 
which come where ir is, and it is called graddieagos for the fame rea 

weyBpaos Phil 

and grace] ipser, Pliny calleth ic Lappa minor , taying it is Lappaginus pte oy 

theiseus be "erough si lietle e burres,, and therefore he calleth 1c allo Afpery, 
1s calied in E ithe +, Goofelhar j oofegraffe, Cleavers (or Chal 


patie ocuege Purplé-flouredC » The Common Cleavers, Hath 
ets ee dint but full of jo he 

Torito tere bose Plath shattered ¥.CommotiClesilel 

Sones Sod call the beled i 

— es 

Con » The Paradife of Plants. ee 


The emperature, 
Goofe-grage,as Galen {aith, is moderate hot and.dry, and {omewhat of thin parts, 
Ni + The Vertues: ee ai 

-Clevers with {uch fimples as are mentioned in the beginning of the former. 
‘Chapter,or alone by themtelves betrig. chopped into Water-grueli and well boyl- 
ed,be yery wholefome to be eaten in the Spring ac:their hrit coming up, tor 
cheanfing the blood , andftrengthening the Liver and. fitting the Body tor the 
{eafon that followes,by purging away thote excrement itious dregs,which the Win- 
cer hath bredin them ; efpecially from thofe whofe bodyes are fat and groffe. 
The diftilled water drunk twice a day  helpeththe yellow Faundife, andthe De- 
costion of che herb will do the fame, and allo fay Laskesand bloody Fluxes: the 
juice which ts prefled out of the feeds, Stalkes, and Leaves, is good to defend Ve= 
nome from the hearts of thofe that are bitten by Venemoxns Beafts , ifit be drunk 
in Wine. . Ahandfull of Cleavers boiled ima quart of Ale witha litrle pared 
Liquorice, and fome cae to sae ee fe,and oon ftreined,may be fucceffe+ 
fully drunk morning and evening for the Cough , ahd removing Phlegme from. 
sata , Ivis alfo ufed to ftay bleeding, the juice or bruited Leaves being 
applyed coany green Wownd » and not only to Rope blood, bc to lol up the 
Lips of it, andthe powder of the dryed herb ftrewed thereupon doth the fame, 
and likewile helpeth efd Ulcers, The herb flamped with Swines-greafe , aiid ap- 
plyed to any part chat is troubled with the Kixgs-evsll , or any other Kernell or 
yafteth it away, and alfo helpeth chofe that have their Paps {wollen through 
eufded-Milke, Being bruifed and laida foake in Spring-warer foure and twenty 
houres, it isa good remedy for Seabs or fuch like Soresstif they be bathed with 
the {aid water. The juice dropped into the Eares,taketh away che pain of them, 
Diofcorides reporteth that the Shepherds of his time did ufe the branches hereof 
to fal faites out of Mills; aut fo mayoutt Mill-maides, if they wane a Serainer, — 

+ ueme 

: a 

, d . ~ 4 F — we Le = ai x Ld 
; “ . " eT? - a | . ie ‘ ’ i #o€ 
a ; d : P 3 5 xe ey - dl ok 
——— « CHAP, CLXXXVUT 32 
ap 3S ae oe “oi th a big 5 : Oe mde ae deed ee eo Ore at i ? ae 
eer serrighs + ees BETS 1 Dc atts |x wihGh van Posh? 
ei aie : 2 - 
a rik wae * 2 - * ox e oy eR te + ! . 
<qen le. Gi £80 BS tie) ee i cyaeht ris: oi mde 
go RE Be wR Ses Bes tn Oops ee Oe Sit Pos aes os EF 
eos a x . fee < 
‘ E Sart oe utct to cide eo -t 2 em isi 
Me See gig SOO SNS UE et gies ER ARE 421g 



ale iC rhay 

gn Aa aE Bek 
ot SOT. 



294 the Paradife mer Plants. 

The Fo rme, 

Chick-weedbringeth forch 1 many Flexible branches full of joynes,iehith atall x 
appeare to be three or four foot-high, if ic had any buh or fuch like thing, where- 
on it might take hold,as {ometimes it hath; but commonly wanting fomewhat to 
‘wpho!dit t through the weakneffe of irs ftalkes, it lyeth on the eround, fo that it 
feemeth not fo, long; at every yoynt ftandeth cwo {moorh tender Peavey, > of 
a frefh green co.our, one again{t the other; from which on Bes 
fides. come forth other branches, joynted and fec with Leavés in the | 
fame manner ; the flowers which grow on the top ofthe branches be white, 
mutch like the flowers of Stitch-wort ‘but leffer ; in whdfe places fucceed 
knops but not great, in which the feed is contained: The root confifteth of fine 
lictle Scrings like haires. Though there be many Chick-weeds of different forms, 
yet it you break any of them gently, you may eatily perceive a certaine Siew in the 
middeit of aaa which ae declare i it re be of this fort. : 

The Places ited Tine: 

~Chick-weeds fome grow among bafthes and bryers ¥ old Walls, ue . 
houtes, and fhadowy places; fome in Woods and by water-fides;and oth ss 
Mountaines.and rocky places. Some of chem are greene all the Wiancer,’ a 
forch their fowers in the beginning of Spring and their feeds pie 
are Pets not Ronsiag, ull athe and July. 

dis cold and moi, and ot a waterith tubftance ; andtherefore it 
csi wihon bi oso Gea, secs xd? 

As a. hitherto werent are for she moft part tobe ag 
ufed inwardly, fo aa hie hick: wee maybe APE appiped outwardly to che Region ofthe Le 
versthe herb being bruifed or Spunges dipped inthe juice tt os 
which may be renewed when t sg be. aay to the great reliefe of thofechatare 
greived wich the heat of the Liver 5 forit doth coo!e it wonderfully. TheDe — 
costion allo raken inwardly coolech and tempereth the blood inflamedin Agweh 
the heat of the Stomack and Liver breaking out into the Lips, procureth eAppe 
tise being loft or become weake, is nfedin A | 
perf ge “it palo effectual for the Jaundife, ificbettamped 

ad ftreined into fale Ale or White-Wine, anid dranke firitand lat, forme 
stogether, The Leaves boiled with Marfh-mallow rootes in Water, a) 
choy oot ott adding thereunto fome Hogs-ereafe, Powder of Pennerecheand s 
Linfeod doula very 5668 Pultis tobe applyed to Swellings ee apeneeae 
the ripening & ofthem, to take away {wellings of the Leoges 
“Part, toeale eale members tha 7 

*~ ed as eed 
e's re ee Se 

a pale Hoa and Re We wont ppedince ee 
oe Sotorothie'E seifntene ow. thet ao ectto cae th 

elick Feavours, and aflwagechthe 

= The Paradife of Plants. 295 : 

from the Head, and drunk with Honyed-Wine or Water , it piergesb the Belly 
and is good for the Stone in the Kidseys and the Drop/y. Ic hath all che Vertes 
of Pellitory of the Wall,and of Purflaxe too, (faving only that ic is not ufed with 
meat) anid therefore it'helpeth the’ Tosrh-ach- being boyied in Vinegar, and the. 
mouth gargled therewith,  Lictle birds in Cages (elpecially Linnets) aré refrefh- 
ed with ic when they loach their meat & the leffer fort is called Paffer'#a by : 
So much for the Liver in particular, ‘The Difeafes ufwally proceeding therefrom 
are the Jaundife and theDroply : For the former it will be needles ‘toenlarge par- 
ticularly , becaulethere is (carcely 4 Simple appropriared re the Liver, which will’ 
0 adiant ri cpa he li ly the yellow sd nenpenteh sd 
thar have a more {pe Vertue for curing ef 
femal for hatp rf he ny pk ea dies for 
the opi m Mas eee 

ae Py 

1 4 ee 2h 

2 ‘ad ite Grecks dia, becaule itis a sg 

1 is called by Disfer of 
ks and fhadowy banks of Rivers and Ditches, as the moft learned ft 

The Blder-Tree vi ei a2 
pian fr =e zu 
Outward view: aoe 

196 as Adam iz Eden 07, | 
= Nedsiesouds) Whe: Places.and Time, « 

_. Where is noc a Town , not {carcelya feild where the firft groweth not, being 
Planted.commonly for Afoundes , becaufe of its f peedy growth: The Second was 
found by Tragus inthe Woodes of Germany: The Third groweth wild onhills 
inwatery, Woods :. The fosrth is nor found. but in the Gardens ofthe curions; 
The found by waters fides, andin moerith grounds. | The fixth is nurfed 
up only in Gardens... The feaventh croweth wild in many places asin the 46. 
by Orchard at Sts Albans, in the feilds between Bloxham and Milten in Oxfora- 
ees and in divers other places:moft of thele forts Flower about AfLidfummer, but 
Daxe-wort,becaule irriferh out of the ground every yeare flowreth not fo foone ; 
ns age of the fermer is commonly ripe in apes thet of the 24/7, nor before 
a athe ir nn ATED ET AE REE Eg a ~ aos 

Elder is bot and dry in the frcond and shir degree , and Danewort would be of 

the fame quality, if it were not fomwhat ter, | 

The Signature and Vertues,. 

dose ing Faculty being yitia- 
ced atic: CoFtupted, matiy watery bninerirs fall inca the Adomes obec fe 

gicei Ou diy, Weofien Gren with eooifucete to hele eine i 
evacuating grear aie of waterifh Huma the barke'o: fRoot alfe a 7 

Vertueto j 

eth: inflammations in 

rif vy 

_____TheParadifeofPlons. 299 

then taken in Wine halfe a dramme at d time for certaine dayes together,is a 
meane; to bare and confume the flelhof a corpulent boay, and to keep it lean, 
Should I give yowall the Vertwes of Elder at large, 1 fhould much exceed the ufu- 
all Limits of a Chapter, and: therefore’ fhatt only give you a Breviat of them 
and reterre you tothat learned peece of Dr’: Atart'% Blockwich called the Anato- 
my of Elder, where you may {acisfy your felfe perfectly of every particular, There 
is hardly a Difeafe trom the Head tothe Foor, bu it cures; for befides the Ver- 
tues I have allready mentioned, it is proficable toz the Head-ach, tor Ravings and 
Wakings, Hypocondriack<Mellancholy.y the Falling-fickneffe , the A exy@iid 
Payette Tosth-ach,Deaferee,want of tmeliing,Blemifbes of the F 4 # and 
Head, Difenfes of the mouthand Throat , the infirmities of the Langss ng 
and Hoarfene fe, the Plesrify and Prifick;; Womens brefts being fore, (wobning 
Faintne(fe, in Feaveurs, the Plague, Pox, Meafles,D feafes of the Stomack, thé 
_ VFormes and other Diteafes of the Guets, the Hemorrbeides, the'Stone, Difeales of 
the Matrix, &c: Neither is there any.part about this Tree without itsufe, The 
Leaves, Berries, Seeds, Root, and Barkes, 1 have allready: fpoken of, -Of the flo+ 
wers are made conferves, a Syrup; and'Hony, Water, and Spirics , Vinegar, and 
Oxymel., a Wine , Oyle, &c The: young fhoots boiled like cA [pa~ 
nagos » and the young Leaves and Stalkessboited im ofar broth ¢draweth forth 
mightily Choler and tough ‘Phlegme , and {o-do the tender Leaves eaten with 
Oyleand Salt: The VVood ferveth to make Skewets for Butchers, and divers o- 
ther things. The Pithin the middieofrhe'Stalkes being dryed, and put into the 
holes of hollow and fifalens Ulcers that are ready to clole, openeth and dilateth 
the Orifices; wherebyinjections nay be ufeand other remedies applyed for 
the cure of them, andmay be uled ‘ro keep open J/fues infeed of a’Peafe, 
Ic is {aid that ifa Hor/e that cannot frale be ftrucken gently with a Stick hereof 
and fome of the Leaves be bound under his Belly , it will make him Stale quickly; 
It is {aid alfo,that if a branch hereof be put inro the trench where a cMole is, it 
will eicher ave him forth, or kill him there: The Afowntamne ot Red-bery 
Elaer hath the properties thar. che common Elder hath, burmuch weaker; The 
Marlo Elderss of the like purging quality,with the common fort; efpécialty the 
berries or jutce of them. . The Damsewort is nor only more powerfull then the 
Elder, tor all the forementioned purpoles, but hachparticular Vertiies chat are 
not in.the-orher , or at leait are nothing fo prevalent. . The juice’ of the root of 
Danewort,applyedto the Throat, healeth the Qwinfy or Kiags-Evill: the Fur 
dament \ikéwile is ftayed from falling down, if the aice thereof be put therein. 
The Powder of the Seedes taken in the: Decoctioniof Grownd- Pine with 4 little 
Cinamon, to the quantity ofa dram at a.rime,is an approved remedy, -borh forthd 
Gout, foynt—Aches, and Sciatica, and alfo for the French difeafe : for it eafeth the 
paines by withdrawing the humors from-rhe places affected, and by drawi 
torth thofe humors that are Auent 


sr ets 

other Cafualry, and generally to warme c 
pasts being ill, affected;as aliora mollify the hardneflé, and to open't 
Obthe Spleene, the gteived parts beifie annoineed therewith, * 
teagan 2 id Se Pat tip os de wet hicl > Wee res 

| S3 aoe 
a oe : oe Pm Peers oS r ie 
3 : sal te * re 

oe Ew. ee an ee ee 
nis a 

Bee. to 

6 Seine old 



Of Soldanela. 
_ The Names, 

> ¢ OtwichAanding the diffimilicude thar this Plant hath with any of the 
= Cole-worts,yer itis called in Greek spdufn Oernasla by Diofcorides and 
— whom the Latines following have called Braffica mari: 7nd, NOt 
great overfight in both: Neither are fore of our 
Writessuteliieiatiiiet, who follow their Authors to the very heeles, and call it 
Sea Cole-wort, . But: fome Latine Authors confidering the unreafonableneffe of 
_ the former name,have called it Seldana, Soldanella 4 con{olidando,and Convalous 
dns marinusiin Englith Sea-Bind-meed, and Sea-With-wind, becaufe the branches 
on the Sea-Coafts, ‘Ic is called allo Sea-Deltsy bowers a like Bells, and 
fome call itSeafole-foor, for the likeneffe ofits Leaves and thofe of Cx ni 

seit Senrey-gralfe becaufe they ufe it in fteed thereof, 2 
The Kindes, : 

; uskes : the i mcrieres ong frreate 
alge hohe eter as the other Bind- weeds eb ¢ Any 

ng broken , fendeth forth a whitith warer of a biccer falt and un+ 
hich the Leavesalfo have. ‘ ne 

The. Place sod Tine, 

» Lee in at int 
and Sh ve ey : 

iis tobe ound oe : 

_____ 4dam inkden;0r, +‘ 99 

The Temper atare. 
Soldanella is hor and dry in the fecond degree , being of a bitter tafte,and cone- 

quently of an aftringent quaiiuie. 
The Vertues, 

Theres not a berter herb in the World for the Drop/y, then Se/danells (which 
the fhops cail Br. ffic« marina or the Sea-Cole wort) though veryimproperly as I 
have {aid y and becaule there is anothex Piant to which that name coth particu- 
Jarly belong (for being taken inwardiy , it is very powertull in purging down ail 
kind of wate:ifh and Phlegmatick humors, which are the cante ot a Dropfy) 
D ofcorides and others write that it is an enemy tothe Stomack , and theretore 
advi'e that ir be boyled in tise broth of fat meat and drunk, to hinder the irength 
of its working , and they fay alio that it is dangerous for thofe thar have not 
ftrong bodyes: but though that wrought fo vio.ently which grew in their Ci- 
mate, yet that which we ule in England, is amoft {afe Medicine, and may be ci- 
ven to Children and weake Perions.  Howfoever it is ufnally given in the broth 
of aCock with Ra:fins, and Awn feeds, in Powder, and Pills, with Cizamon Gin- 
$67 Anniieeds, Mafiick or Sugar, as alfo with Rubarb and Cubebs , for Rabarb is 
countedan excellent confort tor it, The jmiee alj » not preiied bur itl: ing iorth 
of its own accord when it is broken, gathered and dryed , and afterwards re ent- 
edormade(oft, and laid as a Piaiier to the bottome ot the belly, draweth forth 
watery Hydrep'ck bamours by feige; And leat thee two vies fhouid norbe 
faffictent it hath al o an excel'ent property , nor only to open the obfraétions of 
the Liver but ro frrengthen theiame alto. The Powder of the Leaves mixed 
with Cinamon G nger, and Sugar, is an excellent remedy againit the Wormes, The 
Leaves may be caren after the manner of Sewrvy-Graffeto purge the belly, The 
Powder oi the Herb is of very good uleco bring or raife mp eth in ceep and hol- 

len Npeabeey sie re tes eth.m. The Mount sine-Soldanellais good to 
: unas. andhe pthe Sciaticaand ome, pee as 

con/oli ate # 

ee ae oF Bryony. . | : — 

| Tis called in Greek aurtnes neuxd Vigis alba, 

Vine, but becaufe it is fomwhat like : ; 




500 Adami in ¥-den;Or7; » 

—=—=__—_— - Fae ae ae 
The Kinds, 

_. Thongh Sire be but tae forts hereof growing sige sy in Eviglined yyer'l find 
there be others of this kind 9 growing beyond” ther Seas, 1,»Common White 
Bryony or Wild Vine, 2, Common White Bryony, with black-Berries, pa 
Black Bryony with black-fruit in Clufters..° 4, Candy White Bryony with doy- 
ble Berries, 5. Black Bryony with fingle red geetticn ‘6, Common black 
Bryony, er our Ladies Signet, . Gt dood qoex 

a, The Form, Japirara oxi, 44 iy 

The Cingida ‘White Briony bringeth forth, divers long eabdhedndes Sealker, 

“with many clafping tendrells ; ee it: catcheth holdand clamberethon 
thofe things which are Next it. Leaves are broad, and fomwhat rough, di- 

“vided atter the fame manner: as thofe, of the ordinary Vine are, bur more haity 

“and whiter of colour 2 Th flowers be fall , and white, growing’ many coge- 

‘ther. towards the tops. of the 7 confilling of five fmall Leaves a 

“laid open like; aftarre ; the Berries which f cceedthem, grow inlittle Clufers, — 
but not fo.neere one to another as Grapes do, greene at firit, but red when theybe 
ripe. The Rost fomtimes groweth to the bignelle of faChild ofayeare old;' fo 
that it hath been 1 by fome cut into the forme of a’ Man, andcalleda Mazndr. 
being fet againe into the Earth ; It is ofa white yellowith colour, extreame bie _ 

“tery. “and altogether of an unpleafant taft, Stor io Sea vee eat ae 

. 31 ZO YES aL og Tae pak ; 

\ ae 

+. ies 

-_ The jirff jer hedges, Se Weed anions 
‘Por-herbs. The fecondin Germany Bohemia, Ge: The thirdismentioned 
“Diofcorides and others, bur its place is not certain trainly known, = The F 

“Creet, The fift in 6 Jermany, by a Village named Hun nninges. The taf in very ‘ 

many ‘places in our own Landin Hedg-rowes and Ceppices, They. pee Sas. Maj, ae 
‘orthereabouts, and bring forth their ripe berries in. Antumne , pensipins ft o 
er a are not fo CN ae and | feldome. brin: s 


eatet Ps See exceeds 
heat, of great force in cleanfing and{comring, 
aoe draweth ‘forth not only Cholerick = 
uc watery allo, 

Peep Signasure aed renee’ dsorks ee ve im rs : 
2 SEE ke @ ie sie Drop | 
c thereunto, : Andindeed, ignrare > , thete- ae 

ICE 4 i erie 

pears ar] Nanny So 
cup. 2 OF wa root with a oe 
Ginger , being drunk in atitcle White-Witie ; The juice 

cma » may benfed for the fa itl ae . “Now becaufe : 

Ss iecry onc kuoweeaeMay ofee the juice , T fhall here fer ic down? 
In Aprilmake a deep overthwart cur or into a Briony root, taking away the 
-- Earth firft from it ; put in a Goofe-quill, a little under the flit , floping the quill a 
ee... ay which youmnftehraf sto che roet : = but firft make a hole with fe 

“sake ay 

seen 4 Te¥e : 
eae? Beer LS i 

inns ae ee ey opt _ 
The Paradife of Plants. 301° 
knive to get in the quill,and fo you may gather great tiore of che Water of Briony, 
placing a receiver under the quill, for the making of the compound Water ot Bri- 
ony, a {poontull whereof taken by thole that are troubled with fits of he A4ither 
“eafech chem, it porently expells the After-birth, and clean‘eth the Womb exceed- 
ingly. Ic is likewile profitablein the Fallieg-fickne se , Pally, Apoplexy, Sw as- 
ming of the Head 8 other dileales of the Braiae by aipecifick Vertue,thar ict hath 
in drawing away Phlegme and Rhenmatick humours , that opprefle thoie pares, 
Ic provoketh rine, and cleantech the Reines and Kidneys from Gravel and Stone , 
openeth the obitructions of the Spleen, and con{umeth the hardneile and iweing 
thereof. A fcrup'¢ of the Root in Powder, being taken in Whice-Wine, bring- - 
eth down Womens Conrfes, butis norto be ufed by Women with Child tor tene 
of abgrtion.. An Eiestuary made of the Rootes with Honey or Sugar is ‘ingular 
good tor themthat aré jhort-Winded, troubled with an eld Cough, paime in the 
Gdes, and tor fuck as are hurt or brnifed iriwardly, by any fall, for i diffolverh and 
expelleth the clorced or congealed blood, The Root is good againit the b:ting of 
any Penemous Creature, and killeth Wermes in the body. It is good ithe Kings 
Evill , the juice being taken with equall parts of Wine and Honey. The Facala 
ot Dregs thereofare ued for the aforefaid Dileafes, five or ten graines being ta- 
ken atatime. - It alfo {cowreth rhe Ski# , and taketh 2 

POMEL AES PINS beth to dray f 

ftamped with Wine, and applyed, it breaketh Boiles, and helpeth Whit-loavs he 

ow about the Roores of the Nailes. Te cleanfeth the skin trom the Morphew, 
ye running Scabs and Mang ineffe, ifa bath be made thereof, or the juice 
_ applyedthereunto. The berries may be ued for the fame purpofe, and the diftill= 
ed Water, though not {o {trong as the former, is nléd fer Freckles and Spots in the. 
Face, A Peffarymade of the Root, bringeth down the Courfes in VVomen , and 
bringeth forth the After-birth,and Dead-Child; and 4 Bathe made hereof cleanfech 

oe brutied and applyed ot it 
Free ele ie Bh : 


oS" sige 


Heb, ek ee es 
aaa se Bae. 

Rhabarbarsm album, and Rhabarbarum Mechoacanam,to dittinguith it from Ru- 

jez. ~—~Ss Adam in eden, OF, 

Tie Kuds, 

of the’ e@ Mechoncans there are aE forts rrenuioned by Authors, 1, The 3 
Me hoacan ot Perw. 2, The Wild Mechoacan.. 3 ‘Biack Mechoucan a 

si ERs The Form. 

The «Mechoacan of Peru, as it groweth in thefe parts 5 fendeth fea long 
branches ot a dark grayifh colors wincing about what oever is next them, and 
theretore Poes arefet iorthemrto ron » FOD ; The Leaves.are fomewhat broad- 

ointed at the ends 'ike unto thole of black Briony , faving thar they arexhi 
‘and harder in handi‘ng feeming fo dry as if they had no juice inthem: The 
ers (which are many, and fiand in long cintters) are.of a{ulen yellow co! Lour 
in the Indies, of the bignefle ofan Orenge flower, in the warmer Countties of Ex. 
‘rope ofa dark whitifh olour , but with us it was never known ro flower by rea 
fon ot the coldnefie of the Cc im ; the Reot eroweth tobe as great as any Brio- Ps 
‘py root aimolt, without either tat: or fmell > haying Circiesi init when itiscut, 
‘as may be perceived by the dry root, which is D C D FEO > > Sele aa be 

be broucht into powder, a 
za . The Places and Time. 

ee the Place and Time,I need adde no more than what 4 haye ls in iy ‘A 
the names and deicription, s 

fecond corfiiiing of an airy {ublance , and inba 
_ The Signature awd Vertwes, Sais 

uanoai da: as well as Briony hath the S: ‘gnatu eof the Dropfy, and i is found to be 
ve y niefull rherein, for it draweth away water and ph'egme, and alfo firengthen> 
ethi ve Liver, ard inward parts, working withor t any hurefull « uality. “molef- 
tion or griping, contrary to Briony, and molt other purgative Medicines, fothac 
‘it may be § civen to oid men, Children, Women with Chiid, andweake perfons 
-any ¢ offence 5 Notwichitancing, i it is nor of rhatefleeme.ic was at icsfirft 
w amongit us, though the Vertves/arethefame, fo much do ee 
oard the no Bimore than the goodneffe ofathing, Itis alfo proba 
fong< tinued Head-ach, clening the braine and Nerves , and p 
Rheumatick cen and humors that are in them ; aga paines ie 

neat rio ett Chal » 2 Z a 
Bit effe , Catarrh, Rheume , ; a 
tea Bog A ie ain ot ae 

ao fone ees on ~e 
i ered Root not €: xceedii 

the Paradife aes 2 303 

or or thol e that are fubject to be bound, for though it purgeth at “the Ait it canfeth 
the body ro be more coftive afterwards. Jalap pure eth Ph legmatick Cholerick 
and Melancholick, bur cheifly watery humours , andthat more ftronely then 
the former, and therefore i it is no leffe profitable in the dropfy , and helpeth the 
Green-fick#effe, 4 drim thereof being taken in Wine'wich a little Axmifeeds and 
Ginger to correct the nanfeoutnefle, whereby it troublech the Stomask, iid‘ in..” 
clineth ic co Vomit; 

oe PE Broome. 

The Nias? 

Tisu uncertaine st nett this Plant were known to the Gréciahs, unleffe ic 
were the sxdglor of Diofcorides . whichis ‘much doubted by divers Authors. Te 
is calledin Latine Geniffa , and Genefta, a genuum flexilitate, from che Hexibies 
neffe thereof, or rather guia genibus medeatur dolentibus , —becanfe ic + Heipes | 
_-paine of pane are cages mate Ler ciem, propaget, becaute it is ealily e1 
created ; = saedinginirstot here it taketha hiking, dt is called in Ey 

The Kids 

The fie of Fiiiey Broom, Candy, and Spanifh Broom, &c : (divers whereof 
we have in our Gardens , and elfewhere) are fourteene. 1, Out ord:nary Broom, 
2. Smallorlow Broom. 3. Iland Broom. 4. White Broom. 5. Drwarke 
Broom, 6. Dwarfe Broom of Candy. 7. Common Green-weed or Diers-_ 
weed. 8. Spanifh Green-weed. 9. Bafe Broom of Germany. 10, ‘Spanifh 
bafeBroom, 11. Baftard SpazifhBroom, 12, Ordinary Spanifh Broom, 13 
The {mall Spasifh Broome with yellow Flowers. 14 a white flour~ 
ed eS Broom. — 

The Form, 

“* _Beamsa Buh: Ob Pat yng aro wo woody branches about the 
| pacts ih a from which flender twigges, cornered , 
__ greene, tough, and eafy to be bowed, man cies dididesibeeiimatier beans 

about which do grow Nicele Lesvesfan Eee green colour , and brave yellow. J 
_ Flowers, which falling off give place unto certaine Cods, cihawteg ct 

but afterwards black, | like u unto thofe ofthe Common. . 

, = : aise difcovered on Tiler: in aie cade ev one of : 
natui and therefore I fhall fayno more then I have done | 
y that which is called [/LandBroome growes in an 


| 504 * Adam in hier. Or, ; 

fer, yet they SSR ect th eit feeds before Winter, the Spani (o kinds belog fomewhat 
Ja ter, then the: other. . 
As bTemperature, =e 

+ ~ 

“The *Thibee Flowers, and feeds of Brésme are hot and dry, in ik fecondde~ — 
; they are alfo ofa thin effence, and are of force to cleanfe and | Open, elpeci< 
‘ily the feed, onan is dryer, and not {6 full of fuperfluous. Moikure, 

retell, ye eileen b= The Ve ertues, 

~ The jaice or decottion of che young Branches, or the Seed br Powder thereof 
taken in drink, purgeth downwards , Phleematick and watéry humours, and 
therefore itis profitable for thofe that have theDrop/7, efpecially if ic be ufed {with 
Wine, yetin other infirmities it is betterwith Water. Thereis alfomade of 
the Afhes of the Stalkes, a Lye wich White or Rhenifh-Wine, whichis highly — 
commended by divers forthe Dropfy, and likewife for the Green-fickneffe ; butit 
muft not be ufed roo often for feare it fret and hart the entralls, Iris effeCuall * 
likewife for thof : that are troubled with the Gout , Sciatica , and other painesof 
the Joyxts , and fides, helpeththe fwellings otthe Spleene, cleanfeth the Reies — 
Kidueys, atid Bladder of Gravell and the Stone engendered therein, and hincereth 
it from “ever coming againe, fending forth rhe canfe thereof by Arint, — 

_ which ic provoketh “abundantly, The conftane ufe ofrhe Powder of die 3 

the Eeaves, and Seeds doth cure the Black Jaundife, being takenin wine, and 
the Seeds and Flowers being any wayes taken do much preferve from the Gout 

and Stones The Flowers ‘being. made.intoaConferve or preferve with Ronyot 

oF inOyle fora littl fate and laidrothe fides that are pained either by t 

“@ th body, being anointed iconic a es force ene ici 

ch confume the Kings- Evil, The difiilled 
, ‘able for the forefaid purpofes,. helpeth farfets, 
; : taken with. Satna of the water 3 the <4 
leffer Sehr, andthe party laidtofweat, “It is moft excellent ro help the a6 
Kings-Evil, if one ounce of the water betaken morning and evening fora 
months fpace, Or longer if need require, The tops or flowers of Broom 2 
bruifed and mixed with: Hogs-greafe cure the paines of the Knees, the Gout 
andany bruife or fwelling by/reafon of humors, falling down thither, The 
Flowers alfo bruifed and mixed with Hong sae Role orthe white of an og 
beaten together and applyed, confume the hard Swellings of the King ae ae 
The juyce ‘of the young branches, orthe young branches themfelves bruifedy 
orthe ares ee into Ointment with Hogs-greale,: or boyledin ae fame, 

2 the like, orin the Spleen, eafeth them in once or mye 
fame boyled in oyle isa fate and fure medicine to kill Lice, and» 
rmine, breeding if the Head or Body,and being applyed to the Sciat. ) 
pnts peth its The Pr alohe,or mixed with hony,and applyed, « cures eg 
. anc ied Hlcers.The Flower and Tops being bruifed & applyed 
Ip the biting of S sand Venemous Creatures. The oyle diflilled fromthe 
i ‘ds is mz niefull to takeaway {pots, freckles and deformities of the 
kg ng buds Of the Flowers being pickled are a fallet of great 
eerie oe age og sa aig 0. 1e!p 

£0 trie the Broo ) as ‘old and ileby sce ee 
ing put into oyle Olive and ra in the Sun certain daye 
Spots; Lenziles,F reckles, Pimples, Whealesand P shes fi 


. mero 

| the Paradife of Plants. = 30§ 
and may be conducible to. the fame difeafes, butfome fironger, fome weaker, 
But the pte effettwal of all the Brooms is the Spanith kind, which hath not onely 
all the properties aforetaid very exaétly, but others al{o.° Ic purgeth both upwards 
and downwards, efpécially the feed, which being takemto the quantity of a dram 
in Meade or honyed water, purgeth by vomit, as Hellebore doth, yea without 
trouble or danger... An Oxymel or Syrupe made of the Flowers, Seed,! and Vi- 

negar often ufed, breaketh & healerh all Impoftumes of the Spleemsby canting the 
corrupt matcérto voidit felf, and Courest humors ftom the Joynts, 


“Hap, CxclVv. 3. Sue 
_ OF the App- Tree. ae 

BR eH. Ghee o> he Named, PGB atiod nati be 
—— and of fome weata, in in Latin Fraxingss, 9 quia sail: 

cile frangit#r, becaufe che boughs of ic are eafily broken, » ote eed or ra- 
ther the inner kernel therofis called Lingua Avis,andLingua Paferinastre 
the form thereof, ying lie amen Bie ate se; in Englith A/b-Keyes, 
of fome Kitkeyet and Peterkeyes, TheTree th 
‘As of the colour zs Afhes, The wild A 
= 0 -De ‘the - Theophrapies? 

Heth Ornss ; of fome Y Orweopl few. raxinus (jtoepris: Frasinea 
“arbor, pas ‘becante Boyes and Fowlers ufethe Berries as Baires 
- to catch Blackbirds, Thruthes, @&c, Inthe esa whe Wild ae burt more 
generally Traxinus bubula the Quicken-T ree 


| The Kinds 

te or poe rer ia I Tinve aired mentioned, I, The Cans 
| mon grit Aft, The wild Aly or Quicken-tee, ; ; 

— ie - a ‘a 
au rie ofits Pécany 

The Lojmes 13 eee 

” The Ath common tifeth with a ftraight body, (oe ree tOa very creat » 
thicknels but com sf nly of a aale feat i is covered with a fmooth oe of 
2 grayith colour;{p teafonable wel,and bearing long winged Leavs,conGitt-: 
ing oF others, which ftand by couples, one over againftanorher, the urrermoft 

onely being éxcepredjwhich fiandeth alone ; all which are long, narrow, gentle, 

: ofa Bes een colli and defited about the | ¢ at or] j with the 
Leaves,cometh foreh «brinch ef s,and after chem a bunch of ceds, ommon- 
dy calleds fomewhat ix bees hot in themouch 5 rere | 

~ clmes fmall round B. ls called App 


The Bales or A pples ofthe 4 (h come forthin the end of Winter, the leaves and 
flowers of = the Spring; and the feedand frui istipe, in ih 

Adem | in biden: Or, 

we rn te ees —— 

The Temperature, 

"The Leaves and Bark of the Ath-Treeare dry and moderately | bo 5 the i feed : 
is’ her and ine in the sfoena: degree, . . 

The Ve ert nes, 

Thete i is tenia atiy parc about the Ath bur is don for the Dropfy : The 
- Leaves and Bark with the tender Crops boiled in ‘Wine » and drunk , are excel- 
lent for it, for they parge Water ; and fo doth the Warer that is diftilled from” 
the Leaves,Barke, or Seed. The : young ‘Rootes alio boiled in Ale, and a draught 
thereof drunk morning and evening, is ‘profitable for the fame. The faid Leaves 

and Bark,boiled in Wine and drunk, do likewile open and comfort the Liver and * 
Spleene, and eafe the paines and Stisches of the fides , and fo will they do being | 
boiled in Oyle; and applyed to them: outwardly :. and being uféd in the fame 
Manner, it is fineular ¢ againft the biting of the Viper, Adder, or anyother — 
yenernous beaft, to which purpofe the {eed may alfo be drunk in Wine accord- 
ing to that Verle of Serenms, Fraxinenm femen cums Bacchi rore bsbendumef, 
The Leaves and Barke are teported to ftop the Belly, and being boiled with Vine-— 
sara and Water do.ftay Vomiting , if they be laid upon the Stomack, Three or 
e Leaves taken in Wine every morning conftancly, doth make thofe Jeane 

which are fat ; bilcl waeroltbe X from grofinetie which begin to wax fat ; and 
fo.doch the diftall penal iy Ber > afmall quantity taken every morning. 
The DecoSstion in White 7 to break the Srone,and ex- 
pell pee. the Pyaniie The fools having rheis Huskes taken off , pre- 
vaile againit Stitches and paines in the fides proceeding of Wind , and the Stome by 

provoking Urine ; They are commended alfo for the Rickets, to increafe # 

vall [eed; to ftir up > bodily Laft  efpecially being powdered with Nutmegs, Finda 
drunk. The Lye, which is made of the afhes of the barke : curech chole Heads’ 

_ which are Leprous, Seably, org ebtine Valied ete The Leaves of che 

Wild Ajh boiled in Wine are good againft the paines in the fides , the | Roppir 

the en and affwageth the bellies af thofe which havethe | Tympany or 


= oF che ne Saffafras or cAgM- Tree. : 
The Names, = 

He nieok this Ingredient i is of lace iavantionthereioret were in ine 
ro feek for the Greek name. It is called in Latine Saffafras, which 
3 is alfo the French and S ith name ; but why they catled it fo. 
: yer the French were the firlt that difcovered the Vere 
Id, For at their being neere the Florida , they got A 
‘Leoves, which as I conceive was the Drep/y,and other difeales; _ 
"and intemperate dyet,’\ which they uled; for whichthey — 
ey had learned the ule of this Tree from che Natives 5 

-monvy{t chem the Englif hs who call ic alfo the Agne-Tree, fromits Vertueia. Z 
healing che Ague. TEES Reset Bas 90 nes: ane segrme/ Ps CRED 5 

by lying on 
_ could get no: 

aa the Paradife of Plants. me 

q 25d fi = oghe feie : ‘_ 

The Sajfafras-Tree groweth up with a fraight T veal fe y.fmooth and yoid 
of sis lh icbeet- @ reafonable height , covered a “thick. barke of an 
Albcolour , which is of a very hot quick talte ; towards the top come forth many 
goodly branches, fpreading them/elves into a Tound figure »r compafle whereon 
do grow green Leaves, fomwhat like thofe of the Fig-Tree, but much leffer, of 
a {weet fmell when they be pbut muich more when they be dry, fomewhat 
refembling the {mell o Fennell ofa very fweet taflealio. The Flowers are (mall 
and yellow , made of threds, very like unto the A@ale Cornell-Tree, from whence 
proceedeth the fruit, which growerh cluftering together, yet {et in fmall cups 
upon long foorftalkes : the Roots are not verylaige , neither of any greacdeprh, 
but are ceectea with a Bark, fomwhat redder aay that of th e Tree, andare of 
more force and efficacy thenany ocher parts ofit » yet the re(t are: alfo of very 

cule, | 
great et ied “The Places and Time. 

tite Tree groweth in moft parts ofthe 2 Indies, efpecially about the Ca pe 

of Florida > Bich 3 1S not ssa fee Pa a It keep eth greene all c] e. cer 

a Seer eee bur ar what time ic How. sch an 3 Posner 
learned, : 

The boughe: ches of  Saffefae a are fet oa Fas in teed degree ; a 
‘he pedis hotter, for thar it entrech into che third degree of beat and dryne ie ie 
spc any peteeived inthe decodtion, 

_ The Ke crimes, 

robe obferved, that nor only chofe things chat purge watery and Phleg- 
mai amon te ofc ne Dry bi sate any emi 
nent full . them up, as Sefafras without andshere- 
fore it is ned with erreord fucceffe in the difeafe teledtegee oa -esthere- 
ot being firft teeped foure and a honres in: a gallon and hal of Water. 4 
andaears bi to the ove bh pips chen {irained,may be given tothe 

i ra vt pad Eres > for certaine dayes together: 

— ’ . ee ae ; aie 
308 Adam in Eden,Or, ; 
ufedin Diet-drinkes with other chines and may begivenin Powder fromafcrn 

pletotwofcrupies. The Smell of the Wood or Root expelleth che corrupt and 
evill Vapours of the Pestilence. 

Of Palma Chrifi. 
ge oe The Names, 

[i called in Greek xin, 4 xpS]ov , Cici and Croton, becanlé the feed of it refems 

biesa living Creacure, which is wont tobe in Sheepe, and other Cattle called 

—aTyke.  Itis caliedalfo Ricinus in Latine for the fame reafon ; yet ic hath orher ~ 

* Names as Palma Chr. ff: trom the Leaves and Root, which do very much imitate 

_ ahand, and Catapstia major of the Apothécaties, becaufe of its properties, which 

_ are conformab'e to the Spurges, the Oyle Whereof is by chem called Oleumde ~ 
Cherva and Oleum Cicinum, © This is held by Expofitors ,to be the Plant men- 
tioned in Jonah, under the name of a Gourd, It is calledin Enelifh Palma 
Chr fti, or great Spurge, in Hebrew Kikand K:kaijon, pes: 

The Kindes, 

re Fores ofthis Grea Spurge lft upon record by Authors, 1. 

e more of inary Pa rifti or great Spurge, 2, PalmaChridiof Sy, 
; Palma Chriitt America, ast MeL ey a RPO ae 

® Palma Chrifti hath a great round hollow ftalke riGng to the height of feaven ae 

eight toot, ofa bewith greene colour. The Leaves are great and large, tafhion- 
Pre the Leaves of the Fig-Tree , but greater ; refembiin: ‘die heer aman 

wirh the Fingers {preadabroad, of a dark greene colo r onthe upperiide, but 
whitifh underneath, the flowers are bucton-like, flancing on the tops of the ie, 
_ branches which fall away without bearing Seed; bura littie lower, there break 
forth other Heads which are rough and three cornered » and containe within 
themafeed like a Tyke, of anhor fiery tafte, out of which, in tho‘e Countryes. 
where it is natural, is prefled eutthe aforementioned Oy/e, a 

a 3 The Places and Times, a 
The fff growerhin Spaine, and other hot Countries toa véry oteat bionelles 
abiceth many y sare 5 bc the coldneffe of our Climate fant ane ce ot any 


a3 f 


growth, becanfe ic perifheth every with us, yet Ihave feen icin M7. 

Garden by Sion houle, Tear eHe aey foot-high ore more like unto 4 

»then an annuall Plant. Sel Bealgieti ied eégypt; andthe 

in America in Gelifco a Province of New Spain , frotti whence the Oyle ul= 
ight unto us, Tho’e that flower with us do it in Augult, bat 

me CO pertectripencficin chisCountrey, = 


~ the Paradife of Plants. op: 

‘The Temperature, 
The feed of Palma Chrift is bet and dry in the third degree, a) 
| ate The re ertnes sand Siguerers. 

Though the feedes of Palma Chripti are not to be taken rafhly by fede of their 
violence in purging; yet, advice bei firlt had, they may with Anni‘eed or Fen _ 
nelfeed be given to {trong ‘and able b , that are troubled withthe Drepf7 , 
Foynt- ache: Gout, and Sciatica, becaufe they lay. Water & Phlegme very tirong- 
ly fromthe remote parts, the Powder of three of them being taken in Whey or 
New Milk. The {ame may be boyled inthe broth of an old Cock, and taken 

purpo ees yleis wled in Glilers too pen obftruttioxs , to eae 

| fe of the Afother , nai fo ic doth if the places 
ee a aed therewith , and fome few drops thereof taken in a little 

Chicken broth chat is fac : Ic wonderfully helpeth the cramp being gently rub- 

bed on the places greived therewith, for it canfeth rhe cae that were fhrunk to 
be ftretched forth: The Stomack, abslizg or leftlide bets is d 5 so lyeth,bei: 
annointed ici ealed of eee ajnes and @ yp 

he 9s and running {ores _ 
pped into the Eares , a andthe | 

‘mightily cleantech the skin from ali manner of {pots 
and blemifhes, as alfo the deformities of {carres andofthe Pox, Thegreene 
Leaves bruifed and applyed of themfelves or elfe with Barly-Meale aflawage the 
Tsflammations as well as the {welling ofthe Eyes, andthe fwellines alfo of Woa 

mens Brefts after Childing, and in ca! ywant A&ilk, they are good to procure? 
it, auld by aby ee The jtiice 6 

fice Of the Leaves,applyed to any Word that 
arog Arrow vr head, Saale out, if any fuch be 
d therefore 

care avails. 

H10" Adam in Eden, Or, : ee ~ 

The Kinds, 

Of this Claffeworth therefore be four forts, 1, Great Glaffewort, with Segilec 
like feed, 2. Small white ey Sars re Glaffewort of AP 4 Joynted Glafle- 

wort. : | = 
The Form, 

* The great Glafewors sifedit dpa a big round, flefhy ftalklike unto oP kr 

lane two foot high or there abouts, divided i into many branches, whereon 46: 
crow. may thicklong flefhy Leaves, pointed at the ends grewing without Or 
‘der, fometimes but one or two, and fometimes more ftanding at a place, and in. 
_ deed moitcomonly here and there alfo, difperfed upon the braaches come torth 

{mall brownifh heads, curned round like fnailes, wherein lye fmall round feed; 

the Rove is fomewhat gong pes see re perifhech — 
: Sere givch iy BONS fe ke SS ang 

‘Sea aoe ‘cs ownaccord, and id ‘very large fields thereof, are jown 
_ and Ga(coive,tor the abundant profit that is maleated tte The fe na, crows 
the fame Countries, and in thole which are colder alfo, nor onely by the’ Sea 
. bythe fale pits chat are remote, both in Saxenie andalioin the Weitern 
‘of our own Land. The third is known to grow no where buein Egype 
on the 2 Weltern Sh old Naples. The fe a as well upon oucowia 
pany. They all flourith inthe : 
and for » Out 

is az anyof theaforem ntioned forts, or the juycewhich is much . 
drink, doth purge ‘downwards, by char cleanfing quality whichit — 
ck w and aduft Sa OREN humors ,, and 
ft eciaal remedy for the It 1s allio 
* effecua at , co expell the dead birth, nee he Ot Si 
“ftrnst a Se ee Lak ‘Spleen, and fo confume the hardnefle thereof, buc 
emuttbe “sgh apt Be ogemnrees ye 
pend cimes mixed with thofe things which are ufed as cor 
Spon Eons Raliesiek growerh pee} 

= It ferv ieee alfo to ay up raowier: soe and fat Testers, Ringers and 

arg aloes ak acteatie : ange 
=e = =e 220510 SH Ay cxcvmts flies 2 
ston di oy dara , 2 Of Spurge. Lanrel. 

a Rees ta Thea Naines, tery * 

a och pene : 
os » both becat ett pl ly a the Bay 
- Free, or rather from th Cianfiiptee whined dives “led tie nel 
“Trees Fi dion etrnis ty. 
“toa! SIT 527 The Kinds, 
wo0tts oe eth 
Therebe bucawe veeanischcni properly Be: eferted co this kit 
“Lawell 2 Con Sees AN a ag wie cose 


>  Sperge Lanrel rifeth Ses ee a one, but Commor 

" saasseeles of acubit high or morey very rough and Pas coveres 
mbitith barkswhereon arejley many long,{moorh, fhac br 
~ing dark, green Leaves, fomewhat like. pre. ee but lefler, fmoother 
. fotter,and. hard veins therein as Bay-Leaves have, The Flowers come out . 
cowards the tops of the Stalks, andat the Joynts with the Leaves, many fet to- 

echer,whi. h are fomewhat long and hollow, ending or {preading inco four {mall 

_feaves, ofwhitih, yeliow, green colour, which give place to mall round, and 
fomewhat long black-berries when they are ripe, wherein lyeth a white kernel, 
The Root groweth down deep into the ground; ; and fpreadeth likewife to ong, | 
white rings (omewhat wooddy, Both Leafé and Flower, both Bark 
are veryhor and (harp in talt, heatingthe month and throat of any tliat ‘toa : 
cait chem : Ic keepeth its gréén Leave: Sallthe Winter; asallocher Bay Tree iy 

oe agen es aoe ee 
The Places and Times, E 

oT age meieeny se che Leo! ot Gee 
ro aa daeren aerate! scot geet 

| k amg 9 The) Temperature, 

Spurge Lawrellis of avery bi and biting Temperature, 
| The Vortues, 

Ic is reported of this Plant, that if the Leaves be gathered with ones 
tending parards, it caufeth vomiting, if downwards it caufech purging, snes i 
_tmeitis,lcannctafirm.; for I never knew it raken inwardly : yet I [find upon 
Record, that the Leaves purge flymy phiegme, and waterith fuperfuities, and 
are therefore good tor the Dro fy, and that fourteen or fifteen of She Berrie do 
_the like. Notwithftanding th are{aidto purge very violearly inflaming and 
‘the Throat, and wri the Stomack ot wholoever fhall take thereof, 
and driveththem into divers dangerous’ difeafes: howbeit this feemeth tobe 
| of the inconfiderate aechnest for it isfaid that if it be taken 
purgeth phlegme, trom the Stomack,, and oftentimes by vomit alfo, it procureth 
_ Womens Conti ealetl the p aines of the Chelick and being chewed in the mouth,it 
' draweth down from the Head and Brain, much ¢ matter that would of- 
fendir, And if there be any that underftand nét; wha is meant by the!W 
~ advifedly, fet thin ‘eri chat ics ti te aatnaer alte olhelol eke Gemdieisie Wi k 
“The Leaves muft be tteeped twenty four hours in good ftrong Vinegar, and th 
dryed, and sired Manic ae in wine, with Annifeeds and Maftick, or elfe 
eer eh Sweet milk of broth or a Capon and {o taken, the dofe nor 
Per two. enna sens The Oy! wherein the freth Leayes.and 
4 ftrained;and the belly anointed therewith, loo! _ 
felpet the Collec ciilen, Meador on the back and reines 

a8 a 

: frend for the fad cloves treba orl Take slower Lave - 
~ two drams, roots of Polypody, : 5 of eachai nd half, Doelder 
*drams; ‘feech them in wine or water, cillthe Third pare be C 
“of: the Liquor of that decoction one pound, Spc ae nso pet : 
“or E widumtwo dams and a half, Honey of Rofesone ounce, , 
of Rue, Camomile and flowered Luce; ‘of each one ounce; of Sal: Gamat 
| am aba ‘Commixe them all, and makea Gliter, , 

‘ €: = ~ ae $4 pm a ¢ ns - erg sey ar re ee . ae _—_ a 

: : SC SARae CaS . Ra ae: a ae ke eee 
Saba ata og = 
a a ° eee 

a ; . 
ee Bi il jm , tae ge a ‘x « . ‘ ne s a rt 

Se : . — ere 3 

* of aap a ¥ 

Hie, > + nee = ea r i + 

" : te * hi . 
slat wey. . 

the Paradife of Plants. ~~ 313 
Antirrhinum of Pliny , and indeed it feemeth tobe.akind of Suapdragon by 
its flowers , yet orhers will rather have itto ‘be Ofpris both of Pliny » 
Diofcorides and Galex , wheteunto ic doth in many things agree. There is 
akind hereof whichis called Scoparia, and Herba Studioforum becaufe Scho- 
Jers heretofore yas their Studdies wich beefomes ‘made: thereof, 
and Belvidere of Italians for the giorious fhew that’ the flower of 
it makes. Some calf it Wild- Flax in Englith, but that name doth more proper- 
Ty belong co another kind , itiscalled allo Toad-Flax becaule Toads will {ome 

ne fhelter themielves Se ate ear ofit, aad Flas-weed; in Suffex, 
si ‘The Kinds, 

: __Thowgh there be man usps fats forts of Planwad fhall trouble youbue with tew of 
1. Great Toad= 2. Sweet purple Toadflax. 3=°-Variable Toad- 

aa 4. Toad-flax of Walentia, 5. White Toad-flax, 6, Tale Toad-flax. 
7. Buthy ny Toad-flay, 8, Golden Toad-flax. 9. Broom Toad-flax, 16 Spar- 

rowes Toad-flax. 
The Vorines S¢ 

pers 16 (ee fakich ruretieckite aid. dat wo pn We ityround head rie oe 
-is tomwhat woody and White, efpecially the mainte down right onte,with many 
“fibres thereat, abiding many yeares no seashkoptgs srcry way round a~ 

~ sbout, and new br aI NPs 
"The Placer snd Time He: 

22 Some ofatiGeeioeatits. fore grow onlyin Gatdens, she <p! 

their particular places would beto little purpofe, feeing none but the ordinary 
fort groweth naturally in oor Land, forasmuchasIcan learne. * flower 
ns er fome of ches feed being ually ripe cowards 

The Temperaenre 

Tead-flax is hor and dry as may be 
saben sige pescrl em abet sna 

es ene: which it d 
_ itdoth , di 3 Leaves ar in Wi 
and dru: 0 it fomw’ move the downwards 
_. Sotustions of che Liver and helpeth the pelle oa : 

Adin inden, Or, > 

34. saa eo 
‘be a Tiraprige, sémedy, for the Dropfy 5 » to {pend the Wa ater and humors: the} jit: 1 
2 Of the herb or.diftilled Water, dropped into the eyes is a certaine remedy for all 
ate 5 anflamuations and redneffe inthe Eyes. The juice or diftilled Water’ put 
into fowle Ulcers, whether they be cancrous or fiftulous >, with tents rouled there- 
iny or the parts wathed or clenfed herewith by the {pirting of it into them, clear- 
_eth them throughly from the botrome, and healeth them up fafely ; The fame 
< dpice or water doth, Tene cleanfe the ski» of all manner of deformity,as the 
Lepry,. pry, AMarphew, Scurfe, Wheales, Pinsples, or any other fpots or markes therein’, 
ened of it felfe or with fome powder of Lupines, for which purpofe Pliny faith 
that the Women of his time madea kind of fope of it, Calpepper faith,that being _ 
Jaidi in che Water that aiteey oe relieves them when ie are drooping. 

pian MT 

dis ne pode $03) titi 3 Spee is ii tacit 
Sn are eT een et ae 
OF orzo is Majerom a 

Ti is calledin Greek *Opieyaves ae concerning the’ Bey C 
- word there be divers ees Some will have it {o called from “pos 3 
Be hag Fn and'ydvor Gaudium , becaule it joyeth very is | 
= vac aces; others from épav to fee and yevo co cleare, _ 
— (becanfes the’Eyes 5 others ‘Will have ico come from jr7é to be cold; he 
“from whence. aves Which by addir éunto it becomies’epiyavoy but then it 
‘mutt be by peatehrate too, for itis not -cold but hor; © Ic is Milled: (or rather 
firnamed Heracleoticum from Heraclea a Citty of Pontus where is groweth plen- 
tifully) Ovitss becanfe Affes,and Tragoriganum, becaufe Goats are mightily ta- 
aS Ban with i it ; of earn in fhops i Seccond wheat in es Organ io 



| _thorsmke mention of shivers wae se Marae tbaekaincal in 
thefe dayes are fone. 1, Organy or. Baflard Marjerom. 2.. White Orang 
oe Fee greater White Organy. Sug Wild whee athe é 
Se ols fits ofa 1 Laer bei 

‘The Fovme.® ‘eo : 

_Baperd ‘Merheren ier digit divers tabl ronod,reddith panera ‘fe ; 
ing on rou x ots wi arefet ede bckons ers by couples at che | 
being omew oun atid a whitith our e 
’ t; anc re Pa i ster pep t= 
jerom “Hath, lo from whence come = — 
rwards {mall Sel lene ‘Thewhole 


— ~~ theParadile of Plants. 313 

September, betore they put forth their tops or heads in our Country, fo that cheir 
Flowers , or at leatt their Seed,éldome come comaturity With us, 

* pe. 

; The Temperat “rey 5 

~ Allche Sorts of Organies do cut attenuate ot make thin, dry and heat, and that 
in the th.rd degree, as Galen faith; who affumeth that the F ob rs ol more efficacy 
thenche u bird; and the latt spe is gee eae tng ot Bioe ° 

~The Decoaion of orp in White wine is civen ans very g a ‘ceed 
thole which have the Drop/y, the Vertue thereof lying norio much in the purg~ 
ing asin the drying quality of iz. It is given alfo wich Pigs for the fame purpole. 
asalfo tothem that are bur/fen or havea rupture,ind to thoie which: are troubled 
with Convnlfons or Cramps, . The dryed}Herb or juicetaken in Honey- 
ed Water purgeth downwards Melancholy and Choler'ck-humours ithout dan- 
ger. ‘Icis ted with Honey as a Lohoc or uicking Medicine, againit an old: ime 
aaa the Staffing of the Lungs, The Decottion thereot is: <9 

that have the ae or are Sea 

505, or be troubled sich a (qucamilh Stomack: The {ame is good alfofor 
hat are bicten with Serpents or enemous Bealis , and for have ta-: 
ken Hemlock ot Opium : With Syrup of Vinegar itis goodie 
ken Poyion, or the root of, hahaa Ephemerox. “The: juice of: che: greene: 
Best bese ae veel lg 100 Ears eampeaietine 2 Mouch; 

1a1 2 Hon 
athin alebaiakys pit the teeth rubbed often ‘hereto ire 
andfirme. Itis uledin Spaine for the featoning of Axchoves ft To. 
them an excellent rellith , being made up therewith. Tyme maybe uled tor the 
sswhen the begotten » Boch which,with Penniroyal, 
{ er ‘firewed both upon and ynder thoté 
table for thems for. 

316 _. Adam in Eden, Or, = 

CHAP. C Cl. 
Of Dodder. 

doen ewer The Names; 

A i roi ait upon nee bee wad rene th s fo 
thick fomerimes,that it is ready to ftrangle it,which after ses aa ood hold, 
break off at bottom, receiving nourifhment ftill infenfibly from the piaemere. a 

: onit is twilted like unto Ivy, | ae reby partaketh of the nature of the fama 
en ee th, it pu 

ogee of Gall Heads or Baits sed 

| — pei ; “Teper Bi aE Boy 
Tie eisai little "Didier OW “upon Flax or Tinte herein Ealands a, 

which makes me fuppofet chat the De sr of Flax and {fo of Time, which aremot 
inv i A pot s Shops, are from beyond the Seas, foc 

every climate doth noc’ them forth alike. Thofe which have been mot 
objerved inour Land are that of Nettles, which groweth plentifully in Somerfét- 
Shire, and that of Tares or Pabfe i ee fo abundantly in fome 
~ places caatley 3 See ed centiee riper saps sinha * 72 3 

conit groweth’; and therefore Deer of Fax is bovine =a 
he fecone, Del Tie ac ih si 


The Paradife of Plant 4 ’ = 

The Virtues, 


Swimming of the head, Adadneffe, faintings, and the Quartain Ague, Icisvea 
ry effectuall alfo for Hypochondriack, paffions, Sthirrwes or, hardtieffe of the 

them, but more to rhofe that are ftronger, Dodder of Netcles and Broom have 

OF Black, Helebore 
ieee The Names, 
paxas,becanfe too much of it robs the 


purgation, Itis called alfoin Latin 


318 Adam in Eden, Or, 

Fhe Kinds, 
Tothis kind Eight forts may be referred,1, The trne black Hellebore or Chriga, 
amas Flower, 2.) Baitard black Hellebore or Bearestoor, 3, Trefoile Prick\y 
Dy addicanksiags 4. The greater: baftard black Hellebore or Bearsfoor call ed 
allo Seccerwort, 5. Fennel Leafed baftard black Hellebore, 6. The Sreater purging 
Sanicle-likeHellebore; 7. Small purging Sanicle-iike Hellebore, 8, Matthioius 
his baftardblack Heliebore; 3 arr 
oy 36 SBSSE The Forme, e: : 
_ The trneblack Hellebore hath fundry green Leaves tifing from the root,each of — 
chem itanding on a thick round ftiffe green ftalk about an hand bredth high from i 
the gronnd,baving fundry diviiions of cuts in fome many,fome fewer,bluntly,nicke 
edtrom:the middle of the Leaf,tothe pointward on both fides,looking fomewhat _ 
ae: eitebcares of Noble Liverwort at'a diftance, From whence upon fundey Aall ne 
nor much unlike thofe-of the Leaves, do-arife one Flower onely, or at molt bur 
two, oma italksconfifting of ‘five white round large leaves,fomew What liketo.a fine — 
Sle white Rofe, yerfometimes dathed with purple and fomerimes alcozether fy 
wich many pale yellow Thrums in the middle, ftanding about a ereen hea dywhich 
atrer groweth to be the feed veflel wherein is contained tound blackifh Sead 
Theroots are a number of brounith black ftrings, which run deep into the gt 7. 
and.age faltened toa thick head, about the bigueffe of ones Anger 2 ee 


, po saeey cia ‘hat, would prefencly fay 
Naviga ad Anticyram intimating that there was Hellebore enough to puree him, 
of that humour, which by often’ ufe screw intoa Proverbe, It is very rare ; 
mongtt us even in onrGardens,yet T have feen it in the 3arden of the Lord Lan 

Ik er Garden of 
y Of Surrey. The owerh j 

ary ot March,and{o doth 



co eee Paradife of Plants. ig 

the feat of the De 
Cramp, or Convulfionis, painies and aches of the Joynts and Sinews, the Con- 


a: A 


pa cae ” ps a et $¢ me 2* MH , va i aa 
drink Goates milk, ¢ lad, (HS MUK OF aed Cow, yer th 
Extra& thereof being al pag bea fafely and with as 
good if not better fucceffe be given for the difeates forementioned. It is 

ghe'skin,being boyled in Vinegar andbathed cherewith, The Powder put into - 
em, and the root it felf confum 
dead Fleth, wound whereitis. A decoction thereof help- 

the termes exceedingly P Affue, ke 

‘s a4 

En BoP end 

a th ae 

320 Him in Eden Or, 


nifietha finger, which the fruit doth fitly vefembie being crooked: like unto 
bended finger; In Englifh,the Tamarind,and of Pakisifont the fowre po bess, 
-becaufe the fruit is fowre and like the Cod wherein the Kidney Beane groweth, - 
The fruit is-call Tamarindi, in Latine;and aerontieisss Englifh. » 

ba he Forme, 
atthe end, which do dliate and contract themfelves at the. coming and ae 
‘Leaves 5 Face weet ichaters toute tmall white Faire the 

se een 
This Tree is bymoft fuppofed ro grow in India, yer others fy, ic gona 

3n Arabia whence the fruit 1s brought into the Indes ; It continuech 
hgh eer aioe Soe gitestins lowers and) ae fruit,is not cord 

the oe aitenper thereat f Mot the . 
Bs le el 

€ heron of the Reines,. ‘Ibis tof= 
ithe fly end the Sin Seab, Techy 
Iniden bares Te Si ase A 
uftolved in aire Waser : aaa Rae Sugarmixed 
) expelleth hot or burning Agues, and proct- 
nt in Eryfipilas ox Wild-firey Heedng of coed of 

ani LOO ee 

Py. Paradife of 1 Plants. eS |. 

a ee = er ee 

, CHAD. ec iV. | 
OF Spleene-Wort ot “Mik- 
SF an: BOR: 

Conn bathe is yi name, aE whieh it eben ce in Bons Dat ir is sealed 
allo Spleene-wort; Milt-waft, and Scule-ferne, pert, is Gx= 
ed A /plenium filveftresA ie me et Sian na 

7 te Calabrinns Bisneee Rough S 

kind che ft, Smooth Spleea-wore; Brea 
ough Spleex-wort. 3. The fmaller rough’ vip penal 2. Bate ai 
Splecn-wort. 5. Iftand rong Spleen-wart: 6. atet Afwles ae ta 
“The lefler Males age 3, Sony “Fernie 
pe nisi 238 po potee! OT ig 09 

“qwanc bur lictle of afpan long , > Je 
‘middle ribbe , every Cut or a ing a : 
known from the roughsweet er wsiceiat 

a darke Wion, 
at its firft coming 

eth ic 

1 without any great pain, but the ufeé of it in 
women hindéteth Conception, and is therefore. to be avoided by them thar des . 
fire Children, Ifadram of the duft{craped from the Backfide of the Leaves be 

muft not be boyled very long, for then 
‘The diftilled water is eood - 
1e Lye made of the Abed 
pleenetick perfons ; for 

rebate FP 

sites "323 


Ordinary Hearts-T: ongue hath divers AAD «it ifie from the Root, every one 
feverall, which at their iirit {pringing up, are cr umpled and folded, as Spleenwort 
and Fern are at theirs, but aiver: they have ipread themielves ro 
their full proportion , they almoft a foot jong, {moth and grec 
above , but shard. or: with, dittle fap in), see andieftgaked oni! f Te roe! 
patil on borh fides of the middie rib, with frail and-(omewhaga! g 

abe jute bance the, Leaves dfe 2 litriebowedoniexh fe 
the : ¢ lenechy and fomewhae-finalf a 
the reer of ms many mek 7: ities tolded. or: ee eepe tons cheeses iy VA 

i oe 2 % Sirk 381% ide DEAR Sivas fet oot 
"The Places and Tine, vigesta TS! ings’ shenedlO 
< Hh Batt de Me (eel AYA 5s cy SOs 

oe places, aad ra bile Rody vallies imthe Weller 
" see ate in Gardens in every Connstys: by chofé thadhave [des 
light in Phyficall herbs. The fecond gtoweth upon /agle vrough hills, and di- 
vers other mountaines in the North of Ey land, Xc beareti ower, b 


and arid facnlsy, bir whee! it be hot OF 

wn el and thote difagree concerning it. 

The 'Signatwre-acichs BER ried. 21E9R bovniyy 

a8dio likewile te i He frien hard or | Aenea the decod 
g drunk and che herb itielf after it is boyledy laidee t! 
againit the hardneffe. and topping of the Liver, 237 ‘againgt 
itand the Stomack, It is very good likewile co {op lasks and) 
: : > Spitting of bloed, 90 the Termes, and’ all other Fisxes, Poflet, : 
ae ma te Mil whine las ae or fodden in: 

3 Se te 
. ae e 


32.4, er Adam in Eden,Or : 
Of Fern. : 

: The Names. ene 
';- Male kindis caled alters, and aéeiov, Preris and Preriog “i ies ; 

any compoiition, the Leav s chereot being like unto che wings of birds, 
Nicander calleth it Gandeor. anc Banxtov, it is Filix mas in Latine, The 
Female is called in Greek Quavaegis , and wupasam]gis, Thelyperis and 
Nympheapreris, In Latin, Filix Femina; in Engiith Brakeand Common Fern, — 
There is a #bird kind whichis calledin Latin (‘or it had no Greek name) 
Ofmunda Regalis, of the Singular properties therein: ithath other Latin names 
allo as Filicaftrum, Filix florida or flore(cens, Filix paluftris or Aquatica, %c, 
Ic 1s called in Englith, Ofmnnd Ferne, Ofmundwm the Waterman, O/mund Royall, 
and St, Chriftophers hero, SSE Seta aoe 

ca ag age ee Oe ss 
Under the generall appellation of Fers are comprehended thele feven forts 13. ; 
The Common male Fern, 2, The prickly male Ferm, 3. Sweet imeilingFem, 
4. Common Female Fern, 5, Dented Female Fern, 6, Sharp FemaleFem, 
7. Ofmund ox Water Fern, “yan 


ommon Male Fern {endeth forth divers hard rough unbranched ftalkesof 
winged Leaves, naked cowards thebottom fora lice fpace but aterwrcshath 
many Leaves on each iide,up to the tops with one arthe end, nor fu ily oppoiite, 
each of them being deeply nicked on the Edges; of a pa'e green coulor, hardand 
without fap, broadeft at che borcom and fmalie(t cowardsthe Top, It hath no — 

flower, yer Mc, Parkenfon affrmes that it hath feed growing on che back fide 
of the Leaves, in the tormof certain brownith {mail fpots, by che falling of 
which it is increafed,and fo are all other forts of Ferns and Capillary herbs, where- 
by ic appears that they were in an Error which held that it had no feed,n oe 
~ ng, of at leaft noc taking notice of the placein Gemefis,Chap.11,12. There — 
_ hereof is made of many chick black threads, deiceniding trom a brown fealy 


The rif groweth on Heathes and open places of hills, and fometimes is 

long buth of {mall and more 9 cat gr 
are accounted as the Flowerandieed, 

Pera of a hot and cdey coalieh fies allo bitter and fomewnat binding. 
meee FS ions -Etosagh ar | 
tof [ATT AES . - a : L : | ‘ i 
a qoig OG YonISiS The Vertue fogs 1 Se: AAA 

oO. a Fe 
i] iips9°2 

Ee rhe. Roots.of; amy ‘of pice ‘abe annetb eens being briiifed std peikiddn 
_ Meade. or honeyed water, abateth the {welling | and hardnefle of the Spleens-and 
killeth, bork toed and Jong wormes iin cht belly: The green’ ‘Leaves eaten-are 

| ‘id to bellyand moyeit, downwards, perging bork cheli¢k and watery 
_bumor by aatrectcens the Stemack and caulettybarrenne fe i toh Attire ‘ Phe 
eat Lae: brusfed..or. boiled ino Oyle or Hogs-greafe; ch avery good 
oynement,to-heale svawndsy: puntinres, pasha in “any party, Which is good 4ifo- 
againkt breifes, ,and.ftrengthenech chole bones which are ‘either dpoken ot out of 
oynty and; hmucheate sera (eee and Splenerick difexfes, if” ‘the parts 
greived be anointed therewith, efpeci ially thofe of the wager Ferne,whole decotti- 
on maybe taken inwardly for ee lame purpoles, It reftoreth ftrengchtothe _ 
Sinews ; abasket full of the Leaves being boiled in good ftore of Warsesgoe 
pats ac which isaffitied, bathed’ therein,:anid therefo oes 
good ‘or the ,Palff, wihicois.reiolucion of the Sinews, | The powdero the 

Fooruled in fowle Ulcers. maligr i 
gepuled in 7 a prvchet Ricketts Cldreda dpe dank 
y herbs, nese often. It isan Ingredi* © 

peak Ferne inftead of Sopeys it Bt Mid Summer in wend which » 
when er hike ule, ‘hey one anal ie ome blewith, and then Jay ira fide to” 
: : - like: Lime, which will do the deed.“ Is France 2s in 
- Dutchy of a Man, ee -akind,of -a'thick or datk coloured green glaffe, is made~ 

of the rater of. Ferx, satin pwemipinbe ae ae if itbe | i 

to, that ue alieacyy sod? , are 

——— —— - eee — 

Ma : = “- 

= at : os 3 Bast - * 

Oe SES EA “CHAP, CevL 1s een eS sek 

4 % 3 13 2) tt; Sve ay a3 be oa ee Lake 
Hts 390 IW Pe sor OF ( ie apes 
th.43A53 : pSV ye ee + sgt 

iH es ™ é ip 

The Forme, mates 2 : ine 

“Tis called in esas Aub Sod Capivas ulfoan Latin, yein Faeland:. 
@ call them Cappers, Caper, and Capers, according to the Greek and Lain ae 
- which all Nations : follow as neer as their Dialect will | : 
the Interpreter of Theophraftus. calleth it Inturis, and Pliny (eemerh 
was the Cysosbatos of, Diofcorides, which was indeed the baftar 
pholeit Hin Ck > isla es rere five ? 


=. Egyptian C4pers without “toms, 4, Great ae apers 7 Arabia. 556 Bean Cu. 
pers a a | 

‘The Farm, eee: 

The oer i isa nels tho eine oath ies: bee ate : tiling wos 

fralkes, iying round about upon cheground, iunleffe they be Propped up, which 
are fuil ot fharp prickly thornes like hooks as the bramble, at each joyne whereof 
come forth woround Leaves like thofe of Afara Bacea, oppofite ‘one ‘aritolange 
thet. rem whence: Sptingeths alfoa {mall tound: head upona pretty lorig foot 
ftalkke:for the fower,which b cing gathered aloes ene ickled ‘up in isis 
with.great Salty lis the Caper in lcamongt uy buebeing ler alone puteeth forth a 
ae: W ane Leaves; with yrother green onesiasithe huskwhere- 
In dtand, -haying .many yellowéflr thieds, anda long pettie inthe middle, 
slaggeotth to be the fruit, andis; whenieis:ripe; tong and found, ‘Tike any” 
‘Olive or Acorx,y,conteining divers hard browneeds Tike uutito Gr ape-kernels, 
\and wooddy, and covered. with archiok bark oF tind nd whi co 

tt et ereut Sanr ¥ 4 LoSsgis Hire 4 "i919 : ; 

dee. sd Fy ati t u 2 x ne j 
’ ae # i ere oe fee ets me 
Pees Sues q The. crs: Bt VTS WE 115253 fi ae 
~ aria orsdage ott dysit on idl sii ap isenicn, = Seema | 2 

a ‘The two Ag 9 9 erow yin Italy, Spaine ane! forme deta Pah ‘ichioue! bles 
sing; but chat,with pointed Leaves isnorifo frequent astheother: ‘The ik 
growerh in Egypr. as.the title declareth, the! fourthoin ‘eArabia;the fifth inthe 
Low Countries. The ftalkes. of the two firtt perifh' every Winter, fhooting orth 

ney: wiaraihes anclL-eaxgsiin tbe Springs and Fiowsine fiiortly* after, but rheir‘titic 
. = the-orh owohaverie fame titties of flowrisie and 

veS, 1% tort cama ones er] 

a dye 



; 2 “0 fs entre. iy The Caginles H : aa ee. oO ~ otis ays alles 

‘The cigee the rast, of Caer confifteth hi shel ws 
-extream bicter, nex Parenter: 3 j bythe bir 
and cucteth ; by the tharp chycnte * rand: dig 
Sowerneffe j it comeaene iekaee and pindeth, The Cape 
at and of thin parts. i a oe 
Kai etiee aceahiniom Pwaneae 5 18 5 snob. Wise cle De 

~ who! = skil lin P. babel ee infecior ‘to jnone, Gaith; the bake of che 
| Roors of Capers, is 2 Medicine above all others available for the hardnege of the 
Spleca, whether it be appiyed outwardly of: ir {el yor mixed with other things 
anoint the place, or the redts. boyledj in -gar or Oxymel and taken in- 

<< wardly’y. orthe powder of the root mixedwich thefaid Decodtica and cae: 

it 18 Ceftaine ane it purgeth graffeand Stimy humors, not onely by Urine bot : 
Stool a\{o;and many times it bringeth away with it congealed & corrupted blood, 
BGT by atvethdeuth exits c0't! ts fe that aretroubled with’ the ove a 

- : “the Ricke kets, J ‘ 27 sloaie MS ¢ ek ‘ 
Sick ey, giver ee Thetaid Roots hie Oyl 
Eaves, eafeth the paines; ard killerh the Wormes breeding in then 
her beige v iafed from oa nevar and fo : 
nd }V edicine; ferihey: caw ~ 

the Paradife of ‘Plants. 237 
Milt, and confume cold Phlegme i in the Stemsack , being boiled i in 1 Vinegar, they 
help the Tosth-ach , atid fo doth the dryed Bark of the Root , which deco@ion 
ferverh alfo to clenfe all manner of filth of the skin, all filrhy fores and white (curfe 
end hard-fwellings. The Oyle that is made of Capers isof very good ule avaintt 
the paines of the fides and Spleene, again(? Hypocondriack, Melancholy, the Ri chet; “ 

&c : the afflicted part being bathed therewith by a good fire,- The three /ast forts 4 
are of very little or no ule 2 among us, . 

Sa neeeeenenee 

Of the T amarifke-T ree. t 

su aoe The Names, 

Tis eatled i in Greek javpixa from udProg fienifying wd , ftom ene "i mg | 
dance of tittle Leaves wherewith itis adorned, 1 In Latine alfo Dtyrica and 
Tamarix , but of divers Tamarifts 5 which cometh om the Hebrei wor 
Tamarik. Ggnifieth Abjter fio, quia magwans he ndvins Traber 
n clenfing, ee Qe 4 Ae 
gi lo ao “The Kinds 

mart? eteanmse 
J Pa bat 2) 

eee fhere were eer two forts of Tanear infke known , one gteat and 
“ beatin Galles, the other fmall and bearing none; but now there are five forts 
found out , which belong to this. kind, 1, The French ot finer leafed Tana. 
rifk, 2. The Germaine ot broadet Leafed Tamarife: 3. White ret, 
3. m2 arian Ti Mihai Galles; 5. bps do 2 | 

_ The Forme, 

The Fréeth 8 or finer hexfed Tamarifk; which Itake te cha . owe 
toft ordinarily in England  attaineth nor'to any great bigneffe Cou itry 
3 — in others it is faid to have the bienefle of agreat ance aides call ¥ Wie 
{preading flender ranches, whofe Bark i is fomewhat thick and rugged, of. 
teddith colour; the younger fhoores being reddith at the firft, then ateaie 
| ards, and blackifh when they are dry, but the Leaves as leng as the’ y begrowing 
are of awhitifh green colour crifped as it were, fomwhat like unto Heath but 
finer and fmaller : The flowers grow {pike fafhion being purplith at the firft, but, 
white when they are blown open , confifting of five Leaves a peece , ‘i 
into Cee amie in them , > and fallech away as tha 

and Poplar doth, | 
= The Places and Time 

The fr 3 sroineth by the Rivers fides, and in other moitt and eeetily pl 
ata in ‘Narbone,and abont Mompelier i in Francé,but in divers parts 
wo The fecoad growethin Germany, as well unto the River 5 
about that of Danubins , yet not without fo: ren 
¢ Garden of one Mr.Ward at his houfe at Beram i in ie x.The 

Se ee ae ein 


ae witht 

where: in Englifh 
~ Jedxpioy in Greek and CUCTINTE 1D | 
which firft found out the vertues oft; in Englifh Tree German 

328 Adam in Eden, Or, 

The Temperature, at ag 

ane ——_ of the Hemorrhodiall Veines , and other Fluxes, the Jaund fe, andall 3 

| The faid Decoétion is alfo good to wath thofe that are fubje& to. Wits and Liee, . 
and being mixed wich a little honey , ir is effectual to fay Gangrens aaj 

we erc fhouldconfancly drink out of Cannes, Pigs 


eins or Cups made thereof, they would findit effectual for their Difeafe. Fhe 

calding of fireor water. The eA gyptians ule the Wood hereof to cure the _ % 
Erench difeafe,, Leprofy, Scabs, pufhes, Ulcers , andthe like , It is available alioto 

fo or Adelenchaly andthe black fonndife chat arfeth thereol,elpecialy he Back 
he Barks of Afh and Ivy infuled in Beere or Ale, and drunk.Some in calesof 
y ule Heath or Ling infteed of Tamarifk. ee 

r - F. 
po ae ” ae x. 

ie : ee , ulalae 
HF 2 Se me te pe 
e Pins se aa Te al argon 

ae OF Germander. 
oa. ee 

led in Greek xeualdut Chamedrys, which in Englith is as much 28 

he Leaves 0! it being fomwhar like to thole of the great Oake 
oe Be 3d 5 and of fome OQverculsminor , ‘yes eres 
frequent then either of them in fhops orelle- 
or Englifh Treacle. Tree Germander is called 
Laine, 4 Teacre inventor from one Teaéer 
der , and mpright 


7 i ea ee coe . : be Z 
, s 
i, - - 8 


" / - . 

we Aba F885 
geese tea 

en Paradife of Plants = 32g 

The Kides, 

Of both thele kinds Ge: may reckon Eighteen forts, 1. Thebceineicerban 
der: 2, Great Germander, 3, Germander, of Naples: 4) Jagoed’ Germander 
of with fine cut Leaves: 5: Thorny Germander of Candy, 6, Mountaine Ger 
mander, 7. Rock Germander, 8; The greater Baftatd Germander. 9) ‘The 
{malier Battard Germander. 10. The leatt Baftard Germander. nu. Common. 
Wild Germander, 12, Narrow Leafed wild Germander; 13; Jagged bale - 
Germander of -Aaftria: 14, Wild Spanifh Germander with fine cut Leaves. 
15... The more: common Tree Germander, 16. Tree-Germander of C, 
~ Fie Tree-Germander of Spaine, 18. Unlavory-Tree Gime of the Alpes, © 

a a The Egle <n 

Comin eS ae fhooceth forth very many relict: lying on the spools 
which are tough, hard and wooddy,{preading themfelves here andthere ; where- 
upon are pl laced {mall Leaves, {nipt about the edgés' pie the teeth of a aSaw 5 #e and 
therefore of fome called Serratula, though improperly, refembling th a , e of 
an Oaken Leafe, as Ifaid before: The flewers are ofa urple col er - 

| of the branches. These dis Teele? 

ftanding clofe to the Leaves “towards: the top of the branche : 
and black , the r root flender_ un dfull of firings by f themfelves cet 

“great way re nd about ry canle it to be very plentiful! in a fhort {pace whiere ie 
ae , The Places and Time; me 

ye wy 

_— cially the hardneffe thereof, by taking the Déco&tion of the 

To fet aaah the places of all the forts abovenamed would is to Little pipe’ 
feeing that none of chem grow naturallyin Exgland {aye the latest Toke ica 
grow eth almost every where:I fhall therefore referze you to the Gardens of thofe er 
chat delight in Varieties of this Nature , where it is probable you soho | tg 
a asa Some of them flower in June and Fuly, gate seme i | 

The Temperature: Rete ae: 

~< Germander is het and atl almoft i in ‘the third degree of thin parts 5 ) ad | 
iota 3 é 
TheVine ae ae ae en ee 

AM thefe ties of Getaudet s we i the Wildés iol tk shat grow inCakiens > eee 
atid the Tree-Germander, as the other, either greene or dry, ufed inwardly or ap= 
plyéd ontwardly are of great efficacy to ) hel pe the < of the Spleene, € efpe- 

it not only procureth Urine to thofe that can hardly take Water, but helpeth oe 
~ thofealfo that are failing into a Dropfy sificbérzkenintime, Itisgood alloa~< 
_ gainit the D.feafes of the Braine, as paines ofthe Head, Hares Sckeelf 
choly, Lethargy, Palfy, Gout, and for thofe that are /optifh chrough 
théir Spirits; Adtamme ot the feed taken in Powder doth p 
rine, and is thereby good for the yellow-Faundife, andto kill ironies 
| hetops of them when they arein flower, fteeped a day and a 
uht of White Wine, anddrunkin the Morning. It is com 
tague and Peftilence, asalfo againtt againit Poyfom and again{t 4 
it cureth beth Tertian and Quarsaine Agnes -alfo 
~~ thereof betaken for fome dayes together. “Irbring 
to expell the Dead-Child, and taken with Vineg 
“Honey, and it is good for Sse It is effect 



330 Adam in ¥den, Or, 
whe flinging of Venemous Creatures being bruifed and applyed: uled with Hi 

Ir ee old and foule Ulcers ; and the juice iiinad wich Honey, ahd bis, 
the Eyes taketh away their dimneffe , and moiffnefé , the juice alfo dropped into 
the Bares, killech Wormes therein, The deco¢tion ther8of ftayeth the Whites ing 
Women, ifthey firina great quantity thereof, while it is warme, and {o it ealedh 
the paffions of the Adother, Being boiledin Vinegar, and applyed to the Soa 
mack with a Ittle Leayen, it ftayeth Vomirings, that rife hot from hor caules, The 
Leaves of Germander with the leeds of Nigella quiltedina Cap. and worhe on 
the heads of rhole that are troubled with Catarrhes or diftiilations of cold raw 
and thin Rheume helpeth them : Being boiled in Lye with Lupines, and thé 
Head wafhed therewith, it taketh away the Dandraffe or Scurfe thereof ; Gainpé 
ed and applyed to drwi/es, it helpeth them {peedily, 33 

eee ee 
; uti eon BOM AP, CCK, 
OF Calamint. 

on =e The Names 

—— a > 

T is calledin Greek xadauivon Calamsinthe, guafi bona and utils Mentha,of its ‘ 

: I ~~ 
: Hpotnecai 

tam montanum, , Yeis called in Englith,Calamint, Manotaine Mint, and Moun 

—- Common Calamint sis an herb feldome rifingabove a foot high, iio eS 

fucceedfmall round blackifh feeds: The root is {mall and wooddy , with divets 
final fprigs fpreading within the ground, which abideth many yeares, 4 

ake nor both which broughe into Gardens profper Very. 
on certaine Hills in Lembardy, and in (undry places 
ed: Th fourth crew f feed that was fent from 

_ Candy: The laff croweth in divers places of our own Land , and particularly by 

the oher fide che high-way, They all fewerin July, thefeed ripening quick- 

_ The Latines keeps the name Calamintha, 
Amintha, Calamintum, and {omtimes Calamen~ 

Heds fide, at the foot of Shoorover-Hill, over againtt Sr. Henry Bathes picture, 

ee € 

: which through the heat ofthe Weather hath got a t 

nd apsidnamnai men 

pe gern 8 Paradileof Plants. ra 

The Tompeapirt, 

-o[Galamina isbor and ary alot in the third destee, of Sf dfetce bit ingtatt, and 
pi arama me aw ray thin ‘nimors 4 and Pe TR A aS +e 
ON ‘yalo@ b psizot Suige < Phe verti. apse gle vi a 3 

7 pk aa 5%. <f YG YOR 0% pe 3 
=e Vertues which Diofcorides the Py ee tine tha Se alits 
P laulet are thefé: the Decoétion thereof drunk, brin geth down Womens 
Courfes, and provoketh Urine; Itispr ratble to thole as: i 

thole which are oot with C phd fons ees a tneffe of eee 
ehpand Stem. protéedine”’ om: er € yellow fan- 
halle andttayetl»Vomuring, ed tpl By , Ne aed Ho- 
ney.. Ichelpeth thoferhat have the Ze ay’; iFit be takeli inwardly and i Whey 
drunk aftenics, The Leaves Rariiped anda apptjed With Wool! as a Pentary to the 
rivy: parts of a oman doldraw down the Coar/es, and eale paines of: the CAorher, 
utit mufhbe avoided by thole which ate with Child: fori ekilleth the birth, - It 
driveth Venemous Creauites of all forts out eae tooines, wheremicis eith 


Sears. io besa ssl slo pate ied oe eh aia WHE She 
plyed, or the be place wal > the “Huckle- 
bo wan paine of the 

* “Befides which Vertues , tg Rae of later 

times ine found out,that ir not only openeth the Obftructions of the Spleene and 

Liver, bit alforthar it is‘of eréat validity to cure the hardne, fe ofthe. Ry leene t 
Decostion of the Herb, the Powder eatled Didealdmsinghes or Fea LDS 

vupe of Calamint being ufeds™ It is'alfo ve y profi able fe the e that ate fe tre 
with the overflowin 

g of the Gall, the’ Piha Ague,and ofd | Cough. TH : 
Ho» fwives Sie eke, to icy onctinee rec eT oa = 
er, when it is fubjedbto fFinking., and py gave aad 

Englith call inking cragect eS cr pur h nes 

mongtti it. 

And of thefe Poleys, ithere be reckoned nine forts,. 4,. Out ordin ce 
' ‘Yey Mountaine. 2. “Small Spanih igi ight Poley. pce teapot | 
she Mountaine, 4. Sit A pale pia! Mountaine, "5. The fimiallett 

ae ae F + pees | a : 
cy aie tS f faye E y Ly 535¢) por ow | “ae Vers 68 | = BS) ats “aNy, : 
ee ty oy: ry tinge £ mii * eae i *s e 2 
Bax: : a The Farm, eae (i253 YORU bok t ma ‘5 ; 

| “ at A, 3 
SHE > is qed ST G ets sigivs vas 3a Bh 2 

ley. ast The ul finn daite Pole. : aes Abie sont se 

by Pu owning is Tina Fo Plan havin oe ori 
ry. ro yard br useage int high, whereon, aredet died long and a 
Bie te, deme 

Sea Bone she cdeesy apart 

vhereot tonh whit tith.o1 

many {mallpale Colouted flowers , and in in fome. Tae 
hoary ane the lads {mall fe bl ackifh, some i Bar iat yon vo ee 
Land, and therefore we flip the branches, », which being -ferwiil orow ‘very om 
“as often as we delire to increaie its oa whole planet {melleth, {weer pris 

Bata MAL. r ° .aoiftoas oc? datyz hoditey samigeed 

ie) Ly A Dias! t sige 
fer, w a youn may find divers of bee They do moft of i and , 
tol ara fome eee others. a 4 ¥ND SLI TO 

ESAphe cls al 

only be kad ia in the feilds, nor in veg 

den, y gt cate no great expence, Iris ver 
ALECTL ions, efpecially the Spleene r 
: ever v me, itis.qualified, it } . 1g 
_ the ns} ~ Neither doth ir only een 
the f he Sr helpeth all other difeafes thereof, or proceeding. 
- from it, as the fwelling thereof, the Janndife and the Dropfy , being boiled in Vir 
egar and Womens the Decoétion thereof drunk. Ic is alfoe of wonderfull 
fncacy to r¢/ift Poyfon, and therefore i is alwaies putinto Afithridase., Tr 
nd {wtidites or Connie mipeiicay and to help thofe that are. E 
is wa. t 
thereof Den 
ig eciesploce 

Aeeiunds if ic ee applye . dtothem greene; and dry irhealeth grievor 
or Ulcers,>nd this the lefler kind doh belt perfociee eect that aliowhich — 
in Mithridate, Venice Treacle, and the like: Norwithftanding all thele 

alities ee sroublech the Stomack and caufeth fome paines nthe saB 

the Paadite of Plants, 


Of Lupinesi 
The Names; 

T is calledin Greek Sigues, Thermos, in Latine Lupinss, Plantsss called Lu-. 

pinus euriam Comicum, becaule in his time they were: ufed inflead of’ 

money,in {uch Comedies .as had any fhew of payment in any Scene there+ 

of, ae: that they were not led for, Currant pansy upon other: aecaliy 

ons, may be gathered trom that Verfe of Horace... 
Nec tamen ignorent, quid difpant ara 

_ Which theweth that Cotnters and @ounterfeit monies, “were eafily tobe dite, 

ed from true and Currant Coyne;.~In Englith, they are ufwally called. 

jpop after the Latin Name, yet fome call <a Fig-beanes after the Dutch 

name, becaufe they are fat andround asa Fig thacis preffed ; and others, Flags 

beans for thé fame reafon. , Some have called the yellow Lupine coeruen 
and other foolifh hames have been given iy ass gait Relivn sd as 

i Fe ¥¢ 7 TGC ye OH ve 
ied She re . + " - 
> Ta he 2: ut IT fettt ei i E a 
‘ oe eee a *, : ’ “ 
Me ae i a I ohit i Lt “fis en 

¢ leffer blew tie Teimalet ere 

th dete as a 

“a arden en Lupine. rifech upwith a great round fiak, bo and 
conenlar nee wich divers branches, w hereon growempon long: Foo 
many, broad Fooccrizeact into five, fever, or Nine parts or { 
equally Randing roundabout, asit, wereina Circle; of ‘awhitith green colout 
on the upper fide, sod mer pool underneath: the Flowers ftand many toge< 
thes. at Aeterall Jor oth of she grees fils and the branches like unto - 
Beanes, and of a our in fome places, andin others of a very bleak 
fe eee afer the flowers, are paft there come in their. places 
long, broadand lat reughCods, wherein are Fine sina re nS. 

The Places and Pion 

~All the fores above aia do grow in h¢ Gardensof thofethat are curious - 
it was anciently cherilhed for food, the ier upine. ram 
r aoe a che ees eee a 

— Sento - 

434 : ddan in Eden Or, . 


SS = 

The Temperature, 

Lupines by rea‘on of their bitrernie (le, do | opeT 5 d'veft, d folve, and seats bur | 

being tteeped tome dayes in water they-Jo’e their Bircerncie. 

The Sigwatwre and Verrues, 

hee 3 i 

«The Lapimeis {aid by Crollins to have the Sicnaturé’of the Spleen and there- 5 

foréchedecoston therefore 1s shen abie tor thole thie are 5 plenctick, to wins 

Soca ss fev 

a _Iealfo fo cleantech the face and taketh: awa’ 

ade into the ‘form of 8 

Morphew, A ANCES, 
iledin Tei’ pacar 

mail and -all- other markés riled g 
the Méale: ‘of ‘Lupines, the Gall of a 

foft oyntment, and the face anointed aed 4 going to bed, as many women — 

Rnow verywell, The faid Meale'being ‘boiled in ‘ne i and applyed, raketh 
san bom : ie 

away pimples, and difcuffeth hard fwellings breakerh Ca 
Sages tae husks, driveth avy ver phe 


se Suctincddamene  thofe ‘plants which are od for the one; 

tte good for the other, and becaufe e the Straxgury and es 
ine of vee a the in males a Of thefé parts, and fomerimes sy 
on of thefe OC tah gt tharis ;the Difficalt) 
ater, foe: ive ei Henin Rae tor ime ‘Spome Ca 

a exotic of them, sa ne 
»perly referred rothem, Ps alvo forthe | 

nage Caan 

es the Paradife of Plants. 

<<< , 
poise OF Afparagus. 

T is called in Greek dsmdguryos 5 Afpargus, and according to the Atticks 

Al ecodgaryes Af pharagus, yetbyics Etymology which iseither guiaex afperis 
vir gueris Ligitur as Varro, ot quodin Afpera vitgulta nafcitur, as ‘Pompeins thé 
rdammarian would have it, ix eemeth t6 have its originall frond the Latin, 
which many other Piancs have, being afterwards made Greek by fome’ of the 
Later writers in that Language, Galen faiths that the fifit budding of any herb 
that wasted tobe éaren aiter it ‘prung trom the feed, was called Afparagus, as 
<n Cabbage; Lettice, *e."\“Birt that being moft ulually eacen ac chacttime, hath 

the name peculiarly to it (elf, Ic is called alto opuiveev, in Greek do Te Spudy , 
Comer provoketh tuft : atids Corruda in Latin, from Cerr#e becaule it quickly 


decyayeth after it is ripe’; and Sperage .A/parages, and Sparagus in Englith, 

‘ ta? " fi leona see ef ee rt oe 
te 436) co stoft booy vibe Rede or 
5 ee : m % a a 
ant te erie tst ease: aad & , 2% f j Sr eo: Re 
sh ito ie Pe chat pa. 
; i e.%3 wae. : 
2, Seaorwild 4f- 

agus, t. Garden Afparagns, 2, Sea 
saves, 3. Wild Afparagus with fharp Leaves, 4. Prick- — 
ifparagus with cruel fharp chores, — 


d f 

Lace ee? + bey ’ 

~ The, Forme; 

Garden Sparagas riferly up-at the firft, with divers whitiflrgreen fcaly heads, ~ 
very brittle or eae to breake while they are young, which atterward rife up in- 
to very long and flender green Stalks, {ome bigger and {ome lefier, according to 
the grow the Roots, andthe fertility of the ground wherein it is planted, 
but common!y of the bigneffe of an ordinary riding Wand at the bottome, and 
as high asaman almoit ; on which ate fer divers branches of green YES 
fhorter and {maller then Fenneito the top; at the Joynts whereof come 
forth,{mail mofly zeLows{h flowetss which turn into round berries green at the firlt , 
and of an excellent red colour like unto beads of Coral!,when they are ripe ; 
wherein are contained black, feeds of an exceeding hardnefle. The roots are 
diperfed from a fpongious head into many long chick and round firings, where- 
by ae es keth much nourifhment out of the ground and fendeth forth many heads 

ori Sto hS Git iF 
fag ho wiakk 

frp growet 
he feco 

a i te aa. 

335. |  Adaminbiden,Ors) 

The Temperature, 

The root of Garden Sparagus asalfoof the wild, do cleanfe without any 
manifeft heat or dryneffe, a aN. . 
Res The Signature andVertues, 

The buds, branches, or Roots,of Afparagus,e(pecially of the wild, being boiled 
in Wine do provoke “rine being ftopped, yea even in thole whichate- tronbia 
wich an hardnefle or Difficalty 10 make water, or the Strangury when it ca 
by Drops, and to expeil gravell and che ffone, outof the Kidnyes, which it de 
by the Signature, which the hardneffe of the feed holdeth forth sand helt 
all other paines in the Reines and Back, being taken inwardly, or the Back and 
the Belly bathed cherewith, Being boiled in White Wine or Vinegar, itis - 
good 2% thole oa sf theie Arseries, loofned , or ate troubled with 
the Hip-gout , Ow-Jaundile , Falling-Sickweffe, the Mother , dime 
_ of fight sand the Tooth-ach, st ic be gargled ns dee on He atte, ~ The ‘ened . 
_ healech the paines ofthe breaf, Stomack and bowells, and taken every morning 
fafting for certain days together, it {tirreth up bodily tuff, both in Man & Woman 
The feed is held to be very effectuall alfo for the purpofes atorefaid,efpecially ifa 
good quantity of the Rootes, and ir,be boiled in good ftore of Water, and putin. 
- toa large veflell where a man may ftand or fit upto the middle at leaft, forfoir 
hath beene found effectuall againti the paines of the Re:es,and Bladder , the Bf- 
ther and Cholick., and generally againft all tho‘e grievous torments that epee 
to the lower parts of the body, neither is it lefle etfeStuall to fupple, fife andbe- 
nummed finewes, or thofe that are fhrunk by Cramps or Convulfions, and to helpe 
the Sciatica, Thefirft fhootes or heads of Afparagws are a Saller of as muche- 
fteeme Etat, be of te ) as wen whatfoever, being boiled tenderas 
they will quickly be, andeaten wich butter, Vineger and Pepper, or Oyleand 
Vanea-sjanstis COME clietlcnon hcceer they | tee — ae 

ba 68D 8 By cre A ania hd Tg tot tag “a cs 

Of Pafiey ae 
: [FSS eis cect 

ae st 
ty yah ae 
=) woe mat 

Epithite being added co ive it a {pecificall difference from the other kinds, 

_all which are cc led under the generall title of Selinon or Apna 
~_ bochin the Greek and Latine , yet becanfe this kind is of greareftand more 
mili tatu: yofthe reft, it is focalled, asalfo Parfleyin Englith : but 

1, Common Garden Parfly, 2, Curled Parfly, -2, Virginia Parily, 4. Cane 
_ & Scone Parily. Se age 


ae be Paradife of Plants. a7 

The F. are 

Common Garden Parfly is fo well known, that I need not defcribe ir » bute thar 
itis athing of Courfe foro do; Ic hath many ftalkes of freth greene Leaves di- 
vided into fundry parts ; firft into three parts or Leaves, andthen each of chem 
into three , fomwhat round, and finely {nipt about the edges ; the flalke is about 
a Cubic high, flender 5 ‘and fomwhat chamtered, at the top whereof the flowers 
growing in white umbells do prefent themfelves , after which cometh the feed 
which is {mall and of a hot and fharp raft, the roor is white and long, and well 
fcented with fomwhat a rugged bark perifhing after feed time, 

ThePlaces and Time. 

__ Thefe do all. grow in Gardens only in our Land, and indeed that is not worthy 
the name of a Garden, thar is without che common fort,which sroweth naturally 
in. Germany as Fuchfius writeth ; the fecond is of the Ifland of: Sardis; the chird © 
came trom Virginia, as its name denoteth ; the lattfromCandy, It may be iow- 
edearly, for it is long in coming up, which ferveth the Kitchin efpecially the firit 
yeare,and the next runneth up co /eedperfecting it in Augu/t, but chat of the laft 
is ripe fooner. pace es eee a aT 

Parfly is hot and dry in the fecond deore: , the feed is hot inthe fecond degtee 
Peis: alimoft in i third, the root ait of a moderate heat. 

328 Miaka or 

Wine calli the paines thereof. The difilled Water of the herb ts ; miley ufed by 
~ Nurfes, which they give their Children for the Frets,that is againit Wind or oi 
ing in their bellies er Stomacks, 



Of Marb-M. allowes. 

The Names. 

T is cailedin Greek ’AMfase Althea, quafi Medi ca Latin ine dici post ) of the 
healing and remedying many difeales trom éaSaivew which fignies co heale or 
eure,as alfo iBieues and ePionos Ibifcus and Ebifcus , and iicnos Hibifews with 
: . thealpi ration : it is called alfoin Latine Althea and Hibifcus, Ariftalthea , and 
‘Bia , becaufeit istwice as goodin effect as the other forts are : in Enelith, 
Mallow, and Moori(h Mallow, becaule i ae gtowes in Marfles aa Moores; , 
ae White Mallow from the colour of the Leaves. | 


The Kinds, 4d uri 1X9 . 

Ofthis kind of Malowes eheies be tez forts. . 1. Common Marfh Mallowes, 
ae aa of sages, 3. The ftrange Rofe Marfh-Mallow, _7.Ever 
Piti- iva oF cS. Yellow Marfh=Mallowes. 6. Camerarin#s his - 
a Marfh-M wi some 5 Te Ma Mal 8. Shrub 
Mal! ich a ‘white or purple SOWET Oe " Tree Marfh-Mallow of Frances — 
20. Shrub Marfh-Mallow of Candy D5 ieee ‘e 

Cee ee eet gees 35 iee. atts dete 4 
~ beim oe aia ; 2] . £5 “The Forms 

eee diver foft het tie Bai kes ! f ig tot 

- liant , toue 2 | pe 
clout ti ce, brewer iin “Mel 

ie eA, “3! 43 43 fast Tt Fefi 

F Neti Places tad Tim. ahr OhD 

amo db c a 
eorlcnnaa oe 
er slg the title: ah en 
sien pice - 


RO I - 

The Eesiieef er _ 339 

The Témperat =e 
M irjh- Mallows are moderiety be: bar eff ot feesnd Jezree, being 
endued aifo with acmotlt'ying 6r fofter BA fe routs and feeds, are 

more ary ang ct shinner paris. 
The Virtndsz 

» For fexr Bom toreiare =e ee are TES 5 
often ule by coo mudh-cicnsnor heat;caute any kxvoriacion or other 
Analy Of.the pasts as they paiie: a:ong, as pollibiy:they may, and: fo likewife dis 
vers.that follow, } wouiddanre-thoe thacdaall be afflicted wich. any of thefe 
‘diledles, to.take-nocice-chae Marth: ananassae ivsious juyce’ where- 
with they abound,. are of excellentule tocremedy the: Exzoréations or fret 
in.thote o: any ocher parts, asthe Gutts, Rermes; Bladder Yard Ores» Neither’ 
this the one!y excellemcy thacit hath in this calesbucic is €ftectaall as any :what- 
foever for the Stone : for it openeth the {traight t paflagesand maketh them {fli 
ry; whereby ijmay defcend eafily our of the’Reines and Bladder, and to eafe the 
torturing pain coming thereby: che Decoétion or the Sycupe the ereof Deine “a 

en, which 1s. 200d. se for the gripings of ‘belly.the Difes/es c 
daengs. as Conghes, 2 Homcnipeiertivaae ind Voice, Plex 

— ar pt Se ttencears. The roots boiled i in pr e gddd* fot - 
fuch as have failen, and bruifed themfelves, and for thofe that hay- any bone or 
member ont of Foynt and for {uch as have arty: j>welling pais,or ache in the Afufeles, 
Sinews, or Arteries of the Body, and cures {uch as are feds with Bees or the like : 
deed intied water is good tor the oes urp . pone OTS. 

seigtaii noe paines in any peace Body 
sae with: ibe pera sed ee 

lourings The 
b-ach, ane aid ¢o w 
hs Teeth | even ves. 


znd rs 0 OF Goates 7 borne. 


The Names, 

mf . is.called ae ‘Tpelinavbe T; ragacanths; from the fharp fotm of the bith, 
awhole thornes as ic growethdo reprefent aGoates beard, It may be called 

in Latin Spina: Hires, butvit is known better bythe name of Tragacantha’, 
heats given to the Gum which is gathered from the toors being cite 
or-broken in cheheat of Sumimer,:svThe Apothecaries call it Gumnoi Tragacans - 
the, in Latin ; and» ‘Gum Dragant in Englifh. ~There is a kind hereof ‘called 
orkpior in Greek, becaufe it joyes in places where wateris, and revpae, becanle 
pions ype mere rine Siveis, 27 oh 
i oor ha f Sets © The Kindsy *: . : : 2 MA 

ag 2 hath made five forse. of Goates Throne, at Limpinella Spine 
or, Thorny Burnet for, one which-.doth not propetly belong to this kind, and 
therefore I fhall.fec. down but four, 1. The true Goates-thorn, 2. Poterion, of 

‘he {m roars Tree 3 is Ths w asliow ties Sone Ae Purple * 

iar eS 

~The Sy i eae pee ih mith 0 33 
Femmes notmuch abovea. cubit er two-toot high, upc into hp 

covered with st with divers long white eine aebhel | 

‘ owamangt wiih ewp des sun wach bg al long,and round,ike 

- wnte alittle Wing sue Ben cueseetiniione: another onezch fide ofa idler | 

Sener ai cee Wineet, yer tallingoft re Saha se ng doth bri | 

Ones. . nA SO EDS mongft ‘AVES Co the. 
which a: of a whitifh yellow colour uoned fomewh: Tike tinco the Flowers 
ofa’ t uptight white Cods wherein are con- 

ofa Trefoile, ahep.wuich- coms fall 

»whitifh: cornered feed, The reer is véry great andlong, fpreading 
cha in the. ground,’ aihigh being broken or wounded with fome Irot 
“yeild ha gertin lion D the!heae of the fun is prefenely cummed 

hy hite gx g up i felPinto {mall crooked 

» hoat  aighit cote Blaees at Fae 910720 ns ame 
net cheriliggs omit Candy and about «Mer eles, and Mompeliet in 

Frididiche cw0 ine: in Sree ikaw, hea ec: make ufe of, isto 

be had at every Apothecaries fhop. In cheir naturall places maths flower and feed 

an thes ee g of _ceraagiag but wich us they do neither, —— | 
Gam dat a Ep of che oline whic is eo ee 

‘and, hath an Emplattick or daubing quality reafon whereof ir dulleth of 
shih apace! he banory data a fomiewhacdrye 


The Vertnes, 

Befides March Mallows, che Gumme of Lhe Goates thorne called Tragacanshe 
or GumDragagantis alfo good againft the ‘retting of the Hrine,either iin Reines or 
Bladder or any other of thofe cléanfing Medicines, which are given co provoke 
it; adam thereof being diffolved 1 {weet wine and drink, e¢pecia:'y 
if fome Harts-horme byrnt and wafhed; and a little of the “heit 
cAllom be mixed therewith , and fo it is available for the growing 
panes in the Guts and bowels alia,” cis likewife when ic is diflolved often mix- 
ed with pefforall Syrupes honey,or juyce of Liquorith co help the Cough or Hoar- 
he[fe in the Throat, fait and fharp diftillations upon the Exigs, beitgtakén as an 

Eledtaaty, or put utiderthetongne geritlyto ditill down, atid 16 icrakerty away 
the rongbuefPok theron, which happehech iti many difeaes. Thetid Gaw 
is alfo ufedin Medicit 

Medicines for the Eyes, ro allay the heac awd fharphefle’ of hoe 
rheumes falling into them ; ‘and being mingl:d with milk, ic taketh, away whire 
fpots growing in the black of the Eyes, the itching alio of them, and wheales and 
‘feabs that grow upon the Eye-Lids. Being fomewhiac rorrefied or dryed at the fire; 
atid mixed wich rhe juce or Wine of Quinces, and ufedin'a Grifter it is good a+ 
gaint the bloody Flix ; Being boyled ind Wine with Srechads and drunk, it warmt- 
eth and cleanfeth the brea(t and Stomack & bowels being afflicted with amy cold; 
the Cholick,the ftoppiniy of the Milt atid Urine. Ic cleanferh the face and maketh it 
white if it be fteepéd a night in Ro’ waret, and in the morning, alitele Boracé 
ot Champhire be put therero, and the fice be wafhed therewith, — Itis very 
effe&tuall for the fores and chaps of the Afowsh, Lips and Hands, and alfo for 
Ulcers in any part being diflolved in Role warer, {trained, fome white {tarch 
mixed therewith, andthe place annoinied ; the Muccilage mixed with Honey 
dorti the fame, and is gdod for the Leprofy.’ The powder of ic,is profitable for 
thofe that have broken « veine or ace troubled with the Cramp; if ir be taken in 
broth; Befides thefe Phyficall ufes it ferveth to make artificial beads of which 
Braclerts are compoied, and it is ufed many cimes asa kind of Starch ot Glew 
co bind or ftiffen things withall, and to make Gentlewomens haire lye in order. 

The roots of the Porerion boyled in Wine arid drunk are profitable againft the. 

poyfon of the red Toad, arid being made ina Pulcis and apres to any of 
the Nerves or Sinews that are woutided, cut, or hurt, doth heale chem atd fo 1er 
them: together, are alfoall other kinds Of Wounds and Cutts ; the {aid decoStion 
of the Roots in Wine a alfo effectuall for the (aid purpofes to be drunk and for 
inward Wounds or Veines that are broken, Gam Arabick is efectuall for many 
of the purpofes aforefaid but efpeci 

~The Paradifeof Plants. 34k 

efpecially for defending the Reines and Bladder from 

OF Spikyard, 

likely, becau'é 


> Spee Eight forts of Spiknatd, 1. oii Freach § sitar, 2: 42 Méin- 
tain “Fiétich Spiknard with tutted Flowers, 3. Knobbed mountain’ ‘Spiknards 4. 
Long tuberous’ Mountaih Spiknard, 5. Battird Frene: city 7+, Ines 
camer Italian  Spiknard, 8. Unfavoury Bie ee ae ar 

aed . erie ie ea 
. Ce fii SXIP. “SC ee 

The Fc orm, ° # 

. pect 
nl x 
te % Ms 

Rieomak ae: iknard cre eepeth upon onthe g ¢ ground, ai the loofe are 
and mole, with frnaif long and hard /lender rests, covered with many fhom{imald 

Leaves like Scales ; fending! forch in divers places, as it creepeth and {pread- 
ech here and there, {mall blackifh fibres, whereby it. isnonrifhed , ar _ the, head 
whereof {land fundry {mall |buttons or beads from which {pring many fall nar- 
row and fomewhat. thick, green L es not divided or dented ac all, {mallet 
at the bottome,and broadelt towards the end, which change. yellow in the 
end of Summers among(t thele Leaves rife up fometimes more and {omtimes 
but one-flender alk, without any Leaves thereon, at the top whereof fland - 
many {mall whitith flowers, like unto.che {malleittorts of Valerian, every ont 

na flender foor-ftalk which afterywatds bring {mall feed like unro them -alfoy. 
the whole planris fiweecand more aromaticall then the Indiaw setae tte 

ter allo and fharper.j ia a talt fien.any. rhe: lor. ey 

« Seenay' bes sathered by the yeaa als 3p Pe to lies MERE they are 

eel and ice: I fhall trouble you no farther with the places bey. all Ze 

flower and flourith in the fummer. months of Fane, le a aril promeer is 
Vilar ah shen: OnE So sb whee 7 oa 

Rg wists Spiknard is of an heating and drying 

: Be icciadcoiie the pisynity are fo emis, fezing they ee 
very muc “ssa? or \ahacad — is ee 
* plltheforsef. 5 ivard bur ects aig "ebaeS or French s; 243 are ay 
; brinesand-to-eafethe- p kr 

Stone in the Reines or Kiduyes,if they be drunk with cold water ; and {o they are 
pr le to thofe that have a loathing of their meat, fwellings « or gnawings in 
their fomacks, as alfo for them that are Liver growssandforthem rhat ha have the » 
Faun e It dryeth upehe Flux or humors both in che Headand breaft, 

is a fpeci , ride , and other Antidotes again yemone 

- pheir va Ss peyor 

‘of doth borhw thofe place : 
til chat were thick and cc sealed befor 

: cong 
alfo »moderatly dryeth; apd Raper § pe € 
Ww the cold gr: 

. as he Paradife of ‘Plaats. ae 3 43 

gene inutfed up into othe Noiirills, i it purgeth the Brain of much Rhewme oa. ga- 
thefed therein, and canfech botha good colour and favour to the whole body, 
Being iteeped in Wine for certain dayes Se afterwards diftilied in Balnes calido,che 
Warer hereof is very wefull in all cold indifpo.itions of the Members ,* taken in- 
wardly of applyed outwardly: for it co ~1‘orteh the braine,he!peth to ttay thin di 

Wations, and the cold paines ‘of the Head, as allo che (hakixg of the Palfey ; I¢ 
he tpech alfo all paffises of the Heart, as faincings and {wounwwegs,and the Co} lick 
like.vile, wo or three (poonetulls being taken, Icis co jmonly laid up ina 
ew eurthen Vellell for Eye Mfed:cines, being Aint niide into Powder , and then 
inro roand Cakes or crochiskes wich Wine, which being conveniently applyed 
repreffe and fay che humors thatoifend chem. Being drunk with Wines it help- 
ech tho‘e that are itung or bitten by any venemous Creatures . 


Ofthe Sweer- cfmading, Flagge, 

[Tica in Greek deapes anc or corse. ¢ us 

' detwr becaule it 1¢!peth to chi dimme £ye-fight , w 

€ alto, yer fome ‘have: given it others as Radix nautica, Singentaueat 3 une 

eens peti¢a, And becau'e chis is uled commonly for Calamus Aromaticns by the 
though they be different things, the goatelng a Flagge y-and the 

eae pe a Reed, I thail put them together, . called Calamus Aeotestions : and 

oderatws , which in my judgment fign neh P <0 ME 

pailatsaea but the: eat Of his 

ey ecrar ae pa g nen sdsdicen tome 
thet, that is joyned withit: and believe chis may bea reator 
tions that the Antients counted thole things (weet, which an 
joned Fava, 50 < aig 33s. 

The fee tig Me es ceed ese eh 
eon yet many times fomwhat brownith cow 
1 rabing OF Aree cece eae E 

344 Adam in Eden, Or, 

finger, of apurplith green colour, out of which fhoot forth pale whicihh fowe - 
ers, confifting of four imall Leaves, apeice ; nothing fo welliented as the 
Leayes, falling away quickly without giving eed: the resp is thick amd long, 
fomewhar like to that of the Garden Valeriaw, of a {weet ent and and {omewhat 
a bitter taft. . 

The Places and Times, 


_ The fir groweth in Tark 7, as alfo in Ruffia, and the places thereabours natit. 
rally inmoilt places 5 whence it hath been brought into a few ofour Gardens, 
The fecondin eALgypty as allo by the lake of Gennefareth in Fudea , and in divers 

places alfo of Syria and Arabia, The thirdis fuppoled by Afatthiolus, and o- 
thers,to grow in India, Syria, and Judea ; The fweet {melling Flagge beareth its 
Carkin, in July or eAuguf. — : ate mite: 


vs = = ; ‘The Temperature, | = if 
‘The Rootes of Acorys are hot didry in the fecon devree, and of thin and (wb 


The decoétion of the rootes of the Sweet fmelling|Flagge, being mace with 
‘Wine and drunk, doth not only provoke #rine, but is alfo very protitable forall 
the difeafes of the Reines and Bladder,cleanfing and wafting all the {nperfluities im 
them, without any hurt or danger, ic helpeth to eafe the paines of the fides, Liver, 
and breaftj as allo thofe of theCollickand Cramp ; it recovereth thofe that are _ 

‘Gghe, coking 
The he decostior : 
through a Funnel, are excellentto_ 
ough, The Rootes bruifed and boiled im 

ofe that 

ae = 


CHAP. coxix, 
mae C ‘yperus or Englifh Gage. 

The Names, 

Tis calledin Gerek nSmeposs Cypernss from the Pema Fesitie of the Bie Gin 

is ‘ikea {mall Boxe or Veflell, in Latine alfo ates and funcas trian. 

” \gularis and . angulofus.y to difting guith betweenit, and sthe Jurzeus levis or 

wnlgaris, erdinaryrujhes. Ich corres beareth four. f{quare flalkes , and then 

Atis called Juncus quadratus, In Eng)iflbymany do calk 10-Gallinga or Gallingale , 

-becaule the roores of one fore of it are fommhat like to thoié of rhe {mall Gallix. 

4. Iciscalledalfoas igpenans 0 ypersss and fwreee meng se se gies and, 
_Latuine names, — ‘ 

_ The Kindes, ‘| 

_ To this kind may be referred nt ia sd # 
sooted IWeee.GIPCLIE 2 » The greater Afs LEY MERE WE 
iP eage jt Weet Cy 

se The more common oend rooted {weet Cyperus hore forth i 
foe and narrow Leaves {omwhat ridged 1 in the middie 
thereby to bethree {quare of a {weet {cents among! 
{mooth inna Sahet about thr foot high 

ae containe cate ‘them the feed; the revi compoted many ng 
round blackifh brown {mall rootes falined toons ae trings of ek 

neffe of {mall Olives, of a {weet {cent even a while 
when ae are Pte of! a biccer 

“None ofthe syn i sles ib gh Guede doitlce 

inra Bi cn ity ou wc. bhatt 


346 dam in Eden,Or, 

Rootes of Cyperus, and Bay berries of eacha like quantity, beaten to Powder - 
and made up -with the klrine ofa Boy under yeares, and laid upon the belly of 
thofe that have the Dropty, doth help them very much ; and both of them boil’ 
ed in Wine and drunk often, while the other is uled outwardly, dothwork more — 
eifectually, It is good for the fresting paines and ftrangl.ngs ot the Mother, it the 
arts be bathed with the decoétion thereof, or it the party fit over the fumes, or 
in the decoction thereof. The Powder thereof is an eipecia}! Remedy forall 
Ulcers, yea{preading and devouring Caucers, that by their overmuch moiflure 
hardly admit of any cure , and by the afiringent quality at hath, ic he!peth all fore 
Mouthes whatioevers —Alpinus saith, the e£gyptians do much ule the powcer of 
che Roors,-and afaes of them, to cure the A/cers both of the woush and (ecrer 
parts, and to.drink the decoction of them to comfort and warm the Stomack, 
braine, Lungs; Sinews , arteries, and the womb of thofe that are difiempered though » 
~ cold or moitture, or both, being taken fometime together, for it warmeth and 
frrengeheneth the nacurall vigor of the Spirits, andis therefore comfortable to 
thofe thatbylong ficknefle are much {pent in the health of thear bodies. It 
helpeth and tirengtheneth digefiox pocureth warmth to the blood, and a good 
colonr to the face ; it helpeth thofe,that have ftrong or ftinking breashs, the {aid - 
decoction being» made in Wine anddrunk. The long fmeet Cperusis not alto- 
gether fo éffectuall asthe former ; yet may be ufed for it, the quantity being in- 
creafed;-when the other cannot be gotten; but the chiet ufeof it is, to make 
{weet powders, and perfumes for Garments, Gloves, Ge. to perfume Chambers 
alfo, being burnt wich Cleves and Bayleaves, The Rufh Nuts called Traf which 
are cryed up and down the Streets imSpaim as Orenges and Lemmons are in En- 

arr {nwo ae 2s % 

nade thereof and drunk, and therefore are very 
Jongh, to help to expectorate the Phlegme. 7 

helps » with he. 

» hogs 


~ : se 

y Antients it is noc remembred, 

Fal adife ead 

a ate EN = A le MO ae ae 
, tt 

‘ | > of ‘ ’ eae 
be ¢ PERN UG . WY .e 

BE IOS Hop. sifech up at the. Grit with ‘dissis great. rows ki, Re 
~aonree Afpar ages, but largess, which afrerwards {pread inrorough Breaches 
-climb upon great high poles that are icy for chem to run.on).havibg many. ese 

-andrough darkgreen Leavesonthem, . cut inco three or five diviions, fom hat 
‘Hike unco bramble Leaves,and dented Ii! fanive about the dges BAAS ARS By t 

. Branches, which hang down again for the moii part, come. forth many {eal 
heads, being as it were a {mail number of yellowi ereen Leaves, ontiy ck 

together r strom among which come. feniles the Fi¢iwert of of awhitifh yellow co- 
lour, which being paftand the heads changing their colour to be fomewhat whit 
ifh yellow, they are then fit co be gatheredto. keep, and then there isa small 
- round a found there in;the ror is ereat at the head, (hooting forth mahy black< 
ith ftrings which take EAS ofthe grouad. The Scaly heads which are put 
- cord age - ftrong {mell; by which ‘the. the goodnet of them may be dilcern- 

- The Places and Times, 

sd The aacaigheae leuderi~and. cavers other, tac 

nG in oronnds. —” es rdelishe 3 in low moilt, sie where th y 
ay har ease eneh, yet they wwill.notendure oyermuch ;and theretore 
: sthey-are planted upon hillocks .to prelenve them from drowning. The fecond 
sgroweth among)lt bryers and thornes, in) mia esand, other "places in een 
»Countries of : this Land, of J otk acences : 1s Auppoied t beth fame 

nis ae 

“The decoBton 6F cae Hoses 

powerfull to clean @ the Reines from ¢ 

ONY! ve 1g. zine > 

Jogi shee, Tho a. Merge ae blocs 

: -theyhelpto cure.all manner of ‘Scabs, Itch, and other bret 1 
wapallo alloc te Neng: ATM OP LENE SARS 

of the Skin. The. dec 

348) Adami in Eden: Ory 

the Liver and Seomack, ated therefore it is very profitable to hes given in ar 

and hot Agves cirat rile of Choler and Blood, ~The juyce of the ‘Leaves = 
into the Eaves cleaniech che corrupt ores therein, and he!pech the flench arii 
fron the corruption'‘of them. The greateft ule that is made of theheads ofthe. 
Hops is to puc thentin’ Beer, roalter the quality thereof, and to” prefervevthe 
body from a of gtoffe humors, which Ale being a’ thicker diquordoch 

(op ed yroipe ne 
Foi ce atch Salwas Ae Reining hrm . dons 
ps scilcnaiuiensia ons Sda dete aaseculuides pe e 
re pies CHAP, ccxx, i ol 

| : ‘The Nase: i 4 

W Tis Neti in Greek meatyorey Polygonum, quod alee grechud coefey be 
caufe of ics many joynts ; which name molt of onr Lane writers’ fol 
a i ‘yer there be fome that call i it Seminalis, Sanguinalis; Sanguimaria O Profet- 
<® pinaria from its fanching of blood, and ceeping vpon the’ ground, It 
5 Cal the | of Ita yand other places Corrigiols and. wer gfe the 
yper ett the heat of the Stomack, and Body, from 
up’ the eebund, In Engtilty not-Grafe, Swines gra [fe becaufe Swine 
to feed thereon, in the North Country of divers ot ha igme of the form — 
‘Leafe’tfome alfo call i it t Pink-Weed, and fome Nine Jom an its BF" : 

mber of 
_nomber be The ‘Kinds, 

The ier wich may so ghonte be sedeeiink evahis ee 6 : 
The greater Common Knos-Graffe, 2, ‘The Leffer Common et rf a ) 
Smaii hort leafed Kuot-Graffe 4. mo Kxot-Grafe, 5. The greater Sza, 

Grafe, 6, The Leffer Sea 4[fe, 7. White Mountaine’ *Knot-Crafe, % 
~Mountaine ‘aiacgte with Stone crop Leaves, 9. Spans Knor-Grafle, 1% 
Small K not-Gr afe ot ier, 11, Candy Kxot-Grafe, 12, Lobels Kua- 
Graffe, with Mother of Time Leaves, 13, Germans Knor-Graffe or Knawells 
: es ie; ther German, fir ia 2 se = . Segue 

"The Ferm, . 

ate Pasta ik ys fhooteth forth fickiy toto Halil branches 
Joynts, lyi upon che ground with divers long narrow Leaves there0M» 
‘moftpare ata Joyner; Sabir wh e(pecially from the middle of the 
td lie pots Ae lowers which are fo {mall chat Phectta | 



a 2% : the Paradife of Plants. 347 

The Places and Time, >. 

~The +o firft forts grow every where both by the foot-wayesin che fields, ef- 
pecially at cheerids of thofe Lands whereon Winter corn groweth,andfome- 
times by the fides of thofe High-wayes and old walls, The third oroweth 

higher grounds, and upon Hulls and Monntaines. _ The fomrth in the fame pla- 
ces alfoin the more parts thereof. The fifthand fixt by the Sea fide in 
divers places. The fevent in Franceand Spaine, The eighthin Naples, The 
Ninth about Mountaines in France that areneer the Sea, The thirteenth about 
Chipnam in Wilt{hire, as alio in Germany by the way fides, where the laf groweth 

alfo, They are in flower, and feed, all the Summer long, 
| The Ti emperature, 

" Kwot-Graffeis coldin the fecond degree, or elfe in the beginning of the shird, 
yet it is of inde quality, which fagnifies that it is dry, “8 

£ ate al a es fg Res, 

_and with and w fharp alfo; and wichall - 
wonderfully the Gravell or Stone inthe Reines or Bladder. Being 

or of the Stomack,and to ftay any flux of che blood or . rofthebelly 
orwomb ; asthe Bloody finx, Womens courfes, both white andred pifing of blood, 
nor onely hi it for the prefent, but driveth ic quite away as ir is {aid ; be- 
ang boiled in wine and drunk, it helpeth thofe that are ftung or bitten with Ve- 
nemous Creatures, and the fame is very effecinall to ftay all defluxionsof Rheu- 
matick humors falling down upon the Stomack, and kjlleth wormes in the belly 
or Stomack, andeafeth all inward paines that. arile of heat, fharpneffe and cor- 
suption of bloodand,Choler, and is good for inward wounds. The difiilled 
water taken by it felf orw ih the powder of the herb, or feed, is very effeStuald 
to all the purpofes aforefaid. The jaye hereoayeh he heding of the fe, | 
being applyed to the forehead and Temples, or to be {nuffed up in the Nofe ; 
the fame cooleth all manner of inflammations as St, Anthomies fire, or any 
ing or burning : 


Seikind chen of theLand; yercheylervero provoke hineand expel he ove 

jae : . ~ dam in Eden, Or, | ae 

ta Senin ote Pe nh 

' and Gravell oll by brine ; and fo doth Knavell, where the other i is, notte © behads 
me is{carcely in any part of chisLand) 0. ss: 5 

Peis? Ss ato a SE eee = 
dt —- 

4 ’ 
3 ” Ce * 


Re: Bs " S Pe S 

gti hah 5 i 

Pee | 

Sow “CHAP. ccxxtL, tosis 3o estate ae 

Of Pas a Pert or Parfly = fone 

nee ji Seg raid hE The Names,: 
T may ‘called bein Greek monsyover sales as it sin Latin Pidypsen 5 Sel 
noides: I {ay it may,becaufe find not any Greek or Latin Author chat treates 
_ of it, being unknown to all the tranfmarine Dostors before Lobe! came to 
= us,who called it Percepier ‘eAnglorum., which firftword-Petcepier 1s deri- 
weal from Percepierre y, fignitying in: French, /as‘muchnas Lithou-sribon 3 in-Greek, 
Saxifraga Petri findwla an oblolete word, and Calcwulum fran, gens in Latine which 
is Pierce-ftone ot Break-ffone in Engit(h, and: Anglorum is added , becaulei itis 
chought co be peculiar to our Country. Some call it Parfley-Pert, andderiveit 
from Petra, duit is more properly. Parfly teres tone, penile, of its eminent ia =e 
culties to that purpofe, | a 
. -Fhough: there bs peels hereof which might bsve-beem paced amen Soe 
sether. Kuve raffe;wherec Fitiiswkind,yer becaute ic is {omwhat 
antry, 1 have gi os 5 eegetai felfe. 

ost ere 

oF "The Forms: 

i Skee fone’ Parfly grow chanicicasis Pema = he goound; ‘ea S 
ftanding | upon a fmatt Csiptebadtaiae > oe brood asahedet ‘le ofamans 
‘or thumb, very much jagged on the éedgessewhich maketh it to feems 
Somewhat like nncoa Partl apices csiearge jane Joxaten te 
or dusky greene colour, from. . eand 
fralkes about two or three fingersilong , pp 
"tothe tops, thar'almoft no part of etciet aen thefe Leas ~e | 
~ come forth very {mal] greenith yellow flowers, icarce to be difcerned = ahs 
erward: growerhthefeed as-fmall as that of the Knor-graffe, The rn te 
ann ng es Yugo pl that is likech, : 

The Places and Times . 

= -Parfy rt gromethin tho fel that are: owed for Gore, bh 
h a; sand ‘thacever:Ecankeinco;: though Gerard and Parkinfor, make asitiey Pee 
ant growing in few places. . It is to be foundalithe Springs. Summet,2nd 

a en from April to the end of Ofober, yet it muft bein feverali places 
yeth Se ee will flourith fink» 

let oe 


___ The Paradite of Plants. 355 



See ‘manner 
as pees, ecefle miniftred it'to divers 

6 Sree 

JHC €| 

gotten, ; 

ng themier 

a och 

sti ei tn smn 


=— ~ 

t growerh more pientifully in England then in any otherCountry. 2, Afr, 
_ Goodyers Mavfh-Saxifrage fo called becaule he firft di covered ir in a marfhy place, 
3. Lobels Welt-Country Saxifrage becaufe Lebel found it in the Weflerne parts of 
this Land. 4. White Saxifrage forcalied trom the-coiour ofthe flowers,to di. 
ftinenith ic from the former. 5. Golden Saxifrage from the Golden colour ofthe 
Leaves. 6. Thegreater Burnet Saxifrage, fo called becaufe ic hath Leavesiom- 
what like Burnet, 7. The middle Burnet Saxifrage, 8. The lefler Burnes 
Saxifrage, 9. SaxifragewithC hickweed Leaves,» gitcsochaud 

The Forme, 

_. Englifh Sacefrage, White Saxifrage, Golden Saxifrage, and burner Saxifrage be 
of pA a ie toad that ic wk be neceffary thar I detcribe eae 
. = Englifh or Medow Saxifrage which is known to divers by the name of Medow 
Par fly,groweth with many very green winged Leaves fomwhat like unto thole of 
Fenne!; but thicker and broader; fo like unto Afedow Hart-wort of Mompelier 
that it made Parknfon joyne it next thereunto; from arsongtt the faidLeaves 
tie op divers crelied falkes. of a Cubit high ; having therewpon divers {mallet 
frolkes of winved Leaves alio finely cut, but fomwhat harth ro the feeling and 
bearing at che topspoky rundells or umbel!s beter with white flowerstendinga — 
lirrle to ye ow whichgive place mnto feeds {ike unto the Common Fennell feed, 
boch sor forme and greatneffe, buc of a browner colour and {mall caft; Thered 
~ Gs: thick biack withoun, white within , and ofagood{avour, ont 
White Soxifrage otoweth with divers round faint or yellowifh greene Leaves, 
bur grayifh underneat 15 fpread upon the ground, unevenly dented about the 
_ edges,,andfomwhat hairy, every one upona little foorttalke, trom whence fifeth 
- mparound brownith hairy greene fralke , about.afoot-high with afew duch like 
round Leaves as grow oe but pie re TE os ached at the to ant ee 
oniiand pretrylarge white flowers of five Leaves a peece , with fome Ww 
‘Thredsin the middle,Aanding ina long ctefted: brownifh greene husk, whi 
being patt there arifeth fomtimes around hard bead,biforked at thetop,whereit 
contained {mall blackifh feed: the Root is comp ‘blac 

whereunto are fafined ewes. ddifh graines roma res = oH 
enefle of Pepper-cornes, which are ufedin Medicine, and calle 
s whit 6 ? that which is truly meant by P 


~~ the Paradife of Plant. 
mies FS The Places and Time, 

+ The firft groweth almoft in every Medow , and therefore it is called Wicdow 
Par fly, yet it fomtimes growes in upland ground ; the fecond was found by Mr; 
oGeodyer,on abogeyg ound belowthe red Well of Wellin borough in Norhan-pton- 
phire;the thirdby Lebel between Chipnam and Mayle orough, in the High- way 
i een London and Br few; on a Chaiky Hill ; the fourth groweth very p enti- 
fully in a feild immediately below the Abby Orchard, ar St. Albons, and inma- 
“hy other places: che fift in moift and marifh places about Bath and Welles. and in 
the Moores by Boffen and ¥fbich in Lincolwelhire : the fixth , feventh, andeight, 
-grow in divers Meadows ania Paffures-crounds of this Land: the /a/ groweth up= 
Sarbanes hills , andiometimes upon Walls. The fief fowreth from the be= 

May tothe end ot Auguff ; the fecond and thirdiomwhat later; th® 

ginning of 
ek % or May ar the furthelt , when it is gathered for that which is call 

bs dpi 

ed the feed as well as to diltill, fori perifheth {oon after; the fifth in Agarch 
and Aprif ; the reft, about Fuly, and their Seed is ripe in Axgw/?, ro 
The Temperature, —— 

oe eget 

ete @ : 
_ The feeds and rootes of Saxifrage or Medow Par(ly boiledin uy: | 
and the decoStion drunk,breaketh ie Stone in the His on Sian 
_the firangury, and cau eth one to make Water freelp, which alfo brine. ueas , 
and mace into Powder, aid halfe a dram er a dram sa ok The root dryed 
and warmeth the Stonsack. naw ipi Supar,comforrent 
th the Chelick alfo, and expeller 7 
_ the Rennes that they put into their 

3. 52 aes in Eden: _ °° 

of the Seeds and Sugar, pureech the brane, helpeth the TaPaE raha rs 
fpeech, andis eood tor Conval fions, Cramps, eApoplexies , and cold feavers, and 
{0 is the diftilled water wherein Caftorenm hath been boiled, which is proutable me 
alfo for the Palfy, and many other cold griefes.. The fame drunk, with wine and 
Vinegar cureth the Plagse, and being holden or chewed in the mouth, it pre- 
ferveth from the Infection, when the aireis corrupted, The feed. made i into: 

- Comifits like unto thofe of Caraway are. effectual for all tlie purpofes af 
and fo is the diftilléd water fiveetned with Sugar, thongh not info, pow: Eascsir4 
matiner a8 the former ; which water alfo beautifieth the face, by cleanfing ic from 
all Spotsand Freckels, ‘and leaving 4 good colonr. -Thé uyce of the Leaves doth i 
the fame; and being’ dropped i into the orievous wounds of the Head, oranyo- — 
ther place, dryech up the moifture and healeth them quickly. The diftilled — 
Water alone, or with Vinegar, being put into the eyes cleareth the fight. exceed- 

ingly,!LeonceiveT have given to every fort its due properties, norwithftanding : M3 
find allor molt of them attributed to Saxifragey in. general, and no doubr, 

‘one fort is not to be had, 1 a other ba lerve as sere they being promil - ; 


ie = fide O-H A COXHE 

Of josopwert. : 

eee a 

sGoeek “oniaibi, beau iciin 5 ones when the 

Vn th 

eins C pres 5: AG ms 
n Temalar: 7, Candy D op 
eads, 8, Lobels Narrow Leaved Enanthe or Drepwort, 9. L 
= anthe or Dropwort,10, Matth Dropwort,11. French Drops 
£ Small Ruth like Emenehe or ne terol I 3s Bi ees of 

il, py ieee tates rej a brie 
st Ee tah having ome fuck 3 

and fometimes alfo pty ed into en — Raith at the SPIRO tird- 
ny white fweet fmelling ¢, Flajwers, conbiliifig sof! five Leaves a peice, with fome 
threds in the middle, ftanding together in a aieoand or umbel upona {mall tootftalks 

the feeds are {mall and black, ny-little kyobs or black, pel- 
ia fomewha like unto mee of the feraale ne st a but {maller, » 
The Placesaud Time, 

as The fir growerh in diversiplaces of eHissLan Gish ‘upon spch aodshn ay A 
ont te Sou Briftow, andina Ce: Earner byifh 
Henge ha dee buthesimdry f pravegessencoa at « sai dea nit belcwere 0 
n ONL, Ad 
. cero? erat areiome in ou o stil iceielnndghest ana @ pet 
yitheir 1 eae NBS eR IgD in-the wet anid\moitt furrows _ e 
it belonging nderbricks\Commont abled Batierfey near Lon- 
iby tiie f between’ Ukeandkand Eltham abouic.eimile trom 
eb whe aletontdo ithe} The la(t_groweth about the hotties Which 
«wes formerly che Bihop ot -Lojidons av Fudham, ©The Filiperidul’as flower in June 
cand Fuly, and their leedis stipe in Angi sbut thereli-law ex and wee 

see: : i ; ats 2539 ) 2fot Ba! 25 235 sds s P 
Veins t hao af sess ee oe 4 ? 
oma} ‘Easavast. 3 Lopes 

‘The Signatpie andVertues. 
forghe Toots feverall of the forts of Dropwarby conifting of tound mberous 

“pieces ‘which do fomewhatrefemble. the. Steme in @ mans Bladdet, do: figeife 
het mipnly a Remedy for the Stasey, and indeed iris fo, for ic noryonely 

r in away the Gravelly: but: Al Cvers effeétnall to srovoke Ursne, 

coneiphe Sieg ary oF piffing by Drops, and all tae paines of Seder or 

Bladder, which are either forerynnefs ofS ym proms of the Stowe, whether you 

pe: the Flowers, Leaves or Seed, but the Roots are moft effeétuall, as havit ng tt 

: ignature, eirher taken in Powder or ina decoctionywith Whire Wi us res aed 
ut cle ere ree The fame bringeth dow womens Courfes, hel 

 f0e2 he A fter-birt “co a ree peg pdife, and Falling-Sick- 

> w sie gue asalio is very reve ot 
e Lungs : uaa breath fings; Hoar (nese ar 
ia andto bring’away cold phlegm chereftom, or any other. pa 
thereabouts. Being ufed in 1 Broths it helpeth rhe Ache ofthe Back and K . 
-andalfo whee dee thereof, asalfovof the Blade ler and Urine. The fad . 
.Knors of the Roots being dryedand made into powde:r are effeStuall for re Slee 
hep oe bruifedbetore they be 

gel Le yed ro the fwellings of the Pills or Hasiorrhoides ic Aelpeth 
do the Leaves which may be wled,if the root wabe be nor gotten 
a Ur inesand help the St¥angury al fo.But the He lock, D 
“de vats oa that havefeen. Saal 

3 dwcesit doth well nigin poyfony 4 

1 in fh 

so de 
er he  e aa 

554 a a OF 
| in esioa 5 eral. CHAP, OGREMN cary) one 
mene silage Hi 

The Names, - 

Tistalled in Greek asbtewtpuey Ligho(permum which fe onifes as much ag 
“ Stony-[eed » for the feed is very hard likea Stone; i in Latine alfo Liz thofper. 
mim; and Gorgonium, AL ginochos,and Heraclea; in Shops Milinm Solis and 
‘Granum Solis, as {ome think, becaufe ef its gliftering ; when the Sun fhines 
‘upon it’; but Serapio faith;it fhould be called Milium Soler becanle the | 
_ Ing like “thofe of AGMet, did grow uponthe Mounraine So'er, It is calledin 
Enghith Gromell, Pearle-Plant, and Lichwale, Jobs Teares, which Tintend to 
‘treat of alfo in this near oe as being Litho/permi {pecies, a kind 0: Gromel, becall+ 
‘ed int Eating Sseingesa: and Job:, and LackrymaChrifti; ot ome Diofpyres or 
Triticum, the Leaves hereof being like the Blades of Come, The tates | 
when they firft had it, called it Lachryma {amply, aiterwards Lachryma Chrifi: 
aud fince,every Country hath added fome or other Epithite thereunto , moft of 
which are made ule of in in ss eh 3: calling it Jobs Teares , fome Mofes Teares 

fome fobs Drops, or Adofes Chrifts Teares , Our Ladies ee and forne 
Gromit sane pecaas i kat calls it Arunde Lithelpermes, . “y 
The Kinds. 

oe ay Geteeered thele wine forts. x. Great upright Gromell ~ 
‘a. The greater creeping Cromwell. 3. Small wildGrorell, 4. Umbellifee 
yousGromell. 5. Small Gromel,with tufted tops fike otikenihe 6, Small 
CorneGromel, 7. The{mall Gertane Gromel] or Sparrowort, $, French 
Gromel with Finan dei, ca “et $s Teares, £ 

ccs ahs Cad ics a eed kins th 

‘up with divers, upright, flender,woeddy, hairy, brown sh ghee 3 
little or not at all, whereon oe orow ie order , long, > bat | 

_ rough, tharp pointed narrow greene Leaves ; att tops of the Ralkes fa q 
a white Aowers, in rough brown huskes, wherein after theyare pat 
contained a white hard , fiony , round, fhinine g feed, like unto Pearles; the 
root is long and hard or fomwhat wooddy, with divers branches site ice es 

cg ee not every yeare, as the alle g. 
: . The Places and Time. 

The fr groweth in Gardens as I faid before, whither ir was: 
Tsaly, orthe parts of France next unto it, where it groweth wild, ¢ 
and chiro ge wild in many places of our Land in bien geht te 
ed or untilled, and fomtimes in thofe which are fruictull alfo ; The fourth grow- 
eth,as Lobel faith,in the defcent of the Valley of Oftia, in Piedmont. The fixtas 
the fame Author affirmeth, groweth in Corne-grounds by the way from Bri, thy 
to Bath, The feaventh in the Corne-feilds of Germaxy, Theei 
" ‘France; The saft growgth paw soe in hedes, Syria ,apd 

other Eafterne Comntryes; being broughr thence Into oar Gardens whereirgrow- 
ethwell. The Gromels do all ower from, Adid{wmmer co September the jeed i=: 

pening in the meane time; but the feed of fobs Teares feldome come to periecti~ 
on as wick us, unlefle ic be jown betimes ; Tey the Sumner prove very hor, 

The’ Paar, 
* Thefeeds of Gromel are hor and dry in the fecond degree. and {0 aré rhole of 
job Tee Cares, 4 =e 
hi, des ta RIO 4 #5 Tiie Sinai ahd Persie: fre ee 

“the poe se by theit ony hardneéffe’, Have sive 'o oir cforePatherd 0 
underttand that’ ‘they are of oem torce ‘co break the Stone andto avoidir, and 
peepee git ines, or Beadder ; andifit be made ule’of in thefe 
capeed be found as effectual as any other Seed — Heth whatfoever, for che 
. 3as alfoto provoke Urine , being ftopt, and'to help’ the:Strangary y 
Deity brated anid boiléd in White Wine or Broth, or the powder ef it drunk in 
saw White-Wine or in broth or the like, bit the moft pleafane, fafe, and efiectia- 
all way is to make a Barly creame with the Kernells of the four greater cold feeds , 
and the feeds ot i Gremel by pe fa them in Barly water » and co take thereot i in 

ogether, when you, ate roubled with any of 

2 200d me dicine ro pt eme and C ‘to y open hd paren eine 
and Bladder, at to eel wind etecitety. “Two drammes of the feed in'Pow= 
dertaken withthe Milk of a Woman isvery effectual co procure a peed deli- 
very to {uch Women as have fore paines in their 7) rae, y and cannot be ce 
peietenin ent Fo TF ghtiges: ith: © Being ied vith 

a Patio eined 
wherein fome ei it pehnar 

be eee "Thelid eee re wedby. Pate ee Sato numbet 

_ petro, sl es ga pean 


Of Onions. 

r Tis called in Greek xeduuvey, and xpéuver, actors to the brs dni PP ; 

Ids xagas,becanie the Antients were wont te (bat chetr Eyes, as often astheyea 

_ them, det they fhould make them Water, Itis called in Latine ¢ Cepa and 
Ce “epe geet sa as.fome. bk eRe, of rhe Lipsenaes thes bead, ssh 

ae ere 

4 : s Sr < etd 

* Pr £ a4 
3 Sil é . ss ( sais SL Od ab i aan i 
“ PL Teeth aad 2) 4 ee 

There be d divers forts of £ Onfund’ half a dozen wihereott rei peu im i 
vith, 1. The Ordinary flat white. Onyon, 2, The long white Onionae he 
Re red Onion, 4, The long rec Oxyon, , 5. The Strasbarow, #gh Onion whole 
one. BASIE ike da Parsi Byes bu copy om 
(dk ONE a nxt ae ee , 

ut ie cA Bete! és 
es aah ei AMSA reat | 2 € ef eae aLCh 7 Ine | ] nt 
ahi Pej dba # Bini, & “ ‘ ‘oat | D | 
ioe Heng a hen. the head is { gd eat alk cann re inic, 
oe sa onie is £0 

: af x 
- Se: 

pe tS £0 ha 
; Be + 

*. WBE Oiectacc Uisbseerer oF a Giddens and c(phi tenes h 
- ground, w 1 is well digeed and dunged, | I know not whether they grew 
poo aadidegbed 23 Eel Afealon, a City of Judes; but that they were formef> 
~ Ty very plencifull in cholé parts, Iam verily perfwaded. Tho/e thar are fown 
‘fore fhould be fown in February, or before the latter end of «March atthe 
Met, in ché increafe of the AZeop, and’ to be gathered about Auguft, pe 
ladesbesini to be flagged towarfls tHe'roors.  Thofe which are for feed 
be fec at che fame time when the former are fown, yet it feldome comes. 10 ie 
So moft of the feed we Mictoming con® the 
Seas, - s 
‘or ae | The Temperatare 

is foc uoe and Sr acee forrth degree, as Galen afi es a juyceis. ; 
of a thin warery fubftance, andif ic be taken in any great quantity itis rank 
> cm but the rett is of thick parts and may beeaten with litle Soda 


a ae 

Long ee i 

The Paradileof Plants. 35 

The Signature and Vertues, 

White wine wherein a fliced onyon hath been fleepéd allnighe being drunk in 
the morning, ind the parry walke an hour after it, is a good Remedy for the Stone; 
which its Signature doth aemonftrate as Crollins noreth, as alfo to provoke Urine, 
and Womens | Courfes, They areufed alforo provoke Appetite cale the paines of the 
belly, and to help the biting of amad Dog, rei aig venemous (reatnres, 


ally if ic be Hi wea a little and Rue. © The wacer, whecein fed 
Prarie ai een Coc istnein killer br € woruies in Children: rotted 

under mbers "ge ate with and Sugar and Oile, they help an old 
Congh oy, SROpR the rough Phlegme and canfing it eafily to be Spit. forty « It 

is counted by m d.prefervarine againit. infettion to take. Onions} fafting 5 
with bread and Sle ae 1, dare not fub(cribe to their Opinion, becaufe they do 
hen expell C uption, and therefore rheir externall ule feemiethto 

be berter, elpecially ifa great Onyon being, madehollow and the place filled up 
with good Treakle be roalied well under the Embers, and, after the taking away 

of the outermott skin, be beaten together and applyed toan Page oa. or 

putrid Ulcer, for fo it is likely * tobea edy. Being fli d and 
dippedin che juyce of Sorrel and Cpe to es ttiat is fick of a Tertian 
y #e,C0 eat, it take ¢ fitin once or twice fo takit Sr feed, and theo 
n ram Ps! sain, + Ae. of she feed the f PS 

“he juyce {nus ge OT remem oper 
hy ‘ yar gy, nd is jgood alle for fcalding or burning | by fires Water, or Gux- 
powder ad being er with Vinegar it rakérhaway all blemithes, Sposs, and marks 
rir anc dropped into the Eares,eafeth the painés and noifé in them, Ap- 
plyedalfo with Fees ‘en together with thes, ithelperh totipen and. break 

v4 wer nd on Sores. peciall i firft rofted in Embers, (tam with 
sult ean nd Hi Von, oy mete forthe biting of a cAfid 1 a 2 
laid thereunrc The huyc ot-Onionsmixed with the decostion of eHMyrOy= 
aljand.a applyed, ealech the Gout... The juyce:mixe 

with Honey, se . id pee pe ai therewith, canfech the: baie: tage 7. 
again. They provoke the Hemorrhoides or Pals being Sena 
chentfel ich Bansee ee Fh with, aS aioe 

plyed with Buccer reafe, Tot 

len, Or;. © 


ea Ha ~ Of Bical athe ; a. : af 

The Nemes) ‘3 . 31 Fi 9 teal ons ‘ 

| Timay he called in Greek Splewos for itis Lindl of Bol gibibe ss “ah 
-icis called Solanum. Halicacabsum, and Veficatorinm by he ther of o : 
Bladder wherein the Berry ¢ croweth > or ofthe Vertues againft Me 
p ofthe Bladder and Stone. The Arabians call it Alkakeng i, = ihc the 
Shp rie Brunfel Gus callech it his Saxifraga quarta,cert top 
which Epithet theres more colourthen for Filipendula’ that it frouta att |. 
ed, Ie is called Winter Cherry Sa aoa becatte it Alouritheth inthe He 
cers andhe fit scram Tear ; oe 

Yee yA 



<Afind but ‘hots forts fe nat alieies = shad swtiieh'3 is exiled mI ye i 
1orthe Black Winter-Cherry perifhing at the ery firft app; oachof 
Winter; ad sie ke for other realons oeehe not to . fo called, ts ae 


$39 58) yo 

ras we bo were gated 

Tt senbacerieaey Oest 

a et id oH Fii pO Hihits 142 392 

Seaton Popa, : Dela groweth aor ewe ndies,’ They flower in 
Augnft , and are fitteft oes bee (yet ae 6 ihehconn é 
and. hae eure up, Cg oe all the Ware. tobe a poh 

are thoug! tobe eld and dy and cepa, 


the Paradife of Plants. 988 


The Fertues atid Signature. 

Having orcad you feverall Plants that had the Signature ofthe Stone,’ Icome 
in the jait place to {hew you one of two that have the Signature both of the ftone 
atid bladder which the V Vinter Cherry doth very much te.emble ; andistherefore 
of great ule by opening the Uxitory parts; and drawing down’ the Urine to pro- 
youe it co beavoided plericifiilly ,° when it is Ropped ; s and is good moroebel 
the Stone and: Bladder out of the-Reimes, Kidweys,and Bladder helping to diflolve 
the Stone, anthavoiding it by ereer Or Gravel  fent forth in the Mrine vit helpecky 
much aliotoclenfe inward Srialuet or Whcers, in the Reines or Bladder, or im 
thofe hac avoida bloody orféule-Yrené, wo or three handtulls of the berries 
being bruiféd and putiinto woot three Gallons ofnew Wine or Ale, affoone as 
it is tunned up there to continue till the Wine or Ale be fitto be drunk, butthe - 
decostion of the Berries in Wine or-Watet isthe moft ufuall way to be taken, yet 
the powder of them taken in drink or ‘broth, is held ro be more effectuall, It 
helpest the jellow Faundife aio by openiny the paffages of the Galland Liverjand — 
expelling ote Urine, The diflitléd Water GE the Frait or the Leaves tevether 
with chen, orcthe berries greene or < ems Sa tet omeaiiee joe ora 

7 New Teee whith . wes unig og icons ichare. 
— Wie Sorin ce Bladder, but becaule it is without any other Ver- 
tue, unlefleit be to provoke Venery, as{ome afirme , haying withall divers e- 
vill Qualities,whereby they are loachfome and overturne the Stomacks of them 
that cate themy bal ple ic yi ached getonacalt, onl elyou 
thavitis called io iseeeh ei 5c fappe ps ae: wage 

‘TiscalledinGreckeypone 4 siechacis Gr rawen 2 fionply x2] Gost 
-_ | itisofmoftafe, In : Gramen Caninum medica~ 
tam by Label, f foes awienass eck ican . dome talipa wade 

. _— Misinventas 

360 ~ Adam inEden,Or, me | 

The Kindes, ae 

You may gueffe by the feverall.fores of Qwich-grafe, what a huce number of 
Graffes there be in ail, this being a fubordinate ia yet hath Axteene under 
it. 1, Common Quich-grafle, 2, Quich-graffe with a more fpread Panickle, 
3. The lefler Quich-grafie with a fparfedtuft. 4, Low bending Quich-grafle, 
5. Low bending Quich-grafle of <Mompelier, 6. A {mall iweet grafle like 
Quich-graffe, 7. Common bulbed and knotted Quich-graffe.. 8, Knobbeds 
grafle witha{mall round fpike. 9, Double bulbed: 10. The bulbed Graffe 
of Aleppo. rt. The Sicilian Bulbed Graffle, 12, Sea {piked Dogs-erafleor — 
Quich-grafles 13. Sea Quich-graffe., 14. he Dogs-grafie with long roots, 
15. Seaipiked Dogs-grafle of Adompelier. 16, Rough Sea Dogs-graffe: 

~ Common Quich-graffe is well known,both by Gardiners and Husbandmen, to 
' creepe farre about under the ground with long white joynted Rootes , and fimalb 
fibres, almoft at every joynt, very {weet in taft (as the reit of the herb is) and 
interlacing one another : from whence fhoore forth firtt one,and afterwards ma= 
ny faire and long grafly Leaves, {mall at the ends and cutting and fharpe atthe 
edges; the Sealkes are joynted like corne with the like Leaves on them , anda 
long fpiked. Head, with long husks on them,and hard rough feedinthem. > 


__o <The firftistoo’common both in Gardens and Ploughed feilds for the Garden= 
who holds halfe an Acre of it worth five of Carrors. or Corne: the/zcond and third. 
are nothing fo frequent , and are more natural} tofandy aud chaiky: grounds sche: 
three next ate likewife found in feilds,chat have been Ploughed, but ly, fallowat? 

prelene ; The /eaventh is found in fome Ploughed Feilds and Medowe: e 
Land ; the eighth neere Bafil, the ninth in Spaine.che tenth neere Aleppe, thee 
fifteenth, abou Mompelier and Narbone, about Vexice, Ti flourif’ 

eo nee : 
Oia ee 
em = 4 

bor che 

oe : + : F: 

| ; ie 0 ine 
sole the Degs alfo eat it a afterthe takine r reof have been obferved to void © 
- ie Dirac in Bg oe openeth. the Obftrattions of 
the Liver and Gail, and ealeth the griping paines of reas Belly ahd Jnflemmiarions, 
The Roots bruiled and applyed are very effectual for Confolidating Wonnds, The 
feed doth more powertully expell Urine, and ftayeth the Lask. and Vomit: ngs; 
The diftilled Water by icfelf or witha little wormleed killeth the Wormesin 
pene ‘The way of ning ic for the diléates of the Reines and Bladderywhich 
tovexpreficaiter the, Signature, is onely to brmife’ the Roots and having 
Se white wines to drink the decostion, yet after che benefic of 
making Wari oa os nig ennai be made In water, 

collet iy ee | Pea ey 



gtors) ac bape shy s CHAP. CCNXIX: 

fi ge? eat si dort 

cot OF Bacher rs Broom. 


¥ T isxalledin Greek ™ tin » Ox a snbch sama eden fa 
and \of ifn Pein Biker cree: iil chat it: 

pine rai Chamemyr fine, "and Acares‘or rather Aceron which is one 

of. che Baftard Names, by all which we may gather that ig was taken tor the wild 

Morile bur fai fly, er ihin which was acc te 
unto the mdnured: kind. with pric kly Leaves ; and there: Ling mi 

when he actribured the facalieies:of- theoné tothe other. Iris called’ in Lagne: 

dim Shops catalogs fome Sunniin % 

og tee: pale, ieee 3 

is thick, St 


‘ . Darts oO: Kem E ig terse i9 , aa de 3 
der them they areoftentimes found. It ch forth its pe in the 
Spring, che berries being ripe in or bom Semis and the or Leaves 
allthe Winter, .. The 

Fr +e Temperate, ny = ssn 


Thd Roots of Beitbert Broom whichare of 9 scent vertne sd ote 
sere and ster alors in a hig With: a a thine of Effence, 7 a 
v2 oY wid ibis gy , 

“The si ignatsre and Virtues... ? ne 

Thongh PRE sr Broom cannot bé {aid to have che Signature of the Réitids ; 
and Bladder. or the Stone in them, yet it may as well be jaid to: have the'Signa- 
ture of that. pricking pain chat is lett in. chem, a; often as the Stone of Gravel 
moves, juit as if ‘chores Were put into the paflages of the Urine, as Cardnus Bene- 
dittus , to Ggmifie its efficacy in curing the paines of the fides, by the prickles 
that grow thereon : and therefore the Deco<tien of the Roots made with Wine 
is very profitable to open Obftruftions co provoke Urine, and to amend the {trong — 
fmeli thereof, ic being one of the five ae: ot deureticall Rooss,expreffed in 
the London Dilpenfacory : : for it helpeth to expel. Gravell and che Stone, as cons. 

fequently trom thofe tormenting paines which feeme as if thole parts were 
peircedthrough with Needles, It is "alfo of great operation in the Strangary, 
bringeth down Womens wsonthly Cowrfes, and Being taken with {ome Honey or 
Sugar, ic clean! eth the Breaf? of Phlegme, and the Chef of much Clammy hu- 
mors gatheredtherein, . The {ame‘ertedts are actribaced co che Leaves and B 
ties by Diofcorides. . ‘The juyceofithe Leaves taken with Sugar, helpech S pag 

of blood, and cleanieththe Womb,» Halte a Ounce of the Roors: with the like 
quantity of Annile-(eed abd, Fennel-feed madeinco att apicae halfe an Ounce 

ot Suga gy eye ape wink gpg oh ak , 
as wilklye ona’ Shilling,is, very avail gripin ti 
Rd decoction of the Roors deurkands Pale made of 1 ai ere ad 

, are effedtuall in kissing oa  conflideting Broken toa ahs 

8 at Te re snycptiensot sslaecheap the ftinke of the mouth and Gums; 

F wafbed therewith ;. and che powder of the root cleanieth wounds and 

prscia nag i rene being ftrewed therein. ‘The Leaves ftamped and. aaa 

with Rofe-water anda licele Wine, and apply ed unte sip cree panes aman ai 

helpech the Jnflamsmations thereof... The young shoots are in places eateh 
in Salets, after that manner as -Afp peragus ate, The fall srown bra: aches S wert : 

foms (Ore the houfe,whence it was called Sgop4 Re 

unleffe ic beButchers who make cleane their ftalls& 

he flyes therewith, which is the eee: itisc 

| from th mice eating, 2 | —— eh oe 2nd Bi | 


the Paradife of Plants. 503 
OF (Chervill. 
The Na 

T is called Check saeouaal Ch herephyllum, either becaufeit detightech td 
with many Leaves,or berets hey caule joy & gladneffe: which name the 
_ Latines partly follow, it being called Ch by Colwmella, ries oS 
| m of Pliny; but che moft comm: non name it hath is Cerefolisms 
ing amongrell Word compoted both of Greek and Latine. its 
snglifh b no other name that I know,then Chervill;for Afyrrbis, Sweet 
er vill, and Sweet Cicely is another plant which I have already created of, -dit- 
febet from this | im many refpects, as I could fhew, if i ehongtt 3 it needful, bar 
I chink what I have faid,may fuffice. 

sMebas ses tsgr > “The Farm. 

A bau Chervil doth at the firt coming up Gombtiretenitic Yeas 
ater ic is better grown, the Leaves are very 
ling Hemlocks, {o much, that fome chat n 
be didinguithed if - 

fie; beatin high, rough Parkinfon fay but | 
whine Flowers Tufts, which turne i into long a 
feed toaply pointed at the ends and blackith when they: arezipen ok tea 
of no {mell, whereas the Sohne ec ‘reafonable well, wick 
rhe The reer is ft , periheth every 
. ; fffered eo fed, and char feed =o 
wale Songs om leftit encroach upom 

. a> 

The Signature and Vertues, 

The fharp poitited feeds of Chervill and Shepbengle-Weed!e may be faid co fieni- 
fie the Vercues they have in eafing the pricking paines of the Stone in the Reines 
and Bladder; forthe juyce or di(tilled water ot either of them being drunk, is 
good for the Back, and Bladder, provoketh “rine mightily; and freeth rhe in- 
ward parts from Ob/frattions , andgrhe Chervi/ caken in meat or drink, worketh 
theliame effects being caken either as meat or Medicine; for it may be and is « 
fen-caten as a fallet whilft itis young, pleafing rhe Palate with its good telli 
and warming the Stomack alfo, andtherefore it is very much u’ed J amongtt the ; 
Frenchaed Dutch in ch une mate miele: whereof they much 
| a tO diffolve congealed ee 

pricking: of wegerse ; which itdoth ty sieaaeaee 
"0 prov gee y,the decostion beitig taken, The wild (hervil 
vette and are diffolyeth Swellings in any part ofthe body, andtaketha- 
way black and blew markes happening by brsifes or blowes, ina ‘ort fpace, and 
alfo eafeth the Collick and paine of the belly, Both Diofcorides ind Galen do fay y 
chat Seandix ot Shepherds-Needle is good both for the Stomack and Belly being 
either eaten raw or boiled: Being made into’ drink and taken, ir is good forthe 
Geib d feafes before mentioned, as allo for the Liver, and bixdeth aloole — 
( ith Vinegs epiefently fayeth the Hicker, and ufed 
: are bent, wich ire, Pliny faich chat — 

‘with Mall Sikes! oh eae i Tes | 
wi fed ane 

: ~ . oe be : T 
; il - 220 WR 

kd 6 xed sins Barina Baagalis eden b 
ri ‘commonly growing the Wace and 

sep re rxobe: 

Se le aoe 

— the Paradifeof' N ant . | 368 

persel: 3, Fhe ereacer Water Parfnep. 9. 9. The lefler Water Parfnep. to: 
Another Water Parlnep with Ra Leayes, ‘ti, The quick or impatient 



t The PL, . eee ee ce 

. } 

Common ieadeinmuig Saiie eahy flat chick fratkes , which are round, 
parted into divers branches 5 having on\them thick imooth and broad pay A 
jomwvhat like unto tliofe of wa os but of a ah Tee colour meg fet oral cou- 

“ples upon..the ftalkes + 0 WETS. STOW: 
which rhrukt chemfelves me BLY Bmp 
not uniike in forme toche bszise chen of sate 

round pointed Leaves a.peece; fhort 
"forme hath not beene obferved:, The 

ings aliens “aseitte be joynt.. van = eae fenta® ie sas aii 
s sige nee & oe gs! "The PL, ad Ties, ee ee a ee diy Aa 

F The three si and the fifth are often found in our own dane orowing in {mall 
ftanding Waters; the foxrth and feaventhin jermany inthe like places, che eight 
in Germany, the ninth i in dtipté pone, and, water dit -ches-of ur OW x 
ieee sce ee ound pth ws ling hey do all # 

ede kee aad Water Pimpernel az both of a moift faculty as cl ; 

: alabaie fay,dry. Water Parfaepi 1S alfo, of a heating faculty... ORE! 4 
e Wee Qe: Saaee eathgairri $ 3 ic? ie 29 
36-1 igs ‘The Signe an einen ager = 
Sy wp oft poL ods tye eit: 

rollius { faith thacPurflane which I apptopriate to ee hathit| 

the Reines, and I know nog why I may nor as Men fay ig Book atest 

Leaves are nor unlike thofe of the formers may have the fam 

all Authorsthac write of ir fay,-that it is.very effectuall co: bre 

- Reines and Bladder, and to pafle it away by Urine, whichat pr 

fopped, co helpe the Strangury, aol the inward Scabs of the Bladder, the Leaves 

* ‘ffamped and trained, and the’ juice given todrinkin Wine, Ithelpeth . 

: fikewile to rose Yama Con, ; “znd to ere pmo Birth, bs ands very 


| “and the te Defy. “The Leaves boiled and ftamped in 
- a of — mee nari of Marth Ma 

366 —_(s ct ahdaantiden:'O7,, 
fers i “CHAP. CCxxxil, . 
OF the Havy thorne. 


ix being hick Ciclo — igor concerning chert true Greet aitieot 
his Shrub , I hall not undertake to decide ir, but’ paile i it by without giving it 
‘The Larine name hath alfo beenein di'putation ;” but the mot Judicions, 

‘of onnee hater Sree derermined that the Spive appendix Plinii, which he tom- * 
_ times calleth Spiza fimply.can be no other then this Haw-thorne which is called — 
alfoin Englith Hedg-thorne, White-thorne, May, and May bulh, becaufe our 
ci at ry fore commonly fc flowreth in Afzy , never aes sien {omtimes before, 

Sp geek oon => roots ss 

Kade ys aeeosihtal bie with ob cpeearrse now ycerete dace ta 

“ken.notice of, 1. The ordinary Haw-thoyne, 2, The low Haw-thorne, 3.Enge 

lands Hay-thorne » whichis in all parts like the common fort,but that ic flow- 
reth twice ina yeare, to Hie great admiration se fome wile and judicions | nae Gy 

7 Some: of the Gardens ofchofe thar love rarities 

nar land 5 obs Bages = uethereot is 


- The Signatures ‘id Ve erties. 

The powder of the Berriesor the feeds ii the Berries being givento drink in 
Wine, is gen:rally held to be a fingular good Remedy againtt the Stoae, which 
is fi ‘gnified by the Stones or feeds Aen they cheifely conti of, and fo it i¢ re- 
ported to be goodfor the Drep{y The flowers fieeped three dayes in Wine, and 
afrerwards diftilled in Glafle, and che waterthereot drunk, isa Soveraisn Res 
medy tor the ‘Plesrify, and for inward cormenting paines, fuch as thofe of the 
Scone are, which is alfo fguified by che prickles that grow on ‘this: Tree, 
The water of the Fiowers dittilled after the ordinary wa jbayerb the Flux or 
Lask, ot the beily : the feeds cleared trom the down, bruifed and boiled in 
wine and drunk, oacionbart alfo the fameeffe&. The: aid diftilled water of 
the Flowers is not onely cooling but drawing alfo, for itis found by good expe- 
rience, thacif Cloathes and Spunges be wer inthe {aid water, and applyed to 
any place whereinto thornes, plinters, &c. have entered and be there abiding , 
ic will notably draw chem forth, fo. char the Thorxe'gives a medicine for its own 
pricking, asmany other things befides do, if they were colesvecds The Bark 
ttamped with Red Wine, and tryed with Boares greafe and aj 1 hot, worket 
theettest beforé mentioned.’ “The rapes 2 the beft ance that ma 

the Swineheards do beat them down rt ‘ ie Woo many convenient 
sles as making of Mounds, © “fyouwonld aves | fieiay Monies plane the Setts; 

ifadead one, make a hedge wich them, and ir will out laft two that is made 
of any other wood; & though it be troublefome to Jay on the fire,yet it will burnt 

ecelient wellyanid lait longeftof ‘any fewel, a the > ae 

~cuar. cownxun, moan 
OF the Lemion-Tree, 

368 | or in Eden, OR 4 

attain to the bignefie *; that in frente Countries 5 the branches ate armed with. 
long and ereenith thornes, the Leaves are long and fomew hat hike unto that fore. i 
of the Bay-tree Leaves, which is commonly called the Lawrell, dented abour 
the'edges; with a fhew of very {mall holes in them, but leflethenthe Ofence ‘ 
Leaves have, of avery zoodfent'; the flowers srow at the Leaves all along gthe 
branclies, being fomewhat longer t then thole of the Orenge, madeof five thick 
white Leaves. with fome threds in the middle, and of afweet fentalfo: the frit 

- ghat followeth,i is fomewhat long and round,with a paller yellow tind,the Orenge ~ 
or Citron, fomewhat uneven or rugged, fomewhat bitter in taftbut of a fiver 
Smell :; the ,pulpe: is white and leffer i in. quantity then-eirher of the other, inthe 
middle whereof iscontaineda more {oft {pungy pulpe,fullpalp of fower?jnyce, it 
hath fuch like feed asthe Cicron amongft it, but {mallerand somewhat longer’, * 

if itbeheedh is mated, thoughitheymay feeme bags alike anfial Gehry sain 

cee Bact \ 3 : : ‘pani. 

The Placesand'Time, a pedal sottoft 4 

ine is the place mshich lieeuee sibs Lemmons, yet we aires fome of. bi oe 
Trees gFowing tour own Land, as at Zion houle by:Braisford, Wimbleton 
houfe. in the County of Surrey, -- The Trees in$ pain are feldomfeen without 
* ripe fruit, and-half. ripe, and {mall young and green, i and bloffomes all at. onte;. 
and spe with us shave ck the fame but notio frequently ae are alwaies greeny gies 

7. a. 

Ti te Te Temperavnre pakke Ae ie oa Be 

: “ures ‘for hie rind 18 basi in the fh der = S 
ere lg in the Beeps egies - o: 

oie to accompany It,, atone: an Ounce 
_‘gnripe Lemmons beifig taken with 2 litdlé Malinefy | 
, _ Stone out of the Kidneys. Orif the party grieved do but drir : juyce of L 
% snext his hearcieaimiocning Cheek Gish at weR he thal find it of gool 
2 and es ic would do no body elfe any great harm,) if he take icin oy 
. White or-Rhenith wine with: ‘Sugar, and(o-it: frrengtheneth the he 

d bead, sett iy @) vellerh Melancholy, andionicesls Soe 

“ditulled each rea irate fem E 

‘h wer : i 7 
or fubftance ns pr httrines-breaketh and ex et ) the Sars. 
ing all Freckles, Spors, and other marks inthe 

gc Orman, 5 punthabe ty sh ipeh othe reing) Sonbsrard. abbey LE 
d Seconeie; of; cho Scotts ps ier maa Sawees; veh oe e 
sxcellencselifh, anddoth orrestche, PDA: a nn heote 


~~ The Paradafeof Plants. “sr y 

come ns taking Tobacco or otherwile, efpecially if ic ‘be dryed. Tc miay fafely be 
uled coall purpofeswhick the rindof theCitron is, coming fomewhat near 10 
ic in properties, thoughin a weaker degree. The feeds of thele are likewite 
almoitas effetuail, astholeof Citrons ro preferve the Meare and Vital Spirits 
from poyfon, to refilt the safettion of the Plague or Poxes, or aity other conta- 
gious dileafe,co kill the wormes in the Stomack, provoke womens courfes, caule 
abortion, having a digetting and drying quality, fit to dry up and confume nyoift bun 
mors both inwardly in che body, an outwardly in any moi(t or running® apg! rs 
and Sores, The jnyce of the taid fruit is. very neceffary for Dyers, who {pend 
gnuch thereof in ftciking fundry dainty colours, which will never be well done 
without it sand is wed alto by Laundrefles to get Iron moaldes anda manner ‘of 
Staines out of the purelt Linnen, for which they find it veryeffeCtuall, » Though 
fome perhaps may cover after the fweete!? Lemmonsybecau'e they are more de 
licious, and cg paar one aah yet for any of the purpofes aforementione 
as alfo to make Lemmon Beer, the fowre Lemmon is:moit proper, being more 
cooling in a and operative for other bufinetfs, becaule itis more abfter- 

=; tue. 


The Names 

amo se ae tis ii Aas: at grow 
one sonic stink were formed by A: fom Crp, wo aicis aid 
prest Mhaltieadke OF the‘e trees do crow, Sone a 
woed, whereof the e4rke of Noah is faid to be made} we Vv 
Tree ; and indeed there isfome probability for it, 
ey fpdurablearietle ae Na 

* I 

. 37° 7 s Adam in Eden, Or, 

The Ferme, 

The Ordinary Cyprege Tree hath a long thick and firtight body, Whereupoa 
many {lender branches do grow, which do not {pread abroad likethe branches 
of other Trees, but grow up with the body, yet not equally, fo that ic imitatech 
the fathion of a Spire Steeple, being broad below eo cked towards the top: 
the body and armes are covered with a reddifh bark ; Eile are ever green, 
but lake much of their Verdure in winter, which ier next {pring reftoreth , 
being fomewhat long, flender and flattith round, parted very much, and fome- 
what relembling Savine, of a refnons fent and ftrong taft ; che flowers are {mall 
and yellow, growing here and there amongtt the boughes ; -atter which com- 
eth rhe fruit, which is clofe and hard at firth of arufler brown colour, but cloyen 
and opening into many parts when i “ is ripe, is which is conteined fmall brows. 
tinier * he root Setha.c aera Dut not very deep, 

The Places and Time, 

The frf# eroweth in ‘Eafe Countries, and in many of the Ifles of che Medi 
terranean Sea, as Rhodes, Candy, formerly called Creet, where it groweth very 
plentifully of ics own accord, bearing ripe fruic from September almott ali 
Winter, Thefecond by Jupiter Ammons Temple, and in other parts of Cyr, 
the laft in che Northern parts of eAmerica, {peake of the naturall places i 
there be but few that are ‘Tgnorant, how familiar they ale now in moti Gardens © 
about London, | 

=e : ie Sa che Opiate ie , | 
neither heat nor biting (harpneffe; yet by its adit IngeMcy, it doch Felals 
onfiam > sgn oa Ulcers, bape 

The Fert wet. = 

Ar) iin the ehird degree, 

andthe Haire wathed therewith, canfeth it to if the A 
em be mixed with rhe powder of sidan oe sad ine Opie of My 

: Marphew, freckles andor 
it Ra es of iz, The ieee fillings of che Wood, catea é 

— > 

‘The Rennie _ Plants. ii, - 


durable,fo free come corruption and soonionians it isnot hurt - rottennefle 
cobsvebs or any other infirmities that often Happen to other kinds of Wood.The 
Oyle wherein the frnic or Leaves have been fodden,doth firenethen che Stomack, 
Stayeth Vomiting , che flux of the belly or Lask =~ cureth the excoriation or g0- 
ing J offsof ie from the fare asi regio! 
a 2 ’ . Oe ee ee i 

1 P : — ‘atti 



of * NGO a ort » OF MeN. Nee 

Tis called in Greek xi}uandov Cotyledon from the likeneffe ic hath witha 
Sawceror Navel ; andtherefore the Latines do. not econly call it Cotyledon , 
or Umbilicus Veneris but Acetabalum alfo » whichfignifiesa Saweer, Itis 
A 21(0 call Scatums cali,Scutellum, Terra Umbilicus, Hortus Veneris, and Herba 
Coxendicum, In Englith Navel-wert of the Earth for itsfigure, Venus Navel- 
sort quia contetta genitalia nndat , et ad amatoria ytitur,. as Diofcorsdes faith . 
Hipwort , for that i ealeth the paines of the Hippes and other Joynts; : and Kid- 
ney-worr, becaufeit helpeth the Kidneys ; and Wall Pesuiresrsbaceal the 

, Leaves are as round as a Penny, andnot much broader; : 

x "To this Sid be re = chele five ARS ral iy Ccsaiel 
Wall penny-wort. 2, Spotted Kidney-wort or the Princes Feathers, 3, Smal 
<idney-w rah de Mh Pe apse is TS 

at ert eh, e 
d Lea Beg one bate py ent 
beach! carmen waved fomtimes about the edz 
fee came hollow on the upper fide 
among which one or more render fmooth hollow /falks a1 
melee cave’ cumapge not for 

. wiitith col ‘olour , after i oe he come {mall heads 
men feds mieten Olives a 

; ” Fes: dMoliiullar shed ro coole the painfulineffe of the Piles or Hemorrheidal | 

ere the Stowe, or exuiicerated within , with a deale of eafe ; ey 6 | it Bl i -c8 i 

372 ee ~ Adam pe Buen: Or, eS a. 

fomtimes rugged or - knobbed , erayifh ‘without > and ne within, bavi io 
many {mall fibres rherear. | B 

The Places and Time, 

The frft groweth plentifully in divers places of this Land as at Northampton} 
Briftol , Bath, and Oxford , e{pecially about Merton Colledge there, both with= 
ia and without, upon the old Garden Wall, that is next the feilds; andinos 
rher places upon mud wallesand amongft the {tones , and fomtimes about old 
Trees s the fecondin Portugall, the third and fourth upon the Rocky and Sto- 
ny places of the Switzers, and upon the hill called Hortus dei neere Mompelier: 
the /a/? in wet grounds Marfhes and Bogges, and patticularly in a Vale or Boose 
belonging to Stow-Wood neere Oxford, “The firft flowereth about the beginning 
of May, quickly perfecting its feed, andthen perifhing till September , about 
which time it {pringeth up atrefh, iad abideth a ‘Winter, the feconad abour the 
middle of Sie: the three next in June: and July, and their feed is ripe in Anguf, — 

The Temperatures 

Orly Navel-wort is moift and cold forhwhae fan and alitele bitter 3 
withall, whereby it cooleth, repelleth, cleanfeth, and difcuffeth;the other forts are 
held ah Reed and fomwhat more se except the /4f,, which i is berand Ess 
not to be ufe 7 

m~ nn 
AT Aes. 

lite Wine, Is sof very great operation ‘Shee fore’ 6 

Urine, and is available for the Droply, helpeth to break the fone as alio to 2 
coole thiofe parts that are inflamed by the paines thereof, and to cafe the’ wring- 
ing paines of the Bowells, and the bloody-Flux. Some fay thar Rootes and 
Leaves eaten, in fubftance work le effects aforefaid “andif I'fhot id fay they 
do it by Signature, Ithink it wouldbe 6 ate jogttine , ¢ Root hath the 
figure of the ftone , if you obferve it. The faid juice or Batted Water being 
drunk is very: effectuall for all inflammations and unnaturall heats,to coolea faints 
Z ack or a hot Liver , or the Bowells , as alfo for Pimples, Redneffe,St. 
and other outward inflammations, ifthe bruifed Herb be applyed — 
“or the ‘place bathed wit rthe juice , or the diftilled Warer rhereof 

Veines,the juice being ufedas a Bath uno them or made intoan’Oyntment ; Je 
-_isno leffe eqemiaait © troeafe the paines of she hot Gout and Sciatica, which i isa 
"i 16 ef aR SIs tie finan iis C2 Herba Sete of Mpa ie 


the Paradife of Plants. | 373 
Of Kidney-Beanes. 

The Names, 

Tis called by Diofcorides cuirak xytdse » which is the fame with Smilase ber- 
tenfis in Latine , quod Smilacis modo confeendit , becaufe it climbes like a 
Bind-weed; by Theophrattus and others Acary 3¢, or as tome write Aonuxds Do- 
lichus or Doliens, which many Latine Authors alio follow ; of fome 
noes and abGior, becauleoftheirlength, It is thought alfoco be the " partons of 
Diofcorides, of as Galen wriceth it eacnoasss whence ig is chat it is called Phafiolws 
and Phafeolns in Lacine, Iris called the Kidney-Beane in Englifh, becaufe ic 
reprelenteth a Kidney; and the French-Beane, being, as it is very probable, 
bronght over to us out of France, ; ri 

The Kinds, 

Of che many fresher fal rouble you Soe ae 

_ Kidney Beane. | Kideey-Beane, 3. — 

Bette, hon eae 
| The Form, 

| ithe Frese or Sica rifeth up atthe firt, but with one Sealke; which 
“afterwards divideth it felfe into divers branches, which arefo weake that they 
will lye upon the ground, unleffe chey are fuftained with flicks or poles, where- 
‘on with their winding and Cla(pers they cake hold; upon thefe branches grow 
FT civil Hapa aang orally ; fpich every pkdvcsichesehesmaiaeae 
and pointed greene Leaves at the end of them , towards th: tops whereof come 
forth divers flowers, made like unto Peale Bloffomes ,. of the fame colour forthe 
moft part that the fruit willbe of ; chat is to fay, either white or yellow, o 
redor blackith, or of a deepe purple, buc whice is themoftufuall- after whi 
come long and | read tap tabaaiats ier cameras oy witha ftring 
potas ese. 7 eps thereof, wherein are contained flattith round” 
feedimade tothe : Kidneys the roor is | , and {preadeth with ma- 
ee ee fhin either before ot wi che fi rots “a 

lace or not edayssbciammasbyiaes? apt ra : z a ural 
cecil i tpl aemay noxbe che ara 

were endleffe to recite, “They ma 5 : m 
SEE et ect te cd oh 


c. id 3 Pe ie ao AP in the dt, 
from th Windies» eaalit asia teas 

Mim ms 

374 __vwdidamanBllen,Or,\ 

Whe Pertues and Signature, 

Though there be no other Vertues tending: tovour prefent purpo’e exprefied 
by any Author, then that this Beane eaten: with its hells as the common manner 
is, do provoke Lirine , yet having io perfect a Signature of the Kianeys as it hath, 
it is conceived that it hath more in itebento, And thereiore it 1s dered of chole 
that are Praétitioners in Phyfick , and others that have oc-afion , totake it into 
_coniiderationyand to try whether i it hath not Jome excelient faculty to cure the 
edilcates, soi the Kidneys, . It.allomoveth the Belly , enlargeth the brea? whichis 

d wirhthortneffe of breath, engendreth: Sperme, and inciteth to Vene- 
orpeeipecialiy it Sogats Ginger and Galanga be added therennco ; yetthe wfvall 
saway.oLeating themds'totake them whilethey-areyoung’, and boile them fhells 
‘anal catiiy che ends cut off, and thefirings taken: from them’y and then put- 

wealictle Butter and Vinegar to them). theymake'a dainty difh, farreexceeding 

¢: Ordinary Javonns or ifthis way be not fo sielbue tofomemens 
lates, they may be ftewed or fryed. Matthialus faithychac if the ereene podsbe 
che wed in ones mouth , and applyed to any place chat is bitten bya an Horie, itis 
a prefent Remedy: he faith further thatthe Jralian Dames make a Water ofthe 
pods and feeds of thefe Beanes, with a frefhGourd, crummes of Bread and 
Goates Milk pifilled together, which they ufed, romake themifelves look faire 
and amiable, At is faid ‘that the fit catled Scaruse (which is fomwhat like’ Bar- 
bell) is (o much delighted with the Leaves of Kidney Beanes that though they 
are very difficult to be taken with a hooke and line , yet if their Weeles or Bow- — 
nets be be eae sone Saisie an into them, and it is probable thar 
er fifh would ay “ , if es pede terol Since the writing 

ft ono o3eG es 

yi 943 2 “OF = 

. werd 

2. ano sm 
aims JOU i ae Bree Sar 


The Pentileep? Plans. ce: Ie 

“The Kindsy! i i 
i a ibike tlkttecbe no greit cidifetencs of oiuieti nm, cin etic wind 
tryes they vary fo much , as tomake five dittin® pri ; areal Otily name 

unco you. » 1, The broad Leafed Oake. »2, The ttrong Or Gall Oakey sf The 

siveet Oake,: ist The male ister Oake. °5. Tie feinald bitter" Oakey: ga hs 
; | . . Of ar 
: : 3810 455 The Forti, vt eri = uy Wea “Saa . 

 TheOskisa aitep Tres, deuce with: a chick some Bark fall of Pipe ti sid 
lifts, iending forch armes.and bonghes of a huge bigneiles which ditperfe rhem= 
felves farce abroad ; the Leaves are bluntly indented about the edges » OF rather | 
cut in or gathed, fmoorh and of a fhiniag greene colour, whereon is often 
founda moit {weet dew , fomwhat clammy, and upon divers of them are found 
growing certaine exerelcences Hed Oske wpples. It bearechfimall yellowith 
mofly flowers, ftanding clole te fs uy upon long ftalks, which wholly fall away in 
the beginning of the Spring, "Fhe Acornes grow upon fhort ‘talks, rwo or three 
for the moft part joyned cozether whol le outer. rind or skin is of a yellowith green 
colour , the lower part whereof standech in a fonall i Sort aie oo oa 
nell "at searing rte be reafonabie Vis: = 

The Places and Pie, ; a ih 925 sont vaige sid 

The fer? is chat of our own Land , pyexbarithers are ihote frednent ia Italy, 
ae: and orhee lite Clicnates, “Their Jong Catkins or so come forth 


The Letves and Bark of the Oake and the Pee Say Penta dry 

very much, and are fomwhat cold wichalt, Dut the ae themfelves are 
ee | 

the biting of blood , a 
det of 1 ‘Cuipsywehich an 
es coh 

ingling the Mother and the Bruiled Leaves = up wounds and keep 1 head oe 

from Inflammation, The diftilled, water, of the Buds is alfo 200d to flay 

all manner of Fluxes in Man or Woman, to coole the Body in peltilentiall and % 

hor burning Feavers;tor it refifteth the force of the infeAtion : as-alforocoolé the 
heat of the Liver, break the Stove and in the Kidneys, {tay Womens Courfes, and 

to aflwage.all manner of Inflammations, being nled inwardly or outwardly ; and i 

the dec -ostion of the Leaves doth the like. The water thatis foundin. hollow 
places of old Okes is very effeétuall ag again(t any foule or (preading Scab, Though 

the Acornes were formerly ufed for food, yet our Age being able ro fubit 2 : 

rake age I fhall leave them for the Hoggs to feed upon, — 

bee So os sigue BA ~~ Pahtaa ee Or ann ere a cee PO ct coe, aes 
F et 


Of Bucks-borne P fa lantaine. | 

The Nariel ERACT POL: 

T is called in’ Greek xopavtarus Coronopus, from the fmilitude % it sah 
with the foor of aCrew, whichname the Latines do hold, ‘as alfo Corn 


cervi or cerviunm,and Heyba fella; both of them’from the pofture of the 

» Leaves. - It is called Sanguinaria Or Sanguinalis , and Harenaria - ; the ff 
3 ing blood, andthe /a# from the place of irs ‘eto , 

25 eS Plantaine, 
The Kinds, 

The forts hereof, though growing in different Critcacets i inay, 5 wansnee ‘ . 

trepane — Plantain = 

i eee + 
ere. &; an ‘ 
Atk * rs 

bee ° 

- A 

ing any great {quare, be brought within the compaffe of one Chaprer, and thet 
ee tocall Fifomné will be but fives 1. ¢ pore car nae Plantaine,2. Price 

ly Bucks-horne, 3. Smalt Sea-Bue 
neg ze Upright and creeping Bucks-horne or Wart-Crefles, 

<The bers 3 3 
“Common . Sauce Plantaine, nifeth up ‘at firft wich {mall, icdaias narrom! 
Leaves like G ; without a ydivition or gafh in them ; 

: es, and poinced atthe ends, fefembling che Kaaggs of a Se as 

a a ike, unto thofe of the common: Plantaine, having fuch lik 

- The Places and Tie, 

" pte esciny thofe chac now she Phill eof 

of Waples, 4. The fmal! od ne 

odes the rear is fingle, long, and = with sre Be | : 

SS ~ wes monies sigs : 
The ff lay grometh in in ay andy sro Park, on acto aS La 
=i thence to Ektham, and indivers’ others'places: 0 atte 
it in. ae 

2 ea Birt 

es the Paradileof Plants. 377 

of this Country,. where it groweth not naturally, yer I have not known i it eaten 

as a Sallet herb any where with us, though in Jtaly and France, it is fre- 
tlyfouled. The fecoudg eroweth on the rocks in the Ifland Prochyra, The 

ind in many untilledg crounds in the Kingdom, of Naples, near the Sea fide ; 
The aft eroweth in moilt Countries of ‘this Land, on the toot bankes and under 

Walls and by high way fides, efpecially in thofe ‘places where Hoggs frequent 
arifing as is {uppofed of their aus g, whichas the Reafon why 1 ea a: 
renaria and Swines creffe. They afl ower and feed i in ny fammer Monthes , 

their grees heabes abiding ali hewiwats z sft] 1S BEST) 

con y cy 3 e 17 ts 

tthe Temperature, Lf 

Backs heroes of sbindnscoing and drying aly asthe Common oto 
Plantaine i 1Gs =. 


“The Vertnes and Signarare, rere , 

Bucks-horne Plaster, boyled in \ wine and drunk, is very effedtuall to , help 
thofe- chat are troubled with the Stone in the Reines or Kidneys, not that ir esr 
eth che Stone or expellech it, but by so0ki the Heat of - the wes ae tren 
ening the Reines and Back. It ftayet birriecs erent eruptions 0 
whether at the Afouth or Nofe, whethe or Uris 
of the ieee an ae Dy fen sical 
tpale that bs VE weak,st0 g Cl $5 that a. areio n r ‘omiting, 

cannot rete Meat ; ane ee et oat me | 
rb wally, "The faid decoction drunk, and fome of the Leaves applyedto 
pe isan excellent!Remedy for ‘the biting of the Viper or Adder y 
aig is fuppofedto. be one and the fame, ds belpess-tpole shy 2 troubled 
with the Collick., andis held:profitable for Agues OM 
ee aes she RENCE: being: 

given fort fome Poning os ond acne together, ftayeth the Dipsbasie a 7 hoe 
and harp Rheums falling} into the Eyes fromthe Heed, and helpeth all manner 
of accidents thas. happen tothe Eyes, ;. Warr Crefles,. wich eca rine 

FE Ferre csigpssea ae f 
; hand, will confume and take a 

ifec stale and“{o it Roca 
hich are the fo) 

: . 

ee Adam in Bden,Or, Sa 

Of Sampire. 
he Names, 

T iscalled in Greek xeifuer or xeifeuey, and fometimes xeeQucr, Crithmosm 

which is the ufuall Latin name alfo;yet PetrusCrefcentins calleth it Cret 

and Rincum marinum, is alfo called Feniculum marinum, which name the 
Ttalsans and French follow, as neer as their Dialect will permit ;infhops Crete 
marina, efpecially beyond Sea, In Englifh Sampier and Sampire, becaule it 

grows upon rocks ; and Sea Fennell, becanfe it aps piat refembles our — a 

‘The Kinds, 

To this kind may foe heferved thle fons t, ‘Ordinary Rock Sampire, 27 a 
The greater Rock: Sampire, 3, Thorny. Sampire or Sea ne 4, Golden ses 

Flowered Sampire, 
The Forme, 

“Ordinary Rock. Sampre croweth up with scesiorotede alk, not shi & . 
pale 3 a or ewe foot hig nigh at Which mip, branching forth almoft vine ; 

bigger then Fennell, yet fomewhat alike: the roor is great white and long, com 

rinning gmany yeares, andis both of a beignealte and d pleafant fell andtats ow 

their ste afterwards emer age Se ee a s 
ae ce likewife upon Rocks that are moiftened, if not fomeimes 
_ overflown with the Seawater. The third, near the Sea upon thefands becwee® 
_ Whirftable, and the Ifle of Thanet, by Sandwich, and by the Sea near VVeftchefier- 
_ The /af in the miry Marfh in th Jfle of Shepey, by the way fom che Pee : 

. Sherland houfe, Rock Sampire flourifheth in May and June, and muft 

of Ful: 
lag. ae “The Temper atare: 

"The Vertes, 

sof aie Stone, and voiding of Gravell in the Reines 

fralks A acer lof esp of a plcaiaar torr fetes ; atthe ae se 4 
ftalkes and branches ftand Limbells of white flowers 8 after them come laigefeed a 

red cobe keptin pickle inthe beignning of Angu/t, They all flower sited e 
ce nceiye cob bt and dy inthe, fecond degree : * 

3 ‘Of all the Sawces *ahihaees many, chereiei sicegie i pleafant, 086 
fo familiar an to mans ie per both for a io of Meates 5 

my oa 

voketh Urine. Ato, and Womens ee and prevailes againit the Jannd { fe. ‘chia 
Leaves, teeds, and Roots being boiled in Witte. and drunk >and io it openeth the 
Obiiruétions ofthe Liver and Spieene,and ali other itoppingsof the incralis whac= 
foever, from whence and from ul digettion, mo: of the disea‘es wherewnto the 
fraile Nature of man is{ubject, are canted; fo thar ir is grear eat pitty, thatit isno 

| moreih ule. cis very pleafant b both to the ‘Tafte and Stomac y not only by the 
” Saltne (fe but by che Spicyneffe in it likewiie, clmer'y it is very available to whet a 
dull Stomack, tis eaten raw as weil as boyied bythol!e which ‘ive where ir 
gtowes; but che beit way is to boile ic in warer till ic be render, andrhen pickied 
up in a Barreil with a convenient Liquor made of Vinegar, Water, and Sait, it 
wii! be fr for ones Own occaiions at any time, or to “Prefent to a freind as ulu- 

ally itis, or to arash 

sate " oo é é 
rT? 1 4 , a a ——— — 
“s - 7 i *s ee a | 


OF Froxinelas or i Relfe: vie, etait ” 

Fraxina humilis , or the low or divarte A: hh. becaule of the refemblance of 

its wineed Leaves to thofe ot che young Ath, andcherétore it is called ut 
> Latine Fraxinclla, be cing a dimimutive of Fraxinus: Yer fome. do, aia 

‘Dittamus albas or Dittamnus albus, and 2: premati alley adiftingm(h it from 

the D canmus Creticus, whichsa farre diftering Plant. Some would have it to : 
be [ragium of Dia{corides , buc beiides ocher ‘Gifferences. at, yee! jut 
Milke as Tragiumis taid to doe; We in Englith do either. call ic Er. swineeaale: 
Bajtard Dttmy trom rhe Latine Wiliicus;,bcing galfoa ced ne Se ur ic is 

more properly tobe called Falfe white D'ttany thenBaftard 
is another Pianr towhich the nime ot Pfendo diftamnns oe more: pi 

oa Seciniene en Sear EO aid onfutio i 

a Se pariiena tet a: hie De an) men white 
Fiower 1. Fraxinella witha t Flower... 2. Fraxineiia, with.a ted Flos 
were Sige Fraxinelia with a white Flower, 4 eat keakca aa 

| | ‘The Forms 

Fractailsts oepOOBly Plant, ting up with divers round hard brownithi meres 

- ftalks neere two foot high, the lower parts whereof are furnifhedwith many 

: winged Leaves, | fomwhat like unto Liquorice ora {mall young Afh-Tree, conii 

i eebiciven, nine or eleavert Leaves {et tozether, which are omwhat larg 

hard and rough in handling; chetwo firit ofa darke, but the two ki 

frethe pets feta colour, and of an unpleafant itrong or re‘inousfenc ; a 

Se one pike fa: 

“ diftances one above another, coniiting of five iong Leave 

ee chad fland on the two fides are fomivhat upwards,and che ift | 
——— SS. ee qaving in th 


j80  AdaminEden,Or, 

etaffell of iat ot fix long rhreds that bow down with the lower Leafe inde ture 
up alfo the ends againe with a little freefe or thrum ac the end of every one; after 
the flowers are paft,arife hard, flffe, rough, clammy husks , horned or pointed ax 
_ the end, foure or five fanding together fomwhat like the feed Veflels of Colum- 
bines, but greater,thicker,and harder, wherein 1s contained round, fhining, black 
feed; yreacer then afly Columbine feed by much ; the root is white, large and 
{preading many waies under ground , if it fland long; the whole Plast : ismorg | 
pleafance to >ehe fight then to oe fell, 


The Places and Times 7 =e a ae 

‘The naturall places ofthe forts aforenuenisened are in-divens parts both of 

Germany, and Italy ; and that with the white flower,abont Frazk-ford: yet they — 

rus in our Gardens,as in the Phyfick Gardens at Oxford, and that zt 

We eftminfter andi in the Gardens of divers others that are delighted with rarities of 
chis Natures . a flower in ~_ and ———_ their feed is ripe in Angi 

The Root of Fraxinella or the falfe white Dittany is hot as dave in the focomge 
Segtee itis of a wafting, attennating, and Bote faculty. 

pO. Sank ce 
-', dram ortwo ce powder of che roots of Fresnel taken in wine or broth, . 
_ fs very'muc cence againft the Strangury , provoketh Mrine, breaketh the 

Stone in the Bladder, and driveth it forth, and (o doth the the quan> : 
tiryofadram, The fame are very effeétuall to open obftrnttiens, co bring down - a 
Womens Courfes > andto clone chat which is foule and contagious. It isalfoa 
great prefervative both againit Peyfon and the Venome of Serpents, andothet 
Poyfonfu Crenrares, and againft the fattversamaoesis ei — 

_ 4sgoodto kill che Wormes of the belly. armeth and, cleanfeth the awatrity — 
= serie the dead Childs and Afier- buch , tthe he part De awich at and 
-‘Penniroyall, or raken in Wine: ireafeth the paines or torments Fin the ing 
yy oa Us, and healeth inward hurts , and wonnds :itis much commended — 

a the. lepfy or falling ficknefle, and other cold griefes ofthe head and — 
nid 1s hel robe of great nfe againtt he Frenchdifeafe,-xo leit withthe — 
Lo@ion Of Guaicum or Pock-wood, ‘The Leaves and the jutcethereofrakea 
tet the fare fort worketh the fame effects , though not gore ae 

duces sor icdeayreh: Thornes and § sourofthe 

“the Paradife of Plants. | “381 

raraalleege Of eAllheale. 
yi ins. Weert The Names, 

Tis eallied sth Cheech incaonted h ordre Posstlcon Bansobeaniei itisa Paice: 

or remedy for many difeales which namesate in ixfe‘alfo amongit the Latins, . 

Some call it Panax Herculeum, fuppofing Hercules cobe the firtt founder of 

a ic, burorhers would rather have it PazaxHeracleum from Heracleaa Citty 

in Candy : and thongh the name Panaxris-seferred to, many plants as Oviganum 

Sylvefire.Centanrinm magnum, &c. yettorhis.onely #47 eoxls, Ics called'in» 
Bagi Speen CR ape Hercules Wound wort, sand ates Reply 

The Kindes. 

| “To this Kind may be referred thele feaven forts, i, Ordinary ec Her: 
cnles, 2, The crue. Allheale of Hercules, 3 Aovinasbiiiete of Her 
Cinppofedso he sheanes iferwort) with fhining Leaves, , 

heale, 5. The Hi (BREE neale or £4 rcs wes, O, Ths Clutter | 
of tL fo Sweet fenced All [ithe cn tsissext oe 

. The Ferme, 

ad So 

Percale: Wound wort f) fpreadeth many large winged Leave s r6und about. 
the ground, moit of chem two foot long, confifting o five; ot fix. couples 
of rough winged Leaves, fet one spiniie ther, ona round great foor-ftalk', 
furrowed on ‘the fide, each of them likewile confifiing of three er four. 
oupie of rough ee. frefh yellowith green Leaves, andoneatthe- 
end ; all ofthem finely dented about the Edges, taiting a little - hecan bing, 
and yeilding forth a pallet juyce in the Summer,called Opopanax,minch m 
gummy, hot, and bitter then the Leaves ; frem which tifeth a trong great re 
green fta/k,, four or five foot high or more, with fome j cs and batts thc 
and a few branches somards the! top, breaking forth into {mall yellow umbels of 

, Which aff oie a fla: fhort. st “The oot is { 
ne into the ground : mire ) P : seek 

ee Seis 1 Ssoiae: 
grow Mer ape pe ee at Oxford, and doth till, if fy bc ai al~« 

{o at the Phyfick. Garden at Weftmnifter, andin {ome other Gardens, The fe-: 
cond groweth in Naplessas Marrhiolus{aich, on the Apensine-bills alfo and the = 
Sea Coafts by Siena. Thethirdcam2 from eAmericayrs the name ofit i des 
The fourth,as Marthiolus {aich groweth on Mount Garganusin Apslia, ‘The. eo 
fifthin Tartaria and Hungaria, The two laf in America, Theyall owerand = 

feedin che end of ‘Summer. : : _sae he 

me The Temperature, 

. whichisof greatett ule, is hot in the #h dd 
in the fecon being of aheating, Sere Weds bein 
the reer is heating and drying likewite, but in a meaner d Ln 
. Rd ser 

| Naps gee The 

jst Adam in Eden; Or, 

The Vertues, Sez 

~The jayee or Gum of Allhegle wwhichitis called in fhops,and of many writter. 
alfo, Opspazax being drunk in honeyed Water-or W ine shelpeth the Itchings, an 
fores in the Bladder, and is good tor the Strangury alfo, and difficulty in making / 
water, It is endued witha fpecjalh property allo topnrge thick and clammy. 
‘Phlegme \romthe more remote parts, as the Braime, Nerves , fenfitive parts 
jopmis, anid breajts jand therefOreivis proticableforany cold difeafe incident 16 aa 
of thoié parts, asimche Palfyy weakneffe of fight,ald Cough; (horcnelfe of beat 
Svistieayand im otberkinds of Gout, It is good: for Convulfiusiand “Cramps 
as al{o againit- Wadine fein the Sides, Belly, Womb, or in any other places: andy 
therefore it helpeth Stitches, clicharcnefle of the Spleene, the frangling of the! 
Mother, bringeth down ¥¥ omens: Courfes.; and brings away alfo the Afola of’ 
Lumpe- of fitih bredinthe Womb. - deexpellethwarmes,-helpech the biting of 
a Adad Dogge, and is good againit the poyfon of other yenemous Creat 
Diffolved in Wine and given, ichelpsthe Drop!y; and taken in Vinegar, 
hour before the Fit cometh, it cakes away the.cold Fit of an Ague, elpeciall 
fome'ofoit be diffol ved with the juyceot Smallage and Oyle of Dill, and 

ridge of the back annointed therewith. It is go0d alter falls and braifesto 
any congealed bloodeipecially in Cold bodies, anid where no-Peaver is, 
— diffolved with Viniegar& the juyce of Smallages& appiyed to the ‘Region of 
Spleen fofteneth the hardnefs ot itj8 4 plaiftere made théreof diffolveth on a 
Evill, and hard Nodes of the Joynts,as alfo any Plague fore, botch, ot Bile, ee 
fr ledbearion in Vinegar & applyed with the pu.p of Raifins in che Sun 
5 ale uth be wafhed with a decoétion of Vine= 



for she 

Bs buch commended for t 

but ed to the Gutts, which Are 
From Bitoni, ond A , es 
and eXpnlfion of the Exctements,andbecawfe 
>Gutts, asthe Cholick, Wermes,&C. Ex- 
jar ions, Dyfenreries; SC, I fball fpeake of thofe Simples which make for a 


_ the! Paradife afte. 383 

3 OF the Bay Tree. 
Sr bas cud Shot ai see oe ao ae Names 

11; is called in Geek: 4 mn pg atts ca 
nothing doth more crackle or caked noile then itsinLatin LZ, " 
will pees tocome from ri id elt, pee faying, that i Sic ent 
the blood;. orhers.2verba. Laudis, becaule. it was, given © exsholen at 
were pri 2 Ww. god shessiore i Decne niente burfinceche de 
fetes i Past bin put in@tead thereof, .fochat now itis aswell ' 
Laureaas iene > ae the later be more common, isin: called 
Sart, Ganesan Bacca, Lauri,in Lagi — i 

re ae whi See emme Ligier ea oma are pete Wiha dark 
the Leaves ate fomewhac. broad and long pointed asic were, at bothe 
hard, full of veines andfometimes crumpled on the Edges, of a dark a dark green co- 
— lop tsael ling orae what {weet but of sities tfjand slaerer tala the 

_ flowers grow ou tt together,which are fometimes of a whitifh green colour, and 

mes y : ofly, andturne into Berries tharare a little long as well 

und, whofe thell or ontermoft peele is green at the firtt,bue black | 
teoue contained an hard bitter kernell parting. inco.nwo pares the cages 
- Rea GPO RRS SE CERNE. ae a 

became The Places and Tims, Maas 0 rae i 

- None of thefe. Bayes grow. naturally in £ England, but ate either whatiy plantea oe 
with us, orelfe railed of Suckers, or by fowing the berries ; fothat we coe 
fixft and fecond many times growing in gardens, and Court yards 3 the fourth and ae 
fifth are. not fo common, yet they are tobe feen in the Gardens of fome that 
foverarities. The lalt is very frequent in our Lowden Gardens, The 
Place of the firft, is in divers places of Narboxe in eravts Spaine, and 
in other warmCountryes,where ic groweth very great,but ance ne: 
The J Rofe Bay oroweth alto. in /taly,Spaine, Greece,and many other pl: 

ne from C Rancinople atthe frit. The ft and fecend, lowe: 
fame time which is in May, yet har ty | 1¢ theirfruic all 
vember che time of thethird isnot expreffed;the feurth fourifhet 
_ SeMerch ys Pprpeaes ic Rontesh inDesema ‘er & I teria: 

Fuly ; che latt may flower in A447, and have ripe feed fruit in Angus or Sep. 
tember inthe hot Countryes, bucin this it doth net very ufually ower, much 
leffe frustifie, yet fomtimes it doth, i a 

2. The Temperature, 

The Berries and Leaves of the Bay-Tree, faith Galen, are het and dry, the Bere 
ries fomewhat exceeding the Leaves,-the bark ot the Root is lefle (harp and hor. : 
but more dry, being alfoendued with fome aftriction, 3 ee a 
A 8 2 iAatey 3 ; : a BERN RY ; — fh view helo | St } ae 
rae The eraey © ook Om Baob C ae 

‘awder of Bay Berries mixed with Honeyand taken'as' otherLobecs of 
inoMedicines aré,or-elfe taken in Raifins as Aloes and Wormileed fometimes 
aréyis an excellent’ Rémedy for chat difeafe called the Cholrck, whichis'acon- 
‘tinuall paffion of one of the great Guts called Co/oz, ‘after which followetha 
a difficulty of voyding the Excrements,and an exceeding torment'in thofe parts 
proceeding from Wind, Thefaid Powder taken after the fame manner is good 
again{t aConfumption, Straiten|fe of breath, andali other mfirmites of the breft, 
coming of Rhewme ;they \ikewile helpe the A@eagrim,and mightily expell wind 
 bothim young & oldzyet it is more frequently given by Wurfes to Children tocute 
them ot that gripine paine of the belly calledthe Frets, whichis nothing but 
wind 5. caufing them’ to be very unquiet ;° they provoke: Dine allo, 
are very effectuall for the Stone , as alfo to help ‘the ‘Vestofty 

indinefle of the Aether, andtokillthe wormes, They are agood As 
againit the bitings and {tingings of any Venxemous beafts, and again{t all 

| cklexand {uch like Compofitions. They watme ‘cold Stomach , alfocaule 
concoétion of raw humors, ftir upa decayed appetite, take away loathing of meat: 
open the flopping of the Liver and Spleene, bring down womens Courfes, cafe’ 
aipeedy delivery, and expell thé eAfrer-birth, {o that they are dangerous to D 
calerby Women that have not gone their full time; yet they afe good againl 
> €ramps,-and the drawing together of Sinewes, it the powder of ‘thembe take 
~-_4n- White Wine. Theoyle which is made of them,-or the juyce prefied out 0 
~ themscureth black and blew Markes that come by blowes,dige/Fing & wafting aw. 
aed blood, that is gatheredtovether in any piace: it taketh awa 
pheales inthe ‘skin, and helpeth the /tchal{o, e!pecially if a J 

Ae Sie oS. es 

heir Ornamentall ules they performe , the three La/P ferving ¢ ge : 
ifare of thofe, chat areraken with the raricy of them, and not ores 
char’ can learn, and therfeore I fhall fayno more of them. = ~~ 

The Paradif eof Plants. 
Of Holly. 

7 The Names 

I is called in Greek ésjle Agria by Theophraftns » arid feemeth to be denved 
from aypios insmitis, ve\ ferox, becaule of the abundance of prickles wherewith 
ic 1s comMOnly armed. Gazia,the i interpreter of Theophrastss,calles it Agquifoli. 
#m in Lacine, yet Agrifelium is 2 word no lefle, but-racher more in ufethen the 
former, as being fomwhat more agreeable, hough at beft it be bur a Mongreil 
empeile Aner sec id Holme and Hulver;ia Englih, ie 

The Kixds, 

= Sf pd ON Din hy Porm; 

poole emeeatect cas whereo fastioe oFT6 desheaekoen ee af 

leffer buthes, but inclining: rather to white, having under riilogtnre 

wvhire alio ; the Lezves are fer on the ttaiks and branches on fhort foot-taikes ? 
being fomvvhar broad, hardy thick, and eng. fmoorh, shining, Y raend hor ry tre! 

asia eee Doh i ih OU 

pond soowt) sec dams We tageprthe Laval; piles Sin sie Genet 
@ Leaves with tour thredsin the middle; ftanding about a greene nen 
which groweth to be {mall red berries,with a licrle Crown ¢ op. in which is 
contained four {mall three-comered feeds , wwich hard thelis,bur {weet ketniells 
ve eer toe Thereer goerh ep ; 

The Petra Time, ad 

MES Mele oi 

386 §  Adamin den, Or, 
) ee The Temperature, ad 

The Berries of Holly are hos and dry, and of thin parts helping to break Win he: 
_as Dodonaus {aith, BAR ; ey 


The Verties and § ignature, 


_. Ie will. not be amiffe in this placeto take notice ofthe different, nay cowprary 
Si and greene 

os beat they be dryed,as may be inftanced in Holly berries . ten or twelve = 

of which being frefh, and taken inwardly co help the Collick , purging alloby — 

eing drunkin. 

- me: 

ea SEEPS hue 
ne Ch . 
i aT al 
ee a 
: ger: 

to make his wife on 
therefore you may imagine th 

as de aie of Pa 387 

203 -best eds 10 etigg yabatul nt diswors wh sd3,2: bs t 221 yd boosiiah 
eS BEL fu Y (CHAR, COXLIT. Bhywohos: NI99M 2x20 71 oly 
2¥0S itwoll 12Y yiao steaariind 4 : ttud 

OF Famniper fist 1 coe “3 6 23 

“SNé SVsfii- ( 

Tis called in. Greekie pxeubes a ee cceurhis tape ]3 Huldpdy 
xevbesy, id-eff Badglu (aith the Erymologi(t, gsia ce pie pa > ans; {ukely 

it mutt be by Antiphrafis, for certainly cheré plane. that ha asamarecss 
parent Pricklesthen ir. Itis called in Lacine Juniperus, gsod j jwatores 
novellos fructus pariat, becanleit: brineeth forth new) fruit before the old be ripe , 
which wiil not be perfected in leffe then two yeares {pace. Some would have it 

come {rom wip Ignis, either uber of the Pyramicall-forme: Leate,.onbe- 
AN) as fome {ay, the Woodbein gkiridled.and raked up, in; cnn cepe HS 
te Scthat rhe Coals thereof-are very hor may begat ezed igor the reat wal ‘ 

* Pfalne 2 where aqueftion. being made, /7 V hat fhould be the POTS 
Tongue ? The -Anfwer tgs Arrowe of she ra gbito wc fs 0 of 
incimating chem co be chehptee/hotall 1 oF ba BSrales. as 
are called -¢épxevies in, Greeks and {onitimes<dpasubid'ng 4 
Baca Sesiaerivand Grane Janine aavishetoum sti . ag WOU 
ed roots is called Heraiaor Keraias a as oho Eniifall in 
the Springs alfo Lachryma sand Sandaregba, yer naar 
ter indo: F seonsebeeic is taken out.ot Mines ,.and wakind of Ofpmenr, 

eee . 
3 rayt yisv Jano: 4% | 

ee ~ i 2h Sf: j brain xe Tie Kinds, ) eqlah . states shessinns - zf 
bia I honidinge seamen tie, ibd ed ae Fm clo ti 

Common Jumpers ahd as eee anemone = June Riche 3 
Bian. Teniptins 1 An Niet Indian Parnes Barre JURE icf 

Juniper. TiO ontyy far as org ath alee are 7 
Eriol fif@16t bh _ The spokes oti in gapiea oni Wee ese ic 

Juni Jinfome jacana up ole ibe fay (pares Mer ‘aia 
i per. 
_ dieing che beige two, or three foo ek ah neere 
the ground, \ ksevost fonnecfubiance’ whicheare ealyer to ben 
jouaheskpan a-reddith bark w. ep cleayeth and salle 
saya mal ann oi iar Be Pe Seas 
fomew ‘tochofe Furfesyet. c= 
* dure, The flowers are very Small, yet may be po tobe ata vel Qw-Coloue 
by the duft thar fallech fron them, aitenwhich .come {miall giccne Berries, 1 
ripening fally rill ped ety lyaare,. whichichen will be fonaw Variniieiee 
Corne... Though the Juniper. Tree in hotcer Counts send 
tioned Gomycour fhcubsare.sins foundo.havean farreas Lean mac | 
onic: Lesy uae: smot tox to umened bas wiih 5 ££ O22 
Sltee 20) tg orisd mate isan plage” Z bus s 21svisH : 313 ¢ H> OF list 
ea5) > ieqays fyb a< od sy -efls apIIW} bis vr! tel peek 4s 
~“Fheefirtt J Germanys Teal 5] aime. y places of, Ke . phy 
siosin aren Cemapete, our-Lan anlar rant 610, Of 
ré, ip. the high, waies about Awerfasas Sek Beacons 
Backingbam|bire, it exceedeth. not the a lag ab nae eat ; 
alfoinmany.oeler places as. upon Finchly Commas, wichouc,High-Ga 
ecard prowernonthe Rocks and Stony-placesof che: 

cuirdon Monnt Taurus in Syria, as Belloztus : che place 3 Fasertl vs 5 A *- 
a: a QOoe : : eriiogd 

aS ang 

ee Fi a & 

ge ie endea, a 

deritood by its name, > the fift groweth in fundry parts of this Land, the fi ab aed pon 
the Rocks neere K ilmadough. ‘They flower commonly in the Spring about a i 
but the fift bringeth only yellowifh threds for flowers without any ny berries fie. 
ceeding ,the rett “perfect them aitest two setoartigns and one Winter , and nor tbe- 
tore, as Lhave already faid. ' 

The Témperathre, 

** Galen faith, that Jumiper is hot and dry, and hatin’ the thirddegréeés the Ber. 
vies are as hot, bur not altogether io cy the Gen is hor and dry it € 

ai agree > is aan faith, | 
“Theverines and Signature, : 

EO) Lyi = 
~deaebite rtcaietes Joniger bein boyled ‘in’ Wine or Honeyed Waterind 
drunk, is an effectual! rémedy for the Grping, attd ¥Vixdinese ofthis belly com- 

: eV Vind Chalick 5 but eipecially the Chimicall Oyle dkiies from 

ss, or the Wood; foure or fivé-drops thereof taken in a Morning in Broth 

or Beere, and'ten or'a ‘dozen’ of the ripe" berries ‘eaten every Morning fafting are 
good for the fame purpole;and the fame‘Oyles be very prevalent againitthe Jliack 
Affion, if the parts be anointéed*therewith.-The Leaves aid: young tender 
Sails, orthe jitice of them, or -of the berries, or the berries themfelves taken 
in Wine, are very effectuallagaingt the biting ot Vipers or Adder’, as alfo a0, againit 

the Plagne or’ Pefiten yorany other Jafettion or Poy fon : che fame alfo is Ofi- 

table againft the Serangurp, and Stopping of Urine; and is {o powertull againftthe 
Dropfy, that the very Ly eA Foriecr Peahiecheank; cures the difeafe ; 
Ix provokestbe Termes, ps the Kévebelas Berber, doa fxengehens the Stomach, — 
exceedingly ; The berries are good for the Cough, fhorsneffe of breath, ae 
femprion: Wink cat, Conunl fions arid Cramps: They give fate’ andj 

very Sto PP liens htaze, fifensthen the Braine, help the Aemdry tee) Z | ; 
dingly. and fortify the Sight by itrengthening the Optick Nerves, and are beniefi= tae 

cia}i to the other Sexes, as alio to the Heartsheing drunk in Wine or the decott- 
a eae in Pipecteser fo ree en excellent good for tnd verge 

dwith ete OFF ole 

d gut med thidrein. ; 
ht ge ber Hg 

or? eee Paes pe hae, { 
,neatetn t 
. by ~~ (t “ch 2 J _ 
ar Teers 
vl . 
+ Se rs Ee La er 
waive “ 

; resem oe, ae ic becanfe. 
} parece & peridesh eleege 

Way all Noifome Serperits, Flies) Vafpes 

Pb: ‘emabns Conrfes aMO; atid ter ! 
sand itech Wormer ee iI ThA! 

i all 


‘Lhe Paradileof Plants. 489 

Of the Olive-Trees 

The Nemes, 

teohcs - 

Tree is named in Greek "Aypieraia, xé]ivos, and d@iominh trata in Lacine Oleaster , 
Olea Silveftris, Cotinus and Olea eA shiopica, becaute it groweth very frequently 

a -Some have fet down ten forts of Olives, and fome againe have edu ed the we 

he Forme; 

© ‘ 

=e iif 2H ca Say ‘se G 251 Tits { s ~ : . % | > - hee ss , 
--cPhe manured Ol:ve-Tree groweth bigger or léffer according to the confticu= 

tion of the Climate, wherein it isshaving divers armes and branches full of thick, 
fazand fharp pointed Leaves , with fhort foorftalkes under them, greenifhabove 
and whitifhunderneath , fomwhat like unto rholé ofthe Willow but leffer and 
fhorter, yet never falling off the Tree,of a bitrer taft, and fomwhat tharp withall. 
berries greene at frft, changing pale afterwards , then parpith,and laflly black, 
teil a they are full ripe, wherein is an ‘hard fone: the Olives 

ee ‘cs ae 
“aire 02 hore 

ae ae 

(go dam in Eden, Or, 
; ~ The Vertues and Signat wes. 

Oyie Olive commonly called Sallet Oyle is,of ail-fimple Oyles, the moft excel- 
Jene (as being of gréateftufe,and'¢ommonly that which is prefcribed for Com- 
politions ) and that Excellency confifts as much in eafing and defending Gusrs, > 
as any thing whactoever, for whether it be uted inwardiy or outwardly, itis of 
great advantage tothem. For chole that aretroubled with the Chollick or Iliack 
Paffionss: i -may) be eaten with White bread im »-Sops- infead 
ot. Butter 4 ..and:io-it loofeneth. the Belly more than ‘Butter, bur if — 
chat wall not prevailecake ic withan equall quamizy of Rhenifh or White Wine 
_and drink.ic; or e-fe,it the tai of she Oyle cannot be endured,as:many timesic 
“cannot ,then make a: Glitier with, Wine and Oyle,, which being put np,is very 
‘e‘tectyalt.go-help the Paflionsasorelaid. . Raw. yarn,being boilediss Afhesiand 
-Oyie,and app'yss co. the Navel and Reines,or an handtuil of White Salt,boyled 
A La unt.of O yi€> andtwo, orthree. handtulls of black wooib dipped chereit, 
_ ‘and bound ber to the Navell and bottome of the Belly,workech thesame efteds, 
Iris mot exectuall againitali poyfor 
cerareand eat holes in the Gwrrs, incerpofing icielt and defending thembyits 
flippernefle, fo that che poy!on cannot work upon them; but maketh it pafle a- 
‘way wirhout any prejudice sand thergiore it is@common Remedy for thole thar 
have eaten Ratsbase, or any other deadly poyfox, to give them a draught ofOyle 
which not onely preferveth the Gagtsy Out the Stomack.alfo, if ic begornolow- 
er, caufing it ro be conveyed upwards or downwards : but there is not altege- 

' Sher -h, 

re. ‘The Oyle-ot w 
it be applyed wit 

ft are much given t 

_applyed outwardly: itis gor | 
‘the Eyes, tobe put into Collyr me,and to cleanfe the 
Eares from corruption, and {fo do the Leaves and juyce of the Weld Olive, whic a 

Sefectuall for all che purpofes&frefaid, The Warer that iffueth from oe 
Wood, when it is laid upon the fire, helpech to heale che fewrfeand fom 
the Heador elfewhere, The Olive Scones being burned are’ ag 

, bur-efpecially avaintt chofe that doexul- — “ 

the Paradife of ‘Plants. 39t 

the {aid purpoles, asalio tottay fouie ipreading Ulcers, and being mixed: with 
fat and meale, they take away the ruggednefie of the nailes. There be divers 
Virtues thacare reierred to the foot or dregs of Oile, but becaule they are noc 
commonly-co be had; I {hail omit them yas alfo thole of the Gum, becaule nei- 
_therot chem ate brought us now adayes as being grown out of ufe, I thall 
‘onely add concerning che Oyle a‘orefaid,thar a lictie of it drunk in warm Water, 
or a feather dipped therein, and put into che throat will procure an eae Vomit 
and withoundanger; andtome commend tour Spoonfulls of Oi e, snd as many 
of Sack forthe like purpofe. And for burning and (calding there is not the ike 
Remedy, a peece of Lawn being firlt fowed about the part, and Oy:e and Snovy- 
water jaid thereon, hte i: 


' ny a P 

_ OF (Coloquintida, or the Bitter Gourd. : 

‘ é 0:7: ae 
Fe age ae 

in Englith «Apple of Cole. 

eure: mrp eyes 

¢ = 

the i am 
Pea ae co ape 



“492 Adam in Eden,Or, 

= The Places and Time " 

_ The firff is {aid co grow naturally in Barbary,in thofe parts which ee Bid 
the (Mediterranean Sea, asal(o ehben: ‘the satel og aha Straights ac anon on 
_ Crux, and other places thereabouts ; buc chat whichwe have in “Shops isa Mer2 
chandife b rought. out of Syria, Egypt, and Arabia. where it is platived,! as se 4s om 
with us, by thofe that are curious, . The other forts have bin foundin Spain He 
Italy, and fo may they be in England, if any one will take che paines to cet the’ 
fied, and fow it; but then they Flower late, and hardly bring their fruit to. een ; 
rection, *o dosed are be 
The Temperature, 
— Coloquintida is hot and dry in the third deoree, of a very bicrer taf, atd of 2 
purgative qualicy, + ry 

The S} gnature and ertues, 


The Célles or rows Wherein the feeds lof Ci SSE ANeN Babies feme- as 
what refemble the Celles of the Colon, ete Gute thar detaineth the Exx 
crements, andtherefore it is of wonderfull Operation to p ich 

Choller both green and yellow, as alfo 
from the Braine andthe Afembranes 

EF oe 
eS Oey ve 
. ‘ 



ae . 

a - 

the Paradife of Plants. — =a 393 

thismanner, Take of the Pulp of Coloquintidatwo drams, Camomile flowers 
an handfull, Annifeed, Cumminieed, of each halfean Ounce, make hereof a de- 
costion in faire Water, and in a pint of it being {trained diffolve Honey ot Rojes 
and Oyle of Camomile, ofeach three or foure Ounces. Now if any one fhould 
aske, how can axGlyiter purge the whole Body? Iantwer hac the Glyfer moift- 
ning the whole Colon, doth by the twigs of the Arteries draw noifome bameours 
trom the whole Trak. The feeds will kill Rates and AGre, who delight to feed. 
upon them, and the deco&tion with Wormewbod iprinkled in a Houle char is 
troubled with aes doth utterly deftroy them, : 

ae us ‘. | bth, es eee a Pee , a 
Of Bind-weed. 

The io 

Br Crocum in parvo ‘Wer {ium cum Smilace arg It is called alfo rolvha 
lus and —! ; quia crebra revolutione vicinos fruttices , et herbas ii a . 
rouleth or windeth it felfe about wharfoever is next it-and for the fame 
veafea ici is called Funis arborum, but Ca mpanella is giventoit , becaufeit hath 4 
~ fewer like alittle Bel, Thereis onec fort hereof called of fome 
Laxura,ot Campana carules,of othets Comiauie Carulens Major, five vias 
and Flos Nottis becau(e its cheifeft beaury isin the Evening, Nishe. ond : | 
of {ome Nil Avicenne, another iscalletin Greek étivn xs Helvizne 
Ciffampetes ab taxdis traberé vel harere and niasdurrtnos quai Vitealss oe Helena , 
titea, becaule this vans fhould be known trom Pellicory called aio Bialieige:: 
this moft commonly growing if Vineyards, creeping . 12 
Leate like Ivy ; .it 1s called alio Malacecifes, quan nella hese, 

Dred EO sec: “In EnglthSondeed Wisb-mind, andfliane 
Hig ot The Kivds. 

erneeee kind 16 Badd ch ishere robe spdetnd (oe oe 2 

ot iaw Bind-weed: FEE aa saepen ei "8 M alloy 
leafe V acedweed 7. The common’ {ntall (Bind-weed, 8. Lavandef lea 
Bind-weed. 9. Small purple Bind-weed, 10. The African 

81, The lealt African Bind-weed. 12. The blew ndweé 
va 14, Besncted DE Sit woe et Cae £5. 
Ww Wino 

the yoynts obthe branches where the Leaves atefet,,<on pretty, long feorftalkes!) 
two, or ithred tezerher, are arfirtt long, fomwhat like arfinger., -and-ot a palewvhi+: 
tith blew colour, butafterwards they become broad jike.Belis; ‘of adeepe abitny 
tending soopurple » very giotlous, £0 beheld; the flowers being paft; the ttalkesi, 
whereon they food bend downwards,fending forth husks with three or fourblack: 
_ feedsapeece of the bignefie of a Tare, or thereabouts,;: the reoresare firingy, ands 
perifh every where; at. chefirth approach of Winter. 9) i ole eed 
sstroh © fi beisanclliendvaperand lateg. noiioosh oft hee ae 
Though the two firft came to us gut ofJrelys yer they are conceivedro bena-; 
turall only to the Eaft Indies :- The name of the third tetufieth ‘whence it came, 
and {o.dorhthofe ofthe fourth; filt, centh,eleavench, twelveth, and fourteenths. 
the fixth is found in many places of Spaine, the feaventh, and ninth in fundry 
-Countryes of this Land, asthe eighth likewile isabout Duamow in Effex; the 
thirteenth is that whichis too common in eyery feild and garden, and the lait 
- groweth about Drayton neere Port{mouth. They flower towards the latter end 
of Summer,e/pecially the greatér forts y-and. therelore their feed is feldome pet 
fected with us. 3 7 

. vx 4% 


The Temperature, — ? 
The Bind-weeds are moft of them Aor and dry in the firft or fecond deorec. | 
= The S:guature andVertuesy. 25. - Ht batimo-e “Ty 
The moft renowned Creliizs in. his Book of Siguatares recordeth:, that Bin 
weed ot With-wind growing in the Corne: by its turning, and winding dorhy 
much refemble the suxuings and windings ot the Guts, and thar. therefore the 
cogtion rhereof madein White. Wine 1s a very Gngular remedy. fortholerhacare 
Ricted with the Collick., .purging and voiding forth saw thick Phlegmatickand, 

Melanche curs, andkiling and driving forth both far, and iong Worms, 

Belly, yet not withouriometronblero.the Stomack; which fomumes, 

gs, The Mallow Leaied Bind-seed,a8 Clutmsiaith, is uled uh 

con{umeth.chem, as. Gaden saith, It is faid like wie thatifthofe places which you, | 
- would haye-to be yoid of Haire be anointed wiel.the juice hereof,prefently alter! 
the Haire is plucked pp. by che Rootes, ic wall not fuffer it ra.grow there aif 

‘gore, Some of thegreater forts, as alfo that w ith Leaves, like Lavander where 

lowe go teal. chemielves.even with the vatieries of chee chings which the Vals 
war callWéedes ,.andindeed. there. is.a.great deale of prectynefiein every one0 

and.other-things of greatet ule and:walue. by theirdirangling qualities. 5 char che! 
namesabove mentioned have ngt been given them withourfomesealony 


“Be = © OF Centory. lo 

+ % 

Fs ee Bed 

; : <4 ‘ 
aif 30 AS De cea tS 

‘and a lelles. which mighs, besreated offi 

ot OTe SRR & aet oe 
Ee is divided into two kinds, a grea’ 

rayo.cidlinst Chapeers; yer for,their names fakes, and fomywhat forthe 
ot I fhall joyne them in one,though of different, forms,, The greater: 54 
inGcee krdupsov]3 pera Centaurium magnum which is,generally afoemed tone 
eived its name from. Chirex the Cenranre, who healed himnfelfe:hesewith 2058 7 
she had wounded his foot by the fall of one of Hercules’s Arrowes out tit 

The Paradife of Plants. 305 
hit when he received Herdu-es as his Gueit, and therefore of ome was called 
Chironinn. Tc hath formerly thongh talfely been calied Rha Pont cum, ond u- 
fed infleed hereof, that being a kind ofRubarbe. The leiler is called xer]duproy 
1d ubys tn Greek Centanrium parvum and minus in Lavine, and Centaurea as a\io 
Fel-terra tor che extraordinary bitcerneffe thereof? and F. ebrifuga, of curing Fea- 
vers taough chat name properly belong to another Piant calied Feavyerfew; of 
fomeallo -ALaltirad x, buc why I know not, Diofcorides faith, it was called Lime. 
nefion, and Pliny Libadiow, becaule it loveth to grow in moift places, yetin our 
Country ic lovech co grow in dry places alfo, It is. called in Englith,Small Cena 
sanry and che lefler Centor7, + ? 
oe The Kinds, 

Ofthe’e two hinds above named there be Eleaven forts, foure of the greater 
and eaven of the lefler. 1. The Common Great Centory.. 2. The ‘Pyreneam 
great Cencory. 3, The great Centory of Portugal, 4+ The great yellow 
Centory. 5. The réd ordinary {mall Centory. 6, White flowered Centory, 
7. Small fpiked Cencory. 8. Small yellow Genrory. 9. Small yellow tho- 
rough leated branched Centory, 10. Small yellow unbranched Centory, 11, 
The leaft yellow Centory, 

‘The Form  S Peg cee 

Though T have fet the oreatelt Centory foremolt fot his gre fake 
lefler being thaz at who'e defeription 

followetb. The red orc 

one round, and fom 

ever I {aw, branchitie 

were ih an Umbell or tuft, divers {mall flowers of a pale red colour tending toa 
Carnation, confifiing of fix, bur nfually of five {mall Leaves , fomwhat like unco 
thofe of St. Johns-wort, which in the day time » when the Sun fhineth, open 
themfelves, and towards the evening fhut themfelves againe; atrer which cometh - 
the teed in liccle fhore Huskes in torme like unto Wheat Cornes, but much lefler, 
The Leaves are{miall and fomwhat round like unto thole of St. Johns-yort buc 
lefler, The voor is {malland hard. _ : See 
: The Placesand Time, 9 ee Se ar 
The fir? and third crow upon the eA/ pes and Adount Baldus, the name ofthe 

_ fecond will dilcover its place ; the fowrth is anacurall of Mount Baldws alfo: the found almoftevery where in fields , pafures, and woods, as ina field by 
Oxford highway ftom Banbury not farre from Beechen Tree, and in a place called 
New-pafture in the Common fields of Adderbury Eatt, not farre from the high 
way fide and in fome of Walton groznds, which are onthe other fide the River 
Charwell, and other places hat l ould name : } 
venth about Mompelier, and neere unto Padoa upon the Engatiean Hilles ; the ~ 
eighth in afield next Sr. Francis Carew’s houfe Se Lext; at Beddington neere Croy- 
~don, andin many other places , where the other forts are fomtimes found, and 
‘Temoved into the Gardens of the curious,where fome of the greater forts. may be 
alfofeene: They do all fower about Jaly , and give their feed in Anguft, only 
the Portugal kind isfeldom brought to flower in our Country much leffe to feed, re 

The Temperature, ~ | 
The great Centory is hot and dry in the third degree. The 

in the 

fecond degree, and very bitrer. 

ld name:the fixth is not fo frequent, the ea= —~ 

366 Adam in Eden,Or, 
the ftoppings of the Liver, Gall, and Spleene helping the Faund:fe, which the 
low ‘tore doth by Sigaatere,- for tliat elpeciaily purgeth Choller as the.whi 
doth Phlegme and Water ; and the Red cleanfeth the Blood maketh thin both it 
andthe humors, by the:cleanGng and bitter qualiries. Tris ufefullinthe Scie 
sica, he!peth thofe that have the Drap/y, and the ‘green fickneffe, for it bungeth 

— downthe Courfesot women, Tt he\peth alfo to avord the Dead Birth, and he 
eth the paines of ‘the CMother, and is very effectual in all paines of the Joynts 
asthe Gout, Cramp, ot Convelfions; Being boiledin White Wine or Ale wit 
Liquorice and {irained and drunk Morning and Evening it openeth the Ob{tm 
ons of the Cheft and Langs, anda little Sugar-Candy added it isa 200d Re 
again{t oarfneffe andthe Prifick, The decoction of the tops of the Sta 
with the Leaves and ‘flowers which are moft in ufe, being taken inwardly, 
the boyléd Herbthacis'taken forth applyed ovtwardly, helpeth boththepai 
of the fides, and hardnefe of the Spleene. Adram of the powder thereof t 

' ken in Wine is a wondertull good help againft the biting and poyfon of any Ve 

_ emous Creatures, Beinz boiled in Water and drunk,it provokerh Appetit e,clean 
ethi the Stomack and Breaff,purseth the Back and Reines, and healerh whatioevet 

‘inthe skin, being wafhed therewith, The 

riated ipecially co aunds, becaufe it helpeth thole,t 
much at the Mouth, two drams at the Root (in powd 

2 jn all’ forts of wounds and Ulcers to dry, fodder, cleanfe and healeth a 
fhould bea principall Ingredient in all Wownd drinks and Injections, Yet I! 

© and other dileales of the Langs, Gripings 

as alfo the 

— Of Lovage. 
The Names, : : 
I canmeet with. Itis called in 
jLatine Name thereof, Ligaftica bs 
“fome being deceived with the 1 wy, 
The Kishsg |e aay Mae 
Names of Lovage are but few, fo the forts are not many 5 10F 
Ordinary Lovage, 2, The Lovage of Germany. : 

a "a 4 t 
the Paradile of Plants. oq 
| | The Forme. Mosler: Sigeremal, 

O-dinary Lovage hath many — and great ftalkes of large winged Leaves, di- 
vided into many parts like Smallage, bur mach larger, of a fad green colour, 
finooth and fhining, every Leafe being cut about the edges, ‘and broader for- 
ward then towards the Saalke: The Stalkes chat arife from thence are diverfe, 
and of different proportions, according to the goodneffe or badnefs of the Soile 
wherein they grow, asalfoto their time of continuance: for though ima fac 
foilewhere ichath grown long, they attaine unco the height of five or fix foot, 
yet if che ground be barren, or the'herb bur newly fet, they feldome exceéd 
three or four, anfwerable whereantois the bigneffe of them, being green and 
hollow, fet with leffer leaves then thofe that grow below : towards the rops 
of thefe, come forth other fmaller branches, bearing at their tops lange Um- 
bels of yellow Flowers, which turne into flat brounifh feed, -fomewhat like.che 
feed of Angélica. The rest geoweth Jarge both in length and thicknefic, being 
ofa brownith colour without fide, and white within. The whole Plant {mellech 
ftreng, and in taft is both hor, {harp and biting. 

The Places and Time. 

Both the forts are Inhabitants in che Gardens of thofe that love Phyficall 
herbs efpecially, and fometimesin the Garden of thofe that underftand it noc: 
the ji. ft being common to diversCountryes, the fecond prapes ) Germany, yet 
neiiver of them are found wild in any part Of Ewrope, if they ay where elfe. 
The root in continuance of time fpreadeth much, for it emdureth long and fend- 
ech torth every yeare new ftalkes, which hold the Flowers in che end of Ful 

a, The Temperatures 

Lovage is bot and dry in che third degree, andis of thin pasts alfo. 
The V erimege: beso cs0h = 4 cPaett 

Halfea dram of the dryed Root of Lavage in powder, taken’ in Wine, doth 
wonderfully warm a cold Stomachs helping digcftion, and coniuming all fu- 
perfluous moifture'and:raw humours therein, as alfo in the Guis, Pm | there- 
tore it eafech all inward gripingsand paines, both of the Stomach and Belly, 
as alfo by diffolving wid and expelling it effeGtually : which is an utter enemy 
to themboth; and it is commended for refiiting poyfon and infection, that may 
a(lault either of them, or any other part. Thefaid Root boiled in WineorBar- 
ly-water, cleanfech the Lungs, openeth the paflages of the Urine, provoketh 
Womens Gourjes mightily, and healeth inward Wounds; Being bruifed in a Mor- 
tar bcfore itbedryed, and ftceped for twelve houres in faire Water, then ftrain- 
ed, and two or three fpoontuls drunk firft and laft, morning and evening, a& 
fwageth any drowgbt or great defireto drink, when no ordinary liquor will do 
it: and chis it performeth bya fecifick property, for the Root is well known to 
behot. To drink the Decoftion of the herbe forany fort of Ague, and to help 
the cold paines and rorments of the Body and Bawels, comming of cold, was 
not long fince,a known and much practifed Remedy, but the prefenc Age,which 
forgets every thing that fhould do ir goood, knowes none fuch, as faras I can 
under-ftanJ. The feeds drunk in Whice-wine fafting, either in powder, or boy- 
led therein and ftrained, doth purge both upwards and downwards, and being 
in Glifters, iteafech the Gout in the feet. Being fteeped anightin Wine, orelfe 
boiled thereinand drank, it provoketh the Termes, and expelleth the Dead-childy 
and likewile opens the ftoppings of che Spleensbut becaufe the feeds be very ft 
the likeweighr of Annife and Fennel may bemixed with them to qualifie 
And to be briefe, the feeds areas effe&tuall to all oles as an 7 0 . 
it, and workech more powerfully in Womens difeafes. The diftilled wa 
_ herb, helperh the Quir/ey in the Throat,if the Mouth and Threat be ¢ 

wathed therewith, and helpeth the Plewrify being drank three or four 
Beiog dropped into the Eyes it —. away the redneffe and dismelfe of 

: aaa gee inte: 


. ea Os, 

: likewife sale away the fpotso or: freckles of the Face. The Leaves bruifed and 
_ .fryed with alitcle Hogs-lard, and laid to any. borch.or boy], will quickly break’ 
_ it4andbeing boyled in water and bathed therein, ic provoketh Urine, expel- 
~deth-che Stines and: healech the inward parts; Being app! yed three or four times 
with Rueand Honey, to the Knées of thofe thac-are troubled wich pain in them, 
it. is.a good expedienc for the removing thereof; The people of Germeny and 
- of this, and other Countreys-alfo in former times ufed both the Roorin Pow- 
<oden, and the feed to feafon their Meats and Brothe’,and found them as. efRfuall 
}€0. CO! fore and warm the Stomack : but now adayes, whatfoever isnot farre 
»feiched will hardly pleafe: The green roots pickled with falc and vinegar are 
a good fawee for thofe that are croubled with winds but if — be eras 
: with th fuga, shey ar aré more pkenE the: shige ito ie 

Rs * 
aies - > ° Oe tgs ; Ee aS 
rt : #* ; 5 * : ga = - 4 
- . 2 ts ‘ ° : * eet £ . ‘ t 
Sisgei til: if = MEE oe EL ee EY ry * iste 
— “2 CHAR, < Ix 
. 5 © s 4° } 2. . 
ro3 : : dtr, ty ig he htt Sone nd 25. v * epee 
ES oe ot ee. oe % ‘ pi 
* . A * 2% Qe ee Sy £ 
* * se e 
-s 2 ¢ is , 
Soe 45 a 2 a : 
i is re ame 03 CER PSE SOT ets ay fa oof 
oa The N. | . 
: is ‘t . Cc: ‘ames. red " t éSy Cini 
7 5 re 

7 scaled Greck dSayerta, Atbanafia, peradventure from adgrJ@-, lige 
fying fine morte, Ox mon moriens, that is, immortal : becaate the yellow 
wert gather re time, wi | continue very lively 4 long while: tis 
ot he ly taken,.as Fufchins 
im or Tagehcs por rapa his Articmifia Tragantes : yet I conceive ic 
anare probable to come, though not without fome corruption, from Atbanafiait 
er ng Piiedin Erah fenaig and neers sais whence Lali ai word Tan- 
f ) came without doube. - 


OF Taney there be theefeven Page Ordin Jor 

3 wie Taso. 6 Naan Te. 7. Iniavour a gic? 

oat “ead comled: Sn om man Sg yet one a hon wole j 
m both, for cither of them have many: hard green Leaves, or rather 
; of Leaves, many {mall ones, being, fer one againi another, al] alon a 
} “bor filo and Cape pout in one fort the Leaves ffand clofer : 
and thicker, and ) J, which hath caufed it to be called double, ne 
or sicled Zarfeyyand in che other, morethinner and ft ae ingly fe ikessbol@ 

= “of che wild re so one with many! hard ftal caring atthe tops a e 
tsihepeten red tuf ached y xe, Furr as. ae 

FAIS 2 zinin divers bee s The whole hab sbice? Te 

of growing;for ryt 
~ ders of fields. in divers © Cc 3 Oe ei ys 
‘Mompelicr aud other places 5 + Sanam in divers laces. 
oy sl): ° The fixth’ upon the Alpes amengit the Switsers = 
divers Counweys beyond the Seas: The Root 

ibePaxadiof Plants. ig 
forth its gvecsi Leaves in n March and Aphis its Flowers in men and Fajen 
fometimes later. ee YT 
The Temperature Mh gui 7 

Taney is faid to be bot in the fecond degree, and dry itiche third’ That wich 
out fmell is bot, and dry,but in a leffer degree then the former. “ 
The Vertuese 
The Decoétion of the ordinary Garden Tan{ey or the juice theresa: in 
Wine, or Beery is very profitable to diffolve and expell Wind in the Stomach, 
Belly, or Bawels,and¢o kill and expell theories, and fo doth the {eed which 
isa fingularoand approved Medicine forthefame, in what fort fotVer it be ta- 
ken and therefore it is thar Tanfeys were fo frequent not long fince’about’ Eafter, 
‘being fo'called from this Herb Tanfeysthough Ithink: the Stomach ‘of thofe 
that eat thenv ate, are fo fqueamith, that they put little ornone of icinto them, 
having altogether forgotteri the reafon of their Original; which was to purge 
caway the Stomack and’ ‘Guts the’Phlegme engendered by eating of Fibs in 
the Lent Seafon (when Lent was kepr ftri&ter then now it is) whereof Worms age , 
_ foon bred in them thatare thereunto difpofed, befides ocher humours which 
* the moift and cold conftitution’ of: Winter moft ufually infeéts the b 
Man with; andthis] fay is the reafon why ime they wero ines hould be nor 
more ufed in the Spring then at ji bas er he r, though many un- 
derftand it not, and fome fimple people take it for an ‘of faperf ot 
da. The Décoftion before mentioned is a cay forall he icfes 
: ; Ql iene ‘ th the nao cers ment choPCek ‘1a’ re 
ieVS 5 expellech om : 

ech Womens cia and 

| i Eira ale Choma 

is ant yancolin cael ety 
re rennin to oes: 
Ades.o0 "= 

7) » Adam in Eden, Or, 
2 Great Lavender Cotten. 3 French Lavender Cotten. 4 Fine Lavender 
‘Corten. 5 Rofemary Leafed Lavender Cotten. 6 Small Rofemary Leafed 
Lavender Cotten. 7 Small green Lavender Cotten. 8 Creeping Lavender 

Cotten. 9 Strange Lavender Coxten. 7 , 

= ~The Forme. me 
The ordinary Lavender Cotten hath many wooddy, ‘but brittle branches, 
hoary, or of a whitifh colour, whereon are fet many Leaves, which are little, © 
long, and four-{quare, dented or notched upon every edge, and whitith alfo ; ac 
_ the cops of the branches ftand naked Stalks, bearing on every one of them a yel- 
low head or Flower like unto Tanley, or Maudeline, bat greater then either of 
‘them, of a gold yellow colour, abiding foa long time upon the Stalkes, and 
being kept dry likewife, after which commieth {mall dark coloured feed; the 
‘Root is woody, and {preadeth abroad with many hard fibres. The whole 
“Plant is very comely to behold, efpecially if icbe artificially ordered, of a 
wok {weet {cent, but no way difpleafing, unleffe it be in the taft, which is 
DER ce ance ce en PRACT om nba d lt 
Though none of the forementioned Plants grow naturally with us, yet ma- 
ny of them are to be found in the Gardens of thofe'that are curious Confervers 
of rare Plants ; howbeit,it will not be amiffe to tell you, that the firftgroweth 
“of its owne accord in Germany. The fecend in divers places of Narbone in Frances 
“The fourth, fifth, and fixth about Salamanca in Spaine. The laftis fuppofedto — 
- come from Egypt, the places of the reft arenot yet knowne. They do all or 
moll of themflowerin dy and Aug | 

~The feed of Lavender Cotten, and fo likewife the herb is hot and dry in the 
 thirdDegree. = Bes bert ep 
: eet ne dibe Vertues. bass 
~ Every Woman alfocan tell, that Lavender Cotten ftamped andftrained with 
Milk, &taken fafting after it hath been a little warmed by the fire,is an excellent — 
expedient to kill and expell Wermes ont of the Stomacks and Bellies,both of 
children and elder perfonsalfo, but the feed is accounted of greateft forces nor- 
wa ding when that cannot be had, ‘the herb may be aforefaid. — 
oles faith, that half a dram of Lavender Cotten, taken in a little of the 
ed Water of Fetherfew, every morning fafting for ten days together at the 
i very profitable Medicine for Women that are troubled with the Whites, 

as ee 

ently wich us, to be put amongft other hot Herbs, eicher in Bathe 
s, or other Me seinen nelipthorerhae are burften, or troubled: wi 

erally it worketh the fame effects, and may : app ll referce 

the Paradife of Plants. 5 | 

tobe Tautologicall. But there is an ufe, wherein this exceeds that of Southern- 
wood, and that isto make Knots, Trailes, and other Compartiments in the 
Gardens of Noble Perfonages; for befides its gentle ape, it abidech green all 
the Winter, and will with cutting, be kept in aseven proportion, as any other 
herb may be, yet it muft be removed every third year, that is, taken up and fet 
again, otherwife it will: grow ftubbed and dry. : 

-Cuap. CCLI. 

Of Carrots and Parineps. = 

4 a te 

a colour, 

eth a 
nas f are both nourifhing, 
and th 

wild Carrots, which is 
this Chapter. : 

Though there be many forts of Carrots, and more of Dawke, yet I thal ene 
mention five forts of the firft, one of the fecond; and two of the Parfnep, which 
are sight all, 1 Common allow Carrots. 2 Wild Carrots. 3 Wild Car- 
rots of Naples. 4 Prickly wild Carrots of Naples. 5 Wild Carrots with hairy, 
Stalkes. 6 The true Dauke of Candy. 7 Garden Parfnep. 8 Wild Parfnep. 
~The wild Garrot (which is of moré ule in Phylickthough leffe knowne then 
the Common fort) groweth in a manner like that of the Garden, but that the 
Leaves are whiter and rougher, as the Stalkes likewife are, which beare large 
fpoky tafts of white flowers, with a deep purple {pot in the middle, which are 
contratked er, when the feed beginneth to grow ripe, fo that the middle 


part being hollow and low, and the oucward ftalks rifing high, maketh the - 

whole Umbel to thew likeabirdsneft. The Root is fmall, long, and hard, bei 

alfo fomewhat fharp and ftrong, and therefore unfit for Meats 

"<The ficthic that which et cradees canee >unery, 

©. The firft is that which is fowne by the Gardinersin every € 

dens or Fields, chofen out for the purpofe, whofe foile thet | bel 

- manured, if not new broken up. The fecond groweth in 
Land, as well in Paftures,as by fides of fields, and untilled p! 

fourth int Naples. The fifth in Germany. The fixth in Can 
‘The firft are fowen in April, or fooner, and w 


OR DT a ans el 

© Adanin Eden, Or 


~about Iuly or Auguft, never feeding the firft year ifthey be good, but the cond; 
_ “All the'reft do flower and feed about the end of Summer, except the Garden 
Par{nep, whole {eed is ripe about the beginning of aguft, the fecond yeaa 
‘terits fowing, for if they feed the firft year, they ace good for nothing, and are _ 
sealled Mad Neepes by the Countrey people. Cathy dabes. 
| Fhe Temperature. ; sie gis? 
The Roots of Carrots and Parfneps are temperatly hot and fomewhat moift, . 
‘but the feeds are hot and dry almoft in the third degree. : 
Tbe Vertnes, ss 
The feed of every one ofthe beforementioned forts, are very carminative, 
that is; powerfull to expell wind, and therefore they are very, effectual to 
eafe the torments and gripings of the Belly, and to cure the Collick, but efpe~ 
cially that of the true Dauke of Candy, ‘next the wild'Carrots; and if neicher of 
them can be gotten, the feeds of either of the other Garden forts may be ufed 
indteed thereof, either in Powder or in Decoétion. The feed of the trae Diu~ 
cus is likewife very ufefull to help the Strangury, to provoke Urine and Wor 
mens conrfes, ‘to expell the Dead birth, and to help the frangling of the Mo- 
ther, and remove thofe ftitches that affli& the fides. Both it and the Roots pow. 
dered, & drunk in Wine,are very profitable for thofethat have receiv'dany grief 
- erhurt by any venemous Beaft whatfoever, as alfo to refit any other-venomeor 
‘poyfon, and the Peftilence: The fame alfo put into Pultifes doch eafe tumours 
and {wellings in any part, and being mixed with honey, ithelpethold andins 
weterate Coughes, Th 
poles. aforsiid, 

as alfo for helping to break and expell the Scone‘in the Kid« 
“to cure the Dropfey, and thofe whofe Bellicsare {wollen with Wind; ig 
oketh'venery and helpeth conception. The Roots of che manured Parfneps 
and Carrots are ofa fweet pleafant taft, by whichthey ftir up the appetite, and 
therefore the'Carrots are ufually eaten with Beefe,'as well without;.as with buts 
terall the time of the Autumnesbut the Parfneps being dryer,are more commoti= 

. By buttered; and ferve as a dith by themfelves upon: Wednefdayes'and Fridays, 
twhen hot meat is not fo familiarly provided, and fo they are good foraCone 

_ {amption,and provoke Venery; yet if there be no other provocatiomthereuntro; 
~ no body fhall need to fear theeating of them, if fo be they doitwith moderati- 
fome vitious, becaufe they are fomewhat windy, whence you may obferve that 

the Roots and Seeds ofmany things arenot endued with the fame qualities, »4 

Wig.2ini a 2. ee tio ee 28) Se 

a Las 5 hiee 


- = i ee ‘ ——— ae Se ae = 5b rae 2 5) 
. : Wee ee 4 + ; cae 
. 7 . Z Z eye paet mn “ RE SS 
: . a K oe Eo te HES . i Sk 
e , kh, ee 7 Y¢ r 3 he , SPS as Tg a 
oS ee ee eS eT edz . i . : he " aes : ~ iS Temi me he ; oS 
bs FS “4 hy fR A EE EES 2 Die: . , ? * ft asba¥ te PEM 
e ~ es = aural Se . ‘ F t j er © Pee 
m 3 * i" Oo Sed pS . 4 ¢ f Str ee g bee or Ge a 
PRS tet Rede ai Rg. Piet : Fe “5 > . rae SUITES wile ye ae 
; < 3 . = e ¥ : - 
oa ce ot fl oa ee = Stes nk paar I Ee, ai a via 
Shee orb a F952 b Oe. BOP . iw dbphenr ¢ a>: ay hRht ns | 373 
7 ded ong im 5 a : By, : “ —" 
: bE Ta f se eek, be ; rt te se - Bd Fe 
3 ha Os eer : Pa 3 as 2 : Fo £3% * rah ie od A 4 
ae tS he he senate a i Aas 7 
4 ‘ips aed ane + Fs 
* = TN ip . 

lin Chaedt acts Ic ears velinbs fromm fonalinaif ac ceed 
leur <p Atbamanticum, either from Arbamantes the fon - 
tobe the firft difcoverer, or from the Hill Athaina 

w in no other, or we 

t tien Macedonicum, and Hifpanicum : [cis called in Englith Spignell or Spick= — 2 2 
me Mewe, or Baldmony, or Bearewort, © =! = so BR 

e feed of the wild Carrot-is commended forallthe pure 

formerly thought co grow;forit wasfametimes 
rs conanie the places of Plants, novbecaufe they 

Detter then the common fort; and for this reafon, and for no other; Pliycalsic = 

the Paradile of Plants. . 

‘The Kindes. 

To this kind thefe five fork oye ot unficly be referred. 1 Oudiipary Spig- 
nell. 2 Small Spignell. 3 The Me fervative Spignell of Candy. 4 Tralian Ba- 
- ftard Spignell. 5 MountaineSpignell of Germany.» | 

The Forme. 

' The ordinary Spignell, rifeth dp with fundry long ftalkes of Leaves exceed- 
ing finely, cut like unto haires, {m ler then thofe of Dill, fer thick on both fides 
the ftalk, of alight or yellow green colour, and ofa good fent: from amongft 

which,rife upround ftiffe Sralkes with joynts, having a few Leaves at them, at 
the tops whereof groweth an Umbell of pure white flowers, at the edges whas 
of fometimes will be feene a fhew of reddifh; or bluth coloar, efpécially before 
they be full blown, which give place unto little roundith feed which are of a 
brownifh colour; the Rootsare thick and long in refpéc&. of the Leaves grow- 
ing out from one head, which is hairy at the top, of ablackifh brown uri 

the outfide, and whitewithin. - ee 

be Places and Tims: 

The firft powell naturally in Weftmerland, Yorkefbire, and other Northern 
Counties, and hath been a di thence i fe shin Southern Ph ae Gar- 
dens; the fecond i in Save) e thir ee pa dite the laft im An 

Roots of Spig pclan ek ine third degree, and dry inthe fecands; 

‘The Verinzs: iF" 
“The Sire Roots of Spignell beirig made into: powder, mixed with Gone and 
“talon afcer the manner of an EleCtuary or licking salen» not ons ly con- 
fumeth all windineffe in bis tes acl defcendett ; -e 

: Ps a le ioe 
ig be KR sand Bladder, i eafeth 
and helpeth the Sraeehs and confumeth sisi tbe ngs of tk 
Stomack, yea it is fo effeGuall forthe Stra » the ahs ng laid Plaifterwife. 
the Bellyesof thofe Childrenthar have it b at 
_-Water very freely. ‘ers ae ss ba 

| porta en recat 

pherefore dhe iM ft way toate tah i 
thereof: The fi dicots which are art 
the feed be very aromaticall, are acconnted very 
‘ring wenn Cre ad erefore 
tbridate, and Venite realy j 
oy eae before m 

8 | Adam in Eden, Or, 

CuHaAp. cc Lill, 

Of Bithops-weed, 

The Names. 

feed, which in fome iore imitateth Sand, and in Latine 4mmi & Ammixnin, 
ecthe Shops call it Ammios or Ameos, intheGenitive cafe, diverscallit 
Cuminum Hrbispicun, becaufe the feed is fomewhatlike to thar of Cummin, 
and in that it : groweth frequently in AE ihiopia : : Itis called alfo Cui :am Regi- 
um, or Cummin Royall for itsexcellent ee in Soca Azes or Argee. of ts 

fome Herb gesoe 3 Bull- wort and een 

' Thoug h the true Amini ot Bifbops- coal is not extant in any pare o Se vx 
abebetl three forts that learned men have referred to the fame kind for fome afe. = 

finity betwixt them. 1 Common Bifhops-weed. 2 Scat Seine 3 : 
Small Bifhops-weed. : 
The Forme. 

~weed 5: th perc axound ftraight ftalk three or four foor , 

T: is called in inde 3 ues K a duyusov, as is fappofedifrom the {malneffe of the : 

lent edges, growing on both fides of a long foot ftalk — 
other, of a frefh greer colour; omwhat like unto Skirret Leaves, 

fandry branches on them: at the taps whereof come forth {mall Umbels 
of white flowers which turn into fmall, round and brown feed, a little bigger 
then Parfley-feed, and not fo big as Anni-fced, of a quick hot {cent and taitsche 
Root is white and fibrous, : < 
ie a: eT Se heats: pofa ho, aes pee: Es 

ie The firft oweth naturally theway 
“SeNO go Ee pte ete EE Mien ae eavaiie pacaban ote ee 

3 1d. | Wales = the fecond 
aes 3 firftbrought thither out of Arabic ; Allwhich being 
ifs at cute Pbyick Gardens do flower and feed  afonable wellstf ae 

e kin a otherwife. pie myer ee s 
‘of (ee jsabout the latter end of Augift. — ere 

| The Te ature. a i oO | 
5 a: which pains in bts" are hot and deg sel ae: 
— ee foniewhae bieeer in tally and 

M ) ke water or goto ftoo | Spee Wine, @ ay 
[: see ergy in Phot ings thar are made of Cee 

alifie the poyfonous and corroding 

4 which diey chiefly affect, fohaeeey may be edie mg Pe 

av ve 2 

broad Leaves, cut in divers 

every year after ichath given its feed;trom 2 

from Candy, yet it groweth alfo upon ag oe 
in Italy, according to Matrbiolus: the laft was brought from 

ig PE ys tr 
ate. ga SF cst 

ibePatadeof Plams. 

Body without any danger. Being beaten very fine, and mingled with hon ey; 
it diffolveth and fcattereth congealed blood, and taketh away black and Blew 
marks, which come by ftripes or falls, if it be applyed to the affetted part in 
manner of a Plaifter ; And being drank, or outwardly applyed, it abareth’the 
high colour of thofe, which by drinking, or any other diftem ture are dif. 

guifed cherewith: caufing the redneffe of their Faces and Nofes to depart, and 
_ a more comely colour to fucceed it. Itcleanfeth the Matrix, whether it be gi- 
ven with Raifs after the fame manner, as Wormfeed is given to children, or 
the fumes thereof, and Roffin mixed together, and received thereinto. Thefe 
are the vertues which Dio{corides afcribeth to the true Ammi, with every one of 
which the Bifhops weed before defcribed,is by Dodoneus {aid 'to be endued. The 
Egyptians do ake muuch ufe of the feed of the Egyptian, or Arabian kind to pro- 
voke Venery ; for which purpofé, it is faid to be very powerfull. 

SOnar. CCLIV: 
Of Encyuisn Worm-ecd: 

Fo, pen a aie, © 

BT is called in Greek jisaygor, Myagrum, and uiduaveyy, Melempyrum, a Di- 
Ei ofcorides faith, and of fome Hvdxe0v, Myagrium, bur indeed hele nace bes 
long rather to the gold of pleature, then to this, which is buc referred to 
~~ “that, and more ufually called in Latine Camelina, five Myagram alierum amax 
rum The word Myagrum fignifies as much’as Mufeipulims five Mulcarium, and ig 
attributed to gold of Pleafure, becaufe the feed being oily; hath fach abompiss 
ftick, or clanumy quality therein, that it arreftech the Flies that fettle theréor is 
but whether our Englifh Worm-feed hath any fuch property, I defo TEOD. 5 
_ Melampyron fignifiech black Wheat,becaufe growing many times amongft wihicar. 
the Ancients thought the wheat had degenerated intoity bur that there hat? 
be any fuch Metaimerpbofis in Plants, isnow clearely difcovered tobe an error, 

That which is here called Englith Worm-feed, others callic Ti cacle wormfced ? 

_ Gold of Pleafure, whereof Englifh Worm-feed is faid to bea fort, hath ix 
~ othersto be joyned with it. 1 Englith Worm-feed. 2 Garden gold of Plea-~ 
_ flare. 3 Wild gold of Pleafure, - gagtinching gold of Pleafure. 5 The greater’ 

one grained gold of Pleafure. -6-The leffer one grained Myagrum. 7 Round 

+ Englith Worm-feed rifeth up with one ormoreupright ftalks, about two foot 


10 Adam in Eden, Or,. 
The Places and Time. An ee 
The firft groweth naturally in divers places of this Land, and is cith 

fore ealled Englith Worm-(eed, becaufe it is proper to our Country + or ain 
becaufe our Country folks do make ufe of it tor the Wormes, to which “8 
they bring ic into their Gardens, where being once fowed, they are for ever fur- 
nifhed. The fecond is naturall co fome places of Italy, yet in others, they fow-it 

in their Gardens for pleafure, as we do, and in their fields alfo, for the profit 
that is made of the feed, and che oyl that is preffed therefrom. The third is 
common in Germany, in all theirflax grounds almoft. The fourth groweth in 
the fandy, grounds about Bafil. The fift by Padoa, on the Exgonean Hills, The 
two laft by Mompelier. They all flower in the fummier Months, and their feed 

is ripe about Auguft. 
The Temperature. 

ifs Worm-feed, as isconceived, ishot and dry in the later end of 
| ate. : : : = 
The Vertues. 

Th refufe our Englifh Worm-feed,and prefer that which is brought 
out hosehines Countryes, becaufe it is not alcogechit fo bitter and unplea- 
fant as ours is, yet doubrleffe it is as effe&tuall, if not more, to kill the Wormes 
in Children, yea,and in elder perfonsalfo ; the feed being a little bruifed and 
given in drink, orany other way, and this is che chief, if not the only ufé thacit 
is putto. The Oy]! of the feed of Myagrum, or Gold of Pleafure ferveth, as Dj- 

corides faith, to make {mooth the skin that is chapt, or rugged in any part of 
¢ Body ; and as Pliny, and others fay,t~ cure the Ulcers of the mouth, if jt be 
therewith anointed but the more vulgar ufe of it in Germany, and other places 


where itis very plentifull, isto ferve the poore for their Tables; and therich. — 

er fort for their 3as alfo to'make fope, being compounded with a certain 
lye, made of afhes. The {aid oyl is very like unto the true oyl of Sefamum,being 
hot and thirft, ificbe drunk, asthe otherdoth, andthereforemaybe 

ufed for the fame ends and purpofes. The wild gold of Pleafure, isin quality 
fomewhat like unto the former, but bitterer, yea fo bitter,whilft it is green,that 
no Creature will raft thereof Beer ripe and dry, it becometh {fo acceptae, 
ble to {mall birds, as Linnets, Finches, andthe like to feed upon, that nothing 
canbe more. The other forts arenot knowne to be ufed toany pur porhing - ; 

fe OS 


\ ess of 

IF icaledin Grek alan Penn aig Pram which hee 
i Gexidet Gch piicalk Meiedble,acchedingtn that old verfe, ee a 

Dat raftrum raftros, porrumque facit = Porrete:: 0 “> eiageaee © 
dees found 60 of the Mafeali : capes & en fe oe 
unfet. 2 The Vine Leck. 3 The Leck witha =~ 

Por Sass Haroon . 

ah-iescd le en 
se ter | ene 
i digg 

ii. 8 

the Paradifeof Plants, ae 

4 The Forme. , ‘ 

The common Leek cometh: up likeuntoan Onyon,but that the Onyon bring- 
eth up his feed with it green, hollow like Leaves, flattith onthe one fide, and 
wich a ridge or creft onthe back~fide, of a fmell and taft, fomewhat like unto 
the Onyonalfo; if they befuffered to grow uncut,whether they be removed or 
not, then, in the fecond or third year after their fowing; they: will fend forth 
around and {lender ftalk, even quite throughout, but-not hollow or’ 
the middle like the: Onyonsbearing at thetop, an head of purplith flower: ersjatid 

black feed after them; fo very“like unto Onyon-feed, that icis hard to dif in- 
guilh them. The Root is long and white,wi ox papeangois me pines 

ing thereat. : 
The Places and Times h 
Thenaturall places of none of the aforetaid forts: where exes 
Ican find, except the Vine Leek, which eth by i — Vineyards, ‘and 
neer unto Vines in-hot Regions, whereof it:took ics name 5 3 bucare:planced in 
Gardens in other Countrys, as well as in England, efpeciall Ph in Egypt, where they 
were formerly in great eftimation. There Leeks may be fowne in’March and 4- 
pril, and-then they will be fit to be September, the ground being firt 
prepared with Cow-dung, that they may ee a Cives being once 
Janted, do continue many years, fuffering the e> ft cold o} ; 
Tic Vapha eth itsgreen leavesin Winter, and eret 

weg a 

_ Lecks are chor andy in ithe thd eed ofvery fabeile parts; its 
The Vertues. 

ethos Leeks ¢ eaten pes yceld very bad nonrifhment 5 a the eyes, 
ingender black melancholly-blood, and are therefor: ft hurcfall pelos. ee 
that are inélined thereunto, as alfo for th chat are Cholerick 
creafeth that humour al fo, caafes rrible deeames, hurtthe ee ipa th 
fharpneffe, as alfo the técth Sst pita, ms, yet after they are rea aap 
qualia iesaretaken away, fo reach gg profitable both for meat and 
* Pottage made with them are very wholefome, not onely 1a! 
prefled with phlegme, but for thofe alfo that are w llick, o 
the Stone. ‘But:for the Chollick they be more effeétuall,’ i k 
unfet Leeks, blades andall, chop. tionally boy] them ip good White Win, 
with May Bate ter, or other frefh if that be not tobe had, untill che Wilke 

:in a manner wafted awa = “Rippon linnencloth 
plaifterw foapply: ly atient, as hotashecahens _ 
dare it, which being cold apply anothe: and this do, ifmeed be, three or; four 
times together, and he thal] affuredlyibe-eafed:thereby. And for the Stone take 
unfet Leeks, in the Month of Fane, fhredthem fmall, and diftill chem, fin the 
Water fora month or two, Jridiauimeied iadontntag a good draught, for 
icbaee hed of the Hips purgeth the Kid- 

" felves, ke bhaderbein seam pt vinegar,and plyed. tothe flomack che 
Patient, ashe fet in is wae bed 5 Or elfeftamp unfet Lecks, Rofer 
Sea ees fe ldetioeche ciel ssa eos, oa ply t 
= Saabs fee ae ome 


12 _ Adam in Eden, Or; | 

Ee rs it 

conducing thereunto, and being baked under hot embers, they are an excellent 

. remedy againft a furfec of Mufhromes. The green blades of lecks, being bayled 
and applyed warm to the Hemeroids or Piies,when they are fwoln and painful, 

dit increafeth Iuftin men. The juyes of unfet Leeks is very much 
: ey have been formerly of frequentule forfood 

2 ae Crave CCLVE .. aoe ae 
Cees". Of More R eddifh, tome 


cut in on the edges, 

3 re aed 
Seiichi ers 
ae ve J iar aie 

‘he Paradifeof Plan. 13 

‘The Places t and Time. 7 
Mountaine Radifh, forfo itis fometimes called, is ‘cheiflyplanted i in Gar- \ 
dens, where it joyeth moft,in a moift and fhaddowy place, yer it 'groweth ja- 
turally in divers parts of this Land:as’at Namp-iwich in Chefbire, in a place cal- 
led ee Milne-Ey> 5 and alfo ar a fmall Village neat Londen called Hogi. ‘don in the 
~feild,next unto the farme houfe by the way ieading to Kings land: Ir fo feldome 
beareth {eed or fowereth, that {ome have affirmed thar it beareth neither, 
fometimes it doth flower i in July of Auguft, and the feed is ripein S, ember 
the common’ iy Of propag 

ting’ it, i is bythe: root? for it fhooteth op div 
wh : {for incteate, ei either in che Spring or amis 
asin a Fite: ee esbei Fat d : 
; Horfe Reddifh sb de ia in the degree, ing a rying, sing 
and fomewhat digefting quality. 2 ae 
dane > The Vertes. 
” OF al things hae are given to Children for the Widsinet ta Hotfe ess: 
not the | uall,for ic killech and expelleth chem,whether the juice of the 
_ green root, or powder of the dry root be Mpa in Wine or other corive ent li~ 
aor or an Oyntmrent bovlad is Wane ws he Belly of the Child t 
erewithi The Leaves boyled in Wine tha yl € 
oF isaremedy fo | $ fliced thin, 
seta meat asa neg aioe ett pected put thenetocas alto for the nega 
Hick: rs a a remedy in ftrong Bodies for the Cough, Tiffick, and o- 
ther difeafes of the Lungs; as alfo to procure Womens courfes that are it 
being boyled in honey and vinegar into an Electuary = it alfo is often given 
before the fit of the Quartan me to ae 

tourfe, which ic doth by provo- 
siven in drink, is held tob - 
t bruifec land iaid'eothe " ahaa 

lace ; ieved 
the Sciatica re Foynt-ac, or thet ar d fwelling of the Liveand Ms edi vith 

smacks,’ ecideat peer thre? oF balafeth The ee fee bel 
diftilled Water ofthe Leaves and Roots may be taken with a little S: -all 
ithe purpofes aforefaid, aad envio “The Root if come only 
-uafec gee nd ere oe fometimes emen wit has alfo for Ge 
Sains 30 iwith, and her Meats, 3 ert catty the Stomach, 

Bias | a pra ae Sea dba: ir Seattercol 
Lie soiacaneninettathen © no more but R . 

14 i _ Adam in Eden, Or, 

with one, as Rhus Coriaria, becaufe the Coriers ufe ic about their Leather, and | 
Rbus Obfoniorum, becaute it is ufed about fauce, the fhops call it Anmtha and fo *— 

do We in Englifh. he Rindess 

To this kind may be referred. thefe five forts,and not improper! 1 Cori-. 
are Sumack. 2 Vir. Qo Sumack. 3, Mirtle nial, Sumack. if a Vaiss Su- 
“mack. § Sweet Ga : 

i's oak Forme. 
> Coriars Sumack groweth in our Gardens co be two orthree yards ie inate 
ing fundry branches with larg winged Leaves,that is, having many feton both 
fides Of a middle rib, fomewhat like unto Elder,which are foft and hairy; with 
ared finew running through the middle of every of thems at the ends of the 
branches come forth large fpiked clufters of whitith Flowers, which afterwards 
“becomereddith, round, and flat feed like t unto Lentils, with an, outward skjn- 
ny | husk. The Rootishard and woody, not growing <7 on nor much 
Apreading 5 the Woot is ey at. nahi blag. 

The ft : ain, ‘ he a, i profit, itis 

cabefalls Rees the hace {econd m: Ly pain, cnOwn byarsname 4 

Siied giowerh about Mompelier,and divers other places: the fourth in Fhe 
‘on the Apenine Hils, the laft by’ old Windfor birkeComr in Suffex, Hartford-(bire, 
“anid Kent, as well as beyond the Sea. They flower for the moit part in. Fuad 

their feedis RE in Autwmne. 

The Temperature. . 
Ran tings. inthe san and dyin 

Pht eldih ‘colour of the pe - Sumack, "hid chi pethe as patent éoule 
the Vertues of Plants by their Signatutes, that itis good for ‘the bloody flux, 
which is voided. wh of the Belly with Stes and excoriation, ‘fo chat 
blood is voided, ercunto great, aines wi oh ae pa and upon , 
account it is prefcribed genera! by all thi fe that meddle with the. - 

er as alfo for ftopping a L other Fluxes of the Belly, the inordinate 
Courfes of Women, the Whites alfo, and all otherimmo: ‘ 
whatfoever : the Leaves being either boy. ieivine anddrieleerhe ect éa= 
n Sawces with Meat, or the Setioliion fetin fomeconvenient place, asthe — 
Stool, whencethe fume may powerfully afcend into the bodies 
hat are thus difeafed ; and che faid decogtion maketh the Hair black, 
that i is is wathedsherewith: The leaves and f feeds — peo feverall other ways iss 

Ges : ah , nena 

: ht " anh roat, an 

os Ce nded ; The feed is: likewife boyled in 

pored t rthe thickneffe of honcy,as iefor= 
fe; The juyce of the greet Leaves — 

tty Band sinning of thems Th cleo | 

[blew mars thatcome of brifs and Blowes as alo the fctngs and ga 
of the skin; the fame apr applyed with the fine powder of 
, aa the Hemeroids or Piles, when they al 

‘the Paradife of. Plants. 15 

‘It is fingalar good alforobe applyed to Ruptures,both inwardly and outward. 
ly, and co ftay defluxions of hot and harp Rhewmes into the eyes, and again? 
other deftillations of the head and want of {leep. Thedecoction of the feed is 
good to wath the mouth, borh to fatten loofe teeth, and to heal putrid and rot- 
ren Gums; and the Gum that fometimes iffueth out of the tree, is good for the 
ach of hollow teeth, being put thereinto. The faid Leaves are fo aftringent that 
they may be fubfticuted inftead of Acacia, Though the Virginian Sumacks be 
kept only asararity or ornament to a Garden or Orchard, yet it is conceived 
that if eryall weremadecic might work fome of the forefaid effects. The leaves 
of Coggygria or Venice Sumack, are fold in the Markets of Spain and Italy, for 
great ums of Money untothofe that dreffe Spanifh Leather, for which purpofe 
they are very excellent, as thofe of the Goriars Smack alfo are; the Woods, e~ 
{pecially of the Roots of every of them area Commodity that Dyers make 
much ule, fome of them dying black, fome yellow, and fomered. The Gall is 
by the bitterneffe and harihneffe, found to be both drying, and difcufling, and 
is very effeStuall to kill Wormes in the B:lly or Stomack; but it worketh much 
upon the brain, cavfing evill accidents thereunto. It keepeth Mothes from Gar- 
ments and woollen Cloathes, giving unto them a {cert, and therefore ic 
3s much ufed to be laid in Wardrobes, Chefts, Preffes,and the like. The Myrtle 
leafed Sumack and the Venice, re aloft as effectual as the firt, and i a 
fed foeshe paspeies aforefaid, but then the quantity muft be augmente 
they are W = cers $ jin RTS perk ay tag ? wee ae ae ae % ; y nae 4 a 

ge eS or +2 att ae 

Rae Se 

“Guar. CCLVII. 

is called in Greek uvgeivn & puppivn,fcom Myrfine, an Athenian Maid. Whodi 
Pallas loved, yet becaute fhe overcame her in running, fhe killed her for en- 
vy, and from her dead body {prung up this tree, which Pallas Loves equally 
with the Olive, as the ftory faith; buc Pena thinketh it to be fo named, be- 
caufe thefrefh berries thereof docontend with Myrrhe in their {weet favour. Ic 
is called in Latine Myrtus, and in Englith Myrtle, from the Latine,which other 
ean Are APRONS Druggift call the Berries Myrtili. 
: , ' Ki eee : : : “2 Leotig 
_ There be ten forts of Myrtles at the leait. 1 The greater leafed Myrtle, 2 The 
{rallerleafed Myrtle. 3 The greateft open Lawrell Myrele. 4 The ftrange broad 
leafed clofe Myrtle. 5 The ufuall broad leafed Myrtle. 6 The ftrange narrow 
leafed Myrtle. 7 The Spanith wild Myrcle. § The {mall whiceMyrdle. 9 
leafed Myrtle. 190 Doubleflowred Myrtle. 3 a 
The greater leafed Myrtle rifeth up tobe three or four foot high, though 
dome more with us, growing after the manner of a {mall bufh, with m: 
branches ; the eldeft whereof, as alfo the Stemme are incompaffed wich 
efa dark colour, that of the younger is green and fometimes red, efp 
the firft fhooting forth, whereon are fet many frefh green Leaves, of a 
nd pleafant afpect, fo very like unto the leaves of che Pome 
rh us, that they are often taken one for another, 
hes where the leaves ftand, come forth | 

eal AW eet ; 

- ag Mats 
oe; iieed os 


x6 Sho Edens Or, 


— Géden faiths that the myrtle is endaed wich contrary qualities, thaeis, witha 
=. “em and earthy, and a warm and thin, and therefore it powerfully bindech and 
drieth, are 3 ; A OE neta TCG a 

—Gsripe'in September. 

E “The Vertues. ia 
Becaufe the Phyficians do commonly joyn famak and myrtle in their Com. 
pofitions,therefore I bave fet them next to one another in this Book of fimples, 

and indeed they are alike effeCtuall for all eff.:fions of blood, at what part foever — 3 

_ bothin the dry rather then che dryed Leaves being beaten and 
oyled with water anddre ni} » and fot is good nop Catarrhes, fallingtoany 
part of the body, the Wbites in Women, moift U 
fores. Thefraic with the feed isgood for the trembling: and patlions of the 
heart, refifteth the danger that might happen by the fting of Serpents, the bit- 
ings of venemous Creatures, or by poytonfall Mufhromes ; Being drunk in 
_ Wine, it helpeth a ftinking breath;cureth the difeafes of the bladder,& provok- 

Icers, arid fretting or creeping 

‘ech Urine : the fame heated with wine, healeth all Ulcers thacare hard to cure, a 

‘and foitis good for blanes, wheales, and orher breakings out of theskin: The 
deco&ion is good for Women, to fit in or over that ar¢ troubled wichthefalling 
‘dewne of the Mother, and is good alfo for the falling downe of the fundanent, 

‘and the piles : Being mixed with Sallet-Oyle, or Ole of Rofes and V ine, ae 

1 the {welling of the Cods, the Impoftunies ofthe fundament 

tion ofthe 
fo it helpeth to confolidate thofe bones that are broken orout of joynt, which = 

will: , 

- “wifing of the skin aboar chem, if the powder of the dryed leaves be caft thereon. 
~ MPhe juyce of the leaveshath the fame effeéts, whether it be taken out of thefrelh 
~ Leaves, or from the dry, by fprinkling them over with Red Wine, and is fafely 
vifed where there isneed of any binding Medicine, either to heal the Ulcersof 
Pini to loofe theireye-fight, by reafon of any filme orskin growingover 

Pit be laid on with parched Barly Meal. The decoStion of (HC — 
the hairblack, and Keepeth it from falling, it eurech all the: is 
—” ead, and ele infeth the fame from fcurfe and fcals, being ofted 
“-fhed therewith,and helpeth them that are burften. The Syrupe of Myrt 
«the Cotivh and exulceration of the Lungs. The powder of the dry 
h theftinking fweat of the flanks and arme-pits, arid the fwe: 

iy aa eee Fe EOE 
ohisoat et ee 2 

thonies fice. The decoétion of the Leaves is good for the refolu- 
teries and Foynts, and other weakneffes incident thereunto, tofirin 
as ina Bath, or elfe tobaththat part only which ismoft amiffe, and 

ehardly be cured : Ichelpech the foreneffe of the Nailes, andthe 

the Paradife of Plants. v7 

Cardiack aflion; The juyce condeniate of Myrtles is alfo commended, as a 
good fubititute for Acacia. The excrefcence called Myrtidanum, is of greater force 
to dry andbind, chen either leate, juyce or feed, nr 

- : 

CAz.. GULIX. - 
Of Ciftus. 
The Names, , i3 : * 

is called in Greek xfs@ & siS@-, Ciftus & Cifthus alfo, in Latine; as if 
there were no pure Latine Word to expreffe it, yet fome call it Rofa Sslvatix 
ca, but we in Englith, call ic Ciftus. The undergrowth or excrefcence of 
the Ciftus ; whereof, I mean to intreat of alfo in this‘Chapter, is called i 
Greek veinuas, and Hypociftis isthe Latine Name, both for the Plant, and the 

juyce drawn trom it. é 

pat | 
or lictle Sun-flower, aries 

 thelikePlan.  . peapsicsc:. : SB ass 
The Dwarfe Ciftus fendeth forch fandry weak and {mall branches, -yer har 
and almioft woody; lying for the moft part upon the ground, round. 

pointed Leaves a peece,with Come threds in the middle,of a pretty {cent in fomn 
places, but of litle ornonein others, after which cometh the feed, whid 
fmall, and contained in {mall round heads : ithath a hard, woody, 
Root ing in time to be fomewhat great, but not very Jong, 
isitefinall branchee at che lower dict 2 ax s 
The firft which is the Gum Cifus groweth naturally in 
_ other hot Countrys: icy co ond, «which 
CG = 


nS ieee a 

a “Adam in Eden, Or, 


iieattat Rime. 

drunk : The fame, that isthe Flowers, doquickly heal any burning or icalding, 
being applyed in a Searecloth, and being bruifed and laid co any green wounds 
i1 clofeth the lips thereof, and reftraineth the bleeding thereof. Old and filihy 
Ulcers being wathed with the decoétion of the Leaves and young Shootes boy- 
Jed in Wine, are dryed up and healed thereby; for though they be cankrous, eat~ 
ing or fpreading, ic will wonderfully and quickly ftay chofe fretting moilt hu- 
mours which follow them: The diftilled Water ofthe Leavs and Flowers is of 
the like efficacy, and may be arplyed to any part, as often as there is any nec¢ 
of drying, binding and ftrengthening. The Dwarfe Ciftus is likewile commend- 
ed for ail manner of Fluxes, thedecoétion of the Herb and Root being taken, 
which is alfo very ¢ffeCtuall to wath fore mouths, and the Ulcers chat happen in 
or about the privy parts of Men or Women: Ic is no leffe profitable in other 
Ulcers of the Body or Legges, which are long kept from healing by the falling 

~ down of moiftand fharp humours,then the other Ciftus,and fo likewife for green 
‘wounds. Icis alfoeffcctuall for any burftings, as Comfrey and Jikewile tor the 
Rrengihening of weak joynts, or any binding property, whereancto any Comfrey 
may be applyed. Befides, ic quickly healeth the biting or flinging of any ve- 
nemousCrcature, being bruifed and dik bie thereunto, ey: if the party 
bitten or ftung, take alfo of the juyce or the decoction thereof in Wine ; the di- 
filled water of the Herbis held tobeautify the skin of the Face,by calging away 
Freckles, Sunburn, Morphew, &c. from thence,and gleanfech t 
ther part of the body beinggifeoloured, 

ya ee 

6 2 = 
Fae Ce Os 

ees ee beni 7 — Hp rte : 

‘ sles ¥ a # a a ‘ ping ee ~ fue 

* oy m rw ‘ * an . a e F H A P. F eee 
ft : r ‘ q 

Of t 



— is 
: and 

 pramnum, as Galen faith, whence happil 
and therefore the Tree 4 ’ Buh may be calle 

unelluss ns lin che fourck peck 
words-----Ex {pinus jam pruze ferentes: We 
- Englifh, and the fruit Sloess 2? ek ei 

: 2 eae yee there be four forts of Balleis,which 
itwill novbe amiffe to fer downe here, becanfe they do not much differ. 1 The 
Shepway Bullcis. 2 The ordinary black Bulleis. 3. The ordinary white Bul~ 

Jie 4 The fuhing Buleisco which all alfeadge anocher wild Plam which 
_ fome call Skegges, Sos. Rae ie : ee Tee = a 
a6 The Forme. 

The Black-Thorn never groweth to the greatneffe of a Tree, but alwayes 
deth as a hedge buth, yet in fome places higher then other, rifing Bahia | 
-diyers ftems from the Roots, branched. forth into many boughes 
good ftore of ftrong, fhort, and fharp thorns, fet with and befides 
green leaves, finely dented about the edges, whereon do grow at 
year, many very white Flowers compofed of five leaves, after 

20 : Adam in Eden, Or, 

: —— s ae 
while, yer at length becometh black, but never very bigge, of an exceeding 
harfh caft, before they are ripe,yet afterwards the harfhne fie is lomewhatabated" 

The Root is great and woody, f{preading under ground, and thooting forth a- 
gain in divers placcs. | 


: The Heder and 8 : : 
~The Sloes and Skegges grow in He esand Copies of moft parts of this Lani 
being oftentimes ee to make the divifions and fences of enclofed cher 
onely the Bulleis are commonly found nearer home in Orcbards or Clojes, They 
all flower early, as in March, or April, be che weather never fo hard, yet ripen 
not their fruit till che Amimmne froftshave bittenthem. 
Peo: ‘ The Temperature, 
All the parts of the Stoe Bufb are binding, cooling, and dying. - 
or . The Vertnes. Wigs oc ae 
The juyce of the frait of Shes, being alfo a Subflitute of Acacia, and thore 
often ufed then any other in moft of our A pothecaries Shop‘, muft be likewife 
‘effeGtuall for all kinds of Lasks and Fluxes dfblood, both in Menand Wowen, 
or elfe it would noc be ufed infted thereof, yet divers conceive that the conden. 
farejuyce of Sumeck or Myriles, is more anfwerable to the qualities of Acacia, 
_ then thagof Sloes, which hath only the binding qualicy thereof, and cherefow 
better : But indeed it were to be wifhed that Sublti 
é&ted; for certainly they cannot but be dficient or exceffive in fome quality or o~ 
ther, and that the things chemfelves, which we want onely through our owne 
negligence, might be more diligently fought after. The decoétion of the Bark 
of the Root or more ufually aegis either frefh or dryed,performeth the 


like effetts, and helpeth to cafe the pains in the fides,bowels and guts,that come 
by overmuch fcowring or leofneffe. The conferve is alfo of very much ufeand 
. mot familiar] — 7 or: urpofes aforefaid peeled water of the flow= 
~ mnénight in Sack,and d wne therefrom ina body of glaffc,is amoft 
the fides and bowels, orany griping pains in either of them, to drink a imall_ 

quantity when they are troubled herewith. Good ftore of Sloes ftamped and — 
ut into an earthen pot with new Ale, and fo drunk, helpeth the pain 
fing in Bed. The Bark boyled in warer till itbe black and thick with R : 
and Honey added thereunto, is available to confame the dead fieth which keep. 
~ eth wounds oftentimes from healing, and cureth the Cankers being applyed. . 

The { are good to make Lotions, to gargleand wath the mouth and i 

so 2a troubled with fwallines fores, Meitenae and co flay the © 
diftillations of Rhewme into the eyes, or other parts, as alfo tacoole the heat sf 
and inflammation of them, and to cafe tot pains of the Head,the Forehead and 
Temples being bathed therewith. The diftilled wacer of the green Berries is al- 
fo ufed for the fame effects, and fo isthe water that is diftilled from the Flowers 
only. The Moflethat groweth on the Black Thorn;draweth Pricklesand Thorns 

. efh, and this ic may be faid co pertorme by the Signature which i# 

ated by the FhornesgrowingontheBulh, : 

tutes Were not fo much affes 

rbeParadleof Plans. ~~~: 


Cuar. CCLXI. 
es oe the parable 

The Names. 

T is called in Greek bain, Batw, in Latine Rubus and Sentis, and alfo Pe~ 
pres, whereof Ovid maketh mention, fpeaking how the Hare hides arate : 
fromthe Dogs therein, after thismanner, é 4 

Aut lepori, qui vepre latens beftilia cernit Ora canum. 

Of divers itis called Cynesbatwbut not properly faith one,for Ohnasbats isge= | 

oa taken for the wild Rofe, though there be divers that would have the 
ofero be Cynorrbodes,and this Cynesbatus,and thisis moft confonantro Rea. 

fon, Icis called by usin Englifh,the Bramble or the Black-Berri-bufh. and 
fruit Black-Berries, which the Greeks call BdJive, which fome have made V-atina 
ap Latine, id tcf Mova pesto are callesi 1%, 5 “ dine batizand of 

afi f pi Mrsaeoee 

ik ves ioe nae ekeered Wbtetocs ce AMR VE st enntiGds le on 
Black-berry-Buth. 2. the fall t faves ‘Braable 5 . {weer n mountaing 
Bramble or Raspis. . 4-the Dew-berry or Winberry.5.the thot Bramble or ro 
6.ourEnglith Knot-berry. 7. the Welfh Knor-berry or Lancafhire Cloud« 
| berry..8. the Knor-berry of Norway. 9. another Knot berry of Norway. 

The F. Ae . tibbed 
The common Bramble fhootech forth m ribbed branches ofa veya 
Hare their weaknefs alfo end tg. 

Jength, yea fol cecuial wid tobe al ey fer 
an eas 

der the midle ribb, of a mK Heesccloursbole, d grayit it e2 
feldome fall away till the extremity of the Winter be be pait (as ¢ ountry- Me 
do obferve) and the new be ready to fucceed them : the flowers comie'forth very 
Pei ace ee ashe aches confifting Seca are etek 

pain calieect cn be ripebueeill hen tom se uapdapb dae reddith, 

= roweth to be very great and fullotkaots. Fo 
The firft: alr joltsche fhcohdby | ant oat ede. . 
aud fometimes the ploughed lands jo Seppe of thisLandsthethird 
| eth on hills dd in high grounds quent in Chefbire, Yorke~ 
foire, and Lencafbire ; che fift in rocky a _ 8 of Huntingdon and 

Nottingbamjbire and in divers parts of ated the Iflle of Thanet 5 the fixch u 
ough Hill, which is one of chehigheft Hillsin England, yea fo high cial 
Secsh 3 at leaft co touch. the clouds, and therefore { fome, call the fruir 
Cloudberryes5as they-do the next,whofe T 
as the two laft my thee Bie ; 

22 ~~ AdaminEden, Or, 

binding quality, efpecially the unripe fruit, and chat more when they haveheen 
kept a while chen when they are frefh. 
The Vertues and Signature. 

The flowers and unripe fruit of the Bramble are of very great ufeand prof 
alfo for thote chat are vexed with the bleody-flux, Lacks, and weakneffe e te 
parts coming by either ofthens whichis fignificd both by the coloar of the bia 
ries when they are red, and alfo by the crooked thorns which wil! caufe the 
blood to follow no otherwife then the Exulceration of the Guts which accants 
pie the bloody flix, and by the fame fignatore it helpeth the {pitting of 

lood, if the decottion thereof be drunk. The B ids,Leaves and Branches whiitt. 
they are green,are of good ufe in the Ulcers and putrid fores of the Mouth atid 
Throat, and for the Quinfy, and lisewife to heal other frefh wounds and fores 5 
The decoétion or powder of the Root being tsken is good to break or drike 
forth Graveil and the Scone in the Reines and Kidneys. The Leaves as well dry 
as green, are good to make Lotions both for fores of rhe Moth andalfo of the 
fecret parts. The decoftion of them and of the dryed branches do much bind 
‘the Belly, and are good for the too much flowing of WomensCourfes. The 

Berries or the Flowers are a powerfull remedy againft the poyfon’of the moft 

‘venemoys Serpents and to help the fores of the F; undamentand the Piles, wheres 

Feaversand othe 


and theh 

mattering and penning 
rder of the Leaves | 

Fall for thehealing of them. 

as often as occafion : 
‘the Scarvey, and other 
Of thot parts are aflli&te 

encompaffe the Stalks being drunk cantech iba 
_the concavous leaves that contain Water like a ba 

: caufe the ¢ in the Concavity 

tbe Paradife of Plants. 23 

_ Lavacrum Veneris, Venus Bafony it beingsas I fappofe, a peece of Religion 
the Antients to intitle thofe pretty things which bear any. refemblance with 
any utenfill torthe adorning or cleanfing of the budy to Venus, as Speculnm Vene- 
rissVenus looking glaffe, Peden Vener Venus Combe, as alfo thofe parcs which Wo- 
men much refpe&, as Capilius Venerie, Maidenhair, and Uspbilicus Veneris, Venus 
Navelwort, &c. Yet fome would have icto be Labrum Veneris, becaufe Whores 
-areasready to be kiffedasthethofe hollow Leaves to receive the Raine, and af- 
-terwards to card and teare the éftates, if not the bodies of their followers;which 
she heads of this Teafel are apr’ todo, and Cardaus Veneris for the like reafon. 
I is alfo called Carduus Fullonum, Fullers Thiftle, becaufe Cloathworkers and 
Fullers ufe the manured kind hereof named Dipjacus fativus, the others being 
called Dip/acus (ylveftris, and Virga mo ped Sairaet gaits bas gainwe 
; rf? OUT. >f ait: mdess 6 eo ore re ee 
Though Teafel havefomany names, yet ithathybut four forts. 1 The Garden 
-ormanured Teafel. 2 The wild Teafel. 3 Wild Teafel with jagged Leaves. | 
4 The Shepherds StaffeorRod. 4 Pp enriset ROB ar ot b 
Psat 6 The Forme. ine 2aied Ba ye 
Garden Teafel fendeth forth very larg and long leaves) fomewhat like unto 
thefe of Lang de beef or Wild Bugloffe, but greater, of a pale green ‘cel 


fat ough and hard, dented about the edges, (on thebsckfide of the middle 
what rot ana nar ented about the edges, et on th ic e. f fa % 
‘many fhort prickles, from which rife up ftalks of the height of three’o 

cvie with prickles, wih 

‘eels, every one of which beareth along round head like a Broth, that they 
cleanfe bottles with, 

éntly in moft 

rm : » Adamin Eden, Or, 

Face efpeciaily underthe eyes. The Leavs applyedto the Fore-head & Temples 
gualifieth the Frenfy or Madneffle by the cold and dry quality, which fonie bay. 
pofe tobe in them, and the juyce.of them put into the eares, killeth the worms 
in them: The diftilled water of the Leavesis effefuall co-cure the Scurvey, 
which caufeth rotcenneffe of the Mouth and Guans, takech away the rednefle of 
_the ¢yes, and fuch Mifts as darken thefight, being but dropped thereinto, and 
helperhcreeping fores, Shingles, Pimples and banging Warts in che Fundamenty o¢ 
elféwhere. ‘The faiddiftilled water is often. pled by Women to preferve their 
Beauty, ‘and ce takeaway redneffe and inflammations, andiall other ‘heats and 
difcolorings. The roots ftamped with Danewort, fodden in Wine and drunk, 
helpeth the Drop{y,and the Gout alfo,ifthey be boyledin red Wine,and. drunk 
morning and evening for nine dayes together. Being boyled with Plantain in 
Rain-water, and fome quantity thereot drank with Sugar,morning,noon and 
night; belpeth the {pitcing of blood. Two drams of the'powder drank in a 

Bosagss fol! of Peafe broth.ftoppeth the immioderate Flux of Womens Cours 
fes, and fo it doth being ftamped and boyled in vinegar,and applyed under the 
Navel, and being onely ftamped and applyed, it is good for thofewounds that 
are moiftand hard to heal, and alfo forthe Cancker of the Yard.The faid pow. 
de: being drunk in good Wine, ftoppeth all manner of Fluxes, and isa remedy 
_ for the Excoriations of the beily and other parts. That the fmall Worms tound 
in. the heads of the Teafel worn about the neck orarm ina thin Leafe, do cure 
¢, iscertainlya Fable, The firft as Ifaid is onely ufed by them that 
drefle Cloath, to raife the Wool thereof with thecrooked Prickles of the head, 
 gmaking it fic that their Shearers may cut ic {mooth, and yet a Nap may be left 
thereon, but the other forts are as ufefull in Phyfick, efpecially che fecond, 

oe eR 
T is called in Greek “‘oputa&”Opuees as Theaphraftue Gith,inLatinalfo Oryes 

ill permit, There being but one kind hereof, Ifhall pafle to theDeferip- 


eee oS: ae 
cometh up in a manner like unto wheat, but that the ftalks feldomeex- _ 


— med 

sheParadiitof Plows. > a5 

it groweth moft naturally in Fenny aud waterifh placcs, being fowne in the 
Spring, and gathered about themiddle or end of Autumne. ; 
: The Temperdrute. J 
It is (omewhat binding and drying,but otherwife it is very temperate,fearce. - 
ly exceeding in heat or cold. POT Ay , 
The Vetties. o 
The ufe of Rice is very much commended by the Phyfitians of all Ages to 

tay the Lasks and Fluxes of che Belly; as well as the Scomack, and is preferibed _ 

by thofe even of later times for the fame purpofe, as alfo for the Hemorrboides or 
’ Piles, efpecialiy ificbe2 little parched before it be ufed, and afterwards ol 

in Milk wherein hot Steele or hot Stoneshavebeeh quenched. Bac if thaebe 
not fafficiently effetwall. for the Flax, theremay er maderthereof a 

this manner. Takea good handful of Oakea bark,and boyl it in agallon of run~ 

ning Water to theone half, orthereabours: then ftraining it, and. fuflering it to 

cool, taketialf a pound of Jordan Almsnds, and beat them in a Mortar With Hulls 

and all on, afterwards ftrain them with the aforefaid: Warer, and (6 With: Rice 

_ “gyake Portage. Or if blanched Alinondsbe ftamped with Rofewater arid ftrair- 

- éd into Rice broth, portage or milk,ic is alfo very good for the Flux; atid fo is 

or Giher ary fort Of 

‘made with Rice cer, and gi 
io, . lis tho shee sie oe pg ye be i weg , sch Tie fine 
flover hereof mixed with yalks of egges, wi ing fryed witli freth butter, 
ad eat morning dakdrahing, Raper hebloey Flux. The fame is pte a. 
sataplafmes that are applyec to repéll humours, that fall to any place, and may 
to Womens breafts to ttay Inflammations, bat ic muff 
pe at the beginning ; Being boyled in running Water,and the face wafhed there- 


, having alittle green Ging erarig Beppe ton Stier pense sot | 
r Foul cuvin peice in 

welltafted Food; They have many other difhes 
ent, as in Catcheree, Dupiatcd at real as 
ea cur, 

pleafethemfelves much therewith, Wh ; 
from England to the Great Mogulsbe and Mr-Teery his Obaplain 
Afaph Chan, the greateft Favourite in all that Empire, 
—— and ten diihes, fia Chan threefcore, Mt. Terry itty, ae 
cheie ellies and Culiées. The meaner finite cople alfoeat Riceboyled with ~ 
een-Ginger and a little Pepper, after which they put Butter into it, but 7 
this is their principal dith, and but feldome eaten of them, being tothtm ds 
Roft-meat is to poor folkes aniongft us. And fo much for the greaveftimation =» 

that Rice hath in ehe Eaft Indies, which is indeed the wholefomeft grain 

iz rows, though not fomuch inufeamongtt us, > 2 

fed, or the juyce thereof being put into Oyntments and Salves, doth q 


120. Adam in Eden, Or, 

CHuarp. CCLXIV. 
OF Flix-W eed. 
The Names. 3 

thofe Latine names that it hath obtained, are many of them ELIE ES o 

Greek, as well as Latine, as Pfeudonafturtinm {ylueftre, Sophia Chirurgorum 

and Thalietrum or Thaliéirum, but not truly,for that name belongeth to dh 43 
Rabarbe that growes in our Medowes. It is called Pieudonafturiinum {slveftre, be 
caufe it pertaines to the Family of the wild Creffes, but why itis called Sophia 
_ Ghirnrgorum, 1 know not, unleffe it be the Sophie Paracel, wherewith the Parg. 
_ ¢elfians.pretend to do wonders in uniting broken bones, and healing eld ores : 

t hath no pure Greek name fer down by any Author, that I can. find, ye 

hough the matter be difputable, icis generall called and knowne by the 

- name of Sophia Chirargorum. In Englith 1 it isc A FlisWeed, from the’ 7 
that i it ito cure in Flix. eee 
Tbe Kindes. sat 
And becanfe Flix-weed is {aid to be of